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Encyclopedia > Health food

Healthful eating is the act of following a balanced nutritional diet. Because our ideas of what counts as "healthful" change according to scientific advances in the field of nutrition, along with personal and cultural considerations, accepted standards of healthful eating differ from person to person and through history. Nutrition is interpreted as the study of the organic process by which an organism assimilates and uses food and liquids for normal functioning, growth and maintenance and to maintain the balance between health and disease. ... In nutrition, the diet is the sum of the food consumed by a body. ...

Many governments and other organisations provide nutritional advice and launch schemes in order to promote healthful eating. Diets which lead to obesity (being severely overweight), diabetes, and other medical conditions are a severe drain of resources for national health providers and on businesses due to reduced productivity in staff. Obesity is an excess storage of fat and can affect any mammal, such as the mouse on the left. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ...

A recent health campaign by the British government has attempted to impress the need to eat lots of fruit and vegetables using the slogan "5 a day". Adverts have given examples of what a portion of fruit or vegetables amounts to, and how 5 or more portions can be incorporated into one's diet. The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ...

Governments also put pressure on businesses to promote healthful food options, and regularly consider measures such as banning the advertising of fast food or taxing foods which are high in fat. Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... In biochemistry, fat is a generic term for a class of lipids. ...

See also

This Food Pyramid diagram can be found on much of the food packaging in the United States The food guide pyramid, informally known as the food pyramid, is a nutrition guide created by the USDA. Released in 1992, it suggests how much of each food category one should eat each... The healthy eating pyramid is a nutrition guide developed by the Harvard School of Public Health, suggesting how much of each food category one should eat each day. ... Orthorexia, or orthorexia nervosa in full, is closely related to the disorder anorexia nervosa. ...

External links

  • Mediterranean and Asian diet for healthy living (http://www.mediterrasian.com)

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