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Encyclopedia > Hecataeus of Abdera

Hecataeus of Abdera (or of Teos), Greek historian and Sceptic philosopher, flourished in the 4th century BC. He accompanied Ptolemy I Soter in an expedition to Syria, and sailed up the Nile with him as far as Thebes (Diogenes Laertius ix. 6I). The result of his travels was set down by him in two works, Aegyptiaca and On the Hyperboreans, which were used by Diodorus Siculus. According to the Suda, he also wrote a treatise on the poetry of Hesiod and Homer. Regarding his authorship of a work on the Jews (utilized by Josephus in Contra Apionem), it is conjectured that portions of the Aegyptiaca were revised by a Hellenistic Jew from his point of view and published as a special work. Abdera, was a town on the coast of Thrace near the mouth of the Nestos, and almost opposite Thasos. ... Teos (or Teo), a maritime city of Ionia, on a peninsula between Chytrium and Myonnesus. ... An historian is someone who writes history, a written accounting of the past. ... Skepticism (Commonwealth spelling: Scepticism) can mean: Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have absolutely true knowledge; or Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 4th century BC started on January 1, 400 BC and ended on December 31, 301 BC. // Overview Events Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... Silver coin depicting Ptolemy I (r. ... The Nile (Arabic: ‎, translit: , Ancient Egyptian iteru, Coptic piaro or phiaro) is a major north-flowing river in Africa, generally regarded as the longest river, though not the most voluminous, in the world. ... For the ancient capital of Boeotia, see Thebes, Greece. ... Diogenes Laërtius, the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laerte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii. ... Diodorus Siculus (c. ... Suda (Σουδα or alternatively Suidas) is a massive 10th century Byzantine Greek historical encyclopædia of the ancient Mediterranean world. ... Bust, traditionally thought to be Seneca, now identified by some as Hesiod. ... Homer (Greek: , HómÄ“ros) was a legendary early Greek poet and aoidos (rhapsode) traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. ... A representation of Flavius Josephus, a woodcutting in John C. Winstons translation of his works Josephus (37 – shortly after 100 AD/CE)[1], who became known, in his capacity as a Roman citizen, as Flavius Josephus[2], was a 1st-century Jewish historian and apologist of priestly and royal... Against Apion was a work written by Flavius Josephus as a defense of Judaism as a classical religion and philosophy, stressing its antiquity against the relatively more recent traditions of the Greeks. ...

Fragments in C. W. Muller's Fragmenta historicorum Graecorum.


  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • "The Messenger of God in Hecataeus of Abdera", Francis R. Walton, The Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 48, #4 (Oct., 1955), p.255-257.
  • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, edited by William Smith (1890)

  Results from FactBites:
Hecataeus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (682 words)
Hecataeus was one of the first classical writers to mention the Celtic people.
Hecataeus described the countries and inhabitants of the known world, the account of Egypt being particularly comprehensive; the descriptive matter was accompanied by a map, based upon Anaximander’s map of the earth, which he corrected and enlarged.
The other known work of Hecataeus was the Genealogiai, a rationally systematized account of the traditions and mythology of the Greeks, a break with the epic myth-making tradition, which survives in a few fragments, just enough to show what we are missing.
Abdera, Thrace - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (316 words)
Abdera was a town on the coast of Thrace 17 km ENE of the mouth of the Nestos, and almost opposite Thasos.
The air of Abdera was proverbial in Athens as causing stupidity; but among its citizens was the philosopher Democritus, Protagoras and Hecataeus of Abdera historian and Skeptic philosopher.
Abdera is a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church in the province of Rhodope on the southern coast of Thrace, now called Bouloustra.
  More results at FactBites »



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