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Encyclopedia > Hassium
108 bohriumhassiummeitnerium
Os

Hs

(Upo)
General
Name, Symbol, Number hassium, Hs, 108
Chemical series transition metals
Group, Period, Block 8, 7, d
Appearance unknown, probably silvery
white or metallic gray
Atomic mass (269) g/mol
Electron configuration perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
(guess based on osmium)
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 14, 2
Phase presumably a solid
CAS registry number 54037-57-9
References

Hassium (eka-osmium) is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Hs and atomic number 108. It is a synthetic element whose most stable isotope is Hs-269, with a half-life of 9.7 seconds. General Name, Symbol, Number bohrium, Bh, 107 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 7, d Appearance unknown, probably silvery white or metallic gray Atomic mass (264) g/mol Electron configuration perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2 (guess based on rhenium) Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 13... Known properties Name, Symbol, Number meitnerium, 109, Mt Chemical series Transition metals Group, Period, Block 9, 7, d Appearance unknown Atomic weight [268] amu Electron configuration probably [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2 e- s per energy level 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 15, 2 State of matter Presumably a solid Meitnerium... General Name, Symbol, Number osmium, Os, 76 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 6, d Appearance silvery, blue cast Atomic mass 190. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x270, 21 KB) Image taken from en: Authors: Daniel Mayer (en:User:Maveric149) and/or Arnaud Gaillard (fr:Utilisateur:Greatpatton) File links The following pages link to this file: Hassium User:Femto/elements e10 ... For information about the period table of elements, see Periodic table. ... This is a list of chemical elements, sorted by name and color coded according to type of element. ... Categories: Chemical elements ... sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex sex... In chemistry, the term transition metal (sometimes also called a transition element) has two possible meanings: It commonly refers to any element in the d-block of the periodic table, including zinc and scandium. ... A periodic table group is a vertical column in the periodic table of the chemical elements. ... In the periodic table of the elements, a period is a row of the table. ... A block of the periodic table of elements is a set of adjacent groups. ... A Group 8 element is an element in periodic table group 8 (IUPAC style) in the periodic table, which consists of: Iron (26) Ruthenium (44) Osmium (76) Hassium (108) All of these elements are classed in Group 8 because their valence shell holds four electrons. ... A period 7 element is one of the chemical elements in the seventh row (or period) of the periodic table of the elements. ... D Block is a rap group based in Yonkers, New York. ... ... The atomic mass of a chemical element (also known as the relative atomic mass or average atomic mass or atomic weight) is the average atomic mass of all the chemical elements isotopes as found in a particular environment, weighted by isotopic abundance. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude we list here masses between 60. ... It has been suggested that Energy level be merged into this article or section. ... General Name, Symbol, Number radon, Rn, 86 Chemical series noble gases Group, Period, Block 18, 6, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass (222) g/mol Electron configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8 Physical properties Phase gas Melting point 202 K (-71 °C... General Name, Symbol, Number osmium, Os, 76 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 6, d Appearance silvery, blue cast Atomic mass 190. ... Properties The electron is a fundamental subatomic particle that carries a negative electric charge. ... A quantum mechanical system can only be in certain states, so that only certain energy levels are possible. ... In the physical sciences, a phase is a set of states of a macroscopic physical system that have relatively uniform chemical composition and physical properties (i. ... In jewelry, a solid gold piece is the alternative to gold-filled or gold-plated jewelry. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... Recommended values for many properties of the elements, together with various references, are collected on these data pages. ... Eka is a prefix for a chemical element which is listed in the periodic table under another element. ... A chemical element, often called simply element, is a chemical substance that cannot be divided or changed into other chemical substances by any ordinary chemical technique. ... The periodic table of the chemical elements is a tabular method of displaying the chemical elements, first devised in 1869 by the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev. ... The atomic number (Z) is a term used in chemistry and physics to represent the number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom. ... The chemical elements labelled as synthetic are unstable, with a half-life so short (ranging from a fraction of millisecond to a few million years) relative to the age of the Earth that any atoms of that element that may have been present when the Earth formed have long since... Half-Life For a quantity subject to exponential decay, the half-life is the time required for the quantity to fall to half of its initial value. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


History

It was first synthesized in 1984 by a German research team led by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg at the Institute for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt. The name hassium was proposed by them, derived from the Latin name for the German state of Hessen where the institute is located. This article or section should be merged with Timeline of chemical element discovery The story of the discoveries of the chemical elements is presented here in chronological order. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peter Armbruster (born July 25 1931 in Dachau, Bavaria) is a physicist at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) facility in Darmstadt, Germany, and is credited with discovering elements 108 Hassium, 109 Meitnerium, 110 (darmstadtium), 111 (roentgenium), and 112 (ununbium). ... Gottfried Münzenberg (born 1940 in Nordhausen, Germany) is a German physicist. ... The Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI, Institute for Heavy Ion Research) in Wixhausen, a suburb of Darmstadt, Germany is a federally funded heavy ion research center. ... Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hessen in Germany. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Hesse is also the name of the German writer Hermann Hesse, as well as the German mathematician Otto Hesse. ...


There was an element naming controversy as to what the elements from 101 to 109 were to be called; thus IUPAC adopted unniloctium (symbol Uno) as a temporary, systematic element name for this element. In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 108 be named hahnium. The name hassium was adopted internationally, however, in 1997. The names for the chemical elements 104 to 108 have been the subject of a major controversy starting in the 1960s which was only finally resolved in 1997. ... The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international non-governmental organization devoted to the advancement of chemistry. ... In chemistry, heavy transuranic elements receive a permanent name and symbol only after their discovery has been confirmed. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
It's Elemental - The Element Hassium (115 words)
Hassium was first produced by Peter Armbruster, Gottfried Münzenber and their team working at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany in 1984.
This produced atoms of hassium-265, an isotope with a half-life of about 2 milliseconds (0.002 seconds), and a free neutron.
Hassium's most stable isotope, hassium-277, has a half-life of about 12 minutes.
Chemistry of Hassium, Element 108 (505 words)
The researchers established that hassium forms a gaseous oxide similar to that of osmium, confirming that hassium, like osmium, is a member of group 8 of the periodic table and should be placed directly under it.
Hassium does not exist in nature but must be created one atom at a time by fusing lighter nuclei.
Hassium oxide was found to condense at a higher temperature than osmium oxide, indicating that it is less volatile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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