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Encyclopedia > Harold Bloom
Harold Bloom

Harold Bloom, Literary Critic
Born
New York City
Occupation literary and cultural critic
Literary movement Romanticism, Aestheticism
Influences Shakespeare, Hegel, Nietzsche, Emerson, Freud, Walter Pater, William Hazlitt, Northrop Frye

Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. Bloom defended 19th-century Romantic poets at a time when their reputations stood at a low ebb, has constructed controversial theories of poetic influence, and advocates an aesthetic approach to literature against Feminist, Marxist, New Historicist, Post-modernist, and other methods of academic literary criticism. Bloom is currently a Sterling Professor of the Humanities at Yale University[1]. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Hamlet-bloom. ... This article is about work. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... A cultural critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis. ... ... Romantics redirects here. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 - November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany. ... Friedrich Nietzsche, 1882 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900) was a highly influential German philosopher. ... Emerson may refer to: Emerson Radio Emerson (surname), a human family name generally given as the last name, and a list of individuals with that name. ... Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... Walter Horatio Pater (August 4, 1839 - July 30, 1894) was an English essayist and literary critic. ... // William Hazlitt (10 April 1778 – 18 September 1830) was an English writer remembered for his humanistic essays and literary criticism, often esteemed the greatest English literary critic after Samuel Johnson. ... Herman Northrop Frye, CC, MA, D.Litt. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... A cultural critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis. ... Romantics redirects here. ... Aesthetics (or esthetics) (from the Greek word αισθητική) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty. ... Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theory, or by the politics of feminism more broadly. ... Marxist literary criticism is a loose term describing literary criticism informed by the philosophy or the politics of Marxism. ... New Historicism is an approach to literary criticism and literary theory based on the premise that a literary work should be considered a product of the time, place and circumstances of its composition rather than as an isolated creation of genius. ... Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated pomo) is a term applied to a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generally characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... A Sterling Professorship is the highest academic rank at Yale University, awarded to a tenured faculty member considered one of the best in his field. ... For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ... Yale redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life

Harold Bloom, son of William and Paula Bloom, was born in New York City and lived in the South Bronx at 1410 Grand Concourse. He grew up in a Yiddish-speaking household and learned Yiddish and literary Hebrew before learning English. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ...


Bloom has frequently recounted that his attachment to poetry began when, at the age of ten, he discovered Hart Crane's book White Buildings at the Fordham library in the Bronx. "I saw the Oxford English Dictionary there for the first time," he said many years later. "I remember being so touched by the enormous availability of large and complex dictionaries and concordances. I remember ransacking them." He says that he knew "by age eleven or twelve that all I really liked to do was read poetry and discuss it." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... ...


He entered Cornell University in 1947 on scholarship (as one of 65 people in the Bronx that year to win a scholarship from the State Department of Education). At Cornell he found a mentor in M. H. Abrams, a leading scholar of Romanticism and the founding and general editor of The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Abrams later recalled Bloom as a "fearsome" student, and "gifted beyond anybody I'd ever seen. He had that extraordinary ability to read a book almost as fast as you can turn the pages, not only to read it but to practically memorize it." Bloom himself has stated that he does not remember "period pieces" and that his memory of a work is tied to its canonically "strange" aspect. Bloom earned a B.A. in 1952, and spent a year at Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1953/4. He then went to Yale University for graduate study. He received his Ph.D. in 1955 and has worked as a member of the Yale faculty since that time. Cornell redirects here. ... Meyer (Mike) Howard Abrams (born July 23, 1912) is an American literary critic, known for works on Romanticism, in particular his book The Mirror and the Lamp. ... The Norton Anthology of English Literature is a well-known English Literary studies supplement for many tertiary level students. ... In the performing arts, a period piece is a work set in a particular era. ... Full name Pembroke College Motto - Named after Countess of Pembroke, Mary de St Pol Previous names Marie Valence Hall (1347), Pembroke Hall (?), Pembroke College (1856) Established 1347 Sister College(s) Queens College Master Sir Richard Dearlove Location Trumpington Street Undergraduates ~420 Postgraduates ~240 Homepage Boatclub Pembroke College is a... Yale redirects here. ...


In 1959 he married Jeanne Gould; they have two sons, Daniel Jacob and David Moses, one of whom is severely disabled with schizophrenia. In an interview with C-SPAN's Brian Lamb Bloom lamented his son's condition. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Brian Patrick Lamb (born October 9, 1941) helped found the C-SPAN television network in the United States in 1979, and has been its chief executive officer since its founding. ...


Early career

Bloom credits Northrop Frye as his nearest precursor. He told Imre Salusinszky in 1986: "In terms of my own theorizations... the precursor proper has to be Northrop Frye. I purchased and read Fearful Symmetry a week or two after it had come out and reached the bookstore in Ithaca, New York. It ravished my heart away. I have tried to find an alternative father in Mr. [Kenneth] Burke, who is a charming fellow and a very powerful critic, but I don't come from Burke, I come out of Frye." However, he also admits an indebtedness, especially in his later period, to earlier critics like William Hazlitt, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walter Pater, A.C. Bradley, and Samuel Johnson, whom he acknowledges as "unmatched by any critic in any nation before or after him". Herman Northrop Frye, CC, MA, D.Litt. ... Fearful Symmetry is a quotation from William Blakes poem The Tiger. ... Kenneth Burke (May 5, 1897–November 19, 1993) was a major American literary theorist and philosopher. ... // William Hazlitt (10 April 1778 – 18 September 1830) was an English writer remembered for his humanistic essays and literary criticism, often esteemed the greatest English literary critic after Samuel Johnson. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Walter Horatio Pater (August 4, 1839 - July 30, 1894) was an English essayist and literary critic. ... Andrew Cecil Bradley (1851 - 1935) was an English literary scholar. ... For other persons named Samuel Johnson, see Samuel Johnson (disambiguation). ...


Bloom began his career by defending the reputations of the High Romantic poets of the early nineteenth century against neo-Christian critics influenced by such writers as T.S. Eliot, who becomes a recurring intellectual foil. He had a contentious approach: his first book, Shelley's Myth-making, charged many contemporary critics with sheer carelessness in their reading of Shelley. After a personal crisis in the late sixties, Bloom became deeply interested in Emerson, Sigmund Freud, and the ancient mystic traditions of Gnosticism, Kabbalah, and Hermeticism. He would later come to describe himself as a "Jewish gnostic," explaining "I am using Gnostic in a very broad way. I am nothing if not Jewish... I really am a product of Yiddish culture. But I can't understand a Yahweh, or a God, who could be all-powerful and all knowing and would allow the Nazi death camps and schizophrenia." Influenced by his reading, he began a series of books that focused on the way in which poets struggled to create their own individual poetic visions without being overcome by the influence of the previous poets who inspired them to write. The first of these books, Yeats, a magisterial examination of the poet, challenged the conventional critical view of his poetic career. In the introduction to this volume, Bloom set out the basic principles of his new approach to criticism: "Poetic influence, as I conceive it, is a variety of melancholy or the [Freudian] anxiety-principle." A new poet becomes inspired to write because he has read and admired the poetry of previous poets; but this admiration turns into resentment when the new poet discovers that these poets whom he idolized have already said everything he wishes to say. The poet becomes disappointed because he "cannot be Adam early in the morning. There have been too many Adams, and they have named everything." Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 - January 4, 1965), was a major Modernist Anglo-American poet, dramatist, and literary critic. ... Shelley may mean; People As a given name: Shelley Winters, American actress Shelley Rudman, British athlete Shelley Duncan Yankees player As a surname: George Ernest Shelley, an ornithologist Howard Shelley, a British pianist Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet and husband of Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English novelist famous for... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... Hermeticism should not be confused with the concept of a hermit. ... For other uses, see Yahweh (disambiguation). ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ...


In order to evade this psychological obstacle, the new poet must convince himself that previous poets have gone wrong somewhere and failed in their vision, thus leaving open the possibility that he may have something to add to the tradition after all. The new poet's love for his heroes turns into antagonism towards them: "Initial love for the precursor's poetry is transformed rapidly enough into revisionary strife, without which individuation is not possible." (Map of Misreading p. 10) The book that followed Yeats, The Anxiety of Influence, which Bloom had started writing in 1967, drew upon the example of Walter Jackson Bate's The Burden of the Past and The English Poet and set out his new doctrine in a systematic form. Bloom attempted to trace the psychological process by which a poet broke free from his precursors to achieve his own poetic vision. He drew a sharp distinction between "strong poets" who perform "strong misreadings" of their precursors, and "weak poets" who simply repeat the ideas of their precursors as though following a kind of doctrine. He described this process in terms of a sequence of "revisionary ratios," through which each strong poet passes in the course of his career. A Map of Misreading picked up where The Anxiety of Influence left off, making several adjustments to Bloom's system of revisionary ratios. Kabbalah and Criticism attempted to invoke the esoteric interpretive system of the Lurianic Kabbalah, as explicated by scholar Gershom Scholem, as an alternate system of mapping the path of poetic influence. Figures of Capable Imagination collected odd pieces Bloom had written in the process of composing his 'influence' books. He capped off this period of intense creativity with another monograph, a full-length study of Wallace Stevens, with whom, as he told an interviewer in the early 1980s, he identified more than any other poet at this stage of his career. The Anxiety of Influence is a book published in 1973 by Harold Bloom. ... Walter Jackson Bate (May 23, 1918 - July 26, 1999) was an American literary critic and biographer. ... The Anxiety of Influence is a book published in 1973 by Harold Bloom. ... Gershom Scholem (born December 5, 1897 in Berlin, died February 21, 1982 in Jerusalem), also known as Gerhard Scholem, was a German-born Jewish philosopher and historian. ... Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was a major American Modernist poet. ...


Bloom's fascination with the fantasy novel A Voyage to Arcturus by David Lindsay led him to take a brief break from criticism in order to compose an attempted sequel to Lindsay's novel. This novel, The Flight to Lucifer, remains Bloom's only attempt at fiction writing. Though reviews were not entirely discouraging, he soon disowned this book. As he himself admitted, the author's self-conscious theoretical interest in the nature of fantasy literature weighed it down too heavily. He has said that he would remove every copy of the book from every library if he could. A Voyage to Arcturus is a novel by the Scottish writer David Lindsay. ... David Lindsay (1876-1945) was a British author now most famous for the philosophical novel A Voyage to Arcturus (1920). ...


Later career

Bloom continued to write about influence theory throughout the seventies and eighties, and he has rarely written anything since which does not invoke his ideas about influence. Acknowledging that his early output often tends toward the abstruse, he has turned to more accessible criticism aimed at a general readership in his later work, beginning with The Book of J (for which he wrote the introduction and commentary) in 1990. In The Book of J, he and David Rosenberg (who translated the Biblical texts)portrayed the ancient documents that formed the basis of the first five books of the bible (see documentary hypothesis) as the work of a great literary artist who had no intention of composing a dogmatically religious work. They further envisaged this anonymous writer as a woman attached to the court of the successors of the Israelite kings David and Solomon — a piece of speculation which drew much attention. Later, Bloom said (perhaps jokingly) that the speculations didn't go far enough, and he should have ironically identified J with the biblical Bathsheba. In The American Religion, Bloom surveyed the major varieties of Protestant and post-Protestant religious faiths that originated in the United States and argued that, in terms of their psychological hold on their adherents, all shared more in common with gnosticism than with historical Christianity. He has elsewhere prophesied that the Mormon and Pentecostal strains of American Christianity will overtake mainstream Protestant divisions in popularity in the next few decades. These ideas radically changed after a short stint in a minimum-security prison (prosecuted for accessory to infanticide) when he became heavily influenced by Mohinder Suresh and the theories of regenerative tissue. David Iokhelevich Rozenberg, Russian: (November 15/27, 1879, Å ateikiai/Шатейкяй, Vilna district (guberniya), Russia - February 17, 1950, Moscow), was a Lithuania-born Soviet economist. ... A relational diagram describing the various versions postulated by the biblical documentary hypothesis. ... This article is on dogma in religion. ... This article is about the Biblical king of Israel. ... It has been suggested that Sulayman be merged into this article or section. ... Bathsheba (בת שבע) is the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of King David in the Hebrew Bible. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


From 1988 to 2004, Bloom served as Berg Professor of English at New York University, all the while maintaining his Sterling Professorship at Yale and continuing to teach there. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ...


In 1994, Bloom published The Western Canon, a survey of the major literary works of post-Roman Europe. Besides analyses of the canon's various representative works, the major concern of the volume is reclaiming literature from those he refers to as the "School of resentment", the mostly academic critics who espouse a social purpose in reading. Bloom believes that the goals of reading must be solitary aesthetic pleasure and self-insight rather than the "forces of resentments'" goal: improvement of one's society, which he casts as an absurd aim, writing "The idea that you benefit the insulted and injured by reading someone of their own origins rather than reading Shakespeare is one of the oddest illusions ever promoted by or in our schools." His position, stated simply, is that politics have no place in literary criticism: a feminist or Marxist reading of Hamlet, for example, would tell us something about feminism and Marxism but nothing about Hamlet itself, it being so universal. In addition to the amount of influence one writer has had on later writers, Bloom introduces the concept of "canonical strangeness" as a benchmark of a literary work's merit. The Western Canon also included a list—which aroused more widespread interest than anything else in the volume—of all the Western works from antiquity to the present which Bloom considered either as permanent members of the canon of literary classics, or (among more recent works) as candidates for that status. The notoriety surrounding The Western Canon turned Bloom into something of a celebrity. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Aesthetics (or esthetics) (from the Greek word αισθητική) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty. ... Absurd can refer to: Look up Absurd in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Absurdism is a philosophy born of Existentialism absurdity, with small a, is a form of Surreal humour Theatre of the Absurd is an artform utilizing the philosophy of Absurdism Absurd (band) is a heavy metal band This is... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ...


In March 2004, best-selling Feminist author Naomi Wolf claimed Bloom as having sexually harassed her: Naomi Wolf (born 1962) is an American writer. ...

In the late fall of 1983, professor Harold Bloom did something banal, human, and destructive: He put his hand on a student’s inner thigh—a student whom he was tasked with teaching and grading. The student was me, a 20-year-old senior at Yale.[2]

Bloom has called the allegation a "monstrous lie".


Shakespeare

Bloom has a deep appreciation for Shakespeare. The first edition of The Anxiety of Influence almost completely avoided Shakespeare, whom Bloom considered, at the time, barely touched by the psychological drama of anxiety. The second edition, published in 1997, adds a long preface that mostly expounds on Shakespeare's agon with his contemporary Christopher Marlowe, who set the stage for him by breaking free of ecclesiastical and moralizing overtones, as well as his other influences, Ovid and Chaucer. Shakespeare redirects here. ... This article is about the English dramatist. ... For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation) Publius Ovidius Naso (March 20, 43 BC – 17 AD) was a Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid who wrote on topics of love, abandoned women and mythological transformations. ... Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902 Chanticleer the rooster from an outdoor production of Chanticleer and the Fox at Ashby_de_la_Zouch castle Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. ...


In his epic 1998 survey, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, Bloom provides an analysis of each of Shakespeare's thirty-eight plays, "twenty-four of which are masterpieces." Written as a companion to the general reader and theatergoer, Bloom declares that bardolatry "ought to be even more a secular religion than it already is." He also contends in the work (as in the title) that Shakespeare "invented" humanity, in that he prescribed the now-common practice "overhearing" ourselves, which drives our changes. The two paragons of his theory are Sir John Falstaff of Henry IV and Hamlet, whom Bloom sees as representing, in the first case, our satisfaction with ourselves and in the second, our dissatisfaction therewith. Throughout Shakespeare, characters from disparate plays are imagined alongside and interacting with each other; this has been decried by numerous contemporary academics and critics as hearkening back to the out of fashion character criticism of A.C. Bradley and others, who happen to gather explicit praise in the book. As in The Western Canon, Bloom cheerfully attacks this "School of Resentment" for its failure to live up to the challenge of Shakespeare's universality and instead balkanizing the study of literature through various multicultural and historicist departments. Asserting his singular popularity throughout the world, Bloom proclaims that Shakespeare is the only multicultural author, and rather than the "social energies" historicists ascribe Shakespeare's authorship to, Bloom pronounces his modern academic foes—and indeed, all of society—to be "a parody of Shakespearian energies." Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who appears in three plays by William Shakespeare primarily as a companion to Prince Hal, the future King Henry V. Round and glorious, tradition holds that Shakespeare wrote the part for his second comedian, a fat man, John Heminges, who played a bold... Henry IV can refer to Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV of England Henry IV of France Henry IV of Castile Henry IV, Duke of Breslau or plays by William Shakespeare: Henry IV, part 1 Henry IV, part 2 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Multiculturalism or cultural pluralism is a policy, ideal, or reality that emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures in the world, especially as they relate to one another in immigrant receiving nations. ... New Historicism is an approach to literary criticism and literary theory based on the premise that a literary work should be considered a product of the time, place and circumstances of its composition rather than as an isolated creation of genius. ...


As one might guess from his critical posture toward Shakespeare, in his public and private life Bloom seems to consciously emulate the bard, particularly in taking on the mantle of Falstaff, "the mortal god of [his] imaginings" and whom he often credits with the "over-abundance" that is "how meaning gets started."


Bloom's influence

Bloom's theory of poetic influence regards the development of Western literature as a process of borrowing and misreading. Writers find their creative inspiration in previous writers and begin by imitating those writers; in order to develop a poetic voice of their own, however, they must make their own work different from that of their precursors. As a result, Bloom argues, authors of real power must inevitably 'misread' their precursors' works in order to make room for fresh imaginings. This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Observers often identified Bloom with deconstruction in the past, but he himself never admitted to sharing more than a few ideas with the deconstructionists. He told Robert Moynihan in 1983, "What I think I have in common with the school of deconstruction is the mode of negative thinking or negative awareness, in the technical, philosophical sense of the negative, but which comes to me through negative theology.... There is no escape, there is simply the given, and there is nothing that we can do." Deconstruction is a term in contemporary philosophy, literary criticism, and the social sciences, denoting a process by which the texts and languages of Western philosophy (in particular) appear to shift and complicate in meaning when read in light of the assumptions and absences they reveal within themselves. ...


Bloom's association with the Western canon has provoked a substantial interest in his opinion concerning the relative importance of contemporary writers. In the late 1980s, Bloom told an interviewer: "Probably the most powerful living Western writer is Samuel Beckett. He's certainly the most authentic." Beckett died in 1989, and Bloom has not indicated who he believes occupies that position now. The Western canon is a canon of books and art (and specifically one with very loose boundaries) that has allegedly been highly influential in shaping Western culture. ... Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish dramatist, novelist and poet. ...


Concerning British writers: "Geoffrey Hill is the strongest British poet now active", and "no other contemporary British novelist seems to me to be of Iris Murdoch's eminence". Since Murdoch's death, Bloom has expressed admiration for novelists such as John Banville, Peter Ackroyd, Will Self, and A. S. Byatt. In his 2003 book, Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds, he named Portuguese writer José Saramago as "the most gifted novelist alive in the world today", and as "one of the last titans of an expiring literary genre". Of American novelists, he declared in 2003 that "there are four living American novelists I know of who are still at work and who deserve our praise". He claimed that "they write the Style of our Age, each has composed canonical works," and he identified them as Thomas Pynchon, Philip Roth, Cormac McCarthy and Don DeLillo. He named their strongest works as, respectively, Gravity's Rainbow and Mason & Dixon, American Pastoral and Sabbath's Theater, Blood Meridian, and Underworld. He has also praised fantasy writer John Crowley as these writers' equal — and especially his novel Little, Big. for the British aeronautical engineer and professor, see Geoffrey T. R. Hill Geoffrey Hill (born June 18, 1932) is an English poet, professor of English Literature and religion, and co-director of the Editorial Institute at Boston University, Massachusetts, USA. // Geoffrey Hill was born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England, in 1932. ... Dame Jean Iris Murdoch DBE (July 15, 1919 – February 8, 1999) was an Irish-born British writer and philosopher, best known for her novels, which combine rich characterization and compelling plotlines, usually involving ethical or sexual themes. ... John Banville (born 8 December 1945) is an Irish novelist and journalist. ... Peter Ackroyd (born October 5, 1949, London) is an English author. ... Will Self William Self (born September 26, 1961) is an English novelist, reviewer and columnist. ... For A. Byatt, the director of French documentary films, see Andy Byatt. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Thomas Ruggles Pynchon, Jr. ... Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933, Newark, New Jersey) is an American novelist. ... For the musician, see Cormac McCarthy (musician). ... Don DeLillo (born November 20, 1936) is an American author best known for his novels, which paint detailed portraits of American life in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. ... Gravitys Rainbow is an epic postmodern novel written by Thomas Pynchon and first published on February 28, 1973. ... Mason & Dixon book cover Mason & Dixon, a post-modern novel by Thomas Pynchon first published in 1997, centers on the collaboration of the historical Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in their astronomical and surveying exploits in Cape Colony, Saint Helena, Great Britain and along the Mason-Dixon line in British... American Pastoral is a Philip Roth novel concerning Seymour Swede Levov, an all-around good guy whose life is ruined by the indigenous American berzerk. The novel won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998 and was included in All-TIME 100 Greatest Novels. ... Sabbaths Theater (1995, ISBN 0679772596) is a novel by Philip Roth about the exploits of 64-year-old Mickey Sabbath. ... For the Canadian band, see Blood Meridian (band). ... Underworld is a novel written in 1997 by Don DeLillo. ... John Crowley (born December 1, 1942 in Presque Isle, Maine) is an American author of fantasy, science fiction and mainstream fiction. ... Little, Big: or, The Fairies Parliament is a modern fantasy novel by John Crowley, published in 1981. ...


In Kabbalah and Criticism (1975), Bloom identified Robert Penn Warren, James Merrill, John Ashbery, and Elizabeth Bishop as the most important living American poets. By the 1990s, he regularly named A.R. Ammons along with Ashbery and Merrill, and he has lately come to identify Henri Cole as the crucial American poet of the generation following those three. He has expressed great admiration for the Canadian poet Anne Carson, particularly her verse novel Autobiography of Red. Bloom also lists Jay Wright as one of only a handful of major living poets. Robert Penn Warren Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic, and was one of the founders of The New Criticism. ... poet James Merrill, age 30, in a 1957 publicity photograph for The Seraglio James Ingram Merrill (March 3, 1926 - February 6, 1995) was a Pulitzer Prize winning American writer, increasingly regarded as one of the most important 20th century poets in the English language. ... John Ashbery John Ashbery (born July 28, 1927) is an American poet. ... Elizabeth Bishop (February 8, 1911 – October 6, 1979), was an American poet and writer. ... A. R. Ammons, or Archie Randolph Ammons, (1926-2001) was an American author and poet. ... Henri Cole (born 1956) is a poet. ... Anne Carson is a Canadian poet, essayist, and translator, as well as a professor of Classics and comparative literature at the University of Michigan. ... People named Jay Wright include: Jay Wright (poet) (b. ...


Bloom's introduction to Modern Critical Interpretations: Thomas Pynchon (1987) features his canon of the "twentieth-century American Sublime", the greatest works of American art produced in the 20th century. Bloom singles out the following works for distinction:

Bloom's critical work has often become associated with that of his protégée at Yale in the 1970s, Camille Paglia. The playwright Tony Kushner sees Bloom as an important influence on his work, and indeed his play Angels in America is the last work listed in the appendices of The Western Canon. Miss Lonelyhearts, published in 1933, is Nathanael Wests second novel. ... Nathanael West (October 17, 1903 – December 22, 1940) was the pen name of US author, screenwriter and satirist Nathan Wallenstein Weinstein. ... As I Lay Dying is a novel written by the American author William Faulkner. ... This article is about the comedian siblings. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 - August 2, 1955) was an American Modernist poet. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Un Poco Loco is a composition by jazz pianist and composer Bud Powell. ... Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ... Gravitys Rainbow is an epic postmodern novel written by Thomas Pynchon and first published on February 28, 1973. ... Camille Anna Paglia (born April 2, 1947 in Endicott, New York) is an American social critic, author and teacher. ... Tony Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an award-winning American playwright most famous for his play Angels in America, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. ... Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes is an award winning play in two parts by American playwright Tony Kushner. ...


In the early 21st century, Bloom has often found himself at the center of literary controversy, leveling attacks at popular writers such as Adrienne Rich, Stephen King, and J.K. Rowling. In the pages of the Paris Review, he criticized the populist-leaning poetry slam, saying, "It is the death of art." Adrienne Rich (born May 16, 1929 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an American feminist, poet, teacher, and writer. ... For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ... Joanne Rowling OBE (born July 31, 1965 in Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire), commonly known as J.K. Rowling (pronunciation: roll-ing; her former students used to joke with her name calling her the Rolling Stone), is a British fiction writer. ... Slam poetry is a form of performance poetry that occurs within a competitive poetry event, called a slam, at which poets perform their own poems (or, in rare cases, those of others) that are judged on a numeric scale by randomly picked members of the audience. ...


Bibliography

  • Shelley's Mythmaking. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959.
  • The Visionary Company: A Reading of English Romantic Poetry. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1961. Rev. and enlarged ed. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971.
  • Blake's Apocalypse: A Study in Poetic Argument. Anchor Books: New York: Doubleday and Co., 1963.
  • Yeats. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. ISBN 0-19-501603-3
  • The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973; 2d ed., 1997. ISBN 0-19-511221-0
  • A Map of Misreading. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.
  • Kabbalah and Criticism. New York : Seabury Press, 1975. ISBN 0-8264-0242-9
  • The Ringers in the Tower: Studies in Romantic Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.
  • Poetry and Repression: Revisionism from Blake to Stevens. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.
  • Figures of Capable Imagination. New York: Seabury Press, 1976.
  • Wallace Stevens: The Poems of our Climate. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1977.
  • Deconstruction and Criticism. New York: Seabury Press, 1980.
  • The Flight to Lucifer: Gnostic Fantasy. New York: Vintage Books, 1980. ISBN 0-394-74323-7
  • Agon: Towards a Theory of Revisionism. New York : Oxford University Press, 1982.
  • The Breaking of the Vessels. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • Ruin the Sacred Truths: Poetry and Belief from the Bible to the Present. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989.
  • The Book of J: Translated from the Hebrew by David Rosenberg; Interpreted by Harold Bloom. New York: Grove Press, 1990 ISBN 0-8021-4191-9
  • The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation; Touchstone Books; ISBN 0-671-86737-7 (1992; August 1993)
  • The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1994.
  • Omens of Millennium: The Gnosis of Angels, Dreams, and Resurrection. New York: Riverhead Books, 1996.
  • Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: 1998. ISBN 1-57322-751-X
  • How to Read and Why. New York: 2000. ISBN 0-684-85906-8
  • Stories and Poems for Extremely Intelligent Children of All Ages. New York: 2001.
  • El futur de la imaginació (The Future of the Imagination). Barcelona: Anagrama / Empúries, 2002. ISBN 84-7596-927-5
  • Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds. New York: 2003. ISBN 0-446-52717-3
  • Hamlet: Poem Unlimited. New York: 2003.
  • The Best Poems of the English Language: From Chaucer Through Frost. New York: 2004. ISBN 0-06-054041-9
  • Where Shall Wisdom Be Found? New York: 2004. ISBN 1-57322-284-4
  • Jesus and Yahweh: The Names Divine 2005. ISBN 1-57322-322-0
  • American Religious Poems: An Anthology By Harold Bloom 2006. ISBN 1-931082-74-X

Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 – July 8, 1822; pronounced ) was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets of the English language. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ... The Anxiety of Influence is a book published in 1973 by Harold Bloom. ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was a major American Modernist poet. ... Deconstruction is a term in contemporary philosophy, literary criticism, and the social sciences, denoting a process by which the texts and languages of Western philosophy (in particular) appear to shift and complicate in meaning when read in light of the assumptions and absences they reveal within themselves. ... The Flight to Lucifer is the only novel by the literary critic Harold Bloom. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902 Chanticleer the rooster from an outdoor production of Chanticleer and the Fox at Ashby_de_la_Zouch castle Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Yahweh (disambiguation). ...

Miscellaneous books

  • (Editor) English Romantic Poetry, An Anthology, Doubleday, 1961, two-volume revised edition, Anchor, 1963.
  • (Editor, with John Hollander) The Wind and the Rain, Doubleday, 1961.
  • The Literary Criticism of John Ruskin, Edited and with Introduction by Harold Bloom, Anchor, 1965.
  • (Editor, with Frederick W. Hilles) From Sensibility to Romanticism: Essays Presented to Frederick A. Pottle, Oxford University Press, 1965.
  • (Editor) Percy Bysshe Shelley, Selected Poetry, New American Library (New York, NY), 1966.
  • (Editor) Walter Horatio Pater, Marius the Epicurean: His Sensations and Ideas, New American Library, 1970.
  • "The Internalization of Quest-Romance" and "The Unpastured Sea: An Introduction to Shelley," in Romanticism and Consciousness: Essays in Criticism, edited by Harold Bloom, Norton, 1970.
  • (Editor) Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Selected Poetry, New American Library, 1972.
  • (Editor) The Romantic Tradition in American Literature, 33 volumes, Arno, 1972.
  • (Editor, with Lionel Trilling) Romantic Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Editor, with Trilling) Victorian Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Editor, with Frank Kermode, Hollander, and others) Oxford Anthology of English Literature, two volumes, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Editor and Introduction) Selected Writings of Walter Pater, Columbia University Press, New York, 1974.
  • (Introduction) Somewhere Is Such a Kingdom: Poems 1952-1971, by Geoffrey Hill, 1975.
  • (Editor, with Adrienne Munich) Robert Browning: A Collection of Critical Essays, Prentice-Hall, 1979.
  • (Editor, with David V. Erdman) The Complete Poetry and Prose by William Blake, Bantam Doubleday Dell, November 1981.
  • (Introduction) On the Bible: Eighteen Studies by Martin Buber, New York: Schocken, 1982.
  • (Foreword) Elizabeth Bishop and her art, Edited by Lloyd Schwartz and Sybil P. Estess, University of Michigan Press, 1983.
  • (Introduction) Musical Variations on Jewish Thought by Olivier Revault d'Allonnes, Translated from the French by Judith L. Greenberg, New York, Geo. Braziller, 1984.
  • (Foreword) The Romantic Sublime by Thomas Weiskel, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2nd Edition, 1986.
  • (Afterword) Selected poems of Jay Wright, Edited with an introduction by Robert B. Stepto, 1987.
  • (Foreword) Literary Outtakes, by Larry Dark, Ballantine, 1990.
  • (Editor, With Frank Kermode, Lionel Trilling, John Hollander) The Oxford Anthology of English Literature, Vol. 2, Oxford University Press, November 1990.
  • (Edited, with Lionel Trilling) Victorian Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, November 1990.
  • (Foreword) Freud's Dream of Interpretation, by Ken Frieden, November 1990.
  • (Introduction) Unlocking the English Language, by Robert Burchfield, New York, Hill & Wang/FSG, 1991.
  • (Commentary) The Gospel of Thomas, The Hidden Sayings of Jesus, Translation, with introduction, critical edition of the Coptic text and notes by Marvin Meyer, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992.
  • (Editor, With Paul Kane) Collected Poems and Translations of Ralph Waldo Emerson, by Ralph Waldo Emerson, Library of America, April 1992.
  • (Commentary) Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory, by Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi, and William Golding, University of Washington Press, March 1996.
  • (Afterword) A Dybbuk and Other Tales of the Supernatural, Translated by S. Ansky and Joachim Neugroschel, adapted by Tony Kushner, Consortium Book Sales, May 1997.
  • (Editor, With David Lehman) The Best of the Best American Poetry 1988-1997, Scribner, 1998.
  • (Introduction, with Ralph Manheim) Alone with the Alone: Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn 'Arabi by Henry Corbin, Princeton University Press, April 1998.
  • (Introduction) The Collected Poems of Robert Penn Warren, Edited by John Burt, Louisiana State University Press, October 1998.
  • (Foreword) Death in Venice, Tonio Kroger, and Other Writings by Thomas Mann, Edited by Frederick A. Lubich, Continuum Intl Publishing Group, July 1999.
  • (Introduction) The Body Electric: America's best Poetry from the American poetry Review, by Stephen Berg, 2000.
  • (Introduction) On the Bible: Eighteen Studies by Martin Buber, Edited by Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Syracuse University Press, February 2000.
  • (Afterword) Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Foreword by Walter James Miller, Signet Classic paperback: August 2000.
  • (Foreword) Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays, With a new foreword by Harold Bloom, by Northrop Frye, August 2000.
  • (Introduction) Blood Meridian, by Cormac McCarthy, January 2001.
  • (Introduction) The Complete Poems of Hart Crane, The Centennial Edition, Edited by Marc Simon, With a new introduction by Harold Bloom, May 2001.
  • (Introduction) Absorbing Perfections: Kabbalah and Interpretation by Moshe Idel, Yale University Press, 2002.
  • (Foreword) Long Day's Journey into Night, by Eugene O'Neill, February 2002.
  • (Foreword) Côte Blanche by Martha Serpas, February 2002.
  • (Foreword) Atlantic Poets: Fernando Pessoa's turn in Anglo-American modernism, by Irene Ramalho Santos, University Press of New England, 2003.
  • (Editor) Walt Whitman, Selected Poems by Walt Whitman, February 2003.
  • (Foreword) Selected Poems by Conrad Aiken, Oxford University Press, April 2003.
  • (Foreword) The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain, by Maria Rosa Menocal, April 2003.
  • (Introduction) Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, Translated by Edith Grossman, Ecco Press, November 2003.
  • (Introduction) Peripheral Light, Selected and New Poems, by John Kinsella, November 2003.
  • (Foreword) The Iceman Cometh, by Eugene O'Neill, Yale University Press, 2006.

John Hollander (born October 29, 1929) is an American poet and literary critic. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus (c340-c270 BC), founded around 307 BC. Epicurus was an atomic materialist, following in the steps of Democritus. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Lionel Trilling (July 4, 1905 – November 5, 1975) was an American literary critic, author, and teacher. ... John Frank Kermode (b. ... Walter Horatio Pater (August 4, 1839 - July 30, 1894) was an English essayist and literary critic. ... Robert Browning (May 7, 1812 – December 12, 1889) was a British poet and playwright whose mastery of dramatic verse, especially dramatic monologues, made him one of the foremost Victorian poets. ... William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. ... Martin Buber (8 February 1878 – 13 June 1965) was an Austrian-Israeli-Jewish philosopher, translator, and educator, whose work centered on theistic ideals of religious consciousness, interpersonal relations, and community. ... Elizabeth Bishop (February 8, 1911 – October 6, 1979), was an American poet and writer. ... Jay Wright (born 1935) is a African-American poet from New Mexico. ... Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Coptic language is a direct descendant of the ancient Egyptian language which was once written in Egyptian hieroglyphic, hieratic, and demotic scripts. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Volumes in the Library of America series The Library of America (LoA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ... Dybbuk - in kabbalah and European Jewish folklore, is a malicious possessing spirit, believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead person, escaped from Gehenna, a Hebrew term very loosely translated as hell. The word dybbuk is derived from the Hebrew דיבוק, meaning attachment; the dybbuk attaches itself to the body... Tony Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an award-winning American playwright most famous for his play Angels in America, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Robert Penn Warren Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic, and was one of the founders of The New Criticism. ... For other persons named Thomas Mann, see Thomas Mann (disambiguation). ... Martin Buber (8 February 1878 – 13 June 1965) was an Austrian-Israeli-Jewish philosopher, translator, and educator, whose work centered on theistic ideals of religious consciousness, interpersonal relations, and community. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (née Godwin) (30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English romantic/gothic novelist and the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... For the musician, see Cormac McCarthy (musician). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... Martha Serpas is a contemporary American poet. ... Fernando Pessoa Fernando António Nogueira de Seabra Pessoa (pron. ... Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. ... Conrad Potter Aiken (August 5, 1889 – August 17, 1973) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author, born in Savannah, Georgia, whose work includes poetry, short stories and novels. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Cervantes redirects here. ... John Kinsella (born February 2, 1963) is an Australian poet, novelist, critic, essayist and editor. ... Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ...

Selected articles

  • On Extended Wings; Wallace Stevens' Longer Poems. By Helen Hennessy Vendler, (review), New York Times, October 5, 1969.
  • Poets' meeting in the heyday of their youth; A Single Summer With Lord Byron, New York Times, February 15, 1970.
  • An angel's spirit in a decaying (and active) body, New York Times, November 22, 1970.
  • The Use of Poetry, New York Times, November 12, 1975.
  • Northrop Frye exalting the designs of romance; The Secular Scripture, New York Times, April 18, 1976.
  • On Solitude in America, New York Times, August 4, 1977.
  • The Critic/Poet, New York Times, February 5, 1978.
  • A Fusion of Traditions; Rosenberg, New York Times, July 22, 1979.
  • Straight Forth Out of Self, New York Times, June 22, 1980.
  • The Heavy Burden of the Past; Poets, New York Times, January 4, 1981.
  • The Pictures of the Poet; The Painting and Drawings of William Blake, By Martin Butlin. Vol. I, Text. Vol. II, Plates, (Review) New York Times, January 3, 1982.
  • A Novelist's Bible; The Story of the Stories, The Chosen People and Its God. By Dan Jacobson, (Review) New York Times, October 17, 1982.
  • Isaac Bashevis Singer's Jeremiad; The Penitent, By Isaac Bashevis Singer, (Review) New York Times, September 25, 1983.
  • Domestic Derangements; A Late Divorce, By A.B. Yehoshua Translated by Hillel Halkin, (Review) New York Times, February 19, 1984.
  • War Within the Walls; In the Freud Archives, By Janet Malcolm, (Review) New York Times, May 27, 1984.
  • His Long Ordeal by Laughter; Zuckerman Bound, A Trilogy and Epilogue. By Philip Roth, (Review) New York Times, May 19, 1985.
  • A Comedy of Worldly Salvation; The Good Apprentice, By Iris Murdoch, (Review) New York Times, January 12, 1986.
  • Freud, the Greatest Modern Writer (Review) New York Times, March 23, 1986.
  • Passionate Beholder of America in Trouble; Look Homeward, A Life of Thomas Wolfe. By David Herbert Donald, (Review) New York Times, February 8, 1987.
  • The Book of the Father; The Messiah of Stockholm, By Cynthia Ozick, (Review) New York Times, March 22, 1987.
  • Still Haunted by Covenant; The Penguin Book of Modern Yiddish Verse, Edited by Irving Howe, Ruth R. Wisse and Khone Shmeruk; American Yiddish Poetry, A Bilingual Anthology. Edited by Benjamin and Barbara Harshav; Selected Poems of Yankev Glatshteyn, Edited and translated by Richard J. Fein, (Reviews) New York Times, January 31, 1988.
  • New Heyday of Gnostic Heresies, New York Times, April 26, 1992.
  • A Jew Among the Cossacks; The first English translation of Isaac Babel's journal about his service with the Russian cavalry. 1920 Diary, By Isaac Babel, (Review) New York Times, June 4, 1995.
  • Kaddish; By Leon Wieseltier, (Review) New York Times, October 4, 1998.
  • View; On First Looking Into Gates's Crichton, New York Times, June 4, 2000.
  • What Ho, Malvolio!'; The election, as Shakespeare might have seen it, New York Times, December 6, 2000.
  • Macbush, (play) Vanity Fair, April, 2004.

Lord Byron, English poet George Gordon (Noel) Byron, 6th Baron Byron (January 22, 1788 – April 19, 1824), English Romantic poet, was the most renowned English-language poet of his day. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933, Newark, New Jersey) is an American novelist. ... Dame Jean Iris Murdoch DBE (July 15, 1919 – February 8, 1999) was an Irish-born British writer and philosopher, best known for her novels, which combine rich characterization and compelling plotlines, usually involving ethical or sexual themes. ... Photo by Carl Van Vechten For the contemporary author and journalist, see Tom Wolfe Thomas Clayton Wolfe (October 3, 1900 – September 15, 1938) was an important American novelist of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Cynthia Ozick (born April 17, 1928, New York City), is an American writer, the daughter of William Ozick and Celia Regelson. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge... For other uses, see Cossack (disambiguation). ... Isaac Emmanuilovich Babel, Russian: Исаак Эммануилович Бабель (13 July [O.S. 1 July] 1894 – January 27, 1940) was a Soviet journalist, playwright, and short story writer. ... This article is about the Jewish prayer. ... Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ...

Awards

  • Fulbright Fellowship, 1955
  • John Addison Porter Prize, Yale University, 1956, for Shelley's Mythmaking
  • Guggenheim fellowship, 1962-63
  • Newton Arvin Award, 1967
  • Melville Cane Award, Poetry Society of America, 1971, for Yeats
  • National Book Awards juror, 1973
  • D.H.L., Boston College, 1973
  • D.H.L., Yeshiva University, 1975
  • Zabel Prize, American Institute of Arts and Letters, 1982
  • Sterling Professorship, Yale University, 1983
  • MacArthur Prize fellowship, 1985
  • Christian Gauss Award, 1988, for Ruin the Sacred Truths
  • Boston Book Review Rea Nonfiction Prize, 1995, for The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages
  • D.H.L., University of Bologna, 1997
  • D.H.L., St. Michael's College, 1998
  • National Book Award finalist, nonfiction, for Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • National Book Critics Circle Award finalist, criticism, for Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • New York Times Notable Book of the Year, for Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • One of Publishers Weekly Best Books of the Year, for Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • ALA/Booklist Editor's Choice, for Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • D.H.L., University of Rome, 1999
  • 14th Catalonia International Prize, 2002
  • Hans Christian Andersen Award, Odense 2005, for his work in promoting wider awareness of Hans Christian Andersen as one of the greatest names of 19th century literature.

The Fulbright Program is program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships) sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... The MacArthur Fellows Program or MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the genius grant) is an award given by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation each year to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the U.S., of any age and working in any field, who show exceptional... Publishers Weekly is a weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians, booksellers, and literary agents. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... For other uses, see Hans Christian Andersen (disambiguation). ...

See also

This is a list of notable thinkers that have been influenced by deconstruction. ...

Further reading

  • Allen, Graham, Harold Bloom: Poetics of Conflict, Harvester Wheatsheaf (New York, NY), 1994.
  • Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 24, Gale (Detroit), 1983.
  • De Bolla, Peter, Harold Bloom: Toward Historical Rhetorics, Routledge (New York, NY), 1988.
  • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 67: Modern American Critics since 1955, Gale, 1988.
  • Fite, David, Harold Bloom: The Rhetoric of Romantic Vision, University of Massachusetts Press (Amherst), 1985.
  • Moynihan, Robert, A Recent Imagining: Interviews with Harold Bloom, Geoffrey Hartman, J. Hillis Miller, Paul De Man, Archon, 1986.
  • Saurberg, Lars Ole, Versions of the Past--Visions of the Future: The Canonical in the Criticism of T. S. Eliot, F. R. Leavis, Northrop Frye, and Harold Bloom, St. Martin's Press (New York, NY), 1997.
  • Scherr, Barry J., D. H. Lawrence's Response to Plato: A Bloomian Interpretation, P. Lang (New York, NY), 1995.
  • Sellars, Roy (ed.), and Graham Allen (ed.). The Salt Companion to Harold Bloom. Cambridge: Salt, 2007. More info.

PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.yale.edu/english/profiles/bloom_h.html
  2. ^ Naomi Wolf "The Silent Treatment", New York magazine, 1 March 2004. Retrieved on 7 October 2007.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

External links

  • "Harold Bloom's Period One canon"
  • "Harold Bloom's Period Two canon"
  • "Harold Bloom's Period Three canon"
  • "Harold Bloom's Period Four canon"
  • Interview with Bloom on NPR, regarding his book Jesus and Yahweh: The Names Divine
  • Interview with Bloom on BookTV, regarding his book How to Read and Why (2000).
  • Interview with Bloom on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, regarding his book How to Read and Why (2000).
  • Interviews with Harold Bloom on Charlie Rose
  • God and Harold at Yale, an essay from the Claremont Review on Bloom and his book, "Jesus and Yahweh"
  • Breakfast with Brontosaurus, an October 26, 2004 interview by Ieva Lesinska.
  • Transcript of an interview on C-SPAN's "Booknotes."
  • Radio interview with Christopher Lydon, Harvard Law Weblogs, September 3, 2003.
  • Interview with Jennie Rothenberg, The Atlantic, July 16, 2003.
  • The sage of Concord, a May 24, 2003 Guardian Unlimited article on Ralph Waldo Emerson by Bloom.
  • Interview at BarnesAndNoble.com.
  • Excerpts from various Bloom interviews, The Stanford Presidential Lecture Series.
  • Dumbing down American readers, Harold Bloom, Boston Globe, September 24, 2003.
  • Can 35 Million Book Buyers Be Wrong? Yes.. Harold Bloom, Wall Street Journal, July 11, 2000. His famous criticism of the Harry Potter series.
  • "Wisdom Sold Here" by Said Shirazi, A critique of Bloom's book on wisdom.
  • "The Audacity of Harold Bloom" by Marc Alan Coen

  Results from FactBites:
 
Presidential Lectures: Harold Bloom: Introduction (1073 words)
Bloom's principal target in this first phase of his career was the conservative formalism of T. Eliot, who had dismissed the Romantics as undisciplined poets of nature.
Bloom rejected this view, displacing the essence of Romantic art from reconciliation with nature to a visionary imagination profoundly antithetical to nature.
By the early 1970s, when Bloom's revolutionary version of Romanticism was itself becoming orthodox, he had already entered the second major phase of his thought, which is centered in the remarkable tetralogy of The Anxiety of Influence (1973), A Map of Misreading (1975), Kabbalah and Criticism, and Poetry and Repression (1976).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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