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Encyclopedia > Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 1865.

Harpers Ferry, a town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, is situated on the banks of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers where the U.S. states of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia meet. Located at the bottom of the ravine created by the two rivers, it is thus nestled within the surrounding mountains. Historically, Harpers Ferry is best known for John Brown's raid on the Armory in 1859. As of the 2000 census, the town had a population of 307. Harpers Ferry 1865 Obtained from National Archives This is in the public domain. ... Harpers Ferry 1865 Obtained from National Archives This is in the public domain. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Shenandoah River Watershed Canoeing on the Shenandoah River, near Winchester, Virginia This article is about the river in Virginia in the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... John Brown John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was the first white American abolitionist to advocate and practice insurrection as a means to the abolition of slavery. ...


Harpers Ferry is located within Harpers Ferry National Historical Park and is also one of the few towns the Appalachian Trail directly passes through. Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ... The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a 2,174-mile (3,500-km)[2] marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. ...

Contents

History

Harpers Ferry, today
Harpers Ferry seen from Maryland side of Potomac river (2005)

Download high resolution version (2816x2120, 1447 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2816x2120, 1447 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1477x901, 1079 KB) Description: Harpers Ferry seen from Maryland side of Potomac River Source: Picture taken by Kevin Smith on May 7, 2005 from the overlook on the Maryland side of the Potomac River Photographer/Painter: Kevin Smith File links... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1477x901, 1079 KB) Description: Harpers Ferry seen from Maryland side of Potomac River Source: Picture taken by Kevin Smith on May 7, 2005 from the overlook on the Maryland side of the Potomac River Photographer/Painter: Kevin Smith File links...

Establishment

In 1751, Robert Harper was given a patent on 125 acres (0.5 km²) at the present location of the town. In 1761, Harper established a ferry across the Potomac making the town a starting point for settlers moving into the Shenandoah Valley and further west. In 1763, the Virginia General Assembly established the town of "Shenandoah Falls at Mr. Harper's Ferry."


On October 25, 1783, Thomas Jefferson visited Harpers Ferry. He viewed "the passage of the Patowmac though the Blue Ridge" from a rock which is now named for him. Jefferson was actually on his way to Philadelphia and passed through Harpers Ferry with his daughter Patsy. Jefferson called the site "perhaps one of the most stupendous scenes in nature.” George Washington as president of the Patowmack Company (which was formed to complete river improvements on the Potomac and its tributaries) traveled to Harpers Ferry during the summer of 1785 to determine the need for bypass canals. In 1794, Washington's familiarity with the area lead him to propose the site as the location for a new federal armory and arsenal. Some of Washington's family moved to the area; his great-great nephew, Col. Lewis Washington, was held hostage during John Brown's raid in 1859. October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first president of the United States under the U.S. Constitution. ... The Potomac Company (spelled variously as Potowmack, Potowmac, and Compony) was created in 1785 to make improvements to the Potomac River in order to improve its navigability. ... John Brown John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was the first white American abolitionist to advocate and practice insurrection as a means to the abolition of slavery. ...


In 1796, the United States government purchased a 125-acre parcel of land from the heirs of Robert Harper and, in 1799, construction began on the United States Armory and Arsenal at Harpers Ferry.[1] This was one of only two such facilities in the US, the other being Springfield, Massachusetts, and between them they produced most of the small arms for the US Army. The town was transformed into an industrial center; Between 1801 and its destruction in 1861 to prevent its capture during the Civil War, the Armory produced more than 600,000 muskets, rifles, and pistols. The inventor Captain John H. Hall pioneered the use of interchangeable parts in firearms manufactured at his Rifle Works at the Armory between 1820 and 1840; his M1819 Hall rifle was the first breech loading weapon adopted by the US Army. Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Harpers Ferry Armory, more formally the United States Armory and Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, located in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (then part of Virginia), was the second federal armory commissioned by the new United States government, the first being the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... This article is becoming very long. ... John H. Hall was born in 1781 in Portland, Maine. ... The M1819 rifle was a single-shot breech loading rifle formally adopted by the U.S. in 1819. ...


This industrialization continued in 1833 when the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal reached Harpers Ferry linking it with Washington, D.C. A year later, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad began train service through Harpers Ferry. Canal at Swains Lock The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, also known as the C&O Canal, operated from 1850 until 1924 parallel to the Potomac River in Maryland from Cumberland, Maryland to Washington, DC. The total length of the canal is about 184. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad or B&O was a 19th century railroad which operated in the east coast of the United States and was the first railroad to offer commercial transportation of both people and freight. ...


John Brown's raid

On October 16, 1859, the radical abolitionist John Brown led a small group of 22 men in a raid on the Arsenal. Five were black: three free blacks, one a freed slave, and one a fugitive slave. During this time assisting fugitive slaves was both illegal and unacceptable to most white communities. Brown attacked and captured several buildings; he hoped to use the captured weapons to initiate a slave uprising throughout the South. However, he and his men were quickly pinned down by local citizens and militia, and forced to take refuge in the engine house adjacent to the armory. October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Abolition is the act of formally destroying something through legal means, either by making it illegal, or simply no longer allowing it to exist in any form. ... John Brown John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was the first white American abolitionist to advocate and practice insurrection as a means to the abolition of slavery. ... Harpers Ferry Armory in 1862, with the Fort on the left Built in 1848, John Browns Fort was originally constructed for use as a guard and fire engine house for the United States Armory in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ...


On October 18, United States Marines were sent via train to Harpers Ferry.[2] Under the temporary command of U.S. Army Colonel Robert E. Lee, they stormed the fire house and killed or captured most of the raiders. Brown was tried for treason by the State of Virginia, convicted, and hanged in nearby Charles Town. Following the prosecution (by Andrew Hunter), "John Brown captured the attention of the nation like no other abolitionist or slave owner before or since." The failed raid was a catalyst for the American Civil War. October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ... In legal parlance, a trial is an event in which parties to a dispute present information (in the form of evidence) in a formal setting, usually a court, before a judge, jury, or other designated finder of fact, in order to achieve a resolution to their dispute. ... Traitor redirects here. ... See also Charleston, West Virginia or Charlestown Charles Town is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia USA. The population was 2,907 at the 2000 census. ... Andrew Hunter was the District Attorney for Charles Town, Virginia, who prosecuted John Brown for the raid on Harpers Ferry. ...


Civil War

The Civil War was disastrous for Harpers Ferry, which changed hands eight times between 1861 and 1865. Because of the town's strategic location on the railroad and at the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley, both Union and Confederate troops moved through Harpers Ferry frequently. The town's garrison of 14,000 Federal troops played a key role in the Confederate invasion of Maryland in September 1862. General Robert E. Lee did not want to continue on to Pennsylvania without capturing the town, which was on his supply line and would control one of his possible routes of retreat if the invasion did not go well. Dividing his army of approximately 40,000 into four sections, he used the cover of the mountains and sent three columns under Stonewall Jackson to surround and capture the town.[3] The Battle of Harpers Ferry started with light fighting September 13 to capture the Maryland Heights to the northeast while John Walker moved back over the Potomac to capture Loudon Heights south of town. After an artillery bombardment on September 14 and September 15, the Federal garrison surrendered. Lee, because of the delay and the movement of Federal forces west, was forced to regroup at the town of Sharpsburg, leading two days later to the fateful Battle of Antietam, and the bloodiest single day in American military history. When Virginia seceded in April of 1861 the US garrison attempted to burn the arsenal and destroy the machinery. Locals saved the equipment, which was later transferred to a more secure location in Richmond. Arms production never returned to Harpers Ferry. In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (traditional) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government Republic President... Confederate dead at Antietam The Maryland Campaign, or the Antietam Campaign, of September 1862 is widely considered one of the major turning points of the American Civil War. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ... For other uses of Stonewall Jackson, see Stonewall Jackson (disambiguation). ... Battle of Harpers Ferry Conflict American Civil War Date September 12-15, 1862 Place Jefferson County Result Confederate victory The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought during the American Civil War on September 12–15, 1862. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Sharpsburg is a town located in Washington County, Maryland. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders George B. McClellan Robert E. Lee Strength 87,000 45,000 Casualties 12,401 (2,108 killed, 9,540 wounded, 753 captured/missing) 10,316 (1,546 killed, 7,752 wounded, 1,018 captured/missing) The Battle of Antietam (also...


Shortly after the end of the Civil War, Harper's Ferry, along with all of both Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, was separated from Virginia and incorporated into West Virginia. The inhabitants of the counties as well as the Virginia legislature protested, but the federal government went ahead anyway, forming the West Virginia "panhandle" of today. Without the help of Harper's Ferry the North might have never won the war.


20th Century

1912 panorama

On August 15, 1906, the Niagara Movement, led by author and scholar W.E.B. DuBois, held its first meeting on American soil on the campus of Storer College, now part of Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. The three-day gathering, held to discuss how to secure civil rights for African Americans, was later described by DuBois as "one of the greatest meetings that American Negroes ever held." Attendees of the 1906 meeting walked from Storer College to the nearby farm of the Murphy family, then the site of the historic fort where John Brown's quest to free four million enslaved African Americans reached its bloody climax. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 128 pixelsFull resolution (3159 × 507 pixel, file size: 328 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Harpers Ferry, W. Va. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 128 pixelsFull resolution (3159 × 507 pixel, file size: 328 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Harpers Ferry, W. Va. ... Some members of the Niagara Movement in 1905 The Niagara Movement was founded in 1905 by a group of 32 African-Americans, led by W. E. B. Du Bois, John Hope, and William Monroe Trotter. ... W. E. B. Du Bois William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced ) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was a civil rights activist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar, and socialist. ... Storer College postcard (1910) Storer College was an historically black college located in Harpers Ferry in Jefferson County, West Virginia. ...


In 1944 most of the town became part of the National Park Service and it is now maintained as the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. The majority of the existing homes in Harpers Ferry (including Charmadoah) are very old, and some of these are registered in the National Register of Historic Places. The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ... Charmadoah is a Victorian manse located in Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, West Virginia within the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Rail transportation

See also: Harpers Ferry (Amtrak station)

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Harpers Ferry 2 times a day ( once in each direction ). The city's passenger rail station is located at the West Virginia end of the railroad bridge across the Potomac River. In addition about forty or fifty CSX freight trains pass through Harpers Ferry and over the bridge spanning the Potomac River. MARC: Other information Code HFY Traffic Passengers (2006) 3,315 11. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania...


Geography

Harpers Ferry is located at 39°19′31″N, 77°44′37″W (39.325398, -77.743599)GR1. Adapted from Wikipedias WV county maps by Seth Ilys. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²). 1.5 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (9.68%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 307 people, 153 households, and 89 families residing in the town. The population density was 211.7/km² (552.2/mi²). There were 189 housing units at an average density of 130.3/km² (339.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.90% White, 9.12% African American, 0.33% Native American, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The Hispanic world Hispanic (Spanish: Hispano) is a term denoting a derivation from Spain, its people and culture. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 153 households out of which 17.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.56. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the town the population was 17.3% under the age of 18, 2.0% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $52,344, and the median income for a family was $70,313. Males had a median income of $45,417 versus $22,708 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,638. About 3.2% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • Corporation of Harpers Ferry Website
  • HarpersFerryWV.net
  • Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
  • Harpers Ferry Main Street InfoCenter
  • Amtrak Station Stop, Harpers Ferry

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Maps and satellite imagery

  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 39.325398° -77.743599°
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.nps.gov/archive/hafe/armory.htm; Harpers Ferry NHP Armory and Arsenal; accessed 2007-04-05
  2. ^ http://www.marine969.com/johnbrown.htm
  3. ^ http://www.nps.gov/hafe/jackson.htm
Jefferson County, West Virginia
Municipalities

Bolivar | Charles Town | Harpers Ferry | Ranson | Shepherdstown Image File history File links Flag_of_West_Virginia. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Bolivar is a town located in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... See also Charleston, West Virginia or Charlestown Charles Town is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia USA. The population was 2,907 at the 2000 census. ... Corporation of Ranson, more frequently known as Ranson (the name of its post office), is a town located in Jefferson County, West Virginia. ... Shepherdstown is a town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. The population was 803 at the 2000 census. ...

Unincorporated communities

Bakerton | Bardane | Blair | Bloomery | Blue Ridge Acres | Browns Corner | Clips Mill | Duffields | Egypt | Engle | Franklintown | Halltown | Jamestown | Johnsontown | Kabletown | Kearneysville | Keyes Ferry Acres | Leetown | Mannings | Mechanicstown | Mechlenberg Heights | Meyerstown | Middleway | Millville | Moler Crossroads | Mountain Mission | Reedson | Rippon | Riverside | Shannondale | Shenandoah Junction | Silver Grove | Skeetersville | Summit Point | Uvilla | Wheatland Bakerton is an unincorporated town on the Potomac River in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It is located along Bakerton Road between Shepherdstown and Harpers Ferry. ... Bardane is an unincorporated town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It is located on West Virginia Route 9 between Kearneysville and Shenandoah Junction. ... Blair is an unincorporated community on the Shenandoah River in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Blair lies along County Route 23. ... Bloomery is an unincorporated community on the Shenandoah River in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map from... Blue Ridge Acres is an unincorporated planned community on 427 acres of the Loudoun Heights of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. External links Blue Ridge Acres Community Website Blue Ridge Acres Civic Association Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Local or Yahoo! Maps... Browns Corner is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It lies at the crossroads of Leetown Pike and Wiltshire Road between Leetown and Charles Town. ... Clips Mill is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA Categories... Duffields is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA Categories: | | ... Engle is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA, originally known by the names of Millers Mill, Striders Crossing, Keller, and Engles Switch before its post offices name changed to Engle in 1910. ... Franklintown is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Franklintown is located near the Clarke County, Virginia border on County Route 340/1. ... Halltown is an unincorporated community along Flowing Springs Run in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Halltown is located off of US 340 on West Virginia Route 230 between Charles Town and Bolivar. ... Jamestown is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Jamestown lies near the Clarke County, Virginia border on County Route 2 southwest of Summit Point. ... Johnsontown is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia. ... Kabletown is an unincorporated town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. The town lies along Bullskin Run near the Shenandoah River on Kabletown Road (County Route 25). ... Kearneysville is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... Keyes Ferry Acres is an unincorporated planned community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Keyes Ferry Acres lies to the south of Blue Ridge Acres on the Loudoun Heights of the Blue Ridge Mountains. ... Leetown is an unincorporated town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It lies along County Route 1 at its junction with Leetown Pike. ... Mannings is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Mannings lies along West Virginia Route 9 on the western flanks of the Blue Ridge Mountains near the Virginia state line. ... Mechanicstown is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Mechanicstown lies on West Virginia Route 9 at its intersection with County Routes 25 and 9/3. ... Mechlenberg Heights is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Mechlenberg Heights lies to the west of Shepherdstown along West Virginia Route 45. ... Meyerstown is an unincorporated community near the Shenandoah River in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Meyerstown lies at the crossroads of Kabletown Road (County Route 25) with County Routes 21 and 25/5. ... Middleway is an unincorporated town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It was established in 1714. ... Millville is an unincorporated town on the Shenandoah River in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. According to the Geographic Names Information System, Millville has also been known as Keyes Switch, Keyes Switch, and Milville. ... Moler Crossroads is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Bethesda United Methodist Church Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map... Mountain Mission is an unincorporated community on West Virginia Route 9 in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Mountain Mission lies between the Shenandoah River and the community of Mannings. ... Reedson is an unincorporated community on West Virginia Route 230 in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map... Rippon is an unincorporated hamlet in Jefferson County, West Virginia south of Charles Town. ... Riverside is an unincorporated community on the eastern banks of the Shenandoah River in southern Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial... Shannondale is an unincorporated planned community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Shannondale is nestled between the Shenandoah River and the Blue Ridge. ... Shenandoah Junction is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... Silver Grove is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Silver Grove lies between the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park along the Shenandoah River and the Loudoun Heights of the Blue Ridge. ... Skeetersville is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA Categories: | | ... Summit Point is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. It lies along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at the intersection of County Route 1 and Summit Point Pike. ... Uvilla is an unincorporated community on West Virginia Route 230 in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Maps and aerial photos Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia Topographic map from TopoZone Aerial image or topographic map... Wheatland is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. Wheatland lies along Bullskin Run on the Berryville Pike (U.S. Highway 340) at its junction with County Route 340/2. ...

Parks and natural features

Blue Ridge Mountains | Harpers Ferry National Historical Park | Opequon Creek | Potomac River | Shenandoah River | Virginius Island Blue Ridge Mountains, Shining Rock Wilderness Area Appalachian Mountain system The Blue Ridge is a mountain chain in the eastern United States, part of the Appalachian Mountains, forming their eastern front from Georgia to Pennsylvania. ... Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ... Opequon Creek is a tributary of the Potomac River. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Shenandoah River Watershed Canoeing on the Shenandoah River, near Winchester, Virginia This article is about the river in Virginia in the United States. ... Virginius Island is an island on the Shenandoah River in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ...

The Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia
Counties

Berkeley | Grant | Hampshire | Hardy | Jefferson | Mineral | Morgan | Pendleton Image File history File links EasternPanhandleWV.PNG Summary The counties of the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia colored in green. ... Eastern panhandle The Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia is a narrow stretch of territory in the northeast of the state, bordering Maryland and Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Berkeley County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Grant County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Hardy County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Mineral County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Morgan County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Pendleton County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ...

Communities

Bayard | Berkeley Springs | Bolivar | Capon Bridge | Carpendale | Charles Town | Elk Garden | Franklin | Harpers Ferry | Hedgesville | Keyser | Martinsburg | Moorefield | Paw Paw | Petersburg | Piedmont | Ridgeley | Romney | Shepherdstown | Wardensville List of communities in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Bayard is a town located in Grant County, West Virginia. ... Bath (Berkeley Springs) is a town in Morgan County, West Virginia. ... Bolivar is a town located in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... Capon Bridge is a town located in Hampshire County, West Virginia along the Northwestern Turnpike (US 50) west of Winchester. ... Carpendale is a town in Mineral County, West Virginia, United States, and part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 954 at the 2000 census. ... See also Charleston, West Virginia or Charlestown Charles Town is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia USA. The population was 2,907 at the 2000 census. ... Elk Garden is a town located in Mineral County, West Virginia. ... Franklin is a town located in Pendleton County, West Virginia. ... Hedgesville is a town in Berkeley County in the U.S. state of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... Keyser is a city in and the county seat of Mineral CountyGR6, West Virginia, United States. ... Martinsburg is a city located in Berkeley County, West Virginia. ... Moorefield is a town in Hardy County, West Virginia, USA. Moorefield is the county seat of Hardy County. ... Paw Paw is a town located in Morgan County, West Virginia. ... Petersburg is a city located in Grant County, West Virginia. ... Piedmont is a town located in Mineral County, West Virginia. ... Ridgeley is a town in Mineral County, West Virginia, United States, and part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 762 at the 2000 census. ... Romney is a city in Hampshire County, West Virginia, United States of America. ... Shepherdstown is a town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. The population was 803 at the 2000 census. ... Wardensville is a town in Hardy County, West Virginia, United States. ...

Attractions

Appalachian National Scenic Trail | Berkeley Springs State Park | Cacapon Resort State Park | Cacapon River | Capon Springs | Charles Town Races & Slots | Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park | Fort Ashby | Fort Mill Ridge Civil War Trenches | George Washington National Forest | Harpers Ferry National Historical Park | Indian Mound Cemetery | Jennings Randolph Lake | Lost River | Lost River State Park | Monongahela National Forest | Mount Storm Lake | Northwestern Turnpike | Potomac River | Potomac State College | Seneca Rocks | Shenandoah River | Shepherdstown National Historic District | Shepherd University | Sleepy Creek Lake | Smoke Hole Caverns | South Branch Potomac River | Spruce Knob | Summit Point Motorsports Park | The Trough | Trout Pond | Tuscarora Trail | Washington Heritage Trail The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail, is a 2,174 mile (3500 km) marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, running from Springer Mountain in Georgia to Mt. ... Berkeley Springs State Park is a state park located in the center of Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. ... Cacapon Resort State Park received its name from being located in the shadows of the wide expanse of Cacapon Mountain. ... The Cacapon River, located in the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle region, is a beautiful and scenic river known for its outstanding fishing, boating, wildlife, and scenery. ... Capon Springs, West Virginia, is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Charles Town Races & Slots is a private gambling facility located in West Virginia. ... The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park is a National Park Service_managed National Historical Park in northern Maryland that was established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1961. ... Fort Ashby Fort Ashby is located in Fort Ashby, West Virginia. ... The Fort Mill Ridge Civil War Trenches are battle trenches originally dug between 1861 and 1862 and lined with chestnut logs by the Confederate artillery during the American Civil War to defend the approaches to Romney on the Northwestern Turnpike and the South Branch Potomac River. ... The George Washington and Jefferson National Forests are U.S. National Forests that combine to form one of the largest areas of public land in the Eastern United States They cover 1. ... Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. ... Indian Mound Cemetery Indian Mound Cemetery is a cemetery located along the Northwestern Turnpike (US 50) on a bluff overlooking the South Branch Potomac River in Romney. ... Jennings Randolph Lake is a constructed lake located on the North Branch Potomac River in Garrett County, Maryland and Mineral County, West Virginia approximately eight miles upstream of Bloomington, Maryland, and approximately five miles north of Elk Garden, West Virginia. ... The Lost River is located in the Appalachian Mountains of Hardy County in West Virginias Eastern Panhandle region. ... Lost River State Park Lost River State Park is an array of recreational facilities located in Hardy County, West Virginia four miles west of WV 259 near the community of Mathias. ... The Monongahela National Forest is a national forest located in eastern West Virginia, within the portion of the Allegheny Mountains that includes the Allegheny Front and the western portion of the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians. ... Mount Storm Lake (New Stony River Reservoir) is a 1,200 acre (4. ... Elevation cross-section of US 50 between Romney and Gormania, WV US 50 follows the Northwestern Turnpikes path. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Potomac State College of West Virginia University is the states only residential junior college. ... Seneca Summit Seneca Rocks is a large crag and local landmark in Pendleton County in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, USA. It is easily visible and accessible along West Virginia Route 28 in the Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area. ... Shenandoah River Watershed Canoeing on the Shenandoah River, near Winchester, Virginia This article is about the river in Virginia in the United States. ... Shepherdstown is a town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, USA. The population was 803 at the 2000 census. ... Shepherd University, formerly Shepherd College, is an American university in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. ... Sleepy Creek Lake is a 205 acre impoundment of the Meadow Branch of Sleepy Creek in Berkeley County in West Virginias Eastern Panhandle. ... Smoke Hole Caverns are a system of picturesque caverns in West Virgina. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Summit Point Motorsports Park logo. ... The Trough is a natural landmark located in the Alleghany Mountains of Hampshire and Hardy Counties in West Virginias Eastern Panhandle region. ... Trout Pond is the U.S. State of West Virginias only natural lake, located near Wardensville in Hardy County. ... The Tuscarora Trail is a hiking trail that splits off from the Appalachian Trail in West Virginia, passing through Virginia and Maryland, then rejoining the Appalachian Trail in Pennsylvania. ... The Washington Heritage Trail is a 127-mile self-guided driving trail through the easternmost counties of West Virginias Eastern Panhandle: Berkeley, Jefferson, and Morgan. ...

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Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (763 words)
Harpers Ferry and Bolivar are wedged between the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers and bounded on the west by Bolivar Heights.
Situated on the Maryland side of the river, the canal connected the ferry with markets in Washington, D.C. A year later, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad arrived and with it the final piece in a political-economic network that made Harpers Ferry and the recently founded community of Bolivar important to the nation's future.
He saw the ferry as the place to capture arms with which to equip an army and free the slaves of the Deep South.
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (763 words)
Harpers Ferry and Bolivar are wedged between the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers and bounded on the west by Bolivar Heights.
Situated on the Maryland side of the river, the canal connected the ferry with markets in Washington, D.C. A year later, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad arrived and with it the final piece in a political-economic network that made Harpers Ferry and the recently founded community of Bolivar important to the nation's future.
He saw the ferry as the place to capture arms with which to equip an army and free the slaves of the Deep South.
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