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Encyclopedia > Harz

The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. The northernmost mountain chain of Germany, it straddles the border between the states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. The name Harz derives from a Middle High German word meaning "forest". The Republic of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), being eleventh in size with an area of 16,200 km² and twelfth most populous with 2. ...


The Harz has a length of 95 km (southeast to northwest) and a width of 35 km. It occupies an area of about 2000 km², and reaches its highest point at the Brocken (1141 m), situated in Saxony-Anhalt. The Wurmberg (971 m) is the highest peak in the Lower Saxony part. 600,000 people live in towns and villages of the Harz mountains. The Brocken, or Blocksberg, is the highest peak (1142 meters) in the Germany, between the rivers Weser and Elbe. ...

The Harz is divided into the Upper Harz (Oberharz) in the northwest and the Lower Harz (Unterharz) in the southeast. The Upper Harz has a higher elevation and features fir forests, while the Lower Harz gradually descends towards the surrounding land and has deciduous forests mingled with meadows. FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ...


The settlement of the Harz began only 1000 years ago. In ancient times dense forests made the region inaccessible. 968 saw the discovery of silver deposits near the town of Goslar, and mines became established in the following centuries throughout the mountains. The wealth of the region declined after these mines became exhausted in the early 19th century. People abandoned the towns for a short time, but prosperity eventually returned with tourism. Between 1945 and 1990 an international border ran through the Harz, the west belonging to the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the east to the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). Today the Harz forms a popular tourist destination for summer hiking as well as winter sports. Events Births Emperor Kazan of Japan Ethelred II of England Romanus Argyrus, later Romanus III of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... Goslar is a historic town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Auferstanden aus Ruinen   Capital East Berlin, in spite of status as part of an occupied city Government Socialist state  - Last Head of State Sabine Bergmann-Pohl  - Last Head of Government Lothar de Maizière History    - Established October 7, 1949   - Final Settlement September 25, 1990   - Disestablished October 3, 1990  Area...


The Harz National Park is located in the Harz; it covers the Brocken and surrounding wilderness areas. The Harz National Park is a nature reserve in Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ...

Contents

Towns in the Harz and near the Harz

This article needs to be updated. ... Oberharz is a Samtgemeinde (collective municipality) in the district of Goslar, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Bad Gandersheim Bad Gandersheim is a city in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the district Northeim. ... Bad Grund is a town and a municipality in the district of Osterode, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Location within Germany Harzburg-Spa is a spa-town in the centre of Germany, in the Goslar district, Lower Saxony. ... Bad Lauterberg is a town and a municipality in the district of Osterode, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Bad Sachsa is a town and a municipality in the district of Osterode, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Benneckenstein is a town in the district of Wernigerode, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Braunlage is a health resort in the Goslar district in Lower Saxony in Germany. ... Clausthal-Zellerfeld is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Derenburg is a town in the district of Wernigerode, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Gernrode is a city in Germany, in the district (Kreis) of Quedlinburg in the state (Bundesland) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Goslar is a historic town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Liebfrauenkirche Halberstadt is a city in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Hasselfelde is a town in the district of Wernigerode, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Herzberg may refer to: Several places in Germany, including Herzberg am Harz, a town in the Osterode district of Lower Saxony Herzberg (Elster), a district of Brandenburg Herzberg (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) It is also the surname of: Frederick Herzberg, Psychologist Gerhard Herzberg, Chemist There is also an asteroid called Herzberg... Ilfeld, a town in Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, situated at the south foot of the Harz, at the entrance to the Bährethal, 8 miles north from Nordhausen by the railway to Wernigerode. ... Ilsenburg, a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, romantically situated under the north foot of the Harz Mountains, at the entrance to the Ilsethal, 6 miles NW. from Wernigerode by the railway (Deutsche Bundesbahn InterRegio route) to Goslar. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ... Osterode am Harz is a town in Lower Saxony and the capital of the Osterode District. ... Roland The city of Quedlinburg in the German Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt has existed since at least the early ninth century, when a settlement known as Gross Orden existed at the site of the modern Quedlinburg. ... Sankt Andreasberg is a town and a municipality in the district of Goslar, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Schierke is an attractive Harz mountains village, formerly just inside the GDR border. ... Seesen is a town and a municipality in the district of Goslar, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Stolberg is a town the district of Sangerhausen, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Look up Tannenbaum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Thale (pronunciation: TAH-leh) is a Saxony-Anhalt (German) municipality in the district of Quedlinberg. ... Formerly one of the most celebrated Cistercian abbeys of Germany, situated in the Duchy of Brunswick between Lauterberg and Nordhausen. ... Wernigerode Castle Wernigerode is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ...

Transport in the Harz

The Harz Narrow Gauge Railway (German: Harzer Schmalspurbahnen) is a very popular mode of transport especially with tourists. Many people come to the Harz mountains just for this old fashioned steam train. Narrow gauge group of railway lines running in the Harz Mountains of Germany. ...


Aside from that, the Harz is connected to the rest of Germany by motorway A7 from Hamburg, Hannover or Kassel to Seesen/Rhüden and Lautenthal, A395 from Braunschweig to Bad Harzburg, the national roads B6, B 27, B 234 and many others. The motorway A 38 south of the Harz mountains connecting Leipzig and Kassel is currently partly finished, partly under construction. Braunschweig (historic English name Brunswick, Low Saxon Brunswiek) is a city of 245,500 people (as of December 31, 2004), located in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Location within Germany Harzburg-Spa is a spa-town in the centre of Germany, in the Goslar district, Lower Saxony. ...


Rivers originating in the Harz

Innerste, Laute, Grane, Oker, Ilse, Holtemme, Bode, Selke, Wipper, Thyra, Zorge, Oder, Söse. The Innerste is a river in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Onomastics and disambiguational informations about the words and surnames Laut, Lauter-. Look up Laut in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Oker is a river in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Ilse (born Ilse María Olivo Schweinfurth on November 27, 1965 in Caracas, Venezuela) is a Mexican singer and telenovela actress. ... For the signal processing graph, see Bode plot. ... The Wipper is a river in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, left tributary of the Saale. ...


External links

  • http://www.harz-paradies.de/ - Touristic information about the holiday area Harz, Germany
  • http://www.harzsagen.de/ - Lore and tales from the Harz
  • http://www.harz-travel.de/ - Accomodation in the Harz Mountains, Germany
  • http://www.harzregion.de/ - Homepage of the Regionalverband Harz e.V., the Harz Regional Alliance
  • http://www.nationalpark-harz.de/
  • The Harz in 18,000 pictures (in German or French)
  • http://ch.dmoz.org/World/Deutsch/Regional/Europa/Deutschland/Regionen/Harz/ - About the Harz region
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Harz

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harz Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 (1077 words)
The last bear was killed in the Harz in 1705, and the last lynx in 1817, and since that time the wolf too has become extinct; but deer, foxes, wild cats and badgers are still found in the forests.
The Harz is one of the richest mineral storehouses in Germany, and the chief industry is mining, which has been carried on since the middle of the 10th century.
The Harz was the last stronghold of paganism in Germany, and to that fact are due the legends, in which no district is richer, and the fanciful names given by the people to peculiar objects and appearances of nature.
Harz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (490 words)
Between 1945 and 1990 an international border ran through the Harz, the west belonging to the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the east to the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
The Harz National Park is located in the Harz; it covers the Brocken and surrounding wilderness areas.
Aside from that, the Harz is connected to the rest of Germany by motorway A7 from Hamburg, Hannover or Kassel to Seesen/Rhüden and Lautenthal, A395 from Braunschweig to Bad Harzburg, the national roads B6, B 27, B 234 and many others.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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