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Encyclopedia > Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere

Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere (1868 - 1940) was a highly successful British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers. He is known in particular, with his brother Alfred Harmsworth, the later Lord Northcliffe, for the development of the London Daily Mail and Daily Mirror. He was a pioneer of popular journalism. 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Associated Newspapers is a subsidiary of Daily Mail and General Trust and publishes five major UK newspaper titles; Daily Mail Mail on Sunday Evening Standard Ireland on Sunday Metro External links ANP Home ... Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (July 15, 1865, Dublin - August 14, 1922, London) was an influential and successful newspaper owner. ... Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (July 15, 1865, Dublin - August 14, 1922, London) was an influential and successful newspaper owner. ... The Daily Mail and its Sunday edition the Mail on Sunday are British newspapers, first published in 1896. ... Alternate newspaper: The Daily Mirror (Australia) The Daily Mirror is a popular British tabloid daily newspaper. ...


He also in later life used his newspaper ownership in attempts to influence British politics, notably being a strong supporter of appeasement towards Nazi Germany. In the 1930s, he urged increased defence spending while being the owner of the only major newspapers to advocate an alliance with Germany. The Rothermere papers for an time in 1934 championed the British Union of Fascists (B.U.F), and were again the only major papers that supported the B.U.F. Appeasement is a strategic maneuver, based on either pragmatism, fear of war, or moral conviction, that leads to acceptance of imposed conditions in lieu of armed resistance. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to... The flag of the British Union of Fascists showing the Flash and Circle symbolic of action within unity The British Union of Fascists (BUF) was a political party of the 1930s in the United Kingdom. ...


Rothermere also strongly supported revision in favour of Hungary, to the extent that he was offered the Hungarian Crown in 1927. He declined, but purchased estates in Hungary in case Britain should fall to an Soviet invasion. The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. ...


Secret British government papers, released in 2005, show that Rothermere wrote to Adolf Hitler congratulating him on annexing Czechoslovakia in 1938, and encouraged him to march into Romania. The MI5 papers also show that Rothermere paid a retainer of £5,000 per year to Stephanie Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingfurst, a glamorous Austrian princess and German spy, intending that she should bring him closer to Hitler's inner circle. She was known as "London's leading Nazi hostess". The secret services had been monitoring her since she came to Britain in the 1920s and regarded her as "an extremely dangerous person". As WW2 loomed, Rothermere stopped the payments and their relationship deteriorated into threats and lawsuits. Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945), a German politician who was the founder of the Third Reich (1933-1945), is widely regarded as one of the most significant and reviled leaders in world history. ... Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Česko-Slovensko/before 1990 Československo) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1992 (except for the World War II period). ... Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. ... Current MI5 headquarters in Thames House, London MI5—officially called the Security Service—is one of the British secret service agencies. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...


External link

  • Page at Spartacus (http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/BUrothermere.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (459 words)
Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere (1868 - 1940) was a highly successful British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers.
Harmsworth founded the Glasgow Daily Record, and the Sunday Pictorial, but his greatest success came with the Daily Mirror, which had a circulation of three million by 1922.
Rothermere strongly supported revision of the Treaty of Trianon in favour of Hungary, to the extent that he was offered the Hungarian Crown in 1927.
Milner Alfred 1st Viscount Milner - Search Results - MSN Encarta (217 words)
Harmsworth, Harold Sidney, 1st Viscount Rothermere: brother, Harmsworth, Alfred Charles William, Viscount Northcliffe
Alfred Charles William Harmsworth was born in Chapelizod,...
Harmsworth, Harold Sidney, 1st Viscount Rothermere (1868-1940), newspaper manager and businessman, who established a newspaper publishing empire in...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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