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Encyclopedia > Harry Potter (series)
Cover of the first book in J. K. Rowling's series: Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (British/Canadian/Australian/Irish version)

The Harry Potter books are a series of fantasy novels by British writer J. K. Rowling. The books depict a world of witches and wizards; the protagonist is the eponymous young wizard Harry Potter. Since the release of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (retitled Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the United States) in 1997, the books have gained immense popularity and commercial success worldwide, spawning films, video games, and a wealth of other items. Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone book cover, published by Bloomsbury. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone book cover, published by Bloomsbury. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone is the first volume in a planned series of seven books written by English author J. K. Rowling, and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. ... Fantasy literature is fantasy in written form. ... Joanne “Jo” Rowling, OBE (born July 31, 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, which has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery or other item. ... Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone is the first volume in a planned series of seven books written by English author J. K. Rowling, and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. ... See also: 1996 in literature, other events of 1997, 1998 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Film may refer to: photographic film a motion picture in academics, the study of motion pictures as an art form a thin skin or membrane, or any covering or coating, whether transparent or opaque a thin layer of liquid, either on a solid or liquid surface or free-standing Film... This article is about computer and video games. ...


The six books to date have collectively sold more than 300 million copies[1][2] and have been translated into 47 languages.[3] The first volume has been translated into Latin and even ancient Greek,[4] making it the longest work in that language since the novels of Heliodorus of Emesa in the third century AD.[5] Due to the tremendous success of the novels, Rowling has become the richest writer in literary history.[6] English language versions of the books are published by Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom and internationally, and Scholastic Press in the United States, and Raincoast Books in Canada. Heliodorus of Emesa, from Emesa, Syria, was a Greek writer generally dated in the 3rd century of the Common Era, and is known for the ancient Greek romance or novel called the Aethiopica (the Ethiopian Story) or sometimes Theagenes and Chariclea. According to his own statement, his fathers name... (2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century - other centuries) Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ... Bloomsbury Publishing plc is an independent, London-based publishing house best known as the publisher of the Harry Potter series of novels, written by J. K. Rowling. ... Scholastic Corporation (NASDAQ: SCHL) is an American book publishing company known for publishing educational materials for schools, teachers, and parents, and selling and distributing them by mail order and via book clubs and book fairs. ... Raincoast Books is a Canadian book publishing company. ...


A large portion of the narrative takes place in Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and focuses on Harry Potter's struggles against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort. At the same time, the books explore the themes of friendship, ambition, choice, prejudice, courage, growing up, love, moral responsibility, and the complexities of death, and are set against the expansive backdrop of a hidden magical world with its own complex history, diverse inhabitants, unique culture, and parallel societies. Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional school of magic that is the main setting of the Harry Potter series. ... Lord Voldemort (1926-) is the fictional arch-villain of the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Six of the seven planned books have been published, and the seventh will be titled Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows [7], although a publishing date is not yet known. The previous (sixth) book, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was issued in an English language version on 16 July 2005. << Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince | (last in series) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows will be the seventh book in the Harry Potter series of novels by J. K. Rowling. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first four books have been made into successful motion pictures by Warner Bros. The fifth, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix began filming in February 2006, and is scheduled for release on 13 July 2007. Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... The WB Shield, used from 2001 to late 2003. ... Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a film based on J. K. Rowlings fifth book of the same name in the Harry Potter series, directed by David Yates. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year from UTC-7 east to the international date line. ...

Contents

Origins and publishing history

In 1990, J. K. Rowling was on a crowded train from Manchester to London when the idea for Harry simply "walked" into her head. Rowling gives an account of the experience on her website saying, "I had been writing almost continuously since the age of six but I had never been so excited about an idea before. [...] I simply sat and thought, for four (delayed train) hours, and all the details bubbled up in my brain, and this scrawny, black-haired, bespectacled boy who didn't know he was a wizard became more and more real to me".[8] That evening, the author began the pre-writing for her first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, a semi-detailed plan that would include the plots of each of her seven envisioned books, in addition to an enormous amount of biographical and historical information on her characters and universe.[9] Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough within Greater Manchester in North West England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Over the course of the next six years that included the birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband, and a move to Portugal, Rowling continued her writing of Philosopher's Stone.[10] Eventually settling in Edinburgh, Rowling wrote much of the Philosopher's Stone in local cafés. Unable to secure a place in a nursery, her daughter would be a constant companion to her as she worked. Edinburgh (pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus // A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or cafe (also spelled as café from the French, Spanish, and Portuguese or caffè from the Italian) shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... A nursery is care facility for children below schoolgoing age, but usually from infancy up to the ages of three to four. ...


In 1996, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was completed and the manuscript was sent off to prospective agents. The second agent she tried, Christopher Little, offered to represent her and sent the manuscript to Bloomsbury. After eight other publishers had rejected Philosopher's Stone, Bloomsbury offered Rowling a £3,000 advance for the publication of Stone.[11] A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone is the first volume in a planned series of seven books written by English author J. K. Rowling, and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. ...


Despite Rowling's statement that she did not have any particular age group in mind when she began to write the Harry Potter books, the publishers initially targeted them at children age nine to eleven. On the eve of publishing, Joanne Rowling was asked by her publishers to adopt a more gender-neutral pen name, in order to appeal to the male members of this age group, fearing that they would not be interested in reading a novel they knew to be written by a woman. She elected to use J. K. Rowling (Joanne Kathleen Rowling), omitting her first name and using her grandmother's as her second.[12] A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ...


The first Harry Potter book was published in the United Kingdom by Bloomsbury in July 1997 and in the United States by Scholastic in September of 1998, but not before Rowling had received a six-figure sum for the American rights – an unprecedented amount for a children's book. Fearing that some of its intended readers would either not understand the word "philosopher" or not associate it with a magical theme (as a Philosopher's Stone is alchemy-related), Scholastic insisted that the book be renamed Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone for the American market.[13] Scholastic Corporation (NASDAQ: SCHL) is an American book publishing company known for publishing educational materials for schools, teachers, and parents, and selling and distributing them by mail order and via book clubs and book fairs. ... The philosophers stone, in Latin philosophi lapis, is a legendary substance that supposedly could turn inexpensive metals such as lead into gold (chrysopoeia) and/or create an elixir that would make humans younger, thus delaying death. ...


Over nearly a decade Harry Potter has achieved much success due in part to positive reviews, Rowling's publisher's marketing strategy, but also due to word-of-mouth buzz among average readers, especially young males. The latter is notable because for years, interest in literature among this demographic had lagged behind other pursuits like video games and the Internet. Rowling's publishers were able to capitalise on this fervour by the rapid, successive releases of the first three books that allowed neither Rowling's audience's excitement nor interest to wane, along with quickly solidifying a loyal readership. [14] The series has also garnered adult fans, leading to two editions of each Harry Potter book being released, identical in text but with one edition's cover artwork aimed at children and the other aimed at adults.[15] Moreover, the series is popular around the world in its many translations. Such was the global clamour to read the book that the English language edition of the series' fifth book, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, became the first English-language book ever to top the bookseller list in France.[15] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Story

Plot summary

The story opens with the unrestrained celebration of a normally-secretive wizarding world which for years had been terrorised by Lord Voldemort in his decade-long bid for power. The previous night, Voldemort, who had for months sought the hidden Potter family, discovered their refuge and killed Lily and James Potter. However, when he turned his wand against their infant son, Harry, his killing curse rebounded upon him. His soul was ripped from his body, and he fled into hiding, leaving Harry with a distinctive lightning bolt scar on his forehead, the only physical sign of Voldemort's curse. Harry's mysterious defeat of Voldemort results in him being dubbed "The Boy Who Lived" by the wizarding world. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lord Voldemort (1926-) is the fictional arch-villain of the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ... James Potter and Lily Potter (née Evans) are fictional characters of the Harry Potter series. ...


The orphaned Harry Potter is subsequently raised by his cruel, non-magical relatives, the Dursleys, in ignorance of his magical heritage. However, as his eleventh birthday approaches, Harry has his first contact with the magical world when he receives letters from Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, which are stolen from him by his Aunt and Uncle before he has a chance to read them. On his eleventh birthday he is informed that he is in fact a wizard and has been invited to attend Hogwarts. He is told this by Hagrid, the gamekeeper of Hogwarts. Each book chronicles one year in Harry's life at Hogwarts, where he learns to use magic and brew potions. Harry also learns to overcome many magical, social, and emotional obstacles as he struggles through his adolescence and Voldemort's second rise to power. The Dursleys or the Dursley family are fictional characters in the Harry Potter stories created by J. K. Rowling. ... In the Harry Potter books, magic is depicted as a natural force, one that can be used to override the usual laws of nature while still being approached entirely scientifically. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


For a detailed synopsis of the novels, see the relevant article for each book.


Universe

Hogwarts school, as it is shown in the films.
Hogwarts school, as it is shown in the films.

The wizarding world in which Harry finds himself is both utterly separate from and yet intimately connected to our own world. Unlike the fantasy worlds of Narnia and Lord of the Rings Middle-earth, the world of Harry Potter exists alongside ours, and many of its institutions and locations are in towns, such as London, that are recognisable to anyone. It is a fragmented collection of hidden streets, overlooked and ancient pubs, lonely country manors and secluded castles that remain utterly invisible to the non-magical population (known as "Muggles"). Wizard ability is inborn, rather than learned, although one must attend schools such as Hogwarts in order to master and control it. Since one is either born a wizard or not, most wizards are unfamiliar with the Muggle world, which appears odder to them than their world would to us. Despite this, the magical world and its many fantastic elements are depicted very matter-of-factly. One of the principal themes in the novels is the juxtaposition of the magical and the mundane; the characters in the stories live utterly normal lives with utterly normal problems, despite their magical surroundings. Image File history File links Hogwarts. ... Image File history File links Hogwarts. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Narnia is a fantasy world created by C. S. Lewis as a location for his Chronicles of Narnia, a series of seven fantasy novels for children. ... Dust jacket of the 1968 UK edition The Lord of the Rings is an epic fantasy story by J. R. R. Tolkien, a sequel to his earlier work, The Hobbit. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... Muggle is a term from the fictional Harry Potter series of books that refers to a human who is a member of the non-magical community. ...

Motifs

Owls: Owls are perhaps the most visible motif of the Wizarding world. They appear at the start of the first novel, presaging what is to come, and play a very visible role in every novel following. They act as the principal form of communication among wizards (somewhat like carrier pigeons) and also as pets. Harry Potter has a pet owl named Hedwig. Families Strigidae Tytonidae Ogygoptyngidae (fossil) Palaeoglaucidae (fossil) Protostrigidae (fossil) Sophiornithidae (fossil) Synonyms Strigidae sensu Sibley & Ahlquist Owls are solitary, mainly nocturnal birds of prey. ... A carrier pigeon is a breed of pigeon (specifically a domesticated Rock Dove, Columba livia) that has wattles, a nearly vertical stature, and that may once have been used to carry messages. ... Hedwig in her Cage (Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets) Hedwig is the name of Harry Potters owl in the fictional Harry Potter series of books and films. ...


The Hogwarts Express: An old-fashioned train drawn by a scarlet steam locomotive that is the principal means by which a wizard in training can reach Hogwarts. It departs from Platform 9¾ at King's Cross Station, London. Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional school of magic that is the main setting of the Harry Potter series. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... This GNER train serving Kings Cross is named White Rose after the traditional symbol of Yorkshire. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Houses: Like many boarding schools, Hogwarts is divided into four separate houses, and students are sorted into their respective houses at the start of their first year. They are Gryffindor (which favours courage), Ravenclaw, (which favours intellect), Hufflepuff, (which favours hard work and fair play) and Slytherin (which favours ambition). Upon arrival, Harry, along with his friends (Ron and later Hermione), are sorted into Gryffindor. In the Harry Potter series, Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder: Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. ... The House System is a traditional feature of British schools, similar to the collegiate system of a university. ... In the fictional Harry Potter universe, many magical objects exist for the use of the characters. ... In the Harry Potter series, the Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder - Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. ... In the Harry Potter series, the Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder - Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. ... In the Harry Potter series, the Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder - Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. ... In the Harry Potter series, the Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder - Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. ...


Quidditch: a spectator sport in the Wizard world, played up in the air on brooms. Similar in style to basketball and football. Harry is an unlikely Quidditch star at his school. Quidditch is a fictional airborne ballgame played on broomsticks, a sort of magical variant of football or polo. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ...


Blood purity: Wizards tend to view Muggles with a combination of condescension and suspicion, but for a few wizards this attitude, over the centuries, has descended into bigotry. Characters in the novels are classed either as "Muggle-born", (a wizard born to Muggles) "half-blood" (a wizard born to one wizard parent and one Muggle or Muggle-born parent) "pure-blood" (a wizard born to parents of purely wizarding lineage), or "Squib" (a Muggle born of two wizards). The maintenance of blood purity is the primary motivation for many of the series's darker characters. Blood purity is a central notion in the fictional Harry Potter cycle. ... Muggle is a term from the fictional Harry Potter series of books that refers to a human who is a member of the non-magical community. ... A bigot is a prejudiced person who is intolerant of opinions, lifestyles or identities differing from their own. ...


Characters

See also: List of characters in the Harry Potter books
  • Harry Potter: The only child of James and Lily Potter, with whom he shares many distinct characteristics, most notably James' untidy black hair and Lily's green eyes. He was born on 31 July, 1980. He achieved fame at the age of one when Lord Voldemort, the most feared dark wizard in the world, attacked his home and murdered his parents but failed to kill him. Voldemort was left nearly dead and Harry was left with an instantly recognisable lightning bolt-shaped scar on his forehead. Harry was raised by his Muggle aunt and uncle and knew nothing of his history until Hagrid came to fetch Harry to attend Hogwarts.
  • Ronald Weasley: Harry's best friend and the sixth of seven children of the Weasley family. Ron befriended Harry almost immediately upon meeting him during their first journey on the Hogwarts Express. However, a rift developed between them in their fourth year, due in part to Ron's frustration at being forced to live in Harry's shadow – no doubt magnified by his position as the youngest son in his large and talented family. Despite this, he and Harry have remained close through the years, with Ron being a constant companion through Harry's trials and adventures. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince shows a budding relationship between Ron and Hermione Granger.
  • Hermione Granger: The best friend of Harry and Ron who is generally held to be the top student in Harry's year at Hogwarts. She is extremely bookish and reads voraciously, far more than her studies call for. In times of challenge, Hermione is often likely to make a bee-line for the library. Her high intelligence coupled with her reasoned and logical way of tackling challenges have often been a great asset to Harry and Ron throughout their Hogwarts careers and other adventures, though her sometimes bossy and interfering manner has at times been a source of contention between them. Hermione is muggle-born, being the daughter of two dentists, neither of whom has a magical history. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince shows a budding relationship between Hermione and Ron.
  • Albus Dumbledore: Harry's most trusted advisor and Headmaster of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. He is perhaps one of the most respected men in the wizarding world, holding high ranking positions in both national and international magical government, along with being an accomplished alchemist and master of an assortment of magical disciplines. Dumbledore was repeatedly offered the position of Minister of Magic but turned it down every time. He is also said to be the only known person whom Lord Voldemort ever feared, and also one of the few who does not fear Voldemort and openly speaks his name, often calling him by his given name of Tom (Riddle). Near the end of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Dumbledore was murdered by Severus Snape.
  • Lord Voldemort: Born on December 31, 1926, he is the evil wizard and chief antagonist of the series bent on securing unmatched power and immortality through the practice of the Dark Arts. His given name is Tom Marvolo Riddle. Rearranged, the letters spell "I am Lord Voldemort." He is a half-blood, the son of a Muggle father and witch mother. He attended Hogwarts more than 50 years before Harry's time. After years of slaughter in pursuit of his goals, Voldemort was ripped from his body and forced into hiding after his failed attempt on the life of the young Harry Potter. So feared was he at the height of his prodigious powers that even following his downfall most wizards feared to speak his name, referring to him instead as "You-Know-Who", "He Who Must Not Be Named", or "The Dark Lord", the latter of which is used primarily by his followers, the Death Eaters. Voldemort does not appear in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince; however, his role in the latter was extremely minor, since he appeared only in a few memories.
  • Severus Snape: A gifted wizard, Hogwarts staff member, and since his youth, a bitter enemy of James Potter and Sirius Black. As Hogwarts Potions master, he sought to exact his revenge on the deceased James Potter by verbally abusing his son Harry from the moment Harry arrived at the school. A former Death Eater, he was later taken on as a teacher by Professor Dumbledore. Snape's loyalty is constantly under question though Dumbledore maintains that he unequivocally trusts him for reasons partially revealed in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
  • Sirius Black: Best friend of James Potter and former rebellious youth who fled his pure-blood supremacist parents' home at an early age. Following the murders of James and Lily, he was arrested for supposed involvement. He later escaped Azkaban prison and was only officially declared innocent posthumously in the sixth book, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, though his innocence was already established to Harry, Ron, Hermione and certain members of the group, the Order of the Phoenix. Sirius is also Harry's godfather.
  • Ginny Weasley: The only daughter of the Weasley family. She is a talented witch, especially noted for her skill with the Bat-Bogey Hex. Ginny is the first female born into the Weasley line in several generations, and that, as the seventh child, "she is a gifted witch." Potions professor Horace Slughorn sees great potential in the youngest Weasley and respects her formidable magical abilities. She had a long-standing crush on Harry and a romance between them starts in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
  • Rubeus Hagrid: Son of a wizard and a giantess, he is both surprisingly gentle and nurturing. One of Harry's biggest supporters and most steadfast friends, he is also the Keeper of Keys and Grounds at Hogwarts, as well as gamekeeper and professor of Care of Magical Creatures. Hagrid was sent to fetch Harry after the Dursleys refused to give him his welcoming letter to Hogwarts and told him he was a wizard. Hagrid also went to school at Hogwarts, but was expelled in his third year for an offence he did not commit and is thus unable to legally perform magic.
  • Draco Malfoy: A pure-blood supremacist and member of Slytherin house, known for his sharp tongue that often targets Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger. As Harry and Ron became fast friends, Harry and Malfoy quickly became enemies, with the two facing off in various confrontations, including Quidditch, on numerous occasions throughout the series. He is almost always accompanied by Vincent Crabbe and Gregory Goyle. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Malfoy joins the Death Eaters and is assigned to kill Albus Dumbledore, a task he does not follow through with.
  • The Dursleys: The Dursleys are Harry's Muggle (non-magical) family, and the only remaining relatives he has. His uncle Vernon is the manager of Grunning's, a drill company, while his aunt Petunia is a housewife. His cousin Dudley is utterly spoiled by his parents, and in the fifth book, Dudley is transformed into a more menacing presence when he takes up boxing and proves good at it. Throughout Harry's entire life they had mistreated him, but despite this, Harry must return to their home every summer, for a reason unknown to him until Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.

It has been suggested that Students in Harry Potters Year be merged into this article or section. ... Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... James Potter and Lily Potter (née Evans) are fictional characters of the Harry Potter series. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... Fans have created a timeline of the Harry Potter series from three shreds of information provided by author J. K. Rowling. ... Lord Voldemort (1926-) is the fictional arch-villain of the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ... Typical cartoon representations of thunderbolts A thunderbolt is a traditional expression for a discharge of lightning or a symbolic representation thereof. ... Rubeus Hagrid (born December 6, year ca. ... Ronald Ron Bilius Weasley (born March 1, 1980) is a fictional character in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of childrens books. ... The Weasleys are a fictional family of wizards who figure prominently in the plot of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of novels. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Hermione Jane Granger (b. ... Intelligence is a property of mind that encompasses many related mental abilities, such as the capacities to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn. ... Reason is a term used in philosophy and other human sciences to refer to the faculty of the human mind that creates and operates with abstract concepts. ... Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος (logos), originally meaning the word, or what is spoken, (but coming to mean thought or reason) is the study of criteria for the evaluation of arguments, although the exact definition of logic is a matter of controversy among philosophers. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Albus Percival Wulfric Brian Dumbledore (born ca. ... In the history of science, alchemy refers to both an early form of the investigation of nature and an early philosophical and spiritual discipline, both combining elements of chemistry, metallurgy, physics, medicine, astrology, semiotics, mysticism, spiritualism, and art. ... In the Harry Potter series of novels by J. K. Rowling, the Minister for Magic (original United Kingdom editions and the film series) or Minister of Magic (US editions) is the head of a Ministry of Magic. ... Severus Snape (born January 9, c. ... Lord Voldemort (1926-) is the fictional arch-villain of the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ... An antagonist is a character or group of characters, or, sometimes an institution of a story who represents the opposition against which the heroes and/or protagonists must contend. ... Immortality (or eternal life) is the concept of existing for a potentially infinite, or indeterminate, length of time. ... The Dark Arts, in the Harry Potter series, are those magical spells and practices most used for malicious purposes. ... In the fictional Harry Potter series, a Death Eater is a follower of Lord Voldemort. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is the third book in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Severus Snape (born January 9, c. ... James Potter and Lily Potter (née Evans) are fictional characters of the Harry Potter series. ... Sirius Black is a fictional character in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of novels. ... The Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional magic school that is the main setting of the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling. ... In the fictional Harry Potter series, a Death Eater is a follower of Lord Voldemort. ... Sirius Black is a fictional character in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of novels. ... Blood purity is a central notion in the fictional Harry Potter cycle. ... Azkaban is the fictional wizard prison in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... The Order of the Phoenix is a fictional organisation in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... Ginevra Molly Ginny Weasley (born 11 August 1981) [1] is a fictional character in the Harry Potter book series by J. K. Rowling. ... The Weasleys are a fictional family of wizards who figure prominently in the plot of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of novels. ... In the magical world of the Harry Potter series of fictional novels by J. K. Rowling, many (often incredible) things are accomplished through the use of magical spells by the characters. ... Horace E. F. Slughorn is a character in the Harry Potter series of novels written by J.K. Rowling. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Rubeus Hagrid (born December 6, c. ... The mythology and legends of many different cultures include mythological creatures of human appearance but prodigious size and strength. ... A gamekeeper is a person who looks after an area of countryside to make sure there are enough (game)birds for shooting. ... The Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional magic school that is the main setting of the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling. ... Draco Malfoy (born 5 June 1980[1]) is an antagonist and villain in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter books and Harry Potters principal rival at Hogwarts. ... The Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional magic school that is the main setting of the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling. ... Quidditch is a fictional airborne ballgame played on broomsticks, a sort of magical variant of football or polo. ... Vincent Crabbe, (b. ... Gregory Goyle (born in 1980), typically referred to simply as Goyle, is a fictional character in the Harry Potter books. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... The Dursleys or the Dursley family are fictional characters in the Harry Potter stories created by J. K. Rowling. ... Muggle is a term from the fictional Harry Potter series of books that refers to a human who is a member of the non-magical community. ... A drill in use. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists...

Structure

The novels are very much in the fantasy genre; however, in many respects they are also a Bildungsroman, a novel of education, set in Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, a British boarding school for wizards, where the curriculum includes the use of magic. In this sense they are "in a direct line of descent from Thomas Hughes's Tom Brown's School Days and other Victorian and Edwardian novels of British public school life".[16] They are also, in the words of Stephen King, a "shrewd mystery tale".[17], and each book is constructed in the manner of a Sherlock Holmes-style mystery adventure; the books leave a number of clues hidden in the narrative, while the characters pursue a number of suspects through various exotic locations, leading to a twist ending that often reverses what the characters had been led to believe. The stories are told from a third person limited omniscient point of view; with very few exceptions (such as the opening chapter of Goblet of Fire and the first two chapters of Half-Blood Prince), the reader learns the secrets of the story when Harry does. The thoughts and plans of other characters, even central ones like Hermione and Ron, are kept hidden until revealed to Harry. Fantasy literature is fantasy in written form. ... A bildungsroman (IPA: /, German: novel of education or novel of formation) is a novel which traces the spiritual, moral, psychological, or social development and growth of the main character from (usually) childhood to maturity. ... Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional school of magic that is the main setting of the Harry Potter series. ... In the Harry Potter books, magic is depicted as a natural force, one that can be used to override the usual laws of nature while still being approached entirely scientifically. ... A statue of Thomas Hughes at Rugby School For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see Thomas Hughes, VC Thomas Hughes (October 20, 1822 &#8211; March 22, 1896) was an English lawyer and author. ... Tom Browns Schooldays, first published in 1857, is a novel by Thomas Hughes, set at a public school, Rugby School for Boys, in the 1830s when Hughes himself had been a student there. ... Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author best known for his enormously popular horror novels. ... Sherlock Holmes as imagined by the seminal Holmesian artist, Sidney Paget, in The Strand magazine. ... Mystery fiction is a distinct subgenre of detective fiction that entails the occurrence of an unknown event which requires the protagonist to make known (or solve). ... In literature, in the third person limited omniscient mode, the reader and writer observe the situation from the outside, standing apart from all characters in the story. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is the fourth book in the Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is the yet-to-be released sixth installment in the Harry Potter book series written by J. K. Rowling. ...

The books tend to follow a very strict formula. Set over the course of consecutive years, they each can be split into 6 general sections:


Highlight text below to reveal spoilers.

  • Summer at the Dursley's house: Harry spends most of the summer holiday from school with the Dursleys, in the Muggle world, enduring their ill treatment. This section ends with Harry going to a different location.
  • End of summer - just before school begins in the autumn: Harry goes to Diagon Alley, the Weasleys' residence or Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place. It ends with the boarding of the school train at Platform 9¾.
  • New school session: New or redefined characters take shape, and Harry overcomes new everyday school issues, such as difficult essays, awkward crushes, and unsympathetic teachers; this usually ends around Halloween.
  • Conflicts arise: Harry and his friends and classmates start to sense that something is going wrong, and begin to respond
  • Climax: Harry and his friends make an important discovery, and Harry makes a mad dash to a particular location for a major conflict, involving a battle against the villains. This tends to occur near or just after final exams.
  • Aftermath: Harry begins recovering from the battle, and learns important lessons through exposition and discussions with Albus Dumbledore. It ends with Harry boarding the Hogwarts Express, and heading back home with the Dursleys.

Arms of the former Dursley Rural District Council Dursley is a market town in Gloucestershire, England. ... Muggle is a term from the fictional Harry Potter series of books that refers to a human who is a member of the non-magical community. ... In J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter novels and their filmed adaptations, Diagon Alley is a road in London, comparable to a magical high street. ... The Burrow is the fictional house which belongs to the Weasley family in the Harry Potter series of books and movies. ... Number twelve, Grimmauld Place, London is the address of a fictitious house in the Harry Potter books. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Halloween or Halloween is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other treats. ... Albus Percival Wulfric Brian Dumbledore (born ca. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ...

Themes and motifs

One of the most enduring themes throughout the series is that of love, portrayed as a powerful form of magic in and of itself. It is Dumbledore's belief that it was this power that allowed Harry to resist Voldemort's temptations of power during their second encounter, prevented Voldemort from being able to possess him during their fifth encounter, and will eventually lead to Voldemort's downfall.[18] [19] This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


In contrast, another major theme of the series is that of death. "My books are largely about death. They open with the death of Harry's parents. There is Voldemort's obsession with conquering death and his quest for immortality at any price, the goal of anyone with magic. I so understand why Voldemort wants to conquer death. We're all frightened of it," said Rowling. [20] In fact, Voldemort's name contains several possible meanings - 'mort' means 'death' in French and Latin, and the term 'vol' could be related to the French word for 'flight' or the Catalan word for 'steal'; 'volde' also looks or sounds a bit like certain Germanic words such as 'Volk' ("people"), and "Wald" ("forest"). Most tempting is the notion that "vol" is somehow related to the word "Will", which in Germanic languages is pronounced with a V; thus the word Voldemort could also contain the meaning "will to death" or "death wish". Note also that the Dark Lord deliberately renamed himself, replacing his birth name Tom Riddle; so choosing a name with so many possible meanings, all sinister, must have been just as satisfying for Rowling as it seems to have been for Voldemort himself.


The series pits good against evil, and love against death. Voldemort's pursuit to avoid death, seen by his drinking unicorn blood for a half-life and splitting his soul through the use of horcruxes, contrasts with Lily's sacrificial love for Harry and the extraordinary magic her act leaves to him through his scar that Voldemort can never understand or appreciate, as well as Dumbledore's constant love of Harry. A Horcrux is a class of magical objects introduced in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. ... Geraldine Somerville as Lily Potter, Adrian Rawlins as James Potter, and one of the Saunders triplets as one-year-old Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone In the Harry Potter series, James and Lily Potter are the late parents of Harry Potter. ...


Prejudice and discrimination also feature prominently throughout the series. As Harry's education in the magical world continues he learns that there are wizards and witches who hate Muggles and view them as inferior because of their lack of magical ability. Furthermore, the magical world uses a system of designations, Muggle-born, half-blood, and pure-blood, to indicate a wizard's heritage. The more prejudiced within the magical community take these designations a step further, viewing them as a system of ranking to illustrate a wizard's worth, pure-bloods being the preferred wizards, and Muggle-borns (alternatively known by the slur "Mudblood") as the most despised. In addition to prejudices held for fellow humans, there is also discrimination against non-humans and even part-humans (commonly known by the offensive epithet, "half-breeds"). This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ... The word discrimination comes from the Latin discriminare, which means to distinguish between. However, discrimination is more than distinction, it is action based on prejudice resulting in unfair treatment of people. ... This article describes magic in the fictional Harry Potter universe. ... An epithet (Greek - επιθετον and Latin - epitheton; literally meaning imposed) is a descriptive word or phrase. ...


Another significant recurring theme is that of choice. In Chamber of Secrets, Dumbledore makes perhaps his most famous statement on this issue: "It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities."[21] He confronts the issue again in Goblet of Fire, when he tells Cornelius Fudge that what one grows up to be is far more important than what one is born. [22]


As it has been for many characters throughout the series, what Dumbledore termed the "choice between what is right and what is easy" has been a staple of Harry Potter's career at Hogwarts and his choices are among his character's most distinguishing traits from Voldemort's. Both he and Voldemort were orphans raised in difficult environments, in addition to sharing characteristics including, as Dumbledore points out, Voldemort's "own very rare gift, Parseltongue — resourcefulness, determination" and "a certain disregard for rules".[21] However, Harry, unlike Voldemort, has consciously elected to embrace friendship, kindness, and love, where Voldemort knowingly chose to reject them. This article describes magic in the fictional Harry Potter universe. ...


While ideas such as love, prejudice, and choice are, as J.K. Rowling states, "deeply entrenched in the whole plot", the writer prefers to let themes "grow organically", rather than sitting down and consciously attempting to impart such ideas to her readers.[23] Friendship and loyalty are perhaps the most "organic" of these, with their main conduit being the relationship between Harry, Ron, and Hermione, which allows these motifs to naturally develop as the three age, their relationship matures, and their accumulated experiences at Hogwarts test their trueness to each other. These ordeals become progressively difficult, keeping in line with the series' increasingly darker tone, and the general nature of adolescence. Along the same lines is the ever-present theme of adolescence, in whose depiction the author has been purposeful in her refusal to ignore her characters' sexualities and leave Harry, as she put it, "stuck in a state of permanent pre-pubescence".[24]


Also recurring throughout Harry Potter are literary motifs, namely Rowling's frequent use of irony, satire, wordplay, and folklore. Discussing Rowling's use of names could occupy its own book. From the first page onward her writing has displayed an ingenuity in finding the absolutely right name for people, places, things, spells, etc., a strong grasp of irony. From the multilayered sobriquet "Voldemort" through the onomatopoetic "Grawp" (Hagrid's bestial giant half-brother) through the very knowing pun hidden in the killing spell Avada Kedavra, Rowling creates names that usually contain several meanings. All the books are stuffed with these names and they provide some of the series' greatest pleasures for adult readers. In the magical world of the Harry Potter series of fictional novels, many spells are used by the characters. ...


Criticism and praise

Early in its history, Harry Potter received overwhelmingly positive reviews, which helped the series to quickly grow a large readership. Following the 2003 release of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix however, the books received strong criticisms from a number of distinguished authors and academics. A. S. Byatt authored a New York Times editorial calling Rowling's universe a “secondary world, made up of intelligently patchworked derivative motifs from all sorts of children's literature [...] written for people whose imaginative lives are confined to TV cartoons, and the exaggerated (more exciting, not threatening) mirror-worlds of soaps, reality TV and celebrity gossip". Byatt went on to analyse the series' widespread appeal and concluded that this "derivative manipulation of past motifs" is for adult readers driven by a desire to regress to their "own childish desires and hopes" and for younger readers, "the powerful working of the fantasy of escape and empowerment, combined with the fact that the stories are comfortable, funny, just frightening enough". The end result being the levelling "of cultural studies, which are as interested in hype and popularity as they are in literary merit".[25] Likewise, author Fay Weldon took issue with the series saying that it was "not what the poets hoped for, but this is not poetry, it is readable, saleable, everyday, useful prose". [26] Literary critic Harold Bloom also attacked the literary worth of Potter, saying “Rowling's mind is so governed by clichés and dead metaphors that she has no other style of writing." Moreover, Bloom disagreed with the common notion that Harry Potter has been good for literature by encouraging children to read, contending that "Harry Potter will not lead our children on to Kipling's Just So Stories or his Jungle Book. It will not lead them to Thurber's Thirteen Clocks or Kenneth Grahame's Wind in the Willows or Lewis Carroll's Alice."[27] Dame Antonia Susan Byatt , DBE, (born August 24, 1936, Sheffield, England) has been hailed by some as one of the great postmodern novelists in Britain. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... A fictional universe is a cohesive imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction. ... Fay Weldon (born September 22, 1931) is a British novelist, short story writer, playwright and essayist whose work has been associated with the cause of feminism. ... Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930, New York) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Rudyard Kipling, British author Joseph Rudyard Kipling (December 30, 1865 &#8211; January 18, 1936) was a British author and poet, born in India. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Just_So_Stories The Just So Stories for Little Children were written by British author Rudyard Kipling. ... The Jungle Book (1967 movie) French edition, 1957. ... James Grover Thurber (December 8, 1894–November 2, 1961) was a U.S. humorist and cartoonist. ... The Thirteen Clocks was written by James Thurber in 1950. ... Kenneth Grahame Kenneth Grahame (March 8, 1859 – July 6, 1932) was a Scottish novelist. ... The Wind in the Willows is a classic of childrens literature by Kenneth Grahame. ... Lewis Carroll. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Charles Taylor of Salon.com took issue with Byatt's critcisms in particular. While he conceded that she may have "a valid cultural point — a teeny one — about the impulses that drive us to reassuring pop trash and away from the troubling complexities of art", he rejected her claims that the series is lacking in serious literary merit and that it owes its success merely to the childhood reassurances it offers; Taylor stressed the progressively darker tone of the books, shown by the murder of a classmate and close friend and the resulting psychological wounds and social isolation each causes. Taylor also pointed out that Philosopher's Stone, said to be the most lighthearted of the six published books, disrupts the childhood reassurances that Byatt claims spurs the series' success: the book opens with news of a double murder, for example. Taylor specifically cites "the devastating scene where Harry encounters a mirror that reveals the heart's truest desire and, looking into it, sees himself happy and smiling with the parents he never knew, a vision that lasts only as long as he looks into the glass, and a metaphor for how fleeting our moments of real happiness are", then asks rhetorically if "this is Byatt's idea of reassurance?" Taylor concludes that Rowling's success among children and adults is "because J.K. Rowling is a master of narrative". [28] ...


Stephen King agreed with Taylor calling the series "a feat of which only a superior imagination is capable", along with declaring "Rowling's punning, one-eyebrow-cocked sense of humour" to be "remarkable". However, he does write that despite the story being "a good one", he is "a little tired of discovering Harry at home with his horrible aunt and uncle", the formulaic beginning of each of the six books published to date.[17] King has also joked that "[Rowling]'s never met an adverb she didn't like!" He does however predict that Harry Potter "will indeed stand time's test and wind up on a shelf where only the best are kept; I think Harry will take his place with Alice, Huck, Frodo, and Dorothy and this is one series not just for the decade, but for the ages."[citation needed] Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author best known for his enormously popular horror novels. ... An adverb is a part of speech. ... Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... Alice is a fictional character in the books Alices Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which were written by Charles Dodgson under the pen name Lewis Carroll. ... Mark Twains series of books featuring the fictional character Tom Sawyer include: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) Tom Sawyer Abroad (1894) Tom Sawyer, Detective (1896) Spoiler warning: // Widow Douglas life is saved by Huckleberry Finn after he followed Injun Joe and a confederate... Frodo Baggins (September 22, 2968 T.A. – ?) is the main character of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings. ... Dorothy Gale is a fictional character, the protagonist of most of the Oz novels by American author L. Frank Baum. ...


Yet another vein of criticism comes from some feminist circles, Christine Schoefer prominent among them, who contend that the novels are patriarchal and chauvinistic. According to Schoefer the series presents a world filled with stereotypes and adherence to "the conventional assumption that men do and should run the world." Schoefer cites Harry's courage in dangerous situations in contrast to Hermione's apparent emotional frailty when confronting the same, along with her need for Harry and Ron's approval. Similarly, she contrasts the female Professor McGonagall and her similar frailty under stress compared to the composed and farsighted Dumbledore. In addition to this is the attachment of fraud to females (Professor Trelawney, Professor Umbridge), immaturity (constantly giggling, naïve and catty school girls), and a general lack of daring, bold heroines. It is worth noting that, by the end of the sixth novel, Ginny Weasley has emerged as a very confident and bold female character.[29] Patriarchy (from Greek: pater (genitive form patris, showing the root patr-), meaning father and arché meaning rule) is the anthropological term used to define the sociological condition where male members of a society tend to predominate in positions of power; with the more powerful the position, the more likely it... Chauvinism is extreme and unreasoning partisanship on behalf of a group to which one belongs, especially when the partisanship includes malice and hatred towards a rival group. ... Minerva McGonagall (born October 4, ca. ... Sibyll Patricia Trelawney is a fictional character who appears in J.K. Rowlings series of Harry Potter novels. ... Dolores Jane Umbridge is a fictional character from the Harry Potter series of novels by J.K. Rowling. ... Look up naïve in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ginevra Molly Ginny Weasley (born 11 August 1981) [1] is a fictional character in the Harry Potter book series by J. K. Rowling. ...


Controversy

Allegations of copyright and trademark infringement

In 1999 N.K. Stouffer quietly began to allege copyright and trademark infringement by J.K. Rowling of her 1984 works The Legend of Rah and the Muggles and Larry Potter and His Best Friend Lilly.[30] Nancy Stouffer. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... A trademark, trade mark, ™ or ®[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by an organization to uniquely identify itself and its products and services to consumers, and to distinguish the organization and its products or services from those of other organizations. ... Nancy Kathleen Stouffer, also known as N. K. Stouffer, is an author who wrote childrens books in the 1980s. ... Nancy Kathleen Stouffer, also known as N. K. Stouffer, is an author who wrote childrens books in the 1980s. ...


The primary basis for Stouffer's claims lie in her own invention of Muggles, non-magical elongated humanoids of sorts and the title character of the second work, Larry Potter, a bespectacled boy with dark, albeit wavy hair (Rowling's Potter is characterised as having all of those, though with unruly instead of wavy hair). Stouffer contended (and still does to this day) that it is not just these examples and similar names but that it is "the cumulative effect of all of it combined" with the other comparisons she lists on her real muggles website.[31] The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ...


Rowling, along with Scholastic Press (her American publisher) and Warner Brothers (holders of the series' film rights), pre-empted Stouffer with a suit of their own seeking a declaratory judgment that they had not infringed on any of Stouffer's works. Rowling, through the use of expert witnesses who brought into question the authenticity of Stouffer's evidence, won the case with Stouffer's claims being dismissed with prejudice and Stouffer herself being fined $50,000 for her "pattern of intentional bad faith conduct" in relation to her employment of fraudulent submissions, along with being ordered to pay a portion of the plaintiffs' legal fees.[32] Scholastic Corporation (NASDAQ: SCHL) is an American book publishing company known for publishing educational materials for schools, teachers, and parents, and selling and distributing them by mail order and via book clubs and book fairs. ... Warner Bros. ...


In 2002, an unauthorized Chinese-language "sequel" entitled Harry Potter and Leopard-Walk-Up-to-Dragon appeared for sale in the People's Republic of China. The work of a Chinese ghost writer, the book contains characters from the works of other authors, including Gandalf from J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings, and the title character from L. Frank Baum's The Wizard of Oz. Rowling's lawyers successfully took legal action against the publishers who were forced to pay damages. [33] Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zh&#333;ngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (&#27721;&#35821;/&#28450;&#35486;, &#21326;&#35821;/&#33775;&#35486;, or &#20013;&#25991;; Pinyin: H ny&#468;, Hu y&#468;, or Zh&#333;ngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Photo of book cover Harry Potter and Leopard-Walk-Up-to-Dragon (哈利波特与豹走龙) is the title (loosely translated into English; 豹走龙 is a characters name and it would be more accurate to transliterate it as Bao Zoulong rather than translate the meaning) of an unauthorized 198-page book written and published... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, and the creator with illustrator W. W. Denslow of one of the most popular books ever written in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. ...


Religious opposition to witchcraft themes

Chick Publications produced a comic book tract called "The Nervous Witch" about two teenage girls who get seriously involved in occult witchcraft and become demonically possessed as a direct result of reading Harry Potter books.
Chick Publications produced a comic book tract called "The Nervous Witch" about two teenage girls who get seriously involved in occult witchcraft and become demonically possessed as a direct result of reading Harry Potter books.

Rowling has had to contend with considerable backlash, particularly from fundamentalist Christian groups who believe the series’ supposed pagan imagery is dangerous to their children. Since 1999, the Harry Potter books have sat atop the American Library Association’s list of most protested books, with some American churches banning the books altogether. Image File history File links Nervous_Witch_20. ... Image File history File links Nervous_Witch_20. ... Chick Publications is an American publishing company run by Jack Chick which produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets, DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, a poster, and (most famously) comic tracts in many languages. ... This article concerns the self-labeled Fundamentalist Movement in Protestant Christianity. ... The American Library Association (ALA) promotes libraries and library education in the United States and internationally. ...


"It contains some powerful and valuable lessons about love and courage and the ultimate victory of good over evil," said Paul Hetrick, spokesman for Focus on the Family, an American ultra-conservative Christian group based in Colorado Springs. "However, the positive messages are packaged in a medium — witchcraft — that is directly denounced in Scripture." [34] Accordingly, Harry Potter has been the subject of at least one book burning.[35] Continuing with the same line of reasoning, in 2002, Chick Publications went so far as to produce a comic book tract titled "The Nervous Witch" that claimed "the Potter books open a doorway that will put untold millions of kids into hell".[36] Chick Publications also released a DVD entitled Harry Potter: Witchcraft Repackaged [37] which made claims that "Harry's world says that drinking dead animal blood gives power, a satanic human sacrifice and Harry's powerful blood brings new life, demon possession is not spiritually dangerous, and that passing through fire, contacting the dead, and conversing with ghosts, others in the spirit world, and more, is normal and acceptable." [38] This religious fear was lampooned in an article in The Onion[39], that claimed the High Priest of Satanism had said, "Harry is an absolute godsend to our cause." The spoof was copied and pasted into a chain e-mail (with all references to "The Onion" or parody conspicuously excised, but with a hawkish commentary added claiming that it was proof that Harry Potter turned children to Satanism) which garnered many believers, apparently oblivious to the irony of a Satanist using the word "godsend." [40] Focus on the Family (FOTF or FotF), founded in 1977, is a Christian non-profit organization based in the United States. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Colorado Springs is a middle-sized city, located just east of the geographic center of the state of Colorado in the United States. ... Chick Publications is an American publishing company run by Jack Chick which produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets, DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, a poster, and (most famously) comic tracts in many languages. ... The Onion is a parody newspaper published weekly in print and on the Internet. ...


The Vatican has presented a mixed view on the books. In 2003, Monsignor Peter Fleetwood, a Vatican priest, claimed during a press conference on inter-religious dialogue that, "If I have understood well the intentions of Harry Potter's author, they help children to see the difference between good and evil. And she is very clear on this," and that Rowling is "Christian by conviction, is Christian in her mode of living, even in her way of writing." [41] This comment was seized on by the media as an endorsement of the novels from the Catholic Church, and by extension, the then Pope, John Paul II. [42] However, there is no evidence that the Pope, or the Vatican hierarchy, officially approved of the novels.[43] When Pope Benedict XVI was Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, he condemned the books in a letter expressing gratitude for the receipt of a book on the subject, stating they are "a subtle seduction, which has deeply unnoticed and direct effects in undermining the soul of Christianity before it can really grow properly". [44] Fleetwood wrote in response that these remarks were misinterpreted, and that the letter was likely to have been written by an assistant of the then-cardinal.[45] Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojty&#322;a (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope &#8212; the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... A prefect (from the Latin praefectus, perfect participle of praeficere: make in front, i. ... The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ...


Harsh criticism against the books also comes from the official Roman Catholic exorcist of Rome, Father Gabriele Amorth, who believes that, "Behind Harry Potter hides the signature of the king of the darkness, the devil."[46] He further told the Daily Mail that the Harry Potter books make a false distinction between black and white magic, when in reality, the distinction "does not exist, because magic is always a turn to the devil". Amorth believes that the books can be a bad influence on children by getting them interested in the occult. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... An exorcist is a person who performs exorcism, the driving off of demons or other supernatural beings who have possessed a person, or (sometimes) a building or other object. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... Fr. ... This page is about the concept of Satan. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper, a tabloid, first published in 1896. ... The word occult comes from the Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to the knowledge of the secret or knowledge of the hidden and often popularly meaning knowledge of the supernatural, as opposed to knowledge of the visible or knowledge of the measurable, usually referred to as science. ...


See also: Christian views on witchcraft Christian views on witchcraft arise from scriptural, theological, and historical considerations. ...


Book challenges

The series has been frequently challenged for alleged inappropriate content. In the United States, the series was seventh on the list of books that were most challenged in American libraries between 1990 and 2000 despite having been first published in the United States in 1997.[47] However, it is not clear how often libraries actually do restrict access to the books, and there have been several high-profile failures to do so.[48]


Legal injunction

The series garnered more controversy with its most recent release, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, when a grocery store in Canada accidentally sold several copies of the sixth Harry Potter book before the authorised release date. The Canadian publisher, Raincoast Books, obtained an injunction from the Supreme Court of British Columbia prohibiting the purchasers from reading the books in their possession. This sparked a number of news articles questioning the injunction's restriction on fundamental rights. Canadian law professor Michael Geist has posted commentary on his weblog. [49] Richard Stallman has posted commentary on his weblog calling for a boycott until the publisher issues an apology.[50] << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Raincoast Books is a Canadian book publishing company. ... An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that either prohibits or compels (restrains or enjoins) a party from continuing a particular activity. ... Supreme Court of British Columbia is the superior court for the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Michael Geist is a Canadian academic who is recognized as an international expert in Internet and copyright issues. ... A weblog (now more commonly known as a blog) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally, but not always, in reverse chronological order). ... Richard Matthew Stallman (nickname RMS) (born March 16, 1953) is an acclaimed software freedom activist, hacker, and software developer. ...


Films

In 1999, Rowling sold the film rights to the first four Harry Potter books to Warner Bros. for a reported £1 million ($1.9 million US, or ca. 1.4 million €). [51] Her major demand was that the principal cast be kept strictly British. [52] Although Steven Spielberg was initially in negotiations to direct the first film, he would later decline. He wanted the movie to be an animated film, with Haley Joel Osment to do the voice of Harry Potter. For a while, it was speculated that this was due to Rowling's heavy involvement and Spielberg's dislike of an all-British cast. However, Spielberg contended that, in his opinion, it would be like "shooting ducks in a barrel... It's just like withdrawing a billion dollars and putting it into your personal bank accounts. There's no challenge."[53] Warner Bros. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and producer. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (also known as Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone in the United States) is a 2001 fantasy film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... Haley Joel Osment (born April 10, 1988) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ...


The Harry Potter movies have since gone on to even eclipse such giants as the Star Wars trilogy in worldwide box office gross receipts, finishing second all-time to only The Lord of the Rings movie trilogy.[54] Harry Potter may refer to the following films: Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (not yet released) Harry Potter and... Opening logo to the Star Wars films Star Wars is a science fantasy saga and fictional galaxy created by writer/producer/director George Lucas during the 1970s. ... The Lord of the Rings movie trilogy consists of three live action films, directed by Peter Jackson. ...


In the Rubbish Bin section of her website, Rowling maintains that she personally had no role in Spielberg's choice saying, "Anyone who thinks I could (or would) have 'veto-ed' him needs their Quick-Quotes Quill serviced." [55] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In the end, Chris Columbus directed the first two films, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Alfonso Cuarón directed the third, and Mike Newell directed the fourth. The fifth, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, is currently in production and is being directed by David Yates.[56] Columbus also worked as producer on the first three films. Chris Columbus (born in Spangler, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1958) is an American filmmaker. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (also known as Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone in the United States) is a 2001 fantasy film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the second film in the popular Harry Potter series, was released on November 15, 2002 in the United Kingdom, the United States, and elsewhere. ... Alfonso Cuaron Alfonso Cuarón Orozco (born November 28, 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico) is a Mexican film director. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004) is the third in the Harry Potter film series and was directed by Alfonso Cuarón. ... Michael Cormac Newell (born March 28, 1942) is an English director and producer of motion pictures for the screen and for television. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is the fourth film in the popular Harry Potter series, begun with the novel by J.K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a film based on J. K. Rowlings fifth book of the same name in the Harry Potter series, directed by David Yates. ... David Yates (born 1963 in St Helens, Merseyside) is an English film and television director. ...


Rowling's first choice director was originally Terry Gilliam, but Columbus' involvement as screenwriter on the 1985 film Young Sherlock Holmes encouraged Warner Bros. to select him in preference. Reminiscent of the Harry Potter series, Young Sherlock Holmes includes three leads who bear a strong resemblance to the Harry, Ron and Hermione of Rowling's description (as does a character named Dudley to Draco Malfoy). They investigate a supernatural mystery in a Gothic boarding school, where staff include the Professor Flitwick-like Waxflatter, and sinister Rathe. Scenes from the film were used to cast the first Harry Potter film.[57] Terry Gilliam at Karlovy Vary 2006. ... Young Sherlock Holmes (1985), directed by Barry Levinson and written by Chris Columbus, depicts a young Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson meeting and solving a mystery together at a boarding school. ... Filius Flitwick (born October 17, year unknown)[1] is a fictional character in the Harry Potter books. ...


In 2000, the virtually unknown British actors Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson, and Rupert Grint were selected from thousands of auditioning children to play the roles of Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley, respectively. [58] They are scheduled to return in the fifth film. [59] Other notable Potter character portrayals include Robbie Coltrane's Hagrid, Alan Rickman's Severus Snape, Tom Felton's Draco Malfoy, Maggie Smith's Minerva McGonagall, and Richard Harris and Michael Gambon's Albus Dumbledore (Gambon took over for the third film following Harris's death in 2002). Each will reprise their characters for Order of the Phoenix. along with Jason Isaacs as Lucius Malfoy, Gary Oldman as Sirius Black, and Ralph Fiennes as Lord Voldemort. [60] Daniel Jacob Radcliffe[1] (born 23 July 1989) is a queer English actor, known for playing schoolboy wizard Harry Potter in each of the first five films based on the best-selling book series. ... Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson[1] (born 15 April 1990) is an English actress who plays Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter film series. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... Hermione Jane Granger (b. ... Ronald Bilius Ron Weasley (born 1 March 1980)[1] is a fictional character in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of books. ... Robbie Coltrane as Rubeus Hagrid Robbie Coltrane, OBE (born Anthony Robert McMillan on March 30, 1950) is a Scottish actor. ... Rubeus Hagrid (born December 6, year ca. ... Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman (born February 21, 1946) is an English stage and screen actor. ... Severus Snape (born January 9, c. ... Thomas Andrew Felton (born September 22, 1987) is an English actor. ... Draco Malfoy (born 5 June 1980[1]) is an antagonist and villain in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter books and Harry Potters principal rival at Hogwarts. ... Dame Margaret Natalie Smith, DBE (born 28 December 1934), better known as Dame Maggie Smith, is a two-time Academy Award-winning English film, stage, and television actress. ... Minerva McGonagall (born October 4, c. ... Richard St. ... Michael Gambon in Charlotte Gray, (2001) Sir Michael John Gambon, CBE (born October 19, 1940), is an acclaimed Irish-born British actor who has worked in television, film and theatre. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lucius Malfoy is a fictional character in the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling. ... Gary Oldman Gary Oldman (born March 21, 1958) is an English actor, born Leonard Gary Oldman in New Cross, London, England. ... Sirius Black is a fictional character in J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series of novels. ... Ralph Fiennes in Spider. ... Lord Voldemort (1926-) is the fictional arch-villain of the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ...


The first four films were scripted by Steve Kloves with the direct assistance of Rowling, though she allowed Kloves what he described as "tremendous elbow room".[61] Thus the plot and tone of each film and its corresponding book are virtually the same with some changes and omissions for purposes of cinematic style and time constraints. Despite these changes, Rowling has characterised Kloves and his adaptations as being "faithful to the books."[23] Steven Kloves (born 1960) is an accomplished screenwriter and is most renowned for his adaptations of novels, especially for the Harry Potter film series. ...


The fifth Harry Potter film, Order of the Phoenix is scheduled by Warner Bros. for release on July 13, 2007, and the sixth, Half-Blood Prince is scheduled for November 21, 2008.[62] Warner Bros. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year from UTC-7 east to the international date line. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Differences between book and film versions of:

These are differences between the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone by J. K. Rowling. ... These are differences between the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets by J. K. Rowling. ... These are differences between the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban by J. K. Rowling. ... These are differences between the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire by J. K. Rowling. ... These are differences between the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix by J. K. Rowling. ...

Awards and honours

J.K. Rowling and the Harry Potter series have been the recipients of a host of awards since the initial publication of Philosopher's Stone including four Whitaker Platinum Book Awards (all of which were awarded in 2001), three Nestlé Smarties Book Prizes (1997-1999), two Scottish Arts Council Book Awards (1999 and 2001), and the WHSmith book of the year (2006), among others. In 2000 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was nominated for Best Novel in the Hugo Awards while in 2001 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire won said award. Honours include a commendation for the Carnegie Medal (1997), a shortlisting for the Guardian Children's Award (1998), and numerous listings on the notable books, editors' Choices, and best books lists of the American Library Association, New York Times, Chicago Public Library, and Publishers Weekly.[63] The Nestlé Smarties Book Prize is an annual award given to childrens books written in the previous year by a UK citizen or resident. ... Scottish Arts Council logo The Scottish Arts Council is a Non-Departmental Public Body sponsored by the Scottish Executive and is the leading national organization for the funding, development and promotion of the arts in Scotland. ... The British Book Awards are given annually and promoted by the UK publishing industry trade journal Publishing News. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is the third book in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... The Hugo Award is given every year for the best science fiction or fantasy stories of the previous year, and for related areas in fandom, art and dramatic presentation. ... << Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban | Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix >> This article is about the book. ... The Carnegie Medal in Literature was established in the UK in 1936 in honour of Andrew Carnegie. ... The American Library Association (ALA) promotes libraries and library education in the United States and internationally. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Chicago Public Library consists of 80 branches (as of March 2006) throughout the city of Chicago, Illinois, USA. History Harold Washington Library in downtown Chicago. ... Publishers Weekly is a weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians, booksellers, and literary agents. ...


Commercial success

Costumes from the 2005 film, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, used as a promotion at Hong Kong's Times Square.
Costumes from the 2005 film, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, used as a promotion at Hong Kong's Times Square.

The popularity of the Harry Potter series has translated into substantial financial success for Rowling, her publishers, and other Harry Potter related licence holders. The books have sold over 300 million copies worldwide and have also given rise to the popular film adaptations produced by Warner Bros., all of which have been successful in their own right with the first, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, ranking number four on the list of all time highest-grossing films and the other three each ranking in the top 25. [64] The films have in turn spawned five video games and have in conjunction with them led to the licensing of over 400 additional Harry Potter products (including an iPod) that have, as of July 2005, made the Harry Potter brand worth an estimated 4 billion dollars and J.K. Rowling a US dollar billionaire, making her, by some reports, richer than Queen Elizabeth II.[65] [66] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 801 KB) Summary A Harry Potter costume display in Times Square from Veritaserum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 801 KB) Summary A Harry Potter costume display in Times Square from Veritaserum. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is the fourth film in the popular Harry Potter series, begun with the novel by J.K. Rowling. ... A taxi stand on Russell Street outside Times Square on a rainy day. ... Warner Bros. ... The following are two non-definitive lists of the all-time highest-grossing films. ... iPod is a brand of portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Computer and launched in 2001. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... A billionaire is a person who has a net worth or wealth of or more than one billion United States dollars or euros. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


Cultural impact

Since the publishing of Philosopher's Stone a number of societal trends have been attributed to the series. In 2005, doctors at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford reported that their research of the weekends of Saturday, 21 June, 2003 and Saturday, 16 July, 2005 (the dates of the two most recent book releases of the series) found that only 36 children needed emergency medical assistance for injuries sustained in accidents, as opposed to other weekends' average of 67.[67] Anecdotal evidence such as this suggesting an increase in literacy among children due to Harry Potter was seemingly confirmed in 2006 when the Kids and Family Reading Report (in conjunction with Scholastic) released a survey finding that 51% of Harry Potter readers ages 5-17 said that while they did not read books for fun before they started reading Harry Potter, they now did. The study further reported that according to 65% of children and 76% of parents, they or their children's performance in school improved since they started reading the series. [68] This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... Anecdotal evidence is an informal account of evidence in the form of an anecdote, or hearsay. ...

Crowds wait outside a Borders store in Delaware for the midnight release of the book
Crowds wait outside a Borders store in Delaware for the midnight release of the book

Notable also is the development a massive following of fans. So eager were these fans for the latest series release that book stores around the world began holding events to coincide with the midnight release of the books, beginning with the 2000 publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. The events, commonly featuring mock sorting, games, face painting, and other live entertainment have achieved popularity with Potter fans and have been incredibly successful at attracting fans and selling books with nearly nine million of the 10.8 million initial print copies of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince sold in the first 24 hours. [69] [70] Among this large base of fans are a minority of "super-fans" (or fangirls and fanboys), similar to the trekkies of the Star Trek fandom. Besides meeting online through blogs and fansites, Harry Potter super-fans can also meet at Harry Potter symposiums. These events draw people from around the world to attend lectures, discussions and a host of other Potter themed activities. See Harry Potter Fandom for further details. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 1023 KB) Picture of the lines for Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince Taken by Raul654 outside a Borders store in Delaware, USA - July 16, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Harry Potter and the... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 1023 KB) Picture of the lines for Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince Taken by Raul654 outside a Borders store in Delaware, USA - July 16, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Harry Potter and the... Borders Group (NYSE: BGP) is an international bookseller based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... This article is about one of the states in the United States of America. ... Fanboy is a derogatory term used to describe someone who is utterly devoted to a hobby or a subject, to the point where it becomes an obsession. ... Fanboy is a derogatory term used to describe someone who is utterly devoted to a hobby or a subject, to the point where it becomes an obsession. ... Trekkie (or Trekker) is a term that in recent decades has been used to describe a fan of the Star Trek science fiction franchise. ... This article is about the Star Trek franchise. ... Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... It has been suggested that Online diary be merged into this article or section. ... A fansite or fan site is a website created and maintained by the fans or devotees of a particular cultural phenomenon. ... Symposium originally referred to a drinking party (the Greek verb sympotein means to drink together) but has since come to refer to any academic conference, whether or not drinking takes place. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Harry Potter has also wrought changes in the publishing world, one of the most noted being the reformation of the New York Times Best Seller list. The change came immediately preceding the release of Goblet of Fire in 2000 when publishers complained of the number of slots on the list being held by Harry Potter and other children's books. The Times subsequently created a separate children's list for Harry Potter and other children's literature.[71] The New York Times Best Seller List is a weekly chart in The New York Times newspaper that keeps track of the best-selling books of the week. ...


Future

 This article or section contains information about scheduled or expected future events.
It may contain information of a tentative nature and the content may change dramatically as the event approaches and more information becomes available.

There are currently three more Harry Potter films yet to be released. On April 5, 2006, Warner Brothers announced that the fifth film, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, will be released in cinemas on July 13, 2007.[72] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a film based on J. K. Rowlings fifth book of the same name in the Harry Potter series, directed by David Yates. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year from UTC-7 east to the international date line. ...


On August 4, 2006, Box Office Mojo reported the sixth adaptation, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, would be released on November 21, 2008. WB has since confirmed this release date.[73] August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In December of 2005, Rowling declared on her web site that "2006 will be the year when I write the final book in the Harry Potter series." Updates have since followed in her online diary chronicling the progress of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, though proclamation of completion and release date have not accompanied them. Many fans speculate that the book will be published in 2007, with a particular fixation on the numerologically-significant July 7, 2007,[74] but as of December 2, 2006 there had been no confirmation of a release date from either Rowling or her publishers. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... << Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince | (last in series) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows will be the seventh book in the Harry Potter series of novels by J. K. Rowling. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year from UTC-7 east to the international date line. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year from UTC-7 east to the international date line. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rowling herself has stated that the last chapter of the seventh book was completed some time ago, before writing the third book. According to her, the last word in the book is "scar". [75]


In June 2006, Rowling, on an appearance on the British talk show Richard & Judy, announced that the chapter had been modified as one character "got a reprieve" and two others who previously survived the story had in fact been killed. She also said she could see the logic in killing off Harry in order to stop other writers from writing books about Harry's life after Hogwarts. [76] 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard & Judy is an afternoon magazine/talk-show in the UK presented by married couple Richard Madeley and Judy Finnigan. ...


Regarding the existence of Harry Potter novels beyond the seventh, Rowling has said that she might write an eighth book some day, but it will not continue the life of Harry and his friends. If she does, she intends it to be a sort of encyclopedia of the wizarding world, containing concepts and snippets of information that were not relevant enough to the novels' plots to be included in them. [77] She has also said that she will not write any sort of prequel to the novels, since by the time the series ends all the necessary back story will have been revealed. [78] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is one of the best-known prequels. ...

Another question for the future is whether Emma Watson who plays "Hermione Granger" will appear in the next film in the series. She said, "I love to perform, but there are so many things I love doing." [79]


The Harry Potter series

  1. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (June 26, 1997) (titled Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the United States)
  2. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (July 2, 1998)
  3. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (September 8, 1999)
  4. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (July 8, 2000)
  5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (June 21, 2003)
  6. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (July 16, 2005)
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (release date TBA)

Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone is the first volume in a planned series of seven books written by English author J. K. Rowling, and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikibooks Muggles Guide to Harry Potter has more about this subject: Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, by J.K. Rowling, is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is the third book in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... << Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban | Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix >> This article is about the book. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... << Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire | Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince >> This article is about the book. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... << Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince | (last in series) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows will be the seventh book in the Harry Potter series of novels by J. K. Rowling. ...

Supplementary Books

Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them is both a fictional book described in the Harry Potter series of childrens novels by the British author J. K. Rowling, and a real book by that author. ... Quidditch Through the Ages is both a fictional book described in the Harry Potter series of childrens novels by the British author Joanne Rowling, and a real book by that author. ...

See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Joanne “Jo” Rowling, OBE (born July 31, 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... Harry James Potter (born 31 July 1980) is a fictional character and the hero of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fans have created a timeline of the Harry Potter series from one shred of information in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. ... These are parodies to the Harry Potter series. ... J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter books share a number of similarities with a wide range of literature, both classical and modern. ... The cover of Harry Potter en de Steen der Wijzen - the Dutch-language translation of the first book, jointly published by De Harmonie and Standaard. ... The following is a table listing members of the cast of the Harry Potter films. ...

References

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  3. ^ ""Wizard Revisited"", Sunday Tribune, June 19, 2005.
  4. ^ HP in Ancient Greek. Accessed 25 November 2006.
  5. ^ Greek Harry Accessed 25 November 2006.
  6. ^ Watson, Julie and Kellner, Tomas. "J.K. Rowling And The Billion-Dollar Empire". Forbes.com, 26 February 2004. Accessed 19 March 2006.
  7. ^ "Final 'Harry Potter' title revealed", The Guardian, December 21, 2006.
  8. ^ Rowling, J.K.. Biography. JKRowling.com. Retrieved on 2006-05-21.
  9. ^ "J.K. Rowling interview transcript, The Connection", Quick Quote Quill, October 12, 1999.
  10. ^ Barnes & Noble.com
  11. ^ Lawless, John. Nigel Newton. BusinessWeek Online. Retrieved on 2006-09-09.
  12. ^ Savill, Richard. Harry Potter and the mystery of J K's lost initial. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 2006-09-09.
  13. ^ eToys interview transcript. eToys interview transcript. Quick Quotes Quill. Retrieved on 2006-09-09.
  14. ^ "Books' Hero Wins Young Minds", New York Times, Jul 12, 1999.
  15. ^ a b "OOTP is best seller in France - in English!", BBC, July 1, 2003.
  16. ^ "J. K. Rowling" by Leslie Ellen Jones, NoveList/EBSCO Publishing, 2003, retrieved September 9, 2005
  17. ^ a b ""Wild About Harry"", New York Times, July 23, 2000.
  18. ^ Rowling, J.K. (2003). Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (US Hardback), 844.
  19. ^ Rowling, J.K. (2005). Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (US Hardback), 511.
  20. ^ "There would be so much to tell her..." The Daily Telegraph. Accessed 29 June 2006.
  21. ^ a b Rowling, J.K. (1999). Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (US Hardback), 333.
  22. ^ Rowling, J.K. (2000). Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (US Hardback), 708.
  23. ^ a b "Mzimba, Lizo, moderator. Interview with Steve Kloves and J.K. Rowling", Quick Quotes Quill, February 2003.
  24. ^ "About the Books: transcript of J.K. Rowling's live interview on Scholastic.com", Scholastic.com, 16 October 2000.
  25. ^ "Harry Potter and the Childish Adult", New York Times, July 7, 2003.
  26. ^ "Rowling books 'for people with stunted imaginations'", The Guardian, July 11, 2003.
  27. ^ Bloom, Harold. Dumbing down American readers. Boston.com. Retrieved on 2006-06-20.
  28. ^ "A. S. Byatt and the goblet of bile", Salon.com, July 8, 2003.
  29. ^ Schoeffer, Christine. Harry Potter's girl trouble. Salon.com. Retrieved on 2006-06-20.
  30. ^ ""Potter author zaps court rival"", CNN, September 19, 2002.
  31. ^ ""Muggle Versus Wizard"", Washington Post, March 28, 2001.
  32. ^ ""Stouffer v. Rowling"", eyrie.org, Accessed May 26, 2006.
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  34. ^ ""Harry Potter expelled from school"", Denver Rocky Mountain News, November 6, 1999.
  35. ^ "'Satanic' Harry Potter books burnt", BBC, December 31, 2001.
  36. ^ "The Nervous Witch", Chick Publications, 2002.
  37. ^ Harry Potter: Witchcraft Repackaged. Chick Publications (2002).
  38. ^ What is Harry Potter all about?. Chick Publications (2002).
  39. ^ "Harry Potter Sparks Rise in Satanism in Children", The Onion, 2000.
  40. ^ Claim: Harry Potter books are sparking a rise in Satanism among children. Status: False.. Snopes.com (2001).
  41. ^ "Catholic church stands up for Harry Potter", Guardian Unlimited, 2003.
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  43. ^ Harry Potter Gets Vatican's Blessing?. LifeSite News (2003).
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  45. ^ "Speak Of The Devil...", Catholic Insider, July 14, 2005.
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  47. ^ "The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990–2000", American Library Association, 2000.
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  49. ^ "The Harry Potter Injunction", Michael Geist, 2005.
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  51. ^ "WiGBPd About Harry", Australian Financial Review, 19 July 2000.
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March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... MuggleNet is a Harry Potter fansite founded by Emerson Spartz, from LaPorte, Indiana. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... MuggleNet is a Harry Potter fansite founded by Emerson Spartz, from LaPorte, Indiana. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ...

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Other resources

J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series
Philosopher's Stone book film game soundtrack
Chamber of Secrets book film game soundtrack
Prisoner of Azkaban book film game soundtrack
Goblet of Fire book film game soundtrack
Order of the Phoenix book (film) (game) (soundtrack)
Half-Blood Prince book (film)
Deathly Hallows (book)
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Quidditch Through the Ages

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Joanne “Jo” Rowling, OBE (born July 31, 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone is the first volume in a planned series of seven books written by English author J. K. Rowling, and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (also known as Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone in the United States) is a 2001 fantasy film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (known as Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone in the United States) is the name of five distinct video games. ... The Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone official motion picture soundtrack was released on October 30, 2001. ... Wikibooks Muggles Guide to Harry Potter has more about this subject: Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, by J.K. Rowling, is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the second film in the popular Harry Potter series, was released on November 15, 2002 in the United Kingdom, the United States, and elsewhere. ... The video game Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets was released in 2002. ... The Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets official motion picture soundtrack was released on November 12, 2002. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is the third book in the Harry Potter series of books by J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004) is the third in the Harry Potter film series and was directed by Alfonso Cuarón. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is a computer and video game that was released in 2004, concurrently with the release of the Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban movie, the third in the Harry Potter series. ... The Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban official motion picture soundtrack was released on May 25, 2004. ... << Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban | Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix >> This article is about the book. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is the fourth film in the popular Harry Potter series, begun with the novel by J.K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is a computer and video game that was released on November 11, 2005, a few days before the release of the Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire movie (the fourth in the Harry Potter series). ... The Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire office motion picture soundtrack was released on November 15, 2005. ... << Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire | Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince >> This article is about the book. ... Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a film based on J. K. Rowlings fifth book of the same name in the Harry Potter series, directed by David Yates. ... Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a computer and video game that is based on the fifth installment of the popular Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling and the film adaptation. ... The Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix official motion picture soundtrack is expected to be released in Summer 2007, around the time of Order of the Phoenix s premier. ... << Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix | Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows >> Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, released on July 16, 2005, is the sixth novel in J. K. Rowlings popular Harry Potter series. ... Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is a planned future movie based on J.K. Rowlings sixth book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. ... << Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince | (last in series) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows will be the seventh book in the Harry Potter series of novels by J. K. Rowling. ... Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them is both a fictional book described in the Harry Potter series of childrens novels by the British author J. K. Rowling, and a real book by that author. ... Quidditch Through the Ages is both a fictional book described in the Harry Potter series of childrens novels by the British author Joanne Rowling, and a real book by that author. ... // Wizarding places Godrics Hollow Hogsmeade Azkaban St. ... In the magical world of the Harry Potter series of fictional novels by J. K. Rowling, many (often incredible) things are accomplished through the use of magical spells by the characters. ... The cover of Harry Potter en de Steen der Wijzen - the Dutch-language translation of the first book, jointly published by De Harmonie and Standaard. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The fictional universe portrayed in the Harry Potter books and films. ... Quidditch is a fictional airborne ballgame played on broomsticks, a sort of magical variant of football or polo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harry Potter - Harry Potter Wiki (2859 words)
Harry Potter was born on July 31, 1980 to James and Lily Potter.
Harry is bound to a tombstone and forced to witness a ritual (which uses his blood) that restores Lord Voldemort to his former body.
Harry recovers the locket from Dumbledore's body, but a note inside reveals it is a fake; the real Horcrux has been stolen by someone whose initials are R.A.B. After Dumbledore's funeral, Harry tells Ron and Hermione he is leaving Hogwarts to search for Voldemort's four remaining Horcruxes.
Harry Potter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7393 words)
Harry Potter is the name of a popular series of fantasy novels by British writer J.
Harry's defeat of Voldemort in the course of the mysterious events of that Halloween night was met with a mix of awe and fear, but mostly joy by the magical community, resulting in them dubbing Harry, who had survived where so many others had fallen, "The Boy Who Lived".
One of Harry Potter's biggest supporters and most steadfast friends, he is also the Hogwarts groundskeeper and Professor of Care of Magical Creatures and it was he who reintroduced Harry back into the magical world.
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