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Encyclopedia > Haryana
  ?हरियाणा
ਹਰਿਆਣਾ

Haryana
India
Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73, 76.78
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 44,212 km² (17,070 sq mi)
Capital Chandigarh
Largest city Faridabad
District(s) 20
Population
Density
21,082,989 (16th)
• 477 /km² (1,235 /sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi and Punjabi
Governor A.R. Kidwai
Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda
Established 1966-11-01
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (90)
ISO abbreviation IN-HR
Website: haryana.gov.in
Seal of Haryana
Seal of Haryana

Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73, 76.78 Hoshiarpur District is a district of Punjab state in northern India. ... For the Indian state, see Haryana. ... Image File history File links India_Haryana_locator_map. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... The state of Haryana was created from Punjab on 1 November 1966. ... Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai is an Indian politician. ... Chief Ministers of Haryana See Also Haryana Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Haryana | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Bhupinder Singh Hooda (born September 15, 1927) is an Indian politician and the current Chief Minister of Haryana. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Haryana (Hindi: हरियाणा, Punjabi: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: [hərɪjaːɳaː]) is a state in north India. It was carved out of the state of Punjab in 1966. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and Rajasthan to the west and south. Eastern border to Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh is defined by river Yamuna. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region. The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh which is administered as a union territory and is also the capital of Punjab. Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is an informal name for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi as well as the neighbouring satellite towns of Faridabad and Gurgaon in Haryana, and Noida, Greater Noida and Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ...


State wise Haryana have the third highest per capita income in the country at Rs 29,887(year 2006) after capital Delhi and state of Goa.[1] Haryana is considered as the current growth engine of India.[2]Haryana is the leading industralized state of india and its share in National Production is:[3] For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... In music, see the following intervals: Major third Minor third The mediant, and the chord built on the mediant, is often called simply the third, as it is the third degree of the diatonic scale. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Growth can mean increase in spatial number or complexity for concrete entities in time or increase in some other dimension for abstract or hard-to-measure entities. ... For other uses, see Engine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... National can refer to: Look up national in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

The city of Gurgaon is emerging as a major hub for the information technology and automobile industry. It is a leading manufacturing hub as it is also home to Maruti Udyog Limited, India's largest automobile manufacturer, and Hero Honda Limited, the world's largest manufacturer of two-wheelers. Panipat, Panchkula and Faridabad are also industrial hubs, with the Panipat Refinery being the second largest refinery in South Asia. There is also an established steel and textile industry in the state of Haryana. The name Haryana itself means “The Abode of God” from Hari (the Hindu god Vishnu) and ayana (home)[4]. Car redirects here. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ... Refrigeration (from the Latin frigus, frost) is generally the cooling of a body by the transfer of a portion of its heat away from it. ... A modern farm tractor. ... This mountain bicycle features oversized tires, a sturdy frame, front shock absorbers, and handlebars oriented perpendicular to the bikes axis Bicycle may also refer to Bicycle Playing Cards. ... An instrument is a concrete or abstract tool intended for a purpose other than mechanical work, in particular a refined one. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Car redirects here. ... Maruti Udyog Ltd is one of Indias leading automobile manufacturers. ... Car redirects here. ... Hero Honda Motors Ltd is the Worlds largest manufacturer of motorcycles (by quantity). ... , Panipat   (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. ... , Panchkula (Hindi: , Punjabi: ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ...

Contents

History

See also: Punjab region and History of the Punjab

Although Haryana is no longer a part of the state of Punjab, it was for a long time part of the Punjab province of British India and played a vital role in the history of the Punjab region. This article is about the geographical region. ... The first known use of the word Punjab is in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by Sher Khan of Punjab. The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the territory... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... This article is about the geographical region. ...


Vedic period

Many settlements dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization have been found along river Saraswati bed, at Naurangabad and Mittathal in Bhiwani District, Kunal, in Fatehabad District, Agroha and Rakhigarhi in Hisar District, Rukhi in Rohtak District and Banawali in Sirsa District. The ancient Vedic civilization also flourished on the banks of the Saraswati, and the hymns of Rigveda were composed here. Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ... Bhiwani, a district in Haryana, India, has an area of 5099 sq. ... Kunal(3rd Century B.C) was the son of Emperor Ashoka and Queen Padmavati. ... Fatehabada is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... An ancient town in Haryana, associated with the Agrawal community. ... Rakhigarhi, or Rakhi Garhi, is a village in Hissar district in the northwest Indian state of Haryana, around 150 kilometers from Delhi. ... Hisar district is one of the 19 districts of Haryana state, India, and Hisar town is the district headquarters. ... Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a district in Haryana, India. ... Banawali (Devanagari: बन्वालि) is an Indus Valley site in Hissar, Haryana, about 120 km northeast of Kalibangan. ... Sirsa is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sirsa town is the district headquarters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Rig veda is the oldest text in the world. ...


In some ancient Hindu texts, the boundaries of Kurukshetra correspond roughly to the state of Haryana. Thus according to the Taittiriya Aranyaka 5.1.1., the Kurukshetra region is south of Turghna (Srughna/Sugh in Sirhind, Punjab), north of Khandava (Delhi and Mewat region), east of Maru (desert) and west of Parin.[5] Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Sirhind means head of Hindus. ... Mewat is a region of Rajasthan and Haryana states in northwestern India. ...

The epic battle of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra

Mahabharata, the great epic of India mentions Haryana as Bahudhhanyaka, 'land of plentiful grains' and Bahudhana, 'land of immense riches'. Several places mentioned in Mahabharata correspond to modern day cities in Haryana: Prithudaka (Pehowa), Tilprastha (Tilput), Panprastha (Panipat) and Sonprastha (Sonipat).Gurgaon refers to the village of the Guru Dronacharya . The great battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas took place near the city of Kurukshetra. Krishna preached the Bhagvad Gita to the reluctant Arjuna there. .For eighteen days following that, armies from all over India battled in the plains of Kurukshetra to decide who sits on the throne of Hastinapur. Maharaja Agrasen is said to have established a flourishing city of merchants at Agroha near modern Hisar. Legend has it that anyone wishing to settle in the city was given a brick and a rupee by each of the city's lakh residents. Thus, they would have enough bricks to build a house and enough money to start a business of their own. Image File history File links Kurukshetrawar. ... Image File history File links Kurukshetrawar. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Pehowa is a city and a municipal committee in Kurukshetra district in the Indian state of Haryana. ... , Panipat   (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. ... SONIPAT earlier known as SONPRASTHA,Later as SWARNPRASTHA,apbramsha altered to SWARNPAT,,,,is presently known as SONIPAT.this district touches delhi on one end,panipat on the other,the yamuna river acting as a border in one direction and rohtak on the other side. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... In the epic Mahabharata, Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droNa) or Dronacharya (द्रोणाचार्य, droNāchārya) is the royal guru to the Kauravas and the Pandavas. ... Combatants Pandavas led by Dhristadyumna Kauravas led by Bhishma Commanders Arjuna Bhima Yudhishthira Nakula Sahadeva Bhishma Drona Karna Duryodhana Ashwatthama Strength 7 Akshauhinis 1,530,900 soldiers 11 Akshauhinis 2,405,700 soldiers Casualties Almost Total Only 7 survivors - the five Pandavas, Krishna, and Satyaki Almost Total Only 3 survivors... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Bhagavad GÄ«ta भगवद् गीता, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... For other uses, please see Arjun. ... , Hastinapur (Hindi: ) (Hastinapura in Sanskrit) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Agrasen (Maharaja Agrasen, Emperor Agrasen, Devanagari: महाराजा अग्रसेन) was the ancient Indian king of Agroha, a city of traders, from whom the Agrawal community traces its origin. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... A lakh (Hindi/Nepali : लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Telugu : లక్ష, Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Pakistan. ...


Medieval period

After ousting the Huns, king Harshavardhana established his capital at Thanesar near Kurukshetra in the 7th century AD. After his death, the kingdom disintegrated. The region, however, remained strategically important for the rulers of Delhi, as it lay in the path of invaders from the northwest. Prithviraj Chauhan established a fort at Hansi in the 12th century. Muhammad Ghori conquered this area in the Second Battle of Tarain. Following his death, the Delhi Sultanate was established that ruled much of India for several centuries. The earliest reference to 'Hariana' occurs in a Sanskrit inscription dated 1328 AD kept in Delhi Museum which refers to this region as The heaven on earth, indicating that it was fertile and relatively peaceful at that time. Firoz Shah Tughlaq established a fort at Hisar in 1354 to further fortify the region. For other uses, see Hun (disambiguation). ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Thanesar is an old and historic town on the banks of the Ghaggar river in North India, located approximately 160 km northwest of Delhi. ... Prithviraj III (1165?-1192) was a king of the Rajput Chauhan (Chahamana) dynasty. ... Hansi is an ancient town in the Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India. ... Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... Firuz Shah Tughlaq (also known as Firoz Shah Tughluq) was a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty (1351 - 1388). ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ...


The three famous battles of Panipat took place near the modern town of Panipat. The first battle took place in 1526, where Babur, the ruler of Kabul defeated Ibrahim Lodi of the Delhi Sultanate, through the use of field artillery. This battle marked the beginning of the Mughal empire in India. In the second battle of Panipat (November 5, 1556), Akbar's general Bairam Khan defeated Hemu, and paved the way for Akbar's reign. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan warlord Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau of Pune. Ahmad Shah won decisively, on January 13, 1761. , Panipat   (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. ... The first battle of Panipat took place in northern India, and marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire. ... Zāhir ud-DÄ«n Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Ibrahim Lodi (died April 21, 1526) was the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Union Army gun squad at drill, c. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... The Second Battle of Panipat took place on November 5, 1556. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Bairam Khan (Persian: بيرام خان) (d. ... Hemuchandra or Hemu was an Indian military leader. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


British Raj

During the British Raj, most of Haryana formed part of the Punjab province. Some parts were ruled by the princely states of Loharu, Nabha, Jind and Patiala. During the Indian rebellion of 1857, several leaders from this region, including Rao Tula Ram, participated actively. Later,during the Indian Freedom fight people from Haryana took part actively and fought a lot of battles with them. A lot of battles were fought by not only the Kings of territories but by the farmers also. British army was defeated at a lot of places. Some most important fights were from Sonipat , Rohtak , Sirsa and Hissar. In Sirsa the famous battle of Chormar was fought.Later, leaders like Sir Chhotu Ram played an important role in the politics of the Punjab province. Rao Tula Ram was one of the most important leaders of the 1857 revolt. Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... This article is about the geographical region. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nabha is a city in north-western India and lies to the south-east of the state of Punjab in Patiala District. ... , Jind (Hindi: जींद) is a town in Jind District, Haryana state, India. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... Rao Tula Ram was one of the most important leaders of the 1857 revolt. ... Childhood Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945) was born on 24 November 1881 in Olan clan of Jat Hindu family in village Garhi Sampla of district Rohtak in Haryana, India. ... Rao Tula Ram was one of the most important leaders of the 1857 revolt. ...


Formation of Haryana

On 1 November 1966, Haryana was carved out on the basis of that the parts of Punjab which were to be Haryana's "Hindi-speaking areas."Same example was followed in creation of Himachal Pradesh as well. Haryana state was formed on the recommendation of the Sardar Hukam Singh Parliamentary Committee. The formation of this committee was announced in the Parliament on 23 September 1965. On 23 April, 1966, acting on the recommendation of the Hukam Singh Committee, the Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice J. C. Shah, to divide and set up the boundaries of Panjab and Haryana.The commission gave its report on 31 May, 1966. According to this report the then districts of Hissar, Mahendergarh, Gurgaon, Rohtak, and Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further the Tehsils of Jind (district Sangrur), Narwana (district Sangrur) Naraingarh, Ambalaand Jagadhari were also included. The commission recommended that Tehsil Kharar (including Chandigarh) should also be a part fo Haryana.[6] The city of Chandigarh, also a Punjabi speaking area of district Rupnagar was made a union territory to serve as capital of both these states. Chandigarh was due to transfer to state of Punjab in 1986, according to the Rajiv-Longowal Accord, but the transfer has been delayed pending an agreement on which parts of the supposedly Hindi speaking areas of Abohar and Fazilka, currently part of Firozpur District of Punjab, that should be transferred to Haryana in exchange. is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Sardar Hukam Singh was speaker of Lok Sabha from 1962 to 1967. ... Hissar (also spelled Hisar or Hissarya) is a small resort town in Bulgaria, in Plovdiv Region. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ... Karnal district, in Haryana, India, has an area of 1,967 sq km and its population is 8,85,000. ... , Jind (Hindi: जींद) is a town in Jind District, Haryana state, India. ... , Narwana is a city and a municipal committee in Jind district in the Indian state of Haryana. ... Naraingarh is a city and a municipal committee in Ambala district in the Indian state of Haryana. ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... , Rupnagar is a town and a municipal council in Rupnagar district in the Indian state of Punjab. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Anthem: Deh Shiva Bar Mohe Official languages Punjabi and English Khālistān (East Punjabi: ), official title Sikh Republic of Khalistan, was the name given by Jagjit Singh Chauhan, to a proposed nation-state based on theocratic fundamentalism. ... , Abohar (Hindi: अबोहर) is a city and a municipal council in Firozpur district in the state of Punjab, India, located on the Ganganagar–Delhi railway route, nearly 50 km from Ganganagar. ... , Fazilka is a city and a municipal council in Firozpur district in the state of Punjab, India. ... Ferozepur District is one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ...


Geography

Morni Hills in Haryana
Morni Hills in Haryana

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is located between 27°37' to 30°35' N latitude and between 74°28' and 77°36' E longitude. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 2 kilometres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km² is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features.

Rivers of Haryana: The river Yamuna flows along its eastern boundary. The ancient Saraswati river was thought to have flowed through Haryana but it has now disappeared. The river Ghaggar is its main seasonal river. It rises up in the outer Himalayas between the Yamuna and the Sutluj and enters Haryana near Pinjore, district Panchkula. Passing through Ambala and Hissar it reaches Bikaner in Rajasthan and runs a course of 290 miles before disappearing in the deserts of Rajasthan. The Markanda river's ancient name was Aruna. A seasonal stream like the Ghaggar, it originates from the lower Shivalik hills and enters Haryana near Ambala. During monsoons, this stream swells up into a raging torrent notorious for its devastating power. The surplus water is carried on to the Sanisa lake where the Markanda joins the Saraswati. An important tributary is the Tangri. The Sahibi originates in the Mewat hills near Jitgarh and Manoharpur in Rajasthan. Gathering volume from about a hundred tributaries, it reaches voluminous proportions, forming a broad stream around Alwar and Patan. On reaching Rohtak it branches off into two smaller streams, finally reaching the outskirts of Delhi and flowing into the Yamuna. There are three other rivulets in and around the Mewat hills – Indori, Dohan and Kasavati and they all flow northwards from the south.[7] Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ... The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ... The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... , Panchkula (Hindi: , Punjabi: ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Hissar (also spelled Hisar or Hissarya) is a small resort town in Bulgaria, in Plovdiv Region. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Alwar is famous for its scenic landscape Alwar is a city in the Rajasthan state of western India. ... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ...


Climate

Climate of Haryana is similar to other states of India lying in the northern plains. It is very hot in summer (up to a high of 50 deg Celsius) and cold in winters (down to a low of 1 deg Celsius). The hottest months are May and June and the coldest being December and January. Rainfall is varied, with Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season (July-September) and sometimes causes local flooding.[8] For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see June (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Flora and Fauna of Haryana

Throny dry deciduos forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state.During the monsoon a carpet of grass covers the hills.Mulberry,eucalyptus,pine,kikar,sheesham and babul are some of the trees found here.The fauna found here are black buck,blue bull,panther,foxes,mongooses,jackles and wild dogs. This article is about a community of trees. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mulberry (disambiguation). ... This article is about the plant genus. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... Binomial name Antelope cervicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The Black Buck (Antelope cervicapra) or Indian Black Buck antelope, is a small antelope native to Northern India, Pakistan and Nepal. ... Blue bull, biological name Boselephus Tragocamelus, is found from the base of Himalayas down to the state of Karnataka, Assam and West Bengal, and some parts of Bihar. ... This article is about the animal. ... A red fox The foxes comprise 23 species of omnivorous canids, found worldwide. ... Genera 17 genera, see text The mongoose is any member of the Herpestidae family of small, cat-like carnivores. ... Wild Dogs were a band featuring current Journey drummer Deen Castronovo. ...


Demographics

Rani talab Mandir Jind

The population of Haryana, according to the 2001 census, is 21,144,000, with 11,364,000 males and 9,781,000 females. The population density is 477 people/sq km. Haryana, along with neighboring Punjab, has a skewed sex ratio, with many more men than women. Selective abortion of female fetuses is known to occur, reflecting a widespread favor for the male child. , Jind (Hindi: जींद) is a town in Jind District, Haryana state, India. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ... Fetus at eight weeks A fetus (alternatively foetus or fœtus) is an embryo in later stages of development, from the third month of pregnancy until birth in humans. ...


Hindus make up about 88.2% of the population (Jats being more than a third of the population), Muslims 5.8%, Sikhs 5.5%, Jains 0.3% and Buddhist .01% [9] Muslims are mainly in the Mahendragarh district, while Sikhs are mostly in the districts adjoining Punjab. This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Jats are now preeminently a farming community. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Mahendragarh is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ...


Agriculture and related industry has been the backbone of the local economy. Today there is an influx of immigrants from across the nation, primarily from Bihar, Bengal and Nepal. For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ...


Culture of Haryana

Haryana is proud of a rich cultural heritage that goes way back to the Vedic times. The state is rich in folklore. The people of Haryana have their own traditions. The age old customs of meditation, Yoga and chanting of Vedic Mantras, are still observed by the masses. The seasonal and religious festivals glorify the culture of this region. The dance is said to be the mother of all arts. Music and poetry exist in tune, painting and architecture in space. The dance is just not a form of recreation but something needed to release the physical and emotional energy. Folk dances, like other creative art, helps in sublimating the performer's worries and cares. Vedic may refer to: Ancient India the Vedic civilization the Vedas, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan texts Vedic Sanskrit, their language (see also Vedic meter, Vedic accent, Vedic chant and Shrauta) the historical Vedic religion traditional Hindu culture: Vedic astrology the Ayurveda (Vedic medicine) Ancient Vedic weights and measures modern... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ...


Haryana has always been a state of diverse races, cultures and faiths. It is on this soil that they met and fused into something truly India. The people of Haryana have preserved their old religious and social traditions. They celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm and traditional fervor. Their culture and popular art are Saangs, dramas, ballads and songs in which they take great delight. This article refers to the art form. ...


With Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English forming the main languages, there are numerous dialects which are spoken in Haryana. However, almost all of them have their base in Hindi with a smattering of Urdu and Panjabi thrown in. Sanskrit is also taught in most of the schools in Haryana. In towns and cities, English is still to be adopted as the household lingo, but is spoken in a hazy mixture of Hindi. The most striking feature of Haryana is its language itself; or rather, the manner in which it is spoken. Popularly known as Haryanavi, Bangaru or Jatu (language of Jats), it is perhaps a bit crude, but full of earthy humor and straightforwardness. With rapid urbanization, and due to Haryana's close proximity to Delhi, the cultural aspects are now taking a more modern hue. Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hariyanavi or Jatu or Bangaru is a dialect of Hindi language, spoken in Haryana. ... Jats are now preeminently a farming community. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...


Haryanvi Films in Cultural Revival

After Independence films have become one of the most powerful medium of entertainment in India. At present India is one of the top-level country in the field of film making. Hindi films are not only popular in India but also throughout the world. Besides these films, a remarkable progress has been made in regional films. South India and West Bengal have attained a remarkable position in producing regional films, depicting the cultural heritage of the various regions. However, the progress of making regional films in the Hindi belt of North India remained slow due to the fact that the Hindi knowing people of the various provinces of the Hindi heartland have been getting entertainment through Hindi films. Hence, the production of films in Gujarati, Rajasthani,Avdhi and Bhojpuri is a development of recent period. But as compared with regional films in South Indian languages, Bengali and Marathi, the progress has been slow. Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Not to be confused with Gujrati. ... The Rajasthani languages are a group of related languages spoken in India and Pakistan . ... Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of India | Language stubs ... Bangla redirects here. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ...


In the context of Haryana, the film remained very few till 1984. In the 70s, only two pictures called as Haryanvi were released Harphool Singh and Beera Shera! Both the films failed in catching the imagination of Haryanvis because they did not represent the true culture of Haryana. After the failure of these two Haryanvi films, nobody dared to produce a Haryanvi film for a decade. However, in 1980 some youngster having interest in the production of Haryanvi films approached Devi Shankar Prabhakar to help them in the cause.


When Chandrawal was released in March, 1984, it created a stir in the film industry. Chandrawal has broken all records on the box office in Haryana, Western U.P., Delhi and parts of Rajasthan of the great-hit Hindi films like Sholay andBobby. The entire cost of the film was recovered from the window of Gagan Cinema, Faridabad where the film celebrated Silver Jubilee. In Western U.P. the film even surpassed the success in Haryana when it celebrated its Golden Jubilee at Muzaffarnagar and Silver Jubilee at Meerut, Shamli and Saharanpur. Chandrawal has set a world record when the Producers honoured a dozen of cine goers of Haryana and Western U.P. who witnessed 'Chandrawal' more than 200 times. Sholay (Hindi: शोले, Urdu: شعلے) (advertised in English as Embers or Flames) is the biggest blockbuster in the history of Bollywood, Indias Hindi film industry. ... Look up Bobby, bobby in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Muzaffarnagar   (Hindi: मुज़फ़्फ़रनगर, Urdu: مظفر نگر) is a city and a municipal board in Muzaffarnagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ...


The great and unprecedented success of Chandrawal created wide spread temptation amongst the investors for producing Haryanvi films and for making fast money. Just after Chandrawal a number of films were produced by so many producers with titles like Gulabo,Ke Sapne Ka Jikar, Chhora Haryana Ka, Bateu, Bhanwer Chameli, Chhori Supelle Ke, Panghat and others. The film produced under the banner of Parbhakar Films have maintained their face in the field. After Chandrawal came Laddo Basanti in 1985 and Phool Badan in 1986. Though, these films have not succeeded like Chandrawal for financial gains, yet both these films became popular with the people. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...


Government and politics

Like all other states of India, the head of the state of Haryana is the Governor, appointed by the President of India. His or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of the state government and is vested with most of the executive powers. Haryana’s legislature is unicameral i.e. it has one house – the Haryana Legislative Assembly, consisting of 90 members. Haryana has 5 seats in the Rajya Sabha and 10 in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament), India's national parliament. The key political players in Haryana are the Indian National Lok Dal, Bhartiya Janata Party and the ruling Indian National Congress. The present political scenario of the state is clear and has stable government. Bhupinder Singh Hooda from Rohtak city is presently the C.M.of haryana. For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Indian National Lok Dal, a political party in India, based in the state of Haryana. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , English: ), created in 1980, is a major Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... Bhupinder Singh Hooda (born September 15, 1927) is an Indian politician and the current Chief Minister of Haryana. ... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ...


Economy

When it comes to financial health Haryana is the best performing state in the country.[10] Haryana had the minimum fiscal deficit of 0.6 per cent in financial year 2006-07.[11] Haryana tops the list in terms of per capita investment in the fiscal year 2007 with an investment of Rs 1,86,045 crore.[12][13] Ninety-three of top Fortune 100 companies with their corporate offices and production bases already in Haryana.[14] Haryana, carved out of Punjab and known as its poor cousin, has edged past the state on most parameters of economic development[15]. Haryana has the largest number of rural crorepatis in india.[16] In 2006-07 Haryana received a foreign direct investment projects of over Rs 11,000 crore in the state and corporate sector. Reliance Ventures, a group company of India's largest private sector company Reliance Industries will set up a multi-product special economic zone in Haryana.[17] At an investment of Rs 40,000 crore, the project will be India's largest SEZ spread over 25,000 acres.[18][19] The state has a developed banking system with over 4500 bank branches. FINANCIAL is the weekly English-language newspaper with offices in Tbilisi, Georgia and Kiev, Ukraine. ... ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... For other uses, see Cousin (disambiguation). ... Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries or regions for the well-being of their inhabitants. ... (NSE: RELIANCE) is Indias largest private sector company with a turnover of US $19. ...


Manufacturing

Residential complexes in Gurgaon.
Residential complexes in Gurgaon.
Gurgaon is the main hub of Haryana's manufacturing and services industry.
Gurgaon is the main hub of Haryana's manufacturing and services industry.

More than a thousand medium and large industries with a capital investment of Rs. 2000 billion or $ 40.4 billion have been established in the state in mainly Gurgaon, Panchkula, Faridabad and Bahadurgarh. These include Hindustan National Glass, Maruti Udyog Limited, Escorts, Hero Honda, Alcatel, Sony, Whirlpool India, Bharti Telecom, Liberty Shoes and Hindustan Machine Tools. In addition there are more than 80,000 small-scale industrial units in the state which cumulatively bring in a substantial income for the state and its people. Yamunanagar district has a paper mill BILT, Haryana has a large production of cars, motorcycles, tractors, sanitary ware, glass container industry, gas stoves and scientific instruments.Faridabad is another big industrial part of Haryana.[20] It is home to hundreds of large scale companies like Orient fans(C.K.Birla Group), JCB India Limited, Nirigemes, Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), Yamaha Motor India Pvt. Ltd., Whirlpool, ABB Ltd., Goodyear Tyres, Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd. There are thousands of medium and small scale units as well, like Amrit Enterprises, McAma Industries. Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is the biggest centre for cheap blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weaving industry. The pickle "Pachranga International" is also well known. Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant and a National Fertilizers Limited plant. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2302 KB) Description: High rise apartments in Gurgaon Source: photo taken by User:Deepak Date: 26th December 2006 Permission: User:Deepak released it on 27th December 2005 under CC-BY-SA-2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2302 KB) Description: High rise apartments in Gurgaon Source: photo taken by User:Deepak Date: 26th December 2006 Permission: User:Deepak released it on 27th December 2005 under CC-BY-SA-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1022, 488 KB) Summary Gurgaon Skyline Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1022, 488 KB) Summary Gurgaon Skyline Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... , Panchkula (Hindi: , Punjabi: ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Bahadurgarh is a city and a municipal council in Jhajjar district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Maruti Udyog Ltd is one of Indias leading automobile manufacturers. ... Look up escort in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hero Honda Motors Ltd is the Worlds largest manufacturer of motorcycles (by quantity). ... Alcatel SA is a global company, headquartered in France that provides hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Whirlpool Corporation (NYSE: WHR) is the worlds leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances,with annual sales of approximately $18 billion, more than 73,000 employees, and more than 70 manufacturing and technology research centers around the world. ... Logo of Bharti Televentures Bharti Telecom is among Indias largest mobile phone operators. ... Hindustan Machine Tools was incorporated in 1953 by the Government of India as a machine tool manufacturing company. ... Ballarpur Industries Limited, also known as BILT or B.I.L.T. Is a Thapar group company. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... Glass bottles for cucumber slices Glass containers are a common part of everyday life - we enjoy beverages such as water, soft drink, juice, beer, wine, spirit from bottles - jams and spreads from jars. ... A stove is a heat-producing device. ... Laboratory equipment refers to the various tools and equipment used by scientists working in a laboratory. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... This article is about the water movement. ... , Panipat   (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. ... Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. ... National Thermal Power Corporation is the largest power generation company in India. ... National Fertilizers Limited is a Government of India undertaking (also known as a public sector company) that makes fertilizers and related chemicals. ...


Service Industry

Gurgaon is the best city for setting up a software or BPO centre in India[21]. This is according to a research on Offshore Competitiveness conducted by neoIT, an offshoring consultancy. Gurgaon, has seen emergence of an active information technology industry in the recent years. With organisations like IBM, Hewitt Associates, Dell, Convergys, United Healthcare and NIIT setting up back offices or contact centers in Gurgaon. Establishment of Nano City[22] a joint venture between the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) and Nano Works Developers Private Ltd, a company promoted by Sabeer Bhatia, the much talked about creator of Hotmail will further boost the state position in this sector. , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Hewitt Associates LLC, NYSE: HEW, based in Lincolnshire, Illinois is a global human resources (HR) outsourcing and consulting firm delivering a complete range of integrated services to help companies manage their total HR and employee costs, enhance HR services, and improve their workforces. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Convergys (NYSE: CVG) is a multi-national corporation that provides management consulting services, outsourced billing, customer care and employee care, and transaction management software. ... NIIT is a computer training and software solutions company based in New Delhi, India. ... Sabeer Bhatia (सबीर भाटिया) is a co-founder of Hotmail and an entrepreneur. ... Hotmail is a free webmail e-mail service, which is accessible via a web browser. ...


Macro-economic trend

Maruti Suzuki plant at Gurgaon
Maruti Suzuki plant at Gurgaon

This is a chart of trend of gross state domestic product of Haryana at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in Crore Rupees.[23] A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... The Rupee (₨ or Rs. ...

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1999-2000 50,787
2000-2001 56,955
2001-2002 63,489
2002-2003 69,653
2003-2004 78,816
2004-2005 89,431
2005-2006 100,676
2007-2008 1,01,319.42

[24]

The contribution of primary, secondary and tertiary sectors for the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) in 2007-08 is Rs. 21,265.92 crore, Rs. 30,919.95 crore and Rs.49,133.55 crore respectively Over 3% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Haryana.


Agriculture

Fertile Plains of haryana

Despite recent industrial development, Haryana is primarily an agricultural state. About 70% of residents are engaged in agriculture.Haryana is at Second position in food grain production in the country.[25] Wheat and rice are the major crops. Haryana is self-sufficient in food production and the second largest contributor to India's central pool of food grains. The main crops of Haryana are Wheat, Rice, Sugarcane, Cotton, Oilseeds, Gram, Barley, Corn, Millet etc. There are two main types of crops in Haryana: Rabi and Kharif. The major Kharif crops of Haryana are rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, sesame and groundnut. For these crops the ground is prepared in April and May and the seeds are sown at the commencement of rains in June. The crops are ready for harvesting by the beginning of November. The major Rabi crops are wheat, tobacco, gram, linseed, rapeseed and mustard. The ground is prepared by the end of October or the beginning of November and the crops are harvested by March. Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Seeds which are grown for their oil. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Corn (Zea mays L. ssp. ... For other uses, see Millet (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Jowar - also known as jwari - is a staple grain in large parts of central India. ... Nutrition information for one cup of cooked millet Millet is the collective name of a group of genera of the grass family(Gramineae/Paniceae) widely grown around the world for food or animal feed. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Binomial name Sesamum indicum L. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum. ... This article is about peanut, the food. ... For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see June (disambiguation). ... This article is about gathering crops. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum L. Linnaeus, 17?? Common flax (also known as linseed) is a member of the Linaceae family, which includes about 150 plant species widely distributed around the world. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... Look up Mustard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see October (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ...


About 86% of the area is arable, and of that 96% is cultivated. About 75% of the area is irrigated, through tubewells and an extensive system of canals. Haryana contributed significantly to the Green Revolution in India in the 1970s that made the country self-sufficient in food production.The state has also significantly contributed to the field of agricultural education in the country. Asia's biggest agricultural University[26] - Chaudhry Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University is located at Hisar, which has already made a significant contribution in ushering 'Green Revolution'. Cable tool water well drilling rig in Kimball, West Virginia. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Hisar, previously spelled as Hissar, is a city in the state of Haryana, in northwestern India, and it is also headquarters of Hisar district. ...


Haryana has a tremendous irrigation infrastructure.Irrigation in Haryana uses water either from underground or from surface through canals. Numerous canals have been dug and pumps put up to make sure that the farmer doesn’t pack up and leave in times of drought. Currently in Hrayana, the most important technology for groundwater irrigation is the use of tubewells with pump. Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ...


Dairy Farming

Dairy farming is also an essential part of the rural economy.Haryana has a livestock population of 98.97 lakh.[27]Milk and milk products form an essential part of the local diet. There is the saying Desaan main des Haryana, jit doodh dahi ka khaana, which means "Among places is Haryana, where the staple food is milk and yoghurt". Haryana, with 660 grams of availability of milk per capita per day, ranks at number two in the country as against the national average of 232 grams.[28][29] There is a vast network of milk societies that support the dairy industry. The National Dairy Research Institute[30] at Karnal, and the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes at Hisar are instrumental in development of new breeds of cattle and propagation of these breeds through embryo transfer technology. The Murrah breed of water buffalo from Haryana is world-famous for its milk production. Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or more properly, an animal husbandry enterprise, raising female cattle, goats, or other lactating animals for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Milk products are products derieved from cows or buffalos milk. ... Diet may mean: In nutrition: Diet (nutrition), the sum of the food consumed by an organism or group. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Yoghurt or yogurt, less commonly yoghourt or yogourt (see spelling below), is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Embryo transfer refers to a step in the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF) whereby one or several embryos are placed into the uterus of the female with the intent to establish a pregnancy. ... The Murrah breed of buffalo (Bubalus bubalus) is the premier milking buffalo. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ...


Roads and Infrastructure

Delhi-gurgaon Expressway

Haryana is a trend setter in the field of passenger transport. It has total length of 23684 kilometers. The remotest parts of the state are linked with mettaled roads. Its modernbus fleet of 3,864 buses covers a distance of 1.15 million Kilometers per day. It was the first State in the country to introduce luxury video coaches.[31] Grand Trunk Road (commonly abbreviated to GT Road) is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads it reaches Haryana, passing through the districts of Sonipat,Panipat,Karnal,Kurukshetra and Ambala. The state government proposes to construct Express highway and free ways for speedier vehicular traffic.The 135.6-km long Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway(KMP) will provide high-speed link to northern Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonepat, Jhajjar, Gurgaon and Faridabad.The work on the project has already started and is scheduled to be completed by July. 2009.[32] Haryana is in close contact with the cosmopolitan world, being closer to Delhi. International and domestic airports, diplomatic and commercial complexes are located in close proximity with the state viz a viz other emerging industrial andresidential estates in and around Delhi. A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ... This page is related to transport; you may be looking for the 2002 Bollywood movie Road. ... Autobus redirects here. ... The Grand Trunk Road (abbreviated to GT Road in common usage) is one of South Asias oldest and longest major roads. ... SONIPAT earlier known as SONPRASTHA,Later as SWARNPRASTHA,apbramsha altered to SWARNPAT,,,,is presently known as SONIPAT.this district touches delhi on one end,panipat on the other,the yamuna river acting as a border in one direction and rohtak on the other side. ... , Panipat   (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. ... Karnal district, in Haryana, India, has an area of 1,967 sq km and its population is 8,85,000. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Airport - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...


Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of most important inputs for the development of the State. Haryana was the first State in the country to achieve 100% rural electrification in 1970,First in the country to link all villages with all weather roads and First in the country to provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state[33] Electrification refers to changing a thing or system to operate using electricity. ...


Haryana is well connected on the railway network as well.The main railway routes passing through Haryana are: Amritsar-Delhi, Rewari-Ahamdabad, Bhiwani-Rohtak-Delhi, Ambala-Ferozepur, Delhi-Ferozepur, Kalka-Jodhpur, Kalka-Hawrah, Amritsar-Hawrah and Delhi-Shimla


Communication and Media

Haryana has a state- wide network of efficient telecommunication facilities. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) and most of the leading private sector players (such as Reliance Infocom, Tata Teleservices,Bharti Telecom, Idea and Vodafone Essar) have operations in the state. Important areas around Delhi are already part of Local Delhi Mobile Telecommunication System. This network system would easily cover major towns like Faridabad,Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh and Kundli. The major newspapers of haryana are punjab kesari,jag Bani,dainik Jagran, The Tribune, Amar Ujala,Punjabi Tribune,Hindustan Times,Dainik Bhaskar,The Times of India and HariBhumi. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Logo of Bharti Televentures Bharti Telecom is among Indias largest mobile phone operators. ... IDEA may refer to: Electronic Directory of the European Institutions IDEA League Improvement and Development Agency Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Indian Distance Education Association Integrated Data Environments Australia Intelligent Database Environment for Advanced Applications IntelliJ IDEA - a Java IDE Interactive Database for Energy-efficient Architecture International IDEA (International Institute... Vodafone Essar is the third largest cellular operator in India that covers 16 telecom circles in India [1]. Despite the change in name of the company from Hutch Essar, the marketing brand remains to be Hutch; although, the brand is about to be changed to Vodafone on 21 September 2007. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... Bahadurgarh is a city and a municipal council in Jhajjar district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Dainik Jagran is a Hindi daily newspaper. ... The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh and Delhi, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). ... Amar Ujala is one of leading Hindi Newspaper of North India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dainik Bhaskar is a Hindi-language daily newspaper of India. ... The Times of India, often abbreviated as TOI, is one of Indias leading daily newspapers, owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. ...


Divisions

The state is divided into four divisions for administrative purpose - Ambala, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Hisar Division. There are 20 districts, 47 sub-divisions, 67 tehsils, 45 sub-tehsils and 116 blocks. Haryana has a total of 81 cities and towns. It has 6,759 villages. , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Districts

Ambala Division

Gurgaon Division Ambala District is located in Haryana. ... Kaithal is a distrist of Haryana. ... Brahma Sarovar, Kurukshetra Jyotisar (Sarovar) - The famous site where Bhagvad Gita was delivered to Arjuna Kurukshetra is the name of a district in the present-day Indian state of Haryana. ... Panchkula is the newly formed 17th district of Haryana State in India. ... Yamuna Nagar is a district of Haryana External links http://yamunanagar. ...

Hisar Division Faridabad is a district in Haryana. ... Gurgaon is a district of Haryana. ... [[Ancient Period]] Mahendragarh was earlier known as Kanaud because of its association with Kanaudia group of Brahmans1. ... Mewat is a district of Haryana, India. ... Rewari is one of the eighteen districts of Haryana state, India. ...

Rohtak Division Bhiwani, a district in Haryana, India, has an area of 5099 sq. ... Fatehabada is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Hisar district is one of the 19 districts of Haryana state, India, and Hisar town is the district headquarters. ... Jind (Hindi: जींद) is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Jind town is the district headquarters. ... Sirsa is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sirsa town is the district headquarters. ...

Jhajjar is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Karnal is a district of Haryana. ... Panipat is a district in Haryana, India. ... Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a district in Haryana, India. ... Sonipat (Hindi: सोनीपत) is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sonipat town is the district headquarters. ...

Education

The state of Haryana has made tremendous expansion in the field of higher education since its inception. It has been the endeavor of the government to make educational facilities available within the reach of the children. 32 primary schools, 69 middle schools and 101 high schools were upgraded to middle, high and senior secondary respectively during the year 2004-05. Now accessibility to schooling is available within the radius of 1.10 km, 1.38 km, 1.66 km and 2.79 km at the primary, middle, high and senior secondary level respectively.[34]During 2001-02, there were 11,013 primary schools, 1,918 middle schools, 3,023 high schools and 1,301 senior secondary schools in the state.[35] Haryana Board of School Education, established in September 1969 and shifted to Bhiwani in 1981, conducts public examinations at middle, matriculation, and senior secondary levels twice a year. Over seven lakh candidates attend annual examinations in February and March, and 150,000 attend supplementary examinations each November. The Board also conducts examinations for Haryana Open School at senior and senior secondary levels twice a year.[36] The Haryana government provides free education to women up to graduation level. Students in Rome, Italy. ... This article is about an authentication, authorization, and accounting protocol. ... , Bhiwani is a city and a municipal council in Bhiwani district in the state of Haryana, India. ...

Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak
Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak

There are five universities in the state. Technical education and management studies are provided by Maharishi Dayanand University at Rohtak, Kurukshetra University at Kurukshetra, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology at Hisar and Chaudhary Devi Lal University at Sirsa. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University at Hisar is one of the biggest agricultural universities in Asia. It is engaged in education, research and development related to agriculture. The National Dairy Research Institute at Karnal provides education in the field of dairy science. It has been upgraded to the level of a Deemed University. There are medical colleges in Rohtak,Mullana and Agroha.Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak is a premier post graduate medical institute in North India offering courses in major specialties and super specialties of medicine. Also, there is Management Development Institute at Gurgaon which is amongst the premier management institutes of India. Maharishi Dayanand University (MDU) is a public university located at Rohtak, Haryana, India. ... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ... The Kurukshetra University was established in 1956 as a unitary residential university and its foundation stone was laid by late Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... // Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology was established on October 20,1995 and is located at Hisar, Haryana, India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sirsa is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sirsa town is the district headquarters. ... Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (Hindi: चौधरी चरण सिंह हरियाणा कृषि विश्वविद्यालय), popularly known as HAU, is one of Asias biggest agricultural universities, located at Hisar in the Indian state of Haryana. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Karnal district, in Haryana, India, has an area of 1,967 sq km and its population is 8,85,000. ... Deemed University is a status of autonomy granted to high performing institutes and departments of various universities in India. ...


Sports and Youth Development

Kabbadi match in progress
Kabbadi match in progress

Haryana is one of the leading state in sports as well.During the 33rd National games held in Assam in 2007 Haryana stood at no.4[37] with a medal tally of 80 incliding 30 gold 22 silver and 28 bronze medals.In the team games haryana is the national champion in men volleyball and women hockey.Haryana is the traditional powerhouse in games like kabbadi,kho-kho,judo,boxing and wrestling.Sports in the state are managed by the Department of Sports & Youth Affairs, Haryana. Nahar Singh international cricket stadium in Faridabad was built in 1981.The ground has a capacity of to hold around 25,000 people[38] The Tau Devi Lal Stadium in Panchkula is a multi-sport complex.[39] The ground came into prominence because of the Indian Cricket League's inaugural Twenty20 tournament.The DLF golf course in Gurgaon offers challenging play for golfers of all skill levels and a natural beauty that envelops your senses.[40] , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... Kabbadi is a sport played in India. ... Kho Kho is an Indian sport played by teams of twelve players who try to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team. ... This article is about the martial art and sport. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer (disambiguation). ... Ancient Greek wrestlers (Pankratiasts) Wrestling is the act of physical engagement between two unarmed persons, in which each wrestler strives to get an advantage over or control of their opponent. ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... This article is about the sport. ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Panchkula (Hindi: , Punjabi: ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. ... The Indian Cricket League (ICL) is a proposed private cricket league that will run parallel to the existing cricket league managed by Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). ... , Gurgaon   (Hindi: गुड़गांव) is a city in the northern Indian state of Haryana, and has a population of about 249,000 according to the 2001 national census [2]. Gurgaon is one of Delhis four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region...


References

  1. ^ http://www.livemint.com/2008/01/21174558/Jharkhand-and-Orissa-register.html
  2. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/story/218431.html
  3. ^ http://www.haryanainvest.org/general%20information.asp
  4. ^ http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9111200
  5. ^ Agarwal, Vishal: Is There Vedic Evidence for the Indo-Aryan Immigration to India? (PDF)
  6. ^ http://www.haryana-online.com/History/history_1966-.htm
  7. ^ http://www.haryana-online.com/geography.htm
  8. ^ http://www.haryana-online.com/geography.htm
  9. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  10. ^ http://www.rediff.com/money/2007/oct/23hary.htm
  11. ^ http://www.rediff.com/money/2007/oct/23hary.htm
  12. ^ http://www.topnews.in/haryana-tops-list-terms-capita-investment-22133
  13. ^ http://openlib.org/home/ila/MEDIA/2007/states_rank.html
  14. ^ http://www.indiainbusiness.nic.in/know-india/states/haryana.htm
  15. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/news/Haryana-overtakes-Punjab-on-most-eco-parameters/222912/
  16. ^ http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/10/18/business/rural.php
  17. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/old/fe_full_story.php?content_id=131174
  18. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/old/fe_full_story.php?content_id=131174
  19. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1661545.cms
  20. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/2005/20051228/delhi.htm#1
  21. ^ http://ushome.rediff.com/money/2004/nov/25bpo.htm
  22. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2006/09/01/stories/2006090104860500.htm
  23. ^ http://mospi.nic.in/6_gsdp_cur_9394ser.htm
  24. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2008/02/04/stories/2008020456120700.htm
  25. ^ http://pmindia.nic.in/lspeech.asp?id=544
  26. ^ http://haryana.nic.in/general/agriculture.htm
  27. ^ http://haryana.nic.in/general/agriculture.htm
  28. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1678736.cms
  29. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ie/daily/19981013/28651694.html
  30. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1041124/asp/careergraph/story_4020763.asp
  31. ^ http://haryanaindustries.nic.in/WhyHaryana/Pages/NewEconomicInfrastructure.aspx
  32. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/story/20526.html
  33. ^ http://www.haryanainvest.org/general%20information.asp
  34. ^ http://www.indiainbusiness.nic.in/know-india/states/haryana.htm
  35. ^ Education in Haryana - Universities - Colleges - Schools - Institutions - Engineering - Medical
  36. ^ http://hbse.nic.in/history.htm
  37. ^ http://www.33rdnationalgames.nic.in/medal_tally.htm
  38. ^ http://content-www.cricinfo.com/ci/content/ground/58081.html
  39. ^ http://content-www.cricinfo.com/icl/content/ground/321957.html
  40. ^ http://www.dlfgolfresort.com/one.html

PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... The key political players in Haryana state in northern India are the ruling Indian National Lok Dal, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Congress Party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (746x807, 36 KB) Description: Indian state of Haryana Source: own work Date: December 2005 Author: --Immanuel Giel 12:05, 22 December 2005 (UTC) Other versions: none File links The following pages link to this file: Haryana Panchkula District Gurgaon Bhiwani District... Haryana, a state of India, has nineteen administrative districts. ... Ambala District is located in Haryana. ... Bhiwani, a district in Haryana, India, has an area of 5099 sq. ... Faridabad is a district in Haryana. ... Fatehabada is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Gurgaon is a district of Haryana. ... Hisar district is one of the 19 districts of Haryana state, India, and Hisar town is the district headquarters. ... Jhajjar is one of the nineteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Jind (Hindi: जींद) is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Jind town is the district headquarters. ... Kaithal is a distrist of Haryana. ... Karnal is a district of Haryana. ... Brahma Sarovar, Kurukshetra Jyotisar (Sarovar) - The famous site where Bhagvad Gita was delivered to Arjuna Kurukshetra is the name of a district in the present-day Indian state of Haryana. ... [[Ancient Period]] Mahendragarh was earlier known as Kanaud because of its association with Kanaudia group of Brahmans1. ... Mewat is a district of Haryana, India. ... Panchkula is the newly formed 17th district of Haryana State in India. ... Panipat is a district in Haryana, India. ... Rewari is one of the eighteen districts of Haryana state, India. ... Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a district in Haryana, India. ... Sirsa is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sirsa town is the district headquarters. ... Sonipat (Hindi: सोनीपत) is one of the districts of Haryana state, India, and Sonipat town is the district headquarters. ... Yamuna Nagar is a district of Haryana External links http://yamunanagar. ... Haryana Tourism Corporation Limited is the government-owned official tourism agency of Haryana in India. ... An ancient town in Haryana, associated with the Agrawal community. ... Badhkal Lake is situated at about 16 km from Delhi. ... Kalka is an important town in Panchkula district of Haryana, India. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... Morni is a tourist place in Morni Hills in Panchkula district of Haryana in India. ... Pinjore (Hindi: पिंजौर) is a town in Panchkula district in the Indian state of Haryana. ... Sultanpur National Park is an 356 acre park located in Haryana, India. ... This is a list of famous and notable people from Haryana, India. ... Kalpana Chawla (Hindi: कल्‍पना चावला)(Punjabi:ਕਲਪਨਾ ਚਾਵਲਾ) (7 March 1962 – 1 February 2003), was an Indian-American astronaut and space shuttle mission specialist. ... Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj[1] (कपिल देव) ( ) (born 6 January 1959, Chandigarh), better known as Kapil Dev, is a former Indian cricketer regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders to have played Cricket. ... Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian author and politician who is chiefly remembered as a leader in the Indian fight for freedom from the British Raj. ... Seth Chhaju Ram was a leading Jat from Haryana, India who made fortune in Calcutta during colonial raj. ... Childhood Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945) was born on 24 November 1881 in Olan clan of Jat Hindu family in village Garhi Sampla of district Rohtak in Haryana, India. ... Rao Tula Ram was one of the most important leaders of the 1857 revolt. ... Mallika Sherawat (Hindi: , born October 24, 1972 as Reema Lamba in Rohtak, Haryana, India) is a popular Indian actress and model. ... Category: ... This is a list of the Chief Ministers of Haryana, India. ... Om Prakash Chautala (born January 1, 1935) is an Indian politician from the state of Haryana. ... Banarsi Das Gupta is a former chief minister of Haryana state in India. ... Bhupinder Singh Hooda (born September 15, 1927) is an Indian politician and the current Chief Minister of Haryana. ... Bansi Lal (August 26, 1927 - March 28, 2006) Former chief minister of Hariyana. ... Bhajan Lal is a politician from the state of Haryana in India. ... Chaudhari Devi Lal Chaudhari Devi Lal (1914-2001) was an Indian politician, freedom fighter, Chief Minister of the state of Haryana and Deputy Prime Minister of India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... , Karnataka (Kannada: , IPA:  ) is a state in the southern part of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মনিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Haryana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
Haryana is situated in the north between 27 deg 37' to 30 deg 35' latitude and between 74 deg 28' to 77 deg 36' longitude.
Haryana is located in the north of india, the mostly Hindi-speaking eastern portion of Punjab became Haryana, while mostly Punjabi-speaking western portion remained as Punjab.
The population of Haryana, according to the 2001 census, is 21,083,000, with 11,328,000 males and 9,755,000 females.
Haryana Online - Website on History, Culture, Tourism, Education, Travel - India (340 words)
Haryana became a new state of India on 1st November, 1966 with Chandigarh as its capital, and since then it has made spectacular progress to become one of the most prosperous states of India.
Haryana's geographical proximity to the national capital New Delhi and, a well developed telecom and transport infrastructure, are its major strengths in the economic field.
Haryana lies in northern India and is bordered by the Indian states of Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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