Hazelwood School District is a school district covering a large portion of north St. Louis County, Missouri, including (portions of) the cities of Florissant, Hazelwood, Black Jack, Spanish Lake, Ferguson, Bellefontaine Neighbors, and Bridgeton. Image File history File links Hsd-logo. ... Image File history File links Hsd-logo. ... Image File history File links HSD_district_map. ... Image File history File links HSD_district_map. ... St. ... Florissant is a city located in St. ... Hazelwood is a city located in St. ... Spanish Lake is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. ... Ferguson is a city located in St. ... Bellefontaine Neighbors is a city located in St. ... Bridgeton is a northwest suburb of St. ...
An alumnus of Hazelwood Central High School is WWE superstar Randy Orton as well as famed actress, and wife to Steven Spielberg, Kate Capshaw. World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE, is a professional wrestling promotion, currently the largest in North America. ... Randal Randy Keith Orton (born April 1, 1980), is an American professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment wrestling on its RAW brand. ...
The Hazelwood School District was involved in a landmark Supreme Court case in 1988 which ruled that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection than independent student expression or newspapers established (by policy or practice) as forums for student expression. Hazelwood School District et al. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term public school has different (and in some cases contradictory) meanings due to regional differences. ... Forum is a United States constitutional law term that describes a government-owned property which is open to public expression and assembly. ... For other uses, see First Amendment (disambiguation). ...
The district contains 20 elementary schools, 3 middle schools, and 3 high schools.
School facilities may be deemed to be public forums  only if school authorities have by policy or by practice opened the facilities for indiscriminate use by the general public, or by some segment of the public, such as student organizations.
Petitioners are the HazelwoodSchoolDistrict in St. Louis County, Missouri; various school officials; Robert Eugene Reynolds, the principal of Hazelwood East High School; and Howard Emerson, a teacher in the schooldistrict.
School officials were entitled to censor the articles on the ground that  they invaded the rights of others, according to the court, only if publication of the articles could have resulted in tort liability to the school.
School officials did not evince either "by policy or by practice," any intent to open the pages of Spectrum to "indiscriminate use," by its student reporters and editors, or by the student body generally.
A school must be able to set high standards for the student speech that is disseminated under its auspices -- standards that may be higher than those demanded by some newspaper publishers or theatrical producers in the "real" world -- and may refuse to disseminate student speech that does not meet those standards.
In addition, a school must be able to take into account the emotional maturity of the intended audience in determining whether to disseminate student speech on potentially sensitive topics, which might range from the existence of Santa Claus in an elementary school setting to the particulars of teenage sexual activity in a high school setting.
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