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Encyclopedia > Hassocks

Hassocks is a village found in West Sussex, England. A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq...


Located approximately 8 miles north of the south-coast resort town of Brighton, Hassocks was just a collection of small houses and a coaching house until the 19th century, when work started on the London to Brighton railway.


The village came into existence when construction of the railway was halted by the First World War. Hassocks was the area it stopped at, and it grew from there. It is believed the name "Hassocks" came from the tufts of grass found in the surrounding fields.


Today it has a wide variety of shops, a couple of restaurants, an infant, junior and secondary school and a well-used community centre, Adastra Hall. This is an expensive commuter area and Hassocks is near the top end for property prices in the region, though it is not quite as expensive as neighbouring Ditchling and Hurstpierpoint. These villages have many picturesque older buildings. Ditchling is a village and civil parish in the Lewes District of East Sussex, England. ... Hurstpierpoint is a village in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. ...


2 miles west of Hassocks in the adjoining village of Hurstpierpoint lies Danny House, an Elizabethan manor where David Lloyd George came to draw up terms for the armistice at the end of the first world war. Hurstpierpoint is a village in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. ...


Hassocks first became an area of population around 20,000 years ago during the Stone Age. These people were in the main nomadic up until 5,000 years ago, and then Hassocks began to change. The first farmers settled on and around the South Downs which are a mile to the south of the village. They travelled from the continent, bringing with them various types of farming livestock. Evidence of these peoples existence could be found in the form of tools and dwellings around Stonepound Crossroads and in the Parklands area.


Around 600 B.C. the first metal workers came to the area with the beginning of the Bronze Age, and a good example of an Iron Age fort is to be found on the top of Wolstonbury Hill on the South Downs.


Hassocks was not immune from the Roman invasion and a Roman cemetery was found by Stonepound Crossroads.


With the demise of the Roman Empire came an influx of Anglo Saxons and the introduction of stone made buildings, such as Clayton church which is believed to have been built around the 11th Century.


Hassocks was to be put on the map on the 2nd April 1839 when the first rail line was laid between London and Brighton. Over 6,000 navvies were hired for up to two years building, blasting and clearing rubble beneath the South Downs to create Clayton Tunnel. (The tunnel was built at a cost of £90,000 and is a good example of Victorian engineering. It is the second longest tunnel on the London to Brighton Line, some 1¼ miles long and 270 feet below ground. In 1861 there was a collision between two trains killing 25 people and injuring 176 others, which has become known as the Clayton Tunnel Disaster.)


More recently in the 1930s the Grand Avenue residential area was developed on the site of former orchards, along with several other roads.


1939 saw the beginning of World War II, and the closure of the cinema in September of that year. Evacuations then began from London bringing an additional 1,250 to the population.


On the skyline above Hassocks there are two windmills, named Jack and Jill. Jack is a tower mill and was built in 1866. Jill, a post mill, was built in Dyke Road in Brighton in 1821 and was later moved to Clayton in 1852 by a team of oxen. The working life of the mills ended in about 1906, and Jack is now in private ownership; however Jill was restored in 1986 and is open to the public from Easter to September, Sundays and Bank Holidays 2-5 PM.


Hassocks railway station serves the village. First Capital Connect and Southern provide regular train services to London and Brighton. Hassocks railway station serves Hassocks in West Sussex. ... First Capital Connect is a train operating company in the United Kingdom that began its passenger operations on the National Rail network at 02:00 BST 1 April 2006. ... Southern is the latest name of the train operating company that took over from Connex South Central on the routes to South London, Surrey, and Sussex from Victoria and London Bridge. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton & Hove. ...

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External links

  • Hassocks Village information website
  • Hassocks Football Club
  • Hasocks Parish Council
  • Hassocks Infant School
  • Windmills School
  • Downlands School

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hassocks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (664 words)
Hassocks was the area it stopped at, and it grew from there.
Hassocks was not immune from the Roman invasion and a Roman cemetery was found by Stonepound Crossroads.
Hassocks was to be put on the map on the 2nd April 1839 when the first rail line was laid between London and Brighton.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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