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Encyclopedia > Harm reduction

Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health, intended to be a progressive alternative to the prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle choices. The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... This article is about Progressivism. ...


The central idea of harm reduction is the recognition that some people always have and always will engage in behaviours which carry risks, such as casual sex, prostitution, and drug use. The main objective of harm reduction is to mitigate the potential dangers and health risks associated with the risky behaviours themselves. Another objective of harm reduction is to reduce harm associated with, or caused by, the legal circumstances under which the behaviours are carried out (for example, prohibition of certain acts or substances can help create a black market where illicit trade flourishes). Casual sex refers to sexual activity outside the context of a romantic relationship, consisting of a range of informal sexual encounters. ... Whore redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into underground economy. ...


Harm reduction initiatives range from widely accepted ideas, such as designated driver campaigns, to more controversial initiatives, like the provision of condoms in public schools, needle exchange programs or safer injection sites for intravenous drug users, drug legalization, and heroin maintenance programs. A designated driver is an individual within a group of people drinking alcoholic beverages at an event/establishment who promises to remain sober to drive the others home afterwards. ... A condom is a device, usually made of latex, or more recently polyurethane, that is used during sexual intercourse. ... Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health, intended to be a progressive alternative to the prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle choices. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ...


Harm reductionists contend that no one should be denied services, such as health care or social security, merely because they take certain risks or exhibit certain behaviours that are illegal or are generally disapproved of by society as a whole. Further, harm reduction seeks to take a social justice stance in response to behaviours such as the use of illicit drugs or prostitution, as opposed to criminalising and prosecuting these behaviours. Often, harm reduction advocates the view that prohibition of drugs is discriminatory, ineffective and counter-productive. Among other arguments, they point out that the burden placed on the public health system and society as a whole from cannabis use and other illegal drugs are relatively low. They also contend that the substances are still widely used, despite extremely expensive attempts to enforce laws criminalizing them, and that the prohibition has the effect of criminalizing and marginalizing otherwise law-abiding drug users. A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Social security primarily refers to a field of social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... Many drugs are provided in tablet form. ...


Critics of harm reduction contend that it appears to condone and even facilitate behaviors that are dangerous, socially destabilizing or considered immoral. For these reasons, harm reduction has been very controversial in the United States, where it has met more resistance than in Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. In the United States, debate about harm reduction is very polarized. Advocates are often characterized as "pro-drug". Opponents of harm reduction are often criticised for ignoring the realities and circumstances of addictions, disregarding scientific evidence, marginalizing the basic human rights of affected persons, and responding from a position of "moral panic". World map showing the location of Europe. ... A moral panic is a reaction by a group of people based on the false or exaggerated perception that some cultural behavior or group, frequently a minority group or a subculture, is dangerously deviant and poses a menace to society. ...


There is a third group that advocates an approach which is sometimes referred to as gradualism. Gradualism advocates are of the opinion that harm reduction programs are sometimes rooted in pessimism about the ability of addicts to stop their illegal addictive behaviors and represent the "soft bigotry of low expectations."[citation needed] They are unlikely to categorize interventions as "good" or "bad". Rather, they tend to be more concerned that programs should urge clients toward abstinence when windows of opportunity open.[citation needed] Abstinence is a voluntary restraint from indulging a desire or appetite for certain bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure. ...

Contents

Drugs

Cannabis

Some harm reductionists favor outright legalization of cannabis, allowing its sale e.g. through Dutch-style "coffee shops". Others think the best option would be some degree of decriminalization, such as allowing the possession of small amounts of cannabis and possibly its cultivation for personal use, while concentrating law-enforcement resources on more serious crimes, e.g. crimes that have victims instead of an individual breaking a law of prohibition. Legalization is the process of removing a legal prohibition against something which is currently illegal. ... Coffee Shop is a song by the Red Hot Chili Peppers from their 1995 album, One Hot Minute. ... Decriminalization is the reduction or abolition of criminal penalties in relation to certain acts. ...


Cannabis decriminalization has been a hotly debated issue in many parts of the world, especially in many Western European countries such as Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Portugal, and Spain, where some measures have been taken towards lifting the ban on cannabis. Mexico's recent legalization of possession of small amounts of marijuana for recreational use has also prompted increased concern about the drug becoming more available in the United States.


Related articles: Legal issues of cannabis, Health issues and the effects of cannabis, Cannabis rescheduling in the United States World laws on cannabis possession (small amount). ... This article is about health issues and the effects of cannabis. ... Schedules of Controlled Substances Schedule I The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse. ...


Methadone

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Some harm reductionists advocate the availability of the synthetic drug methadone (or, more recently, of buprenorphine) for users who are dependent on opioids (e.g. heroin, codeine). Methadone does not cause a strong euphoria in the user but reduces or eliminates cravings and the symptoms of opioid withdrawal. Therefore, harm reductionists maintain, methadone should be made widely available to people, temporarily or permanently, to promote the transition to a fulfilling and healthy lifestyle. Critics of methadone treatment claim that this is merely a substitution of one addiction for another, or that methadone treatment does not work. There is an international literature to show that methadone programmes can help opioid users stabilise their lifestyles by obtaining a legal, regulated substitute drug. This could potentially help them look after themselves, their families, and re-enter the work force or pursue further education. These are the building blocks for regaining dignity and self esteem and are imperative for those who want to become contributing members of society. Harm reduction is a flexible philosophy that stresses understanding of the needs of the drug user, and responding to these needs in a way as flexible and realistic as the local laws allow, working at the pace - and to achieve the goals - that the person wants. However, for those drug users who want to change their life, substitute medication should be complemented by psychological and practical support, enabling the person to reach their stated goals. In the UK prescribing methadone is seen as a way of reducing drug related-crime — the provision of substitute medication removes the need to buy drugs through the underground street market. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Methadone is a synthetic opioid, used medically as an analgesic and in the treatment of narcotic addiction. ... Buprenorphine, is an opioid drug with partial agonist and antagonist actions. ... An opioid is any agent that binds to opioid receptors found principally in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ... Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... Withdrawal, also known as withdrawal syndrome, refers to the characteristic signs and symptoms that appear when a drug that causes physical dependence is regularly used for a long time and then suddenly discontinued or decreased in dosage. ...


Benefits of methadone treatment

These are benefits as stated by a Belgian Consensus Conference on Methadone Treatment, conducted by the Belgian Minister of Health. The following conclusions were sent to every Belgian doctor: 1.

  • Methadone is an effective medication for the treatment of opioid addiction.
  • Methadone (and any other suitable opioid medically prescribed for an addicted person) reduces illegal heroin consumption, especially injection, reduces mortality related to heroin addiction, reduces the risk of infection with HIV as well as hepatitis B and C, improves therapeutic compliance of HIV-positive drug addicts, facilitates detection of illness and health education strategies and is associated with an improvement in socio-professional aptitude along with a reduction in delinquency.
  • Prolonged treatment with proper doses of methadone is medically safe. At present, methadone has not been shown to be toxic for any organ.
  • There is no scientific reason to limit the overall number of heroin addicts admitted for methadone treatment.
  • Methadone treatment availability should be increased in order to respond to the need for such treatment, including by private practitioners.
  • Psycho-social support is not compulsory and should be adapted to the individual needs of patients.

Syringe exchange and related programs

A bin allowing for safe disposal of needles in a public toilet in Caernarfon, Wales.

The use of heroin and certain other illicit drugs can involve hypodermic syringes (mainly because of high prices, limited quality and thus limited availability as a saving measure). In some areas (notably in many parts of the US), these are available solely by prescription. Where availability is limited, users of heroin and other drugs frequently share the syringes and use them more than once. As a result, one user's infection (such as HIV or Hepatitis C) can spread to other users through the reuse of syringes contaminated with infected blood, and the repeated use of a non-sterilised syringe by a single user also bears a significant infection risk. Image File history File links 800px-Caernarfon_womens_toilets. ... Image File history File links 800px-Caernarfon_womens_toilets. ... Look up Bin on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Bin can refer to: Any container for storing any kind of material or items, usually with a large opening at the top so that contents can easily be removed, often with a lid. ... A syringe nowadays nearly always means a medical syringe, but it can mean any of these: A simple hand-powered piston pump consisting of a plunger that can be pulled and pushed along inside a cylindrical tube (the barrel), which has a small hole on one end, so it can... An ultramodern mens washroom, showing a row of sinks embedded into a large marble slab on the right. ... Caernarfon (the original Welsh spelling is now almost always used in preference to the anglicised forms, Caernarvon or Carnarvon) is a royal town in north-west Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


The principles of harm reduction propose that syringes should be easily available (i.e. without a prescription). Where syringes are provided in sufficient quantities, rates of HIV are much lower than in places where supply is restricted. Harm reductionists also argue that users should be supplied free of charge at clinics set up for this purpose: so-called needle exchange programs. Critics claim that these measures will encourage immoral behavior, the use of illegalized drugs, by making it easier to inject them without endangering oneself, although it has been shown in the many evaluations of needle exchange programs that in areas where clean syringes are more available illegal drug use is not higher than in areas where this is not the case. A closely related harm reduction based initiative is the "safe injection" site (see below). A needle-exchange programme is a social policy based on the philosophy of harm reduction whereby people can obtain hypodermic needles and syringes without a prescription for little or no cost. ...


DanceSafe and related programs

DanceSafe is a not-for-profit organization in the United States, wherein volunteers situated at raves and similar events perform free-of-charge tests on pills that participants bought on the assumption they were Ecstasy. These tests are viewed by proponents as a viable means of Harm Reduction because Ecstasy sold on the black market is commonly impure, containing unknown chemicals which can occasionally be harmful to the user. DanceSafe does not sell Ecstasy or other drugs; rather, they perform chemical tests after being provided with a sample of a pill by its owner. Harm reductionists support these programs as a means of information for drug users of the purity of their drugs, thus decreasing the possibility of accidental overdoses and adverse drug reactions. Similar programs have been proposed and, in some cases, implemented to test the purity of other drugs. Critics of these services claim that such programs encourage immoral drug use by making it safer. DanceSafe is a nonprofit, harm reduction organization, with 28 local chapters in the US and Canada, established for the purpose of reducing the inherent risks associated with recreational drug use. ... A rave party, more often called a rave, is an all-night dance event where DJs and other performers play electronic dance music and rave music. ... MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), most commonly known by the street names ecstasy or XTC (for more names see the full list), is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family, whose primary effect is believed to be the stimulation of secretion as well as inhibition of re-uptake of large amounts...


In Australia the first program targeting those attending raves was Ravesafe, conducted in Sydney in 1993 by the NSW USers & AIDS Association as a part of the TRIBES project. In Melbourne ravers self-organised Ravesafe Melbourne in 1995. This project received government funding in 1997. Raves can refer to: Rave party Raves, a commune in the Vosges département, in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... Melbourne (pronounced ) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ...


A service hosted in Russia called Bluelight was formed initially as an MDMA-focused harms reduction resource, and has since matured into a multi-substance harms reduction community. [1]


Drunk driving and alcohol-related programs

A high amount of media coverage exists informing users of the dangers of driving drunk. Most alcohol users are now aware of these dangers and safe ride techniques like 'designated drivers' and free taxicab programs are reducing the number of drunk-driving accidents. Many cities have free-ride-home programs during holidays involving high alcohol abuse, and some bars and clubs will provide a visibly drunk patron with a free cab ride. Drunk driving (drink driving in the UK) or drinking and driving is the act of operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol (i. ... A designated driver is an individual within a group of people drinking alcoholic beverages at an event/establishment who promises to remain sober to drive the others home afterwards. ...


In New South Wales [Australia] groups of licensees have formed local liquor accords and collectively developed, implemented and promoted a range of harm minimisation programs including the aforementioned 'designated driver' and 'late night patron transport' schemes. Many of the transport schemes are free of charge to patrons, to encourage them to avoid drink-driving and at the same time reduce the impact of noisy patrons loitering around late night venues.


Moderation Management is a program which helps drinkers to cut back on their consumption of alcohol by encouraging safe drinking behavior.


Sex

Safer sex programs

Many schools now provide safer sex education to teen and pre-teen students, some of whom engage in sexual activity. Given the premise that some, if not most, adolescents are going to have sex, a harm-reductionist approach supports a sexual education which emphasizes the use of protective devices like condoms and dental dams to protect against unwanted pregnancy and the transmission of STDs. This runs contrary to the ideology of abstinence-only sex education, which holds that telling kids about sex can encourage them to engage in it. Safe sex (also called safer sex) is a term describing practices designed to reduce the risk of sustaining or imparting sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) (also known as sexually-transmitted diseases or STDs in the US). ... A standard latex condom still rolled up This article is about the contraceptive device. ... Dental dams or rubber dams are essentially rectangular sheets of latex used in dentistry, specifically endodontic therapy. ... A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an illness caused by an infectious pathogen that has a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Supporters of this approach cite statistics which they claim demonstrate that this approach is significantly more effective at preventing teenage pregnancy and STDs than abstinence-only programs; social conservatives disagree with these claims -- see the sex education article for more details on this controversy. An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ...


Legalized prostitution

There are many advocates of the legalization of prostitution in jurisdictions where it is illegal. Proponents state that there are several benefits: Whore redirects here. ...

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an illness caused by an infectious pathogen that has a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. ... Victimless crime has the following applications: A victimless crime is one in which the victim is the accused. ...

Self-harm

Harm reduction programs work with people who are at risk of harming themselves (e.g. cutting, burning themselves with cigarettes, etc.). Such programs aim at education and the provision of medical services for wounds and other negative consequences. The hope is that the harmful behaviour will be moderated and the people helped to keep safe as they learn to take more responsibility for their behaviour.


Other forms of harm reduction initiative

Other harm reduction programs to be expanded on:

  • Encouragement of the use of safer smoking alternatives such as vaporizers, as opposed to water pipes, cigarettes and straight pipes
  • Encouragement of the the use of smokeless systems of nicotine delivery, known as Tobacco harm reduction, as opposed to the much riskier method of burning and inhaling tobacco.
  • Promote the use of safer modes of use such as safer crack pipes (as opposed to use of a pipe which may burn or cut the users mouth, increasing risk of transmittable diseases) Use of screens which are safer than the use of a brillo pad which may embed metal particles into the lungs.
  • Promote various safer use strategies such as having a chronic alcoholic have a chaser of water between drinks.
  • Advocate the use of a Substitute Decision Maker or Power of Attorney so a person's rent is paid before the drug of choice, ensuring the person always has housing.
  • Provide vitamins to ensure a person's physical needs are somewhat met
  • Lessen the use of mouthwash, gravol, cough syrup etc as a substance to use, substitute with something less destructive to the human body.
  • Harm reduction also reduces harm to community, thus teaching a user to dispose of a dirty needle properly, lessening chance of accidental needle prick.
  • Allowing young people decision making power and access to contraceptives
  • Allowing young people decision making power and access to abortions
  • State regulated production and distribution of formerly illegal drugs (legalization)

A conduction-style vaporizer. ... Tobacco harm reduction describes actions taken to lower the health risks associated with using tobacco or nicotine. ...

Safer injection sites

Main article: Safe injection site

"Safe injection rooms" are legally sanctioned, supervised facilities designed to reduce the health and public order problems associated with illegal injection drug use. Safe injection sites are places for intravenous injectors of illegal drugs to use their drugs in a controlled and monitored environment. ...


Safe injection rooms provide sterile injection equipment, information about drugs and health care, treatment referrals, and access to medical staff. Some offer counseling, hygienic and other services of use to itinerant and impoverished individuals. Most programs prohibit the sale or purchase of illegal drugs. Many require identification cards. Some restrict access to local residents and apply other admission criteria.


Evaluations of safe injection rooms generally find them successful in reducing injection-related risks and harms, including vein damage, overdose and transmission of disease. They also appear to be successful in reducing public order problems associated with illicit drug use, including improper syringe disposal and publicly visible illegal drug use.


The first and only safe injection site in North America, Insite, opened in Vancouver, BC Canada, in September 2003. Safe injection sites are places for intravenous injectors of illegal drugs to use their drugs in a controlled and monitored environment. ... Logo of Insite. ... Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km...


There are some 47 safer injection sites in cities in Europe. Generally in Europe they are referred to as "safer consumption rooms".


Some facts about safer injection sites can be found at Drug War Facts.


In five years of operation, Sydney’s Medically Supervised Injecting Centre has treated one thousand seven hundred cases of dangerous overdosing without a single fatality. [2] The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... A drug overdose occurs when a drug is ingested in quantities and/or concentrations large enough to overwhelm the homeostasis of a living organism, causing severe illness or death. ...


Heroin maintenance programs

Providing a medical prescription for pharmaceutical heroin (diamorphine) to heroin addicts has been seen in some countries as a way of solving the ‘heroin problem’ with potential benefits to the individual addict and to society.


In Switzerland Heroin Assisted Treatment is fully a part of the national health program. There are some 38 centers throughout the country at which dependent persons can receive heroin maintenance. The Swiss heroin maintenance program is generally regarded as a success and a valuable component of that country's overall approach to managing drug use in a harm decreasing manner. See the Reporton the Evaluation of the Swiss Scientific Studies of Medically Prescribed Narcotics to Drug Addicts.


The British have had system of heroin maintenance since the 1920s. It was de-emphasized somewhat during the 1960s-1980s as a result of the U.S. led "war on drugs". However, in recent years the British are again moving toward heroin maintenance as a legitimate component of their National Health Service. This is because evidence is clear that methadone maintenance is not the answer for all opioid addicts and that heroin is a viable maintenance drug which has shown equal or better rates of success in terms of assisting long-term users establish stable, crime-free lives. Access a British report on heroin maintenance entitled Prescribing Heroin: what is the evidence?


The Netherlands is another country which has had several successful studies of medically supervised heroin maintenance. Results of two major clinical studies involving 547 heroin treatment patients are available from the CCBH (Central Committee on the Treatment of Heroin Addicts) website.


The first, and only, North American heroin maintenance project is being run in Vancouver, B.C. and Montreal, Quebec. Currently some 80+ long-term heroin addicts who have not been helped by available treatment options are taking part in the NAOMI (North American Opiate Medication Initiative) trials. Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ...


Criticism of harm reduction

Critics maintain that a risk posed by Harm Reduction is by creating the perception that certain behaviours can be partaken safely, such as illicit drug use, that it may lead to an increase in that behavior by people who would otherwise be deterred.


See also

Brief intervention A Brief intervention is a technique, similar to an intervention, to help reduce alcohol misuse. ...


External links

  • Evidence Knowledge Exchange Workshops, resources and links to harm reduction and addictive behaviors
  • Harm Reduction CoalitionThe Harm Reduction Coalition is a national advocacy and capacity-building organization that promotes the health and dignity of individuals and communities impacted by drug use.
  • The Chicago Recovery Alliance
  • The Canadian Harm Reduction Network(includes content from the Toronto Harm Reduction Task Force)
  • Harm Reduction ProjectProvides support and resources to both the marginalized and their providers.
  • UK Harm Reduction Alliance
  • Harm Reduction Works
  • TRIP! Project A Toronto-based, harm reduction-focused nightlife awareness project.
  • Hi! My Name Is Tina. A crystal meth website with a focus on Toronto's gay community.
  • Harm reduction strategies in illicit drug use
  • The United Nations and Harm Reduction website of the Transnational Institute (TNI)
  • International Harm Reduction Association (IHRA)
  • Asian Harm Reduction Network (AHRN)
  • Tobacco Harm Reduction site from the University of Alberta School of Public Health
  • GRIP Montréalis a non profit organization established in Montreal since 1997. GRIP’s first goal is to dispense information and education about psychotropic substances to help individuals (particularly youth) to be more capable in making enlightened decisions regarding the use of drugs.
  • DrugPolicy.org Policy initiatives promoting public health, public safety, and human rights.
  • The Needle and the Damage Undone discusses Insite a safe-injecting room initiative in Vancouver, Canada.
  • The harm reduction Bulletin Board The Eudoxa think tank's Bulletin Board for harm reduction discussions
  • The Australian Drug Blog Health professionals debate harm minimisation strategies
  • The HAMS Harm Reduction Network
  • AIDSPortal page on injecting drug use Research, case studies and news stories
  • Drug Policy Debate: Helpful Links / Sources of Information
  • Positive Health Project New York, NY - Harm reduction resources and education
  • Bluelight, Bluelight is an international message board that educates the public about responsible drug use by promoting free discussion.
  • Erowid, Erowid is a member-supported organization providing access to reliable, non-judgmental information about psychoactive plants and chemicals and related issues.
  • Harm Reduction Coalition, Getting Off Right: A Safety Manual for Injection Drug Users: A how-to survival guide for injection drug users.
  • Drug Policy Alliance, About Methadone
  • Harm Reduction: A British Columbia Community Guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harm reduction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2211 words)
Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health intended to be a progressive alternative to the prohibition of certain lifestyle choices.
Harm reduction initiatives range from widely accepted designated driver campaigns, to more controversial initiatives like the provision of condoms in schools, safe injection rooms, drug legalization, heroin maintenance programs, and the provision of sterile surgical facilities for female circumcision (also known as female genital mutilation) in order to reduce infections.
Harm reduction is a flexible philosophy that stresses understanding of the needs of the drug user, and responding to these needs in a flexible and realistic way, working at the pace and to achieve the goals that the person wants.
HARM REDUCTION AND HIV (706 words)
Harm reduction is a way of dealing with behavior that damages the health of the person involved and of their community.
Harm reduction is a public health approach to behaviors that harm individuals and their communities.
Harm reduction focuses on improving the health of individuals and the public, more than on eliminating harmful behaviors, although that is the ultimate goal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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