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Encyclopedia > Harsiese A

King Hedjkheperre Setepenamun Harsiese or Harsiese A, is viewed by the eminent scholar Kenneth Kitchen in his books on the Third Intermediate Period in Egypt, to be both a High Priest of Amun and the son of the High Priest of Amun, Shoshenq C. The archaeological evidence does suggest that he was indeed Shoshenq C's son. However, recent published studies by the German Egyptologist Karl Jansen-Winkeln in JEA 81(1995) have demonstrated that all the monuments of the first (king) Harsiese show that he was never a High Priest of Amun in his own right. Rather both Harsiese A and his son [...du] —whose existence is known from inscriptions on the latter's funerary objects at Coptos —are only attested as Ordinary Priests of Amun. Instead, while Harsiese A was certainly an independent king at Thebes during the first decade of Osorkon II's kingship, he was a different person from a second person who was also called Harsiese: Harsiese B. Harsiese B was the genuine High Priest of Amun who is attested in office late in Osorkon II's reign, in Year 6 of Shoshenq III and in Years 18 and 19 of Pedubast I, according to Jansen-Winkeln. Emeritus Professor Kenneth A. Kitchen (University of Liverpool publicity photograph, 2006). ... Shoshenq C was the eldest son of Osorkon I and served as the High Priest of Amun at Thebes during his fathers reign. ... Qift (قفط) is a small town in the Qina governorate of Egypt about 43 km north of Luxor, on the east bank of the Nile. ... The first Harsiese, King Hedjkheperre Setepenamun Harsiese A, is generally assumed to be a High Priest of Amun(HPA) and the son of the High Priest Shoshenq C before he became a king at Thebes. ... King Usimare Setepenamun Shoshenq III ruled Egypts 22nd Dynasty for 39 Years according to contemporary historical records. ... Pedubastis I or Pedubast I (fl c. ...

While Harsiese A may have become king at Thebes prior to Year 4 of Osorkon II, contra Kitchen, he certainly ruled Thebes during the first decade of Osorkon II's reign as Kitchen notes. Osorkon II's control over this great city is only first documented by 2 separate Year 12 Quay Texts which means that Harsiese had died by this time. If Harsiese was already ruling at Thebes earlier under Takelot I, it might help explain why Takelot I's own Year 5, Year 8, and Year 14 Nile Quay Texts, which mention the serving High Priests Iuwelot and Smendes III--who were all brothers of Takelot I--consistently omit any mention of Takelot's name, as Gerard Broekman aptly notes in a JEA 88(2002) article. Takelot I's name is left deliberately blank here. This might indicate a possible rivalry between Takelot I and Harsiese A at Thebes. The Amun Priests may have chosen not to involve themselves in this dispute by omitting any mention of the reigning king's name. The Nile Quay Texts (or Nile Level Texts) are enscribed on the quay at the temple of Karnak, in Thebes, Egypt. ... The Nile Quay Texts (or Nile Level Texts) are enscribed on the quay at the temple of Karnak, in Thebes, Egypt. ...


According to a 1994 book by the English Egyptologist Aidan Dodson, King Harsiese:

"was buried in a tomb within the temenos at Medinet Habu, in the trough of a granite coffin (JE 60137) made for Ramesses II's sister, Henutmire, (and) closed with a hawk-Headed lid. When cleared, four canopic jars were found....No trace of any lids have survived, suggesting that such items may have been of [perishable] wood,"(p.92).

Dodson notes that Harsiese's coffin is similar in style to the Hawk Headed, silver coffin of Shoshenq II, and to the surviving – "traces of the gilded coffin and cartonnage of Osorkon II," (pp.88-89). Greek Temenos ([1], from the Greek verb to cut) (plural = temene) is a piece of land cut off and assigned as an official domain, especially to kings and chiefs, or a piece of land marked off from common uses and dedicated to a god, a sanctuary, holy grove or holy... Migdol entrance to Medinat Habu Medinet Habu from the air First Pylon of the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III Ceiling decoration in the peristyle hall Medinet Habu (Ancient Egyptian: Tjamet or Djamet Coptic: Djeme or Djemi) is an archaeological locality situated near the foot of the Theban Hills on the... Usermaatre-setepenre The Justice of Re is Powerful, Chosen of Re Nomen Ramesses (meryamun) Born of Re, (Beloved of Amun) Horus name Kanakht Merymaa Nebty name Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Horus Userrenput-aanehktu Consort(s) Isetnofret, Nefertari Maathorneferure Issues Bintanath, Khaemweset, Merneptah, Amun-her-khepsef, Meritamen see also: List of children of... Among the ancient Egyptians, canopic jars were covered funerary vases, intended to keep the viscera of mummified corpses. ... Heqakheperre Shoshenq II was an Egyptian king of the 22nd dynasty of Egypt. ... Osorkons cartouche from his tomb in Tanis Usimare Setepenamun Osorkon II was a pharaoh of the Twenty-second Dynasty of Ancient Egypt and the son of Takelot I and Queen Kapes. ...


  • Gerard Broekman, "The Nile Level Records of the Twenty-Second and Twenty-Third Dynasties in Karnak," JEA 88(2002), pp.163-178
  • Aidan Dodson, The Canopic Equipment of the Kings of Egypt, (Kegan Paul Intl: 1994), pp.88-89 and p.92.
  • K.A. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100–650 BC). 3rd ed. Warminster: Aris and Phillips Limited, (1996)
  • Karl Jansen-Winkeln, Historische Probleme Der 3. Zwischenzeit, in JEA 81(1995), pp.129-149.

  Results from FactBites:
Living in Truth by Charles N.Pope - Chapter 30:"His Youngest Son Succeeded Him"(Ramses and Seti in the ... (6918 words)
The burial of Harsiese was found at Medinet Habu, which was part of ancient Jerusalem proper, whereas Seti was buried in the nearby Valley of the Kings.
Harsiese himself was also killed at that same time by Horemheb and with assistance of Prince Osorkon A magnificent falcon-headed coffin belonging to Harsiese was found at Medinet Habu.
Harsiese is generally considered to have died in middle age.
Osorkon II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (648 words)
Osorkon feared the serious challenge posed by Harsiese's kingship to his authority, but, when Harsiese conveniently died in 860 BC, Osorkon II ensured that this problem would not recur by appointing his own son Nimlot C as High Priest of Amun at Thebes.
Jansen-Winkeln also shows that both Harsiese A, and his son [..du] were only ordinary Priest of Amun, rather than High Priests of Amun, as was previously assumed; the inscription on the Koptos lid for [..du], Harsiese A's son, never once gives him the title of High Priest.
The statue CGC 42225, which mentions the High Priest Harsiese B and is dated under Osorkon II, was dedicated by the Letter Writer to Pharaoh Hor IX, who was one of the most powerful men in his time(see D. Aston JEA 75(1989), p.152).
  More results at FactBites »



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