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Encyclopedia > Hardcore punk
Hardcore punk
Stylistic origins
Cultural origins
Circa 1980, North America
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity Low to Mid depending on subgenre
Derivative forms Alternative rock - Grunge - Post-hardcore
Subgenres
Christian hardcore - D-beat - Emo - Grindcore - Melodic hardcore - Powerviolence - Skate punk - Thrashcore - Youth crew
Fusion genres
Crossover thrash - Crust punk - Funkcore - Jazzcore - Horror punk - Metalcore - Rapcore - Skacore - Sludge metal - Thrash metal
Regional scenes
Australia - Brazil - Japan - Canada
Europe: Italy - South Wales - Scandinavia: Umeå
USA: Boston - California - Chicago - Detroit - Minneapolis - New Jersey - New York - North Carolina - Indiana - Philadelphia - Phoenix - Richmond, VA - DC - San Diego, CA
Other topics
Hardcore dancing - Straight edge - DIY punk ethic - List of bands - List of genres

Hardcore punk is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America around 1980. The new sound was generally thicker, heavier and faster than earlier punk rock.[1] The songs are usually short, fast and loud, covering topics such as politics, personal freedom, violence, social alienation, Straight Edge, war, and the hardcore subculture itself.[2][3][4] Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Two different electric guitars. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Grunge redirects here. ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Christian hardcore is a form of hardcore and metalcore music and a subgenre of punk rock played by bands where the musicians promote Christian beliefs. ... D-beat is a drum beat, specifically a fast rock beat unique to hardcore punk, especially in its UK and European variants. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ... Melodic hardcore is a subgenre of hardcore punk. ... Power violence or powerviolence is a sub-genre of grindcore that tends to refocus its musical energies on the original crust punk and hardcore punk, that had created the genre (grindcore) in the first place, as contrasted to the modern grindcore variants that have become increasingly associated with death... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Thrashcore is an extremely fast subgenre of punk rock and saw its beginnings after the beginnings of hardcore punk in the early 1980s. ... Youth crew is a sub-genre of hardcore punk that was most popular from approximately 1986 to 1990, primarily in New York City and, to a lesser degree, Los Angeles. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Crusty redirects here. ... Funkcore is a music genre or movement derived from a fusion of hardcore punk and funk. ... Horror punk is a music genre that was defined by the band The Misfits, blending horror movie lyrical themes and imagery with musical influences from early punk rock, doo-wop, and, to a lesser degree, rockabilly. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, gangsta rap, hard rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, hardcore punk and sometimes funk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of the doom metal and hardcore punk genres, often displaying southern rock influence. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... South Wales is home to a scene containing a number of influential bands within the hardcore, post hardcore metalcore, alternative metal, punk and emo musical genres. ... Scandinavian hardcore often refers to a a style of hardcore punk that originated in the 1980s that is somewhat associated with D-beat. ... Umeå is a city in northern Sweden. ... Boston Hardcore is the influential hardcore punk scene of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The California punk scene is a regional punk music scene that started in the late 1970s and still exists today. ... Chicago developed a hardcore punk scene in the early 1980s that was more experimental than its counterparts in Washington, DC, L.A., and New York City. ... The Detroit Suburbs were the location of one of the first important hardcore punk scenes that swept underground America in the early 1980s. ... // The Minneapolis area has been a fertile ground for the hardcore punk scene for many years. ... New Jersey hardcore (NJHC) refers to hardcore punk and metalcore music created in New Jersey and to the subculture associated with that music. ... New York Hardcore (NYHC) refers to hardcore punk music created in New York City and to the subculture associated with that music. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Philadelphia hardcore refers to hardcore punk and thrash music created in Philadelphia and to the subculture associated with that music. ... Phoenix had a sizable hardcore punk scene in the 1980s that focused mainly around two bands from the citys east side, Meat Puppets and JFA. Meat Puppets, led by the Kirkwood brothers, signed to Greg Ginns SST Records and released several albums that proved to be highly... Washington, D.C. had the most prolific and blatantly political hardcore punk scene in the United States during the 1980s. ... Hardcore dancing grew out of the eastern United States hardcore scene, especially the New Jersey, New York, Boston, and Florida hardcore scenes. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... The DIY punk ethic refers to the idea of doing it yourself, i. ... This is a list of bands considered to be hardcore punk by some. ... This is a list of all musical hardcore genres: // Hardcore punk Melodic hardcore Post-hardcore Metalcore Crossover thrash Deathcore Christian hardcore Funkcore Thrashcore Grindcore Queercore Rapcore Hardcore hip hop Rapcore Hardcore techno Noisecore Breakbeat hardcore Breakcore Happy hardcore Speedcore Trancecore Terrorcore Industrial hardcore Hardcore punk Hardcore hip hop Hardcore techno... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Freedom. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... -1... The punk subculture is a subculture that is based around punk rock. ...


Hardcore spawned several fusion genres and subgenres, some of which had mainstream success, such as melodic hardcore, metalcore, and thrash metal. Melodic hardcore is a subgenre of hardcore punk. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ...

Contents

History

In North America, the music genre that became known as hardcore punk originated in different areas in late 1970s and early 1980s, with notable centers of activity in California, Washington, DC, Chicago, New York City, Winnipeg, Vancouver, Toronto and Boston. North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Boston redirects here. ...


The origin of the term "hardcore punk" is uncertain. The Vancouver-based band D.O.A. may have helped to popularize the term with the title of their 1981 album, Hardcore '81.[5][6][7] However, until about 1983, the term hardcore was used fairly sparingly, and mainly as a descriptive term. (i.e., a band would be called a "hardcore band" and a concert would be a "hardcore show"). American teenagers who were fans of hardcore punk simply considered themselves fans of punk – although they were not necessarily interested in the original punk rock sound of late 1970s (e.g., the Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash, the Damned, Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Richard Hell and the Voidoids, the Dead Boys). In many circles, hardcore was an in-group term, meaning 'music by people like us,' and it included a wide range of sounds, from hyper-speed hardcore to sludgy dirge-rock, and sometimes including arty experimental bands, such as The Stickmen and Flipper. D.O.A. is a hardcore punk band from Vancouver. ... Hardecore 81 is an Album by the canadian hardcore punk band D.O.A.. It is considered by some to be the first reference to the North Amrican Punk scene as hardcore. ... “Young Men” redirects here. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article is about the band. ... Sex Pistols are an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... This article is about the English punk rock band. ... // Religious In Western Christian belief, damnation to hell is the punishment of God for persons with unredeemed sin. ... Johnny Thunders Johnny Thunders, born John Anthony Genzale, Jr (July 15, 1952 - April 23, 1991), was a rock and roll guitarist and singer, first with the New York Dolls, the proto-punk glam rockers of the early 70s. ... The Voidoids, also known as Richard Hell and the Voidoids, were a New York City punk rock band of the late 1970s, fronted by Richard Hell, a former member of Television. ... The Dead Boys were a early punk band that formed in Cleveland, Ohio about 1975, evolving out of the band Rocket From The Tombs. ... In music, a band is a company of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of or improvising a musical arrangement on different musical instruments. ... Flipper is an influential punk/noise band from San Francisco, California, formed in 1979, continuing on in often erratic fashion until the mid-1990s, then reuniting in 2005. ...


Since most bands had little access to any means of production, hardcore lauded a do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. In most cities the hardcore scene relied on inexpensively-made DIY recordings done on four-track recorders and sold at shows or by mail. Concerts were promoted by photocopied zines, community radio shows, and affixing posters to walls and telephone poles. Hardcore punk fans adopted a dressed-down style of T-shirts, jeans, and crewcut style. While 1977-era punk had used DIY clothing as well, such as torn pants held together with safety pins, the "dressed down" style of 1980s hardcore scene contrasted with the more campy, elaborate and provocative fashion styles of late 1970s punk rockers such as Soo Catwoman, which featured make-up, elaborate hairdos and avant-garde clothing experiments. The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Historical records of events have been made for thousands of years in one form or another. ... A zine—an abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine[1][2]—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. ... T-Shirt A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt with short or long sleeves, a round neck, put on over the head, without pockets. ... This article is about the type of clothing. ... A crew cut is a type of haircut in which the hair is cut very short. ... Famous photograph of Soo Catwoman by Ray Stevenson. ...


At the same time, there was a parallel development in the UK of a British form of hardcore punk, which later became known as UK 82.[8]UK 82 bands such as Discharge and Charged GBH took the existing late 1970s punk sound and added the incessant, heavy drumbeats and "wall of sound" distortion guitar sound of New Wave of British Heavy Metal (NWOBHM) bands such as Motörhead. While North American hardcore punk and UK 82 hardcore developed at the same time, it is not clear whether UK 82 was directly influenced by the American hardcore punk scene, or vice versa. Discharge is an influential punk and metal band formed in the UK in 1977, whose music is characterized by a heavy, distorted, and grinding guitar-driven sound and anti-melodic shouted or screamed vocals, with lyrics on anarchist and pacifist themes. ... This page is about the UK punk rock band. ... The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as... This article is about the band. ...


"Godfathers" of the genre

Michael Azerrad's book Our Band Could Be Your Life and Steven Blush' documentary film American Hardcore describes three bands -- Black Flag, Bad Brains, and Minor Threat -- as the most important and influential in the genre. Azerrad calls Black Flag the music’s "godfathers;" credits Bad Brains, formed in Washington, D.C. in 1977, with introducing "light speed" tempos" to hardcore; and describes Minor Threat as the "definitive" hardcore punk band. Michael Azerrad is an American author, journalist and musician. ... Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground, 1981-1991 is a book by Michael Azerrad (ISBN 0-316-78753-1). ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... Bad Brains are an American punk rock band, originally formed in Washington, D.C. in 1979 . ... Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band that formed in Washington DC in 1980 and disbanded in 1983. ... A godparent, in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ... Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band that formed in Washington DC in 1980 and disbanded in 1983. ...


Black Flag, formed by guitarist and songwriter Greg Ginn in Los Angeles in 1976, had a major impact on the Los Angeles scene – and later the wider North American scene – with their raw, confrontational sound and DIY approach. Tours in 1980 and 1981 brought Black Flag in contact with developing hardcore scenes in many parts of North America, and blazed trails followed by other touring bands.[9][10][11] Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... Gregory Regis Ginn (born June 8, 1954) is a guitarist, songwriter and singer. ... North American redirects here. ... See also: DIY Network, a cable TV network. ...


Bad Brains, formed in Washington, DC in 1977, incorporated elements of heavy metal and reggae, and their early work often emphasized some of the fastest tempos ever heard in rock and roll.[12] . Bad Brains are an American punk rock band, originally formed in Washington, D.C. in 1979 . ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


Minor Threat, also from Washington D.C. and formed in 1980, played an aggressive, fast, hardcore punk style directly influenced by Bad Brains. The band was responsible for inspiring the straight edge movement, especially with their song, "Straight Edge". Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band that formed in Washington DC in 1980 and disbanded in 1983. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ...


Other early notable bands

 Music samples:

"Pay to Cum" Image File history File links Pay_to_Cum. ...

Sample of "Pay to Cum" by the Bad Brains from Pay to Cum single (1980)
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

According to Brendan Mullen, founder of the Los Angeles punk club The Masque, the first U.S. tour of The Damned in 1977 found them favoring very fast tempos, causing a "sensation" among fans and musicians, and helping inspire the first wave of U.S. west coast hardcore punk.[13] Bad Brains are an American punk rock band, originally formed in Washington, D.C. in 1979 . ... Music samples: Pay to Cum ( file info) — Pay to Cum by the Bad Brains from Pay to Cum single (1980) Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Brendan Mullen in 2003 The Masque was a small punk rock club in central Hollywood, California which existed intermittently from 1977 to 1979. ... This article is about the band. ...


Several 1970s bands from southern California released records featuring music that sounds very similar to what later became known as hardcore. One of those records is the Middle Class’ 1978 Out of Vogue EP.[14]. A more influential record was The Germs’ 1979 LP (GI); essentially a hardcore record, not only for its quick tempos but also for its fast chord changes. Also from Orange County, T.S.O.L (formed in 1978) made a name for themselves in the hardcore punk scene with a melodic yet aggressive punk sound. In Long Beach, a band called Rhino 39 and their single with Xerox/No Compromise is one of the first hardcore-punk records. Also, The Bags from L.A. sped up the punk sound and can be considered as one of the proto-hc/punks. Middle Class were one of the first Hardcore bands in history. ... The Germs is an influential punk rock band from Los Angeles formed in the late 1970s. ... (GI) is the lone studio album from influential American punk band The Germs. ... TSOL is a punk band from California. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Bags were one of the first generation of punk rock bands to emerge out of Los Angeles. ...


San Francisco's Dead Kennedys formed in 1978 and released their first single "California Über Alles" in 1979. By the time they released the In God We Trust, Inc. EP in 1981, Dead Kennedys were playing very fast tempos. Circle Jerks’ first album (recorded in late 1979, released 1980) features several songs with very fast chord changes and tempos. The Misfits (of New Jersey) were a 1977-style punk band involved in New York’s Max's Kansas City scene. Their horror film aesthetic was popular among early hardcore fans. In 1981, the Misfits integrated high-speed thrash songs into their set. Hüsker Dü was formed in Saint Paul, Minnesota in 1979 as a post-punk/New Wave band, but soon became a loud and fast hard punk band. Hüsker Dü released the 1982 live album Land Speed Record, which has been called a "breakneck force like no other... Not for the faint of heart."[15] By 1985, the band morphed into one of the seminal alternative rock bands.[16] In 1980 Bad Religion also released How Could Hell Be Any Worse? which is considered a benchmark hardcore album and ultimately secured them as one of the most enduring outfits of the early 80's hardcore scene. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Dead Kennedys is a punk band from San Francisco, California. ... California Ãœber Alles was the first single by the Dead Kennedys. ... In God We Trust, Inc. ... The Circle Jerks are a hardcore punk band formed circa 1979 in Hermosa Beach, California. ... This article is about the band. ... Maxs Kansas City was a nightclub (upstairs) and restaurant (downstairs) between 17th and 18th Streets, on Park Avenue South in New York City. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... This article is about the rock band called Hüsker Dü. For other uses, see Husker Du. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ... Land Speed Record was the first full-length record by Hüsker Dü, released in 1981. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Bad Religion is a seminal American punk rock band, formed in Southern California in 1980 by Jay Bentley (bass), Greg Graffin (vocals), Brett Gurewitz (guitars) and Jay Ziskrout (drums). ... How Could Hell Be Any Worse? was the first full-length album released by influential punk band Bad Religion. ...


By 1981, many more hardcore punk bands began to perform and release demos and records, including 7 Seconds of Reno, Nevada who formed as early as 1979; The Neos of Victoria, British Columbia; Negative Approach[17] and Degenerates[18] of Detroit; The Meatmen of Lansing, Michigan; The Necros of Maumee, Ohio; The Effigies of Chicago; SS Decontrol, DYS, Negative FX, Jerry's Kids, and Gang Green of Boston; Zeroption of Toronto; the Big Boys, MDC and The Dicks of Austin, Texas; Sadistic Exploits of Philadelphia and Adrenalin O.D. from New Jersey. The Beastie Boys, more widely known for their later hip hop music, were one of the first published hardcore bands in New York City. Negative FX, perhaps the most popular hardcore band in Boston around early 1982, did not appear on record while they were together. They were largely unknown outside their own area until a posthumous album was released in 1984. Notable early hardcore punk records include The Angry Samoans’ first LP, the Big Boys/The Dicks Live at Raul's Club split LP, the Boston-area compilation This Is Boston, Not L.A., Minor Threat's 7" EPs, JFA's Blatant Localism EP, the New York-area compilations New York Thrash and The Big Apple Rotten To The Core, Negative Approach's eponymous EP and the DC-area compilation record Flex Your Head.[19] 7 Seconds are a hardcore punk band from Reno, Nevada. ... Reno redirects here. ... Neos is a scheduled and charter passenger airline based in Milan in Italy. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Negative Approach (commonly called “NA”) were one of the first hardcore punk bands. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... The Meatmen were a Michigan, USA punk band headed by Tesco Vee from 1980 to 1995. ... The Necros were an early hardcore punk band from Maumee, Ohio. ... ‎ Maumee is a city in Lucas County, Ohio, United States. ... The Effigies are considered one of the most important[1] early punk rock groups in Chicago in the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... SSD (Society-System Decontrol) was a Boston hardcore band. ... DYS was a straight edge hardcore punk band from Boston, Massachusetts, and part of the notorious Boston Crew along with contemporaries such as SSD and Negative FX. They released two LPs: Brotherhood, an album still held in high regard by fans of hardcore music, and DYS (i. ... Negative FX was a hardcore band from Boston formed in 1982. ... One of the earliest Boston hardcore bands, Jerrys Kids had their first recorded output on the Modern Method compilation LP in 1982, on which they contributed 6 tracks, most of which were around the 30 second mark in length. ... Gang Green was a hardcore punk band originally from Braintree, Massachusetts. ... Zeroption were an early 1980s Hardcore punk band, who have been cited as influences by many bands including Metallica, The White Stripes and Killdozer. ... The Big Boys were a pioneering band who are credited with helping introduce the new style of hardcore punk that became popular in the 1980s. ... MDC is a punk band formed in Austin, Texas in 1979. ... The Dicks are a band considered influential in introducing the sound of hardcore punk, particularly in their home state of Texas. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... Sadistic Exploits is an American hardcore punk band which existed in the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Adrenalin O.D. was a popular hardcore punk band from New Jersey that existed from 1981 to 1990. ... The Beastie Boys are a hip hop musical group from New York City consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch, Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Angry Samoans are an early Los Angeles punk band, formed by rock critics Metal Mike Saunders and Gregg Turner along with guitarist Kevin Eric Saunders, bassist Todd Homer, and drummer Billy Vockeroth in August 1978. ... The Big Boys were a pioneering band who are credited with helping introduce the new style of hardcore punk that became popular in the 1980s. ... The Dicks are a band considered influential in introducing the sound of hardcore punk, particularly in their home state of Texas. ... Live At Rauls is an album by The Big Boys and The Dicks. ... This Is Boston, Not L.A. was a hardcore punk compilation album released in 1982. ... JFA (Jodie Fosters Army) is a punk rock band, born in 1981 out of the Southern California skateboard culture. ... New York Thrash is a hardcore punk compilation album released by ROIR in 1982. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Negative Approach (commonly called “NA”) were one of the first hardcore punk bands. ... Felx Your Head is a punk rock compilation album. ...


Early media support and criticism

An influential radio show in the Los Angeles area was Rodney on the ROQ, which started airing on the commercial station KROQ in 1976. DJ Rodney Bingenheimer played many styles of music and helped popularize what was called Beach Punk, a rowdy suburban style played by mostly teenage bands in the Huntington Beach area and in heavily conservative Orange County. Early radio support in New Jersey came from Pat Duncan, who hosted live punk and hardcore bands weekly on WFMU since 1979.[20] In New York City, Tim Sommer hosted Noise The Show on WNYU.[21] In 1982 and 1983, MTV put the hardcore punk band Kraut on mild rotation.[22] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... KROQ is a commercial rock and roll music radio station in Los Angeles, California, broadcasting on 106. ... Rodney Bingenheimer (pronounced ), (December 15, 1946 -) born in Mountain View, California, is a renowned Hollywood personality and radio disc jockey on the well-known Los Angeles rock station, KROQ. Often referred to as The Mayor of Sunset Strip he has been a fixture in rock and roll circles since the... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Huntington Beach is the name of a costal city in the state of California. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... -1... This article is about the U.S. state. ... WFMU is a listener supported, noncommercial radio station in Jersey City, New Jersey, broadcasting at 91. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WNYU is a non-commercial radio station owned and operated by New York University. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


College radio was the main media outlet for hardcore punk in most of North America. The Berkeley, California public radio station KPFA featured the Maximum RocknRoll radio show with DJs Tim Yohannon and Jeff Bale, who played the younger Northern California bands. Several zines, such as Flipside and Maximum RocknRoll, also helped spread the new punk style. A few college stations faced FCC action due to the broadcasting of indecent lyrics associated with hardcore songs. North American redirects here. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the viewing or listening public. ... KPFA is a listener-sponsored radio station located in Berkeley, California, broadcasting to the San Francisco Bay area on 94. ... Maximum Rocknroll Issue #1 Maximum Rocknroll (also known as MRR) is a widely distributed, monthly punkzine based in San Francisco, USA. It features interviews, columns, and reviews from international contributors. ... Tim Yohannon, born 1946, died April 3, 1998 in Berkeley, California, California of cancer, was the founder of Maximum Rock and Roll, a zine documenting the punk scene around the world. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... A zine—an abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine[1][2]—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. ... Flipside was a punk rock fanzine published in Los Angeles, California from 1977 - 2001. ...


Concerts in the early hardcore scene increasingly became sites of violent battles between police and concertgoers, especially in Los Angeles. Reputed violence at hardcore concerts was featured in episodes of the popular television shows CHiPs and Quincy, M.E., in which Los Angeles hardcore punks were depicted as being involved in murder and mayhem.[23] CHiPs is an American television series produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (licensee by Turner Entertainment) that aired on NBC from September 15, 1977 to July 17, 1983. ... Quincy, M.E. (or simply Quincy) is the name of a United States television series that aired from October 3, 1976, to May 11, 1983, on NBC (and can be seen in the UK on ITV3 and intermittently on the ITV Network, as well as in syndication on MeTV in...


Early history in Europe

The Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, and Germany have had notably active hardcore scenes. However, in the United Kingdom, UK82 (also known as UK Hardcore) bands such as The Exploited, Charged GBH, Picture Frame Seduction, Discharge, and The Anti-Nowhere League occupied the cultural space that American-style hardcore did elsewhere. These UK bands at times showed a musical similarity to American hardcore, often including quick tempos and chord changes, and they generally had similar political and social sensibilities. However, they represented a case of parallel evolution, having been musically inspired by earlier London Oi! bands such as Sham 69, and the proto-speed metal band Motörhead. UK 82 (Also known as No Future Punk, a slight modification of the line from the Sex Pistols song God Save The Queen) was the name of the second wave of punk that occurred in Britain during 1982 after the demise of the first wave, which lasted from 1977 - 1981. ... The Exploited is a punk rock band from the second wave of UK punk, formed in late 1979 or early 1980. ... This page is about the UK punk rock band. ... Picture Frame Seduction is a hardcore punk rock band from Haverfordwest, Wales, UK. The bands influences included their peers of the day Charged GBH and Discharge. ... Discharge is an influential punk and metal band formed in the UK in 1977, whose music is characterized by a heavy, distorted, and grinding guitar-driven sound and anti-melodic shouted or screamed vocals, with lyrics on anarchist and pacifist themes. ... The Anti-Nowhere League is a UK Punk band formed in 1980, by lead singer Animal (real name Nick Kulmer) and rhythm guitarist Magoo (real name Chris Exall), with Bones on Drums and Baggy Elvy on Bass. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Oi! (disambiguation). ... Sham 69 are an English punk band that formed in Hersham in 1975. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... This article is about the band. ...


Discharge played a huge role in influencing the early Swedish hardcore bands, such as Anti Cimex. Many hardcore bands from that region still have a strong Discharge and Motörhead influence. The band Entombed is also cited as a strong influence on Swedish hardcore bands from the early 1990s onward. Discharge were a big influence on Metallica as well. Discharge is an influential punk and metal band formed in the UK in 1977, whose music is characterized by a heavy, distorted, and grinding guitar-driven sound and anti-melodic shouted or screamed vocals, with lyrics on anarchist and pacifist themes. ... Anti-Cimex were a Swedish hardcore punk band that got together in the early 1980s. ... Entombed is a Swedish metal band which formed in 1987 (see 1987 in music) under the name of Nihilist. ...


In much the same way, anarcho-punk bands such as Crass, Icons of Filth, Flux Of Pink Indians and Rudimentary Peni had little in common with American hardcore other than an uncompromising political philosophy and an abrasive aesthetic. Perhaps closer were bands like The Membranes whose 1984 releases were far noisier than anything the Americans were offering. Many American hardcore punks listened to British punk bands, but others upheld a strict regionalism, deriding the UK bands as rock stars, and their fans as poseurs—a loaded and derogatory term which implies that a person is not an "authentic punk". The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... For information about the anarchist writer, see Chris Crass Crass was an English anarchist punk rock band, formed in 1977[1][2] and based around Dial House, an open house community near Epping, Essex. ... Icons of Filth is an influential British anarcho-punk band that disbanded in 2004, after the unexpected death of its lead singer Andrew Sewell, or Stiggy Smeg. ... Flux Of Pink Indians was a anarcho-punk/Post punk band that originated from Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England. ... Rudimentary Peni was a band that lurked in the shadows of success of the British anarcho-punk movement, occassionaly venturing into what would become to be known as deathrock. ... This article is about the genre. ...


American hardcore bands that visited the UK (such as Black Flag and U.S. Chaos in 1981-1982) encountered equally ambivalent attitudes. European hardcore bands suffered no such prejudice in the U.S.; Italian bands Raw Power and Negazione, and the Dutch BGK, enjoyed widespread popularity. Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... U.S. Chaos are an American hardcore punk band from New Jersey, formed in early 1981. ... Negazione was a hardcore band based in Turin, Italy during the 80s and 90s. ... Angry Samoans Armed and Hammered Articles Of Faith ASF Authority Resist Avail A Wilhelm Scream [edit] B Bad Brains Bastard Berzerkers BGK Big Boys Black Flag Blind Society Blast BoneSplinter Broken Bones Brothers Keeper Blood for Blood Born Against Bonds Of Trust Bones Brigade Boysetsfire [edit] C Carry...


In the more underground part of the UK punk scene, a new hardcore sound and scene developed, inspired by continental European, Scandinavian, Japanese and American bands. It was started by bands like Asylum and Plasmid, and their sound – only heard at live concerts and on demo tapes and compilations in the mid 1980s – evolved into bands such as Heresy, Ripcord, Napalm Death, and Extreme Noise Terror. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... For the amusement park freefall ride, see Ripcord (Amusement Park Ride). ... Napalm Death are a grindcore/death metal band from Birmingham, England. ... Extreme Noise Terror (often abbreviated to ENT) is a crust, grindcore, and deathgrind band originally from Ipswich, England. ...


Some of the most important influences among late-1980s UK bands included the Japanese band GISM; Boston band Siege, Idaho band Septic Death, Los Angeles band Cryptic Slaughter and Swedish band Anti Cimex; as well as more metallic bands such as Celtic Frost and Metallica. However, by the late 1980s, UK bands were becoming far more influenced by American bands such as the Dead Kennedys (who were always very popular in the UK), Black Flag and many of the early Washington, D.C., New York, Boston and West Coast hardcore bands such as Minor Threat, DYS, Slapshot and 7 Seconds. Straight edge began to make its presence felt in the UK, with the emergence of small straight edge communities in most major cities in the UK, and straight edge bands forming in Durham and London. // GISM (aka G.I.S.M.) were a Japanese hardcore punk band (with heavy metal influence) formed in Tokyo, Japan in 1981. ... Siege was a thrashcore group formed in 1983 in Weymouth, Massachusetts. ... Septic Death is a Horror Hardcore band fronted by artist Pushead. ... Cryptic Slaughter was a Santa Monica, California-based crossover band. ... Anti-Cimex were a Swedish hardcore punk band that got together in the early 1980s. ... Celtic Frost are a black metalthrash metal band from Zürich, Switzerland, known for their influence on the extreme metal and gothic metal genres. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Dead Kennedys is a punk band from San Francisco, California. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Boston redirects here. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band that formed in Washington DC in 1980 and disbanded in 1983. ... DYS was a straight edge hardcore punk band from Boston, Massachusetts, and part of the notorious Boston Crew along with contemporaries such as SSD and Negative FX. They released two LPs: Brotherhood, an album still held in high regard by fans of hardcore music, and DYS (i. ... High energy band of the straight edge movement. ... 7 Seconds are a hardcore punk band from Reno, Nevada. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


There were many 1980s bands that could be described as sounding like something in between the styles of the dominating UK and US bands. While the bands that had the most significant influence were parallel-evolved bands such as Discharge and Charged GBH, others, such as The Stupids (a UK band influenced by US hardcore) gained brief but widespread college-radio airplay in the US. For the skatepunk band see The Stupids (band) For the 1996 film, see The Stupids (film) The Stupids are a fictional family created by Harry Allard and James Marshall who appear in series of books by them. ...


Some notable bands from that era in Europe were Crise Total (Portugal), Negazione, Wretched, Raw Power, Italy), H.H.H., MG-15, Subterranean Kids, L'Odi Social, Ultimo Gobierno (Spain), Vorkriegsjugend, Spermbirds (Germany), U.B.R. (Former Yugoslavia), Heimat-Los (France), Lärm, BGK, Funeral Oration (Netherlands), Dezerter, (Poland), Kaaos, Lama, Riistetyt, Terveet Kädet, (Finland), Headcleaners, Homy Hogs, Mob 47, and Anti-Cimex (Sweden). Negazione was a hardcore band based in Turin, Italy during the 80s and 90s. ... Wretched was a hardcore band from Milan, Italy. ... Raw Power is a 1973 album by American rock music group The Stooges. ... Vorkriegsjugend were a cult and very influential hardcore punk band from Germany. ... Spermbirds was a German punk band from Kaiserslautern. ... General location of the political entities known as Yugoslavia. ... Heimat-los (also spelled Heimatlos) was an influencial hardcore punk band from France (1983-1988). ... Lärm were a Dutch thrashcore/grindcore band formed in 1981, formed under the name Total Chaoz. Lärm pioneered what would later be called power violence, along with bands Heresy and Siege. ... Angry Samoans Armed and Hammered Articles Of Faith ASF Authority Resist Avail A Wilhelm Scream [edit] B Bad Brains Bastard Berzerkers BGK Big Boys Black Flag Blind Society Blast BoneSplinter Broken Bones Brothers Keeper Blood for Blood Born Against Bonds Of Trust Bones Brigade Boysetsfire [edit] C Carry... Funeral Oration was a melodic hardcore punk band from Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Dezerter founded as SS-20 in 1981 in Warsaw is one of the most popular punk bands from Poland. ... Biography Kaaos is a Hardcore punk band from Tampere, Finland. ... Not to be confused with Llama. ... Terveet Kädet is a legendary Finnish hardcore punk band, the first in Finland. ... Mob 47 were a hardcore punk band which formed in Sweden in the summer of 1982, originally under the name of Censur. In 1983 the band members changed the name to what its now called, Mob 47. During their early years they played with the legendary band Anti Cimex. ... Anti Cimex were a Swedish hardcore punk band from Gothenburg that got together in the early 1980s. ...


Examples of bands that continued to play that style of hardcore in the 1990s include: Slapshot, Voorhees, Totalitär, Disfear, Meanwhile, Flesh Revels, Los Crudos, and Sin Dios. After fall of the Iron Curtain in eastern Europe, many harcore bands were created or became more publicly known (after hiding in garages and being known by small circles of underground fans). Examples of such bands include Sarcastic Front from Czech Republic, or AMD and Leukemia from Hungary. High energy band of the straight edge movement. ... Voorhees were a hardcore punk band formed in Durham City (north-east England) during 1991 from the ashes of various other local bands (Steadfast, Know Your Enemies, False Face, The MacDonalds). ... Totalitär is a Swedish hardcore punk band formed 1985 in Hudiksvall. ... Disfear are a Swedish hardcore band that formed in the early 1990s. ... Los Crudos was a hardcore punk band, prominent during the 1990´s. ... Cover of their second album Antifascist alert Sin Dios (English: Without God) is a hardcore/anarcho-punk band from Spain. ... For the fall of the Iron Curtain, see Revolutions of 1989. ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ... Sarcastic Front was hardcore punk band from Karviná in Czech Republic. ...


Hardcore also become popular in Asia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with bands such as Tame The Tikbalang, N.S.A., Agony of Destruction, Death from Above, Mutual Assured Destruction and Biofeedback from the Philippines. Also with the help of Take Four Collectives a number of bands are striving to showcase their stuff with Sauna, Bystorm, just to name a few; and Disclose from Japan. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... NSA may refer to: National Security Agency, a United States governmental agency National Security Advisor (United States), a U.S. government position National Security Advisor (Canada), a Canadian government position National Security Advisor (India), an Indian government position National Security Archive, a nongovernmental research institution at George Washington University National... Death From Above may refer to: Death From Above, in latin Mors Ab Alto, was the motto of the 7th Bombardment Group in the 101st Airborne Division in January 1933. ... Mutual assured destruction (MAD) is a doctrine of military strategy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by one of two opposing sides would effectively result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender. ... Biofeedback mechanism. ... For the music festival in Finland, see Sauna Open Air Metal Festival. ... Disclose was a Japanese d-beat band from Kōchi City, heavily influenced by Discharge. ...


Late 1980s

In the late 1980s, bands such as NoMeansNo and Victim's Family created a new style of music by blending aggressive elements from hardcore with influences from genres such as psychedelic rock, progressive rock, noise, jazz, or math rock (a development sometimes termed jazzcore). This path was followed in the early 1990s by Omega Minus, Mr Bungle, Candiria, Deep Turtle and Ruins. The noisecore played by Melt-Banana may have been a separate evolution. Other notable hardcore-influenced bands in this genre include the avant-garde Naked City (formed by saxophonist John Zorn) and Neurosis, which started as a hardcore band before exploring slower tempos and dark ambiance. Many bands started to incorporate emotional and personal aspects into their music; influenced by the sounds coming out of Washington, D.C. and Dischord Records, which by the late 1990s had evolved into emo. Nation of Ulysses was one of the most influential bands to come out of D.C.; combining dissonant guitars similar to those of Black Flag, elements of jazz, and a seemingly absurdist (or Situationist) political ideology. Their sound and fashion sense influenced the San Diego (or 'Chula Vista') hardcore scene. Nomeansno is a rock music group originally from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada and now located in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Victims Family was a hardcore punk band, formed in 1984 in Sonoma county by bassist Larry Boothroyd, and guitarist and vocalist Ralph Spight. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the style of music. ... Mr. ... Candiria are a hardcore band from Brooklyn, New York. ... Deep Turtle was a Finnish band, active during years 1990-1996 and 2002-2004. ... Ruins is a Japanese progressive rock duo of drum set and electric bass guitar. ... Melt-Banana is a Japanese noise rock band that was founded in 1992 by friends attending Tokyo University for Foreign Language. ... This article is about the band. ... John Zorn (born September 2, 1953 in Queens, New York) is an American avant-garde composer, arranger, record producer, saxophonist and multi-instrumentalist. ... Neurosis is a highly influential experimental rock band, based out of Oakland, California. ... Dischord Records is a Washington, D.C.-based independent record label specializing in D.C.-area independent punk, hardcore, and post-hardcore music. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nation of Ulysses was a post-hardcore band from Washington, D.C.. The band formed in spring 1988, with four members and known as simply Ulysses, drawing inspiration from MC5s mix of revolutionary rhetoric and rock music. ... The Situationist International (SI) was a small group of international political and artistic agitators with roots in Marxism, Lettrism and the early 20th century European artistic and political avant-gardes. ...


1990s

Further information: Metalcore

By the end of the 1980s, hardcore became more diverse, branching off into two sounds: one traditionally punk-based and the other evolving into something still heavier, slower, and more intense, which some people confused with being influenced by heavy metal. The punk-focused sound retains much of the style and feel of the original hardcore punk bands, while the more metallic sound, sometimes wrongly labeled metalcore, tends to be heavier and often more technical. Sick of It All's second studio album, "Just Look Around" was a bit revolutionary in this respect in 1991. The intensity, heaviness and slower, even brutal rhythms issued in a new era after their faster, more standard first breakout album "Blood, Sweat and No Tears." Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Sick of It All (SOIA) is a New York Hardcore band formed by brothers Lou Koller (vocals) and Pete Koller (guitar), Armand Majidi (drums) and Rich Capriano (bass) in 1984. ...


Biohazard, Judge, Integrity, and Hogan's Heroes were some of the earliest bands to bring this level of intensity to hardcore – an amalgamation of deep, hoarse vocals (though rarely as deep or guttural as death metal); downtuned guitars and thrashy drum rhythms inspired by earlier hardcore bands; and slow, staccato low-end musical breaks, known as breakdowns. Thrash metal and melodic death metal elements are also common in metalcore. Some metalcore, such as Biohazard and Candiria, are also influenced by hip hop music, and their music is sometimes described as rapcore. Other important groups of the era, such as Inside Out from California and Burn from New York, retained elements of classic hardcore along with more progressive rhythms, chord progressions, and lyrics. In 1998 thrash metal band Sepultura released their first hardcore punk album Against. Biohazard was a band originally based out of Brooklyn, New York. ... Judge was a New York City Hardcore Punk Straight Edge and Metalcore band, formed in 1987 by Youth of Today guitarist, John Porcell Porcelly, and former Death Before Dishonor/ Youth of Today drummer, Mike Judge (Mike Ferraro). ... Integrity, formed in 1988, is a Cleveland, Ohio-based band. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... In musical notation, the Italian word staccato (literally detached, plural staccatos or staccati) indicates that notes are sounded in a detached and distinctly separate manner, with silence making up the latter part of the time allocated to each note. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Melodic death metal, (also referred to as Gothenburg metal, melodeath, and post-death) is a subgenre of death metal. ... Biohazard was a band originally based out of Brooklyn, New York. ... Candiria are a hardcore band from Brooklyn, New York. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, gangsta rap, hard rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, hardcore punk and sometimes funk. ... Inside Out was a metalcore band from Orange County, California, most notable for being the first band fronted by Zack de la Rocha, later of Rage Against the Machine. ... Look up burn, burning, burned in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Sepultura is a Brazilian thrash metal band, formed in 1984. ... Against was the seventh LP by Brazilian thrash metal band Sepultura released in 1998 (1998 in music) through Roadrunner Records. ...


Ebullition Records, founded in 1990 by Kent McClard in Santa Barbara, California, often released albums by bands that criticized the American political and economic system; giving far less attention to personal issues. Anarchist ethics seeped their way into the work of many hardcore punk bands, most notably Aus-Rotten, who were also popular in the crust punk genre. On the east coast of the United States, bands such as Rorschach and Born Against also played a similar left-wing, almost Marxist form of metallic hardcore. Refused gained international recognition after touring for several years with their three first Albums. They released their final album The Shape of Punk to Come and later broke up on a tour in USA. Kent McClard is a record label owner and zine publisher from Goleta, California. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ... Aus-Rotten was a Crust/Hardcore Punk crossover group which formed in the early 1990s in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Rorschach were a New Jersey-based band that existed from 1989 to 1993, and blended hardcore and metal to create what is now known as metalcore, playing a significant role in the shaping of the genre and its aesthetic. ... Born Against was a critically acclaimed left wing, hardcore punk band from New York. ... Left wing redirects here. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Refused was a hardcore band originating from UmeÃ¥, Sweden. ... The Shape of Punk to Come was the final album released by Swedish hardcore punk band Refused before they split up. ...


Notably, it was also in this era that Vision of Disorder, starting with their first 7" record "Still" introduced melodic "singing" to their hardcore songs, a trend that has now blown worldwide and made its way onto many a radio station and music video. Vision of Disorder was a metalcore band from Long Island, New York, USA. The bands frenetic and socially aware amalgam of hardcore and thrash metal gained the band a strong underground following before their demise in 2002. ...


Hardcore & Politics

The aforementioned "Godfathers" of the hardcore genre took strong political stances, most notably against President Ronald Reagan who served in office from 1981-89. Reagan's policies, which included cutting taxes and slowing the increase of federal social spending, while increasing military spending, gave these bands plenty to write about.[24][25]


Influence on other genres

The San Francisco-based thrash metal bands Metallica and Slayer incorporated the compositional structure and technical proficiency of heavy metal with the speed and aggression of hardcore. The new fusion genre became known as speed metal, and later thrash metal. Other early bands in this genre include Megadeth and Anthrax. Slayer are also known for their hardcore punk roots, and have released an album of hardcore covers called Undisputed Attitude. Many longtime punks, who remembered fighting with hostile metalheads only a fews years earlier, felt that those long-haired heavy metal fans were attempting to co-opt hardcore, and were merely mimicking the hardcore punk style. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... A Fusion genre is a music genre that fuses two or more other musical genres. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Undisputed Attitude is an album of punk covers and three original songs by the thrash metal band Slayer. ... For the playable character in the video game Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock, see Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. ...


In 1985, New York's Stormtroopers of Death, an Anthrax side project, released the album Speak English or Die. Although it bore similarities to thrash metal – with a bass-heavy guitar, fast tempos and quick chord changes – the album was distinguished from thrash metal by its lack of guitar solos and heavy use of crunchy chord breakdowns (a New York hardcore technique) known as mosh parts. Other bands, such as Suicidal Tendencies and DRI, switched from hardcore to a similar metallic style, which came to be known as crossover. Stormtroopers of Death, more commonly known as S.O.D., formed in New York in 1985. ... Speak English or Die is a Crossover thrash album by Stormtroopers of Death (S.O.D.). It was released in 1985 and again on the Megaforce label in August 1995. ... New York Hardcore (NYHC) refers to hardcore punk music created in New York City and to the subculture associated with that music. ... This article or section should include material from mosh pit. ... Suicidal Tendencies is an American hardcore punk / crossover thrash band formed in 1981 in Venice, California. ... Dirty Rotten Imbeciles, or simply D.R.I., are a Thrash band that formed in 1982. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some hardcore bands began experimenting with other styles as their careers progressed in the 1980s, becoming known as alternative rock.[26] Bands such as Minutemen, Meat Puppets, Hüsker Dü, and The Replacements drew from hardcore but broke away from its loud and fast formula. Critic Joe S. Harrington suggested that the latter two "paraded as Hardcore until it was deemed permissible to do otherwise".[27] In the mid-1980s, Washington State bands such as Melvins and Green River developed a sludgy, "aggressive sound that melded the slower tempos of heavy metal with the intensity of hardcore", creating what became known as grunge music.[28] The early grunge sound was largely influenced by Black Sabbath and Black Flag (especially their My War album). Kurt Cobain once described Nirvana's sound as "The Knack and The Bay City Rollers being molested by Black Flag and Black Sabbath."[citation needed] The popularity of grunge resulted in renewed interest in American hardcore in the 1990s. Alternative music redirects here. ... The Minutemen were an American Punk rock band from San Pedro, California comprised of singer/guitarist D. Boon, singer/bassist Mike Watt and drummer George Hurley. ... The Meat Puppets are an American rock band formed in January 1980, in the Sunnyslope neighborhood of Phoenix, Arizona. ... This article is about the rock band called Hüsker Dü. For other uses, see Husker Du. ... For other uses, see The Replacements (disambiguation). ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The Melvins are an American experimental sludge metal/grunge band that usually perform as a trio. ... Green River was an influential Seattle based rock band active from 1984 to 1987. ... Grunge redirects here. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... My War is the second full length album by seminal American hardcore punk band Black Flag. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... This article is about the band. ... Bay City Rollers - was a popular British pop band of the 1970s and came from Scotland. ...


Melvins, aside from their influence on grunge, helped create what would be known as sludge metal, which is also a combination between Black Sabbath and hardcore punk.[29] This genre was given shape during the early 90s, in the Southern United States (particularly New Orleans with its metal scene).[30][31][32][33] Some of the pioneering bands of sludge metal were: Eyehategod,[30] Crowbar,[31] Down,[34] Buzzov*en,[32] Acid Bath[35] and Corrosion of Conformity.[33] Later, bands such as Isis and Neurosis,[36] with similar influences, would create a style which relies mostly on ambience and atmosphere[37] that would eventually be named atmospheric sludge metal or post-metal.[38] Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of the doom metal and hardcore punk genres, often displaying southern rock influence. ... Historic Southern United States. ... NOLA redirects here. ... This article is under construction. ... Eyehategod is an American sludgecore band from Louisiana who are known for their dark, sludgy riffs combined with equally dark lyrics. ... Crowbar is an American doom / sludge metal band from Louisiana, characterized by their extremely slow, low-keyed, heavy and brooding songs. ... Down is an American southern heavy metal supergroup formed in 1991. ... Buzzov*en were a Sludge Metal band from North Carolina, formed in 1989 out of the ashes of Sewer Puppet by guitarist/vocalist Kirk Fisher (often credited on releases as Reverend Dirtkicker). The band were known for being one of the founders of the sludge genre (after Eyehategod), and also... Acid Bath was a band from Louisiana, USA active from 1991 to 1997. ... Corrosion of Conformity is an American heavy metal band. ... Isis is a Los Angeles, California-based band, founded in Boston, Massachusetts in 1997. ... Neurosis is a highly influential experimental rock band, based out of Oakland, California. ... Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ...


The later 1980s and early 1990s also saw the development of Post-hardcore, which took the genre and its contingency in a more artistic and complex direction, much as the groups of the post-punk era did for classic punk rock. Washington DC, in particular the community surrounding Dischord records, became a hotbed for post-hardcore, producing bands such as Hoover, The Nation of Ulysses, Jawbox, and Fugazi, who helped define the post-hardcore scene and included Dischord founder and former Minor Threat frontman Ian MacKaye. Other important post-hardcore bands from around the country include Chicago's Big Black, New York's Quicksand and Orange 9mm, Seattle's Pretty Girls Make Graves, Atlanta's Light Pupil Dilate and El Paso, Texas' At The Drive-In. Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... Dischord Records is a Washington, D.C.-based independent record label specializing in D.C.-area independent punk, hardcore, and post-hardcore music. ... Hoover was an American punk rock (or post-hardcore) band. ... Nation of Ulysses was a post-hardcore band from Washington, D.C.. The band formed in spring 1988, with four members and known as simply Ulysses, drawing inspiration from MC5s mix of revolutionary rhetoric and rock music. ... Jawbox was a punk rock/indie rock/post-hardcore band from Washington, D.C.. Its members were J. Robbins (vocals/guitar), Bill Barbot (guitar), Kim Coletta (bass guitar), and Adam Wade & Zach Barocas (drums). ... For other uses, see Fugazi (disambiguation). ... Ian Thomas Garner MacKaye (pronounced ), born April 16, 1962), is an American singer and guitarist. ... Big Black was a noise rock band founded in Chicago, Illinois, United States, that was active between 1982 and 1987. ... Quicksand was a post-hardcore band from New York City, and retrospectively one of the most influential rock acts of that era, led by former Gorilla Biscuits guitarist Walter Schreifels. ... Orange 9mm was a post-hardcore band from New York City formed in 1994 by Chaka Malik and Chris Traynor after the breakup of Maliks band Burn. ... Pretty Girls Make Graves was an indie rock band, formed in Seattle in 2001, named after The Smiths song of the same name[1] (which came from a Jack Kerouac quote). ... Light Pupil Dilate is an inovative progressive post-hardcore band from Atlanta, Georgia. ... At the Drive-In were an American post-hardcore band from El Paso, Texas, that was active from 1993 to 2001. ...


Post-hardcore included and influenced other styles, such as emo music and math rock. Early emo bands were influenced by hardcore bands like Rites of Spring, Minor Threat, and Black Flag. Emo bands are heavily influenced by hardcore punk's powerful lyrics, song structure and emotion. Sunny Day Real Estate are sometimes called the "first true emo band."[39] This article deals with the genre of music. ... This article is about the style of music. ... Rites of Spring was an punk band from Washington, D.C. in the mid-1980s known for their energetic, cathartic live performances. ... Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band that formed in Washington DC in 1980 and disbanded in 1983. ... Black Flag may refer to: Black Flag (insecticide), a brand of insecticide made by the Fountainhead Group Black Flag (band), a hardcore punk band Czarny Sztandar (1903), a Białystok anarchist organisation Chernoe Znamja (1905), a Geneva anarchist newspaper Black Flag (newspaper), an anarchist newspaper Black Flag Army, a bandit... Sunny Day Real Estate or SDRE was an alternative rock band formed in Seattle, Washington. ...


The hardcore punk scene had an influence that spread beyond music. The straight edge philosophy – no smoking, drinking or doing drugs – was rooted in a faction of hardcore particularly popular on the east coast of the United States. Hare Krishna bands like 108 and Shelter typified this movement, taking it even a step further. Hardcore also put a great emphasis on the DIY punk ethic, with many bands making their own records, flyers, and other items, and booking their own tours through an informal network of like-minded people. Radical environmentalism and veganism found popular expressions in the hardcore scene. For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... The DIY punk ethic refers to the idea of doing it yourself, i. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... Vegan redirects here. ...


In the 2000s, some pop punk bands, often containing former members of metalcore or hardcore punk bands (such as New Found Glory's Chad Gilbert, a one-time member of Shai Hulud, and Fall Out Boy's Andrew Hurley, formerly of Racetraitor and Vegan Reich) have created a new style by mixing hardcore and pop punk. The pop punk breakdown, in which bands play hardcore -or metalcore- style breakdowns with more melodic chords, has become common. Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... New Found Glory is an American pop-punk band that formed in 1997 in Coral Springs, Florida, and is currently based in California. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with New Found Glory. ... Shai Hulud is a seminal Hardcore[1] band. ... Fall Out Boy is an American rock band from Wilmette, Illinois, (a suburb of Chicago) that formed in 2001. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Racetraitor (1995-1999) was a political metalcore and hardcore punk band from Chicago, Illinois who managed to get on the covers of both Maximum Rock N Roll and HeartattaCk before releasing a note of music. ...


There are still many bands today that follow the lines of original hardcore. It has evolved somewhat since the 80's but still follows many of the ideals like straight edge and hasn't been fused too much with metal. One of the most prominent record label of hardcore music currently is Bridge 9 Records. They represent a current trend in hardcore, putting out records by bands such as Champion, Sick Of It All, Stand And Fight, American Nightmare.


Another common, heavier sound is represented by bands such as From Ashes Rise and Tragedy who play a brand of melodic sound influenced by crustcore.


There are also many contemporary bands who play hardcore in an original, purist sense while attempting to add even more intensity to the music. Some of these fall under the power violence category, while others who play a brand of hardcore much like their forefathers of the early 80s. Some of these bands include Career Suicide, Spitting blood, Deadfall, and the now defunct Tear it Up. Many bands like this can be found on the 625 thrashcore record label. These bands are often true to a specific local flavor of hardcore. Another common trend is to try to capture the sound of influential bands from an earlier era. One example of this would be D-beat bands who emulate the early music of Discharge. The bands whose names comes closest to original, is Deathcharge and Dischange; while the most popular band among fans, is the Japanese band Disclose (at least during the first years of the new millennium).


Some people though, consider the hardcore and punk scenes today to be elitist, as well as divided among those whose views vary on issues ranging from politics to DIY ethics.


Additionally, the name "Hardcore" has been applied with increasing frequency to what most would consider "metal" music. Groups like Bleeding Through and Poison the Well have fused the aggression of traditional hardcore with the intensity of metal. Typical of this "metalcore" genre are heavy breakdown parts and harshly delivered vocals, sometimes verging on death metal growl. As this new kind of music has evolved, so has the sub-culture associated with it; for example, fashioncore (such as the music of Bleeding Through). In the 1990s the name "hardcore" even came to be applied to a genre of electronica having nothing in common with hardcore punk.


Although the term "Hardcore" has come to be attached to this kind of music, some fans of traditional Hardcore deride its use. Today, people who still refer to "Hardcore" as the style that began in the Early 1980s, sometimes use the term "Street Punk" rather than use the denigrated "Hardcore". A good example is the Californian hardcore punk band Final Conflict.


The "-core" suffix has also been applied to musical genres which have little in common with "traditional" hardcore, such as Sadcore, Slowcore, and Emocore.


Hardcore dancing

Main articles: Mosh and Hardcore dancing

The early-1980s hardcore punk scene developed slam dancing and stage diving. In the later half of the 1980s, the thrash metal scene imitated this form of dancing, with bands such as Anthrax popularizing the term mosh with the metal scene.[citation needed] The term, hardcore dancing, describes a type of dancing that is now a staple of hardcore shows. Hardcore dancers often start off dancing their own unique two-step. Then, dancers move on to other moves such as the floor punch, the windmill (dancer swings arms around like a windmill), the axehandle (dancer swings arms as if chopping with an axe) and cartwheels. Hardcore dancing is also filled with moves descended from break dancing and various martial arts styles.[40] Audience members at a Dillinger Escape Plan concert moshing in front of the stage. ... Hardcore dancing grew out of the eastern United States hardcore scene, especially the New Jersey, New York, Boston, and Florida hardcore scenes. ... Audience members at a Dillinger Escape Plan concert moshing in front of the stage. ... Stage diving is the act of leaping from a concert stage into the crowd below. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ...


Hardcore punk record labels

625 Thrashcore is a small American record label started by Max Ward of long-standing hardcore band Spazz. ... Alternative Tentacles is an independent record label based in San Francisco, California and was established in 1979. ... Alveran Records is a German-based independent record label, founded in 1995 by Sascha Franzen, which releases a diverse variety of bands with different musical styles. ... Amphetamine Reptile Records (or AmRep) was founded in 1986 by Tom Hazelmeyer. ... Bad Taste Records is a punk rock record label based in Lund, Sweden, not to be confused with the record label Bad Taste in Iceland. ... Blackout Records is an independent record label which specializes in the hardcore punk genre. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline for Music. ... Burning Heart Records is an independent record label based in Örebro, Sweden. ... BYO Records is a Los Angeles, California based independent punk rock record label created by Shawn and Mark Stern, two of the three brothers of the seminal California punk rock band Youth Brigade (the third being Adam Stern who plays bass but does not run BYO). ... Dischord Records is a Washington, D.C.-based independent record label specializing in D.C.-area independent punk, hardcore, and post-hardcore music. ... Deathwish is a brand started by J. Bannon and Tre McCarthy in 2001. ... Ebullition Records is an independent record label and distro based out of Goleta, California. ... Epitaph Records is a Hollywood, California based record label owned by Bad Religion guitarist Brett Gurewitz. ... Equal Vision Records is a record label based in Albany, New York, specializing (with some exceptions) in the more hardcore or punk-based rock genres. ... Eulogy Recordings is a record label based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida . ... Facedown Records is a Christian record label based in Sun City, California, devoted mostly to hardcore punk and metalcore bands (Christian and secular). ... Frontier Records is an independent record label, started in 1980 by Lisa Fancher[1]. Frontier first found success with the release of the Circle Jerks album Group Sex. ... Gravity Records is an influential underground independent record label from San Diego. ... Havoc Records is an underground Hardcore/Punk record label based in Minneapolis Minnesota. ... Hellcat Records is a vanity record label based in Los Angeles, California. ... Hydra Head Records is an independent record label which was set up in New Mexico by Aaron Turner (who is also the frontman of Isis) in 1993. ... Indecision Records is an American hardcore punk record label that has put out records by the likes of Count Me Out and Throwdown. ... Level Plane is a record label based in New York City. ... Lifeforce Records is a record company that has singed up many bands such as Trivium for their album Ember to Inferno. ... Album cover of 1985 Mystic Sampler#2 Mystic Records is a record label and music production company based in Oceanside, California. ... New Red Archives is an underground punk/hardcore record label that started in 1987. ... Posh Boy Records was a Hollywood, California based record label owned by Robbie Fields, a sometime high school substitute teacher who took an interest in the emerging punk rock scene in Orange County, California during the early 1980s. ... It has been suggested that Revelation Records Discography be merged into this article or section. ... Roadrunner Records is a major record label that concentrates on metal bands. ... SideOneDummy Records is a Los Angeles based independent record label, home to many punk bands. ... Slap A Ham Records is a now-defunct thrash/grindcore label from San Francisco, California. ... Solid State Records is a Christian record label, a division of Tooth & Nail Records. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... SST Records is a Lawndale, California based independent record label formed in 1978 in Long Beach, California by Black Flag founder/guitarist Greg Ginn. ... Striving For Togetherness Records (aka SFT Records) is an independent hardcore music label. ... Taang! Records is an independent record label based in San Diego, California. ... Touch and Go Records is an independent record label based in Chicago, Illinois, USA, which began life in 1979 in East Lansing, Michigan as a magazine put out by Tesco Vee. ... Uprising Records is a record label founded in 1994 by Sean Muttaqi - having released records by Fall Out Boy, 7 Angels 7 Plagues, Red Knife Lottery, Underminded, Amir Sulaiman, The Crest and more. ... Vermiform Records was an American independent record label that specialized in releasing punk rock music from 1990 until 2002. ... Victory Records is a Chicago-based record label founded by Tony Brummel. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Blush, Stephen (November 9, 2001). American Hardcore: A Tribal History. Feral House. ISBN 0922915717. 
  2. ^ Rhapsopdy.com
  3. ^ FusionAnomaly
  4. ^ Berkeley
  5. ^ "Hardcore Punk music history". Silver Dragon Records (2003). Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  6. ^ "D.O.A. To Rock Toronto International Film Festival". PunkOiUK. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  7. ^ "D.O.A.". punknews.org. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  8. ^ UK82.com
  9. ^ Black Flag
  10. ^ Britannica.com
  11. ^ VH1 - Black Flag
  12. ^ Bad Brains
  13. ^ see Mullen's comments in the Don Letts directed documentary Punk: Attitude.
  14. ^ MIDDLE CLASS: Out Of Vogue EP 1978
  15. ^ allmusic (((Everything Falls Apart and More > Overview)))
  16. ^ http://www.deadkennedys.com][http://www.deadkennedys.com/history.htm
  17. ^ Rettman, Tony. "Michigan hardcore pioneers Violent Apathy reunite for shows", Swindle (issue 12), 2008. (English) 
  18. ^ Nelson, Jason."Degenerates (Online Band Profile / Biography)". stereokiller.com (website).
  19. ^ Rettman, Tony. "Michigan hardcore pioneers Violent Apathy reunite for shows", Swindle (issue 12), 2008. (English) 
  20. ^ "Playlists and Archives for Pat Duncan". WFMU. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  21. ^ "Tim Sommer". Beastiemania.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  22. ^ "A short history of Kraut". Liner Notes from Complete Studio Recordings 1982-1986. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  23. ^ Battle of the Bands - CHiPs Wiki
  24. ^ Reagan
  25. ^ www.house.gov/jec/growth/taxpol/taxpol.htm
  26. ^ Reynolds, Simon (2005). Rip It Up and Start Again: Post Punk 1978–1984 (London and New York: Faber and Faber). ISBN 0-571-21569-6, pp. 460-467
  27. ^ Harrington, Joe S. (2002). Sonic Cool: The Life & Death of Rock 'n' Roll (Milwaukee, Wisc.: Hal Leonard). ISBN 0-634-02861-8, p. 388
  28. ^ Azerrad, Michael (2001). Our Band Could Be Your Life (New York: Little, Brown). ISBN 0-316-78753-1, p. 419
  29. ^ Raggett, Ned. Melvins - Gluey Porch Treatments. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  30. ^ a b Huey, Steve. Eyehategod. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  31. ^ a b Huey, Steve. Crowbar. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  32. ^ a b York, William. Buzzov*en. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  33. ^ a b Huey, Steve. Corrosion of Conformity. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  34. ^ Prato, Greg. Down. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  35. ^ York, William. Acid Bath. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  36. ^ Burgess, Aaron (2006-05-23). The loveliest album to crush our skull in months. Alternative Press. Retrieved on 2008-06-22.
  37. ^ Downey, Ryan J.. Isis. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  38. ^ Karan, Tim (2007-02-02). Post-metal titans sniff, jump into the ether.. Alternative Press. Retrieved on 2008-06-21.
  39. ^ see Andy Greenwald's "Nothing Feels Good: Punk Rock, Teenagers, and Emo." pages 9-33, pages 37-39.
  40. ^ "Violent Dancing: Pit Moves." Unitiy HXC, Hardcore Radioshow Hardcore Database. Unity HXC.(http://www.unityhxc.com/violent_dancing/pitmoves.htm)

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Don Letts (born January 10, 1956)) is a British film director and musician. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Michael Azerrad is an American author, journalist and musician. ... Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground, 1981-1991 is a book by Michael Azerrad (ISBN 0-316-78753-1). ... Ned Raggett is a music critic whose work has appeared prominently in All Music Guide, where he is responsible for writing a large portion of the reviews of independent music of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternative Press is a music magazine focusing on goth and punk music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternative Press (or commonly referred to on the website and in the magazine as AP) is a music magazine based in Cleveland, Ohio which primarily focuses on pop rock, post-hardcore, indie rock, ska, hardcore and rock music and their attendant subgenres, providing readers with band interviews and photos, information... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Going Underground: American Punk 1979-1992 (George Hurchalla, Zuo Press, 2005)
  • Smash the State: A Discography of Canadian Punk, 1977-92 (Frank Manley, No Exit, 1993), ISBN 0-9696631-0-2

External links

  • KFTH Online hardcore discography
  • The Punk Vault History of punk and hardcore
  • Scanner zine 2006 interview with Going Underground author George Hurchalla
  • HCPD Hardcore Punk Directory
  • Hardcore Lyrics Hardcore Lyrics Database
Christian hardcore is a form of hardcore and metalcore music and a subgenre of punk rock played by bands where the musicians promote Christian beliefs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Crusty redirects here. ... D-beat is a drum beat, specifically a fast rock beat unique to hardcore punk, especially in its UK and European variants. ... Digital hardcore is a music genre or style that was first defined by Alec Empire. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Funkcore is a music genre or movement derived from a fusion of hardcore punk and funk. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ... HateCore historically refers to hardcore punk bands in the New York City scene in the late 1980s who wanted to point out that their sound was different from the original hardcore bands a few years earlier. ... Melodic hardcore is a subgenre of hardcore punk. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... For other uses, see Oi! (disambiguation). ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Power violence is a cross breeding of the musical genres hardcore punk and grindcore. ... Queercore is a cultural and social movement that began in the mid 1980s as an offshoot of punk. ... Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, gangsta rap, hard rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, hardcore punk and sometimes funk. ... Screamo is a musical genre which evolved from hardcore punk in the early 1990s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of the doom metal and hardcore punk genres, often displaying southern rock influence. ... Taqwacore is a genre of punk music dealing with Islam and its culture, originally conceived in Michael Muhammad Knights novel, The Taqwacores. ... Thrashcore is an extremely fast subgenre of punk rock and saw its beginnings after the beginnings of hardcore punk in the early 1980s. ... Youth crew is a sub-genre of hardcore punk that was most popular from approximately 1986 to 1990, primarily in New York City and, to a lesser degree, Los Angeles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Punk (music). ... This is a list of Scandinavian (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) hardcore punk bands. ... South Wales is home to a scene containing a number of influential bands within the hardcore, post hardcore metalcore, alternative metal, punk and emo musical genres. ... Umeå is a city in northern Sweden. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Boston Hardcore is the influential hardcore punk scene of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The California punk scene is a regional punk music scene that started in the late 1970s and still exists today. ... Chicago developed a hardcore punk scene in the early 1980s that was more experimental than its counterparts in Washington, DC, L.A., and New York City. ... The Detroit Suburbs were the location of one of the first important hardcore punk scenes that swept underground America in the early 1980s. ... // The Minneapolis area has been a fertile ground for the hardcore punk scene for many years. ... New Jersey hardcore (NJHC) refers to hardcore punk and metalcore music created in New Jersey and to the subculture associated with that music. ... New York Hardcore (NYHC) refers to hardcore punk music created in New York City and to the subculture associated with that music. ... Phoenix had a sizable hardcore punk scene in the 1980s that focused mainly around two bands from the citys east side, Meat Puppets and JFA. Meat Puppets, led by the Kirkwood brothers, signed to Greg Ginns SST Records and released several albums that proved to be highly... Washington, D.C. had one of the first and one of the most influential hardcore punk scenes in the United States during the 1980s. ... The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... This is a list of bands considered to be hardcore punk by some. ... Hardcore dancing grew out of the eastern United States hardcore scene, especially the New Jersey, New York, Boston, and Florida hardcore scenes. ... This article is about the subculture. ... Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture. ... This is a list of bands that are considered part of the second wave of punk rock, beginning in the 1980s. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... // Etymology Avant-punk is a corruption of avant-garde, a term generally used in popular reference to mean in the forefront of innovation, though with more specific meanings in the arts. ... Celtic punk (also known as Paddybeat, Celtcore, Jig punk, or Rock and Reel) is a music genre typically associated with Irish punks or punks from the Irish diaspora; although other Celtic nationalities, such as Scottish, Manx and Welsh people are also represented. ... Christian punk is a form of Christian alternative music and a subgenre of punk rock with some degree of Christian lyrical content. ... Cowpunk or Country Punk is a subgenre of punk rock that began in southern California in the 1980s, especially Los Angeles. ... Crusty redirects here. ... Dance-punk (also known as disco-punk) is a term for an amalgamation of the conceptual elements of punk rock with the production techniques of dance musics, such as funk, dub, disco, synthpop, house, and techno. ... Deathrock is a term used to identify a subgenre of punk rock and Goth which incorporates elements of horror and spooky atmospheres within a Goth-Punk style and first emerged most prominently in the West Coast of the United States and London during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Anarchy Heart, a symbol popular in the young radical community, particularly with Folk Punks and Anarchists. ... Garage punk is a subgenre of punk rock that is heavily influenced by garage rock. ... Ceòl Gàidhlig Mar Sgian Nad Amhaich compilation 7 single with Oi Polloi, Mill a h-Uile Rud, Atomgevitter and Nad Aislingean Gaelic Punk is a subgenre of punk rock consisting of groups and bands singing in Scottish Gaelic as an effort to preserve and spread knowledge of the... Glam punk is glam rock and punk rock music. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Horror punk is a music genre that was defined by the band The Misfits, blending horror movie lyrical themes and imagery with musical influences from early punk rock, doo-wop, and, to a lesser degree, rockabilly. ... Two Punk Front members (1978). ... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ... No Wave was a short-lived but influential music and art scene that thrived briefly in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s alongside the punk scene there. ... Merzbow Einstürzende Neubauten Sonic Youth Melt Banana Lightning Bolt Neptune Noise rock describes one variety of post-punk rock music that became prominent in the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Oi! (disambiguation). ... Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Psychobilly is a genre of rock music that mixes elements of punk rock, rockabilly, and other genres. ... Allmusic. ... Punk Pathetique is a sub-variant of Punk Rock termed by Garry Bushell. ... Queercore is a cultural and social movement that began in the mid 1980s as an offshoot of punk. ... Riot grrrl (or riot grrl) is an indie/punk feminist movement that reached its height in the 1990s but continues to exert influence over alternative cultures. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Defining characteristics of synthpunk (also known as synth-punk) bands include being founded at the same time (late 1970s) and place (California) as many US punk bands, performing with those same punk bands, in those same punk clubs, with records released on those same punk labels, preferring electronic instruments such... Taqwacore is a genre of punk music dealing with Islam and its culture, originally conceived in Michael Muhammad Knights novel, The Taqwacores. ... Afro-punk (sometimes spelled Afropunk or AfroPunk) is a term referring to African American and black people experiences of punk culture. ... Protopunk is a term used to describe a number of performers who were important precursors of punk rock, or who have been cited by early punk rockers as influential. ... The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... Early punk rock musicians (1970s-1980) // 999 Acme Sewage Company Abrasive Wheels The Adicts The Adverts Alternative TV Amazorblades Angelic Upstarts Anti-Nowhere League Anti-Pasti The Angry Samoans The Au Pairs The Automatics The Avengers Bad Brains Bad Religion The Bags Big Balls and the Great White Idiot Big... This is a list of bands that are considered part of the second wave of punk rock, beginning in the 1980s. ... The punk subculture is a subculture that is based around punk rock. ... List of punk movies, i. ... Punk fashion is the styles of clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, jewelry, and body modifications of the punk subculture. ... Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture. ... The cover of the God Save the Queen single designed by Jamie Reid. ... Punk dance is the variety of dance popular among fans of punk rock and related styles. ... A cover of the punk zine Maximum RocknRoll. ... A punk zine (or punkzine) is a fanzine devoted to punk rock music, bands, or the DIY punk philosophy. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... This is a list of films related to the punk subculture Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z . ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hardcore punk - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (467 words)
Hardcore punk (known to emo/straightedge kids as hxc) was invented in 1683 by angry parents that keep yelling at there kids and then they had an idea to make music of them yelling at there kids.
Hardcore kids distinguish themselves by a tendency to flout bourgeois convention and shock their parents by hardcore dancing, dressing in clothing purposefully evocative of SandM or the military, dyeing their hair unnatural colors, taking dangerous street drugs, and doing other, similar things from since before they were born/forever.
Hardcore kids have no right to make fun of emo kids; for the most part, they are middle class youth attempting to act like tough, street-wise, urban youth.
Hardcore punk, Hardcore Punk Music. (827 words)
Hardcore punk (usually referred to simply as hardcore) is a subgenre of punk rock which originated in the United States of America in the late 1970s.
The origin of the term hardcore punk is uncertain, however one theory is that the Vancouver-based band D.O.A. made the term official with the title of their 1981 album, Hardcore '81.
Hardcore punk fans brought a dressed-down T-shirt, jeans, and crewcut style to punk fashion.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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