FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Harp" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Harp
Harp
Classification

String instrument (plucked) Look up harp in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (482x601, 54 KB) This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... Jazz bass is played almost exclusively in pizzicato. ...

Playing range
(modern pedal harp)
Related instruments

The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. All harps have a neck, resonator and strings. Some, known as frame harps, also have a forepillar; those lacking the forepillar are referred to as open harps. Depending on its size (which varies considerably), a harp may be played while held in the lap or while stood on the floor. Harp strings can be made of nylon (sometimes wound around copper), gut (more commonly used than nylon), wire, or silk. A person who plays the harp is called a harpist or a harper. Folk and Celtic musicians often use the term "harper," whereas classical/pedal musicians use "harpist." In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... Miniature of an Ottoman çeng The çeng is a Turkish harp. ... Female musician playing 14-string konghou, from ancient Chinese engraving The konghou (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an ancient Chinese harp. ... “Lyres” redirects here. ... A string instrument (also stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... The sounding board is the largest part of a string musical instruments body. ... A resonator is a device or part that vibrates (or oscillates) with waves. ... The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... For other uses of this word, see nylon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Catgut is the name applied to cord of great toughness and tenacity prepared from the intestines of sheep/goat, or occasionally from those of the hog, horse, mule, pig, and donkey. ... For other uses, see Wire (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ...


Various types of harps are found in Africa, Europe, North, and South America, and a few parts of Asia. In antiquity harps and the closely related lyres were very prominent in nearly all musical cultures, but they lost popularity in the early 19th century with Western music composers, being thought of primarily as a woman's instrument after Marie Antoinette popularised it as an activity for women. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... “Lyres” redirects here. ... Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ...


The aeolian harp (wind harp), the autoharp, and all forms of the lyre and Kithara are not harps because their strings are not perpendicular to the soundboard; they are part of the zither family of instruments along with the piano and harpsichord. In blues music, the Harmonica is called a "Blues harp" or "harp", but it is a free reed wind instrument, not a stringed instrument. Aeolian harp in the old castle of Baden Baden, from an article in Scientific American Supplement, No. ... An Autoharp The Autoharp is a musical string instrument having a series of chord bars attached to dampers which, when depressed, mute all the strings other than those that form the desired chord. ... “Lyres” redirects here. ... The kithara was an ancient Greek musical instrument. ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... ...

Contents

Origins

An ancient Egyptian harp on display in the British Museum.

Harps were most likely independently invented in many parts of the world in remote prehistory. It is often said that the harp's origins may lie in the sound of a plucked hunter's bow string; the converse is equally possible. A type of harp called a 'bow harp' is nothing more than a bow like a hunter's, with a resonating vessel such as a gourd fixed somewhere along its length. To allow a greater number of strings, harps were later made from two pieces of wood attached at the ends: this type is known as the 'angle harp'. An ancient Egyptian harp on display in some UK museum (family snapshot). ... An ancient Egyptian harp on display in some UK museum (family snapshot). ... Archaeological evidence indicates that a distinct culture was developing in the Nile valley from before 5000 BC. What is now called the Pharaonic Period is dated from around 3100 BC, when Egypt became a unified state, until its survival as an independent state ceased in 332 BC, with its conquest... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... This article is about the projectile weapon bow. ...


The oldest depictions of harps without a forepillar are from 4000 BCE in Egypt[citation needed](see Music of Egypt) and 3000 BCE in Persia (see Music of Iran)[citation needed]. While most English translations of the Bible feature the word 'harp', especially in connection with King David, the Hebrew word is actually kinnor, a type of lyre with 10 strings and not a harp at all. Musicians of Amun, Tomb of Nakht, 18th Dyn, Western Thebes. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... This page is about the Biblical king David. ... Kinnor is the Hebrew name for an ancient stringed instrument, the first mentioned in the Bible (Gen. ... “Lyres” redirects here. ...


Development and history in Europe

A medieval European harp (the Wartburg harp) with buzzing bray pins.

Angle harps and bow harps continue to be used up to the present day. In Europe however a further development took place: adding a third structural member, the pillar, to support the far ends of the arch and sound box. The 'Triangular Frame harp' is depicted in manuscripts and sculpture from about the 8th century CE, especially in North-West Europe, though specific nationalistic claims to the invention of the triangular frame harp cannot be substantiated.


European harps in medieval and Renaissance times usually had bray pins fitted to make a buzzing sound when a string was plucked. By the baroque period in Italy and Spain more strings were added to allow for chromatic notes; these were usually in a second line of strings. At the same time single-row diatonic harps continued to be played. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ...


In Germany in the second half of the 17th century, diatonic single-row harps were fitted with manually-turned hooks which fretted individual strings to raise their pitch by a half step. In the 1700s, a link mechanism was developed connecting these hooks with pedals, leading to the invention of the single-action pedal harp. Later, a second row of hooks was installed along the neck to allow for the double-action pedal harp, capable of raising the pitch of a string by either one or two half steps. The idea was even extended to triple-action harps but these were never common. The double-action pedal harp remains the normal form of the instrument in the Western classical orchestra.


South America

In South America, there are Mexican, Andean, Venezuelan, and Paraguayan harps. They are derived from the Baroque harps that were brought from Spain during the colonial period. They have a wide and deep soundbox which tapers to the top. Like Baroque harps but unlike modern Western harps they do not stand upright when unattended. The Paraguayan harp, Paraguay's national instrument, is the most popular in South America. It has about 36 strings. Its spacing is narrower and tension lighter than that of modern Western harps. It is played mostly with the fingernails. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ...


Africa

There are many different kinds of harp in Africa. They do not have forepillars and so are either bow harps or angle harps. As well as true harps such as Mauritania's ardin, there are a number of instruments that are difficult to classify, often being labelled harp-lutes. Another term for them is spike harps. The West African kora is the best known. The strings run from a string arm to a 'spike' and the resonating chamber is attached to the base of the spike. We dont have an article called Ardin ... The kora is a 21-string harp-lute used extensively by peoples in West Africa. ...


Asia

Sassanid mosaic excavated at Bishapur depicting player and a harp. Artifact is kept at The Louvre.

In Asia, there are very few harps today, though the instrument was popular in ancient times; in that continent, zithers such as China's guqin and Japan's koto predominate. However, a few harps exist, the most notable being Burma's saung-gauk, which is considered the national instrument in that country. There was an ancient Chinese harp called konghou; the name is used for a modern Chinese instrument which is being revived. Turkey had a harp called the çeng that has also fallen out of use.They have 9 strings Image File history File linksMetadata Bishapur_zan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bishapur_zan. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Ruins of Bishapur Sassanian relief, Bishapur Bishapur (or Bishâpûr) is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan, Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. ... This article is about the museum. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Japanese 13-stringed koto The koto (琴 or 箏) is a traditional Japanese stringed musical instrument derived from Chinese Guqins. ... The saung (also known as the saung-guak, or Myanmar harp, the countrys previous name was Burma) is a Burmese traditional musical instrument made of sixteen silk strings attached to a neck by red cotton tuning cords terminating in large tassels. ... Female musician playing 14-string konghou, from ancient Chinese engraving The konghou (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an ancient Chinese harp. ... Miniature of an Ottoman çeng The çeng is a Turkish harp. ...


Modern European and American instruments

Playing style of the European-derived instrument

Most European-derived harps have a single row of strings with strings for each note of the C Major scale (over several octaves). Harpists can tell which strings they are playing because all F strings are black or blue and all C strings are red or orange. The instrument rests between the knees of the harpist and along their right shoulder. The Welsh triple harp and early Irish and Scottish harps, however, are traditionally placed on the left shoulder (in order to have it over the heart). In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ... It is the Triple Harp which lays claim to the prime place in the history of the harp in Wales. ...


The first four fingers of each hand are used to pluck the strings; the little fingers are too short and cannot reach the correct position without distorting the position of the other fingers, although on some folk harps with light tension, closely spaced strings, they may occasionally be used. Also, the little finger is not strong enough to pluck a string. Plucking with varying degrees of force creates dynamics. Depending on finger position, different tones can be produced: a fleshy pluck (near the middle of the first finger joint) will make a warm tone, while a pluck near the end of the finger will make a loud, bright sound. “Fortissimo” redirects here. ...


Concert harp

Main article: Pedal harp

The concert harp is large and technically modern, designed for classical music and played solo, as part of chamber ensembles, and in symphony orchestras. It typically has six and a half octaves (46 or 47 strings), weighs about 80lb (36 kg), is approximately 6 ft (1.8 m) high, has a depth of 4 ft (1.2 m), and is 21.5 in (55 cm) wide at the bass end of the soundboard. The notes range from three octaves below middle C (or the D above) to three and a half octaves above, usually ending on G. Using octave designations, the range is C1 or D1 to G7. The pedal harp (also known as the concert harp) is large and technically modern harp, designed for classical music and played solo, as part of chamber ensembles, and in symphony orchestras. ...


The tension of the strings on the sound board is roughly equal to a ton (10 kilonewtons). The lowest strings are made of copper or steel-wound nylon, the middle strings of gut, and the highest of nylon. This is not to say that strings in the higher register are not produced in gut or that middle strings are not produced in nylon. The middle gut string and high nylon string setting is mainly because gut strings usually carry a higher price than nylon strings; they also fray and break more frequently than nylon strings. However, gut strings produce fuller sounds than nylon strings do. The strings in the higher register are thinner and break more frequently. In the case of a broken string, replacing it with the same type (gut or nylon) is recommended, for a change in the type can be noticeable. For example, in a sequence of strings such as gut-gut-nylon-gut-gut, the nylon string's sound may stand out from the gut strings' sounds. The kilonewton, symbol kN, is an SI unit of force. ... Register or registration may mean: Registration (or licensing) is required of a number of occupations and professions where maintenance of standards is required to protect public safety. ...


The concert harp is a pedal harp. Pedal harps use the mechanical action of pedals to change the pitches of the strings. There are seven pedals, each affecting the tuning of all strings of one letter-name, and each pedal is attached to a rod or cable within the column of the harp, which then connects with a mechanism within the neck. When a pedal is moved with the foot, small discs at the top of the harp rotate. The discs are studded with two pegs that pinch the string as they turn, shortening the vibrating length of the string. The pedal has three positions. In the top position no pegs are in contact with the string and all notes are flat; thus the harp's native tuning is to the scale of C-flat major. Note: This page needs to be cleaned up to be brought into conformance with the Manual of Style. ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... Figure 1. ... C flat major is a major scale based on C flat, consisting of the pitches C flat, D flat, E flat, F flat, G flat, A flat, B flat and C flat. ...


In the middle position the top wheel pinches the string, resulting in a natural, giving the scale of C major if all pedals are set in the middle position. In the bottom position another wheel is turned, shortening the string again to create a sharp, giving the scale of C-sharp major if all pedals are set in the bottom position. Many other scales, both diatonic and synthetic, can be obtained by adjusting the pedals differently from each other; also, many chords in traditional harmony can be obtained by adjusting pedals so that some notes are enharmonic equivalents of others, and this is central to harp technique. In each position the pedal can be secured in a notch so that the foot does not have to keep holding it in the correct position. C major (often just C or key of C) is a musical major scale based on C, with pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C. Its key signature has no flats/sharps (see below: Diatonic Scales and Keys). ... Figure 1. ... C# major is a major scale based on C#, consisting of the pitches C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, A#, B# (enharmonic to C natural) and C#. Its key signature consists of seven sharps. ... In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ...


This mechanism is called the double-action pedal system, invented by Sébastien Érard in 1810. Earlier pedal harps had a single-action mechanism that allowed strings to play sharpened notes. Lyon and Healy, Camac Harps, and other manufacturers also make electric pedal harps. The electric harp is a concert harp, with piezoelectric pickups at the base of each string and an amplifier. Electric harps can be a blend of electric and acoustic, with the option of using an amplifier or playing the harp just like a normal pedal harp, or can be entirely electric, lacking a soundbox and being mute without an amplifier. Sébastien Érard (born Sébastien Erhard, 5 April 1752 - 5th August 1831) was a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano. ... Lyon and Healy (founded in 1889) is one of the two major harp manufacturers in the world, with its headquarters in Chicago, Illinois. ... A Camac electro-acoustic pedal harp Camac Harps (Les Harpes Camac) is a French company that manufactures pedal (concert) harps, lever (folk) harps, and electric pedal and lever harps. ... Deborah Henson-Conant playing her electric harp. ...


Technique

Harp playing uses all of the fingers except for the little finger, which is generally too short and weak to effectively pluck a string. Most types of harp only require use of the hands, with the exception of the pedal (concert) harp, in which the feet are also used to operate foot pedals. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...


The Salzedo method, developed by Carlos Salzedo, uses expressive gestures, and the performer keeps their elbows parallel to the ground. The French method advocated by Marcel Grandjany does not use expressive gestures; the elbows are held at an angle, and the wrists may occasionally rest upon the soundboard. In both methods, the shoulders, neck, and back are relaxed. On the wire-strung clarsach, a "thumb under" technique is also used. Carlos Salzedo (1885-1961), harpist and composer, was born in Arcachon, France. ... Marcel Grandjany (September 3, 1891 - February 24, 1975) was a French-born American harpist and composer. ...


Baroque harp, as in other Baroque instrumental techniques, uses strong and weak articulation. The player only uses three fingers of each hand, and the thumb moves under the other fingers, rather than being held very high as in modern harp technique. The thumb and third fingers are "strong" fingers and the second finger is a "weak" finger. Scales are fingered with alternating strong and weak fingers - that is, a scale fingering could be either 1 2 1 2 1 2 or 3 2 3 2 3 2. In contrast, classical harp technique uses a fingering of 4 3 2 1 4 3 2 1 going up, and 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 going down.


Another approach to "thumb under" technique as described above is to place the thumb so that it passes over the second finger, rather than under it. There is equal evidence for both thumb over and thumb under playing techniques on historical harps.


In this second approach it is important to note that the fingers are placed on the strings halfway up the string from the soundboard. This may be as little as 5-8 inches on very lightly strung harps. If you begin by making a circle with your thumb and second finger, placing both the thumb and the second finger on the same string, open your thumb and place your thumb on the string above, also placing the third (and fourth – if you choose to use it) on the neighboring strings below the second finger. The fingertips placed on the strings should loosely form a straight line parallel to the soundboard of the harp.


Use in music

The harp is used sparingly in ballad (music), and most classical music, usually for special effects such as the glissando, arpeggios, and bisbigliando. It was commonly used on American pop music hits of the 1970's.[citation needed] Italian and German opera uses harp for romantic arias and dances, an example of which is Musetta's Waltz from La bohème. French composers such as Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel composed harp concertos and chamber music widely played today. In the 19th century, the French composer and harpist Nicolas-Charles Bochsa composed hundreds of pieces of all kinds (opera transcriptions, chamber music, concertos, operas, harp methods). Henriette Renié and Marcel Grandjany have composed many lesser-known solo pieces and chamber music. Modern composers utilize the harp frequently, but while the pedals on a concert harp allow many sorts of non-diatonic scales and strange accidentals to be played, some modern pieces call for impractical pedal manipulations. For other uses, see Ballad (disambiguation). ... Glissando (plural: glissandi) is a musical term that refers to either a continuous sliding from one pitch to another (a true glissando), or an incidental scale played while moving from one melodic note to another (an effective glissando). ... Various arpeggios as seen on a staff Notation of a chord in arpeggio In music, an arpeggio is a broken chord where the notes are played or sung in succession rather than simultaneously. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see La bohème (disambiguation). ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Maurice Ravel. ... Nicolas Bochsa, 1842 Robert Nicolas-Charles Bochsa (August 9, 1789 in Montmédy, Meuse, France, died January 6, 1856 in Sydney, Australia) was a musician and composer. ... Henriette Renié (1875-1956) was a harpist and composer. ... Marcel Grandjany (September 3, 1891 - February 24, 1975) was a French-born American harpist and composer. ...


Many passages for solo harp can be found in 19th century ballet music, which utilized the harp to a great extent in order to embellish the dancing of the ballerina. Elaborate cadenzas for harp were composed by Tchaikovsky for his ballets Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, and The Sleeping Beauty; as well as Alexander Glazunov for his score for the ballet Raymonda, which contains the variation titled Une fantaisie (a.k.a. Prélude et variations) which many modern conservatories utilize for the application and audition process. Maya Plisetskaya, prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet from 1943 to 1960 and prima ballerina assoluta from 1960 to 1990. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October 25, 1893 (O.S.)) was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... The Valse des cygnes from Act II of the Ivanov/Petipa edition of Swan Lake. ... The Nutcracker (Russian: , Shchelkunchik) Op. ... The Sleeping Beauty (Russian: , Spyashchaya Krasavitsa) is a ballet in a prologue and three acts, Opus 66, by Pyotr Tchaikovsky. ... Portrait by Ilya Repin, 1887. ... Natalia Bessmertnova as Raymonda and Gediminas Taranda as Abderakhman in the Grand Pas daction from the Bolshoi Ballets production of the Petipa/Glazunov Raymonda. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In particular, the scores of Riccardo Drigo contained many compositions for harp which were renowned in their day (found in such works as Le Talisman and Les Millions d'Arlequin), as well as Cesare Pugni, whose ballets Éoline, ou La Dryade and Ondine, ou la Naïad included music written for harp to accompany the ballerina's numerous variations and enhance the atmosphere of the ballet's many fantastical scenes. Riccardo Drigo, Circa 1900 Riccardo Eugenio Drigo (June 30, 1846 - October 1, 1930) was an Italian composer and conductor who spent many years working with the Saint Petersburg Imperial Ballet and Imperial Opera. ... Mathilde Kschessinskaya costumed as Niriti for the Grand Pas des Fleurs of Act II in Nikolai Legats revival of Petipas The Talisman, St. ... See also Commedia dellarte // The Harlequinade is a type of theatrical performance piece, usually a slapstick adaptation of the Commedia dellarte, which dates back to England in the mid 18th century. ... Maestro Cesare Pugni, London, circa 1843 Cesare Pugni (31 May 1802?, Genoa?, Italy — 26 January 1870, St. ... Ondine or The Naiad and the Fisherman is a ballet in Three acts, Five scenes. ...


See List of compositions for harp for the names of some notable pieces from the classical repertoire. The following is a non-exhaustive list of notable compositions for the harp. ...


Alan Stivell is a well-known crossover and Celtic harpist. He first recorded an EP record, "Musique Gaélique," in 1959, then an LP in 1964 called "Telenn Geltiek " (available in CD). Following these, he has released 21 other albums including his harps, from 1970 until now (the last one is "Explore" - 2006- ). He recorded also some albums specially dedicated to the harp: the famous "Renaissance of the Celtic Harp" (1972), "Harpes du Nouvel Age" (1985), and "Beyond Words" (2002). He helped to promote developments in Electro-acoustic and Electric harps. Alan Stivell at Lorient Alan Stivell (born Alan Cochevelou January 6, 1944) is a Breton musician from the town of Gourin. ... Electroacoustic music is a term given to a type of music which originated in the late 1940s, and early 1950s. ... Deborah Henson-Conant playing her electric harp. ...


In Hong Kong pop music, a recent work incorporating harp is the song Tian Shui Walled City(Chinese: 天水.圍城) performed by Hacken Lee with harp played by Korean jazz harpist Jung Kwak, aka Harpist K. Harpists active in jazz, free improvisation, folk music, world music, and "Celtic dream" music, include: Hacken Lee is a famous Cantopop singer in Hong Kong, mainland China, Taiwan, other parts of Southeast Asia and the United States for performing slow pop ballads. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the taste or inclination of the musician(s) involved; in many cases the musicians make an active effort to avoiding overt references to recognizable musical genres. ... Folk song redirects here. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ...

In the 1970's, a harp was common in popular music, and can be heard in such hits as Cher's Dark Lady and the intro of Gypsies, Tramps, and Thieves. Most often this was played by Los Angeles studio harpist Gayle Levant, who has played on hundreds of recordings. In current pop music, the harp appears relatively rarely. Joanna Newsom, Dee Carstensen and Habiba Doorenbos have separately established images as harp-playing singer-songwriters with signature harp and vocal sounds. Canadian singer-songwriter Sarah McLachlan plays the harp in her 2006 holiday album, Wintersong. Dorothy Ashby (born August 6, 1932 in Detroit, Michigan, died April 13, 1986 in Santa Monica, California) was an African American jazz harpist and composer. ... Máire Ní Bhraonáin, pronounced better known as Máire Brennan or Moya Brennan (born August 4, 1952, Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland), is a Grammy Award-nominated[2] Celtic folk singer and the first lady of Celtic music. ... Pearl Chertok was an internationally regarded harpist and composer for harp. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ... Toumani Diabate (born August 10, 1965) is a Malian kora player who has gained international acclaim for his music, which has been described as an eclectic mix of the traditional music of Mali, Jazz, and other influences. ... Deborah Henson-Conant and her Camac electric harp. ... Anne LeBaron (b. ... Joanna Newsom (born January 18, 1982) is an American harpist, pianist, harpsichordist, singer and songwriter from Nevada City, California. ... Zeena Parkins (born Detroit, MI) is a harpist active in rock music, free improvisation and jazz. ... Floraleda Sacchi Floraleda Sacchi (June 14, 1978) is an Italian harpist, composer and musicologist born in Como. ... Alan Stivell at Lorient Alan Stivell (born Alan Cochevelou January 6, 1944) is a Breton musician from the town of Gourin. ... Andreas Vollenweider (born October 4, 1953) is a Swiss musician. ... This article is about the entertainer. ... The Dark Lady is a woman referred to by William Shakespeare in a number of his sonnets. ... Joanna Newsom (born January 18, 1982) is an American harpist, pianist, harpsichordist, singer and songwriter from Nevada City, California. ... Dee Carstensen (born February 18, 1956 in Maryland) is a New York City-based Pop/alternative harpist, singer and songwriter. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy-winning Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Wintersong is a holiday album from Canadian singer/songwriter Sarah McLachlan, released on October 17, 2006. ...


A pedal harpist, Ricky Rasura, is a member of the "symphonic pop" band The Polyphonic Spree, and Björk sometimes features acoustic and electric harp in her work, often played by Zeena Parkins. Art in America was the first known rock band featuring a pedal harp to appear on a major record label, and released only one record, in 1983. The pedal harp was also present in the Michael Kamen and Metallica concert and album S&M as part of the San Francisco Symphony orchestra. Some Celtic-pop crossover bands and artists such as Clannad and Loreena McKennitt include folk harps, following Alan Stivell's work. The Polyphonic Spree is a self-described choral symphonic rock group from the Dallas, Texas area. ... This article is about the musician. ... Zeena Parkins (born Detroit, MI) is a harpist active in rock music, free improvisation and jazz. ... Michael Kamen (April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American composer (especially of film scores), orchestral arranger, orchestral conductor, song writer, and session musician. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... S&M is a live album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, recorded live with the San Francisco Symphony on April 21-22 of 1999. ... The San Francisco Symphony (SFS) is a leading orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... This article is about the Irish musical group. ... Loreena McKennitt live on stage Loreena McKennitt, C.M. (b. ... Alan Stivell at Lorient Alan Stivell (born Alan Cochevelou January 6, 1944) is a Breton musician from the town of Gourin. ...


Folk, lever, and Celtic instruments

Singersongwriter / Harpist / Storyteller Oona McOuat plays her Dusty Strings Celtic Harp at the Apple Festival on Salt Spring Island, BC
New Salem Village re-enactors playing Celtic harps

The folk harp or Celtic harp is small to medium-sized and usually designed for traditional music; it can be played solo or with small groups. It is prominent in Welsh, Breton, Irish, Scottish and other Celtic cultures within traditional or folk music and as a social and political symbol. Often the folk harp is played by beginners who wish to move on to the pedal harp at a later stage, or by musicians who simply prefer the smaller size or different sounds. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Harp is also a slang term for the diatonic harmonica. ... For the Jim Henson production, see The Storyteller Storytelling is the art of portraying in words, images, and sounds what has happened in real or imagined events. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x1200, 1223 KB) Summary Reenactors playing Celtic harps on the Hill-McNeil Store porch, New Salem, Illinois, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x1200, 1223 KB) Summary Reenactors playing Celtic harps on the Hill-McNeil Store porch, New Salem, Illinois, 2006. ... New Salem is the name of a former village in Menard County, Illinois in the United States. ... Reenactors of the American Civil War Historical reenactment is an activity in which participants recreate some aspects of a historical event or period. ...


The folk or lever harp ranges in size from two octaves to six octaves, and uses levers or blades to change pitch. The most common size has 34 strings: Two octaves below middle C and two and a half above (ending on A), although folk or lever harps can usually be found with anywhere from 19 to 40 strings. The strings are generally made of nylon, gut, carbon fiber or flourocarbon, or wrapped metal, and are plucked with the fingers using a similar technique to the pedal harp.


Folk harps with levers installed have a lever close to the top of each string; when it is engaged, it shortens the string so its pitch is raised a semitone, resulting in a sharped note if the string was a natural, or a natural note if the string was a flat. Lever harps are often tuned to the key of E-flat. Using this scheme, the major keys of E-flat, B-flat, F, C, G, D, A, and E can be reached by changing lever positions, rather than re-tuning any strings. Many smaller folk harps are tuned in C or F, and may have no levers, or levers on the F and C strings only, allowing a narrower range of keys. Blades and hooks perform almost the same function as levers, but use a different mechanism. The most common type of lever is either the Camac or Truitt lever although Loveland levers are still used by some makers.


One of the attendant problems with lever harps is the potential loss of quality when the levers are used. The Teifi semi tone developed by Allan Shiers is a development from traditional mechanisms and nips up the string with two forks similarly to a concert harp. The semi tone is double locking for a full clear sound and does not wear the string. It is machined from solid brass and hardened steel and is adjustable by an eccentric roller to suit any gauge of string. In addition, the whole unit can be moved up or down to affect perfect pitch and string alignment. The leaver arms are coloured for ease of note recognition and two sizes are made to suit treble, mid and bass. Alan Stivell, with his father Jord Cochevelou (who recreate the Breton Celtic harp), were at the origin of the revival of the Celtic harp (in the 50s). Alan Stivell at Lorient Alan Stivell (born Alan Cochevelou January 6, 1944) is a Breton musician from the town of Gourin. ...


Electric instruments

Amplified (electro-acoustic) and solid body electric lever harps are produced by some harpmakers such as Camac Harps Deborah Henson-Conant playing her electric harp. ... A Camac electro-acoustic pedal harp Camac Harps (Les Harpes Camac) is a French company that manufactures pedal (concert) harps, lever (folk) harps, and electric pedal and lever harps. ...


The Laser harp is also not a stringed instrument, it is a harp-shaped electronic instrument with laser beams where harps have strings. Jarre playing the laser harp A laser harp is an electronic musical instrument consisting of several laser beams to be blocked, in analogy with the plucking of the strings of a harp, in order to produce sounds. ...


Wire-strung instruments (cláirseach or clàrsach)

Main article: Clàrsach
The harper on the Monifeith Pictish stone, Scotland, 700 - 900 AD
Maedoc book-cover, Ireland, circa 1000 CE
The Scottish medieval clàrsach 'Queen Mary harp' 'Clàrsach Màiri Na Banrighe, (c.1400) [1] now in the Museum of Scotland, is a one of only three surviving medieval Gaelic harps.

The Gaelic word for a harp (Gaelic or otherwise) is cláirseach or cruit. The variant Scottish spelling clàrsach represents the same sounds as the standard Gaelic spelling and is commonly used in Scotland. A clàrsach, now in the Museum of Scotland. ... Image File history File links Monifeithpictishharper. ... Image File history File links Monifeithpictishharper. ... Image File history File links Maedoc. ... Image File history File links Maedoc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2035 KB) A celtic harp Photo taken at the Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Harp ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2035 KB) A celtic harp Photo taken at the Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Harp ... The Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, is a museum dedicated to the history, people and culture of Scotland. ... “Gael” redirects here. ... The harper on the Monifeith Pictish stone, Scotland, 700-900 AD The harper on the Dupplin Cross, Scotland, circa 800 AD This Scottish clàrsach, known as the Clàrsach Lumanach or Lamont Harp made in the western Highlands (c. ... A clàrsach, now in the Museum of Scotland. ...


The origins of the instrument go back at least to the first millennium. There are several stone carvings of harps from the 10th century, many of which have simple triangular shapes, generally with straight pillars, straight string arms or necks, and soundboxes. There is stone carving evidence that supports the theory that the harp was present in Gaelic/Pictish Scotland well before the 9th century.[2] A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ...


The harp was the most popular musical instrument in later medieval Scotland and Ireland and Gaelic poets portrayed their Pictish counterparts as very much like themselves.[3]

Scotland, because of her affinity and intercourse [with Ireland], tries to imitate Ireland in music and strives in emulation. Ireland uses and delights in two instruments only, the harp namely, and the tympanum. Scotland uses three, the harp, the tympanum and the crowd. In the opinion, however, of many, Scotland has by now not only caught up on Ireland, her instructor, but already far outdistances her and excels her in musical skill. Therefore, [Irish] people now look to that country as the fountain of the art.

The harp played by the Gaels of Scotland and Ireland between the 11th and 19th centuries was certainly wire-strung. The Irish Maedoc Book Shrine dates from the 11th century, and clearly shows a harper with a triangular framed harp including a "T-Section" in the pillar and the word Lamhchrann in Scottish Gaelic and Irish comes into use to indicate the bracing that would have been required to withstand the tension of a wire-strung harp. Giraldus Cambrensis (c. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


The Irish and Highland Harps by Robert Bruce Armstrong is an excellent book describing these ancient harps. There is historical evidence that the types of wire used in these harps are iron, brass, silver, and gold. Three pre-16th century examples survive today; the Trinity College harp in Ireland, and the Queen Mary and Lamont harps, both in Scotland. General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Brazen redirects here. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ireland. ... This article is about the country. ...


One of the largest and most complete collections of 17th century harp music is the work of Turlough O'Carolan, a blind, itinerant Irish harper and composer. At least 220 of his compositions survive to this day. Turlough OCarolan (Irish name Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin, 1670 - March 25, 1738) was a blind, itinerant Irish harper and composer whose great fame is due to his gifts for composition and verse. ...


Since the 1970s, the tradition has been revived. Alan Stivell's "Renaissance de la harpe celtique" (perhaps the best-seller harp album in the world), using mainly the bronze strung harp, and his tours, has brought the instrument into the ears and the love of many people. Ann Heymann has revived the ancient tradition and technique by playing the instrument as well as studying Bunting's original manuscripts in the library of Queens University, Belfast. Katie Targett-Adams ( KT-A) is currently leading the modern day crossover movement for the clarsach, performing to mainstream audiences across the globe, notably China. Other high profile players include Patrick Ball, Cynthia Cathcart, Alison Kinnaird, Bill Taylor, Siobhán Armstrong and others. Alan Stivell at Lorient Alan Stivell (born Alan Cochevelou January 6, 1944) is a Breton musician from the town of Gourin. ...


As performers have become interested in the instrument, harp makers ("luthiers") such as Jay Witcher, David Kortier, Ardival Harps, Joël Herrou and others have begun building wire-strung harps. The traditional wire materials are used, however iron has been replaced by steel and the modern phosphor bronze has been added to the list. The phosphor bronze and brass are most commonly used. Steel tends to be very abrasive to the nails. Silver and gold are used to get high density materials into the bass courses of high quality clàrsachs to greatly improve their tone quality. In the period, no sharping devices were used. Harpers had to re-tune strings to change keys. This practice is reflected by most of the modern luthiers, yet some allow provisions for either levers or blades. A luthier is someone who builds or repairs stringed instruments, ranging from guitars to violins. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ...


Multi-course

A multi-course harp is a harp with more than one row of strings. A harp with only one row of strings is called a single-course harp. Row may refer to: Row, an argument. ...

Double harp

A double-strung harp consists of two rows of diatonic strings one on either side of the neck. These strings may run parallel to each other or may converge so the bottom ends of the strings are very close together. Either way, the strings that are next to each other are tuned to the same note. Double-strung harps often have levers either on every string or on the most commonly sharped strings, for example C and F. Having two sets of strings allows the harpist's left and right hands to occupy the same range of notes without having both hands attempt to play the same string at the same time. It also allows for special effects such as repeating a note very quickly without stopping the sound from the previous note. Download high resolution version (772x1058, 120 KB)Double Harp, photograph by Erika Malinoski at HarpCon 2003, This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (772x1058, 120 KB)Double Harp, photograph by Erika Malinoski at HarpCon 2003, This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... In Music theory, the diatonic major scale (also known as the Guido scale), from the Greek diatonikos or to stretch out, is a fundamental building block of the European-influenced musical tradition. ...


A triple harp features three rows of parallel strings, two outer rows of diatonic strings, and a center row of chromatic strings. To play a sharp, the harpist reaches in between the strings in either outer row and plucks the center row string. Like the double-strung harp, the two outer rows of strings are tuned the same, but the triple-strung harp has no levers. This harp originated in Italy in the 16th century as a low headed instrument, and towards the end of 1600s it arrived in Wales where it developed a high head and larger size. It established itself as part of Welsh tradition and became known as the Welsh harp (telyn deires, "three-row harp"). The traditional design has all of the strings strung from the left side of the neck, but modern neck designs have the two outer rows of strings strung from opposite sides of the neck to greatly reduce the tendency for the neck to roll over to the left. It is the Triple Harp which lays claim to the prime place in the history of the harp in Wales. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... The chromatic scale is a scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone or half step apart. ... This article is about the country. ...

Cross-strung harp

The cross-strung harp consists of one row of diatonically tuned strings and another row of chromatic notes. These strings cross approximately in the middle of the string without touching. Traditionally the diatonic row runs from the right (as seen by someone sitting at the harp) side of the neck to the left side of the sound board. The chromatic row runs from the left of the neck to the right of the sound board. The diatonic row has the normal string coloration for a harp, but the chromatic row may be black. The chromatic row is not a full set of strings. It is missing the strings between the Es and Fs in the diatonic row and between the Bs and Cs in the diatonic row. In this respect it is much like a piano. The diatonic row corresponds to the white keys and the chromatic row to the black keys. Playing each string in succession results in a complete chromatic scale. Download high resolution version (578x1038, 84 KB)Cross harp. ... Download high resolution version (578x1038, 84 KB)Cross harp. ... Cross-strung harp The cross-strung harp is a multi-course harp that has two rows of strings which cross each other without touching. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ...


As a symbol

Political

See also: Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ireland, Coat of arms of Montserrat, and Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom

The harp has been used as a political symbol of Ireland for centuries. Its origin is from the time of Brian Boru, a famous 'High King' of the whole island of Ireland who played the harp. In Celtic society every clan would have a resident harp player who would write songs in honour of the leader. These were called Planxties. This evolved and would eventually be adapted as a symbol and representation of the Irish people, and under English occupation. It was used to symbolize Ireland in the Royal Standard of King James VI/I of Scotland, England and Ireland in 1603 and had continued to feature on all English, British and United Kingdom Royal Standards ever since, though the style of harp used differed on some Royal Standards. It was also used on the Commonwealth Jack of Oliver Cromwell, issued in 1649 and on the Protectorate Jack issued in 1658 as well as on the Lord Protector's Standard issued on the succession of Richard Cromwell in 1658. The harp is also traditionally used on the flag of Leinster. The Coat of arms of Ireland is blazoned as azure a harp or, stringed argent - a gold harp with silver strings on a St. ... Image of euro coinage. ... Irish euro coins all share the same design by the hand of Jarlath Hayes, that of the harp, a traditional symbol for Ireland since the Middle Ages, based on that of the Brian Boru Harp, housed in Trinity College, Dublin, and said to have once been owned by ancient High... The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ireland. ... Coat of Arms of Montserrat The Coat of Arms of Montserrat was first adopted in 1909. ... The Royal Arms as used in England, Wales and Northern Ireland The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom is the official coat of arms of the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity as monarch, and are officially... Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig (926 or 941[1]–23 April 1014) (known as Brian Boru in English) was High King of Ireland from 1002 to 1014. ... For other uses, see Clan (disambiguation). ... For other monarch’s standards, see Royal Standard (disambiguation). ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Commonwealth Jack was the flag of the Commonwealth of England which replaced the Kingdom of England in 1649. ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Protectorate Jack was the flag of the Protectorate of England from 1658 to 1660. ... Richard Cromwell (4 October 1626 – 12 July 1712) was the third son of Oliver Cromwell, and the second Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, for little over eight months, from 3 September 1658 until 25 May 1659. ... Statistics Area: 19,774. ...


From 1922 the Irish Free State continued to use a similar harp, facing left, as its state symbol on the Great Seal of the Irish Free State, featuring it both on the coat of arms and on the Presidential Standard and Presidential Seal - as well as on various other official seals and documents. This was based on the harp in the Library of Trinity College Dublin, which was badly restored in the 1840s. Since it was fully rebuilt in 1961, it is seen to be wider at the base of the soundbox but this has gone unnoticed by Irish officials.[5] The harp also appears on Irish coinage from the Middle Ages to the current Irish euro coins. This article is about the prior state. ... The Great Seal of the Irish Free State (Irish: Séala Mor do Shaorstát Éireann) was the official seal which replaced the Great Seal of the Realm used to seal official documents of the Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann) by the Governor-General. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: ) is the head of state of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... The Official Seal of the President of Ireland (Irish: Séala Oifigeamhail Uachtarán na hÉireann) was presented to the first President of Ireland, Douglas Hyde and every subsiquent president to be affixed to every ...order, commission, warrant, or other instrument. ... The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin or more commonly Trinity College, Dublin (TCD) was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... This version of the harp, on a 1990 Irish pound, has been on Irish coinage circulated from 1939 until 2000. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Irish euro coins all share the same design by the hand of Jarlath Hayes, that of the harp, a traditional symbol for Ireland since the Middle Ages, based on that of the Brian Boru Harp, housed in Trinity College, Dublin, and said to have once been owned by ancient High...


A South Asian version of harp known in Tamil as 'yaal', is the symbol of City of Jaffna, Sri Lanka, whose legendary root originates from a harp player. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Jaffna District. ...


Corporate

The harp is also used extensively as a corporate logo — both private and government organisations. For instance; Ireland's most famous drink, Guinness, also uses a harp, facing right and also less detailed than the state arms. This was the second London-registered trademark in the 1860s, but was not actually used until the 1870s, when it was placed on bottles of stout exported to Britain, in the hope that British consumers would associate the drink with wholesome Irish agricultural produce. It was adopted on Guinness products in Ireland from the 1890s, for a different reason; to remind supporters of the growing nationalist movement that Guinness was Irish.[6] A simplified harp was adopted in the 1990s. This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... Guinness logo Guinness is Good for You Irish language advertisement. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ...


Relatively new organizations also use the harp, but often modified to reflect a theme relevant to their organization, for instance; Irish airline Ryanair uses a modified harp, somewhat in the form of an angel taking flight, and the Irish State Examinations Commission uses it with an educational theme. In art, a motif is a repeated idea, pattern, image, or theme. ... Ryanair (ISEQ: RYA, LSE: RYA, NASDAQ: RYAAY) is an Irish airline headquartered in Dublin, with its biggest operational base at London Stansted Airport in the UK. It is Europes largest low-cost carrier and is one of the worlds largest and most successful airlines (whether in terms of... This article is about the supernatural being. ... The State Examinations Commission (Irish: Coimisiúin na Scrúduithe Stáit) is the organisation that replaced the Department of Education and Science, Examinations Branch by order of the Minister of Education. ...


Other organizations in Ireland use the harp, but not always prominently; these include the National University of Ireland and the associated University College Dublin, and the Gaelic Athletic Association. In Northern Ireland the Police Service of Northern Ireland and Queen's University of Belfast use the harp as part of their identity. The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ... University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin (UCD) - is Irelands largest university, with over 20,000 students. ... For other uses, see GAA (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Police Service of Northern Ireland (Irish: Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart na hÉireann) is the police service that covers Northern Ireland. ... The Queens University of Belfast (QUB) is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland; the university is often called Queens University Belfast. ...


External links

Mollie. "Auntie, don't cats go to heaven?"
Auntie. "No, my dear. Didn't you hear the Vicar say at the Children's Service that animals hadn't souls and therefore could not go to heaven?"
Mollie. "Where do they get the strings for the harps, then?"
Cartoon in Punch magazine 4 August 1920.
  • Harp Spectrum - general information about the harp
  • Clarsach.net - about the Gaelic harp of Ireland and the Scottish Highlands
  • earlygaelicharp.info - information about early Irish and Scottish harps
  • Asni: harp lore - descriptions of several types of historical European harps (with sound samples)
  • The Celtic Harp Page - information on Celtic and other types of harps
  • Video - short video showing the parts of the lever harp
  • My Harp's Delight - learning to play the Celtic harp, tips and techniques, buying a harp
  • Your harpist - Information on harps full with diagram and parts labeled.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1362x865, 139 KB) Mollie. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1362x865, 139 KB) Mollie. ... Punch was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire published from 1841 to 1992 and from 1996 to 2002. ...

References

  1. ^ Caldwell, D.H. (ed). Angels Nobles and Unicorns: Art and Patronage in Medieval Scotland. Edinburgh: NMS, 1982
  2. ^ The Origins of the Clairsach or Irish Harp. Musical Times, Vol. 53, No 828 (Feb 1912), pp 89-92.
  3. ^ Forsyth, "Evidence of a lost Pictish Source", pp. 27–28.
  4. ^ Gerald of Wales, Topographia Hibernica, 94; tr. John O’ Meary, The History and Topography of Ireland, (London, 1982).
  5. ^ Comerford R.V. Ireland (Arnold, London 2003) p265.
  6. ^ Dennison & McDonagh Guinness 1886-1939 (London 1992) passim.

Additional sources

  • The Anglo Saxon Harp, Spectrum, Vol. 71, No.2 (Apr., 1996), pp 290-320.
  • The Origins of the Clairsach or Irish Harp. Musical times, Vol. 53, No 828 (Feb 1912), pp 89-92.
  • Alasdair Ross discusses that all the Scottish harp figures were copied from foreign drawings and not from life, in 'Harps of Their Owne Sorte'? A Reassessment of Pictish Chordophone Depictions "Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies" 36, Winter 1998
  • Snyder's Medieval Art, 2nd ed, p32. Luttikhuizen and Verkerk
  • http://www.stams.strath.ac.uk/research/pictish/database.php?details=186.
    The Nigg stone is dated before the Utrecht Psalter and cannot have influenced the Pictish carvers to copy harp figures from the Ross study; date cited from Strathclyde University STAMS Pictish Stones Search Facility
  • Courteau, Mona-Lynn. "Harp". In J. Shepherd, D. Horn, D. Laing, P. Oliver and P. Wicke (Eds.), The Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 427-437.
  • Faul, Michel. "Nicolas Bochsa: harpiste, compositeur, escroc"; first biography (in French) of one of the most celebrated harpists in the XIXth century. Presented on http://bochsa.site.voila.fr
  • Latham, Alison (2002), The Oxford Companion to music, (Harpa) Oxford University Press p564.
  • Sacchi, Floraleda. "Elias Parish Alvars, Life, Music, Documents: annotated catalogue of his works for harp, piano, orchestra and voice", Odilia Publishing, 1999 - ISBN 3-9521367-1-9.
  • Ó Brógáin, Séamas, The Irish Harp Emblem, Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 1998; ISBN 0-86327-635-0
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Harp

Nicolas BOCHSA (Montmédy France 1789 - Sydney Australia 1856) was an extremely famous composer and harpist. ... Floraleda Sacchi Floraleda Sacchi (June 14, 1978) is an Italian harpist, composer and musicologist born in Como. ... Elias Parish Alvars (February 28, 1810, Teignmouth, England - January 25, 1849, Vienna) was an English harpist and composer. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sacred Harp Singing (225 words)
Sacred Harp singing is a non-denominational community musical event emphasizing participation, not performance.
The singing is not accompanied by harps or any other instrument.
This style of singing stems from singing schools in the colonial period.
SCS: Harp Seal (Phoca groenlandica) (3070 words)
All three harp seal populations are commercially hunted, usually on their breeding grounds, and the current hunt in Canada has been described as the "largest slaughter of marine mammals in the world".
The actual number of harp seals killed by the hunt each year is believed to be much higher than the official figures due to seals "struck and lost", as well as those not reported and those illegally killed.
Harp seals are subjected to intensive commercial hunting during the spring at both their West and East Ice breeding grounds, hunt quotas for these populations being jointly managed by Norway and Russia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m