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Encyclopedia > Hawai'i
State of Hawaii
Moku‘āina ‘o Hawai‘i
(Flag of Hawaii) (Seal of Hawaii)
State nickname: The Aloha State
Other U.S. States
Capital Honolulu
Largest city Honolulu
Governor Linda Lingle
Official languages Hawaiian and English
Area 28,337 km² (43rd)
 - Land 16,649 km²
 - Water 11,672 km² (41.2%)
Population (2000)
 - Population 1,211,537 (42nd)
 - Density 42.75 /km² (13th)
Admission into Union
 - Date August 21, 1959
 - Order 50th
Time zone Hawaii: UTC-10/ (no daylight saving time)
Latitude 18°55'N to 29°N
Longitude 154°40'W to 162°W
Width n/a km
Length 2,450 km
Elevation
 - Highest 4,205 m
 - Mean 925 m
 - Lowest 0 m
Abbreviations
 - USPS HI
 - ISO 3166-2 US-HI
Web site www.hawaii.gov

Hawaii (Hawaiian/Hawaiian English: Hawai‘i, with the ‘okina) is the archipelago of the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean. Hawaii constitutes the 50th state of the United States, and as of the 2000 U.S. Census had a population of 1,211,537 people. Honolulu is the largest city and the state capital. Ka Hae Hawai‘i, or the Flag of Hawai‘i Ka Hae Hawai‘i, or the Flag of Hawaii, is the official standard symbolizing Hawaii as a kingdom, protectorate, republic, territory and state. ... The current design of the Seal of Hawaii was commissioned by the Republic of Hawaii, derived from several features of the heraldry of the Kingdom of Hawaii. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia External link Information about U.S. State Nicknames Categories: U.S. state insignia ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... This is a list of U.S. state capitals: See also List of state capitals and former capital cities in the United States List of capitals of subnational entities List of U.S. state capitals List of U.S. states largest cities List of U.S. states by date of... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... This is a list of the largest cities of U.S. states and territories See also List of U.S. state capitals List of U.S. states largest cities List of U.S. states by date of statehood List of U.S. states that were never territories List of U... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... This is a list of governors of Hawaii. ... In 2002, Linda Lingle became the first Republican elected Governor of Hawaii in forty years. ... The United States is (as of 2004) the home of approximately 336 languages (spoken or signed) of which 176 are indigenous to the area. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... Hawaiian English is the standard of the English language as used in the State of Hawaii, and is — along with the Hawaiian language — an official language of the state. ... Here are three lists of the U.S. states in order of their area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The United States 2000 census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This is a list of U.S. states by population. ... This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... This is a list of U.S. states by order of admission into the Union. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Map of the U.S. with time zones. ... The Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone includes the state of Hawaii, and the Aleutian Islands west of 169º 30 W. It is the time zone located just west of the Alaska Standard Time Zone. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... States AK: Alaska AL: Alabama AR: Arkansas AZ: Arizona CA: California CO: Colorado CT: Connecticut DE: Delaware FL: Florida GA: Georgia HI: Hawaii IA: Iowa ID: Idaho IL: Illinois IN: Indiana KS: Kansas KY: Kentucky LA: Louisiana MA: Massachusetts MD: Maryland ME: Maine MI: Michigan MN: Minnesota MO: Missouri MS... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... Hawaiian English is the standard of the English language as used in the State of Hawaii, and is — along with the Hawaiian language — an official language of the state. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of numerous islands and atolls trending northwest by southeast in the North Pacific Ocean between latitudes 19° N and 29° N. The archipelago takes as its name that of the largest island in the group. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... The United States 2000 census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ...


This state most recently admitted into the Union has many distinctions. In addition to possessing the southernmost point in the United States, it is the only state that lies completely in the tropics. As one of two states outside the contiguous United States (the other being Alaska), it is the only one without territory on the mainland of any continent and is the only state that continues to grow due to active lava flows, most notably from Kīlauea. Ethnically, it is the only state that does not have a white majority (and one of only three in which non-Hispanic whites do not form a majority) and has the largest percentage of Asian Americans. Ecologically and agriculturally, it is the endangered species capital of the world and is the only industrial producer of coffee in the nation. The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ... State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Other U.S. States Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski Official languages English Area 1,717,854 km² (1st)  - Land 1,481,347 km²  - Water 236,507 km² (13. ... Lava is molten rock that a volcano expels during an eruption. ... Kīlauea is an active volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, one of seven shield volcanos that together form the Island of Hawai‘i. ... Whites is a broad term used to describe people of ethnic European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent, especially those with fair skin. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... An endangered species is a species whose population is so small that it is in danger of becoming extinct. ... Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ...

Contents

Geography

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Map of Hawaii

Main article: Hawaiian Islands The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of numerous islands and atolls trending northwest by southeast in the North Pacific Ocean between latitudes 19° N and 29° N. The archipelago takes as its name that of the largest island in the group. ...


The state is comprised of nineteen major islands and atolls in the Central Pacific Ocean. The state government, in its "official" count of 137 islands, includes all of the minor offshore islands and individual islets found in each atoll. The inhabited islands are seven of the southernmost lying between Ni‘ihau and the Big Island of Hawai‘i, but the island chain extends another 1000 miles (1600 kilometers) to the northwest. All of the islands were originally formed by volcanic activity. Current volcanic activity is limited to the Island of Hawai‘i (see: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Loihi). The last volcanic eruption elsewhere in the archipelago was on the southwest flank of Haleakala (East Maui Volcano), near the end of the 18th Century. A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... Atoll in the western pacific ocean For the programming language, see ATOLL programming language. ... Ni‘ihau, at 70 sq. ... Image of Hawai‘i (island) taken by NASA. The Island of Hawai‘i is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Image of Hawai‘i (island) taken by NASA. The Island of Hawai‘i is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, established in 1916, displays the results of 70 million years of volcanism, migration, and evolution—processes that thrust a bare land from the sea and clothed it with complex and unique ecosystems and a distinct human culture. ... Haleakalā or East Maui Volcano is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui. ...


Cities and towns include the largest, Honolulu on O‘ahu, as well as Hilo on Hawai‘i, Līhu‘e on Kaua‘i, and Kahului on Maui. Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... Hilo is the largest town on the island of Hawai‘i, and the county seat of Hawai‘i County, Hawai‘i. ... Līhu‘e is the largest town on the Hawaiian Island of Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i It is a census-designated place and the county seat of Kaua‘i County. ... Kahului is the largest town on the Hawaiian island of Maui and is located along the north shore of central Maui. ...


The main Hawaiian Islands and the counties of the state are shown on the map above. The larger islands are listed below.

Image of Hawai‘i (island) taken by NASA. The Island of Hawai‘i is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Maui is also the name of the mythological demigod of various Polynesian cultures, including that of ancient Hawai‘i; see Maui (mythology). ... Kaho‘olawe is the smallest of the 8 main volcanic islands in the Hawaiian Islands. ... Lāna‘i (usually spelled outside Hawai‘i as Lanai) is sixth largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Image of Molokai taken by NASA. Moloka‘i (usually spelled outside Hawai‘i as Molokai) is the fifth largest island of the Hawaiian archipelago. ... The Island of O‘ahu. ... Kauai from space (NASA image) Kaua‘i (usually called Kauai outside the Hawaiian Islands) is the oldest and fourth largest of the main Hawaiian Islands. ... Ni‘ihau, at 70 sq. ...

History

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King Kamehameha the Great unified the Hawaiian Islands after battles that ended 1795 and the cession of Kaua‘i in 1810.

Main article: History of Hawai‘i The history of Hawai‘i involves phases of early Polynesian settlement, Euro-American and Asian immigration, takeover of control by immigrants whose economic interests seemed likely to advance under US control, and formal integration by stages into the United States. ...


Hawaiian history can be divided into the following episodes:

Early Polynesians settled in Hawai‘i circa A.D. 7th century, having traveled from Tahiti and Marquesas on double-hulled voyaging canoes made of koa, a wood related to mahogany Ancient Hawai‘i refers to the period of Hawaiian history preceding the unification of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i by... Princess Victoria Ka‘iulani, a member of the Kalakaua Dynasty, was in line to become Queen of Hawai‘i when her kingdom was overthrown by local American businessmen with the aid of the United States Marine Corps The Kingdom of Hawai‘i was established in 1810 upon the unification of... Categories: Hawaii history | Stub ... United States Marines stormed ‘Iolani Palace as the Provisional Government of Hawai‘i was proclaimed across the street at Ali‘iolani Hale, the opening salvo in the establishment of the Republic of Hawai‘i. ... On August 12, 1898, the flag of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i over ‘Iolani Palace was lowered to raise the United States flag to signify annexation. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Hawaiian antiquity

Main article: Ancient Hawai‘i, Hawaiian mythology, Polynesian mythology Early Polynesians settled in Hawai‘i circa A.D. 7th century, having traveled from Tahiti and Marquesas on double-hulled voyaging canoes made of koa, a wood related to mahogany Ancient Hawai‘i refers to the period of Hawaiian history preceding the unification of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i by... Hawaiian mythology is a variant of a more general Polynesian mythology. ... Polynesia is a triangle of islands in the Pacific Ocean. ...


Anthropologists believe that Polynesians from the Marquesas and Society Islands first populated the Hawaiian Islands approximately 1500 years ago. These first peoples preserved memories of the early migrations orally through genealogies and folk tales, like the stories of Hawai‘iloa and Pa‘ao. Relations with other Polynesian groups were sporadic during the early migratory periods, and Hawai‘i grew from small settlements to a complex society in near isolation. Local chiefs called ali‘i ruled their settlements and fought to extend their sway and defend their communities from predatory rivals. Warfare was endemic. The general trend was towards chiefdoms of increasing size, even encompassing whole islands. Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... The Marquesas Islands is a group of islands in French Polynesia. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | French Polynesia ... Genealogy is the study and tracing of family pedigrees. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ... Hawai‘iloa, a voyaging canoe docked at Honolulu Harbor, is named in honor of the legendary navigator. ... Pa‘ao, a hero of Hawaiian legend, was a kahuna or priest; he was banished from an island in the South Pacific due to a feud with his brother. ... Early Polynesians settled in Hawai‘i circa A.D. 7th century, having traveled from Tahiti and Marquesas on double-hulled voyaging canoes made of koa, a wood related to mahogany Ancient Hawai‘i refers to the period of Hawaiian history preceding the unification of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i by...


Vague reports by various European explorers suggest that Hawai‘i was visited by foreigners well before the 1778 arrival of British explorer Captain James Cook. Historians credited Cook with the discovery after he was the first to plot and publish the geographical coordinates of the Hawaiian Islands. Cook named his discovery the Sandwich Islands in honor of one of his sponsors, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. Events The term Thoroughbred was first used in the United States in an advertisement in a Kentucky gazette to describe a New Jersey stallion called Pilgarlick . ... Exploration is the act of searching or traveling for the purpose of discovery, e. ... British explorer James Cook is most noted for having discovered Australia and Hawaii. ... John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (3 November 1718 – 3 April 1792) succeeded his grandfather, Edward, the 3rd Earl, in the earldom in 1729. ...


Hawaiian kingdom

Main article: Kingdom of Hawai‘i Princess Victoria Ka‘iulani, a member of the Kalakaua Dynasty, was in line to become Queen of Hawai‘i when her kingdom was overthrown by local American businessmen with the aid of the United States Marine Corps The Kingdom of Hawai‘i was established in 1810 upon the unification of...


After a series of battles that ended in 1795 and peaceful cession of the island of Kaua‘i in 1810, the Hawaiian Islands were united for the first time under a single ruler who would become known as King Kamehameha the Great. He established the House of Kamehameha, a dynasty that ruled over the kingdom until 1872. That year, bachelor King Kamehameha V died without naming a formal heir. After the election and death of King Lunalilo, governance was passed on to the House of Kalākaua. However, American interests effectively rendered the monarchy powerless by enacting the Bayonet Constitution. Among other things, it stripped the king of his administrative authorities and deprived native Hawaiians of the right to vote in elections. King Kalākaua reigned until his death in 1891. His sister, Lili'uokalani, succeeded him to the throne and ruled until her dethronement in 1893, a coup d'état orchestrated by American plantation owners with the help of an armed militia and the United States Marine Corps. Governance was again passed, this time into the hands of a provisional government and then to an independent Republic of Hawaii. Events January 16 - French occupy Utrecht, Netherlands. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the Hawaiian ruler. ... Kamehameha the Great established his dynasty in 1810 upon unifying the islands of Hawaii to become the Kingdom of Hawaii. ... Events January - April January 2 - Brigham Young, is arrested for bigamy (25 wives). ... Kamehameha V was the last monarch of the House of Kamehameha. ... This article is about the political process. ... William Charles Lunalilo, a minor member of the House of Kamehameha, was elected King of Hawaii upon the death of his cousin, Kamehameha V. William C. Lunalilo (January 31, 1835 - February 3, 1874) was king of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i from January 8, 1873 until February 3, 1874. ... David Kalākaua was elected by the legislature to assume the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i upon the death of William Charled Lunalilo. ... Queen Liliuokalanis protest of the Bayonet Constitution, that her brother was forced to promulgate at gunpoint, led to the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii by a committee of American citizens. ... David Kalākaua was elected by the legislature to assume the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i upon the death of William Charles Lunalilo. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Her Majesty Lili‘uokalani, Queen of Hawai‘i Queen Lili‘uokalani of Hawai‘i (September 2, 1838 - November 11, 1917), given the Christian name Lydia Lili‘uokalani and later named Lydia K. Dominis, was the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. ... Events January 1 - Japan accepts the Gregorian calendar January 2 - Introduction by Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America: Railroad chronometers January 13 - The UK has its first meeting. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Categories: Hawaii history | Stub ... United States Marines stormed ‘Iolani Palace as the Provisional Government of Hawai‘i was proclaimed across the street at Ali‘iolani Hale, the opening salvo in the establishment of the Republic of Hawai‘i. ...


Hawaiian territory

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Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of modern Hawai‘i, credited for the state's early development and setting precedents used in governance today.

Main article: Territory of Hawai‘i John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii having overseen its modern development and setting precedents honored today. ... On August 12, 1898, the flag of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i over ‘Iolani Palace was lowered to raise the United States flag to signify annexation. ...


The Newlands Resolution was passed on July 7, 1898, formally annexing Hawai‘i as a United States territory. In 1900, it was granted self-governance. Though several attempts were made to achieve statehood, Hawai‘i remained a territory for sixty years. Plantation owners, like those that comprised the so-called Big Five, found territorial status convenient, enabling them to continue importing cheap foreign labor; such immigration was prohibited in various other states of the Union. July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Territorial Hawai‘i was ruled by a corporate oligarchy of the Big Five sugar corporations. ...


The power of the plantation owners was finally broken by activist descendants of original immigrant laborers. Because they were born in a United States territory, they were legal American citizens. Expecting to gain full voting rights, they actively campaigned for statehood for the Hawaiian Islands. On March 18, 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Admission Act which made Hawai‘i the 50th state of the Union, a law that became effective on August 21, 1959. March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... In April 1959, Hawaii Delegate John A. Burns prepared to slice the Hawaii Statehood Cake at Capitol Hill with Democrat Congressmen D. S. Saund of California, James Haley of Florida and Al Ullman of Oregon. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Hawaiian statehood

After statehood, Hawai‘i quickly became a modern state with a construction boom and rapidly growing economy. The Hawai‘i Republican Party, which was strongly supported by the plantation owners, was voted out of office. In its place, the Hawai‘i Democratic Party dominated state politics for forty years. The state also worked toward restoring the native Hawaiian culture that was suppressed after the overthrow. The Hawai‘i State Constitutional Convention of 1978 heralded what some called a Hawaiian renaissance. Its delegates created programs that sought to revive the indigenous Hawaiian language and culture. In addition, they sought to promote native control over Hawaiian issues by creating the Office of Hawaiian Affairs. In 1998, Linda Lingle was appointed party chairwoman. ... Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii, having overseen its modern development and setting precedents still honored today. ... The 1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention launched the careers of over a dozen politicians who would become legends in modern Hawaiian history. ... The Office of Hawaiian Affairs, also popularly known by its acronym OHA, is a semi-autonomous entity of the state of Hawaii charged with the administration of 1. ...


Prevalent in post-statehood Hawai‘i was an increase in combative attitudes by some native Hawaiians towards the federal government, which is seen by some as an occupying power. Regrets over the demise of the Hawaiian monarchy produced several political organizations that are collectively known as the Hawaiian sovereignty movement. The movement's most prominent success was the passage of the Apology Resolution of 1993 that made redress for American actions leading to the overthrow of the kingdom. The resolution was passed by Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton. Native Hawaiians gather at ʻIolani Palace on August 12, 1998 to remember the centennial anniversary of the American annexation of Hawaiʻi. ... President Bill Clinton signed United States Public Law 103_150, apologizing on behalf of the American people for its illegal role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. ...


Languages

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Through its constitution and acts of its state leadership, Hawai‘i recognizes Hawaiian as one of its official languages.

Main article: Hawaiian language Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ...


The state of Hawai‘i has two official languages as prescribed by the Constitution of Hawai‘i adopted at the 1978 constitutional convention: Hawaiian and English. Article XV, Section 4 requires the use of Hawaiian in official state business such as public acts, documents, laws and transactions. Standard Hawaiian English, a subset of American English, is also commonly used for other formal business. The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction. ... The 1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention launched the careers of over a dozen politicians who would become legends in modern Hawaiian history. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hawaiian English is the standard of the English language as used in the State of Hawaii, and is — along with the Hawaiian language — an official language of the state. ... American English or U.S. English is the diverse form of the English language used mostly in the United States of America. ...


Origins

Before the arrival of Captain James Cook, the Hawaiian language was purely a spoken language. The first written form of Hawaiian was developed by American Protestant missionaries in Hawai‘i during the early 19th century. The missionaries assigned letters from the English alphabet that roughly correspond to the Hawaiian sounds. Later, additional characters were added to clarify pronunciation. The ‘okina indicates a glottal stop while the macron called kahakō signifies a long vowel sound. When a Hawaiian word is spelled without any necessary ‘okina and kahakō, it is impossible for someone who does not already know the word to guess at the proper pronunciation. Omission of the ‘okina and kahakō in printed texts can even obscure the meaning of the word. For example, the word lanai means stiff-necked. However, when spelled as lānai it means veranda while Lāna‘i refers to an island. This can be a problem in interpreting 19th century Hawaiian texts recorded in the older orthography. For these reasons, careful writers use the modern Hawaiian orthography. British explorer James Cook is most noted for having discovered Australia and Hawaii. ... American, when used as an adjective, can mean of the United States of America or of or relating to the Americas; when used as a noun, United States citizen, residing in the Americas, or less frequently American English. Immigrants to the United States are usually called first-generation Americans, regardless... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The glottal stop or voiceless glottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. ... A macron (from Gr. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ...


Revival

As a result of the constitutional provision, interest in the Hawaiian language was revived in the late 20th century. Public and independent schools throughout the state began teaching Hawaiian language standards as part of the regular curricula beginning with preschool. With the help of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, also created by the 1978 constitutional convention, specially designated Hawaiian language immersion schools were established where students would be taught in all subjects using Hawaiian. Also, the University of Hawai‘i System developed the only Hawaiian language graduate studies program in the world. Municipal codes were altered in favor of Hawaiian place and street names for new civic developments. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Office of Hawaiian Affairs, also popularly known by its acronym OHA, is a semi-autonomous entity of the state of Hawaii charged with the administration of 1. ... Events January January 1 - The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law. ... Jean Charlots mural called Commencement is featured at Bachman Hall, the administrative center of the University of Hawai`i System. ...


Pidgin

Over the course of Hawaiian history, a third language was developed that is in common use throughout the state today. Originally considered a mere dialect of Hawaiian English, cultural anthropologists have recently reached consensus that Hawaiian Pidgin is a distinct language on its own. Hawaiian Pidgin finds its origins in the sugarcane and pineapple plantations as laborers from different cultures were forced to find their own ways of communicating and understanding each other. Laborer emigrants from different countries — China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Portugal — began composing their own words and phrases based on their own language traditions merged with Hawaiian and Hawaiian English. Hawaiian Pidgin English, also known as Hawaiian Creole English or simply Pidgin, is a creole language based on English that is widely used by residents of Hawai‘i. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Binomial name Ananas comosus The Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant and its fruit, native to Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. ... The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. ... Korea is a formerly unified country, situated on the Korean Peninsula in northern East Asia, bordering on China to the west and Russia to the north. ... The Republic of the Philippines is a country of South East Asia, located in the western Pacific Ocean some 1,210 km (750 mi) from mainland Asia. ...


Debates

A somewhat divisive political issue that has arisen since the Constitution of Hawai‘i adopted Hawaiian as an official state language is the exact spelling of the state's name. As prescribed in the Admission Act of 1959 that granted Hawaiian statehood, the federal government recognizes Hawaii to be the official state name. However, many state and municipal entities and officials have recognized Hawai‘i to be the correct state name. Official government publications, as well as department and office titles, use the traditional Hawaiian spelling. Private entities, including local mass media, also have shown a preference for the use of the ‘okina. While in local Hawaiian society the spelling and pronunciation of Hawai‘i is preferred in nearly all cases, even by standard English speakers, the federal spelling is used for purposes of interpolitical relations between other states and foreign governments. In April 1959, Hawaii Delegate John A. Burns prepared to slice the Hawaii Statehood Cake at Capitol Hill with Democrat Congressmen D. S. Saund of California, James Haley of Florida and Al Ullman of Oregon. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The nuances in the Hawaiian language debate are often not obvious or well-appreciated outside Hawai‘i. The issue has often been a source of friction in situations where correct naming conventions are mandated, as people frequently disagree over which spelling is correct or incorrect, and where it is correctly or incorrectly applied.


See also

  • Hawaiian alphabet

Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ...

Government

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The Hawai‘i State Capitol has served as the seat of government in Hawai‘i since 1969.

The state government of Hawai‘i is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from the kingdom era of Hawaiian history. As codified in the Constitution of Hawai‘i, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is led by the state governor who oversees the major agencies and departments. The legislative body consists of the 25-member Hawai‘i State Senate and the 51-member Hawai‘i State House of Representatives. The judicial branch is led by the highest state court, the Hawai‘i State Supreme Court. Lower courts are organized as the Hawai‘i State Judiciary. Completed in 1969, the Hawaii State Capitol is the official seat of governance of the state. ... The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction. ... The Hawaii State Senate is the upper chamber of the Hawaii State Legislature which governs from Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. There twenty-five members from various electoral districts. ... The Hawaii State House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Hawaii State Legislature which governs from Honolulu, Hawaii. ... Aliiolani Hale in downtown Honolulu is the home of the Hawaii State Supreme Court. ... Aliiolani Hale in downtown Honolulu is the home of the Hawaii State Supreme Court whose Chief Justice is concurrently the administrator-in-chief of the Hawaii State Judiciary. ...


Unique to Hawai‘i is the way it has organized its municipal governments. There are no incorporated cities in Hawai‘i except the City & County of Honolulu. All other municipal governments are administered at the county level. Honolulu County is a county located in the state of Hawaii, the official name of which is the City & County of Honolulu. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ...


Hawaii is the only state that does not have a Department of Motor Vehicles or a Registry of Motor Vehicles. Vehicle registration and driver licensing are performed by county governments.

See: List of Hawaiian counties, U.S. Congressional Delegations from Hawai‘i, List of Hawai‘i politicians Governors of Hawaii have been administering their duties from the Hawaii State Capitol since 1969. ... In 2002, Linda Lingle became the first Republican elected Governor of Hawaii in forty years. ... In 1998, Linda Lingle was appointed party chairwoman. ... Lieutenant Governors of Hawaii have been administering their duties from the Hawaii State Capitol since 1969. ... An infamous drug court judge, James Aiona became the first Republican elected Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii in forty years. ... In 1998, Linda Lingle was appointed party chairwoman. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Daniel Ken Inouye (born September 7, 1924) is the senior United States Senator from Hawaii. ... Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii, having overseen its modern development and setting precedents still honored today. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Daniel Kahikina Akaka (born September 11, 1924) is a U.S. Senator from Hawaii and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii, having overseen its modern development and setting precedents still honored today. ... The First Congressional District of Hawaii was officially established in 1971, defined as a result of a United States Census Bureau report of the previous year indicating an increase in the population of the state of Hawaii. ... Neil Abercrombie currently serves the First Congressional district of Hawaii. ... Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii, having overseen its modern development and setting precedents still honored today. ... The Second Congressional District of Hawaii is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii, officially established in 1971, defined as a result of a United States Census Bureau report of the previous year indicating an increase in the population of the state of Hawaii. ... Born in Hilo, Ed Case is a United States Congressman representing the Second District of Hawaii. ... Governor John A. Burns is often called the Father of the State of Hawaii, having overseen its modern development and setting precedents still honored today. ... Hawaii counties The five counties of Hawaii on the Hawaiian Islands enjoy somewhat greater status than many counties on the United States mainland, which tend to administer rural areas. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Hawaii to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... This is an incomplete list. ...


Economy

The total gross output for the state in 2003 was USD $47 billion. Per capita income for Hawai‘i residents was USD $30,441.


The history of Hawai‘i can be traced through a succession of dominating industries: sandalwood, whaling, sugarcane, pineapple, military, tourism, and education. Tourism is currently the state's largest industry, with efforts being made to diversify the economy. Industrial exports include food processing and apparel. However, because of the considerable shipping distance to markets on the West Coast United States or Japan, these export industries play a small role in the island economy. The main agricultural exports are nursery stock and flowers, coffee, macadamia nuts, pineapple, livestock, and sugar cane. Agricultural sales for 2002 (according to the Hawai‘i Agricultural Statistics Service) were USD $370.9 million from diversified agriculture, USD $100.6 million from pineapple, and USD $64.3 million from sugarcane. The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the wood of trees of the genus Santalum. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch Whaling is the hunting and killing of whales. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Binomial name Ananas comosus The Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant and its fruit, native to Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. ... Military (from Latin militarius, miles soldier) as an adjective describes anything related to soldiers and warfare, more specifically to do with land forces, the sea forces equivalent being naval. Used as a noun, it is equivalent to Armed force. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good judgement and wisdom. ... Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ... Species Macadamia integrifolia Macadamia tetraphylla The macadamia nut is the fruit of a tree native to the east coast of Australia. ... Binomial name Ananas comosus The Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant and its fruit, native to Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ...


Hawaii is known for a relatively high per capita state tax burden. In the years 2002 and 2003, Hawaii residents had the highest state tax per capita at $2,757 and $2,838 respectively. This rate can be explained partly by the fact that services such as education, health care, and social services are all rendered at the state level, as opposed to the local level as in most other states. Also, millions of tourists contribute to the collection figure by paying Hawaii's general excise and hotel room taxes. Therefore, not all the taxes collected come directly from residents. However, as anywhere, business leaders in the state consider Hawaii's tax burden to be too high, contributing to both higher prices and the perception of an unfriendly business climate (Honolulu Star Bulletin (http://starbulletin.com/2004/05/21/news/story1.html), 2004).

  • See also: Business in Hawaii

Culture

Main article: Culture of Hawaii

The aboriginal culture of Hawai‘i is Polynesian. Hawai‘i represents the northernmost extension of the vast Polynesian triangle of the south and central Pacific Ocean. While traditional Hawaiian culture remains only as vestiges influencing modern Hawaiian society, there are reënactments of ancient ceremonies and traditions throughout the islands. Some of these cultural influences are strong enough to have impacted the culture of the United States at large, including the popularity (in greatly modified form) of luaus and hula. Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. ... A luau (Hawaiian luau) is a traditional Hawaiian feast that normally features foods such as poi, kalua pig (pork prepared in an imu, or earth oven), poke, and lomi salmon, among others. ... This article is in reference to a dance of Hawaii. ...

This is a list of state parks, monuments, and recreation areas managed by the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources: Hawaii (island): Akaka Falls State Park Hapuna Beach State Recreation Area Kalopa State Recreation Area Kealakekua Bay State Historical Park Kona Coast (Kekaha Kai) State Park Kohala Historical Sites... Categories: US geography stubs | Hawaii | Hawaii landmarks ... This is a list of Hawaii-related topics: List of Governors of Hawaii List of movies set in Hawaii List of people from Hawaii List of counties in Hawaii List of rivers in Hawaii List of Hawaiian State Highways List of Hawaiian state parks Contents: Top - A B C D... Because of its unique location, history, and ethnically diverse population, Hawai‘i residents observe a variety of different customs from the various ethnic groups that make up the Islands population. ... Hawaiian music refers to the musical style native to the Hawaiian Islands of the United States. ... List of Hawaii State Landmarks Kauai Kauai is a paradise for nature lovers. ... Polynesia is a triangle of islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Hawaiian mythology is a variant of a more general Polynesian mythology. ... List of authors with roots in Hawaii: Kiana Davenport George Parsons Lathrop, journalist, poet Tara Bray Smith Lois-Ann Yamanaka Categories: Culture in Hawaii | Stub ...

Media

Newspapers

Print Media in Hawaii
Honolulu Advertiser
Honolulu Star-Bulletin
Pacific Business News
Hawaii Business Magazine
Hawaii Catholic Herald
Honolulu Magazine

Two major competing Honolulu-based newspapers serve all of Hawai‘i. The Honolulu Advertiser is owned by Gannett Pacific Corporation while the Honolulu Star-Bulletin is owned by Black Press of British Columbia in Canada. Both are two of the largest newspapers in the United States, in terms of circulation. Other locally published newspapers are available to residents of the various islands. The Hawai‘i business community is served by the Pacific Business News and Hawai‘i Business Magazine. The largest religious community in Hawai‘i is served by the Hawai‘i Catholic Herald. Honolulu Magazine is a popular magazine that offers local interest news and feature articles. Apart from the mainstream press, the state also enjoys a vibrant ethnic publication presence with newspapers for the Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean and Native Hawaiian communities. In addition, there is an alternative weekly, the Honolulu_Weekly. The Honolulu Advertiser is the largest newspaper in the U.S. state of Hawaii and one of the largest newspapers in the United States. ... The Honolulu Star-Bulletin, based in Honolulu, Hawaii, is one of two major daily newspapers in the state of Hawaii (the other is the Honolulu Advertiser). ... Pacific Business News is the primary business newspaper in Hawaii. ... Categories: Hawaii media | Stub ... Categories: Stub | Newspapers of Hawaii ... Categories: Hawaii media | Local interest magazines | Magazines stubs ... Reading the newspaper: Brookgreen Gardens in Pawleys Island, South Carolina. ... The Honolulu Advertiser is the largest newspaper in the U.S. state of Hawaii and one of the largest newspapers in the United States. ... Gannett Company, Inc. ... The Honolulu Star-Bulletin, based in Honolulu, Hawaii, is one of two major daily newspapers in the state of Hawaii (the other is the Honolulu Advertiser). ... Black Press is a publication newspapers in the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia in Canada and the states of Washington and Hawaii in the United States. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Splendour without diminishment) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell ( BC Liberal) Area 944,735 km² (5th)  - Land 925,186 km²  - Water 19,549 km² (2. ... Canada is a sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. ... Pacific Business News is the primary business newspaper in Hawaii. ... Categories: Hawaii media | Stub ... Categories: Stub | Newspapers of Hawaii ... Categories: Hawaii media | Local interest magazines | Magazines stubs ... Honolulu Weekly is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Honolulu, Hawaii. ...


Television

All the major television networks are represented in Hawai‘i through KFVE (WB network affiliate), KGMB (CBS network affiliate), KHET (PBS network affiliate), KHNL (NBC network affiliate), KHON (FOX network affiliate) and KITV (ABC network affiliate), among others. From Honolulu, programming at these stations are rebroadcast to the various other islands via networks of satellite transmitters. Until the advent of satellite, most network programming was broadcast a week behind mainland scheduling. The various production companies that work with the major networks have produced television series and other projects in Hawai‘i. Most notable were police dramas like Magnum P.I. and Hawaii Five-O. A comprehensive list of such projects can be seen at the list of Hawai‘i television series. KFVE, also known by the brand K5 the Home Team, is the licensed broadcast affiliate of Warner Brothers Television Network in the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In 2004, KGMB rebranded itself and altered its logo for the first time in decades. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... Categories: Television stations in Hawaii | PBS member stations | PBS stubs ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... KHNL is the licensed broadcast affiliate of NBC Universal National Broadcasting Company in the United States. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... KITV is the licensed broadcast affiliate of American Broadcasting Company in the United States. ... 2002 identity of the ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... Magnum, P.I. was an American television show that followed the adventures of Thomas Magnum (played by Tom Selleck), a private investigator living in Hawaii. ... Hawaii Five-O ran for twelve seasons on CBS television network. ... The Hawaii Film Office is an agency of the state of Hawaii through the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism. ...


Film

Television Networks in Hawaii

Hawai‘i has a growing film industry administered by the state through the Hawai‘i Film Office. Several television shows, movies and various other media projects were produced in the Hawaiian Islands taking advantage of the natural scenic landscapes as backdrops. Notable films produced in Hawai‘i or were inspired by Hawai‘i include Jurassic Park, Waterworld, From Here to Eternity, George of the Jungle, 50 First Dates, Pearl Harbor, Blue Crush and Lilo & Stitch. KFVE, also known by the brand K5 the Home Team, is the licensed broadcast affiliate of Warner Brothers Television Network in the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In 2004, KGMB rebranded itself and altered its logo for the first time in decades. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... Categories: Television stations in Hawaii | PBS member stations | PBS stubs ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... KHNL is the licensed broadcast affiliate of NBC Universal National Broadcasting Company in the United States. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... KITV is the licensed broadcast affiliate of American Broadcasting Company in the United States. ... 2002 identity of the ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... KPXO is the licensed broadcast affiliate of the PAX Network in the United States. ... The PAX Network, PAX TV, PaxNet, or simply PAX, is a broadcast and cable television network formed in 1998. ... The Hawaii Film Office is an agency of the state of Hawaii through the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism. ... Original film poster for Jurassic Park Jurassic Park is a book written by Michael Crichton and published in 1990, which was later turned into a movie directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Waterworld was a 1995 film that was co-produced by Kevin Costner and directed by Kevin Reynolds. ... From Here to Eternity is a 1953 movie based on a James Jones novel in which characters work through ordinary bouts of intimidation and infidelity on a military base in the days preceding the attack at Pearl Harbor. ... George of the Jungle was a prime time animated television program that was originally broadcast on ABC between 1967 and 1970 and is a parody of Tarzan. ... 50 First Dates (2004) is a romantic comedy starring Adam Sandler and Drew Barrymore. ... Pearl Harbor is the title of a war film released in the summer of 2001 by Touchstone Pictures. ... Movie Poster for Blue Crush Blue Crush is a 2002 movie about four female surfers in Hawaii. ... Lilo & Stitch is an animated film, set in Hawaii. ...


Hawai'i is home to a prominant film festival known as the Hawaii International Film Festival. A film festival is a mostly annual festival showcasing films, usually of a recent date, sometimes with a focus on a specific genre (e. ...


Symbols

The Constitution of Hawaii and various other measures of the Hawaii State Legislature established official state symbols. Such symbols are meant to embody the distinctive culture and heritage of Hawaii: The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction. ... Hawaii Governor Benjamin J. Cayetano speaks before a special session of the legislature on January 24, 2000. ...

Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... Hawaiian English is the standard of the English language as used in the State of Hawaii, and is — along with the Hawaiian language — an official language of the state. ... Hawaiian Pidgin English, also known as Hawaiian Creole English or simply Pidgin, is a creole language based on English that is widely used by residents of Hawai‘i. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... Categories: Stub | 1814 births | 1854 deaths | Royal Family of Hawaii ... Princess Victoria Ka‘iulani, a member of the Kalakaua Dynasty, was in line to become Queen of Hawai‘i when her kingdom was overthrown by local American businessmen with the aid of the United States Marine Corps The Kingdom of Hawai‘i was established in 1810 upon the unification of... The flags of the U.S. states exhibit a wide variety of regional influences and local histories, as well as widely different styles and design principles. ... Ka Hae Hawai‘i, or the Flag of Hawai‘i Ka Hae Hawai‘i, or the Flag of Hawaii, is the official standard symbolizing Hawaii as a kingdom, protectorate, republic, territory and state. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag or Union Jack is the flag most commonly associated with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and was also used throughout the former British Empire. ... Each state in the United States (except New Jersey) has a state song, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... David Kalākaua was elected by the legislature to assume the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i upon the death of William Charles Lunalilo. ... Henri Berger, standing in front, is the Father of the Royal Hawaiian Band, the oldest municipal band in the United States. ... Hawai‘i Aloha, also called Ku‘u One Hanau, is a revered anthem of the native Hawaiian people and Hawai‘i residents alike. ... The state bird is the insignia of a province or a state of a country. ... Binomial name Branta sandvicensis Vigors, 1833 The Hawaiian Goose or Nēnē, Branta sandvicensis, is a species of goose endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Rhinecanthus rectangulus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 The Reef Triggerfish, also known by its Hawaiian name humuhumu nukunuku apua‘a, is one of several species of triggerfish. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: External link Juelies State Flower Garden of Gifs See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Lists of flowers | U.S. state insignia ... The ma‘o hau hele is the state flower of Hawai‘i The Genus Hibiscus includes some 200 species, seven of which are regarded as native Hawaiian hibiscus. ... List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones, and gemstones. ... Black coral is a term given to a group of deep water, tree-like tropical coral related to sea anemone. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Binomial name Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd. ... Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... The Kamehameha Statue stands before Ali‘iolani Hale, the home of the Hawai‘i State Supreme Court. ... The Father Damien Statue stands in front of the Hawaii State Capitol, greeting all its visitors. ...

Education

Main article: Hawai‘i State Department of Education The Hawaii State Department of Education is the most centralized and only statewide public education system in the United States. ...


Hawaii is currently the only state in the union with a unified school system statewide. It is also the oldest public education system west of the Mississippi River. Policy decisions are made by the fourteen-member state Board of Education, with thirteen members elected for four-year terms and one non-voting student member. The Board of Education sets statewide educational policy and hires the state superintendent of schools, who oversees the operations of the state Department of Education. The Department of Education is also divided into seven districts, four on O‘ahu and one for each of the other counties. Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge 16,200 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin Lake Itasca Mouth Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ...


The structure of the state Department of Education has been a subject of discussion and controversy in recent years. The main rationale for the current centralized model is equity in school funding and distribution of resources: leveling out inequalities that would exist between highly populated O‘ahu and the more rural Neighbor Islands, and between lower-income and more affluent areas of the state. This system of school funding differs from many localities in the United States where schools are funded from local property taxes.


However, policy initiatives have been made in recent years toward decentralization. Current Governor Linda Lingle is a proponent of replacing the current statewide board with seven elected district boards. The Democrat-controlled state legislature opposed her proposal, instead favoring expansion of decision-making power to the schools and giving schools more discretion over budgeting. Political debate of structural reform is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.


Colleges and universities

The following are some of the most notable, colleges and universities in Hawai‘i. The list of colleges and universities in Hawai‘i is more comprehensive.

Brigham Young University of Hawai‘i is located at the historically Latter-day Saint town of Lā‘ie on the island of O‘ahu. ... Chaminade University of Honolulu is a private coeducational university in Honolulu, Hawaii. ... Hawaii Pacific University is a private coeducational university in Honolulu, Hawaii (a. ... The University of the Nations at Kona is a private, co-educational Christian college in Kailua Kona on the Big Island of Hawaii and is recognized by the United States Department of Education and Hawaii State Department of Education. ... Jean Charlots mural called Commencement is featured at Bachman Hall, the administrative center of the University of Hawai`i System. ... The University of Hawaii at Hilo is one of ten branches of the University of Hawaii System anchored by the University of Hawaii at Mānoa in Honolulu, Hawaii. ... Hawaii Hall is a prominent building of the University of Hawaii at Mānoa campus. ... The University of Hawaii-West Oahu, formerly West Oahu College, is one of ten branches of the University of Hawaii System anchored by the University of Hawaii at Mānoa in Honolulu, Hawaii. ...

Academies and secondary schools

The following are some of the most notable academies and secondary schools in Hawai‘i. The list of public schools and independent schools in Hawai‘i is more comprehensive.

Name Hawaii Baptist Academy Address 2429 Pali Highway Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96817 Established 1949 Community Urban Type Independent Religion Baptist Missori Synod Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Eagles Mascot Eagle Colors Black, Gold and White Motto Christ... Name Iolani School Address 563 Kamoku Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96826 Established 1863 Community Urban Type Independent Religion Episcopal Church Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges Nickname Raiders Mascot I‘o Eagle Colors Black, Red and White Motto Iolani One Team Military United... Name Kamehameha Schools Address 210 Konia Circle Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96817 Established 1887 Community Urban Type Independent Primary and Secondary Religion Protestant Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Warriors Mascot Warrior Colors Blue and White Motto Imua Kamehameha... Name Maryknoll School Address 1526 Alexander Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 Established 1927 Community Urban Type Independent Religion Roman Catholic Maryknoll Society and Maryknoll Sisters Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Spartans Mascot Spartan Colors Gold and Maroon... Name Moanalua High School Address 2825 Ala Ilima Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96818 Established 1972 Community Suburban Type Public Secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District Hawaii State Department of Education Subdistrict Central District Nickname Menehunes Mascot Ali‘i Menehune... For other schools of a similar name, go to Roosevelt High School. ... Name President William McKinley High School Address 1039 South King Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96814 Established 1865 Community Urban Type Public Secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District Hawaii State Department of Education Subdistrict Honolulu District Nickname Tigers Mascot Tiger... Name Punahou School Address 1601 Punahou Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 Established 1841 Community Urban Type Private Primary and Secondary Religion Christian (non-denominational) Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Buff n Blue Mascot Warrior Colors Blue and... Name Saint Louis School Address 3142 Waialae Avenue Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96816 Established 1846 Community Urban Type Independent Religion Roman Catholic Society of Mary Students Boys Grades 5 to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Crusaders Mascot Crusader Colors Blue and Red Motto...

Demographics

Enlarge
Photograph of Hawai‘i from Space Shuttle Discovery, looking southeast by south from over Kauai.

The population of Hawaii (Hawai‘i) is approximately 1.2 million, while the de facto population is over 1.3 million due to military presence and tourists. O‘ahu is the most populous island, with a population of just under one million. Shuttle Orbiter Discovery (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is a NASA Space Shuttle. ... The Island of O‘ahu. ...


According to the 2000 Census, 6.6% of Hawaii's population identified themselves as Native Hawaiian, 24.3% were White or Caucasian, including Portuguese and 41.6% were Asian, including 0.1% Asian Indian, 4.7% Chinese, 14.1% Filipino, 16.7% Japanese, Okinawan, 1.9% Korean and 0.6% Vietnamese. 1.3% were other Pacific Islander which includes Tongan, Tahitian, Maori and Micronesian, and 21.4% described themselves as mixed (two or more races/ethnic groups). 1.8% were Black or African American and 0.3% were American Indian and Alaska Native. In April of 1990, Daniel K. Akaka became the first native Hawaiian and Chinese American to serve in the United States Congress as a Senator from the State of Hawaii. ... Alternate meanings: White (disambiguation) White is a color (more accurately it contains all the colors of the spectrum and is sometimes described as an achromatic color—black is the absence of color) that has high brightness but zero hue. ... Caucasian is originally a geographical term, meaning relative or pertaining to the Caucasus region of Eastern Europe and West Asia. ... The term Asian can refer to something or someone from Asia. ... The Republic of India is a large country in South Asia, and one of only two countries in the world with a population of over one billion. ... The Chinese in Hawaii constitute about 4. ... The Japanese in Hawaii are one of the major and most influential ethnic groups in Hawaii. ... Okinawan may refer to: The languages or dialects of Okinawa (see: Ryukyuan languages, Okinawan language) The people of Okinawa (see: Ryukyuans) Of or relating to Okinawa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Vietnamese can mean: Vietnamese people - the majority ethnic group residing in Vietnam, also known as Kinh or Gin. ... A Pacific Islander or Pacific Person (plural: Pacific People) is a term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe people of a certain heritage In New Zealand, it is applied to a person who has emigrated from one of the smaller islands of... Tongan is an Austronesian language spoken in Tonga. ... Tahitian could refer to the Tahitian language the native Tahitian people a resident of Tahiti or perhaps of French Polynesia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ... This article is about the Pacific region known as Micronesia. ... Black is a color with several subtle differences in meaning. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Alaskan Natives are Aboriginal Americans who live in Alaska. ...


The second group of foreigners to arrive upon Hawaii's shores, after the Europeans, were the Chinese who jumped off of trading ships in 1789. In 1820 the first American missionaries arrived in Hawaii to preach Christianity and teach the Hawaiians what the missionaries considered "civilized" ways. A large proportion of Hawaii's population has become a people of Asian ancestry (especially Chinese, Japanese and Filipino), many of whom are descendants from those waves of early foreign immigrants brought to the islands in the nineteenth century, beginning in the 1850's, to work on the sugar plantations. The first Japanese arrived in Hawaii on February 9, 1885. When used as an adjective, Chinese refers to anything that originates from China, , Chinese cuisine. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The largest city is the capital, Honolulu, located along the southeast coast of the island of O‘ahu. Other populous cities include Hilo, Kāne‘ohe, Kailua, Pearl City, Kahului, and Kailua-Kona. Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... Hilo is the largest town on the island of Hawai‘i, and the county seat of Hawai‘i County, Hawai‘i. ... Kāne‘ohe is a town and census-designated place (CDP) included in the City & County of Honolulu and located in state District of Ko‘olaupoko on the Island of O‘ahu. ... Kailua-Kona, Hawaii is located on the Big Island (Hawaii). ... Pearl City is town and a census-designated place (CDP) located in the ‘Ewa District and City & County of Honolulu on the Island of Oahu. ... Kahului is the largest town on the Hawaiian island of Maui and is located along the north shore of central Maui. ... There is also a town of Kailua on the Island of O‘ahu. ...

Hawaii has the eighteenth highest per capita income in the United States of America, at $21,525 (2000). ...

Famous people from Hawai‘i

Wikipedia's list of famous people from Hawaii is a comprehensive, alphabetized list of persons who have achieved fame that presently or at one time claimed Hawai‘i as their home. Separate registers of members of the Hawaiian royal family and Hawaii politicians are also available. This is an incomplete list. ... This is an incomplete list. ...


Trivia

  • Hawaii, being one of the United States, is included in the North American Numbering Plan; its area code within that plan is 808. It is also one of only three U.S. states that do not observe Daylight Saving Time (and Indiana is expected to begin observing DST in 2006 [1] (http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050429/NEWS02/504290510)), and the only one of those three that does not use DST anywhere in its territory.
  • ‘Iolani Palace, the only royal residence in the United States, was once the home of King Kalākaua and Queen Lili‘uokalani, the last monarchs of Hawai‘i. It is open to visitors.
  • Hawai‘i is the only U.S. state without a state police force.
  • Hawai'i is the only state which has no state DMV. Vehicle registration and driver licensing in Hawaii have been delegated to county governments.
  • Hawai‘i is home to two of the largest independent schools in the United States: Punahou School and the Kamehameha Schools.
  • Pele is the well-known goddess of Hawaiian volcanoes. Local legends and ghost stories often revolve around her visits, as well as sightings of Menehune and Nightmarchers.
  • Local directions in Hawai‘i are not normally expressed in terms of compass points (i.e., north-south-east-west) but by a radial system that uses local landmarks. For example, mauka means inland (literally, "towards the mountain"), while makai means the opposite ("towards the sea"). In Honolulu, "Diamond Head" or "Koko Head" are equivalent to "east," because those are the main landmarks on the coast east of downtown Honolulu, and "‘Ewa" is equivalent to "west," because that place is on the coast west of Honolulu. So instead of saying something was on the north-west corner of an intersection in Honolulu, it might be described as the "mauka and ‘ewa" corner of that intersection.
  • Hawai‘i is home to a number of endemic plant and animal species that are vulnerable to outside threats. Among the rarest is the Po‘ouli, a Hawaiian honeycreeper with only two known surviving members, both on the island of Maui.
  • Hawai‘i is known for its many people of multiracial and multiethnic heritage, or hapa ancestry.
  • Mount Wai‘ale‘ale on Kaua‘i is one of the wettest spots on earth, averaging 460 inches (11.7 m) of rain a year.
  • Hawai‘i has an array of colorful beaches, with sand colors of white, black, red, grey, brown-black and green.
  • Famous Crimes and superstitions Diane Suzuki, Morgan's Corner, Seven Bridges of Manoa, The Kahala Graveyard

‘Akaka Falls on Kolekole Stream ‘Akaka Falls State Park is a state park in Hawai‘i, located 11 miles north from Hilo (at the end of County Rte. ... The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the portion of the year in which a regions local time is advanced by (usually) one hour from its standard official time. ... Iolani Palace was the official residence of King David Kalakaua and Queen Julia Kapiolani and then Queen Liliuokalani and Prince Consort John Owen Dominis. ... David Kalākaua was elected by the legislature to assume the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i upon the death of William Charles Lunalilo. ... Her Majesty Lili‘uokalani, Queen of Hawai‘i Queen Lili‘uokalani of Hawai‘i (September 2, 1838 - November 11, 1917), given the Christian name Lydia Lili‘uokalani and later named Lydia K. Dominis, was the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. ... In the United States, state police are a police body unique to each U.S. state, having statewide authority to conduct law enforcement activities and criminal investigations. ... The Department of Motor Vehicles is a government department which handles matters related to automobiles, such as issuing license plates and drivers licenses. ... Name Punahou School Address 1601 Punahou Street Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 Established 1841 Community Urban Type Private Primary and Secondary Religion Christian (non-denominational) Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Buff n Blue Mascot Warrior Colors Blue and... Name Kamehameha Schools Address 210 Konia Circle Town Honolulu, Hawaii 96817 Established 1887 Community Urban Type Independent Primary and Secondary Religion Protestant Students Coeducational Grades K to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District None Subdistrict None Nickname Warriors Mascot Warrior Colors Blue and White Motto Imua Kamehameha... In Polynesian mythology (specifically: Hawaii), Pele is a goddess of fire, lightning, dance, volcanoes and violence, a daughter of Haumea and Kane Milohai. ... In Polynesian mythology, the Menehune are similar to elves or fairies. ... In Polynesian mythology, specifically Hawaii, Nightmarchers are the ghosts of ancient Hawaiian warriors. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... Diamond Head is the name of a tuff cone on the Hawaiian island of Oahu and known to Hawaiians as Leahi (photograph at right). ... Hawaii Kai is a largely residential area located in the City & County of Honolulu, in the District of Honolulu on the island of Oahu. ... For the district in Nauru, see Ewa (Nauru). ... Located some 2,400 miles (4,000 km) from the nearest continental shore, the Hawaiian Islands are the most isolated group of islands on the globe. ... This article is about the ecological meaning of endemic. See also endemic (epidemiology). ... Genera Telespiza Psittirostra Dysmorodrepanis Loxioides Rhodacanthis Chloridops Pseudonestor Hemignathus Oreomystis Paroreomyza Loxops Ciridops Vestiaria Drepanis Palmeria Himatione Melamprosops Hawaiian honeycreepers are small passerine birds endemic to Hawaii. ... The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ... Multiethnic societies, in contrast to nationalistic societies, integrate different ethnic groups irrespective of differences in culture, race, and history under a common social identity larger than one nation in the conventional sense. ... In the Hawaiian language and in Hawaiian Pidgin, a hapa is an individual of mixed ancestry, especially someone born in Hawaii. ... Diane Suzuki was a nineteen-year old dancer and student at the University of Hawaii at Manoa who disappeared on July 6, 1985, and has since been the focus of one of the most notorious modern criminal investigations in the history of the state of Hawaii. ...

External links

State of Hawai‘i
Cities | Geography | History | Language | Landmarks
State capital: Honolulu
Principal towns: Hilo | Honolulu | Kahului | Kailua-Kona | Lihue
Islands: Hawai‘i | Kaho‘olawe | Kaua‘i | Lāna‘i | Maui | Moloka‘i | Ni‘ihau | Northwestern Hawaiian Islands | O‘ahu
Counties: Hawai‘i | Honolulu | Kalawao | Kaua‘i | Maui


This article needs cleanup. ... The Earth Observatory is a publishing organization of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the United States. ... Aiea, Hawaii Aina Haina, Hawaii Alakea, Hawaii Anachoomlu, Hawaii Brbrsptnas, Hawaii Cape Smith, Hawaii Capehart, Hawaii Ewa, Hawaii Ewa Beach, Hawaii Ford Island, Hawaii Fort Shafter, Hawaii Hana, Hawaii Hanalei, Hawaii Hanapepe, Hawaii Hickam, Hawaii Hilo, Hawaii Honaunau, Hawaii Honokaa, Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii Honomu, Hawaii Kaaawa, Hawaii Kahaluu, Hawaii Kahuliu... The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of numerous islands and atolls trending northwest by southeast in the North Pacific Ocean between latitudes 19° N and 29° N. The archipelago takes as its name that of the largest island in the group. ... The history of Hawai‘i involves phases of early Polynesian settlement, Euro-American and Asian immigration, takeover of control by immigrants whose economic interests seemed likely to advance under US control, and formal integration by stages into the United States. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Hawaii | Hawaii landmarks ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... Hilo is the largest town on the island of Hawai‘i, and the county seat of Hawai‘i County, Hawai‘i. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... Kahului is the largest town on the Hawaiian island of Maui and is located along the north shore of central Maui. ... There is also a town of Kailua on the Island of O‘ahu. ... Līhu‘e is the largest town on the Hawaiian Island of Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i It is a census-designated place and the county seat of Kaua‘i County. ... The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of numerous islands and atolls trending northwest by southeast in the North Pacific Ocean between latitudes 19° N and 29° N. The archipelago takes as its name that of the largest island in the group. ... Image of Hawai‘i (island) taken by NASA. The Island of Hawai‘i is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Kaho‘olawe is the smallest of the 8 main volcanic islands in the Hawaiian Islands. ... Kauai from space (NASA image) Kaua‘i (usually called Kauai outside the Hawaiian Islands) is the oldest and fourth largest of the main Hawaiian Islands. ... Lāna‘i (usually spelled outside Hawai‘i as Lanai) is sixth largest of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Maui is also the name of the mythological demigod of various Polynesian cultures, including that of ancient Hawai‘i; see Maui (mythology). ... Image of Molokai taken by NASA. Moloka‘i (usually spelled outside Hawai‘i as Molokai) is the fifth largest island of the Hawaiian archipelago. ... Ni‘ihau, at 70 sq. ... The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or the Leeward Islands are the small islands and atolls in the Hawaiian island chain that are located northwest of the islands of Kauai and Niihau. ... The Island of O‘ahu. ... Hawaii counties The five counties of Hawaii on the Hawaiian Islands enjoy somewhat greater status than many counties on the United States mainland, which tend to administer rural areas. ... Hawaii County is a county located in the state of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. ... Honolulu County is a county located in the state of Hawaii, the official name of which is the City & County of Honolulu. ... Kalawao County is a county located in the state of Hawaii. ... Kauai County is a county located in the state of Hawai‘i. ... Maui County is a county located in the state of Hawaii. ...

Countries and territories in Oceania
Australia | American Samoa | Baker Island | Cook Islands | East Timor | Fiji | French Polynesia | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Kiribati | Marshall Islands | Federated States of Micronesia | Midway Atoll | Nauru | New Caledonia | New Zealand | Niue | Norfolk Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palau | Palmyra Atoll | Papua New Guinea | Pitcairn | Samoa | Solomon Islands | Tokelau | Tonga | Tuvalu | Vanuatu | Wallis and Futuna | Wake Island


This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... This is a list of dependent territories and other dependencies. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, see Oceania (fiction). ... American Samoa is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the South Pacific Ocean, to the East of the larger state of Samoa. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′ N, 176°31′ W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Languages English (official), Maori Capital Avarua Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Jim Marurai Area  – Total  – % water Ranked 225th  240 km²  0% Population  – Total (2003)  – Density Ranked 219th  21,008  87/km² Independence  – Date None. ... The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor, is an island nation in Southeast Asia, consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, a political exclave of East Timor situated on the western side of... The Republic of the Fiji Islands occupies an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. ... National motto: Tahiti Nui Marearea Official language French Political status Dependent territory Capital Papeete Largest City Papeete President Oscar Temaru Area  - Total  - % water 4,167 km² 12% Population  - Total ( 2002)  - Density 245,405 64/km² Currency CFP franc Time zone UTC -10 Internet TLD . ... Territorial motto: Where Americas Day Begins Official languages English, Chamorro Unofficial languages Japanese (used in business transactions), Tagalog (used in conversation) Capital Hagåtña Chief of state George W. Bush Governor Felix Perez Camacho Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 202nd 549 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2003)  - Density Ranked N... Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′ N, 176°38′ W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Map of Jarvis Island Jarvis Island is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 2. ... Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24 N, 162°24 W. It is the northernmost of the Northern Line Islands and an unincorporated territory of the United States administered... The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation located in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. ... The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the U.S. island of Wake. ... The Federated States of Micronesia are a constitutional government in free association with the United States, located in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. ... Midway Atoll (also known as Midway Island or Midway Islands) is a 6. ... The Republic of Nauru (pronounced nah-OO-roo), formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island republic in the South Pacific Ocean. ... Map of New Caledonia New Caledonia ( French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular names: Kanaky, Le caillou) is a French territory of 18,575 km² (7,172 sq. ... For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). ... Official languages Niuean, English Capital Alofi Queen Elizabeth II New Zealand High Commissioner Sandra Lee-Vercoe Premier Young Vivian Area  – Total  – % water  260 km²  0 Population  – Total (2003)  2,145 Establishment  – Date Niue Constitution Act  19 October 1974 Currency New Zealand dollar Time zone UTC -11 Calling Code 683 Internet... National Motto: Inasmuch Official language English Capital Kingston ¹ Largest city Burnt Pine ² Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert Gardner Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 6th (Australia) 34. ... The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is a commonwealth in political union with the United States of America at a strategic location in the West Pacific Ocean. ... The Republic of Palau (also spelled Belau) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located some 500 km east of the Philippines. ... Map of Palmyra Atoll Map of Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll is an uninhabited, 12 km2 atoll in the Northern Pacific Ocean at 5°52 N, 162°6 W. Palmyra is one of the Northern Line Islands (southeast of Kingman Reef and north of Kiribati Line Islands), located almost due south... Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (the other half is the Papua province of Indonesia). ... National motto: ? Official language English (Pitcairnese also spoken) Capital Adamstown Governor Richard Fell Mayor Jay Warren (elected on December 15 2004) Area  - Total  - % water 47 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2003)  - Density 48 1/km² Dependent area of United Kingdom Currency New Zealand dollar Time zone UTC -8 National anthem None... The Independent State of Samoa (conventional long form) or Samoa (conventional short form) is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. ... The Solomon Islands is a nation in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea and is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... Languages Tokelauan, English Capital None; each atoll has its own administrative center Political status Territory of New Zealand Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II Administrator Neil Walter Head of Government Aliki Faipule Kuresa Area  – Total  – % water  10 km²  Negligible Population  – Total (2004)  – Density  1,405  141/km² Dependent area of... The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago in the southern Pacific Ocean, about a third of the way between New Zealand and Hawaii. ... National anthem Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvaluan: Eight Standing Together for the Almighty) Languages Tuvaluan, English Capitals Funafuti (atoll), Vaiaku (village; Gov. ... The Republic of Vanuatu is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. ... The Collectivity of Wallis and Futuna ( French: Collectivité de Wallis et Futuna) is a group of mainly three volcanic tropical islands (Wallis, Futuna, and Alofi) with fringing reefs located in the South Pacific Ocean between Fiji and Samoa. ... Wake Island is an atoll (having a coastline of 19. ...

Political divisions of the United States
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Federal district District of Columbia
Insular areas American Samoa | Baker Island | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Midway Atoll | Navassa Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palmyra Atoll | Puerto Rico | Virgin Islands | Wake Island

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hawaii's Official Tourism Site -- Travel info for your Hawaii vacation (78 words)
Hawaii's Official Tourism Site -- Travel info for your Hawaii vacation
We warmly invite you to explore our islands and discover your ideal travel experience.
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