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Encyclopedia > Hartlepool
Hartlepool

Hartlepool shown within County Durham
Population 90,290 (2006) [1]
OS grid reference NZ508331
Unitary authority Hartlepool
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HARTLEPOOL
Postcode district TS24 - TS27
Dialling code 01429
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
European Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Hartlepool
List of places: UKEnglandCounty Durham

Coordinates: 54°41′N 1°13′W / 54.69, -1.21 Image File history File links Question_book-new. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... North-East England is one of the nine official regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear and a small part of North Yorkshire. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The TS postcode area, also known as the Cleveland postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Billingham, Guisborough, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Stockton-on-Tees, Trimdon Station, Wingate and Yarm in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Durham Constabulary is a Home Office police force with the responsibilty of policing the county of Durham in the north east of England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... County Durham Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering an area of 623,260 acres, for Darlington and County Durham. ... Emergency medical services in England are almost all provided by the National Health Service - the public health service in England. ... The North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Darlington, Durham, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Northumberland, Stockton-on-Tees, and Tyne and Wear in the North East England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... North East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Creation 1868 MP Iain Wright Party Labour Type House of Commons County County Durham EP constituency North East England Hartlepool is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of places in County Durham, in England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Hartlepool (IPA: /'hɑːtlɪpuːl/) is a North Sea port in North East England. It is within the unitary authority area of the Borough of Hartlepool, for ceremonial purposes part of County Durham. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... North-East England is one of the nine official regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear and a small part of North Yorkshire. ... A unitary authority is a term used in a two-tier local government system to describe a unit of local government that operates as a single tier. ... Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ...

Contents

History

Hartlepool Town Wall: dating from the late 14th century the limestone wall once enclosed the whole of the medieval town. The picturesque houses overlook the entrance to Victoria Docks which can be seen in the background.
Hartlepool Town Wall: dating from the late 14th century the limestone wall once enclosed the whole of the medieval town. The picturesque houses overlook the entrance to Victoria Docks which can be seen in the background.

Hartlepool was founded as a village in the 7th century AD, springing up around Hartlepool Abbey, founded in 640 on a headland overlooking a natural harbour. The monastery became famous under St Hilda, who served as its abbess from 649-657, but it fell into decline and was likely destroyed by the Vikings in 800. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hartlepool Abbey was a Northumbrian monastery founded in 640 CE by Hieu, the first of the saintly recluses of Northumbria[1], and Aidan of Lindisfarne, on the Headland Estate of Hartlepool now called the Heugh or Old Hartlepool, in County Durham, England. ... Hilda of Whitby is a Christian Saint. ... An Abbess (Latin abbatissa, fem. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ...


The place name derives from Old English *heort-ieg "hart island", referring to stags seen, and pol, "pool". Records of the place-name from early sources confirm this: Look up hart in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ...

  • 649: Heretu
  • 1017: Hertelpolle
  • 1182: Hierdepol

Hart is the Old English name for a stag or deer which appears on the towns crest and le pool meant by the sea, people moved here to hunt where there was deer by the sea and eventually settled there, the petrified forest below the sea provides proof thet hart(deer) did once live in a forest by the sea, hence Hartlepool.


During the Middle Ages the village grew into an important (though still small) town, gaining a market and walls, and its harbour was improved to serve as the official port of the County palatine of Durham. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A County palatine is an area ruled by an count palatine (or earl palatine); with special authority and autonomy from the rest of the kingdom. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ...


Hartlepool had medicinal springs, particularly the chalybeate spa near the Westgate. Thomas Gray the famous poet ('Elegy in a Country Churchyard') visited Hartlepool in July 1765 to take the waters, and wrote to his friend Dr Wharton: For other uses, see Thomas Gray (disambiguation). ...


'I have been for two days at Hartlepool to taste the water, and do assure you that nothing could be salter and bitterer and nastier and better for you... I am delighted with the place; there are the finest walks and rocks and caverns...'


A few weeks later, he wrote in greater detail:


'The rocks, the sea and the weather there more than made up to me the want of bread and the want of water, two capital defects, but of which I learned from the inhabitants not to be sensible. They live on the refuse of their own fish-market, with a few potatoes, and a reasonable quantity of Geneva [gin] six days in the week, and I have nowhere seen a taller, more robust or healthy race: every house full of ruddy broad-faced children. Nobody dies but of drowning or old-age: nobody poor but from drunkenness or mere laziness.'


Isambard Kingdom Brunel visited the town in December 1831 and wrote: 'A curiously isolated old fishing town - a remarkably fine race of men. Went to the top of the church tower for a view.' Isambard Kingdom Brunel, FRS (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859) (IPA: ), was a British engineer. ...


Hartlepool's harbour made it a convenient outlet for the coalfields of South Durham and in 1835 a railway was built to enable South Durham coal to be exported. A rival railway was built in 1847 and docks were established at its terminus, around which a new town, West Hartlepool, was founded by Ralph Ward Jackson. Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... West Hartlepool refers to the western part of the modern borough of Hartlepool in north-east England. ... Ralph Ward Jackson founded West Hartlepool, England in the 1900s. ...


The two communities grew very rapidly, from a population of only a thousand at the start of the 19th century to 64,000 in 1891. The modern town represents a joining together of "Old Hartlepool", locally known as the "headland", and West Hartlepool. What was West Hartlepool became the larger town and the two were formally joined in 1967. Today the term "West Hartlepool" is rarely heard outside the context of sport, but the town's only premier Rugby Union team still proudly retain the name (See Sports below) West Hartlepool refers to the western part of the modern borough of Hartlepool in north-east England. ... West Hartlepool refers to the western part of the modern borough of Hartlepool in north-east England. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


The name of the town's professional football club reflected the two boroughs; when it was formed in 1908, following the success of West Hartlepool in winning the FA Amateur Cup in 1905, it was called "Hartlepools United" in the hope of attracting support from both towns. When the boroughs combined in 1967 the club renamed itself "Hartlepool" before renaming itself Hartlepool United in the 1970s. Many fans of the club still refer to the team as "Pools". Hartlepool United F.C. is an English football team currently playing in Football League One. ...


The area became heavily industrialised with an ironworks (established 1838) and shipyards in the docks (established in the 1870s). By 1913, no fewer than 43 ship-owning companies were located in the town, with responsibility for 236 ships. This made it a key target for Germany in the First World War. The first German offensive against Britain in the Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby was mounted at Hartlepool between 8.10 and 9.30 am on the morning of 16 December 1914, when units of the Imperial German Navy bombarded Hartlepool, West Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough with a total of 1150 shells, killing 137 people and wounding 592. Two coastal defence batteries at Hartlepool returned fire, firing 143 shells, damaging three German ships: SMS Seydlitz, SMS Moltke and SMS Blücher. As a result of this bombardment, the first civilian casualty on British soil fell, an event commemorated by a plaque at the spot on the headland. An attempt by the German High Command to repeat the attack a month later led to the Battle of Dogger Bank on 24 January 1915 at which the Blucher was sunk. During World War II, RAF Greatham (also known as RAF West Hartlepool) was located on the the current South British Steel Works. Ironworks at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire, England An ironworks or iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted and where heavy iron and/or steel products are made. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Fish ladder and shipyard in Grave, the Netherlands Construction hall of Schichau Seebeck Shipyard, Bremerhaven Gdynia Shipyard Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Belligerents United Kingdom German Empire Commanders John Jellicoe David Beatty Franz von Hipper Friedrich von Ingenohl Strength British Grand Fleet High Seas Fleet Casualties and losses 137 fatalities 592 casualties 3 damaged cruisers The Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby, which took place on December 16, 1914, was an attack... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire and existed between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy and the Norddeutsche Bundesmarine. ... , For other uses, see Whitby (disambiguation). ... This article is on the English seaside resort. ... The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea that took place on 24 January 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... RAF Greatham was an RAF base situated in Greatham, County Durham, England. ... British Steel is a large British steel producer, privatised in 1988 under the Thatcher government. ...


Hartlepool suffered badly in the Great Depression of the 1930s and suffered high unemployment until the start of the Second World War, during which its shipbuilding and steel-making industries enjoyed a renaissance. After the war, both industries went into a severe decline. "Blanchland", the last ship to be constructed in Hartlepool, left the slips in 1961. There was a boost to the retail sector in 1968 when Middleton Grange Shopping Centre was opened by Princess Anne, with over 130 new shops including Marks & Spencer and Woolworths. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Inside Middleton Grange showing staff cleaning outside Alvins Coffee Bar Middleton Grange is a shopping centre in Hartlepool, England. ... Princess Anne redirects here. ... Marks & Spencer Group plc (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ... // About Woolworths Group plc is a general merchandise business in the United Kingdom. ...


Before the shopping centre was opened, the old town centre was located around Lynn Street, but most of the shops and the market had moved to a new shopping centre by 1974. Most of Lynn Street had by then been demolished to make way for a new housing estate. Only the north end of the street remains, now called Lynn Street North. This is where the Hartlepool Borough Council depot was based (alongside the Focus DIY store) until it moved to the marina in August 2006. By the 1980s the area was again severely affected by unemployment. A series of major investment projects in the 1990s revived the town centre with a new marina, rehabilitation of derelict land, the indoor conversion to modernise Middleton Grange Shopping Centre from the 1960s brutalist architecture, the Historic Quay regeneration, and the construction of much new housing, which has led to the town becoming improbably chic in recent years.[citation needed] A marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... Inside Middleton Grange showing staff cleaning outside Alvins Coffee Bar Middleton Grange is a shopping centre in Hartlepool, England. ... Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the Modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the 1970s. ...


Hartlepool nuclear power station is an advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) type nuclear power plant opened near Hartlepool in the 1980s. Hartlepool Power Station is a nuclear power station of the advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) type, which was opened near Hartlepool in 1983 and is scheduled for decommissioning by 2014. ... Schematic diagram of the Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor. ...


Governance

The Hartlepool constituency was represented in the House of Commons from 1992 until summer 2004 by Labour MP, Peter Mandelson. Location of Hartlepool constituency Hartlepool is a Parliamentary Constituency in the House of Commons. ... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Mr Mandelson resigned to take up a role in the European Commission. The by-election on September 30 was won by Labour's Iain Wright with a much-reduced majority following an 18% swing to the Liberal Democrats. He retained the seat with a greatly increased majority in the 2005 UK general election. Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... Location of Hartlepool constituency On July 23, 2004, the Member of Parliament for Hartlepool, Peter Mandelson (Labour), was nominated as Britains new European Commissioner. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Iain David Wright (born May 9, 1972) is a British Labour politician, and Member of Parliament for Hartlepool since winning a by-election in September 2004. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 and won by the Labour Party, led by Tony Blair. ...


Geography

Nearby towns and cities

This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the town in North East England. ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... This article is about the town in England. ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ...

Local Areas / Villages

brierton is a rubbish school in hartlepool. ... Dalton Piercy is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... Elwick is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. ... Greatham is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... Hart is a village in County Durham, in England. ... High Throston is a suburb of Hartlepool within the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. ... Newton Bewley is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... Owton Manor is a place in County Durham, in England. ... Rift House is a place in borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Headland is a place the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. ... West Park is a place in County Durham, in England. ...

Economy

Tourism

History

  • St. Hilda's Church
  • Hartlepool Abbey
  • Camerons Brewery
  • Town Wall & Cannon
  • Museum of Hartlepool
  • The Headland
  • West Hartlepool War Memorial

Hartlepool Abbey was a Northumbrian monastery founded in 640 CE by Hieu, the first of the saintly recluses of Northumbria[1], and Aidan of Lindisfarne, on the Headland Estate of Hartlepool now called the Heugh or Old Hartlepool, in County Durham, England. ... The Headland is a place the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. ... West Hartlepool War Memorial is a war memorial in Hartlepool, England in honour of the dead from the town in World War I. It is located at Victory Square off Victoria Road in the town centre and is next to Middleton Grange Shopping Centre. ...

Maritime

Hartlepools Maritime Experience is a visitor attraction in the North East of England. ... PS Wingfield Castle is a paddle steamer, preserved as a museum ship in Hartlepool, County Durham, England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... HMS Trincomalee is a Royal Navy Leda class sailing frigate built shortly following the end of the Napoleonic War. ...

Entertainment and Shopping

Vue company logo Vue is a cinema company in Ireland and the UK. The company was formed in May 2003 when SBC International Cinemas bought Warner Village Cinemas. ... The Rank Group plc was established on December 22, 1995 as a public limited company in England and Wales and in October 1996 it became a holding company owning all the outstanding shares of the Rank Organisation. ... A marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... Inside Middleton Grange showing staff cleaning outside Alvins Coffee Bar Middleton Grange is a shopping centre in Hartlepool, England. ...

Leisure

Hartlepool United F.C. is an English football team currently playing in Football League One. ... Ward Jackson Park is a municipal park located in Hartlepool, England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Headland is a place the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. ... The Heugh (pronounced yuff) Gun Battery is located on the Headland at Hartlepool, County Durham, England. ... The Palmerston Forts around the north east of England include: Abbs Point Battery, Roker, Sunderland Cemetery Battery, Hartlepool Frenchmans Battery, South Shields Heugh Battery (Hartlepool Battery), Hartlepool Lighthouse Battery, Hartlepool Fort Paull, Kingston upon Hull South Gare Battery, Hartlepool Spanish Battery, Tynemouth Tynemouth Castle, Tynemouth Wave Basin Battery, Sunderland... Hartlepool Submerged Forest (grid reference NZ520315) is a 19. ...

Restaurants and clubs

This article is about the type of restaurant. ... English cuisine is shaped by the countrys temperate climate, its island geography and its history. ... Brewers Fayre is a chain of British restaurants, with about 430 outlets. ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... External links Mediterranean cuisine guide and recipes Categories: Stub | Mediterranean cuisine ... Spanish cuisine consists of a small variety of dishes which stem from differences in geography, culture and climate. ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... Pub redirects here. ... Pub redirects here. ... The Moon Under Water in Hounslow J. D. Wetherspoon plc (LSE: JDW) (commonly referred to as Wetherspoons or spoons) is a British pub chain founded by Tim Martin. ... The Moon Under Water in Hounslow J. D. Wetherspoon plc (LSE: JDW) (commonly referred to as Wetherspoons or spoons) is a British pub chain founded by Tim Martin. ... Discussing the War in a Paris Café, Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 Coffee shop redirects here. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a food chain based in Louisville, Kentucky, known mainly for its fried chicken. ... Pizza Hut Inc. ... Subway is a franchise fast food restaurant that primarily sells sandwiches and salads. ...

Transport

Road

Hartlepool is served by two primary routes which are the A179 road and the A689 road, both linking the town to the A19 road. The A179 road is the main road to the north west which leads to the A19 road, Peterlee, Durham and Sunderland. The A689 road is the main road to the south west towards the A19 & Billingham, Stockton and Middlesbrough. The A178 road leads south to Seaton Carew, Graythorpe, Seal Sands, Port Clarence and Middlesbrough via the Transporter bridge. The A1086 road leads north to Crimdon, Blackhall, Horden and Easington. The A179 is the major link road between the A19 and Hartlepool via Hart Village. ... The A689 is a road in northern England, that runs east from Junction 44 of the M6 motorway, near Carlisle in Cumbria, to Hartlepool, in the North East. ... The A19 is a major road in England, running parallel to and east of the A1 road. ... The A179 is the major link road between the A19 and Hartlepool via Hart Village. ... The A19 is a major road in England, running parallel to and east of the A1 road. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... The A689 is a road in northern England, that runs east from Junction 44 of the M6 motorway, near Carlisle in Cumbria, to Hartlepool, in the North East. ... For people named Billingham, see Billingham (surname). ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ... This article is about the town in North East England. ... The A178 is a road that runs from Hartlepool to Middlesbrough in the former county of Cleveland. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Graythorpe is a village within the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... Seal Sands (grid reference NZ529260) is a 294. ... Port Clarence is a place in County Durham, in England. ... This article is about the town in North East England. ... The Newport Transporter Bridge A transporter bridge (also ferry bridge or aerial transfer bridge) is a type of movable bridge that carries a segment of roadway across a river. ... The A1086 is a road in County Durham, north-east England. ... Crimdon is a village in County Durham, in England. ... Blackhall can refer to two adjoining villages in County Durham, in England: Blackhall Colliery Blackhall Rocks Blackhall, Edinburgh, in Scotland This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Horden is a village in County Durham, England. ... Easington is a town in Easington district in east County Durham, England. ...


Rail

Hartlepool is served by Hartlepool railway station which is on the Durham Coast Line with hourly services to Newcastle and Middlesbrough which are provided by Northern Rail. There is a new service to London from Sunderland provided by Grand Central that uses former InterCity 125 trains. This is the first time in 15 years that Hartlepool has had a direct link to London by train.Seaton Carew railway station is also located on Seaton Lane Hartlepool railway station serves the town of Hartlepool within the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... The Durham Coast Line (DCL) is the name given to the railway services which link Newcastle upon Tyne with Middlesborough, via Sunderland and Hartlepool. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the town in North East England. ... Northern Rail, usually known as Northern (and sometimes incorrectly called Northern Trains), is a train operating company, that has operated local passenger services in the north of England since 2004. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Grand Union Railway or Great Central Railway. ... Seaton Carew railway station serves the village of Seaton Carew, within the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ...


Bus

Hartlepool has services provided by Stagecoach Group around the town and to Billingham, Stockton and Middlesbrough. Other services are provided by Arriva and Go North East to Peterlee, Durham, Sunderland and Newcastle. Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ... For people named Billingham, see Billingham (surname). ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ... This article is about the town in North East England. ... An Arriva train in Denmark Arriva plc is a UK-based international public transport operator and vehicle rental company, headquartered in Sunderland. ... Go North East, the founding company and part of the Go-Ahead Group, operates bus services in Tyne and Wear and County Durham in England. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ...


Sport

Hartlepool United is the town's professional football club and they play at Victoria Park, Hartlepool. They have won promotion to League One for the 2007–08 season. The supporters of the club bear the nickname of Monkey Hangers. This is based upon legend that during the Napoleonic wars a ship's mascot was hanged for being a French spy. Hartlepool United F.C. is an English football team currently playing in Football League One. ... Victoria Park is a 7,691 capacity football ground in Hartlepool, Northern England and it is the home of Hartlepool United. ... Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Coca-Cola Football League 1 for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of The Football League and third-highest division overall in the English football league system. ...


West Hartlepool R.F.C. are more commonly known as "West" and in the 2007 - 2008 season they won the North 2 East league title and were promoted to North 1 (which is the 4 tier of the national league structure). In the mid-1990's, West were the pride of North East rugby union and played in what is now the Guinness Premiership. West were then hit by bankruptcy and they controversially sold their Brierton Lane stadium. There then followed a succession of relegations as the professional players deserted the club because West needed to pay off their debts which was a consequence of the clubs ambitious pursuit of professionalism. Official website www. ... Northern Division - North 2 East is an English Rugby Union League at the sixth tier of the domestic competition. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Guinness Premiership is a professional league competition for rugby union clubs in the top division of the English rugby system. ...


Tall Ships' Races

On 28 June 2006, Hartlepool celebrated after winning its bid to host The Tall Ships' Races. The town will welcome up to 125 tall ships in 2010, after being chosen by race organiser Sail Training International to be the finishing point for the race. Hartlepool will greet the ships, which will have sailed from Kristiansand in Norway on the second and final leg of the race. Tall Ships Races, formerly known as the Cutty Sark Tall Ships Races, are long-distance races for sailing ships. ... The USCGC Eagle. ... County District Sørlandet Municipality NO-1001 Administrative centre Kristiansand Mayor (2004) Per Sigurd Sørensen(H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 287 277 km² 259 km² 0. ...


Hartlepool already has good links with tall ships after almost 40 vessels visited Hartlepool in 2005 en route to Newcastle, and Hartlepool Council, PD Ports and Hartlepool Marina teamed up in April this year to submit a bid to host the race.


Hartlepool Mayor Stuart Drummond said: "There's a great spirit of partnership in the town and we put together a very strong bid. We knew we had the capability and the passion to be a top class host port and we are delighted that the race organisers felt the same. The event will present a tremendous opportunity to showcase the town." Stuart Drummond (born 29 November 1973) is the first directly-elected mayor of Hartlepool, North East England. ...


Allan Henderson, Hartlepool Marina Director, added: "This is fabulous news and a great honour. Hartlepool already has an excellent name in the maritime world, and the skippers and crews of the tall ships which visited us last year were very impressed with the fantastic welcome they received. Hosting the Tall Ships race further reinforces Hartlepool's well deserved reputation as a first rate visitor destination."


Local media

The Hartlepool Mail is a newspaper serving Hartlepool and the surrounding area. ... BBC Tees is the BBC Local Radio service for the English areas of Teesside, County Durham and some of North Yorkshire. ... Radio Hartlepool is a full time Community Radio Station that broadcasts on FM, Internet radio and works for the benefit of various communities in Hartlepool. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...

Monkeys

Hartlepool is famous for allegedly executing a monkey during the Napoleonic Wars[2]. Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack...


Historians have also pointed to the prior existence of a Scottish folk song called "And the Boddamers hung the Monkey-O". It describes how a monkey survived a shipwreck off the village of Boddam near Peterhead in Aberdeenshire. Because the villagers could only claim salvage rights if there were no survivors from the wreck, they allegedly hanged the monkey. Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... , For the village on the Shetland Islands, see Boddam, Shetland. ... , There is also a suburb of Adelaide named Peterhead, South Australia Peterhead called Ceann Phadraig in Gaelic is a town in Scotland with a population of approximately 18,000. ... The traditional county of Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain in Gaelic) borders Banffshire and Inverness-shire to the west, Perthshire, Angus and Kincardineshire to the south, and the North Sea to the north and east. ...


There is also a folk song by Little Billy Fayne about the Hartlepool hanging.


"Monkey hanger" and Chimp Choker are common terms of (semi-friendly) abuse aimed at "Poolies", often from bitter footballing rivals Darlington. The mascot of Hartlepool United F.C. is H'Angus the monkey. The man in the monkey costume, Stuart Drummond, stood for the post of Mayor in 2002 as H'angus the monkey, and campaigned on a platform which included free bananas for schoolchildren. To widespread surprise, he won, becoming the first directly-elected Mayor of Hartlepool, winning 7,400 votes with a 52% share of the vote and a turnout of 30%. He was re-elected by a landslide in 2005, winning 16,912 on a turnout of 51% – 10,000 votes more than his nearest rival, the Labour Party candidate. Monkey Hanger is the affectionate term by which Hartlepudlians are often known by other residents of Great Britain. ... This article is about the town in England. ... Hartlepool United Football Club are an English football team currently playing in League One. ... HAngus the Monkey is the official mascot of Hartlepool United F.C.. The name “H’Angus” is a pun of the word hang, which is derived from the monkey hanger legend of Hartlepool. ... Stuart Drummond (born 29 November 1973) is the first directly-elected mayor of Hartlepool, North East England. ... Direct election In 2000 the Labour government led by Tony Blair passed a local government reform which changed this somewhat. ...


The monkey legend is also linked with another of the town's sports clubs, Hartlepool Rovers RFC, which uses the hanging monkey as the club logo. On tours it would hang a monkey on the posts of the rugby pitch to spread the story.

The bone
The bone

In June 2005 a large bone was found washed ashore on Hartlepool beach by local resident Gary Powell, which initially was taken as giving credence to the monkey legend. Analysis revealed the bone to be that of a red deer which had died 6,000 years ago. Image File history File links 06_31a. ... Image File history File links 06_31a. ... This article is about the species of deer. ...


The bone is now in the collections of Hartlepool Museum Service.


Notable people

Kieran Bew is an English actor who comes from Hartlepool, England. ... Not to be confused with German curler Andy Kapp. ... Frank Cook (born 3 November 1935) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... John Darwin is a former British prison officer who was declared dead after he disappeared in March 2002 while canoeing in the sea near Hartlepool [1]. However, in December 2007 Darwin walked into a London police station, claiming to have no memory of the past seven years. ... Xfm logo Xfm is a brand of commercial radio stations focused on current and unsigned alternative music and owned by GCap Media in the United Kingdom. ... Alex Zane (real name Farris Albayati), born 3 March 1979[citation needed] in Leeds, England, is a stand-up comedian, presenter and DJ. He attended Boston Spa Comprehensive School before going to study Medicine at University College London. ... Stuart Drummond (born 29 November 1973) is the first directly-elected mayor of Hartlepool, North East England. ... HAngus the Monkey is the official mascot of Hartlepool United F.C.. The name HAngus is a pun of the word hang and the name Angus, and is derived from the monkey hanger legend of Hartlepool. ... Janick Robert Gers (born January 27, 1957 in Hartlepool, England) is one of three current guitarists in the heavy metal band Iron Maiden and a songwriter for the band. ... Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in the East End of London. ... Edward Hardy Ted Harrison is an Canadian artist born in 1926 in Wingate, County Durham, England. ... Cleveland College of Art and Design is a further and higher education art and design college, based in the United Kingdom. ... Chick Henderson (November 22, 1912—June 24, 1944) was an English singer who achieved popularity and acclaim as a prolific recording artist and performer with dance bands during the late 1930s and early 1940s. ... Fred Astaire and Eleanor Powell in Broadway Melody of 1940 Begin the Beguine is a song written by Cole Porter and introduced by June Knight in the Broadway musical Jubilee (1935). ... Scott Henshall (born November 15, 1975 in Hartlepool) is a British fashion designer. ... Im a Celebrity. ... Hilda of Whitby is a Christian Saint. ... Reginald Hill (born in 1936 at West Hartlepool in County Durham) is a British crime writer. ... Detective Superintendent Andrew Dalziel (usually known as Andy) and Detective Sergeant (later Detective Inspector) Peter Pascoe are two fictional Yorkshire detectives featuring in a series of novels by Reginald Hill that became a BBC television series, also named Dalziel and Pascoe. ... Michael Hunter (born 5 May 1978) is a Super Bantamweight boxer from Hartlepool, North East England. ... Andrew Andy Linighan (born June 18, 1962) is a former English football player. ... David Linighan (born January 9, 1965 in Hartlepool, County Durham) is a former English professional football player. ... Jack London (real name John George Harper, born 23 June 1913 in Hartlepool, died 1 January 1964) was an English heavyweight boxer. ... Brian London whos real name is Brian Harper. ... Sir (Edward Montague) Compton Mackenzie, (1883–1972), was an Scottish novelist. ... Michael Douglas Maidens (May 7, 1987 – October 19, 2007) was an English footballer. ... Colin McGinn (born 1950) is a British philosopher currently working at the University of Miami. ... John McGovern was born in Montrose, Scotland on October 28, 1949 and moved with his family to Hartlepool at the age of seven. ... Professor Edward Mellanby (1884 - 1955) discovered vitamin D and the role of the vitamin in preventing rickets in 1919. ... Philip Middlesmiss is a British television actor, who was originally a popular character in ITVs Coronation Street, but his role ended when his character was murdered. ... Des Barnes was a character on ITV drama Coronation Street played by actor Philip Middlemiss. ... Coronation Street is an award-winning British soap opera. ... Darren Morfitt sings the Morrissey song Youre Gonna Need Someone On Your Side as Jesus in Manchester Passion Darren Morfitt (born 12 September 1973 in Hartlepool, England) is a television actor who has appeared in including 55 Degrees North, Red Cap, Warriors and the cult werewolf movie Dog Soldiers. ... William (Bill) Roberts (September 29, 1900 - April 30, 2006) was one of only a few surviving British veterans of the First World War alive at the start of 2006. ... Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30, 1937 in South Shields, South Tyneside) is a British film director and producer. ... Cleveland College of Art and Design is a further and higher education art and design college, based in the United Kingdom. ... Michael Smith, aka Citizen Smith and Giro Playboy Michael Smith (born 1976) is a writer and broadcaster, best known for Citizen Smith, a six-part TV series examining what it means to be English at the start of the 21st Century. ... Reginald Reg Smythe (July 10, 1917, Hartlepool – June 13, 1998, Hartlepool) was a British cartoonist who created the Andy Capp comic strip. ... Not to be confused with German curler Andy Kapp. ... Jeremy Spencer (born 4 July 1948, in Hartlepool, County Durham, England), is a musician, best known as one of Fleetwood Macs first guitarists, joining the band in July 1967. ... This article is about the band. ... Jeff Stelling is a legendary British sport television presenter, currently hosting Soccer Saturday and Monday Night Football on Sky Sports. ... Gillette Soccer Saturday is a television programme broadcast on Sky Sports in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland during the football season. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... Graeme Storm (born 13 March 1978) is an English golfer on the European Tour. ... This article is about the game. ... Lionel Tertis (29 December 1876 – 22 February 1975) was an English violist and one of the first viola players to find international fame. ... For other persons named Michael Brown, see Michael Brown (disambiguation). ... Wigan Athletic Football Club are a professional football team based in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. ... David Matthew Murphy (born October 18, 1981, in Houston, Texas[1]) is an American professional baseball player. ... Birmingham City (BCFC) is one of Birminghams two professional soccer teams (the other is Aston Villa F.C.). Originally known as The Small Heath Alliance, they became in 1905 and Birmingham City F.C. in 1945. ...

Town twinning

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Hückelhoven is a town and a municipality in the district Heinsberg, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

References

External links

Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Darlington is a local government district and borough in North East England. ... Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the Tees Valley area of north-east England, with a resident population in 2001 of 178,408, rising to 185,880 in 2005 estimates. ... Chester-le-Street is a local government district in County Durham in north-east England. ... Derwentside is a local government district in County Durham, England, named after the River Derwent. ... Durham is a local government district and city in County Durham. ... Easington is a local government district and in eastern County Durham, England. ... Sedgefield is a local government district and borough in County Durham, in north-east England. ... Teesdale is a local government district in County Durham, England. ... Wear Valley is a local government district in County Durham, England. ... Statistics Population: 5,326 (2001) [1] Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ047166 Administration District: Teesdale Shire county: County Durham Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: County Durham Historic county: County Durham Services Police force: Durham Constabulary Ambulance service: North East Post office... For people named Billingham, see Billingham (surname). ... Statistics Population: 24,392 (2001) [1] Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ208294 Administration District: Wear Valley Shire county: County Durham Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: County Durham Historic county: County Durham Services Police force: Durham Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance... Chester-le-Street is a market town in County Durham, England with a history going back to Roman times. ... , Consett is a medium-sized town in the northwest of County Durham, England, and is the administrative centre of the district of Derwentside. ... , Crook (commonly known as Crook Market Town) is a small market town in County Durham, England. ... This article is about the town in England. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... Eaglescliffe is a small town within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. ... Easington is a town in Easington district in east County Durham, England. ... , Ferryhill is a town in south-central County Durham, England with a population of around 12,000 people. ... , Newton Aycliffe is a town in County Durham, England. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... , Seaham, formerly Seaham Harbour, is a small town in County Durham that grew up around a harbour on the North Sea coast of north-east England. ... For other uses, see Sedgefield (disambiguation). ... Shildon, Cradle Of The Railways, is a town in County Durham, in England. ... Spennymoor is a town in County Durham, England, standing above the Wear Valley approximately seven miles south of Durham. ... Stanley is a former mining town in County Durham, England. ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ... Willington is a former-pit town in County Durham, England. ... This is a list of civil parishes in the non-metropolitan county of County Durham, England, along with the non-metropolitan districts of Darlington and Hartlepool, and Stockton-on-Tees (north of the river). ... The county of Durham, together with the now separate unitary authority of Darlington, is divided into 7 Parliamentary constituencies - 1 Borough constituency in Darlington and 6 County constituencies. ... This is a list of places in County Durham, in England. ...

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