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Encyclopedia > Hells Gate, British Columbia
Hell's Gate, British Columbia
Hell's Gate, British Columbia

Hell's Gate is a 35 metre (110 foot) narrowing of British Columbia's Fraser River Canyon, located immediately downstream of Boston Bar. The towering rock walls of the Fraser River plunge toward each other forcing the waters through a passage only 110 feet wide (35 m). It is also the name of a rural community at the same location. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2832x2128, 2452 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Gate, British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2832x2128, 2452 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Gate, British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 925,186 km² 19,549 km... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Boston Bar is a town in the Fraser Canyon of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Fraser River watershed The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ...


History

The first recorded history of Hell's Gate is found in the explorer Simon Fraser's journal, 1808. There he describes this narrow passage as an "awesome gorge" He also says that "surely this is the gate of hell". On June 26, 1808 Fraser passed along the cliffs on a series of bridges and ladders built by local Nlaka'pamux people. Simon Fraser (1776–18 August 1862) was a fur trader and an explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Nlakapamux (commonly called the Thompson, and also Thompson River Salish, Thompson Salish, Thompson River Indians or Thompson River people) are an indigenous First Nations/Native American people of Salish ethnicity in southern British Columbia and northern Washington. ...


Construction of the Canadian Northern Railway in 1914 blasted thousands of tons of rock into the river below the railroad grade which further constricted the river and damaged sockeye salmon runs. Thirty years of scientific planning and several years' construction have not completely repaired the damage. Hell's Gate's fishways, built by a joint Canadian-American Commission, were completed in 1966. The Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR) is a historic Canadian railway. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum, 1792) Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), also called red salmon or blueback salmon, is an anadromous species of salmon found in the Pacific Ocean. ...


The route of the present Trans-Canada Highway through the Fraser Canyon parallels, roughly, the fur brigade trail of the Hudson's Bay Company, which was built over the shoulder of the Cascade Mountains high above the east bank of Hell's Gate, as the route north from Kequaloose (opposite Spuzzum) was completely impassable, even for mules. Beginning with the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858 Canyon a usable mule trail was built through the Canyon, a route which the new colonial government invested in heavily to build the Cariboo Wagon Road. The Cariboo Road was completed in 1864 but destroyed by CPR construction in the 1880s. A road through the canyon was not opened again until 1922 as the Cariboo Highway. Trans Canada Highway over Canada Map The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... The Fur Brigade were convoys of Canadian fur trappers who travelled between trading posts, usually via by canoe or horse (mainly during the early 19th century). ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Mount Rainier Mount Jefferson in Oregon. ... Spuzzum is a very small town (population below 50) in British Columbia, Canada on the Trans-Canada Highway, approximately 50 kilometres north of Hope, thus is often referred to as being beyond Hope. ... The Gold Rush of British Columbia occurred after gold was discovered in the Fraser River Valley. ... A portion of the Cariboo Road, circa 1867–1868 The Cariboo Road (also called the Cariboo Wagon Road, the Great North Road or the Queens Highway) was a project initiated in 1862 by the colonial Governor of British Columbia, James Douglas. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ...


The Canadian Pacific Railway runs through the canyon. Construction through the canyon took four years and was completed in 1884. Across the river is the Canadian National Railway. Originally called the Canadian Northern Railway, this stretch was completed in 1914. Rockslides during construction narrowed the channel just above Hell's Gate, resulting in the need for the present fishways. An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... This entry refers to the geological term landslide. ...


Today

Hell's Gate Airtram
Hell's Gate Airtram

Today, Hell's Gate is a popular tourist attraction, with access to the canyon and river crossing provided by an aerial tramway since 1971. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2832x2128, 2258 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Gate, British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2832x2128, 2258 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Gate, British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... The construction of the aerial tramway. ...


Only local indigenous people are legally allowed to fish the river; however, fishing is prohibited 1 mile north and south of Hell's Gate.[citation needed]


External links

  • Hell's Gate Airtram

  Results from FactBites:
 
Department of Geography - Publications (2284 words)
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Hells Gate, British Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (351 words)
Hell's Gate is a 35 metre (110 foot) narrowing of British Columbia's Fraser River Canyon, located immediately downstream of Boston Bar.
The first recorded history of Hell's Gate is found in the explorer Simon Fraser's journal, 1808.
Today, Hell's Gate is a popular tourist attraction, with access to the canyon and river crossing provided by an aerial tramway since 1971.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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