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Encyclopedia > Hatay Province
Hatay Province
Location of Hatay Province in Turkey
Overview
Region: Mediterranean Region, Turkey
Area: 5,403 (km²)
Total Population 1,253,726 (2003) TUIK 2006 (est)
Licence plate code: 31
Area code: 0326
Governor Website http://www.Hatay.gov.tr

Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast, with Syria to the south and east. Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 29 KB) Map of the districts of Hatay province in Turkey. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... Mediterranean Sea Region Mediterranean Region (Akdeniz Bölgesi), // Mediterranean Region Adana Province Antalya Province Burdur Province Hatay Province Isparta Province Kahramanmaraş Province Mersin province Osmaniye Province Provinces of Turkey Categories: | ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... Turkey went from six (2+4) to seven digits (3+4) local phone numbers c. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


From the end of World War I in 1918 until 1938, Hatay was the Iskandarun or Alexandretta province of the French Mandate of Syria; its being ceded to Turkey following a referendum organized in 1939 by the French-backed Republic of Hatay remained a cause of tension in relations between Turkey and Syria until recently. Syria has recently toned down its demands for full sovereignty over the province, but official maps still show Hatay as Syrian territory (e.g. [[1]]). “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The French Mandate of Syria was a League of Nations Mandate created after the First World War when the Ottoman Empire was split by the Treaty of Versailles. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Flag of the Republic of Hatay. ...

Contents

Geography

Baghras in Hatay

46% of the land is mountain, 33% plain and 20% plateau and hillside. The most prominent feature is the north-south leading Nur Mountains and the highest peak is Mığırtepe (2240m), other peaks include Ziyaret dağı and Keldağ (Jebel Akra or Casius) at 1739 m. The folds of land that make up the landscape of the province were formed as the land masses of Arabian-Nubian Shield and Anatolia have pushed into each other, meeting here in Hatay, a classic example of the Horst-graben formation. The Orontes River rises in the Bekaa Valley in K Lebanon and runs through Syria and Hatay and into the Mediterranean at its delta in Samandağ. There was a lake in the plain of Amik but this was drained in the 1970s, and today Amik is now the largest of the plains that are important centres of agricultural production in Hatay. The climate of Hatay is typical of the Mediterranean, with warm wet winters and hot, dry summers. The mountain areas inland are drier than the coast. There are some mineral deposits, Iskenderun is home to Turkey's largest iron and steel plant, and the district of Yayladağı produces a colourful marble called the Rose of Hatay. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 720 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Baghras - burcht van o. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 720 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Baghras - burcht van o. ... The Nur Mountains, also known as Amanos mountains, lie in the northeast of Iskenderun, parallel to the Ä°skenderun Bay, with a height of 2100 m. ... The Arabian-Nubian Shield (ANS) is an exposure of Precambrian crystalline rocks exposed on the flanks of the Red Sea. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... USGS image In physical geography and geology, a horst is the raised fault block bounded by normal faults. ... USGS image A graben is a depressed block of land bordered by parallel faults. ... The Orontes and the norias of Hama The Orontes or ‘Asi is a river of Lebanon and Syria. ... ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... SamandaÄŸ, Turkey is a town in Hatay Province, near the site of the ancient Seleucia Pieria. ... Amik was the mascot of the 1976 Summer Olympics. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Ä°skenderun, formerly known in the west as Alexandretta or previously as Scanderoon (Arabic الإسكندرون al-ʼIskandarÅ«n), is a city in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Yayladağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ...


The administrative capital is Antakya (Antioch), while the largest city in the province is the port city of İskenderun (Alexandretta). There are border crossing points with Syria in the district of Yayladağı and at Cilvegözü in the district of Reyhanlı. Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antakya. ... // Ä°skenderun, also Iskenderon (formerly known in the west as Alexandretta, from Greek Ἀλεξανδρέττα; in Arabic الإسكندرون, al-ʼIskandarÅ«n), is a district and its center in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Iskenderun, formerly known in the west as Alexandretta, is a city in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Yayladağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Reyhanlı is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ...


Hatay is one of the most cosmopolitan provinces of Turkey, home to communities of various races and religions including Turks, Arabs and Armenians, Sunni and Alevi Muslims and Christians of many demoninations. The village of "Vakıflıköy" in the district of Samandağ is Turkey's last remaining rural Armenian community while Arabs form the majority in three districts out of the twelve in Hatay: Samandağ (Suwaidiyyah) (Alawi), Altınözü (Qusair) and Reyhanlı (Rihaniyyah) (Sunni). Unlike most Mediterranean provinces Hatay has not experienced mass immigration from other parts of Turkey in recent decades and has therefore preserved much of its traditional culture, for example Arabic is still widely spoken in the province. [1] To celebrate this cultural mix, in 2005 "Hatay Meeting of Civilisations" congress was organised by Dr Aydın Bozkurt of Mustafa Kemal University and his "Hatay Association for the Protection of Universal Values".[2] Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a... SamandaÄŸ, Turkey is a town in Hatay Province, near the site of the ancient Seleucia Pieria. ... In 1995 Turkeys ethnic Arab population was estimated at 800,000 to 1 million, according to the US Library of Congress Country Study. ... SamandaÄŸ, Turkey is a town in Hatay Province, near the site of the ancient Seleucia Pieria. ... Alawite is a Middle Eastern Syria. ... Altınözü is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Reyhanlı is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


Hatay is warm enough to grow tropical crops such as sweet potato and sugar cane, and these are used in the local cuisine, along with other local specialities including a type of cucumber/squash called kitte. Well-known dishes of Hatay include the syrupy-pastry künefe, squash cooked in onions and tomato paste (sıhılmahsi}, the aubergine and yoghurt paste (Baba ghanoush), and the chick-pea paste hummus as well as dishes such as kebab which are found throughout Turkey. In general the people of Hatay produce lots of spicy dishes including the walnut and spice paste muhammara), the spicy köfte called oruk, the thyme and parsley paste Za'atar and the spicy sun-dried cheese called Surke. Finally syrup of pomegranate is a popular salad dressing particular to this area. Binomial name L. “Camote” redirects here. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Kadaif, kadayıf (Turkish), kataifi, kadaifi (Greek κα(ν)ταΐφι), is a very fine vermicelli-like pastry used to make sweet pastries and desserts. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hummus or hummus bi tahini (Arabic: ; ‎; Armenian Õ°Õ¡Õ´Õ¸Õ½) also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus) is a dip made of ground chickpeas, sesame tahini, lemon juice, and garlic. ... Left to right: Chenjeh Kabab, Kabab Koobideh, Jujeh Kabab in an Afghan restaurant. ... Muhammara with olive oil, mint leaves, and pecans Muhammara is a hot pepper dip originated in Aleppo, Syria where it is still mainly made with exception with small towns in Lebanon. ... Kofta is the common English name for a Middle Eastern food, at its most basic consisting of balls of minced meat mixed with spices or onions. ... Species About 350 species, including: Thymus adamovicii Thymus altaicus Thymus amurensis Thymus bracteosus Thymus broussonetii Thymus caespititius Thymus camphoratus Thymus capitatus Thymus capitellatus Thymus camphoratus Thymus carnosus Thymus cephalotus Thymus cherlerioides Thymus ciliatus Thymus cilicicus Thymus cimicinus Thymus comosus Thymus comptus Thymus curtus Thymus disjunctus Thymus doerfleri Thymus glabrescens Thymus... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Zaatar (Arabic زعتر, Hebrew זעתר) is a popular mixture of spices that originated in the Middle East. ... Shanklish (Arabic: شنكليش or شنغليش), also known as shinklish, shankleesh, sorke, or surke, is a type of cows milk or sheeps milk cheese made in Syria and Lebanon. ... Binomial name Punica granatum L. The Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–8 m tall. ...


Mustafa Kemal University is one of Turkey's newer tertiary institutions, founded in Antakya in 1992. Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ...


Districts

Hatay province is divided into 12 districts (capital district in bold): The provinces of Turkey are divided into 923 districts (ilçeler; sing. ...

Altınözü is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Belen is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Dörtyol is a port and oil terminus at the head of the Gulf of İskenderun in southeastern Turkey. ... Erzin, also known as Yesilkent is the city of Hatay with a population about 25,000. ... Hassa is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... // İskenderun, also Iskenderon (formerly known in the west as Alexandretta, from Greek Ἀλεξανδρέττα; in Arabic الإسكندرون, al-ʼIskandarūn), is a district and its center in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Kırıkhan is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Kumlu is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Reyhanlı is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Samandağ, Turkey is a town in Hatay Province, near the site of the ancient Seleucia Pieria. ... Yayladağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ...

History

The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...

Antiquity

See Antioch for the ancient history of this town and district. With its easy climate, fertile soil this crossing point between Syria and Anatolia is one of the longest-established areas in the region, settled since the early Bronze age, once part of the Akkadian Empire, then the Amorite Kingdom of Yamhad, then a succession of Hittites, the late-Hittite “Hattena” people that later gave the modern province of Hatay its name, then Assyrians, Persians and many more until the city of Antioch became and important regional centre of the Roman Empire from 64BC onwards. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antakya. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... The Akkadian Empire usually refers to the Semitic speaking state that grew up around the city of Akkad north of Sumer, and reached its greatest extent under Sargon of Akkad. ... Amorite (Hebrew ’emōrî, Egyptian Amar, Akkadian Tidnum or AmurrÅ«m (corresponding to Sumerian MAR.TU or Martu) refers to a Semitic people who occupied the country west of the Euphrates from the second half of the third millennium BC, and also the god they worshipped (see Amurru). ... Yamhad (also written Jamhad or Yamkhad) was an ancient Amorite kingdom centered at Halab, Aleppo, in northern Syria. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite empire was... It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antakya. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ...


The arrival of Islam

The area was conquered by the armies of Islam in 638 and came under the control of the Ummayad and Abbasid Arab dynasties. Then following the first Turkish conquest by the Tolunoğulları tribe in 877 Hatay was controlled by various Turkish emirates, under the umbrella of the Seljuks and the Aleppo-based Hamdanoğulları. Then in 969 the city of Antioch played an important role in the First Crusade and was brought within the Byzantine Empire as a result. Eventually Hatay was captured from the Crusaders by the Mameluks. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Umayyad Dynasty (Arabic الأمويون / بنو أمية umawiyy; in Turkish, Emevi) was the first dynasty of caliphs of the Prophet Muhammad who were not closely related to Muhammad himself, though they were of the same Meccan tribe, the... Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of... Aleppo (or Halab Arabic: , ) is a city in northern Syria, capital of the Aleppo Governorate. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antakya. ... Combatants Christendom, Catholicism West European Christians, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Seljuks, Arabs and other Muslims The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the dual goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslims and freeing the Eastern Christians from Muslim... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (or Mameluks) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim Caliphs and the Ottoman Empire, and who on more than one occasion seized power for...


The sanjak of Alexandretta

By the time it was taken from the Mameluks by the Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1516 Antakya was a medium-sized town on 2km² of land between the Orontes River and Mount Habib Neccar. Under the Ottomans the area was known as the sanjak (or governorate) of Alexandretta. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Selim I (Ottoman: سليم الأول, Turkish: ); also known as the Grim or the Brave, Yavuz in Turkish, the long name is Yavuz Sultan Selim (October 10, 1465 in Amasya – September 22, 1520 in Edirne) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. ... The Orontes and the norias of Hama The Orontes or ‘Asi is a river of Lebanon and Syria. ...


After the WWI and the Turkish Independence War the Ottoman Empire was disbanded and modern Turkey was created, but Alexandretta was not part of of the new republic, it was put within in the French mandate of Syria. However an important Turkish community remained in Alexandretta and the government of the newly-founded Turkish Republic were determined to protect these people, with Atatürk himself stating that Hatay has been a Turkish homeland for 40 centuries. Thus under a French-Turkish treaty of 20 October 1921 the Sanjak of Alexandretta was made autonomous, and remained so from 1921 to 1923. As well as Turks the population of the Sanjak included: Arabs of various religious denominations (Sunni Muslims, Alawites, Syriac Orthodox, Greek Orthodox); Greek Catholics, Maronites;Jews; Assyrians; Kurds; and Armenians. In 1923 Hatay was attached to the State of Aleppo, and in 1925 it was directly attached to the French mandate of Syria, still with special administrative status. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Turkish War of Independence is a part of the History of Turkey that spans from the defeat of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies in World War I to the declaration of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... The French Mandate of Syria was a League of Nations Mandate created after the First World War when the Ottoman Empire was split by the Treaty of Versailles. ... This page has been protected from editing to deal with vandalism. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In 1995 Turkeys ethnic Arab population was estimated at 800,000 to 1 million, according to the US Library of Congress Country Study. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Alawite is a Middle Eastern Syria. ... The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ... The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that composed the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Melkite Greek Catholic Church (Arabic: , ) is an Eastern Rite sui juris particular Church of the Catholic Church in communion with the Pope. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܡܪܘܢܝܶܐ in Syriac, Mawarinah in Arabic) are members of one of the Eastern Rites of the Catholic church. ... Languages Assyrian, Chaldean, Turoyo Religions Christianity An entry was temporarily removed here. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Aleppo (or Halab Arabic: , ) is a city in northern Syria, capital of the Aleppo Governorate. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The French Mandate of Syria was a League of Nations Mandate created after the First World War when the Ottoman Empire was split by the Treaty of Versailles. ...


The 1936 elections in the sanjak returned two MPs favoring the independence of Syria from France, and this prompted communal riots as well as passionate articles in the Turkish and Syrian press. This then became the subject of a complaint to the League of Nations by the Turkish government under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk concerning alleged mistreatment of the area's Turkish populations. Atatürk demanded that Hatay become part of Turkey, claiming that the majority of its inhabitants were Turks. The sanjak was given autonomy in November 1937 in an arrangement brokered by the League. Under its new statute, the sanjak became 'distinct but not separated' from the French mandate of Syria on the diplomatic level, linked to both France and Turkey for defence matters. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ... “Mustafa Kemal” redirects here. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The French Mandate of Syria was a League of Nations Mandate created after the First World War when the Ottoman Empire was split by the Treaty of Versailles. ...


The allocation of seats in the sanjak assembly was based on the 1938 census held by the French authorities under international supervision: out of 40 seats, 22 were given to the Turks, nine for Alawi Arabs, five for Armenians, two for Sunni Arabs, and two for Christian Arabs. The assembly was appointed in the summer of 1938 and the French-Turkish treaty settling the status of the Sanjak was signed on 4th July 1938. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Flag of the "Republic of Hatay" (1938-1939)

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Republic of Hatay

Main article: Republic of Hatay

On 2 September 1938 as the Second World War loomed ever more ominously over Europe the assembly proclaimed the Republic of Hatay, taking as an excuse that rioting had broken out between Turks and Arabs.[citation needed] The Republic lasted for one year under joint French and Turkish military supervision. The name "Hatay" itself was proposed by Atatürk and the government was under Turkish control. The president Tayfur Sökmen was a member of Turkish parliament elected in 1935 (representing Antalya (Greek: Αττάλεια)) and the prime minister Dr. Abdurrahman Melek, was also elected to the Turkish parliament (representing Gaziantep) in 1939 while still holding the prime-ministerial post.[citation needed] Flag of the Republic of Hatay. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Antalya (formerly known as Adalia; from Pamphylian Greek: Αττάλεια Attália) is a large town and tourist destination, situated on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Hatay Province, of Turkey

Sökmen was to be the only president of the Republic of Hatay as in 1939, following a popular referandum it became a Turkish province. The Hassa district of Gaziantep and Dörtyol district of Adana were then incorporated to the province in order to increase the Turkish proportion of the population.[citation needed] The result was a flight of many Arabs and Armenians from Hatay to other parts of Syria. France's willingness to accede to Turkish demands was at least partly influenced by its government's wariness of getting involved in a potential overseas conflict while Germany posed a clear military threat on its immediate borders.[citation needed] As World War II began just afterwards, the League of Nations didn't have time to give its opinion about this cession.[citation needed] Flag of the Republic of Hatay. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hassa is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Dörtyol is a port and oil terminus at the head of the Gulf of Ä°skenderun in southeastern Turkey. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Syria did not recognize Turkey's incorporation of Hatay and the issue has been a source of some tension between the two countries until recently. The French action to cede the province to Turkey influenced the decision of Syrian President Hashim al-Atassi to resign in protest at continued French intervention in Syrian affairs, maintaining that the French were obliged to refuse the annexation of Hatay under the Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence of 1936. However, under the leadership of Syrian Presdident Bashar al Assad from 2000 onwards there was a lessening of tensions between Turkey and Syria over the Hatay issue. Indeed, in early 2005, when visits from Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Turkish prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan opened a way to discussions between two states, the Syrian government announced it had no claims to sovereignty concerning Hatay any more. ?[2] President Hashim al-Atassi Hashim (Bay Khalid) al-Atassi (1875 - Dec. ... The National Bloc signing the Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence in Paris in 1936. ... Bashar al_Assad Bashar al_Assad (بشار الاسد) (born September 11, 1965) is the current President of Syria and the son of former President Hafez al-Assad. ... Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941 in Afyonkarahisar) is the tenth and current President of the Republic of Turkey. ... Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan (born February 26, 1954), became the Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ...


Following changes to Turkish land registry legislation in 2003 a large number of properties in Hatay were purchased by Syrian nationals, mostly people who in fact had been residents of Hatay since the 1930s but had retained their Syrian citizenship and were in fact buying the properties that they already occupied. By 2006 the amount of land owned by Syrian nationals in Hatay exceeded the legal limit for foreign ownership of 0.5%, and sale of lands to foreigners was prohibited. [3] (see [[3]] for more details}. During this period the story began to spread, mainly on right-wing websites, that in 2039 the referendum will be reheld and Hatay will again have the option of rejoining Syria or France.


Places of interest

With its hilly countryside and a number of places of historical and religious interest Hatay is attractive to visitors. There are a number of music and folklore festivals held in the province each year. Particular sites of interest include:

  • the world's second-largest collection of Roman mosaics in Antakya museum
  • the rock-carved Church of St Peter in Antakya, a site of Christian pilgrimage.
  • Gündüz cinema, once used as parliament building of the Republic of Hatay.
  • The tunnel of Vespasian, in Samandağı, built as a water channel in the 2nd century.

Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... This article is about a decorative art. ... Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (born November 17, 9, died June 23, 79), known originally as Titus Flavius Vespasianus and usually referred to in English as Vespasian, was emperor of Rome from 69 to 79. ... Samandağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ...

Notable residents

  • Semir Aslanyürek - film director (b Antakya 1956 - )
  • Hamdi Alkan - the actor and TV comedian known as Reyting Hamdi
  • Kaya Yanar - the German-born TV comedian of Was Guckst Du, his parents are from Antakya
  • Selami Şahin - comic singer, (b Yayladağı 1948 - )
  • Gökhan Güney - Arabesque singer
  • Gökhan Zan - Beşiktaş footballer, (b Hatay )

Kaya Yanar (born 10 May 1973 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany) is a German comedian best known for his comedy show Was guckst du? (Whaddaya lookin at?). Was guckst du? ... Host Yanar, of Turkish-German heitage, became famous for his comedy show Was guckst du?, which covers sketches about pretty... Yayladağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Arabesque pattern at the Alhambra An element of Islamic art usually found decorating the walls of mosques, the arabesque is an elaborate application of repeating geometric forms that often echo the forms of plants and animals. ... Gökhan Zan (born 7 September 1981) is a Turkish football defender. ... This article is about a district in İstanbul. ...

Hatay in popular culture

Hatay figured in the Indiana Jones movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, where it was portrayed as the final resting place of the Holy Grail in the "canyon of the crescent moon" outside of Alexandretta. In the movie, the Nazis offer the "sultan of Hatay" precious valuables to compensate for removing the Grail from his borders. He ignores the valuables, but accepts their Rolls-Royce Phantom II. Dr. Henry Indiana Jones, Jr. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by: Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973) Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003) Rolls-Royce Motor Cars (2003-present) // Rolls-Royce cars Rolls-Royce Limited vehicles 1904-1906 10 hp 1905-1905 15 hp 1905-1908 20 hp 1905-1906 30 hp 1905-1906... The Phantom II replaced the New Phantom in Rolls-Royces offerings in 1929. ...


The Turkish film Propaganda [4], realised in 1999 by Sinan Çetin, portrays the difficult materialisation of the Turkish-Syrian border in 1948, cutting through villages and families. Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


The 2001 film "Şelale" by local director Semir Aslanyürek was filmed in Hatay.


References

  • fr Elizabeth Picard, 'Retour au Sandjak', Maghreb-Machrek (Paris) n°99, jan.-feb.-March 1982

External links

Coordinates: 36°25′49″N, 36°10′27″E Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Mediterranean Sea Region Mediterranean Region (Akdeniz Bölgesi), // Mediterranean Region Adana Province Antalya Province Burdur Province Hatay Province Isparta Province KahramanmaraÅŸ Province Mersin province Osmaniye Province Provinces of Turkey Category: ... Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Image File history File links Turkey_mediterranean. ... Image File history File links Shows the location of the province Hatay in Turkey File links The following pages link to this file: Hatay Province ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 29 KB) Map of the districts of Hatay province in Turkey. ... Altınözü is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, ), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River (in Turkish: Asi Nehri) about 20 miles from the sea, is the seat of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Belen is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Dörtyol is a port and oil terminus at the head of the Gulf of Ä°skenderun in southeastern Turkey. ... Erzin, also known as Yesilkent is the city of Hatay with a population about 25,000. ... Hassa is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... // Ä°skenderun, also Iskenderon (formerly known in the west as Alexandretta, from Greek Ἀλεξανδρέττα; in Arabic الإسكندرون, al-ʼIskandarÅ«n), is a district and its center in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Kırıkhan is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Kumlu is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... Reyhanlı is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... SamandaÄŸ, Turkey is a town in Hatay Province, near the site of the ancient Seleucia Pieria. ... Yayladağı is a district of Hatay Province of Turkey. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Aegean Region Aegean Region (Ege Bölgesi), is one of the 7 census-defined regions of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Afyon Afyonkarahisar (also called more simply Afyon) is a province in western Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Aydın Aydın is a province of Turkey, and its located in the southwestern Anatolian district, or more specifically in the Aegan region, in Turkish called Ege bölgesi. ... shows the Location of the Province Denizli Denizli is a province of Turkey in Western Anatolia. ... Ä°zmir is a province of Turkey in western Anatolia on the Aegean coast. ... Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 170,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 930 metres above sea level. ... Manisa Province is a Province in western Turkey. ... Shows the Location of MuÄŸla province MuÄŸla province is in southwestern Turkey, along the Aegean Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province UÅŸak UÅŸak (from UÅŸÅŸak meaning lovers; alternative transliteration: Ushak) is a province in western Turkey. ... Black Sea Region // Black Sea Region Amasya Province Artvin Province Bartın Province Bayburt Province Bolu Province Çorum Province Düzce Province Giresun Province Gümüşhane Province Karabük Province Kastamonu Province Ordu Province Rize Province Samsun Province Sinop Province Tokat Province Trabzon Province Zonguldak Province Provinces of Turkey... shows the Location of the Province Amasya Amasya is a province of Turkey, situated in the Black Sea Region to the north of the country. ... Artvin Province is a province in north-eastern Turkey next to the Black Sea and Georgia (country). ... shows the Location of the Province Bartin Bartin is a small province in northern Turkey on the Black Sea, surrounding the city of Bartin. ... Location of Bayburt Province Bayburt is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Bolu Bolu is a province in north western Turkey, around the ancient city of Bolu. ... External links çankırı haberleri Categories: | ... shows the Location of the Province Düzce Düzce is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Giresun Giresun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Gumushane (Turkish Gümüşhane) is a province in north Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the East, Trabzon, to the North, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karabük Karabük is a province in north-central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Kastamonu Kastamonu is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea Region, to the north of the country. ... Location of Ordu Province Ordu is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. ... Location of Rize Province Rize is a province of Turkey and is located along the eastern part of the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Samsun Samsun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast with a population of 1,209,137 (2000). ... Shows the Location of the Province Sinop Sinop is a province of Turkey, along the Black Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province Tokat Tokat is a province in northern Turkey. ... Trabzon is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Zonguldak Zonguldak is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. ... Central Anatolia Region Central Anatolia Region (İç Anadolu Bölgesi) // Central Anatolia Region Aksaray Province Ankara Province Çankırı Province EskiÅŸehir Province Karaman Province Kayseri Province Kırıkkale Province KırÅŸehir Province Konya Province NevÅŸehir Province NiÄŸde Province Sivas Province Yozgat Province The best contry is... Location of Aksaray Province Aksaray is a province in central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ... Location of Çankırı Province Çankırı is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province EskiÅŸehir EskiÅŸehir (literal meaning: old town) is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karaman Karaman is a province of central Turkey. ... The Kayseri Province, in central Turkey, is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. ... Location of Kırıkkale Province Kırıkkale is a recently created province of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province KırÅŸehir KırÅŸehir Province is located in southern Turkey, forming part of the central Anatolian region. ... Shows the Location of the Province Konya Konya is a province of Turkey located in central Anatolia. ... Shows the Location of the Province NevÅŸehir NevÅŸehir is a province in central Turkey. ... Location of NiÄŸde Province NiÄŸde is a province in the Central Anatolian Region of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Sivas The province of Sivas is located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian region of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Yozgat Yozgat is a province in central Turkey. ... East Anatolia Region East Anatolia Region (Turkish: DoÄŸu Anadolu Bölgesi) encompasses the eastern provinces of Turkey, and it is one of the 7 non-administrative sub-division used for census purposes. ... Location of Province AÄŸrı AÄŸrı (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¡Ö€Õ¡Õ¿Õ«; Kurdish: Agirî [1]) is a province on the eastern borders of Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the North, Erzurum to the Northeast, MuÅŸ and Bitlis to the Southeast, Van to the south, and IÄŸdır to the northeast. ... shows the Location of the Province Ardahan Ardahan is a province in the northwestern-most corner of Turkey, along part of the border with Georgia. ... Map showing the location of Bingöl Province Bingöl is a province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia. ... shows the Location of the Province Bitlis Bitlis is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Elazığ Province Elazığ Province is a province of Turkey with its seat in the city of Elazığ. This province is also the source of the Euphrates river. ... Erzincan Province is a province on the Eastern region of Anatolia, and home to Erzincan, a city which was destroyed and rebuilt after a 7. ... shows the Location of the Province Erzurum Erzurum (or Erzerum, Arzen in antiquity, Karin in ancient Armenian, Theodosiupolis or Theodosiopolis during Byzantine rule) is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Eastern Anatolia Region, to the east of the country. ... Hakkâri is a province in the southeast corner of Turkey, located at the juncture of Iraq and Iran. ... shows the Location of the Province IÄŸdır Igdir is a province in eastern Turkey, located along the border with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. ... Kars is a province of Turkey, and is located in the northeastern part of the country, next to the border with Armenia. ... Malatya Province is a province in Anatolia (Turkey). ... Shows the Location of the Province MuÅŸ MuÅŸ (alternative transliteration: Mush) is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Location of Siirt Province Siirt is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Tunceli Tunceli is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... Marmara Region Marmara Region, Turkey|Marmara Region (Marmara Bölgesi) // Marmara Region Balikesir Province Bilecik Province Bursa Province Çanakkale Province Edirne Province Ä°stanbul Province Kirklareli Province Kocaeli Province Sakarya Province TekirdaÄŸ Province Yalova Province Provinces of Turkey Category: ... shows the Location of the Province Balıkesir Balıkesir is a province in midwestern Turkey, having shorelines on both Marmara and the Aegean seas. ... Location of Bilecik Province Bilecik is a province in midwest Turkey, neighboring Bursa to the east, Kocaeli and Sakarya to the north, Bolu to the west, EskiÅŸehir to the southeast and Kütahya to the south, spanning an area of 4,307 km². Population is 175,500 (1990). ... Bursa is a province in western Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara. ... shows the Location of the Province Canakkale Çanakkale is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. ... Location of Edirne Province Edirne is the westernmost province of Turkey, located in European Turkey (known in antiquity as Thrace) along the Greek border. ... Shows the Location of the Province İstanbul Istanbul Province is a province located in north-west Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Kırklareli Kırklareli is a province of northwestern Turkey on the west coast of the Black Sea. ... Kocaeli is a province of Turkey. ... Sakarya is a province of Turkey and is located in the Marmara region. ... TekirdaÄŸ province is in Trakya (Thrace), the northwestern part of Turkey. ... Yalova is a province in northwestern Turkey, along the Sea of Marmora. ... Mediterranean Sea Region Mediterranean Region (Akdeniz Bölgesi), // Mediterranean Region Adana Province Antalya Province Burdur Province Hatay Province Isparta Province KahramanmaraÅŸ Province Mersin province Osmaniye Province Provinces of Turkey Category: ... Adana Province is a province with a surface area of 14. ... Antalya province is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. ... Categories: Provinces of Turkey | Turkey geography stubs ... Location of Isparta Province Isparta is a province in southwestern Turkey. ... Location of the Province KahramanmaraÅŸ KahramanmaraÅŸ (or simply MaraÅŸ) is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Mersin Province Mersin province is in southern Turkey, along the Mediterranean coast. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Southeastern Anatolia Region Southeastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: GüneydoÄŸu Anadolu Bölgesi) // Southeastern Anatolia Region Adıyaman Province Batman Province Diyarbakır Province Gaziantep Province Kilis Province Mardin Province Åžanlıurfa Province Siirt Province Şırnak Province 2k Provinces of Turkey Categories: | ... Map showing the location of Adıyaman Province in the Kurdish region of Turkey Adıyaman is a province in south-central Turkey. ... Location of Batman Province Batman is a Turkish province in the predominantly Kurdish[1][2] southeast of Anatolia, with a population of slightly less than 500,000. ... shows the Location of the Province Diyarbakır Diyarbakır is a province in eastern Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Gaziantep Gaziantep(in kurdish: Dîlok) is a province in south-central Turkey, and is also the name of the provinces capital and largest city (population 853,513 as of 2000). ... Location of Kilis Province Kilis is a province of Turkey located in the southern central part of the country along the Syrian border. ... Map showing the location of Mardin Province of Turkey Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 835,173 (2000)[1]. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin. ... Shows the Location of the Province Åžanlıurfa Åžanlıurfa (also called simply, Urfa) is a province in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. ... Şırnak is a Turkish province in the south east of Anatolia. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Republic of Hatay (1937-1939) (541 words)
Even nowadays Syria claims that the province of Hatay is Syrian territory, and they show this in their official maps.
The flag of Hatay was almost identical to the Turkish flag, except for a concentrical red star within the white one 2/3rds the size of the first.
It is similar to the flag of Hatay, but with crescent and star less skewed to the host, and a second star in canton.
Hatay Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1028 words)
Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, situated between the Mediterranean Sea to the west and Syria to the south and east.
The French action to cede the province to Turkey influenced the decision of Syrian President Hashim al-Atassi to resign in protest at continued French intervention in Syrian affairs.
Hatay figured in the Indiana Jones movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, where it was portrayed as the final resting place of the Holy Grail in the "canyon of the crescent moon" outside of Alexandretta.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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