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Encyclopedia > Harold Carswell

George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919July 13, 1992) was a Federal Judge and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court. He did not use his first name and was called by his middle name; "Harrold" Carswell. December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... List of Failed Nominations to the Supreme Court of the United States contains unsuccessful nominations to the court, however, individuals on this list may have been appointed and confirmed at a later date. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...


Early Years


Carswell was born in Irwinton, Georgia, graduated from Duke University in 1941, and briefly attended the University of Georgia School of Law before joining the United States Navy. He served as a lieutenant in the Naval Reserve and was discharged in 1945 at the end of World War II. Carswell completed his legal education at the Walter F. George School of Law of Mercer University in 1948. Griffin B. Bell, 72nd Attorney General of the United States, was a classmate at Mercer. Irwinton is a city located in Wilkinson County, Georgia. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. The school, which officially became Duke University in 1924, traces its institutional roots to 1838. ... The University of Georgia (UGA) is the largest institution of higher learning and research in the State of Georgia. ... The University of Georgia School of Law is an American Bar Association-accredited law school located in Athens, Georgia on the campus of the University of Georgia. ... USN redirects here. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... The United States Naval Reserve is the reserve component of the United States Navy. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The Walter F. George School of Law, founded in 1873, is one of the oldest law schools in the United States. ... Mercer University is an independent, coeducational, church-related, private university, located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Griffin Boyette Bell (born October 31, 1918) is an American lawyer and former Presidential Cabinet member. ... The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ...


Carswell served as a private attorney in Tallahassee, Florida from 1948 to 1953 and as United States Attorney for the Northern District of Florida from 1953 to 1958. In 1958, he was nominated and confirmed as a judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida. In 1969, he was nominated and confirmed as a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Location in Leon County and the state of Florida. ... United States Attorneys represent the U.S. federal government in United States district court. ... The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida serves the residents of twenty-three counties. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Louisiana Northern and Southern Districts of Mississippi Western, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of Texas The court is based at...


Supreme Court Nomination


On January 19, 1970, Carswell was nominated to be a justice of the United States Supreme Court to replace Justice Abe Fortas. Carswell was praised by Southern Senators including Richard B. Russell, Jr., but was criticized by others for the high reversal rate (58%) of his decisions as a District Court Judge. Civil-rights advocates also questioned his civil rights record; in 1948, Carswell had voiced support for racial segregation while running for a seat in the Georgia state legislature (in his hometown, Irwinton, Georgia; Carswell did not win the election and moved to Florida where he started his career as a private attorney). The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Abe Fortas Abraham Fortas (June 19, 1910 - April 5, 1982) was a U.S. Supreme Court associate justice. ... Richard Russell, Jr. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is creamy jizz of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in... Irwinton is a city located in Wilkinson County, Georgia. ...


On April 8, 1970, the United States Senate refused to confirm Carswell's nomination to serve on the Supreme Court. The vote was 51-45. 17 Democrats and 28 Republicans voted for Carswell. 38 Democrats and 13 Republicans voted against him. President Richard Nixon then nominated Harry Blackmun to fill the Fortas vacancy. Blackmun was later confirmed. Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Justice Harry Blackmun Harry Andrew Blackmun (November 12, 1908 – March 4, 1999) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1970 to 1994. ...


Afterwards


Carswell resigned from the Court of Appeals on April 20, 1970 and entered the political arena. In 1972, he ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the United States Senate from Florida, losing in the Republican Party primary by a large margin. Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... GOP redirects here. ...


In 1976, Carswell was arrested and convicted of battery for advances he made to an undercover police officer in a Florida men's room; some claim him as the first homosexual or bisexual nominated to the Supreme Court. Carswell subsequently withdrew from public life. He returned to the private practice of law and then lived in retirement until his death. In many common law jurisdictions, the crime of battery involves an injury or other contact upon the person of another in a manner likely to cause bodily harm. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ...


Quotations about Harrold Carswell

[cite this quote]

   
Harold Carswell
Even if he is mediocre, there are a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers. They are entitled to a little representation, aren't they?
   
Harold Carswell

U.S. Senator Roman Hruska, in defense of Harrold Carswell's nomination against charges that he was "mediocre" Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Roman Lee Hruska (August 16, 1904 - April 25, 1999) was an American politician from the state of Nebraska. ...

See Also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harold Carswell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (373 words)
Carswell was born in Irwinton, Georgia and graduated from the United States Naval Academy and the University of Georgia School of Law.
Carswell was nominated and confirmed to serve as a judge on the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida in 1958.
Carswell was rejected by the Senate on April 8, 1970 by a vote of 51-45.
SBS church of Christ.com Home Page (2225 words)
Harold Carswell Jr Introduction: Prayer is revealed much in the scriptures to say the least.
Harold Carswell Jr Honesty is the divinely appointed standard for all men, however for the child of God this divine standard is also a divine responsibility that must be fulfilled (1 Peter 2:12).
Harold Carswell Jr Relativism is the doctrine that knowledge, truth and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context and not absolute (Oxford Merriam Dictionary).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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