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Encyclopedia > Hello, Dolly! (musical)
Hello, Dolly!
1994 Cast Recording Cover
Music Jerry Herman
Lyrics Jerry Herman
Book Michael Stewart
Based upon The Matchmaker by Thornton Wilder
Productions 1964 Original Broadway production

1975 All-black Broadway production
1978 Broadway revival
1995 Broadway revival
1996 Mexico City production
Image File history File links DollyPlay. ... Jerry Herman Jerry Herman (born Gerald Herman on July 10, 1933 in New York City) is an American composer/lyricist of the Broadway musical theater. ... Jerry Herman Jerry Herman (born Gerald Herman on July 10, 1933 in New York City) is an American composer/lyricist of the Broadway musical theater. ... Michael Stewart (1924 New York City- 1987), Jewish-American playwright and librettist. ... The Matchmaker is a play by Thornton Wilder based on an 1842 play by the Austrian playwright Johann Nestroy titled Einen Jux will er sich machen. ... Image:Thorntonwilderteeth. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ...

Awards 1964 Tony Award for Best Musical

Hello, Dolly! is a musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart, based on Thornton Wilder's 1938 farce The Merchant of Yonkers, which Wilder revised and retitled The Matchmaker in 1955. // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Jerry Herman Jerry Herman (born Gerald Herman on July 10, 1933 in New York City) is an American composer/lyricist of the Broadway musical theater. ... Michael Stewart (1924 New York City- 1987), Jewish-American playwright and librettist. ... Image:Thorntonwilderteeth. ... Look up farce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Merchant of Yonkers is a 1938 play by Thornton Wilder. ... The Matchmaker is a play by Thornton Wilder based on an 1842 play by the Austrian playwright Johann Nestroy titled Einen Jux will er sich machen. ...


Hello, Dolly! was first produced on Broadway by David Merrick in 1964, winning the Tony Award for Best Musical and nine other Tonys. It has become one of the most enduring musical theatre hits, enjoying three Broadway revivals and international success. It was also made into a 1969 film that was nominated for seven Academy Awards. Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... David Merrick (November 27, 1911 - April 25, 2000) was an American theatrical producer and director, associated with both musicals and dramas, brilliant successes and embarrassing fl ops. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... The Fantasticks is the longest-running musical in history. ... Hello, Dolly! is a 1969 film starring Barbra Streisand, Walter Matthau, and Michael Crawford. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...

Contents

Background

The plot of Hello, Dolly! originated in Einen Jux will er sich machen (He Intends to Have a Fling), an 1842 play by Austria Johann Nestroy, which was itself based on an 1835 English play, A Day Well Spent. Wilder adapted Nestroy's play into his 1938 farcical play, The Merchant of Yonkers, a flop, which he revised, expanding the role of Dolly, and retitled The Matchmaker in 1955, starring Ruth Gordon. The Matchmaker became a hit and was much revived and made into a 1958 film of the same name starring Shirley Booth. The story of a meddlesome widow who strives to bring romance to several couples and herself in a big city restaurant also features prominently in the 1891 hit musical A Trip to Chinatown.[1] Einen Jux will er sich machen is a play by Austrian playwright Johann Nestroy. ... Johann Nepomuk Eduard Ambrosius Nestroy (born December 7, 1801 at Vienna, Austria; died May 25, 1862 at Graz, Austria) was an opera singer, actor and, primarily, a playwright. ... The Matchmaker is a play by Thornton Wilder based on an 1842 play by the Austrian playwright Johann Nestroy titled Einen Jux will er sich machen. ... Ruth Gordon (October 30, 1896 – August 28, 1985) was an American actress and screenwriter who was perhaps best known for her role as the oversolicitous neighbor in Roman Polanskis adaptation of Ira Levins novel Rosemarys Baby, for which she won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Supporting... // Events February 16- In the Money is released on this date. ... Shirley Booth (August 30, 1898 – October 16, 1992) was an acclaimed American actress. ... A Trip to Chinatown is a musical comedy in three acts by Charles H. Hoyt with music by Percy Gaunt. ...


Although the part of Dolly Levi in the musical was originally written for Ethel Merman, she, unfortunately, turned it down giving Carol Channing the opportunity to create her most memorable role.[2] Director Gower Champion was not the producers' first choice, either; Hal Prince and other directors turned down the job of directing the musical.[citation needed] Hello, Dolly! had rocky out-of-town tryouts in Detroit and Washington, D.C.[3] After receiving the reviews, four songs were dropped and "Before the Parade Passes By" was added. Further work was done on the script and score.[citation needed] Hello, Dolly! was originally entitled Dolly, A Damned Exasperating Woman,[4] until Merrick heard Louis Armstrong's recording of the song and changed the name of the show. Ethel Merman (January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was a Tony Award winning star of stage and film musicals, well known for her powerful voice and vocal range. ... Gower Champion was an American theatre director, choreographer, and dancer. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a American theatrical producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical productions of the past half-century. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Settled 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Productions

The original Broadway production, directed and choreographed by Gower Champion and produced by David Merrick, opened to rave reviews[5] on January 16, 1964 at the St. James Theatre, becoming a Broadway blockbuster in the 1960s and running for 2,844 performances. It would be the second-longest running Broadway show at the time, being surpassed only by Fiddler on the Roof. The original production grossed US$27 million on Broadway.[6] The cast included Carol Channing as Dolly, David Burns as Horace, Charles Nelson Reilly as Cornelius, Eileen Brennan as Irene, Jerry Dodge as Barnaby, Sondra Lee as Minnie Fay, Alice Playten as Ermengarde, and Igors Gavon as Ambrose. Although facing stiff competition from Funny Girl with Barbra Streisand, Hello, Dolly! swept the Tony Awards that season, winning awards in ten categories (out of eleven nominations), a record that remained unbroken for 37 years until The Producers won twelve Tonys in 2001. Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... Gower Champion was an American theatre director, choreographer, and dancer. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The St. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Carol Channing, ca. ... David Burns was born on Mott Street in New York Citys Chinatown on June 22, 1902. ... Charles Nelson Reilly (born January 13, 1931) is an American actor, director and drama teacher known for his comedic roles in movies, childrens television, animated cartoons, and as a panelist on the game show Match Game. ... Eileen Brennan (born September 3, 1938 in Los Angeles, California) is an American character actress of films, television, and theatre. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Original cast album Funny Girl is a semi-biographical musical based on the life and career of Broadway and film star and comedienne Fanny Brice and her stormy relationship with entrepreneur and gambler Nicky Arnstein. ... Barbra Joan Streisand (born April 24, 1942 in Brooklyn) is an Academy Award-winning American singer, theatre and film actress, composer, liberal political activist, film producer and director. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... The 1968 film The Producers was adapted as a critically acclaimed Broadway musical by Mel Brooks in 2001. ...


After Channing left the production, Merrick kept the show playing to capacity houses by casting big name stars in the title role, including Ginger Rogers, Martha Raye, Betty Grable, Pearl Bailey (in an all-black version with Cab Calloway), Dorothy Lamour, Phyllis Diller, and Ethel Merman, for whom Herman originally wrote the show. Two songs cut prior to the opening — typical Mermanesque "belters" entitled "World, Take Me Back" and "Love, Look in My Window" — were restored for her run. Ginger Rogers (July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress and singer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Betty Grable (December 18, 1916 – July 2, 1973) was an American dancer, singer, and actress. ... Pearl Bailey in “St. ... Cab Calloway, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933 Cab Calloway (December 25, 1907–November 18, 1994) was a famous American jazz singer and bandleader. ... Dorothy Lamour (December 10, 1914 – September 22, 1996) was an American motion picture actress, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, died in Hollywood, California. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ethel Merman (January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was a Tony Award winning star of stage and film musicals, well known for her powerful voice and vocal range. ...


Hello, Dolly! was revived three times on Broadway, including an all-black production (with Bailey and Billy Daniels) in 1975 (42 performances), and two with Channing, the first in 1978 (147 performances), the second in 1995 (116 performances). It was also made into a 1969 musical film, directed by Gene Kelly and starring Barbra Streisand and Walter Matthau, that was nominated for seven Academy Awards and won three (including Best Music). Billy Daniels Billy Daniels (September 12, 1915 - October 7, 1988) was a big band vocalist and an actor, performing in musicals, films, and television. ... Hello, Dolly! is a 1969 film starring Barbra Streisand, Walter Matthau, and Michael Crawford. ... Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer. ... Barbra Joan Streisand (born April 24, 1942 in Brooklyn) is an Academy Award-winning American singer, theatre and film actress, composer, liberal political activist, film producer and director. ... Walter Matthau Walter Matthau (October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an Academy Award winning American comedy actor. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


The musical has also enjoyed international success. Mary Martin played Dolly in the West End production of Hello, Dolly!, as well as in Japan and Vietnam for a special U.S.O. performance for U.S. troops. The original German production of Hello, Dolly!, with the title character's surname "Wassiljewa" (Vasilyeva) rather than "Levi," starred Tatjana Iwanow (Tatyana Ivanov). In 1996, Mexican diva Silvia Pinal starred in the Spanish language version of the musical ¿Qué tal Dolly? ("What's Up, Dolly?") opposite Ignacio Lopez Tarso in Mexico City.[citation needed] Mary Martin photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949 Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) born in Weatherford, Texas was a Tony Award winning American star of (mainly stage) musicals. ... Silvia Pinal (12 September 1931, Guaymas, Sonora) is a Mexican actress famous for her roles in several of Luis Buñuels movies such as El Ángel exterminador and Viridiana. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ...


Synopsis

Widowed but brassy matchmaker, Dolly Gallagher Levi travels to Yonkers, New York to visit her client, grumpy Horace Vandergelder, a prominent citizen and wealthy bachelor in need of a wife to tend to himself and his home. As a widow in the 1890s, Dolly has to work, and she has sidelines as a dance and mandolin instructor, among her other talents. While at his store, she convinces Vandergelder – and his two stock clerks, Cornelius Hackl and Barnaby Tucker, his niece Ermengarde, and her beau Ambrose Kemper – to go to New York City. Dolly has decided to nab Vandergelder for herself "before the parade passes by"; she knows what to do with all his money: "Money is like manure," she theorizes. "It's not worth a thing unless it's spread about, encouraging young things to grow." This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1625 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - City  468. ...


Dolly arranges a match between the two clerks and the woman Vandergelder had been courting, a bored milliner named Irene Molloy, and her perky shop assistant, Minnie Fay. The clerks have no money, but they convince the girls that they've "got elegance". A web of complicated romantic entanglements ensues, culminating in a free-for-all at the swanky Harmonia Gardens (where Dolly makes a triumphant return) and a trip to night court. As the final curtain falls, each character is matched with his ideal partner. A milliner is a person who designs, makes, or sells womens hats. ...


Song list

Act I

  • I Put My Hand In - Dolly
  • It Takes A Woman - Horace, Cornelius, Barnaby
  • Put On Your Sunday Clothes - Cornelius, Barnaby, Dolly, Ambrose, Ermengarde, and the Ensemble
  • Ribbons Down My Back - Irene Molloy
  • Motherhood March - Dolly, Irene, Minnie, Horace,Cornelius, and Barnaby
  • Dancing - Dolly, Cornelius, Barnaby, and Irene, Minnie, and Dancers
  • Before the Parade Passes By - Dolly, Horace, and the Company

Act II

  • Elegance - Cornelius, Barnaby, Irene, Minnie
  • The Waiters' Gallop - Rudolph and the Waiters
  • Hello, Dolly! - Dolly, Rudolph and the Waiters, Cooks
  • Come and Be My Butterfly (replaced by "The Polka Contest" very early in the run) - Ambrose, Muses, Nymphs, Flowers and Butterflies
  • The Polka Contest (replaced "Come and Be My Butterfly" early in the run)- Ambrose, Ermengarde, Irene, Cornelius, Barnaby and Ensemble
  • It Only Takes a Moment - Cornelius and Minnie, Prisoners and Policeman
  • So Long, Dearie - Dolly
  • Hello, Dolly! (reprise) - Dolly and Horace
  • Finale - The Company

One of the most famous Broadway showtunes ever written, Hello, Dolly! is the title song of the popular 1964 musical Hello, Dolly!. The music and lyrics were written by Jerry Herman who also wrote the scores for many other popular musicals including Mame and La Cage aux Folles. ...

Broadway awards and nominations

  • 1964 Tony Award Best Musical (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Composer and Lyricist (Jerry Herman, winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Actress in a Musical (Carol Channing, winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Charles Nelson Reilly, nominee)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Scenic Design (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Costume Design (Freddy Wittop, winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Choreography (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Conductor and Musical Director (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Producer of a Musical (winner)
  • 1964 Tony Award Best Author of a Musical (winner)
  • 1970 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Performance (Ethel Merman, winner)
  • 1978 Tony Award Best Actor in a Musical (Eddie Bracken, nominee)
  • 1996 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical (nominee)

What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Freddy Wittop (July 26, 1911 - February 2, 2001) was a Tony Award-winning costume designer. ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ...

Cultural Influence

  • In 1964, Armstrong's recording of the song, "Hello, Dolly!", rose to #1 on the pop chart, making Armstrong, at age 63, the oldest person to ever accomplish that feat. In the process, Armstrong dislodged The Beatles from the #1 position they had occupied for 14 consecutive weeks with three different songs.
  • A French recording by Petula Clark charted in the Top Ten in both Canada and France, and her Spanish version, "¿Qué tal Dolly?", was a hit as well.
  • The title song was sung in the 1999 film Dick by actor Dan Hedaya, playing President Richard Nixon.

One of the most famous Broadway showtunes ever written, Hello, Dolly! is the title song of the popular 1964 musical Hello, Dolly!. The music and lyrics were written by Jerry Herman who also wrote the scores for many other popular musicals including Mame and La Cage aux Folles. ... The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. ... Petula Clark, CBE (born November 15, 1932), is a British singer, actress and composer of Welsh and English parentage, best known for her upbeat popular international hits of the 1960s. ... Dick is a 1999 US comedy movie directed by Andrew Fleming from the script he co-wrote with Sheryl Longin. ... Dan Hedaya Dan Hedaya is a prolific character actor who was born on July 24, 1940, in Brooklyn, New York to a Sephardic Jewish family. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Curtain Up article
  2. ^ Musicals101 article
  3. ^ Musicals101 article
  4. ^ Bloom, p. 152
  5. ^ Bovson article
  6. ^ Kantor, p. 302, "The 1960s was the decade that nurtured long-running blockbusters in unprecedented quantities: ten musicals passed the rarefied 1,000 performance mark, three of them passed the 2,000 mark (Hello, Dolly!, a Merrick smash, grossed $27 million on Broadway), and one, Fiddler on the Roof, passed the 3,000 mark, earning back $1,574 for every dollar put into it." Hello, Dolly! and Fiddler remained the longest-running Broadway record holders for almost 10 years until Grease) pushed them both down a rank.

This article is about the stage musical. ...

References

  • Bloom, Ken; Frank Vlastnik (2004-10-01). Broadway Musicals : The 101 Greatest Shows of All Time. New York, New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 152–155. ISBN 1-57912-390-2. 
  • Botto, Louis (2002-09-01). in Robert Viagas: At This Theatre. Applause Books. ISBN 1-55783-566-7. 
  • Bovsun, Mara. From 'Hello, Dolly!': Dolly Gallagher Levi. barbra-archives.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-08
  • Curtain Up article on the show and the ladies who played Dolly
  • Musicals101 article
  • Kantor, Michael; Laurence Maslon (2004). Broadway: the American musical. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. ISBN 0-8212-2905-2. 
  • Hello, Dolly! imagi-nation.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-08

shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ...

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