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Encyclopedia > Harpsichord concerto

A harpsichord concerto is a concerto for harpsichord and orchestra. In classical music, the word concerto (pl. ... Harpsichord in Flemish style; for more info, click the image. ... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


In the Baroque period, when the harpsichord was a common instrument, several concertos were written for it (Johann Sebastian Bach wrote a number of examples), though it was never as popular as the violin or other string or wind instruments. Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 to 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ... Johann Sebastian Bach (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together almost all of the strands of the baroque style and brought it to its ultimate maturity. ... The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart, the lowest being the G just below middle C. It is the smallest and highest-tuned member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at the end of the resonator. ...


With the rise of the piano in the Classical period, the harpsichord fell out of use, and nothing was written for it by major composers through the Romantic era. In the 20th century, interest in performing Baroque music in a more historically accurate way rose, and the harpsichord began to be played once more. As well as playing old music, harpsichordists commissioned new pieces for the instrument: Wanda Landowska, an important force in returning the harpsichord to the concert hall, commissioned concerti from Francis Poulenc and Manuel de Falla, for example. A grand piano A piano is a keyboard instrument, which is widely used in western music for solo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment, and also as a convenient aid to composing and rehearsal. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 and 1820, but there was considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... The authentic performance movement is an effort on the part of musicians and scholars to perform works of classical music in ways similar to how they were performed when they were originally written. ... Wanda Landowska (July 5, 1879 – August 16, 1959), harpsichordist whose performances, teaching, recordings and writings played a large role in reviving the popularity of that instrument in the early 20th century. ... Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (January 7, 1899 - January 30, 1963) was a French composer. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ...


List of harpsichord concertos

  • Johann Sebastian Bach (all 1720s-1740s)
    • BWV 1052 for harpsichord and strings in D minor, after a lost violin concerto
    • BWV 1053 for harpsichord and strings in E major, probably after a lost oboe concerto
    • BWV 1054 for harpsichord and strings in D major, after his violin concerto in E major BWV 1042
    • BWV 1055 for harpsichord and strings in A major, after a lost oboe d'amore concerto
    • BWV 1056 for harpsichord and strings in F minor, probably after a lost violin concerto
    • BWV 1057 for harpsichord, 2 recorders and strings in F major, after his Brandenburg concerto no.4 in G major, BWV 1049
    • BWV 1058 for harpsichord and strings in G minor, after his violin concerto in A minor BWV 1043
    • BWV 1050 - Brandenburg concerto no.5 in D major, for harpsichord, flute, violin and strings
    • BWV 1044 for harpsichord, violin, flute and strings in A minor.
    • BWV 1060 for 2 harpsichords and strings in C minor, after a lost violin and oboe concerto
    • BWV 1061 for 2 harpsichords and strings in C major, after a lost concerto for 2 harpsichords unaccompanied
    • BWV 1062 for 2 harpsichords and strings in C minor, after his double violin concerto in D minor BWV 1041
    • BWV 1063 for 3 harpsichords and strings in D minor
    • BWV 1064 for 3 harpsichords and strings in C major, after a lost triple violin concerto
    • BWV 1065 for 4 harpsichords and strings in A minor, after Vivaldi's concerto for 4 violins in B minor, RV 580 (l'estro armonico op.3 no.10)
  • Thomas Arne - 6 Favourite Concertos for harpsichord, piano or organ (late 18th century)
  • CPE Bach - about 50 harpsichord concertos, including one for harpsichord and fortepiano.
  • Manuel de Falla - Concierto for harpsichord (1926)
  • Philip Glass - Concerto for Harpsichord and Chamber Orchestra (2002)
  • Henryk Górecki - Harpsichord Concerto (1980)
  • Frank Martin - Harpsichord Concerto (1951-52)
  • Bohuslav Martinů - Harpsichord Concerto (1935)
  • Francis Poulenc - Concert champêtre (1927-28)
  • Roberto Gerhard - concerto for harpsichord, percussion and strings (mid 20th century)
  • Walter Leigh - concertino for harpsichord and strings (early 20th century)

Several other works feature the harpsichord as a solo instrument alongside others, including: Johann Sebastian Bach (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together almost all of the strands of the baroque style and brought it to its ultimate maturity. ... Thomas Augustine Arne (1710-March 5, 1778) was an English composer, best known for the popular patriotic song, Rule Britannia, which is still frequently sung, notably at the Last Night of the Proms; and also his musical settings of songs from the plays of William Shakespeare. ... Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (Weimar, March 8, 1714 – December 14, 1788) was a German musician and composer, the second son of Johann Sebastian Bach. ... Fortepiano designates the early version of the piano, as it existed from its invention by Cristofori around 1700 up to the early 19th century. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Philip Glass looks upon sheet music in a portrait taken by Annie Leibovitz. ... Henryk MikoÅ‚aj Górecki (born December 6, 1933) is a Polish composer of classical music. ... Frank Martin (September 15, 1890 – November 21, 1974) was a Swiss composer, who lived a large part of his life in the Netherlands, but always remained famous in Switzerland. ... The church tower where Martinů was born and lived his youngest years Bohuslav Martinů â–¶ (help· info) (born in Polička, December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer. ... Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (January 7, 1899 - January 30, 1963) was a French composer. ... The Concert champêtre is a harpsichord concerto by Francis Poulenc, which also exists in a version for Piano Solo. ... Roberto Gerhard (born September 25, 1896 in Valls, Catalonia; died January 5, 1970 in Cambridge, England), was a Catalan-born composer of classical music. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Amazon.com: Bach: Harpsichord Concertos 1: Music: Johann Sebastian Bach,Helmut Müller-Brühl,Christoph Anselm ... (239 words)
Bach: Harpsichord Concertos 3 ~ Johann Sebastian Bach
Bach: Concertos for Oboe and Oboe d'Amore ~ Johann Sebastian Bach
Harpsichord Concerto, A major, BWV 1055: Allegro ma non tanto
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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