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Encyclopedia > Hashima Island
View of Hashima Island from the sea
View of Hashima Island from the sea
Buildings and the "Stairway to Hell", inside of Hashima Island
Buildings and the "Stairway to Hell", inside of Hashima Island

Hashima Island (端島; meaning "Border Island"), commonly called Gunkanjima (軍艦島; meaning "Battleship Island") is one among 505 uninhabited islands in the Nagasaki Prefecture about 15 kilometers from Nagasaki itself. The island was populated from 1887 to 1974 as a coal mining facility. The island's most notable features are the abandoned concrete buildings and the sea wall surrounding it. Mitsukejima Mitsukejima (見付島; meaning Found Island) is an uninhabited island in Suzu, Ishikawa, Japan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 960 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 960 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (896 × 672 pixel, file size: 173 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (896 × 672 pixel, file size: 173 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Oranda-zaka (Dutch Slope) in Nagasaki Castle in Shimabara The island of Hirado boasts a fine castle Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県; Nagasaki-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... Nagasaki ) ( ) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... A seawall is a form of hard coastal defense that are constructed on the inland part of a coast to reduce the effects of strong waves, typically to defend the coast around a town or harbour from erosion. ...


"Battleship Island" is an English translation of the Japanese nickname for Hashima Island, "Gunkan-jima". The island's nickname came from its apparent resemblance to a battleship, or "gunkan" ("jima" means "island") due to its high sea-walls. It also is known as the Ghost Island. It is known for its coal mines and their operation during the industrialization of Japan. Mitsubishi bought the island in 1890 and began the project, the aim of which was retrieving coal from the bottom of the sea. They built Japan's first large concrete building, a block of apartments in 1916 to accommodate their burgeoning ranks of workers, and to protect against typhoon destruction. The firepower of a battleship demonstrated by USS Iowa A battleship is a large, heavily-armored warship with a main battery consisting of the largest caliber of guns. ... Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ... Mitsubishi Logo The Mitsubishi Group ), Mitsubishi Group of Companies, or Mitsubishi Companies, all refer to a large grouping of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... A red brick apartment block in central London, England, on the north bank of the Thames An apartment building, block of flats or tenement is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (US) or flats (UK). ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ...


In 1959, its population density was 835 people per hectare for the whole island, or 1,391 per hectare for the residential district, one of the highest population density ever recorded worldwide. As petroleum replaced coal in Japan in the 1960s, coal mines began shutting down all over the country, and Hashima's mines were no exception. Mitsubishi officially announced the closing of the mine in 1974, and today it is empty and bare, which is why it's called the Ghost Island. Travel to Hashima is currently prohibited. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


Trivia

  • The movie Midori Naki Shima (The Greenless Island, 1949) was shot there, Gunkanjima is also the location for Wild Seven's stronghold in the 2003 blockbuster movie Battle Royale II: Requiem.
  • Sound artist Mika Bjorklund's latest project dedicated to Gunkanjima.

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kinji Fukasaku started work on a sequel to Battle Royale, Battle Royale II: Requiem in 2003 but died of bone cancer on January 12, 2003, after shooting only one scene. ... “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... killer7 is a video game jointly developed and published by Grasshopper Manufacture and Capcom for the GameCube and PlayStation 2. ... Okazaki Ritsuko (岡崎 律子, 29 December 1959–5 May 2004) was a Japanese singer-songwriter and author, known for her contribution to various anime series such as Fruits Basket. ...

Reference

Brian Burke-Gaffney, "Hashima: The Ghost Island". In Crossroads: A Journal of Nagasaki History and Culture, No.4, Summer 1996, pp.33-52. ISSN:0919-6102 Click here for the text of the article.


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