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Encyclopedia > Harpenden
Harpenden

Harpenden shown within Hertfordshire
Population 30,000
OS grid reference TL135145
District St Albans
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HARPENDEN
Postcode district AL5
Dialling code 01582
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
European Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Hitchin and Harpenden
List of places: UKEnglandHertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°49′03″N 0°21′09″W / 51.8175, -0.3524 Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... The City and District of St Albans is a local government district, in Hertfordshire, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The AL postcode area, also known as the St Albans postcode area[1], is a group of ten postal districts in central Hertfordshire which are subdivisions of five post towns. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Hertfordshire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the county of Hertfordshire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The (Hertfordshire) fire and rescue service with 29 stations across the county they are : * Baldock and Letchworth Fire Station * Berkhamsted Fire Station * (Bishops Stortford Fire Station) * Borehamwood Fire Station * Buntingford Fire Station * Bushey Fire Station * Cheshunt Fire Station * Garston Fire Station * Harpenden Fire Station * Hatfield Fire Station * Hemel Hempstead Fire... Badge of the East of England Ambulance Service The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Hitchin and Harpenden is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in the ceremonial county of Hertfordshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Harpenden is a town in the City and District of St Albans of Hertfordshire in the South East of England. It lies on the A1081, north of St Albans. Harpenden's exceptionally high-performing schools and fast train links to the city of London and airports make it a popular and affluent commuter town. With an average house price of £500,000 and many properties selling for up to £3/4 million it is one of the most expensive places to live in the UK, outside of London.[citation needed] The City and District of St Albans is a local government district, in Hertfordshire, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... The A1081 road in England broadly follows and replaces the former route of the A6 south of Luton. ... , St Albans is the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles (35 km) north of central London. ...


The town's total population is just under 30,000.[1]

Contents

Geography and administration

There are two civil parishes: Harpenden and Harpenden Rural. A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Harpenden Rural is a civil parish in the City and District of St Albans in Hertfordshire, England, to the west of Harpenden parish itself. ...


Harpenden railway station is on a frequent and fast rail link to central London now served by First Capital Connect, having been served previously by Thameslink. Some trains stop at 'all stations' on the route, others stop at St Albans before continuing non-stop to London St Pancras International (Harpenden to St Pancras International - 25 minutes). Trains run north to Luton and on to Bedford. From London, the trains continue south to Brighton via Gatwick or Wimbledon and Sutton. The rail link therefore gives direct access to London Luton Airport (one stop north) and London Gatwick Airport (approx 1hr 10 m on a limited stops train). Harpenden railway station serves the town of Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... First Capital Connect is a train operating company in England that began its passenger operations on the National Rail network at 02:00 BST 1 April 2006. ... Thameslink is a fifty-station line in the British railway system running 225 km (140 miles) north to south across London from Bedford to Brighton through the Snow Hill tunnel. ... , St Albans is the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles (35 km) north of central London. ... St Pancras International is the terminus for Eurostar trains at St Pancras railway station, in the area of central London, between the new British Library building to the west and Kings Cross Station to the east. ... For other uses, see Luton (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English county town. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... , This article is about the district of London. ... , Sutton is the principal town in the London Borough of Sutton. ... London Luton Airport (IATA: LTN, ICAO: EGGW) (previously called Luton International Airport)[3] is an international airport located on the edge of the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England approximately north of London. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. ...


In common with much of the region, Harpenden is an area of extremely high property costs. Land Registry data suggests that the average house price in Harpenden in the 1st quarter of 2006 was £500,902 (against £287,277 for St Albans District generally, and £183,598 nationally). The data also indicates that an unusually high proportion of houses in Harpenden are owner occupied (81.4%, as opposed to 69.6% in the District generally, and 66.2% nationally).[2]


The River Lea flows through the Batford neighbourhood. The Nicky Line railway used to link Harpenden, Redbourn and Hemel Hempstead. It has since been converted to a path forming part of the National Cycle Network. The A6 used to run through Harpenden, the road numbering was changed to avoid congestion. The M1 runs nearby. Bow Creek (tidal) meets the Limehouse Cut (canal) with a view of Londons Docklands The River Lee or River Lea (both spellings are in general use) is a river in England. ... The Nicky Line (also sometimes spelled Nickey Line) is the local nickname for the railway that once linked the English towns of Hemel Hempstead and Harpenden via Redbourn. ... Redbourn is a village in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, roughly 5 miles from St Albans, Hemel Hempstead and Markyate, and 3 miles from Harpenden. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... The first section of the NCN to be built was the Bristol and Bath Railway Path, opened in 1984. ... This article is about the A6 road in England. ... The M1 motorway heading south towards junction 37 at Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ...


Harpenden has a large number of its streets named for English literary figures on the East side of the town (an area known, unsurprisingly, as the Poet's Corner), including Byron Road, Cowper Road, Kipling Way, Milton Road, Shakespeare Road, Shelley Court, Tennyson Road, Townsend Road and Wordsworth Road. Lord Byron redirects here. ... Portrait of William Cowper attributed to Romney. ... This article is about the British author. ... For other persons named John Milton, see John Milton (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (née Godwin) (30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English romantic/gothic novelist and the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and is one of the most popular English poets. ... Aurelian Townshend (sometimes Townsend) ( 1583 - 1643) was a seventeenth-century English poet and playwright. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ...


History

Harpenden grew out of Westminster Abbey's gradual clearing of woodland for farming and settlement within its Wheathampstead manor, granted by Edward the Confessor in 1060. A first reference to a parish church is in 1221 (where it is referred to as Harpendene) so it is inferred that the village grew up around then. The church of St Nicholas is the oldest church in the town, originally built as a Chapel of ease in 1217. St Edward the Confessor or Eadweard III (c. ... St Nicholas Church, Harpenden The church of St Nicholas is the oldest know church in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. ... A chapel of ease is a church building other than the main church of a parish which is more accessible to some parishoners than the main church. ...


Just beyond the southern edge of the town lies Nomansland Common (sometimes simply called "No Man's Land") upon which part of the Second Battle of St Albans were fought during the War of the Roses. Nomanland Common also saw the first annually contested steeplechase in England, in 1830 when it was organised by Thomas Coleman, and the last fight of nineteenth century bare-knuckle fighter, Simon Byrne. It was also the haunt of the highwaywoman known as "Wicked Lady". Nomansland common Nomansland Common (sometimes simply called No Mans Land) is an area of common land in Hertfordshire, England to the south of Harpenden and the south-west of Wheathampstead Nomansland Common, as its name implies, is extra-parochial, and was the source of frequent disputes between the monastery... Combatants House of York House of Lancaster Commanders Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick Margaret of Anjou Strength ~15,000 ~10,000 Casualties Unknown Unknown The Second Battle of St Albans was a battle of the English Wars of the Roses fought on February 17, 1461 near the town of St... The War or Wars of the Roses may refer to, or have been referred to by: The historical Wars of the Roses, the civil war that took place in Mediæval Britain between the House of York and the House of Lancaster. ... A steeplechase race The steeplechase is a form of horse racing (primarily conducted in the United Kingdom, United States, and Ireland) and derives its name from early races in which orientation of the course was by reference to a church steeple, jumping fences and ditches and generally traversing the many... The only known image of Simon Byrne, a poster advertising the match between Alexander McKay (left) and Simon Byrne (right). ... The sign at the Wicked Lady public house, next to Nomansland Common Lady Katherine Fanshaw (née Ferrers) (4 May 1634 - c. ...


Between 1848 and 1914 the common was a regular venue for horse racing. In his History of Hertfordshire in 1879, John Edwin Cussans commented "Notwithstanding that these meetings are under the most unexceptional patronage as regards the Stewards, yet for two days in the year all the London pickpockets, sharpers and blackguards who happen to be out of gaol are permitted to make Harpenden their own and to make travelling in a first-class carriage on the Midland Railway a danger to men and an impossibility to ladies."


A little-known industry of Harpenden was straw-weaving, a trade mainly carried out by women in the nineteenth century. A good straw weaver could make as much as a field labourer. The straw plaits were taken to the specialist markets in St Albans or Luton and bought by dealers to be converted into straw items such as boaters and other hats or bonnets.


The arrival of the railway from 1860 and the sale of farms for residential development after 1880 radically changed Harpenden's surroundings. It grew from a basically agricultural village into a town. The actress Ellen Terry lived in Harpenden from 1868 to 1874, with her architect lover Godwin, in a house he built called Pigeonwick. He commuted into London by train. Dame Ellen Terry, GBE (February 27, 1848 – July 21, 1928) was an English stage actress. ...


Harpenden's most prestigious contribution to history is Rothamsted Manor and Rothamsted Research (formerly Rothamsted Experimental Station and later the Institute of Arable Crops Research), a leading centre for agricultural research. In front of its main building, which faces the common, is a stone, erected in 1893, commemorating 50 years of experiments by Sir John Bennet Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert. Buildings near the manor house The Rothamsted Experimental Station, one of the oldest agricultural research institutions in the world, is located at Harpenden in Hertfordshire, England. ... Caricature from Vanity Fair, 8 July 1882 Sir John Bennet Lawes, 1st Baronet FRS (December 28, 1814–August 31, 1900) was an English entrepreneur and agricultural scientist. ... Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert (1817-1901) was an English chemist born at Hull on the 1st of August 1817. ...


Lawes inherited the family estate in 1834. Acknowledged as "the father of agricultural science", his early field experiments on Hertfordshire farms led him to patent a phosphate fertiliser, the sales of which enriched him immensely. With the proceeds, he established the experimental station, building laboratories in the 1850s. The station continued the development of the artificial fertilisers on which most modern farmers now depend. Some of the long-term 'classical field experiments' begun by Lawes and Gilbert remain in place to this day, representing a unique resource for agricultural and environmental research.


Parks and commons

Harpenden common

One notable feature of Harpenden is its abundant parks and commons. The central area of Harpenden, known locally as "the village" is characterised by Church Green, Leyton Green and the High Street Greens, which give the town its provincial feel. Image File history File linksMetadata Harpenden_common. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Harpenden_common. ... In England and Wales, a common is a piece of land over which other people -- often neighbouring landowners -- could exercise one of a number of traditional rights, such as allowing their cattle to graze upon it. ...


Just to the south of the town centre is Harpenden common, stretching from the shops in the town centre for more than a mile to the south, encompassing a total of 238 acres.


In addition the town has large green public spaces available in Rothamsted Park, Batford park, Kinsbourne Green, Lydekker park and the Nicky line which bisects the town. Rothamsted park is a 56 acre park in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. ... Lydekker Park, Harpenden Lydekker park is a three acre park in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. ... The Nicky Line (also sometimes spelled Nickey Line) is the local nickname for the railway that once linked the English towns of Hemel Hempstead and Harpenden via Redbourn. ...


Just to the south of Harpenden is the large expanse of Nomansland common. Nomansland common Nomansland Common (sometimes simply called No Mans Land) is an area of common land in Hertfordshire, England to the south of Harpenden and the south-west of Wheathampstead Nomansland Common, as its name implies, is extra-parochial, and was the source of frequent disputes between the monastery...


Twinning

Harpenden is twinned with: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire is a commune of the Nièvre département, in France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Alzey is a town of 18,111 inhabitants (2002) in Germany. ...

Miscellany

Buildings near the manor house The Rothamsted Experimental Station, one of the oldest agricultural research institutions in the world, is located at Harpenden in Hertfordshire, England. ... Sir John Lawes School is a secondary school located in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK). ... Roundwood Park School is a secondary school situated in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, UK. Built in 1956, the school just celebrated its golden jubilee. ... St Georges School, Harpenden was originally sited in Keswick, in the Lake District and was run by the headmaster, Rev. ... Youth With A Mission (YWAM, generally pronounced as wye-wam) is an international, inter-denominational, non-profit Christian missionary organization founded in 1960 by Loren Cunningham and his wife Darlene. ... Official NCH logo NCH (formerly National Childrens Home) is a United Kingdom-based charity providing services for children. ...

Notable residents

Andy Farrell OBE, also known as Faz, is an English rugby league and rugby union player. ... This article is about the British sitcom. ... Robot Wars was a US based robot competition from 1994-1997, and is a British game show broadcast on BBC Two from 1997 until 2002, with a final series broadcast on Five in 2003. ... Craig Charles as Dave Lister Craig Charles (born July 11, 1964 in Liverpool, England) is an English actor, stand up comedian, author, poet, and radio and television presenter, best known for playing Dave Lister in the British cult-favourite sci-fi sitcom Red Dwarf. ... Ralph Nicholas Chubb (8 February 1892 - 14 January 1960) was a British poet, printer, and artist. ... Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy (December 16, 1847–May 21, 1923 ) was French traitor, who served as a spy for Germany. ... The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal with anti-Semitic overtones which divided France from the 1890s to the early 1900s. ... Harold Scott MacDonald Donald Coxeter (February 9, 1907 - March 31, 2003) is regarded as one of the great geometers of the 20th century. ... St Georges School, Harpenden was originally sited in Keswick, in the Lake District and was run by the headmaster, Rev. ... Matt Dickinson is a film-maker and writer who specialises in the wild places and people of the world. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in Holloway, north London. ... This article is about the footballer. ... Andrew Andy Linighan (born June 18, 1962) is a former English football player. ... Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher, FRS (17 February 1890 – 29 July 1962) was an English statistician, evolutionary biologist, and geneticist. ... Buildings near the manor house The Rothamsted Experimental Station, one of the oldest agricultural research institutions in the world, is located at Harpenden in Hertfordshire, England. ... Martin Gore (born Martin Lee Gore, 23 July 1961, Basildon, Essex, England) is an English songwriter, lyricist, singer, guitarist and keyboardist. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... Dame Ellen Terry, GBE (February 27, 1848 – July 21, 1928) was an English stage actress. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... The manor house. ... Henry Lawson, circa 1902 Henry Lawson[1] (17 June 1867 - 2 September 1922) was an Australian writer and poet. ... John Eric Bartholomew OBE (May 14, 1926 – May 28, 1984), better known by his stage name, Eric Morecambe was an English comedian who together with Ernie Wise, formed the double act Morecambe and Wise. ... Luton Town F.C. are an English football team based in the town of Luton in Bedfordshire. ... St Nicholas Church, Harpenden The church of St Nicholas is the oldest know church in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. ... Albert Moses, a UK based Sri Lankan actor, started acting over 30 years ago in India where he appeared in 7 films. ... Mind Your Language is a British comedy television series originally shown on ITV between 1977 and 1979. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in Gurmukhī, Panjābī in Shāhmukhī) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Soccer redirects here. ... John Walker Motson OBE (born 10 July 1945, Salford, Lancashire), known as Motty, is an English football commentator. ... Sir Timothy Miles Bindon Rice (born 10 November 1944) is an English Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Tony Award and Grammy Award winning lyricist, author, radio presenter and television gameshow panelist. ... Aldwickbury prep school, Hertfordshire Aldwickbury School is an independent all boys preparatory school located on the outskirts of Harpenden, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. ... Christopher Strauli (born Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England, April 13th 1946) is a British actor. ... Only When I Laugh is a British television sitcom made by Yorkshire Television for ITV between 1979 and 1982. ... Richard Youngs Richard Youngs is a highly prolific and diverse musician. ... People who may be referred to as Ken Brown include: President of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution: Kenneth P. Brown, Jr. ... Frank Ifield (born November 30, 1937) is an Australian/English easy listening country music singer. ... Guy Johnston is a young cellist. ... BBC Young Musician of the Year is a televised competition for British keyboard, percussion, string, brass and woodwind players, under 18 years old. ...

Sport

Harpenden is home to various sports clubs. Just a selection are listed below:

Harpenden Town Football Club is a football club based in Harpenden, in Hertfordshire, England. ... Harpenden Rugby Football Club is a rugby club based in Harpenden. ... Harpenden Dolphins Cricket Club is small friendly old style village cricket team. ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Hertsdirect.org, however, other sources suggest that the population is either higher,[1] or lower.[2]
  2. ^ Source. Part of the discrepancy is explained by the "top-heavy" nature of the Harpenden property market, which has a disproportionately high level of detached houses (40.8% in Harpenden, against a national average of 22.8%) and a disproportionately low level of flats (16.5% in Harpenden, against 19.2% nationally) and, slightly perplexingly, significantly fewer terraced houses (15.4% in Harpenden, against a national average of 26.0%).

External links

  • Harpenden Town Council
  • Harpenden Village Site
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Harpenden

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Harpenden CC - Play-Cricket - (788 words)
Our website will give you an insight into Harpenden Cricket Club including details of membership, fixtures, cricket and leisurewear, social events, and other news, as well as links to our sponsors and other interesting websites.
Harpenden Cricket Club was established in 1863 and we have played on Harpenden Common since that date.
Harpenden CC - Under 15 II : 77.78%
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