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Encyclopedia > Hatchback
Renault Megane hatchback, a proper hatchback which has shown huge success in Europe
Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access

Hatchback is a term designating an automobile design, containing a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind the vehicle by a single, top-hinged tailgate or large flip-up window. The vehicle must have at least two rows of seats, with the rear seat able to fold down to increase cargo space. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Renault Mégane is a compact automobile made by Renault. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Peugeot 306 is a small family car built by the French car manufacturer Peugeot from 1993 to 2001. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... This article is about transported goods. ... The tailgate is a door that can be moved up or down on a vehicle, such as a pick-up truck. ... Two pick-ups with tailgates open at a tailgate party The tailgate, sometimes called the hatch, is a door on the back of a vehicle that can be moved up or down, such as on a pick-up truck or hatchback. ... A car seat usually refers to a small seat secured to the seat of an automobile equipped with safety harnesses to hold children in the event of a crash. ...


Hatchback vehicles are functionally similar to station wagons (which are intended to carry large volumes), but distinguished by a (much) smaller load area. The typical hatchback roof rakes down steeply behind the C-Pillar, resulting in very little car length behind the rear wheels and thus no room for a side window over the load area. Alternatively, cars with a longer rear end need a much more slanted rear window - a style also known as a liftback. Liftbacks are sedan-size cars with a fastback profile and a hatchback-type tailgate. Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... Rover SD1 is the code name given to a series of large executive cars made by British Leyland and Austin Rover Group from 1976 to 1987. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ...


The tailgate is also referred to as the hatch. Hatchbacks are often described as three-door (two entry doors and the hatch) or five-door (four entry doors and the hatch) cars. In Europe, city cars, superminis, and small family cars are usually hatchbacks. The Fiat Panda, a 1980s city car A current model Toyota Aygo city car A city car (or urban car) is a small, moderately powered automobile intended for use in urban areas. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Small cars often incorporate a hatch tailgate to make the best use of available space. Especially in smaller models, hatchbacks are often truncated, with the tailgate nearly vertical, to reduce the car's footprint. This is an important consideration in countries where small streets and traffic congestion are big factors (see for instance the Japanese Kei cars).
Hatchbacks frequently include fold-down rear seats, which enable a substantial portion of the interior space to be used as a cargo area. Usually, the rear seat can be folded partially (for instance 1/2, 1/3 or 2/3) or completely to expand the cargo space. The Daihatsu Cuore, a popular and typical kei car. ...


Hatchbacks typically have a parcel shelf: a rigid shelf covering the cargo space that is hinged behind the rear seats and lifts with the tailgate. An alternative is a flexible roll-up tonneau cover. 1903 Ford Model A rear-door Tonneau Tonneau (pronounced ta’-no) is an archaic term for an open rear passenger compartment on an automobile and, by extension, a body style incorporating such a compartment. ...


High performance variants of hatchbacks are now common, known as "hot hatches". VW Golf Mk. ...

Contents

History

Citroën Traction Avant hatchback (1954); note position of rear seat after final side window
Citroën Traction Avant hatchback (1954); note position of rear seat after final side window

Understandably, since the term is an approximation, the credit for the first hatchback is attributed to several manufacturers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2085x1348, 1287 KB) Own photo - public location. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2085x1348, 1287 KB) Own photo - public location. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Citroën Traction Avant 22CV. (Discuss) The rear of a Citroën Traction Avant The Citroën Traction Avant was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Citroën. ...


The Citroën Traction Avant Commerciale, introduced in 1938 [1] was a capacious design that did not fit the description of a station wagon, because of the short space behind the rear wheels, with the rear seat in line with the D-Pillar. Initially the car had a two-piece tailgate. Production stopped during World War II, but when the Commerciale reappeared in 1954 it featured a one-piece top-hinged tailgate. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Citroën Traction Avant 22CV. (Discuss) The rear of a Citroën Traction Avant The Citroën Traction Avant was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Citroën. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Holden of Australia fitted what could be described as "hatch" tailgates [citation needed] onto bodies in the late 1940s, however not on their own Holden 48/215 model. Two other early contenders are the 1949 Kaiser-Frazer Vagabond and Traveler hatchbacks. Although these were styled much like the typical 1940s sedan, they incorporated an innovative split rear tailgate instead of a trunk and folding rear seats. [2][3] The Holden 48-215, also known unofficially as the Holden FX was a mid-size, six-cylinder seadan produced by the Australian automaker, Holden between November 1948 and October 1953. ... Kaiser Manhattan 4-Door Sedan 1953 The Kaiser-Frazer Corporation was the result of a partnership between autombile executive Joseph W. Frazer and Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser of Kaiser Company/Kaiser Industries. ...


The 1953 Aston Martin DB2/4 featured a top-hinged rear tailgate, of which 700 examples were made. Its successor, the 1958 DB Mark III, even offered a folding rear seat. The 1954 AC Aceca and later Aceca-Bristol from AC Cars had a similar hatch tailgate, though just 320 were built. The DB2/4 was a sports car sold by Aston Martin from 1953 through 1957. ... See also Aston Martin DB3 for the racing car often confused with the Mark III The DB Mark III was a sports car sold by Aston Martin from 1957 through 1959. ... The Aceca (pronounced A-See-Ka) was a closed coupe from AC Cars, produced from 1954 through 1963. ... The Aceca (pronounced A-See-Ka) was a closed coupe from AC Cars, produced from 1954 through 1963. ... A.C. Royal Roadster 1924 A.C. 16/70 Sports Drophead Coupé 1935 A.C. ACE 2-Seater Sports A.C. Greyhound Saloon 1962 1999 Cobra Replica 1971 AC Frua AC Cars Group Ltd. ...


The Pininfarina-designed 1958 Austin A40 was the first car to introduce the lack of side windows over the load space. It had a tailgate that was split horizontally rather than in a single unit hinged at the top. However, the 1962 Italian-built Innocenti version, called the A40S Combinata, had a single-unit tailgate, so that car had all the features of the modern hatchback. [4] Pininfarina logo. ... The Austin Motor Company was founded in Longbridge, Birmingham by Herbert Austin, the former manager of the Wolseley Tool and Motor Car Company in 1905. ... See Austin A40 for other A40 models. ... The Italian machinery works named Innocenti was originally established by Ferdinando Innocenti in 1920. ...


Hatchbacks in Europe

Renault 4 (1961-1993).
1967 Simca 1100, first transverse engined hatchback.
1967 Simca 1100, first transverse engined hatchback.
1966 MGB GT.
1966 MGB GT.

The 1961 Renault 4 was a key step in popularising the hatchback layout in Europe. Its tailgate was a single door incorporating the rear window and hinged at the top, with only short side windows between C & D-pillars over the load space and a steep angle from roof to rear bumper. During its production run the R4 was called a small station wagon, even after the term hatchback appeared around 1970. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 770 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Renault 4 GTL de 1983, photo de Fabien MORIN (également propriétaire de la voiture !) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 770 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Renault 4 GTL de 1983, photo de Fabien MORIN (également propriétaire de la voiture !) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file... Renault 4 Renault 4 van The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced Quatrelle, which could be heard as 4 wings in French), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1993. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 491 pixelsFull resolution (1998 × 1227 pixel, file size: 436 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 491 pixelsFull resolution (1998 × 1227 pixel, file size: 436 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Renault 4 Renault 4 van The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced Quatrelle, which could be heard as 4 wings in French), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1993. ... An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


The Renault 16, a more upmarket car which was voted European Car of the Year on its launch in the autumn of 1965, also had a hatchback / liftback design, and featured a folding rear seat. Another French hatchback arrived in 1967: the Simca 1100. Contrary to the two Renault models, the Simca used a transverse engine and gearbox layout, and discarded the side windows behind the C-pillar.
The first car launched by the then-new British Leyland (albeit a British Motor Corporation design) was the 1968 Austin Maxi, a five-speed, front-wheel drive hatchback. The first all-Italian hatchback was the Fiat 127, which went into production during 1971. The first German hatchback was the Volkswagen Passat (Dasher in North America) of 1973, followed by the more popular Volkswagen Golf (Rabbit in North America), as well as the Audi 50, the first German supermini hatchback, in 1974. The Renault 16 was a large family car with an at first unusual hatchback body, produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1965 and 1980 in Sandouville, Le Havre, France. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Simca 1100 (1967 - 1982) was an automobile built by Chrysler Europes division Simca, sold in Europe and USA until 1982, when it was replaced by the Talbot Horizon. ... The British Leyland Motor Corporation (often abbreviated to simply BL), was a Britain in 1968. ... BMC rosette logo old BMC share A preserved BMC ambulance. ... The Austin Maxi was a medium sized 5-door hatchback car from British Leyland for the 1970s. ... The Fiat 127 was a supermini automobile produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1971 and 1987. ... The Volkswagen Passat is a family car built by Volkswagen AG (VW), produced in various forms since 1973. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Caribe in Mexico) is a compact car / small family car that Volkswagen manufactures. ... The Audi 50, a design penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro, was a three-door supermini hatchback launched by Audi in 1974 and sold only on continental Europe. ... A supermini can be: A car size class used in Europe. ...


Sports cars like the Jaguar E-Type, Toyota 2000GT, and Datsun 240Z were fitted with rear tailgates, but had only one row of seats. Thus while they may be called 3 door cars, they are not generally considered hatchbacks. A Honda NSX sports car A TVR Tuscan sports car A sports car is a car designed for sporting performance above utility. ... A 1963 Series 1 3. ... The Toyota 2000GT was a sports car produced in very limited numbers by Toyota in Japan. ... The S30 Nissan/Datsun 240Z (known in Japan as the Fairlady Z and later in other markets as the 260Z and 280Z) are sports cars from Nissan of the 1970s. ...


In the 1970s, the Rover SD1, Renault 30, and Saab 900 attempted to introduce the hatchback style into the executive car market, with limited success. The market for executive class station wagons is also limited, possibly for similar reasons - combining practicality and exclusivity in one vehicle has proven difficult. Rover SD1 is the code name given to a series of large executive cars made by British Leyland and Austin Rover Group from 1976 to 1987. ... The Renault 20 and Renault 30 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1975 and 1983. ... See Saab 900 (NG) (a. ... Executive car is a British term used generally to describe an automobile larger than a large family car, but which is not a high-end or ultra luxury car, a multi-purpose vehicle or a sport utility vehicle. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


By the early 1980s, most small family cars produced in Europe were hatchbacks. The 1980s began with the launch of two more front-wheel drive hatchbacks: the Ford Escort and Lancia Delta. More similar cars followed over the decade, including the updated Opel Kadett, Vauxhall Astra, Renault 19, Fiat Tipo and second generation Rover 200. Alfa Romeo's venture into this market, the Nissan-based Arna, was one of the few unsuccessful European small family hatchbacks of the 1980s. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ... The Lancia Delta is a small family car produced by Italian automaker Lancia from 1979 to 1994. ... The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automaker Opel between 1937 and 1940, then from 1962 to 1992. ... Vauxhall Astra is a model-name which has been used by Vauxhall, the British subsidiary of General Motors (GM), on their small family car ranges since 1979. ... Renault 19 Chamade The Renault 19 is a small family car produced by French automaker Renault between 1988 and 1999. ... The Fiat Tipo was a small family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995. ... The Rover 200-series / 25 is an automobile produced by the Austin Rover Group, and latterly the Rover Group and MG Rover. ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ... Nissan Motor Co. ...


The 1990s saw small family hatchbacks firmly pitch themselves as the most popular auto sector in Europe. The third generation Volkswagen Golf was launched in 1991 and elected European Car of the Year. Fiat replaced the successful Tipo with the distinctive Bravo (three-door) and Brava (five-door) in 1995. Ford replaced the long-running Escort with the dramatically styled Ford Focus in 1998. Hatchbacks quickly became regular winners of the European Car of the Year award. The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Caribe in Mexico) is a compact car / small family car that Volkswagen manufactures. ... The Ford Focus is a small family car made by Ford and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ...


Hatchbacks in the rest of the world

In many countries from all regions of the world, where a hatchback and a conventional sedan are available for the same model, the sedan model is often preferred by consumers. Manufacturers have even been forced to offer a notchback version of cars that are sold only as hatchbacks elsewhere to comply with the preferences of local clients, as with the Citroën C-Triomphe. The market acceptance of larger, more exclusive and expensive passenger cars with the hatchback style has been even more difficult than in Europe. This article is about the type of car. ... In economics, consumers are individuals or households that consume goods and services generated within the economy. ... Notchback is a form of automobile body that is characterized by a sharp vertical drop-off from roof to trunk, as opposed to hatchback or fastback. ... The Citroën C-Triomphe is a compact sedan automobile produced for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile, a joint venture between the French PSA Group (Peugeot-Citroën) and the Chinese manufacturer Dongfeng. ...


Hatchbacks in North America

Hatchbacks became commonplace in North America in the late 1960s and early 1970s as imports from Japan and new models from America's Big Three automakers started appearing in showrooms, which were soon followed by European imports. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


General Motors produced hatchback versions of its Chevrolet Nova, Vega, Monza models, as well as the Pontiac Sunfire, and Buick Skyhawk. Ford offered a Pinto "Runabout" hatchback (and a Mercury Bobcat twin) in tandem with a trunked Pinto fastback. The European-built Ford Fiesta was added later in the decade. The Chrysler Corporation was late in producing hatchbacks for the U.S., developing the Volkswagenesque Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon twins with its European operations and placing them on sale in North America in the 1978 model year. Two low-slung hatchback coupés, originally part of the Omni/Horizon lineup but later marketed as separate cars under the Dodge Charger and Plymouth Turismo names, debuted the following year. Eventually the Chrysler brand offered a LeBaron hathcback which resembled a Saab. American Motors (AMC) joined the hatchback market at the start of the decade with America's first sub-compact, the AMC Gremlin that was styled in the Kammback fashion. AMC introduced a hatchback version to its larger Hornet models in 1973. The Hornet was restyled and renamed the Concord (a Concord hatchback was made for 1978 and 1979 only) while smaller Gremlin was restyled and renamed the AMC Spirit in 1979. However, the far more characteristic AMC Pacer debuted in 1975. It was the first modern "cab-forward" vehicle design that focused on interior space with short and rounded overhangs. The Pacer's aerodynamic and jelly bean shaped hatchback stood out among the square, formal, box-type designs that were prevalent all the way through the early 1980s. General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin), (colloquially Chevy) , is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... The Chevrolet Nova or Chevy II was an American compact car introduced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors in 1962. ... The then-innovative Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Pontiac Sunfire was introduced in the 1995 model year as the compact car to replace the Sunbird. ... There have been two small cars from Buick called the SkyHawk or Skyhawk: 1975-1980 RWD Chevrolet Monza clone (H-body) 1982-1989 FWD Chevrolet Cavalier clone (J-body) Categories: Buick vehicles | Front wheel drive vehicles | Rear wheel drive vehicles ... The Ford Pinto was an American subcompact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company, first introduced in 1971, and built through the 1980 model year. ... The Ford Pinto was a subcompact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market, first introduced in 1971, and built through the 1980 model year. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ... Plymouth Horizon The Dodge Omni and the similar Plymouth Horizon were front wheel drive subcompact cars introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation in North America in 1978. ... The Dodge Omni and similar Plymouth Horizon was a front-drive, subcompact car introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation in North America in 1978. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... There have been many different Dodge vehicles, on three different platforms, bearing the Charger nameplate. ... There have been a number of vehicles bearing the Dodge Charger nameplate, but the name has generally denoted a performance model in the Dodge range. ... Chrysler introduced the LeBaron model in 1977 as its lowest priced model, and the name was used on various Chryslers until 1995. ... For other uses, see Saab (disambiguation). ... American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed on January 14, 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and the Hudson Motor Car Company. ... The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... A Kamm tail on a Citroen CX sedan This 1974 AMC Gremlin sports a Kamm tail according to AMC Audi A2 2004 Toyota Prius, an example of a Kammback achieving a drag coefficient of 0. ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows, first analysed by George Cayley in the 1800s. ...


The 1980s brought a new round of hatchback models. Ford offered an Americanized version of its third-generation Escort in the United States as a replacement for the Pinto at the start of the 1981 model year. General Motors included a hatchback model as part of its J-car series (which included the Chevrolet Cavalier), but this car emphasized sportiness more than versatility. Chrysler continued making its Omni/Horizon and Charger/Turismo models into the 1980s and added the Dodge Shadow and Plymouth Sundance twins, which were styled to look like trunked sedans, for the 1987 model year. Most of the hatchbacks GM and Chrysler offered at this time were sport coupés; the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird, for example, adopted hatch windows when the third generation editions came out in 1982. American Motors, by then partially owned by Renault, added the Encore to its larger Alliance models in 1983. The Encore came in two and four-door hatchback models and it was based on the European Renault 11. These models were phased out after Chrysler bought out AMC in 1987. The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1991 Dodge Shadow convertible Pre-facelift Dodge Shadow (5-door) In 1987, the Chrysler Corporation introduced two new compact cars, the Dodge Shadow and the Plymouth Sundance (which turned in similar sales figures), intended to replace the Dodge Charger and Plymouth Turismo, respectively. ... The Plymouth Sundance was a compact car produced from 1986 (as a 1987 model) to 1994. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Chevrolet Camaro is a pony car made in North America by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors. ... The Pontiac Firebird was a pony car built by the Pontiac division of General Motors between 1967 and 2002. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... For the author, see Mary Renault. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ...


Hatchbacks were popular for smaller vehicles in the U.S. and Canada during the fuel crises of the 1970s due to their practicality and convenience, but many customers, especially Americans, preferred trunks to hatches. Conventional wisdom is that Americans have always found the styling of trunked cars more elegant and dignified than that of hatchbacks, and that they bought hatchbacks during times of high fuel costs because they had to. The poor quality and basic nature of many hatchbacks also gave them a reputation for cheapness - driving a hatchback was a proclamation to the world that you were too poor to buy a regular car. So, as hatchbacks grew in popularity in Europe in the 1990s, they declined in popularity in North America in that same period. Detroit manufacturers mostly switched to offering small cars with trunks; customers who wanted versatility began turning to sport utility vehicles as well as minivans. By the early 2000s, the New York Times commented that hatchbacks were the automotive equivalent of sitcoms starring former "Seinfeld" cast members; "no one wants to be associated with them." A proclamation (Lat. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... It has been suggested that Mini MPV be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the sitcom. ...


Volkswagen continued to offer the Golf (marketed with that name in North America from 1985 to 2006), but by the end of the 1990s the Japanese appeared to have given up on hatchbacks in the North American market just as General Motors and Chrysler had done; the Toyota Tercel and Echo were available in the U.S. in notchback form only, and the base Honda Civic hatchback disappeared from Honda's North American lineup after the 2000 model year. The Tercel was Toyotas entry-level vehicle in North America during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ... The Honda Civic is a compact car manufactured by Honda. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

1999 Chevrolet Metro hatchback
1999 Chevrolet Metro hatchback

Ford and Volkswagen held on to selling basic hatchbacks in North America, as Ford's Focus debuted in 2000 with a hatchback model and Volkswagen's fourth-generation Golf included the base three-door model that the previous car had largely lacked. Image File history File links Red_1999_Chevrolet_Metro. ... Image File history File links Red_1999_Chevrolet_Metro. ... 1996 Geo Metro models The Geo Metro first appeared in Chevrolet-Geo showrooms in 1989. ... == Vendo 4 rines 17 para ford focus usados como nuevos. ...


By the middle of the 2000s, a small hatchback resurgence took place in the United States for automakers that could tone down the emphasis on cheapness and excessive practicality. VW's New Beetle, which went on sale in the U.S. in 1998, featured a rear window hatch that contrasted with the original Beetle's trunk, which was located in the front, while the engine was mounted in the rear. In 2003, a GM/Toyota joint venture 5-door hatchback was created in two models -- the Toyota Matrix and Pontiac Vibe. The New MINI range is a success, and the big three Japanese automakers all offered hatchback models by 2006; Toyota had the Yaris, Nissan launched the Versa, and Honda debuted the Fit. Volkswagen, after an interminable delay, placed the fifth-generation Golf on sale in North America in June 2006 with the Rabbit name once again, accompanied by a high-profile ad campaign designed to make the car seem as cool as the MINI has been. The Volkswagen New Beetle is a compact car introduced by Volkswagen in 1998, drawing heavily on the design cues of the original Beetle. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Toyota Matrix is a car manufactured by Toyota in Cambridge, Ontario, Canada and sold in North America. ... The Pontiac Vibe is a car produced in Fremont, California, USA by NUMMI (New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc), a shared endeavor between General Motors and Toyota. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... This article is about the automaker. ... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ... Versa is the North American name for this vehicle, see Nissan Tiida for article The Nissan Versa is a new subcompact car from Nissan starting with the 2007 model year in North America. ... The Honda Fit is a five-door hatchback automobile produced by Honda of Japan, that was first introduced in June 2001. ... For other uses, see June (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


DaimlerChrysler replaced the trunked Dodge Neon with the Dodge Caliber, a five-door hatchback designed to look like a miniature SUV, in 2006. Chevrolet sells a hatchback version of its Korean-built Aveo. Ford, paradoxically, seems to be giving up on the market segment, with the Focus hatchback having been phased out even as a second-generation Focus is available as a hatchback in Europe. The Neon was a compact car sold from 1994 (as a 1995 model year vehicle) through 2005 by DaimlerChryslers Dodge and Plymouth brands. ... The Dodge Caliber is a compact car produced by the Dodge division of the Chrysler Group. ... It has been suggested that Daewoo Kalos be merged into this article or section. ...


Similar body styles

SUVs, station wagons and minivans often have the top-hinged tailgate that is one of the features of the hatchback car. However, the term hatchback is typically used in reference to small or compact cars, with a smaller trunk than other vehicles. This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that Mini MPV be merged into this article or section. ...


Recently some car manufacture even mark their hatchback vehicle as Mini MPV or Compact MPV. For some reason people think hatchback is for only low small cars(Volkswagen Polo) and mini MPV for taller vehicle(Renault Modus). The terms of MPV is believe makes the car to have better image than a normal hatchback as MPV is still new. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... Volkswagen Derby The Volkswagen Polo is a supermini manufactured by Volkswagen of Germany. ... The Renault Modus is a mini MPV designed and built by the French automaker Renault in Valladolid, Spain since September 2004. ...


Many sports and mid-sized cars are also designed using a variation of hatchback design, sometimes called a liftback. Here, the tailgate is angled down over the rear seats, and smoothly integrated into the tail of the car, resembling a fastback or sedan overall. This often improves aerodynamic performance, resulting in a reduced drag coefficient. Examples of these cars are the Opel Vectra, the Ford Mondeo and the Renault Laguna. A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows, first analysed by George Cayley in the 1800s. ... The drag coefficient (Cd, Cx or Cw, depending on the country) is a dimensionless quantity that describes a characteristic amount of aerodynamic drag caused by fluid flow, used in the drag equation. ... The Opel Vectra is a large family car produced by Opel, the main European subsidiary of General Motors. ... The Ford Mondeo is a large family car sold by the Ford Motor Company in various markets throughout the world. ... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ...


Saab often used the term combi coupé (or 'Waggonback' in the U.S.) for their take on the concept. Even some typical-looking sedans (saloons) have hatch tailgates, such as the Mazda6, Hyundai Elantra, Kia Spectra and the Saab 9000. Saab Automobile AB is a subsidiary of General Motors. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into liftback. ... This article is about the type of car. ... The Atenza or Mazda6 is a midsize car from the Japanese carmaker Mazda. ... The Hyundai Elantra (sold in South Korea as the Avante) is a compact car from Hyundai of South Korea launched in 1991. ... The Kia Spectra, or Kia Cerato, is a compact car / small family car produced by the Korean automaker Kia Motors since 2000. ... Prototype for a 9000 convertible. ...


Other similar body styles

This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...

See also

Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article is about the type of car. ... AMC Gremlin A subcompact car is an automobile in a vehicle size class smaller than a compact car but larger than a city car (and known as superminis in Europe). ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ...

External links

Look up Hatchback in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Subaru Hatchback Parts @ Car Parts Wholesale (290 words)
As an automobile design, the hatchback contains a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space with the rear entry that is featured with a hatch or a flip-up window.
Hatchbacks are likewise termed as three-door or five-door cars because of the principal doors and the addition of the hatch.
Much more, Subaru Hatchback performance will be guaranteed to be of its level-best when the parts utilized in it are all but precise and apt for the car.
MySpace.com - hatchback - San Francisco, California - Electronica / Surf / Ghettotech - www.myspace.com/hatchback76 (482 words)
I love old keyboards too!Great sounds.I wish my moped was a hatchback.
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The way the song is arranged, it reminds me of a love story of two lonely souls that find each other.
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