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Encyclopedia > Harry Schmidt (USMC)

Harry Schmidt (25 September 188610 February 1968) served as Commanding General of the Fourth Marine Division during the Marshall Islands campaign and the Battle of Saipan, and as Commanding General of the Fifth Amphibious Corps during the battles of Tinian and Iwo Jima, during World War II. A contemporary described him as "a Buddha, a typical old-time Marine: he had been in China; he was regulation Old Establishment; a regular Marine." September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The U.S. 4th Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps. ... The battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June 1944 to 9 July 1944. ... The battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July 1944 to 1 August 1944. ... The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the United States and Japan during February and March of 1945, during the Pacific Campaign of World War II. As a result of the battle, the United States gained control of the island of Iwo Jima and the airfields located there. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air, August 9, 1945. ...

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General Harry Schmidt, USMC

During the battle for Iwo Jima, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of the third Distinguished Service Medal for his part in this operation. His citation reads in part, "Against determined enemy resistance and incomparable natural defenses, Major General Schmidt skillfully directed the attack of his troops to capture and occupy this strategic island. He handled the various units under his command with brilliant tactical skill. His sound judgment, distinctive administrative ability and unfailing devotion to duty were vital factors in the success of the entire operation." The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is an award of the United States Navy and United States Marines which was first created in 1919. ...


Early career

Schmidt was born in Holdrege, Nebraska, on 25 September 1886. He attended Nebraska State Normal College before entering the U.S. Marine Corps as a second lieutenant on 17 August 1909. Holdrege is a city located in Phelps County, Nebraska. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Following instruction at the Marine Officers' School at Port Royal, South Carolina, he reported in January 1911, at the Marine Barracks, Guam, Mariana Islands. While attached to this station he accompanied an expeditionary force to Chefoo, China. In October 1912, he was ordered to duty in the Philippines where he remained until detached to the United States in April 1913. Port Royal is a town located in Beaufort County, South Carolina. ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean. ... Yantai (Simplified Chinese: 烟台; Traditional Chinese: 煙台; pinyin: Yāntái), a Prefecture_level city in the Peoples Republic of China, is the largest fishing seaport of the northeastern Shandong Province and a nationally recognized centre of economy. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Following an assignment with the Recruiting Service in Minnesota, a tour of duty at the Marine Barracks, New Orleans, Louisiana, and temporary duty at Veracruz aboard USS Kearsarge (BB-5) in 1915, he was ordered to sea duty aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37) in May, 1916. In January 1917, he went aboard USS Montana (ACR-13) and from 25 February to 22 March 1917, was ashore with the ship's landing force at Guantanamo, Cuba. State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8. ... City nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot Location of New Orleans Country   State     Parish United States   Louisiana     Orleans Parish Mayor C. Ray Nagin Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 350. ... Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... USS Kearsarge (BB-5), the lead ship of her class of battleships, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named, by act of Congress, in honor of the famous American Civil War sloop of war Kearsarge. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... USS Oklahoma (BB-37), a Nevada-class battleship was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the 46th state. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The first USS Montana (ACR-13), also referred to as Armored Cruiser No. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... Map of Cuba with the location of Guantanamo Bay indicated Guantanamo (Spanish spelling: Guantánamo) is a city in southeast Cuba, capital of the Guantánamo Province. ...


Leaving USS Montana in September 1918, he spent most of the next two years at the Marine Barracks, Norfolk, Virginia. He again went to sea in June, 1920, as Commanding Officer of the Marine Detachment aboard USS Tennessee (BB-43). 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Norfolk, Virginia, viewed from Portsmouth, across the Elizabeth River Norfolk is a city in the U.S. state of Virginia in the United States of America. ... USS Tennessee (BB-43), the lead ship of her class of battleship, was the third ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the 16th state. ...


From August, 1922 to May 1926, Schmidt was a member of the Marine Corps Schools, first as a student, then as an instructor. Then followed a year in recruiting at St. Paul, Minnesota, and a six month tour of foreign service with the Sixth Regiment in China. 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States of America. ...


From February, 1928 to June 1929, Schmidt was with the Second Brigade of Marines in Nicaragua as Brigade Intelligence and Operations Officer. 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He returned to the United States to attend the Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and graduated 18 June 1932. In addition to Command and General Staff School, he is a graduate of the Field Officers' Course, Marine Corps Schools, MCB Quantico, Virginia. First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. and Allied military leaders. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ... State nickname: The Sunflower State Other U.S. States Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Governor Kathleen Sebelius Official languages None Area 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² (15th)  - Land 81,815 mi²; 211,900 km²  - Water 462 mi²; 1,196 km² (0. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... The Marine Corps Base Quantico, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, is one of the largest United States Marine Corps bases in the world. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ...


Following graduation, he was assigned to duty with the Paymaster Department and served variously at Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington, D.C.; with the Department of the Pacific, San Francisco; the Fourth Marine Regiment, Shanghai, China; and again with the Department of the Pacific. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the... The downtown San Francisco skyline, looking east from the central part of the city. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ...


In June 1937, he was assigned to the Second Marine Brigade. He sailed for Shanghai, China, in August with the Brigade as Chief of Staff and served in that capacity until detached to the United States in February 1938. 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Schmidt was assigned to Headquarters, Marine Corps as Executive and Personnel Officer of the Paymaster Department in July 1938, in which capacity he was found upon the country's entry into World War II.


World War II

In January 1942, he was appointed Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, where he served until ordered to the Fourth Marine Division as Commanding General, which command he assumed on 18 August 1943. This article is about the year. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


He commanded the Fourth Division in the seizure of Roi-Namur in the Battle of Kwajalein and in the battle for Saipan. On 12 July 1944, he assumed command of the Fifth Amphibious Corps and led that command in the assault and capture of Tinian Island. For exceptional meritorious service in the seizure and occupation of the Marshall Islands and in the assault and capture of Saipan and Tinian, General Schmidt was awarded a Distinguished Service Medal and a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal. Roi-Namur is an island in the northern part of the Kwajalein atoll in the Marshall Islands. ... Battle of Kwajalein Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 31 January 1944 – 3 February 1944 Place Kwajalein Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz Masashi Kobayashi Strength 2 divisions plus 2 battalions About 9,000 Casualties 334 killed, 1,392 wounded 8,410 dead, 130 Japanese captured, 167 Korean... Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: [saɪpæn], [saɪpÉ‘n], or [saɪpæn] for English) is the largest island and capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, with a total area of 120 km² (46. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is an award of the United States Navy and United States Marines which was first created in 1919. ... Gold and Silver Award Stars An Award star is a decoration issued by the United States military to denote multiple military awards issued to personnel of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and United States Marines. ...


Continuing in command of the Fifth Amphibious Corps, the General led it through the Iwo Jima operation. The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the United States and Japan during February and March of 1945, during the Pacific Campaign of World War II. As a result of the battle, the United States gained control of the island of Iwo Jima and the airfields located there. ...


Following the conclusion of hostilities, the General led the Fifth Corps in the occupation of the Japanese homeland. On 15 February 1946, he was ordered back to the United States to assume command of the Marine Training and Replacement Command, San Diego Area, California. February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


He served in that capacity until he concluded his 39-year career as a Marine on 1 July 1948, when he was advanced to the four-star rank of general upon retirement at the age of 61. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ...


General Schmidt died 10 February 1968. February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


In addition to the Distinguished Service Medal with two Gold Stars, his decorations and medals include the

The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Legion of Merit medal The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces which is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... The Presidential Unit Citation is a senior unit award granted to military units which have performed an extremely meritorious or heroic act, usually in the face of an armed enemy. ... Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: [saɪpæn], [saɪpÉ‘n], or [saɪpæn] for English) is the largest island and capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, with a total area of 120 km² (46. ... Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands. ... Navy Unit Commendation The Navy Unit Commendation of the United States Navy is an award that was established by order of the Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal on 18 December 1944. ... Landsat photo of Iwo Jima, circa 2000 Iwo Jima  listen? (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning sulfur island) is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (also known as the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 miles (1046 km) south of Tokyo (24. ... The Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal is a decoration of the United States Marine Corps which was first created on May 8, 1919. ... Bronze and Silver Service Stars A Service star is an attachment to a military decoration which denotes participation in military campaigns or multiple bestowals of the same award. ... Army & Navy Mexican Service Medals The Mexican Service Medal is an award of the United States military which was established by General Orders of the United States War Department on December 12, 1917. ... The World War I Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was first created in 1919. ... Campaign Clasp Examples A Campaign clasp is an attachment to a military award consisting of a metal bar which is pinned to the upper cloth portion of an award medal. ... Front and reverse of Yangtze Service Medal The Yangtze Service Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created in 1930 for presentation to members of the U.S. Navy and United States Marine. ... First and Second Nicaraguan Campaign Medals The Nicaraguan Campaign Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy which was authorized by Presidential Order of Woodrow Wilson on September 22, 1913. ... The China Service Medal was a military medal awarded to U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard personnel. ... The American Defense Service Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created in 1941 by Executive Order of President Franklin Roosevelt. ... American Campaign Medal The American Campaign Medal was a decoration of the United States military which was first created in 1942 by order of President Franklin Roosevelt. ... The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal is a service decoration of the Second World War which was awarded to any member of the United States military who served in the Pacific Theater from 1941 to 1945. ... WWII Victory Medal The World War II Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created by an act of Congress in July 1945. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harry Schmidt (USMC) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (921 words)
Harry Schmidt (25 September 1886 10 February 1968) served as Commanding General of the Fourth Marine Division during the Marshall Islands campaign and the Battle of Saipan, and as Commanding General of the Fifth Amphibious Corps during the battles of Tinian and Iwo Jima, during World War II.
Schmidt was born in Holdrege, Nebraska, on 25 September 1886.
Schmidt was assigned to Headquarters, Marine Corps as Executive and Personnel Officer of the Paymaster Department in July 1938, in which capacity he was found upon the country's entry into World War II.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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