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Encyclopedia > Harness racing
A trotter training at Vincennes hippodrome

Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait. They usually pull two-wheeled carts called sulkies, although races to saddle (trot monté in French) are still occasionally conducted, especially in Europe. Download high resolution version (1352x1048, 647 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1352x1048, 647 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the city in France. ... For other uses, see Hippodrome (disambiguation). ... Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey in May 2005. ... A sulky is a lightweight two-wheeled racing cart that is used in most forms of harness racing in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand, including both trotting and pacing races. ...

Contents

The Breed

In most jurisdictions harness races are restricted to standardbred horses. Cold-blooded horses are raced in Scandinavia, and European horses often have partly French or even Russian lineages. Standardbreds are so named because in the early years of the Standardbred stud book, only horses who could trot or pace a mile in a standard time, or whose progeny could do so, were entered into the book.[1] Standardbred harness racing horses are so called because in the early years of the Trotting Registry, the standardbred stud book established in the United States in 1879 by the National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders, only horses who could race a mile in a standard time or better, or whose... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Standardbred harness racing horses are so called because in the early years of the Trotting Registry, the standardbred stud book established in the United States in 1879 by the National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders, only horses who could race a mile in a standard time or better, or whose...


Standardbreds have proportionally shorter legs than thoroughbreds and longer bodies[2]. They also are of more placid dispositions, as suits horses whose races involve more strategy and more re-acceleration than do thoroughbred races. For the processor with the same codename , see Athlon. ...


The founding sire of today's standardbred horse was Messenger, a gray thoroughbred brought to America in 1788 and purchased by Henry Astor, brother of John Jacob Astor. From Messenger came a great-grandson, Hambletonian 10 (1849-1876), who would become a great, and popular, stallion of racing stars. The lineage of virtually all American Standardbred race horses can be traced from Hambletonian 10's four sons. Messenger Messenger (b. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... John Jacob Astor, detail of an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794 John Jacob (originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob) Astor (July 17, 1763 - March 29, 1848) was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, the creator of the first Trust... Hambletonian 10 (May 5, 1849 - 1876) was a stallion bred by Jonas Seely, Jr. ...


Races

Races can be conducted in two differing gaits; trotting and pacing. The difference is that a trotter moves its legs forward in diagnonal pairs, right front and left hind, then left front and right hind striking the ground simutaneously, whereas a pacer moves its legs laterally, right front and right hind together, then left front and left hind.[3] The trot is a gait of the horse where the diagonal pairs of legs move forwards at the same time, a diagonal gait. ... Horse gaits are the different ways in which a horse can move, either naturally or as a result of specialized training by humans. ...


In continental Europe races are conducted exclusively between trotters, whereas in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States races are also held for pacers.

Harness racing, London Ontario 1923

Pacing races constitute 80% to 90% of the harness races conducted in North America. Pacing horses are faster and, most important to the bettor, less likely to break stride (a horse which starts to gallop must be slowed down and taken to the outside until it regains stride). One of the reasons pacers are less likely to break stride is that they often wear hopples or hobbles, straps which connect the legs on each of the horse's sides. The belief that hopples are used to create this gait is a misconception, the pace is a natural gait, the hopples are merely an accessory to support the pace at top speed.[citation needed] Image File history File links Wfa072. ... Image File history File links Wfa072. ... North American redirects here. ...


Most harness races start from behind a motorized starting gate. The horses line up behind a hinged gate mounted on a motor vehicle which then takes them to the starting line. At the starting line the wings of the gate are folded up and the vehicle accelerates away from the horses. The other kind of start to race is a standing start, where there are tapes across the track behind which the horses either stand stationary or trot in circles in pairs in a specific pattern to hit the starting line as a front. This enables handicaps to be placed on horses according to class with several tapes, usually with 10 metres in between. Some European, Australian and New Zealand races start using tapes. A starting barrier ensures a fair start to races such as horse races or dog races. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ...


The sulky (informally known as a bike) is a light two-wheeled cart equipped with bicycle wheels. The driver carries a long, light whip which is chiefly used to signal the horse by tapping and to make noise by striking the sulky shaft. There are strict rules as to how and how much the whip may be used. A sulky is a lightweight two-wheeled racing cart that is used in most forms of harness racing in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand, including both trotting and pacing races. ...


Racing

North America

Almost all North American races are at a distance of one mile, and North American harness horses are all assigned a "mark" which is their fastest winning time at that distance. Harness races involve considerable strategy. Track size plays an important part here; on the smaller half-mile and five-eighths rings common to harness racing early speed becomes a more important factor, while the longer stretch runs of seven-eighths and mile tracks lend themselves more favorably to closing efforts. Usually several drivers will contend for the lead out of the gate. They then try to avoid getting boxed in as the horses form into two lines -- one on the rail and the other outside -- in the second quarter mile. They may decide to go to the front, to race on the front on the outside ("first over", a difficult position), or to race with cover on the outside. On the rail behind the leader is a choice spot, known as the pocket, and a horse in that position is said to have a garden trip. Third on the rail is an undesirable spot, known on small tracks as the death hole. As the race nears the three-quarter mile mark, the drivers implement their tactics for advancing their positions – going to the lead early, circling the field, moving up an open rail, advancing behind a horse expected to tire, and so on. Unlike thoroughbreds, harness horses accelerate during the final quarter mile of a race. The finishes of harness races are often spectacular and perhaps more often extremely close. The judges (equivalent to thoroughbred stewards) often have to request prints of win, place, and show photos to determine the order of finish. North American redirects here. ...


Most races are run on tracks constructed solely for harness racing (and may even have banked turns), but a few tracks conduct both harness and Thoroughbred flat racing.


Until the 1990s, harness tracks featured a rail on the inside, much like Thoroughbred tracks. This changed to the use of pylons, usually of a flexible material, which marked the inside boundary of the course. This innovation was mainly for safety reasons, as it allowed a driver to pull off to the inside of the course if necessary, avoiding injury to himself, his horse and other competitors. In addition, this change allowed another innovation called "open stretch racing," where an additional lane was opened to the inside of the traditional placement of the rail. Assuming the race leader was positioned on the rail at the top of the home stretch, that leader was required by rule to maintain that line (or perhaps move further out), while horses behind the leader could be moved into the open lane and potentially pass the leader. This helped alleviate a common problem where trailing horses would be "boxed in" behind the leader and another horse to the outside, and made race results more wide open — and thus more attractive to bettors with potentially higher payoffs. Open lane racing is only used in certain jurisdictions.


Australia

For more details on this topic, see Harness racing in Australia.

Australian racing differs from North American racing in that distances are generally above one mile and horses are classed by how many wins they have. Another large difference is that in Australian racing the leader does not have to hand up the lead to any horse that challenges, often leaving a horse parked outside the leader in the "death seat" or simply "the death", as this horse covers more ground than the leader. Australian racing generally has more horses in each race, a field of 12 or 13 is not uncommon. This generally means that with the smaller tracks a "three wide train" starts as the field gets the bell at signal their final lap. Harness Racing at the 2007 Interdominion Championships held at Globe Derby Park in South Australia in January 2007 Harness racing in Australia is administered by The Australian Harness Racing Council (AHRC), with each State’s Principal Racing Authority agreeing to abide by, and to enforce the Australian Harness Racing Rules... Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ... North American redirects here. ... Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ...


New Zealand racing is quite similar to that of Australia. Many horses are able to easily "cross the Tasman" and compete as well on either side of the sea that separates Australia and New Zealand. fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ...


In both New Zealand and Australia the same system of an 'open lane' operates, although in Australia it is called a 'sprint lane' and in New Zealand a 'passing lane'. These lanes do not operate on all tracks and have been a point of argument between many industry participants.


Important Races

In North America

Important annual races include the Hambletonian for 3--ear old trotters, the Little Brown Jug for 3-year-old pacers, and the Breeders Crown series of twelve races covering each of the traditional categories of age, gait and gender. The Hambletonian is part of the Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters and the Little Brown Jug is part of the Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers. Important Canadian races include the North America Cup (for pacers), the Canadian Pacing Derby, and the Maple Leaf Trot. The Hambletonian is a United States harness racing event held annually for three-year-old trotting standardbreds. ... The Little Brown Jug is a harness race for three-year-old pacing standardbreds hosted by the Delaware County Agricultural Society since 1946 at the County Fairgrounds in Delaware, Ohio. ... The Breeders Crown is an annual series of Harness races covering each of the sports twelve traditional categories of age, gait and gender. ... The Hambletonian is a United States harness racing event held annually for three-year-old trotting standardbreds. ... The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters consists of the following horse races: Hambletonian Yonkers Trot Kentucky Futurity Since its inauguration in 1955, only seven horses have ever won the Trotting Triple Crown. ... The Little Brown Jug is a harness race for three-year-old pacing standardbreds hosted by the Delaware County Agricultural Society since 1946 at the County Fairgrounds in Delaware, Ohio. ... The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers consists of the following horse races: Cane Pace Messenger Stakes Little Brown Jug The traditional order of the races was Cane Pace, Little Brown Jug, and Messenger. ... The North America Cup is an annual harness racing event held at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario, Canada for 3-year-old standardbred pacing horses. ...


The most notable harness tracks in North America are the Meadowlands Racetrack in New Jersey, The Red Mile in Kentucky and Woodbine Racetrack and Mohawk Raceway, both in Ontario (harness racing is more popular than thoroughbred racing in Canada). Since 1947, the "United States Harness Writers" Association annually votes for the "Harness Horse of the Year." Since inception, a pacer has received the honor 31 times and a trotter 26 times. The Meadowlands Racetrack is a horse racing track at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Red Mile is a horse racing track located in Lexington, KY. The track hosts harness racing, a type of horse racing in which the horses must pull two-wheeled carts called sulkies while racing. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Woodbine Racetrack in the northwestern suburb of Rexdale in Toronto, Ontario is the only horseracing track in North America which stages, or is capable of staging, thoroughbred and standardbred horseracing programs on the same day. ... Mohawk Raceway is a harness racing track in Campbellville, Ontario. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Australia

The marquee event of Australian racing is the Inter Dominion Series, which includes a pacing series and a trotting series. The series is held yearly and rotated around the Australian State Controlling Bodies and once every four years the Inter Dominion Championships are held in New Zealand. The Interdominions is a harness racing competition held between horses from Australia and New Zealand. ...


The major events for open age pacers in Australia are the Miracle Mile, A.G. Hunter Cup, Victoria Cup and the Australian Pacing Championship. The most prestigious events for three year olds including the Victoria Derby, the New South Wales Derby and the Australian Derby. The Miracle Mile is an Australian harness racing event held over 1760 metres at Harold Park Racetrack each November. ... The A.G. Hunter Cup is one of the toughest races in Harness racing. ... The Australian Pacing Championship is a harness racing event showcasing some of Australias best pacers. ... The Victoria Derby is Australias oldest classic harness race, dating back to 1914. ... The New South Wales Derby is a classic harness racing competition for three-year-old horses held annually at Harold Park in Sydney. ... The Australian Derby is a harness racing event held for 3 year old pacers which has been shared between many of Australias premier tracks and is currently held annunally at Launceston in Tasmania. ...


In New Zealand the major races include the Auckland Cup and the New Zealand Cup as well as the Noel J Taylor Memorial Mile and the New Zealand Messenger Championship. There are also the New Zealand Derby and the Great Northern Derby for three year olds. Harness Racing/Pacing The Auckland Cup is a major horse race, held for standardbred horses in Auckland, New Zealand each year. ... The New Zealand Trotting Cup is a Group I harness race held annually by the NZ Metropolitan Trotting Club at Addington Raceway in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Noel J Taylor Memorial Mile is an event for 4 year old pacing horses in New Zealand. ... The New Zealand Messenger Championship is an event for 4 year old pacing horses in New Zealand. ... The New Zealand Derby is a classic event in New Zealand for 3 year old harness horses. ... The Great Northern Derby is a harness racing event for 3 year old standardbreds. ...


For the younger horses there are series that stem from yearling sales including the Australian Pacing Gold and an Australasian Breeders Crown. The Australian Pacing Gold is a futurity series for harness racing horses sold out of the Australian Pacing Gold sales held all over Australia. ... The Australian Breeders Crown is a futurity race series for horses bred in Australia and New Zealand. ...


In Continental Europe

The leading harness racing nations in Europe are France, Italy and Sweden, and the sport is fairly popular in most northern European countries. Practically all races in Europe are trotting races. Saddled events, though less frequent, are not considered exceptional. The Prix d'Amerique at Vincennes hippodrome near Paris, France is widely considered the most prestigious event of the European racing year. Other notable races include the Elitloppet one-mile race in Solvalla track near Stockholm, Sweden and Gran Premio Lotteria di Agnano in Naples, Italy. A yearly Grand Circuit tour for the top trotters includes a number of prestigious races across the continent. All notable racing nations also host their own highly regarded premier events for young horses. This article is about the city in France. ... Elitloppet is an annual Swedish Group One harness racing horse race that has taken place in Solvalla hippodrome, Stockholm, every year since 1952. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ...


Great Horses

Pacing Horses

Some of the world's great harness pacing horses: (+ denotes an American Triple Crown winner)


North America

Abercrombie (1975 - 2000) was a bay harness racing horse by Silent Majority out of Bergdorf by Duane Hanover. ... Adios (January 3, 1940–1965) was a champion harness racing sire. ... The horse Adios Butler (1956 - 1983) was a North American harness racing champion. ... Albatross (1968 - 1998) was a bay horse by Meadow Skipper out of Voodoo Hanover by Dancer Hanover. ... Bret Hanover (May 19, 1962 - November 21, 1992), possibly the greatest ever pacing Standardbred, was born at Hanover Shoe Farms in Pennsylvania. ... Cam Fella (1979 - 2001) was a bay pacing horse by Most Happy Fella out of Nan Cam by Bret Hanover. ... Dan Patch was a brown standardbred horse by Joe Patchen out of Zelica, and the outstanding pacer of his day. ... Georgia Pacific is a dark bay Standardbred race horse. ... Matts Scooter is a bay pacing ridgeling by Direct Scooter out of Ellens Glory by Meadow Skipper. ... Niatross (1977-1999) was a champion standardbred race horse The son of Albatross out of the mare Niagara Dream, Niatross was born on March 30, 1977. ... Precious Bunny (foaled in 1988) is a bay horse by Cam Fella out of Bunnys Wish by B Gs Bunny. ... Rambling Willie (April 18, 1970 - August 24, 1995) was a harness racing horse, more specifically a bay pacing gelding sired by Rambling Fury and out of Meadow Belle by Meadow Gold. ... Star Pointer was the first standardbred horse to complete a mile in less than two minutes. ... In baseball, a strikeout or strike out (denoted by K or SO) occurs when the batter receives three strikes during his time at bat. ...

Australasia

Cardigan Bay (1956–1988) was a bay pacing gelding by Hal Tryax out of Colwyn Bay by Josedale Dictator. ... Elsu (1999-current) was a black pacing horse by Falcon Seelster out of Interchange by New York Motoring. ... Hondo Grattan was a pacer from Bathurst, New South Wales known as the Bathurst Bulldog. ... Lombo Pocket Watch is a grey harness racing colt, gaited a pacer he was foaled 16 October 2003. ... Popular Alm was an Australian race horse. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Pure Steel is probably the most popular horse in Australian Harness racing history. ... Robalan was a champion New Zealand pacer which won the New Zealand Cup in 1978 over 3200 meters. ... Young Quinn is one of the best known standardbred racehorses ever to come from New Zealand. ...

Trotting Horses

Some of the great harness trotting horses: (+ denotes a Triple Crown winner)


North America

Billyjojimbob (born in 1987) is a champion trotting gelding by Balanced Image out of Ginger Jewel by Tough Cookie. ... Glidemaster is a Standardbred trotting horse who won the Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters in 2006, capturing the Hambletonian, Kentucky Futurity and Yonkers Trot. ... Greyhound was a grey Standardbred gelding by Guy Abbey out of Elizabeth by Peter the Great . ... Hambletonian 10 (May 5, 1849 - 1876) was a stallion bred by Jonas Seely, Jr. ... Mack Lobell (born in the United States in 1984) is a brown racing trotter by Mystic Park out of Matina Hanover by Speedy Count. ... Moni Maker (born in the United States in 1993) is a brown racing trotter by Speedy Crown out of Nans Catch by Bonefish. ... Victory Song (1944 - 1963) was a trotting horse who was bought as a yearling by Castleton Farm of Lexington, Kentucky. ... Windsongs Legacy is a standardbred trotting horse who won the Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters in 2004, capturing the Hambletonian, Yonkers Trot and Kentucky Futurity titles. ...

Europe

Varenne (born in Italy in 1995), a Dark Bay racing trotter by Waikiki Beach out of Ialmaz by Zebu. ...

Australasia

Lyell Creek is one of New Zealands best ever trotters. ... Maori’s Idol faces a tough task to win as an early three year old against older horses said the morning newspaper[1] when he was to make his first race start. ...

See also

The Harness Racing Museum & Hall of Fame is a museum and historic race track in Goshen, New York. ... The Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame was established in 1978 located at the Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario to honor those who have made a significant contribution to the sport of harness and thoroughbred horse racing in Canada. ... Mohawk Raceway is a harness racing track in Campbellville, Ontario. ... Woodbine Racetrack in the northwestern suburb of Rexdale in Toronto, Ontario is the only horseracing track in North America which stages, or is capable of staging, thoroughbred and standardbred horseracing programs on the same day. ... The Red Mile is a horse racing track located in Lexington, KY. The track hosts harness racing, a type of horse racing in which the horses must pull two-wheeled carts called sulkies while racing. ... The Meadowlands Racetrack is a horse racing track at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ...

References

  1. ^ World Trotting Conference 2003. Standardbred Canada (2002). Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  2. ^ The Standardbred. The Gaited Horse Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  3. ^ The Horse In Sport. The International Museum of The Horse. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Horses - Harness Racing - Wales and Border Counties Harness Racing - Equiworld - Equestrian Information - horses and ... (679 words)
Harness Racing has been established in Mid- and South Wales since before the end of the nineteenth century, racing the native breed of horses, the Welsh Cobs.
Race meetings are held every weekend until the end of September, while mid-week evening meetings are held regularly during July and August.
Saddle races are very popular, as are six furlong races and races for drivers over fifty, as well as the exciting junior races.
harness race: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1965 words)
In harness racing, Standardbred horses are harnessed to lightweight, two-wheeled, bodiless (seat-only) vehicles known as sulkies.
Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait.
Assuming the race leader was positioned on the rail at the top of the home stretch, that leader was required by rule to maintain that line (or perhaps move further out), while horses behind the leader could be moved into the open lane and potentially pass the leader.
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