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Encyclopedia > Harold H. Burton
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Harold Hitz Burton (June 22, 1888 - October 28, 1964) was an American Senator and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was known as a dispassionate jurist, one who epitomized equal justice under the law.


He was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, to Alfred Burton and Gertrude Hitz. His father was a Dean at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who was also an explorer. He had accompanied Robert Peary on several expeditions to the North Pole. His mother was a daughter of the first Swiss Consul General to the United States.


Burton attended Bowdoin College, where his roommate was Owen Brewster, who later became a Senator from Maine. He went on to Harvard Law School, graduating in 1912. After graduating he practiced in Ohio. He was a Lieutenant in the infantry during World War I and saw heavy action in France.


Burton served in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1929 and was elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio in 1935, running as a Republican. He served until election as United States Senator in 1941. It was in the Senate where he first met fellow senator Harry S. Truman. Burton resigned from the Senate when he was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1945 by later President Truman, to succeed Justice Owen J. Roberts. His nomination was announced to the Senate and confirmed unanimously the same day without hearings or debate. He served until he retired on October 13, 1958. He suffered from Parkinson's disease in his later years. He died from complications arising from this, kidney failure and pulmonary trouble.


Burton married Selma Florence Smith in 1912. They had four children: Barbara (Mrs. Charles Weidner), William (who served in the Ohio House of Representatives), Deborah (Mrs. Wallace Adler), and Robert (a distinguished attorney and counsel to athletes.)



Preceded by:
Harry L. Davis
Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio
19361940
Succeeded by:
Edward Blythin
Preceded by:
A. Vic Donahey
United States Senator from Ohio
19411945
Succeeded by:
James W. Huffman
Preceded by:
Owen Josephus Roberts
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
October 1, 1945October 13, 1958
Succeeded by:
Potter Stewart



References

  • Harold Hitz Burton Papers [1] (http://library.bowdoin.edu/arch/mss/hhbg.shtml)
  • Obituary from the New York Times, October 29, 1964, pg 35.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harold Hitz Burton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (452 words)
Harold Hitz Burton (June 22, 1888 - October 28, 1964) was a member of the United States Senate and later Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Burton attended Bowdoin College, where his roommate was Owen Brewster, who later became a U.S. Senator from Maine.
Burton served in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1929 and was the law director of Cleveland, Ohio before being elected Mayor of Cleveland in 1935, running as a Republican.
Harold H. Burton - definition of Harold H. Burton in Encyclopedia (333 words)
Harold Hitz Burton (June 22, 1888 - October 28, 1964) was an American Senator and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Burton served in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1929 and was elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio in 1935, running as a Republican.
Burton resigned from the Senate when he was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1945 by later President Truman, to succeed Justice Owen J. Roberts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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