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Encyclopedia > Harvard Square
Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005
Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005

Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. Adjacent to the historic heart of Harvard University, Harvard Yard, the Square (as it is called locally) functions as a commercial center for Harvard students, as well as residents of western Cambridge and the inner western suburbs of Boston. It is also home to a major MBTA subway stop and bus transfer station. In an extended sense, the name "Harvard Square" can refer to the entire neighborhood surrounding this intersection for several blocks in each direction. The nearby Cambridge Common has a large park area with a playground, baseball field, and some local memorials. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (509x603, 327 KB) photo taken by Lyo Aug, 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (509x603, 327 KB) photo taken by Lyo Aug, 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...   Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02138, 02139, 02140, 02141, 02142 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Massachusetts Avenue is the name shared by several prominent streets in the United States. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Harvard Yard in 1905. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ...

Contents

History

Harvard Square in 1869
1873 Map of Harvard Square
1873 Map of Harvard Square

Although today a commercial area, the Square boasts of famous residents from earlier periods, including the colonial poet Anne Bradstreet. The high pedestrian traffic makes it a gathering place for street musicians; singer-songwriter Tracy Chapman, who attended nearby Tufts University, is known to have played here during her college years. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (970x699, 599 KB) Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts - view in 1869. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (970x699, 599 KB) Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts - view in 1869. ... Image File history File links Harvard_Square_Hopkins_Map_1873. ... Image File history File links Harvard_Square_Hopkins_Map_1873. ... Anne Bradstreet (ca. ... Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for her singles Fast Car, Talkin Bout a Revolution, Baby Can I Hold You, and Give Me One Reason. ... Tufts University is a private university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ...


Until 1984, the Harvard Square stop was the northern terminus of the Red Line, and it still functions as a major transfer station between subway, bus, and trackless trolley. Automobile traffic can be heavy, and parking is difficult. Most of the bus lines serving the area from the north and west run through a tunnel adjacent to the subway tunnel. Originally built for streetcars (which last ran in 1958) and still by electric trolley buses, it helps to mitigate bus traffic in the area. Harvard Station, September 2004 Harvard Station, located at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and JFK Street, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is a local transportation hub. ... View of Boston from the Red Line An MBTA Red Line train leaving Charles/MGH station bound for Alewife. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


Transformation

Harvard Square on a rainy day
Harvard Square on a rainy day

Discussions of how the Square has changed in recent years usually center on the perceived gentrification of the Harvard Square neighborhood and Cambridge in general. Harvard Sq. ... Harvard Sq. ... The Embarcadero in downtown San Francisco was once the site of a double-decker freeway with cardboard boxes housing the homeless underneath. ...


Harvard Square used to have many new and used bookstores, but few are left today, although the 2005 opening of the independent Raven Used Books on JFK Street seems to have bucked this overall trend. The Square also used to be a neighborhood shopping center, with a grocery store and a Woolworth's five and ten. There does remain a small hardware store, but the Square is now more of a regional shopping center, especially for youths. Foot Locker Inc NYSE: FL (formerly Z) is a United States company specialising in athletic footwear and clothing. ... Five and dime was a common nickname in the United States for five-and-ten-cent stores (also called 5 and 10s), popular in the early to mid-20th century. ...


During the late 1990s, some locally run businesses with long-time shopfronts on the Square—including the unusual Tasty Diner, a tiny sandwich shop open long hours, and the Wursthaus, a beloved old-world German restaurant—closed to make way for national chains. Following national trends, the local Harvard Trust Company bank has been absorbed into the national Bank of America through a series of mergers. The student co-op, the Harvard Coop, is now managed by Barnes and Noble. Schoenhof's Foreign Books is owned by the French Éditions Gallimard. In 2004, it was announced that the famous Grolier Poetry Bookshop would be sold, and today even the emblematic Out of Town News is owned by the UK-based Hudson Group. Still, a few establishments, such as Algiers Coffee House and Cardullo's Gourmet Shoppe (est. 1950), remain as longstanding, locally-run businesses. Germans dancing on the Berlin Wall in late 1989, the symbol of the cold war divide falls down as the world unites in the 1990s. ... The Tasty Diner, referred to usually as The Tasty, was located near the joining of John F. Kennedy Street and Eliot Streets, right on the edge of Harvard Square proper, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the Read Block building, the site of the home of colonial poet Anne Bradstreet. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... A typical Barnes & Noble bookstore. ... Schoenhofs Foreign Books is an independent bookstore in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Harvard Square. ... Éditions Gallimard is the second most important French publisher, and probably the most respected. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Outside Grolier Poetry Bookshop, August 2005 The Grolier Poetry Bookshop (Groliers) is an independent bookstore in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Harvard Square on Plympton Street. ...


Other features

Harvard Square with the Out of Town News kiosk, May 2004
Harvard Square with the Out of Town News kiosk, May 2004

At the center of the Square is the old subway kiosk, now a newsstand, Out of Town News, stocking newspapers and magazines from around the world. A video of it appears in transitional clips used on CNN. A public motion art installation, Lumen Eclipse, has been introduced at the Tourist Information Booth showing monthly exhibitions of local, national and international artists. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 703 KB) Cambridge, Mass. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 703 KB) Cambridge, Mass. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Lumen Eclipse is a public media arts gallery located in Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts, founded to expand public awareness of local, national, and international artists. ...


The office of NPR's Car Talk radio show faces the square, with a stencil in the window that reads "Dewey, Cheatham and Howe," the fictional law firm often referenced on the show. The popular show references this by asking its viewers to send in answers to the "Puzzler" to "Puzzler Tower, Car Talk Plaza, Harvard Square, Cambridge (our fair city), MA 02138". NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... Car Talk is a radio talk show broadcast weekly on National Public Radio stations throughout the United States and elsewhere. ... The DC&H corporate offices above the corner of Brattle and JFK Streets, in Harvard Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...


The sunken region next to the newsstand and the subway entrance is sometimes referred to as "The Pit." Its arena-like appearance attracts skateboarders and, more generally, young, high-school aged people from surrounding neighbourhoods who are associated with countercultural movements such as the punk, emo, straight edge, and goth subcultures. Collectively they are known as "scene kids". They are also sometimes referred to as "pit kids" or "pit rats," and the contrast between these congregants and the often older and more conservatively dressed people associated with nearby Harvard University and the businesses in the Square occasionally leads to tension. Harvard sports teams and clubs, including the track teams and all-male social clubs, are known to make use of this contrast through encouraging or sometimes forcing their newest members to engage in humorous or humiliating performances in "The Pit" as part of these members' initiations into the group. One block east of the pit, an outdoor cafe features always-busy tables for chess players, including Murray Turnbull, with his everpresent "Play the Chessmaster" sign. Punks at a music festival The punk subculture is a subculture based on punk rock. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... NYC goth band The Naked and the Dead (1985). ... Au Bon Pain logo Au Bon Pain ( pronounced oh bohng pan ) is a fast-casual bakery/cafe chain headquartered in Boston, MA. The French name roughly translates to Place of good bread. The original Au Bon Pain was founded in 1976 by a French oven manufacturer. ... Chess is an abstract strategy board game for two players that is played both recreationally and competitively. ...


A number of other public squares dot the surrounding streets with a wide variety of street performers throughout the year, and the John F. Kennedy Memorial Park stands a few steps away along the banks of the Charles river.


The square often attracts activists for the Communist Party USA, Lyndon LaRouche and other non-mainstream political factions. It is also known for its large number of panhandlers; Tom Magliozzi has called it "the bum capital of the world". The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States. ... Lyndon LaRouche at a news conference in Paris in February 2006. ... Tom Magliozzi during a session of Car Talk Doctor Tom Louis Magliozzi is the older brother (to Ray) of Click and Clack, The Tappet Brothers (Tom is Click), the hosts of National Public Radios Car Talk. ...


"The Garage" is a small, multi-story shopping center, named thus because it was formerly a parking garage. For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... A multi-storey car park is a building or part thereof which is designed specifically to be for vehicle parking and where there are a number of floors on which parking takes place. ...


Notable establishments

This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Harvard Book Store is an independently owned and locally run seller of used, new, and remaindered books in Cambridges Harvard Square. ... Outside Grolier Poetry Bookshop, August 2005 The Grolier Poetry Bookshop (Groliers) is an independent bookstore in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Harvard Square on Plympton Street. ... The original Newbury Comics on Newbury Street in Boston, MA Newbury Comics is a New England-based music retailer. ... Million Year Picnic is an excellent little comic shop that has claimed Harvard Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts as its home for around thirty years. ... One of the oldest commercial establishments in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the Algiers Coffee House is located on the second and third floors of historic Brattle Hall, originally the home of the Cambridge Social Union and since then of the Brattle Theater. ... Café Pamplona, August 2005 Located near the intersection of Bow Street and Arrow Street near Harvard Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Café Pamplona is an unusual and locally renowned café founded in 1959, when it maintained the first espresso-maker in the city and was the first café around the Square. ... Grendels Den is a popular bar and restaurant in Harvard Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Club Passim is a folk music club in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...

In film

Various parts of the 1997 film Good Will Hunting were filmed in and around Harvard Square, most notably at the former Tasty Sandwich Shop and the outdoor seating area of the square's largest Au Bon Pain café. Good Will Hunting is a 1997 film directed by Gus Van Sant, set in greater Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Tasty Sandwich Shop, sometimes referred to as The Tasty, was located near the joining of John F. Kennedy Street and Eliot Streets, right on the edge of Harvard Square proper, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the Read Block building, the site of the home of colonial poet Anne Bradstreet. ... Au Bon Pain logo Au Bon Pain ( pronounced oh bohng pan ) is a fast-casual bakery/cafe chain headquartered in Boston, MA. The French name roughly translates to Place of good bread. The original Au Bon Pain was founded in 1976 by a French oven manufacturer. ...


Related links

  • Citysquares.com - Your Neighborhood, Online...
  • HarvardSquare.com
  • Boston Squares
  • Harvard Square Restaurants - Reviews
  • Harvard Square History and Development
  • Harvard Square Flickr Group Photo Pool

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harvard Square - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (748 words)
Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street.
Adjacent to the historic heart of Harvard University, Harvard Yard, the Square (as it is called locally) functions as a commercial center for Harvard students, as well as residents of western Cambridge and the inner western suburbs of Boston.
Harvard Square used to have many new and used bookstores, but few are left today, although the 2005 opening of the independent Raven Used Books on JFK Street seems to have bucked this overall trend.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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