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Encyclopedia > Hart Senate Office Building
Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE
Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE

The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s. First occupied in November 1982, the Hart Building is the largest of the Senate office buildings. It is named for Philip A. Hart, long-time senator from Michigan. Picture of the Senate Hart Building Taken from government website -- http://www. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Philip Aloysius Hart (December 10, 1912–December 26, 1976) was a Democratic senator from Michigan. ... State nickname: Wolverine State or Great Lakes State Other U.S. States Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm (D) Official languages English de-facto Area 250,941 km² (11th)  - Land 147,255 km²  - Water 103,687 km² (41. ...

Contents


Design and construction

Following a recommendation from George M. White (then the serving Architect of the Capitol) the plan submitted by the architectural firm of John Carl Warnecke & Associates; it was approved by the Senate Committee on Public Works on August 8, 1974. Construction proceeded, and the building was first occupied in November of 1982. United States Capitol The Architect of the Capitol is responsible to the United States Congress for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, which includes the Capitol, the congressional office buildings, the Library of Congress buildings, the United States Supreme Court building, the United States... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rather than adopt the neo-classical style of the first two office buildings, the architect gave the Hart Building a more distinctly contemporary appearance, although with a marble façade in keeping with its surrounding. The architects sought to design a flexible, energy-efficient building that would accommodate both the expanded staff and the new technology of the modern Senate. The building's design also deliberately spared the adjacent Sewall-Belmont house, a historic structure that serves as headquarters for the National Woman’s Party and a museum for the woman suffrage movement. As construction proceeded, however, rapid inflation in the 1970s multiplied costs and caused several modifications of the original plan, most notably the elimination of a rooftop restaurant and a gymnasium. Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Marble This page is about the metamorphic rock. ...


Structure

The nine-story structure provides offices for fifty senators, as well as for three committees and several subcommittees. Two-story duplex suites allow a senator’s entire office staff to work in connecting rooms. Where solid walls limited the arrangement of office space in the two older buildings, movable partitions permit reconfiguration of offices in the Hart Building to meet changing needs. Designed for modern telecommunications, removable floor panels permit the laying of telephone lines and computer cables, further aiding the rearrangement of offices as computers rapidly alter staff functions. On the building's roof, microwave satellite dishes expand senators’ communication links with the news media in their home states. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The large Central Hearing Facility on the second floor of the Hart Building was designed for high-interest events attracting crowds that could not be accommodated in the regular hearing rooms. The facility offered more seating, better acoustics, and movable side panes where television cameras could operate without distracting the participants. Behind the dais where committee members sit, the Senate seal is affixed to a white and gray marble wall, which contrasts with the wood-paneled side walls. The room has become familiar to television viewers as the site of numerous Senate investigations and confirmation hearings.


Situated the furthest from the Capitol, the Hart Building was connected underground to an extension of the existing Congressional Subway to the Dirksen Building. In 1994 a new train loop was installed that provided more cars and speedier service to handle the increased traffic between the buildings. With wider doors and trains at platform-level, the new system is also fully accessible to the handicapped. In addition, the Hart Building provides three floors of underground parking and reading. The Congressional Subway in Washington, D.C. consists of two underground electric subway systems that connect the U.S. Capitol building to the House and Senate office buildings. ...


The Atrium

In contrast to the other Senate office building, where offices ringed open courtyards, the Hart Building features a 90-foot high central atrium. The skylit atrium provides an energy-efficient means of lighting corridors and offices. Walkways bridge the atrium on each floor. Located on either end of the atrium are elevator banks and skylit semicircular staircases. Looking up inside the 32-story atrium of the Shanghai Grand Hyatt, part of the Jin Mao Building. ...


The centerpiece of the atrium is Alexander Calder's mobile-stabile, Mountains and Clouds. The monumental piece combines black aluminum clouds suspended above black steel mountains, with the tallest peak being 51 feet high. It was one of Calder's last works. The sculptor came to Washington on November 10, 1976 to make the final adjustments to his model, and died later that evening after returning to New York. Budget cuts delayed construction of the sculpture until 1986, when former New Jersey Senator Nicholas F. Brady raised private funds to underwrite the installation. Alexander Calder Alexander Calder (July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976), also known as Sandy Calder, was an American sculptor and artist most famous for inventing the mobile. ... Mountains and Clouds Mountains and Clouds is the name of a sculpture by Alexander Calder that is located in the Hart Senate Office Building. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nicholas F. Brady Nicholas Frederick Brady (born April 11, 1930, in New York City) was United States Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, and is also known for articulating the Brady Plan in March 1989. ...


Anthrax scare

In the fall of 2001, several suites of this building became contaminated by the release of anthrax powder from an envelope mailed to Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle. The building was closed. The cleanup was finished in December, 2001 [1]. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947), known as Tom Daschle, was a U.S. Senator from South Dakota and the Senate Minority Leader. ...


Reference

  • Hart building webpage on Senate.gov

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hart Senate Office Building - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (790 words)
The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s.
Construction proceeded, and the building was first occupied in November of 1982.
Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE Situated the farthest from the Capitol, the Hart Building was connected underground to an extension of the existing Congressional Subway to the Dirksen Senate Office Building.
Dirksen Senate Office Building - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (825 words)
The Dirksen Senate Office Building was the second office building constructed for members of the United States Senate in Washington D.C. and was named after the late Minority Leader Everett Dirksen from Illinois in 1972.
The Dirksen Building was designed to accommodate the television era, complete with committee hearing rooms equipped with rostrums that were better suited to listening to testimony that sitting around conference tables, as had been done in previous committee rooms, both in the U.S. Capitol and the Russell Senate Office Building.
In the 1970s, a third Senate office building, the Hart Senate Office Building was built next to the Dirksen Building on a spot originally intended for a mirror image of the Dirksen Senate Office Building.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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