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Encyclopedia > Harrisonburg, Virginia
Harrisonburg, Virginia

Seal
Nickname: The Friendly City
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°44′33″N 78°87′28″W / 38.7425, -79.45778
County Independent City
Founded 1737
Government
 - Mayor Rodney Eagle[1]
Area
 - City 45.6 km²  (17.6 sq mi)
 - Land 45.5 km² (17.2 sq mi)
 - Water 0.1 km² (0.04 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 - City 40,468
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.ci.harrisonburg.va.us/

Harrisonburg is an independent city in Rockingham County, Virginia. The population was 40,468 at the 2000 census. It is the principal city of Rockingham County and is included in the Harrisonburg, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area. Harrisonburg is located in the Shenandoah Valley and is home to James Madison University and Eastern Mennonite University. It is the county seat of Rockingham CountyGR6. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Harrisonburg with Rockingham county for statistical purposes, while the US Census Bureau treats Harrisonburg as an independent County for census tabulation. Image File history File links City of Harrisonburg official Logo. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias VA county maps by Seth Ilys. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1778 Seat Harrisonburg Area  - Total  - Water 2,210 km² (853 mi²) 6 km² (2 mi²) 0. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, VA. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia, from Winchester to Staunton, is bounded by the Blue Ridge mountains to the East and the Allegheny mountains to the West. ... Wilson Hall, centerpiece of the JMU quad. ... Eastern Mennonite University (EMU) is an accredited four-year Christian liberal arts university located in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1778 Seat Harrisonburg Area  - Total  - Water 2,210 km² (853 mi²) 6 km² (2 mi²) 0. ... The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy of the United States. ...

Contents

Geography

Harrisonburg is located at 38°26′35″N, 78°52′21″W (38.443279, -78.872759)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.6 km² (17.6 mi²). 45.5 km² (17.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.17%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 40,468 people, 13,133 households, and 6,448 families residing in the city. The population density was 889.8/km² (2,304.4/mi²). There were 13,689 housing units at an average density of 301.0/km² (779.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.84% White, 5.92% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.35% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. 8.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The Hispanics in the United States or Hispanic American is an American citizen or resident of Hispanic ethnicity and can identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 13,133 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.9% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00. “Spouse” redirects here. ...

This graph, using information from the 2000 federal census, illustrates the uneven distribution of age due to the two universities in Harrisonburg
This graph, using information from the 2000 federal census, illustrates the uneven distribution of age due to the two universities in Harrisonburg

The age distribution, which is strongly influenced by the city's two universities, is: 15.4% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $29,949, and the median income for a family was $45,159. Males had a median income of $29,951 versus $22,910 for women. The per capita income for the city was $14,898. About 11.5% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over. However, traditional poverty measures can be misleading when applied to a community with a relatively large student population, such as Harrisonburg. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Newtown

When the slaves of the Shenandoah Valley were freed in 1865, they set up a town near modern-day Harrisonburg called Newtown. This Black settlement was eventually annexed by the independent city of Harrisonburg some years later, probably around 1892. Today, the old city of Newtown is still the home of the majority of Harrisonburg's predominantly black churches such as First Baptist and Bethel AME. The modern Boys and Girls Club of Harrisonburg is located in the old school house used for the black students in the days of segregation.


Education

School systems

Serving about 4,000 students (K-12,) Harrisonburg City Public Schools comprises 4 elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school. Eastern Mennonite School, a private school, serves grades K-12 with an enrollment of about 327 students.[2] The Harrisonburg City Public School division is the home of the Blue Streaks and is comprised of a high school (Harrisonburg High School), a middle school (Thomas Harrison Middle School), four elementary schools (W.H. Keister Elementary School, Spotswood Elementary School, Stone Spring Elementary School, and Waterman Elementary School) and... Eastern Mennonite School (EMS) formerly known as Eastern Mennonite High School is a private school in Harrisonburg, Virginia which is affiliated with the Mennonite Church. ...


Higher education

Eastern Mennonite University (EMU) is an accredited four-year Christian liberal arts university located in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ... Wilson Hall, centerpiece of the JMU quad. ...

Points of interest

Court House
Court House

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Edith J. Carrier Arboretum is an arboretum and botanical garden on the James Madison University campus, located in Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA in the Shenandoah Valley. ...

Sports

The Harrisonburg Turks are in the southern division of the Valley Baseball League External links Turks Valley Baseball League Categories: ... The Valley Baseball League is an NCAA sanctioned baseball league in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. ... Wilson Hall, centerpiece of the JMU quad. ... Division I is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... Division I is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... The Colonial Athletic Association, also known as the CAA, is a NCAA Division I college athletic conference whose members are located in East Coast states from Massachusetts to Georgia. ...

Notable residents

Jeremiah Bishop (born 9 March 1976) is a professional mountain bike racer. ... Nelson Boyd Chittum (born March 25, 1933 in Harrisonburg, Virginia) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher for the Saint Louis Cardinals, Boston Red Sox, and Los Angeles Dodgers. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899-1910), (1913) Brooklyn Grooms... Image:Ralph Sampson. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... The 1983 NBA Draft took place on June 28, 1983 in New York City. ... The Houston Rockets are an American professional basketball team based in Houston, Texas. ... Robert John Wade(Born:January 25, 1975) is a National Football League center for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. ... City Tampa Bay, Florida Other nicknames The Bucs, Pewter Pirates Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, and Orange Head Coach Jon Gruden Owner Malcolm Glazer General manager Bruce Allen Mascot Captain Fear League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference... Constantine Gregory (Gus) Niarhos (December 6, 1920 - December 29, 2004) was a backup catcher in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames Phils, The Phightin Phils, The...

See also

Virginia Mennonite Conference is a conference member of Mennonite Church USA, and is a body of 67 Mennonite churches in the mid-Atlantic states of Virginia, North Carolina, West Virginia, and the city of Washington D.C. There is also a Mennonite church in Ohio that is a member of...

References and notes

  1. ^ Term: 2004-2008; Mayor Rodney Eagle
  2. ^ Eastern Mennonite School profile.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harrisonburg City Public Schools (267 words)
The mission of Harrisonburg City Public Schools is to prepare every student to succeed and to contribute to a better world.
The Harrisonburg City School Board is asking residents of Harrisonburg City to submit recommendations for names for the new middle school and the new elementary school being built between Country Club Road and Smithland Road.
Harrisonburg City Public Schools does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age in its programs and activities.
Harrisonburg, Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (571 words)
Harrisonburg is an independent city within the confines of Rockingham County in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Harrisonburg is located in the Shenandoah Valley and is home to James Madison University and Eastern Mennonite University.
All schools are accredited by the Virginia Department of Education and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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