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Encyclopedia > Hartsfield International Airport
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Quick Info
Type of Airport commercial
Run by Department of Aviation of the City of Atlanta
Opened April 16, 1925
Closest City Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Distance from Town 10 miles (16.2 kilometers)
Latitude Longitude
33º 28' 21.1" North 84º 25' 39.6" West
Direction Length Surface
Feet Metres
9R/27L 9,000 2,743 Paved
9L/27R 11,889 3,624 Paved
8R/26L 10,000 3,048 Paved
8L/26R 9,000 2,743 Paved
Comments on this test infobox

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, and is one of two airports considered the busiest airport in the world. Its IATA airport code is ATL, its ICAO airport code is KATL.



Hartsfield-Jackson had its beginnings with a five-year, rent free lease on 287 acres that had been the home of an abandoned auto racetrack. The lease was signed on April 16, 1925 by Mayor Walter Sims, who committed the city to develop it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, the property was renamed Candler Field after its former owner, Coca-Cola tycoon and former Atlanta mayor Asa Candler. The first flight into Candler Field was September 15, 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville. In May 1928, Pitcaim Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later these two airlines, known as Eastern Airlines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.

Candler Field's first control tower was opened March 1939 and in October 1940 the U.S. government declared it an air base. During World War II, the airport doubled in size and set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day, making it the nation's busiest airport in terms of flight operation.

In 1946 Candler Field was renamed Atlanta Municipal Airport. In 1948, more than one million passengers passed through a war surplus hangar that served as a terminal building. On June 1, 1956 an Eastern Airlines flight to Montreal, Canada was the first international flight out of Atlanta. In 1957, work on a new terminal was begun to help alleviate congestion. Atlanta was the busiest airport in the country with more than two million passengers passing through that year and, between noon and 2 p.m. each day, it became the busiest airport in the world.

On May 3, 1961, the new $21 million terminal opened, the largest in the country, being able to accommodate over six million travelers a year. The new airport was stretched past its capacity the very first year when nine and half million people passed though. In 1967, the city of Atlanta and the airlines began to work on a master plan for future development of Atlanta Municipal Airport.

Construction was begun on the world's largest air complex in January 1977 under the administration of mayor Maynard Jackson. It was the largest construction project in the South, costing $500 million. Named for a former Atlanta mayor who did much to promote air travel, the William Berry Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport opened on September 21, 1980, on-time and under budget. It was designed to accommodate up to 55 million passenger a year and covered 2.5 million ft² (230,000 m²). In December 1984 a 9,000 ft (3 km) fourth parallel runway was completed and another runaway was extended to 11,889 ft (3.6 km) the next year.

On May 11, 1996, ValuJet Flight 592, which had taken off for Hartsfield from Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida, experienced a fire and crashed into the Florida Everglades, killing all on board.

In 2003 on October 20th, Atlanta's city council voted to change the name from Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in order to honor former mayor Maynard Jackson, who had died earlier in the year.


FAA diagram of Hartsfield, showing construction on the south side of the airport.

Hartsfield-Jackson International is the chief hub to Delta Air Lines and mostly handles air traffic to other parts of the United States and Canada. Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport has international service to Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. It has two terminals where persons check in, the North Terminal and the South Terminal. They link to a main terminal for security screening, before passengers head to Concourse T, or to the underground train.

Six concourses exist for passenger boarding. Moving sidewalks and an underground "people mover" train made by Westinghouse connect the concourses, and the terminals building. Concourse T is attached to the terminal, and was formerly for international flights, before Concourse E was built prior to the 1996 Centennial Summer Olympics.

In July 2003, Mayor Shirley Franklin announced a second international concourse, which will also have its own terminal. The new Concourse F is scheduled to be completed in 2006. A new fifth runway and a consolidated rental car structure is also under construction. Also scheduled to be completed for 2010 is a new terminal south of the current terminals. The new terminal is expected to include approximately 31 gates.

Hartsfield-Jackson also has its own train station on the city's rapid transit system, MARTA. The above ground station is inside in the main terminal building.

Check-in and baggage claim

North Terminal

South Terminal

East International Terminal

  • (to be built in 2006)

Fourth Terminal

  • (to be built in 2010)

Departure and arrival halls

Concourse T

  • American Airlines (Chicago O'Hare, Dallas Ft. Worth, Miami)
  • Delta Air Lines (Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Anchorage(SEASONAL), Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Baton Rouge, Birmingham, Boston, Buffalo, Burbank, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago Midway, Chicago O'Hare, Cincinnati, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Dallas Ft. Worth, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, Fort Walton Beach, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Gulfport, Gunnison, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston Hobby, Houston Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville, Knoxville, Las Vegas, Lexington, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Melbourne, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis St. Paul, Mobile, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, New York Kennedy, New York LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County (Santa Ana), Orlando, Palm Springs, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Raleigh-Durham, Reno, Richmond, Sacramento, St, Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle, Steamboat Springs(SEASONAL), Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa, Toronto, Tucson, Tulsa, Vail, Vancouver(SEASONAL), Washington Dulles, Washington Reagan, West Palm Beach)
  • United Airlines (Chicago O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco)

Concourse A

Concourse B

Concourse C

  • AirTran (Akron-Canton, Baltimore/Washington, Bloomington, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago Midway, Dallas Ft. Worth, Dayton, Denver, Flint, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, Grand Bahama Island, Gulfport, Houston Hobby, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis St. Paul, Moline, Newark, New Orleans, Newport News, New York LaGuardia, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh-Durham, Rochester, San Francisco, Sarasota, Savannah, Tampa, Washington Dulles, Washington Reagan, West Palm Beach, Wichita)
  • Atlantic Southeast Airlines dba Delta Connection (ASA) (Akron-Canton, Albany (GA), Alexandria, Allentown, Appleton, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Brunswick, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus/Starkville (MS), Corpus Christi, Dallas Ft. Worth, Daytona Beach, Des Moines, Dothan, Evansville, Fayeteville (AR), Fayeteville/Ft. Bragg (NC), Flint, Florence (SC), Fort Walton Beach, Fort Wayne, Gainesville (FL), Grand Bahama Island, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Gulfport, Harrisburg, Houston Hobby, Houston Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson, Key West, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lexington, Little Rock, Long Island Islip, Lynchburg, Macon (GA), Manchester (NH), Melbourne, Meridian (MS), Milwaukee, Mobile, Monroe, Monterrey (MX), Montgomery, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Naples, New Orleans, Newport News, Norfolk, Omaha, Ottawa, Panama City Beach, Pensacola, Peoria, Providenciales (Turks and Caicos), Roanoke, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarasota, Savannah, Shreveport, South Bend, Tallahassee, Toledo, Toronto, Tri-Cities, Valdosta (GA), Washington Dulles, Washington National, White Plains, Wichita, Wilkes-Barre, Wilmington)
  • Comair dba Delta Connection (Akron-Canton, Allentown, Baltimore/Washington, Cincinnati, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Des Moines, Fort Walton Beach, Louisville, New York Kennedy, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toledo, Toronto)

Concourse D

International Concourse E

  • Aeroméxico (Cancun, Mexico City)
  • Air France (Paris Charles De Gaulle)
  • Air Jamaica (Montego Bay)
  • British Airways (London Gatwick
  • Delta Air Lines (International Flights) (Amsterdam, Aruba, Belize City, Bermuda, Bogota, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Cancun, Caracas, Cozumel, Dublin, Frankfurt, Grand Cayman, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Liberia (CR), Lima, London Gatwick, Los Cabos, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Milan, Montego Bay, Munich, Nassau, Panama City (Panama), Paris Charles De Gaulle, Providenciales (Turks and Caicos), Rome Fiumicino, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San Jose (CR), San Salvador, Santiago, Sao Paulo, Shannon, Stuttgart, Tokyo Narita, Zurich)
  • KLM (Amsterdam)
  • Korean Air (Seoul Inchon)
  • Lufthansa (Frankfurt)
  • South African Airways (Cape Town, Johannesburg)

International Concourse F

  • (to be announced in 2006)

Fourth Terminal Gates

  • (to be announced in 2010)

Cargo Airlines

External links

  • http://www.atlanta-airport.com/ the official site
  • http://www.ajc.com/travel/content/travel/hartsfield/hartsfield_marta.html
  • An excellent and thorough article at http://www.insiders.com/atlanta/main-getting4.htm


Atlanta landmarks
Atlanta Botanical Garden | Atlanta Civic Center | Atlanta Cyclorama | Atlanta History Center | Atlanta Symphony Hall | Atlantic Station | Centennial Olympic Park | Chattahoochee River | CNN Center | Fernbank Science Center | Fox Theatre | Georgia Aquarium | Georgia Dome | Georgia Governor's Mansion | Georgia State Capitol | Georgia World Congress Center | Grant Park | Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport | High Museum of Art | Jimmy Carter Library and Museum | Margaret Mitchell House and Museum | Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site | Philips Arena | Piedmont Park | Stone Mountain | The Varsity | Turner Field | Underground Atlanta | Woodruff Arts Center | World of Coca-Cola | Zoo Atlanta
Former: Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium | Loew's Grand Theatre | Omni Coliseum | SciTrek



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