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Encyclopedia > Hebe de Bonafini

Hebe de Bonafini was born in Argentina in 1928. She was raised in La Plata in the Buenos Aires Province and attended school through the eighth grade. She married, worked as a seamstress, and raised three children. Her oldest son, Jorge Bonafini, disappeared in 1977, followed by another son. 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... La Plata is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the largest, wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...

Bonafini was one of the founders of the Association of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, a protest organization of Argentine mothers who lost their children during the Dirty War, the persecution and suppression of dissident groups by the military regime that ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1983. As president of the Mothers Association since 1979, Bonafini has spoken out in defense of her conception of human rights, both in Argentina and abroad, gaining international recognition; she received the UNESCO Prize for Peace Education in 1999. The white shawl of the Mothers, painted on the floor in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. ... The term dirty war generally refers to a program of state terrorism in response to perceived left-wing subversion that is claimed to threaten a countrys stability. ... Augusto Pinochet (sitting) was an army general who led a military coup in Chile in 1973. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Following the return to democratically elected government in 1983, Bonafini demanded an immediate accounting of all of the desaparecidos (people subject to forced disappearance, like her sons). Desaparecidos means literally the disappeared in Spanish, and is a reference to people who were arrested, often illegally, by various South American military governments and then vanished. ... A forced disappearance occurs when an organization forces a person to vanish from public view, either by murder or by simple sequestration. ...

The Mothers Association split in 1986, and Bonafini has generally been identified with the more radical faction, choosing to justify the violent methods undertaken by some dissident groups during the last dictatorship. In 2001, she generated controversy by defending the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States as "anti-imperialist". In her own words: 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... A huge plume of smoke and fire is seen coming from the North Tower. ... Imperialism is a policy of extending control or authority over foreign entities as a means of acquisition and/or maintenance of empires, either through direct territorial conquest or settlement, or through indirect methods of exerting control on the politics and/or economy of other countries. ...

"When the attack happened I was in Cuba, visiting my daughter, and I felt happiness. It didn't hurt me at all, because, as I always say in my speeches, our dead children will be avenged the day when people, any people, are happy."

In 2005 she also generated controversy by saying Pope John Paul II was a "swine", during the period of illness that preceded his death. She also said she was satisfied he would soon "rot in hell" ([1], in spanish). 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from October 16, 1978 until his death, making his the second-longest pontificate. ...

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