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Encyclopedia > Harvard, Massachusetts
Town of Harvard, Massachusetts

Seal
Official website: http://harvard.ma.us
Location
Location of Town of Harvard, Massachusetts
Harvard outlined in red
Government
Country
  State
    County
United States
  Massachusetts
    Worcester
Board of Selectmen names to be provided
Geographical characteristics
Area
Total 69.9 km²
Land 68.3 km²
Water 1.6 km²
Population
Total (2000) 5,981
Density 32.6/km²
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC−4)
This article is about the town of Harvard, Massachusetts. Harvard University is located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Harvard is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,981. Image File history File links Harvard,_MA_Seal. ... Image File history File links Harvard_ma_highlight. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The political units and divisions of the United States include: the fifty states, which units are typically divided into counties and townships, and incorporate cities, villages, towns, and other types of municipality, and other autonomous or subordinate public authorities and institutions; and the federal state, which unit is the United... This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... See also List of time zones Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The term Eastern can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Daylight saving time or daylight savings time, abbreviated DST, is a term used for a system intended to save daylight. ... The term Eastern can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Cambridge City Hall Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...

Contents


History

Harvard was first settled in 1704. Part of the town originally belonged to "The Plantation of Groton," but broke away and incorporated in 1732 (it is uncertain how the town obtained its name). The town economy was primarily based on agriculture until the middle of the 20th century. This past is most prominently visible in the number of apple orchards. It is now a residential town within reach, for example, of the technology companies outside of Boston. It has had a relatively quiet history, but has attracted several "non-traditional" communities that have given its history some flavor. Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... The First Parish Church is a landmark on Main Street in Groton. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ...


The Shakers

Harvard Shaker Village in c. 1905

The town was site of Harvard Shaker Village, a utopian religious community established in 1791, one of 19 scattered between Maine and Kentucky, and as far west as Indiana. The sect, renowned for plain architecture and furniture, reached its peak membership in the 1840s. But greater employment opportunities introduced by the Industrial Revolution would entice away some potential and practicing Shaker members. Some became disaffected with the church's insistence on celebacy, self-abnegation, and communal ownership of property. Indeed, Mary Marshall Dyer, a onetime believer, became an outspoken Anti-Shaker. The flock dwindled, and like others, Harvard Shaker Village eventually closed. Today, only one church "society" remains open, run by the last Shakers at Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village in New Gloucester, Maine. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (834x553, 63 KB) Summary Harvard Shaker Village, from a c. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (834x553, 63 KB) Summary Harvard Shaker Village, from a c. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Shakers are an offshoot of the Religious Society of Friends (or Quakers) that originated in Manchester, England in the early 18th century. ... See Utopia (disambiguation) for other meanings of this word Utopia, in its most common and general meaning, refers to a hypothetical perfect society. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 86,542 km² 305 km 515 km 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 38th 94,321 km² 225 km 435 km 1. ... A sect is generally a small religious or political group that has branched off from a larger established group. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Table of architecture, Cyclopaedia, 1728 The following article focuses on built environment, the architecture of spaces designed for human habitation. ... Furniture is the collective term for the movable objects which support the human body (seating furniture and beds), provide storage, and hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of anaesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi New Zealand. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... Community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element. ... Mary Marshall Dyer was a voice for the largely forgotten Anti-Shakerism sentiment in rural New Hampshire. ... The Anti-Shakers had hateful or unfair beliefs concerning the Shakers. ... New Gloucester is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ...

  • Harvard Shaker Village, Shaker Historic Trail

Fruitlands

Amos Bronson Alcott and some friends established the utopian transcendentalist socialist farm called Fruitlands on the slopes of Prospect Hill in Harvard. The community failed rather quickly but saw visits from the likes of Henry David Thoreau. Mr. Alcott's daughter, Louisa May Alcott lived at the farm with her father. Amos Bronson Alcott (November 29, 1799–March 4, 1888) was an American teacher and writer. ... See Utopia (disambiguation) for other meanings of this word Utopia, in its most common and general meaning, refers to a hypothetical perfect society. ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy which emerged in New England in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. ... The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... Fruitlands was a utopian home established in Harvard, Massachusetts by Amos Bronson Alcott and Charles Lane in the 1840s, based on transcendentalist principles. ... Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, pacifist, tax resister and philosopher who is famous for Walden (available at wikisource), on simple living amongst nature, and On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (available at wikisource... Louisa May Alcott Louisa May Alcott (November 29, 1832 – March 6, 1888) was an American novelist, best known for the novel Little Women, which she wrote in 1868. ...


Fiske Warren Tahanto Enclave

Fiske Warren, a follower of Henry George, attempted to establish a single tax zone in Harvard in 1918. The enclave bought up land communally and attempted to manage the land according to George's principals. The enclave failed soon after Warren died in 1938. This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


St. Benedict Center

Leonard Feeney was a Catholic priest who strongly believed that only Catholics would get to heaven. The Catholic Church disagrees with this view and has taken action against Father Feeney and his followers. Several sects of his followers now reside in the village of Still River (part of Harvard). // Father Leonard Feeney (1897-1978) was an American priest who propagated a rigid interpretation of the Catholic doctrine extra ecclesiam nulla salus, or outside the church there is no salvation, denying baptism of blood and baptism of desire as heretical innovations and that all unbaptized human beings (in the Catholic...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.9 km² (27.0 mi²). 68.3 km² (26.4 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.26% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


The land is mostly small rolling hills, and there are plenty of swampy places.


In Harvard and the surrounding area there are a large number of apple orchards.


Government

The town elects five members to the Board of Selectmen to run the town day-to-day and has an annual Town Meeting to pass/amend the town bylaws. Town meeting is a form of local government commonly practiced in the U.S. region of New England, but uncommon elsewhere in the United States. ...


The town has resisted pressures to regionalize its school system and its K-12 school system ranks among the top 5% of schools in the state and more than 90% of its graduates go on to college.


Demographics

Old Stone Barn in c. 1915, Harvard Shaker Village

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 5,981 people, 1,809 households, and 1,494 families residing in the town. The population density was 87.6/km² (226.9/mi²). There were 2,225 housing units at an average density of 32.6/km² (84.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.69% White, 4.50% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.97% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 6.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (829x519, 77 KB) Summary Old Stone Barn in c. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (829x519, 77 KB) Summary Old Stone Barn in c. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 1,809 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.4% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.18. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 124.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 133.6 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $107,934, and the median income for a family was $119,352. Males had a median income of $90,937 versus $49,318 for females. The per capita income for the town was $40,867. 2.0% of the population and 0.5% of families were below the poverty line. 0.7% of those under the age of 18 and 7.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population living in poverty The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links

Flag of Massachusetts The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 Capital  Boston
 Regions 

The Berkshires | Blackstone Valley | Cape Ann | Cape Cod and the Islands | Greater Boston | Merrimack Valley | MetroWest | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | Quabbin Valley | South Shore | Western Massachusetts State seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... A state of the United States (U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states, four of which officially favor the term commonwealth which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... This is a list of United States state capitals: See also List of current and former capital cities within the United States List of capitals of subnational entities Reference http://www. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: Official website: www. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as berk-shurs) are a branch of the Appalachian Mountains, centered in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut), often referred to as the Berkshire Hills, although Massachusetts residents frequently refer to them as the Berkshire Mountains. ... The Blackstone Valley or Blackstone River Valley is a region of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. ... Cape Ann is a rocky peninsula located in northeastern Massachusetts on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Cape Cod and the Massachusetts and Rhode Island coastline Cape Cod and Cape Cod Bay from space, April 1997. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Merrimack River, formed by the confluence of the Pemigewasset River (left) and Winnipesaukee River (right) is shown on a map of the northeastern United States The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a 110-mile-long (177-kilometer-long) river in... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... The North Shore is a region north of Boston, consisting chiefly of urban suburban communities of Essex County along Massachusetts Bay. ... The southern portion of the Pioneer Valley looking south down the Connecticut River. ... The Quabbin Valley is a region of Massachusetts. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ... Western Massachusetts is a geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ...

 Counties 

Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Bristol County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Nantucket is an island south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, formed of glacial moraine. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...

 Cities 

Agawam | Amesbury | Attleboro | Barnstable | Beverly | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chelsea | Chicopee | Easthampton | Everett | Fall River | Fitchburg | Franklin | Gardner | Gloucester | Greenfield | Haverhill | Holyoke | Lawrence | Leominster | Lowell | Lynn | Malden | Marlborough | Medford | Melrose | Methuen | New Bedford | Newburyport | Newton | North Adams | Northampton | Peabody | Pittsfield | Quincy | Revere | Salem | Springfield | Somerville | Southbridge | Taunton | Waltham | Watertown | West Springfield | Westfield | Weymouth | Woburn | Worcester List of cities in Massachusetts, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Agawam is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... For the town in Wiltshire, England, see Amesbury Seal of Amesbury, MA Amesbury is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... For the town in Wiltshire, England, see Amesbury Nickname: Motto: Official website: [2] Location Location in Massachusetts Government Counties Bristol County Mayor Kevin Dumas Geographical characteristics Area Total 28. ... Barnstable is a city located on Cape Cod in Massachusetts; it is the county seat of Barnstable County6. ... Beverly is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: Official website: www. ... Headlines posted in street-corner window of newspaper office (Brockton Enterprise), Brockton, Massachusetts, December 1940. ... Cambridge City Hall Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Chelsea City Hall The City of Chelsea is located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts directly across the Mystic River from the City of Boston. ... Chicopee is a city located on the Connecticut River in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Easthampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Everett is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Fall River, MA Fall River is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Fitchburg, MA Fitchburg is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... The Town of Franklin is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Gardner is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... This article is about Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA; there are other places called Gloucester Seal of Gloucester, MA Gloucester is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Greenfield, MA The Town of Greenfield, a city to be known as the Town of Greenfield is located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Haverhill, MA Haverhill is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Holyoke is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, on the banks of the Connecticut River. ... High Service Water Tower (1895), also called Tower Hill Water Tower, a notable eyecatcher or folly, named a Water Landmark in 1979 by the American Water Works Association. ... Nickname: Pioneer Plastics City Official website: http://www. ... Seal of Lowell, Massachusetts Lowell is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 105,167. ... Lynn is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Malden is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts just a few miles north of Boston on the Mystic River. ... Melrose is a city located in the Greater Boston metropolitan area and Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Methuen is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Whaling City Motto: Official website: www. ... Seal of Newburyport, MA Newburyport is a small coastal city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Garden City Motto: Official website: www. ... Public Library in the 1920s North Adams is a city located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Northampton, Massachusetts Main Street Northampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 28,978. ... Seal of Peabody, MA Peabody is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Pittsfield is a city located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Quincy is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts and bears the nickname The City of Presidents. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 88,025. ... Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ... Seal of Salem, MA Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City of Homes Motto: Official website: www. ... Seal of the city Somerville is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, just north of Boston. ... Seal of Southbridge, MA The Town of Southbridge is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Waltham is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Watertown, MA Browne House. ... The Town of West Springfield is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Whip City Founded Incorporated May 19, 1669   County Hampden County Mayor Richard K. Sullivan Jr. ... Weymouth is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Benjamin Thompson House, Woburn, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Heart of the Commonwealth, The City of the Seven Hills, Wormtown, Woo-town, Wortown (war-town), The City of Diners Motto: Official website: www. ...

 Towns  For the complete list of the 301 towns, see: List of towns in Massachusetts.
Crest of Massachusetts  Culture   Geography   Government   History   Images 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Description of Harvard Ma (395 words)
Harvard is a well preserved rural community with an interesting history extending back to 1732 when the town was incorporated.
Northcentral Massachusetts, bordered by Ayer and Shirley on the north; Littleton, Boxborough, and Stow on the east; Bolton on the south; and Lancaster on the west.
Harvard is 22 miles northeast of Worcester, 31 miles northwest of Boston, and 206 miles from New York City.
Harvard (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (203 words)
Harvard University is a university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Harvard College, the undergraduate division of Harvard University
Harvard Square, a square in Cambridge, Massachusetts surrounding the Harvard University campus
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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