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Encyclopedia > Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan
View from between 47th and 48th street on Ninth Avenue looking north toward Time Warner Center and Hearst Tower
View from between 47th and 48th street on Ninth Avenue looking north toward Time Warner Center and Hearst Tower

Hell's Kitchen, also known as Clinton and Midtown West, is a neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City that includes roughly the area between 34th Street and 57th Street, from 8th Avenue to the Hudson River. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1863 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1863 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Time Warner Center and Columbus Monument. ... Hearst Tower, in September 2006 Interior of the Lobby taken from Cafe 57 Hearst Tower in New York City, New York is located at 300 West 57th Street on Eighth Avenue, near Columbus Circle. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Empire State building, dominating the skyline. ... Eighth Avenue is a north-south avenue on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and...


The neighborhood provides transportation, hospital and warehouse infrastructure support to the Midtown Manhattan business district. Its gritty reputation had depressed real estate prices relative to much of the rest of Manhattan until the early 1990s. Midtown Manhattan viewed from the World Trade Center. ...


Throughout its history, Hell's Kitchen has figured prominently in the New York City underworld, especially in Irish-American organized crime circles. Gangsters like Owney Madden, bootleggers like Bill Dwyer, and Westies leaders Jimmy Coonan and Mickey Featherstone were Hell's Kitchen natives. The rough and tumble days on the West Side figure prominently in Damon Runyon stories. Various Manhattan ethnic conflicts formed the basis of the musical and film West Side Story. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... Owney The Killer Madden (December 18, 1891-April 24, 1965) was a leading underworld figure in Manhattan, most notably his involvement in organized crime during Prohibition. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... William Vincent Dwyer, known as Big Bill Dwyer, was an early Prohibition gangster and bootlegger in New York during the 1920s. ... The Westies are a predominantly Irish American organized crime association operating from the Hells Kitchen area of Manhattans West Side in New York City. ... James Coonan (born c1947) is an Irish American mobster from New York City who lead the Westies gang during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Police mugshot of Francis Mickey Featherstone. ... Damon Runyon Damon Runyon (October 4, 1884 – December 10, 1946) was a newspaperman and writer. ... This article is about the musical. ...


Once a bastion of poor and working-class Irish-Americans, over the last three decades of the 20th century and into the new century, Hell's Kitchen has undergone tremendous gentrification as a result of its proximity to Midtown. However, this has been a long and steady process since the 1960s. The 1969 edition of the Plan for New York City book authored by the City Planning Commission stated that people of modest means were being driven from the area by development pressures due to the Midtown location. Today, a great number of actors have resided in the neighborhood thanks to its proximity to the Broadway theaters and The Actors Studio training school. Irish Americans are residents or citizens of the United States who claim Irish ancestry. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Midtown Manhattan viewed from the World Trade Center. ... The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors located in the Old Labor Stage at 432 West 44th Street in New York City. ...

Contents

Geography

New York Passenger Ship Terminal in Hell's Kitchen at 52nd Street.
New York Passenger Ship Terminal in Hell's Kitchen at 52nd Street.

There are no hard and fast rules for defining a neighborhood since neighborhoods have neither formal legal standing nor do they constitute a census designated place. For the most part the neighborhood encompasses the ZIP codes 10019 and 10036. The post office for 10019 is called Radio City Station, the original name for Rockefeller Center on Sixth Avenue. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1148x903, 78 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1148x903, 78 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... New York City Cruise Liner Teminal in Hells Kitchen at 52nd Street. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Mr. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center. ... Sixth Avenue looking south from 18th Street Sixth Avenue is a major avenue in New York Citys borough of Manhattan. ...

Chelsea is located on the West Side of Manhattan, New York City. ... Midtown Manhattan viewed from the World Trade Center. ... The Empire State building, dominating the skyline. ... Chelsea Victoria Clinton (born February 27, 1980) is the daughter and only child of former US President Bill Clinton and United States Senator Hillary Clinton. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ... For the Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey or Baltimore, Maryland, see Pennsylvania Station (Newark) or Pennsylvania Station (Baltimore). ... The Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, commonly known as the Javits Center, is a large convention center in New York City. ... For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ... Eighth Avenue is a north-south avenue on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic. ... The Garment District is the name of a neighborhood in New York City, located between Fifth and Ninth Avenues from 34th to 42nd Street. ... The Manhattan Center building, built in 1906 and located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan, houses Manhattan Center Studios (home to two recording studios), its Grand Ballroom, and the Hammerstein Ballroom, one of New York Citys most renowned performance venues. ... 34th Street Magazine is the weekly arts and entertainment magazine published by The Daily Pennsylvanian, the independent daily student newspaper of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Eighth Avenue is a north-south avenue on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic. ... Port Authority Bus Terminal at Eighth Avenue and 42nd Street The Port Authority Bus Terminal is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City. ... For the film of this name, see 42nd Street (film). ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... The original Studio 54 logo. ... Larry Thomas as the Soup Nazi Yev Kasem (a. ... Hearst Tower, in September 2006 Interior of the Lobby taken from Cafe 57 Hearst Tower in New York City, New York is located at 300 West 57th Street on Eighth Avenue, near Columbus Circle. ... The Upper West Side is a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that lies between Central Park and the Hudson River above West 59th Street. ... 57th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Time Warner Center and Columbus Monument. ... View of Columbus Circle, looking east down Central Park South from inside the Time Warner Center. ... St. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The John Jay College of Criminal Justice is a criminal justice college in New York City which has nearly 11,000 students, including traditional, pre-career undergraduate students and those pursuing master’s degrees in several disciplines. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and...

Name

Hell's Kitchen gear for sale in the Video Cafe on Ninth Avenue
Hell's Kitchen gear for sale in the Video Cafe on Ninth Avenue

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1934 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1934 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera...

Alternative names

Hell's Kitchen has stuck as the name even though real estate developers have offered alternatives of Clinton and Midtown West or even the Mid-West. The Clinton name originated in 1959 in an attempt to link the area to DeWitt Clinton Park at 52nd and 11th Avenue, named for the 19th century New York governor. DeWitt Clinton. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ...


Hell's Kitchen

Several different explanations exist for the original name. An early use of the phrase appears in a comment Davy Crockett made about another notorious Irish slum in Manhattan, Five Points. According to the Irish Cultural Society of the Garden City Area: Colonel David Crockett (August 17, 1786 – March 6, 1836) was a celebrated 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician; usually referred to as Davy Crockett and by the popular title King of the Wild Frontier. He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives, served in the... Five Points (or The Five Points) was a notorious slum centered on the intersection of Worth St. ...

When, in 1835, Davy Crockett said, "In my part of the country, when you meet an Irishman, you find a first-rate gentleman; but these are worse than savages; they are too mean to swab hell's kitchen," he was referring to the Five Points.[1]

According to an article by Kirkley Greenwell, published online by the Hell's Kitchen Neighborhood Association:

No one can pin down the exact origin of the label, but some refer to a tenement on 54th as the first "Hell's Kitchen." Another explanation points to an infamous building at 39th as the true original. A gang and a local dive took the name as well.... a similar slum also existed in London and was known as Hell's Kitchen. Whatever the origin of the name, it fit.[2]

Local historian Mary Clark adds a probably apocryphal anecdote when she states the name:

...first appeared in print on September 22, 1881 when a New York Times reporter went to the West 30s with a police guide to get details of a multiple murder there. He referred to a particularly infamous tenement at 39th Street and 10th Avenue as "Hell's Kitchen," and said that the entire section was "probably the lowest and filthiest in the city." According to this version, 39th Street between 9th and 10th Avenues became known as Hell's Kitchen and the name was later expanded to the surrounding streets. Another version ascribes the name's origins to a German restaurant in the area known as Heil's Kitchen, after its proprietors. But the most common version traces it to the story of Dutch Fred The Cop, a veteran policeman, who with his rookie partner, was watching a small riot on West 39th Street near 10th Avenue. The rookie is supposed to have said, "This place is hell itself," to which Fred replied, "Hell's a mild climate. This is Hell's Kitchen."[3]

Today, most residents of the area, and most New Yorkers in general, refer to the area as "Hell's Kitchen," with "Clinton" being the name favored by the municipality, "gentrifiers," and eager real estate agents. The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


History

Irish tenements

The beginnings of the neighborhood that would become known as Hell's Kitchen start in the mid 19th century, when immigrants from Ireland, most of whom were refugees from the Great Potato Famine, began settling on the west side of Manhattan in shantytowns along the Hudson River. Many of these immigrants found work on the docks nearby, or along the railroad which carried freight into the city along 11th avenue. Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine The Great Famine or the Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór or An Drochshaol), known more commonly outside of Ireland as the Irish Potato Famine, is the name given to a famine in Ireland between 1845 and 1849. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and...


After the American Civil War the population increased dramatically, as tenements were erected and increased immigration added to the neighborhood's congestion. Many in this poverty stricken area turned to gang life and the neighborhood soon became known as the "most dangerous area on the American Continent." At the turn of the century, the neighborhood was controlled by the violent Gopher Gang, led by the notorious Owney Madden. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Gopher Gang was an early 20th century New York street gang known for its members including Goo Goo Knox, James Biff Ellison, and Owney Madden. ... Owney The Killer Madden (December 18, 1891-April 24, 1965) was a leading underworld figure in Manhattan, most notably his involvement in organized crime during Prohibition. ...


The violence escalated during the 1920s, as Prohibition was implemented. The many warehouses in the district served as ideal breweries for the rumrunners who controlled the illicit liquor. Gradually the earlier gangs such as the Hell's Kitchen Gang were transformed into organized crime entities around the same time that Owney Madden became one of the most powerful mobsters in New York. The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... Owney The Killer Madden (December 18, 1891-April 24, 1965) was a leading underworld figure in Manhattan, most notably his involvement in organized crime during Prohibition. ... This article is about the state. ...


After the repeal of Prohibition, many of the organized crime elements moved into other rackets, such as illegal gambling and union shakedowns. The postwar era was characterized by a flourishing waterfront, and work as a longshoreman was plentiful. By the end of the 1950s, however, the implementation of containerized shipping led to the decline of the West Side piers and many longshoremen found themselves out of work. In addition, the construction of the Lincoln Tunnel had devastated much of Hell's Kitchen to the south of 39th street. The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Caravaggio, The Cardsharps, c. ... Containers in the port of Kotka (Finland) on the Baltic Sea. ... The Lincoln Tunnel is a 1. ...


West Side Story

During the 1950s, immigrants, notably Puerto Ricans, moved into the neighborhood. The conflict between the Irish, Italians and the Puerto Ricans is highlighted in the Broadway musical and movie West Side Story. The movie was filmed from 65th street and 69th street between Amsterdam and West End Avenue. Part of the sites seen are old P. S. 94 on the corner of 68th Street and Amsterdam Ave and Saint Michael's Church. The movie was filmed during the demolition of this area that was to become Lincoln Center. In 1959, an aborted rumble between rival Irish and Puerto Rican gangs led to the notorious "Capeman" murders in which two innocent teenagers were killed. West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. ... Salvador Agron, the infamous Capeman, knifed and murdered two boys in a Hells Kitchen park on August 29, 1959. ...


By 1965, Hell's Kitchen was the home base of the Westies, a deeply violent Irish-American crew aligned with the Gambino crime family. It was not until the early 1980s that widespread gentrification began to alter the demographics of the longtime working-class Irish-American neighborhood. The 1980s also saw an end to the Westies' reign of terror, when the gang lost most of its power after the RICO convictions of most of its principals in 1986. But, even though their level of violence and influence has been lowered significantly, the Irish Westies remain the most active criminal organization operating in the area. The Westies are a predominantly Irish American organized crime association operating from the Hells Kitchen area of Manhattans West Side in New York City. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... John Gotti, The Dapper Don The Gambino Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities based in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO) is a United States federal law which provides for extended penalties for criminal acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. ...


Today Hell's Kitchen is a mixed neighborhood of Irish, Italians, and Germans as well as artists, hipsters, and an increasing number of lesbians and gays. [citation needed]. The word hipster is usually applied to middle class and upper class young people of North America and Europe and also in few cities of Latin America and Asia. ...


Special Clinton district

Windermere Apartment at 57th and Ninth
Windermere Apartment at 57th and Ninth

Although the neighborhood is immediately west of New York's main business district, development lagged for more than 30 years because of strict zoning rules called the Special Clinton District designed to protect the neighborhood's low rise character. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 346 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 346 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera...


When the third incarnation of Madison Square Garden at 50th and Eighth Avenue was torn down in 1968, New York developed a master plan calling for two to three thousand hotel rooms, 25,000 apartments, 25 million square feet of office space and a new super liner terminal in the neighborhood which it described as "blocks of antiquated and deteriorating structures of every sort." During this time a proposal was made to build the world's tallest building on the Madison Square Garden site and a massive convention center at 44th Street and the Hudson River. Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ...


Residents organized to fight the developments. In October, 1974 the Planning Commission approved the establishment of the Special Clinton District and Mayor Ed Koch moved the Jacob Javits Convention Center to 33rd and the Hudson River. Edward Irving Koch (born December 12, 1924; pronounced to rhyme with Scotch) was a United States Congressman from 1969 to 1977 and the Mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989. ... The Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, commonly known as the Javits Center, is a large convention center in New York City. ...


The District severely restricted development in the neighborhood for more than 20 years. The world's tallest building was not to rise and its Madison Square site was to remain a parking lot until 1989.

Eighth Avenue used to be lined with porn stores and theaters. The stores are mostly gone now but this particular store was highlighted in the 2003 film, Phone Booth. Worldwide Plaza is in the background.
Eighth Avenue used to be lined with porn stores and theaters. The stores are mostly gone now but this particular store was highlighted in the 2003 film, Phone Booth. Worldwide Plaza is in the background.

Provisions of the District: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1349 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1349 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Phone Booth is a 2003 morality thriller about a man who is trapped in a telephone booth by a sniper. ...


The SCD was originally split into four areas:

  • Preservation Area: 43rd to 56th Streets between 8th and 10th Avenues. R-7 density, 6-story height limit on new buildings, suggested average apartment size of two bedrooms. (This was a response to the fact that between 1960 and 1970 developers had torn down 2,300 family-sized units and replaced them with 1,500 smaller units.)
  • Perimeter Area: 8th Avenue, 42nd and 57th Streets. Bulkier development permitted to counterbalance the downzoning in the preservation area.
  • Mixed Use Area: 10th and 11th Avenues between 43rd and 50th Streets. Mixed residential and manufacturing. New residential development only permitted in conjunction with manufacturing areas.
  • Other Areas: West of 11th Avenue. Industrial and waterfront uses.

The mixed use area and other area are now combined into "Other areas."


Building height in the Preservation Area cannot exceed 66 feet or seven stories, whichever is less.


Special permits are required for all demolition and construction in the SCD, including demolition of "any sound housing in the District" and any rehabilitation that increases the number of dwellings in a structure. New developments, conversions or alterations which create new units or zero bedroom units are required to contain at least 20% two bedroom apartments with a minimum room size of 168 square feet (16 m²). Alterations which reduce the percentage of two bedroom units are not permitted unless the resulting building meets the 20% two bedroom requirement.


In the original provisions no building could be demolished unless it was found to be unsound.


Windermere

As gentrification pace increased, there were numerous reports of problems between landlords and tenants. The most extreme example was the eight story Windermere complex at the southwest corner of Ninth Avenue and 57th Street -- two blocks from Central Park.[1]


Built in 1881, it is the second-oldest large apartment house in Manhattan. All the major New York newspapers covered the trials that sent the Windermere's managers to jail. According to former tenants and court papers, rooms were ransacked, doors were ripped out, prostitutes were moved in and tenants received death threats in the campaign to empty the building. Its landlord Alan B. Weissman made top billing in the 1985 edition of The Village Voice annual list, "The Dirty Dozen: New York's Worst Landlords, surpassed only by Traill." He too was never convicted of anything. For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... The Village Voice is a New York City-based weekly newspaper featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ...


Most of the tenants eventually settled and moved out of the building. However, as of May 2006, 6 tenants remain -- with only one paying rent. Court orders have protected the tenants and the building has been allowed to remain in derelict condition even as the neighborhood had gentrified.


September 11th

Memorial to 15 firefighters from West 48th Street station who perished on September 11, 2001
Memorial to 15 firefighters from West 48th Street station who perished on September 11, 2001

While almost all fire stations in Manhattan lost fighters in the September 11 terrorist attacks, the hardest hit station was Engine 54, Ladder 4, Battalion 9 at 48th Street and Eighth Avenue which lost 15 firefighters. Given its proximity to Midtown, the station had specialized in skyscraper fires and rescues and is reputed to be the busiest station of any in all of New York City. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 341 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 341 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


Its patch reads "Pride of Midtown" and "Never Missed a Performance." Memorials dot the station's exterior walls and a granite memorial is in a park to its north.


Developer Larry Silverstein made part of his fortune that eventually earned him the lease for the World Trade Center by building and managing buildings in the neighborhood. Silverstein's architect David Childs who is designing the Freedom Tower designed the Time Warner Center and Worldwide Plaza buildings in the neighborhood. Signature features of those towers are slated for the Freedom Tower. 7 World Trade Center Larry A. Silverstein (born 1932 in Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, New York) is a Jewish American billionaire real estate investor and operator and the head of Silverstein Properties, a real estate development group. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Proposed Freedom Tower 383 Madison at night David M. Childs (born 1941 Princeton, New Jersey) is the Consulting Design Partner at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill who has projects all over the world and now is designing the Freedom Tower in New York. ... For the building in Miami, Florida of the same name, see Freedom Tower (Miami). ... Time Warner Center and Columbus Monument. ... Facing East towards Worldwide Plaza Built in 1989, One Worldwide Plaza is part of a three-building, mixed-use commercial and residential complex located in the New York City borough of Manhattan, known collectively as Worldwide Plaza. ...


Boom times

Developers have constantly attempted to chip away at the zoning rules.


The David Childs designed Worldwide Plaza established a beach head when it was built in 1989 at the Madison Square site between 49th and 50th Streets and between Eighth and Ninth Avenues. Proposed Freedom Tower 383 Madison at night David M. Childs (born 1941 Princeton, New Jersey) is the Consulting Design Partner at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill who has projects all over the world and now is designing the Freedom Tower in New York. ... Facing East towards Worldwide Plaza Built in 1989, One Worldwide Plaza is part of a three-building, mixed-use commercial and residential complex located in the New York City borough of Manhattan, known collectively as Worldwide Plaza. ...


The City under Michael Bloomberg relaxed zoning rules all over the city in the wake of the September 11 attacks. This led to a real estate building boom with Hell's Kitchen getting some of the biggest projects in the city including the Hearst Tower at 56th Street at Eighth Avenue. Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... Hearst Tower, in September 2006 Interior of the Lobby taken from Cafe 57 Hearst Tower in New York City, New York is located at 300 West 57th Street on Eighth Avenue, near Columbus Circle. ...


An indication of how fast the neighborhood became hot was a 2004 transaction involving the Howard Johnson's Motel at 52nd and Eighth Avenue. In June Vikram Chatwal’s Hampshire Hotel Group bought the motel and adjoining SIR (Studio Instrument Rental) building for $9 million. In August they sold the property to ElAd Properties for about $43 million. Elad, which owns Plaza Hotel, is in the process of building The Link, a luxury 44-story building. The current logo for Howard Johnsons motor lodges. ... El-Ad Properties is a real estate developer based in New York City, with extensive holdings in the United States, primarily New York City. ... The Plaza Hotel in New York City is a landmark 19-story luxury hotel with a height of 250 feet (76 m) and length of 400 feet that (122 m) occupies the west side of Grand Army Plaza, from which it derives its name, and extends along Central Park South...


Actors' neighborhood

Manhattan Plaza performing artist residence and Film Center Cafe on Ninth Avenue, looking south.
Manhattan Plaza performing artist residence and Film Center Cafe on Ninth Avenue, looking south.

Hell's Kitchen's gritty reputation has meant that housing prices there tended to be cheaper than elsewhere in Manhattan. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1828 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Manhattan Plaza Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1828 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Manhattan Plaza Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the...


Given the lower costs and its proximity to Broadway theaters, the neighborhood is a haven for aspiring actors. Many famous actors and entertainers have resided there, ranging from Bob Hope and James Dean to Jerry Seinfeld, Madonna, John Michael Bolger and Sylvester Stallone. This is due in large part to the Actors Studio on West 44th, which rose to prominence under Lee Strasberg and is famed for its method acting style used by such actors as Marilyn Monroe and James Gandolfini. Marlon Brando was actually a student of the Stella Adler Conservatory which is now located on West 27th. Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... For the film, see James Dean (film). ... This article is about the comedian. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Sylvester Stallone (born Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone on July 6, 1946) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights located in the Old Labor Stage at 432 West 44th Street in the Hells Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. ... Lee Strasberg (November 17, 1901 – February 17, 1982) was an American director, actor, producer, and acting teacher. ... Method acting is an acting technique in which actors try to replicate real life emotional conditions under which the character operates, in an effort to create a life-like, realistic performance. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe award winning Jewish-American actress, model and sex symbol. ... James R. Gandolfini (born September 18, 1961) is a three-time Emmy award winning American actor known for multifaceted portrayals of conscientious yet often inherently sinister characters. ...


Manhattan Plaza at 42nd Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues was built in the 1970s to house artists. It consists of two 46-story towers with 70 percent of the apartments set aside for performing artists. The Actors Temple and Saint Malachy's Roman Catholic Church with its Actors' Chapel also testify to the long-time presence of show business people. Manhattan Plaza is a large residential complex in midtown Manhattan, New York City. ... The Actors Temple, officially named Congregation Ezrath Israel, is a synagogue founded in 1917 in the Hells Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. ... Saint Malachys Roman Catholic Church is in Manhattan on West 49th Street, between Broadway and Eighth Avenue. ...


The neighborhood is also home to a number of broadcast and music-recording studios, including the CBS Broadcast Center at 524 West 57th Street (also the home of Black Entertainment Television's 106 & Park show), Sony Music Studios at 460 West 54th Street, Manhattan Center Studios at 311 West 34th Street, and Right Track Recording's Studio A509 orchestral recording facility at West 38th Street and 10th Avenue. The syndicated Montel Williams show is also taped locally at the Unitel Studios, 433 W. 53rd Street, between Ninth and Tenth Avenues. AV8 records is housed in the film center building. The CBS Broadcast Center is a television and radio production facility located in New York City. ... Black Entertainment Television is an American cable network based in Washington, D.C. targeted toward African-American and urban audiences in the United States. ... 106 & Park: BETs Top 10 Live is a top-ten video countdown that has airs weekdays on BET. It is the networks #1 rated show. ... Sony Music Studios is a well-known music recording and mastering facility in New York City. ... The Manhattan Center building, built in 1906 and located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan, houses Manhattan Center Studios (home to two recording studios), its Grand Ballroom, and the Hammerstein Ballroom, one of New York Citys most renowned performance venues. ... // Right Track Recording Studio A509 Right Track Recording is a four-studio state of the art Recording Studio located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan. ... Montel Brian Anthony Williams (born July 3, 1956 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an American television talk show host. ...


Comedy Central's satirical program The Daily Show with Jon Stewart is also taped in Hell's Kitchen — in the middle of the decade trading one local studio for another. In the summer of 2005, it moved from its quarters at 54th Street and 10th Avenue to a new studio in the neighborhood, at 733 11th Avenue, between 51st and 52nd Streets. The old location at 54th and 10th is now home to The Colbert Report. Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... Stephen Colbert and Jon Stewart on the set of The Daily Show The Daily Show (currently The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, also known as TDS to fans and staffers) is a half-hour satirical fake news program produced by and run on the Comedy Central cable television network in... The Colbert Report (IPA ) is an American satirical television program that airs from 11:30 p. ...


The headquarters of Troma studios is located in Hell's Kitchen. Troma is a film production and distribution company founded by Lloyd Kaufman and Michael Herz in 1974. ...


The Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre opened on Ninth Avenue in 2006. Alvin Ailey, Jr. ...


The Clinton Community Garden is a result of the actors living in the area. Since they mostly work at night in the local theatres, they took time to create a garden in a rubble-strewn lot. Eventually it became a selling point for gentrification, providing real estate agents with another selling point. In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ...


Transportation center

Port Authority Bus Terminal at 42nd and Eighth Avenue
Port Authority Bus Terminal at 42nd and Eighth Avenue

About every conceivable form of transportation, including horses, ocean going ships, and airplanes, has some form of infrastructure in the neighborhood. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1568 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Port Authority Bus Terminal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1568 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Port Authority Bus Terminal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added...

  • Automobiles - The Lincoln Tunnel connects New York City to New Jersey. Parking lots dot the neighborhood. Eleventh Avenue is lined with car dealerships, many of which claim to have the highest volume among all dealerships for their brands in the country.
  • Buses - The massive Port Authority Bus Terminal is between 40th and 42nd Streets and 8th and 9th Avenues.
  • Horses - Many of the horse drawn carriages from Central Park stay in stables just off the West Side Highway. It is not uncommon to hear the clip clop of horses in the neighborhood. There have also been calls for banning horses following collisions between horses and cars.
  • Planes - An assortment of planes including the Concorde and SR-71 Blackbird are on display at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum.
  • Ships - Cruise ships, including the RMS Queen Mary 2 and Freedom of the Seas continuously dock at the New York Passenger Ship Terminal in the 48th to 52nd piers called Piers 88, 90, 92. The SS Normandie caught fire and sank its Pier 88 berth during World War II. Cruise ship horns are a common sound in the neighborhood. Several French restaurants opened on West 51st Street to accommodate traffic from the French Line. The piers originally built in 1930 are now considered small and so the city is considering sending cruise traffic to other locations. In addition to the passenger ships, the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum features the USS Intrepid (CV-11) Aircraft Carrier as well as an assortment of submarines and destroyers. Other ship operations in the neighborhood include the Circle Line at West 42nd and the New York Waterway ferry service.
  • Trains - Hell's Kitchen begins just northwest of Penn Station. Amtrak trains going into the station run along a sunken corridor just west of 11th Avenue. It is not uncommon to hear their train whistles in the neighborhood. During the post-9/11 building boom, apartment houses have been built over sections of the train tracks. It is bounded on its eastern-most border by the Eighth Avenue subway line, which here is the westernmost NYC subway line. The MTA is planning to extend the Flushing Line west from its current terminus at Times Square by two stops, at 41st Street and 10th Avenue, and at 34th and 11th.

The Lincoln Tunnel is a 1. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Eleventh Avenue / West End Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the far West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, not far from the Hudson River. ... Port Authority Bus Terminal at Eighth Avenue and 42nd Street The Port Authority Bus Terminal is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... The last elevated portion of the West Side Highway by Trump Place apartment complex The West Side Highway (officially the Joe DiMaggio Highway, formerly the Miller Highway) is a mostly-surface section of New York State Route 9A (NY 9A) that runs from West 72nd Street along the Hudson River... For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... SR-71 redirects here. ... The deck of USS Intrepid The USS Intrepid The Entrance to the Sea-Air-Space Museum The Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum is a museum in New York City located at Pier 86 on the West Side of Manhattan. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... The RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) is a Cunard Line ocean liner named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Mary, which was in turn named after Mary of Teck, the Queen Consort of George V. At the time of her construction in 2003, the QM2 was the longest, widest and... Freedom of the Seas is a Royal Caribbean cruise ship, scheduled to launch in June of 2006. ... New York City Cruise Liner Teminal in Hells Kitchen at 52nd Street. ... The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire France for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The poster Normandie (1935) is one of Cassandres most famous designs The Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (shortened to and commonly named Transat), known overseas as the French Line, was a shipping company established in 1861 as an attempt to revive the French merchant marine, the poor state of... The deck of USS Intrepid The USS Intrepid The Entrance to the Sea-Air-Space Museum The Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum is a museum in New York City located at Pier 86 on the West Side of Manhattan. ... This article is about the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid. ... The Circle Line operates ferry and sightseeing boats (one of the tours offered includes a three and a half hour trip around Manhattan island)in Greater New York City. ... NY Waterway is a private ferry system that provides commuter service and tourist excursions in New York Harbor, with service between several points in Manhattan and New Jersey, including Hoboken Terminal. ... For the Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey or Baltimore, Maryland, see Pennsylvania Station (Newark) or Pennsylvania Station (Baltimore). ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Eleventh Avenue / West End Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the far West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, not far from the Hudson River. ... A 1941 view of a sign for the Eighth Avenue Subway The Eighth Avenue Line is the original rapid transit line of the Independent Subway System (IND), now run by the New York City Transit Authority as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the State of New York. ... Services that use the IRT Flushing Line through midtown have been colored purple since 1979. ...

Food diversity

Restaurant Row on West 46th Street
Restaurant Row on West 46th Street

Ninth Avenue is noted for its many ethnic restaurants. The Ninth Avenue Association's International Food Festival, stretches through the Kitchen from 37th to 57th Streets every May, usually on the third weekend of the month. It has been going on since 1974 and is one of the oldest street fairs in the city. In addition to the usual American, Caribbean, Chinese, French, German, Greek, Italian, Irish, Mexican and Thai restaurants, there are multiple Afghan, Argentine, Ethiopian, Peruvian, Turkish, and Vietnamese restaurants. Restaurant Row is located on West 46th Street between Eighth and Ninth Avenues. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2436 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2436 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Restaurant Row is a street in New York City, New York. ...


Famous natives and residents

Natives and famous residents: past and present

Peter H Gilmore. ... Satanism Associated organizations The Church of Satan First Satanic Church Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Might is Right Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch... Satanism Associated organizations The Church of Satan First Satanic Church Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Might is Right Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch... Satanism Associated organizations The Church of Satan First Satanic Church Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Might is Right Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch... 1869 Tobacco label featuring Boss Tweed. ... James Walter Braddock (June 7, 1906 – November 29, 1974) was a champion boxer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ... For other uses, see Chevy Chase (disambiguation). ... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ... Raft in They Drive by Night George Raft (September 26, 1895 - November 24, 1980) was an American film actor most closely identified with his portrayals of gangsters in crime melodramas of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Image:Tony Orlando main. ... Brian Patrick Mullen (born March 16, 1962 in New York City, New York) is a former professional ice hockey player who spent eleven seasons in the NHL playing for the Winnipeg Jets, New York Rangers, San Jose Sharks, and New York Islanders. ... Joseph Joe Mullen (born February 26, 1957) is a former ice hockey player in the National Hockey League who played for more than 16 seasons with the St. ... Robert De Niro in 1988 Robert De Niro (born August 17, 1943) is a two-time Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American film actor, director, and producer. ... Stephen Blackehart (born 1 December 1967 in New York City) is an American actor and producer from Hells Kitchen, New York. ... Joakim Noah (pronunciation: JO-a-kim;[3] born February 25, 1985 in New York, New York) is a basketball player for the Chicago Bulls. ... Sylvester Stallone (born Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone on July 6, 1946) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... Lisa Lisa (born Lisa Velez on January 15, 1967) and her band Cult Jam were one of the original Freestyle groups of the 1980s. ... Lisa Lisa (born Lisa Velez in 1965) and her band Cult Jam were one of the original Freestyle groups of the 1980s. ... Alicia Keys (born Alicia J. Augello-Cook on January 25, 1980[1][2]) is an American R&B and soul singer, songwriter, pianist, record producer, actress, philanthropist, and author who has sold over twenty million albums worldwide and has won numerous awards, including nine Grammy Awards, eleven Billboard Music Awards... James Francis Cagney, Jr. ... A section of Yorkville as seen from a high rise on Second Avenue and 87th Street Yorkville is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side of the borough of Manhattan in the city of New York City. ... David Blaine (born David Blaine White on April 4, 1973 in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.) is an American illusionist and stunt performer. ... James Gunn James Gunn (born August 5, 1970, Saint Louis, Missouri) is an American writer, film maker, actor, musician and cartoonist. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the comic book writer and artist. ... Lewis Niles Black (born August 30, 1948) is a Grammy Award-winning American stand-up comedian, author, playwright, and actor. ... Joshua Michael Peck (November 10, 1986) is an American actor and comedian. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... Paul Cavonis (born December 4, 1937) is an actor who has appeared in over 30 movies and television series. ... Stephan Douglas Jenkins (born on September 27, 1964 in Oakland, California, USA), attended Henry M. Gunn Senior High School, is best known as the lead singer, songwriter , guitarist for [[Third Eye Blind]. Under Jenkins leadership, Third Eye Blind has sold over eight million copies of their three albums Third Eye... Third Eye Blind (frequently abbreviated 3eb) is a rock band formed in the early 1990s in San Francisco. ... Lawrence Gene Larry David (born July 2, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York) is an Emmy-winning actor, writer, comedian, producer and film director. ... Kenny Kramer Kenny Kramer was the basis for the character of Cosmo Kramer in the sitcom Seinfeld. ... Cosmo Kramer is a fictional character on the American television sitcom Seinfeld (1989–1998), played by Michael Richards. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989 to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American two-time Academy Award-winning film actor, Emmy-winning director, voice-over artist and movie producer. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Mole People is a term used to refer to the unknown number of homeless people purported to live under New York City in abandoned subway tunnels. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Dark Days is a documentary made by Marc Singer, a British filmmaker. ... Jennifer Toth is a U.S. journalist. ... Timothy Alan Patrick Rose (September 23, 1940 – September 24, 2002) was an American singer-songwriter. ... Typhoid Mary in a 1909 newspaper illustration Mary Mallon (September 23, 1869 – November 11, 1938), also known as Typhoid Mary, was the first person in the United States to be identified as a healthy carrier of typhoid fever. ... John Reed (b. ...

Hell's Kitchen mobsters

William Vincent Dwyer, known as Big Bill Dwyer, was an early Prohibition gangster and bootlegger in New York during the 1920s. ... Owney The Killer Madden (December 18, 1891-April 24, 1965) was a leading underworld figure in Manhattan, most notably his involvement in organized crime during Prohibition. ... Vincent Mad Dog Coll (July 20, 1908—February 7, 1932) was an Irish enforcer for the mafia in early 20th-century New York City. ... Eddie McGrath (born January 31, 1906) was an Irish-American gangster from New York City, who controlled the Hells Kitchen Irish Mob and the lucrative waterfront throughout the 1940s. ... Michael Spillane much better known as Mickey Spillane (1934-1977) was an Irish-American mobster from Hells Kitchen, New York. ... Eddie The Butcher Cummiskey (d. ... Tom Devaney (d. ... James Coonan (born c1947) is an Irish American mobster from New York City who lead the Westies gang during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Police mugshot of Francis Mickey Featherstone. ... Bosco or Bosko “The Yugo” Radonjich was a Serbian-born freedom fighter, operative for the Central Intelligence Agency and later leader of the Westies, a predominantly Irish-American gang based in New Yorks Hells Kitchen. ...

In popular culture

Popular culture references to Hell's Kitchen tend to play up the rougher aspects of the neighborhood: Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... State of Grace is an American neo-noir[1] crime film released in 1990. ... Sleepers (1996) is a dramatic movie based on Lorenzo Carcaterras novel of the same name. ... Movie poster for All Over Me All Over Me is a 1997 film directed by Alex Sichel and written by sister Sylvia Sichel. ... Bringing Out the Dead is a film released in 1999. ... In America is a 2002 film directed by Jim Sheridan, and co-written by Sheridan and his daughters Naomi and Kirsten. ... This article is about the 2007 NBC Television Program. ... The Warriors is a 1979 film directed by Walter Hill and based on the 1965 novel by Sol Yurick. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Progressive metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Dream Theater is an American progressive metal band comprising James LaBrie, John Petrucci, Jordan Rudess, John Myung, and Mike Portnoy. ... Falling into Infinity is the fourth full-length studio album by progressive metal band Dream Theater, released in 1997. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... Lightning Strikes is a song by American hard rock band Aerosmith. ... Devils Got a New Disguise was a 2006 single by Aerosmith that was the self title track of their complication album Devils Got a New Disguise. ... The Cult is an English rock band. ... Ayn Rand (IPA: , February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982), born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum (Russian: ), was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher,[1] known for creating a philosophy she named Objectivism and for writing the novels We the Living, The Fountainhead, Atlas Shrugged and the... For the film, see The Fountainhead (film). ... Gail Wynand is a major character in Ayn Rands novel The Fountainhead. ... Bret Easton Ellis (born March 7, 1964 in Los Angeles, California) is an American author. ... For other uses, see American Psycho (disambiguation). ... Christian Bale as Patrick Bateman Patrick Bateman is a fictional character, the protagonist and narrator of the novel American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis and its film adaptation. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... For other uses, see Daredevil (comics). ... This article is about the Marvel Comics character. ... For the French hip hop artist, see Nikkfurie. ... The Kingpin and Daredevil. ... Omega the Unknown was both an American comic book published by Marvel Comics from 1976-1977 and the titular character of that comic book. ... This article is about the video game. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... Max Payne is a third-person shooter computer game developed by the Finnish company Remedy Entertainment, produced by 3D Realms and published by Gathering of Developers in July, 2001 for Windows. ...

References

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3278 words)
Hell's Kitchen (also known as Clinton and Midtown West) is a neighborhood of New York City that includes roughly the area between 34th Street and 57th Street, from 8th Avenue to the Hudson River.
Manhattan Plaza at 42nd Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues was built in the 1970s to house the artists.
Singer and Actress Lisa Velez is a Hell's Kitchen native.
Hell's Kitchen neighborhood pictures and history (437 words)
While Hell's Kitchen is no longer descriptive of the community which incudes the popular restaurant row and modern WorldWide Plaza it is a colorful moniker for an historic and evolving neighborhood.
The Hell's Kitchen neighborhood which lies west of Midtown between 30th and 59th street has been home to a variety of residents.
Nowadays Hells' Kitchen's diverse immigrant heritage has led to some great ethnic cuisine and the hardships of the past have created a strong neighborhood community.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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