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Encyclopedia > Harvey Cushing
Harvey Cushing (c.1900)
Harvey Cushing (c.1900)

Harvey Williams Cushing (April 8, 1869 - October 7, 1939) was an American neurosurgeon and a pioneer of brain surgery. He is considered by many to be one of the greatest neurosurgeons of the 20th century. Image File history File links HarveyCushing. ... Image File history File links HarveyCushing. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Insertion of an electrode during neurosurgery for Parkinsons disease. ... In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system. ...

Contents

Life

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Cushing graduated from Yale, where he was a member of Scroll and Key and Delta Kappa Epsilon, studied medicine at Harvard Medical School and graduated in 1895. He completed his internship at Massachusetts General Hospital and then studied surgery under the guidance of a famous surgeon, William Stewart Halsted, at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore. During his medical career he was a surgeon at this hospital, at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston and as professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School. From 1933, until his death, he worked at Yale University. He served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps as a surgeon with the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I. Nickname: The Forest City Motto: Progress and Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1836 Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area    - City 82. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society that was established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University in 1842. ... Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D K E or Deke) is the oldest secret college mens fraternity of New England origin. ... Shield of Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School (HMS) is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. ... Massachusetts General Hospital (often abbreviated to Mass General or just MGH) is a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and biomedical research facility in Boston, Massachusetts. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... The Four Doctors by John Singer Sargent, 1905. ... The Johns Hopkins Hospital is a teaching hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more, Balmerr,Bodymore, Murderland Motto: The Greatest City in America (formerly The City That Reads; Get In On It is not the citys motto, but rather the advertising slogan of the Baltimore Area Convention and Visitors Association; BELIEVE is not the... The Peter Bent Brigham Hospital was established in Boston in 1913. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Yale redirects here. ... Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces and the Baker mission The American Expeditionary Force or AEF was the United States military forces in World War I. The AEF helped the French defend the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in May. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...


He married Katharine Stone Crowell on June 10, 1902. They had five children: William Harvey Cushing; Mary Benedict Cushing (who married Vincent Astor and painter James Whitney Fosburgh); Betsey Cushing, wife successively of James Roosevelt and John Hay Whitney; Henry Kirke Cushing; and Barbara Cushing, socialite wife of Stanley Grafton Mortimer and William S. Paley. June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Vincent Astor by Benjamin N. Duke William Vincent Astor (November 15, 1891, New York, New York, United States - February 3, 1959) was a businessman and philanthropist and a member of the prominent Astor family. ... Betsey Maria Cushing Roosevelt Whitney (b. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) and his son James Roosevelt (1907-1991) in 1934. ... John Hay Whitney (August 27, 1904 in Ellsworth, Maine – February 8, 1982), colloquially known as Jock Whitney, was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, and a member of the Whitney family. ... Babe Paley [1] [2] [3] (July 5, 1915 - July 6, 1978) was a prominent American socialite. ... William S. Paley (September 28, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois – October 26, 1990 in New York, New York) was the chief executive who built CBS from a small radio network to the dominant radio and television network operation in America. ...


Achievements

Historical marker at Lake View Cemetery
Historical marker at Lake View Cemetery

In the beginning of the 20th century he developed many of the basic surgical techniques for operating on the brain. This established him as one of the foremost leaders and experts in the field. Under his influence neurosurgery became a new and autonomous surgical discipline. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1030 KB) Sign post at Harvey W Cushings (Cleveland Ohio, USA) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Harvey Cushing ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1030 KB) Sign post at Harvey W Cushings (Cleveland Ohio, USA) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Harvey Cushing ... Lakeview Cemetary, Cleveland, Ohio Founded in 1869, Lake View Cemetery sits on 285 acres (1. ...


His achievements include:

  • improved considerably the survival of patients after difficult brain operations for intracranial tumors
  • used x-rays to diagnose brain tumors
  • used electrical stimuli for study of the human sensory cortex
  • was the world's leading teacher of neurosurgeons in the first decades of 20th century

Cushing's name is commonly associated with his most famous discovery - the Cushing's disease. In 1912 he discovered an endocrinological syndrome caused by a malfunction of the pituitary gland. He described it in his work The Pituitary Body and its Disorders. Cushing was also awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1926, for a biography of one of the fathers of modern medicine - Sir William Osler. He died in 1939 in New Haven, Connecticut, and was interred in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland. Cushings syndrome or hypercortisolism is an endocrine disorder caused by excessive levels of the endogenous corticosteroid hormone cortisol. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... The Four Doctors by John Singer Sargent, 1905, depicts the four physicians who founded Johns Hopkins Hospital. ... Nickname: The Elm City Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Settled 1638 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1895 Government type Mayor-board of aldermen Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. ... Lakeview Cemetary, Cleveland, Ohio Founded in 1869, Lake View Cemetery sits on 285 acres (1. ...


Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library

The Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale University contains extensive collections in the field of medicine and the history of medicine. In 2005, the library released portions of its collection online, including the Peter Parker Collection which consists of a collection of portrait engravings and 83 mid-19th century oil paintings rendered by artist Lam Qua of Chinese tumor patients, and a biography of Harvey Cushing by John F. Fulton. Yale redirects here. ... Peter Parker, M.D., (1804 – 1888) was an American physician and a missionary who traveled extensively in Qing Dynasty China. ... Lam Qua (1801 – 1860) was a Western-trained Chinese painter from Guangdong Provice of Qing Dynasty China. ...


See also

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Timeline of medicine and medical technology c. ...

External links

  • Fulton, John F. Biography of Harvey Cushing John F. Fulton’s biography of Harvey Cushing, was the first book-length biography of Cushing and has remained the standard source on his life. It is now avalialable in its entirety in digital form at the website of the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale University.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harvey Williams Cushing (www.whonamedit.com) (6034 words)
Harvey Williams Cushing was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the sixth son and the tenth child (seven lived to maturity) of Henry Kirke Cushing and Betsey Maria Williams Cushing.
Matthew Cushing, a deacon, emigrated to Boston in 1638.
Cushing was highly estimated by his colleagues in neuro surgery, and at the gatherings of the Harvey Cushing Society, established 1932, brought together several of the world's greatest neuro surgeons.
Harvey Cushing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (517 words)
Harvey Williams Cushing (April 8, 1869 - October 7, 1939) was an American neurosurgeon and a pioneer of brain surgery.
Cushing was also awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1926, for a biography of one of the fathers of modern medicine - Sir William Osler.
Fulton, John F. Biography of Harvey Cushing John F. Fulton’s biography of Harvey Cushing, was the first book-length biography of Cushing and has remained the standard source on his life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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