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Encyclopedia > Harbin
哈尔滨市
Hā'ěrbīn Shì
Administration Type Sub-provincial city
Seat Daoli District
Mayor Zhang Xiaolian 张效廉
(since February, 2007)
Area
 - Urban area
53,775 km²
7,086 km²
Population (2005)
 - Metropolitan area
9,462,300
4,642,400[1]
Elevation 150 m / 488 ft
GDP (2005) CNY 183.04 billion
Major Nationalities Han, Korean, Manchu, Hui, Mongol, Daur, Russian, Uyghur
County-level divisions 19
Area code 451
License Plate Prefix A
Harbin on a map of China
For other meanings of "Harbin", see Harbin (disambiguation).

Harbin  (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨; Traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱; Pinyin: Hā'ěrbīn; Wade-Giles: Ha-erh-pin; Russian Харби́н  Kharbin) is a sub-provincial city and the capital of the Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China. It lies on the southern bank of the Songhua River. Harbin is ranked as the tenth largest city in China, serving as a key political, economic, scientific, cultural and communications center of Northeastern China. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1018, 266 KB) Description: Maps of Heilongjiang Provinces, China Source: Date: On Aug. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Image:Seat 600 spain. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 4217 Code CNY User(s) Mainland of the Peoples Republic of China Inflation 1. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Hui people (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Xiaoerjing: حُوِ Ø°ÙŽÙˆ ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The Daur people (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; the former name Dahur is considered derogatory) are an ethnic group. ... The Uyghur (also spelled Uighur; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) are a Turkic people of Central Asia. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Harbin on Chinas map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Harbin on Chinas map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There is a major city in China with this name: Harbin, China There is a Chinese aircraft manufacturer that uses the name: Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC) There are also three populated places in the United States with this name: Harbin, Georgia in Gwinnett County, Georgia Harbin, Tennessee in Roane... Image File history File links Zh-Harbin. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Image File history File links Ru-Kharbin. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... Location of the Songhua River is in dark blue. ...


Harbin is originally a Manchu word meaning 'a place for drying fishing nets.' The Manchu language is a Tungusic language spoken by Manchus in Manchuria; it is the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 70 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. ...

  • City seat: Daoli District
  • Population: 9.54 million, of them 4.64 million in the urban area of the city[2]
  • Area: 53775 km², 7086 km² urban
  • Geographic coordinates: 125°42′-130°10′ east, 44°04′-46°40′ N
  • GDP: ¥183.04 billion (ca. US$22.88 billion) in 2005
  • Competitive Ability: Ranked no. 10 in <2004 Chinese City Competitive Ability Reports>
  • Mayor: Zhang Xiaolian (张效廉): since February, 2007

Harbin bears the nickname 'The Pearl on the swan's neck' because the shape of Heilongjiang resembles a swan, or as 'Oriental Moscow' or 'Oriental Paris' for the architecture in the city. Harbin is also known as 'Ice City' for its long and cold winter. Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Species 6-7 living, see text. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

Contents

Subdivisions

8 districts:

  • Daoli District (道里区)
  • Nangang District (南岗区)
  • Xiangfang District (香坊区)
  • Daowai District (道外区)
  • Pingfang District (平房区)
  • Songbei District (松北区)
  • Hulan District (呼兰区)
  • Acheng District (阿城区)


3 county-level cities: Daoli District is one of the oldest districts in the city of Harbin in the Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China. ... Alternative meaning: Nangang District, Harbin Náng&#462;ng (Hanyu Pinyin) (Chinese: &#21335;&#28207;, WG: Nan-kang, Tongyong Pinyin: Nangang) is a district of Taipei. ... Acheng, (Chinese: 阿城; pinyin: Ä€chéng; also spelled Ashihe, Ashehe, or, until 1909, Ashihho[1]; Manchu: Alchuka) is a small city and an administrative county-level district of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China. ...

  • Shangzhii (尚志市)
  • Shuangcheng (双城市)
  • Wuchang (五常市)
Hua Yuan Street (Garden Street) in the Nangang district

7 counties: Shuangcheng, 双城市, Heilongjiang, China a county level city along the railroad approxamately 42km south of Harbin, in Harbin prefecture. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 292 KB) Summary Hua Er Street in the Daoli district Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 292 KB) Summary Hua Er Street in the Daoli district Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

  • Fangzheng (方正县)
  • Bin (宾县)
  • Yilan (依兰县)
  • Bayan County (巴彦县)
  • Tonghe (通河县)
  • Mulan (木兰县)
  • Yanshu (延寿县)

Mulan is a 1998 animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released by Walt Disney Pictures on June 19, 1998. ...

History

Human settlement in the Harbin area dates from at least 2200 BC (late Stone Age). It was formerly called Pinkiang. Stone Age fishing hook. ...


The modern city of Harbin originated in 1898 from a small village, with the start of the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway (KVZhD) by Russia, an extension of the Trans-Siberian railroad, shortcutting substantially the distance to Vladivostok and creating a link to the port city of Dairen (Dalnii) and the Russian Naval Base Port Arthur. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The China Far East Railway (a. ...


Following the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5), Russia's influence declined, and several thousand nationals from 33 countries including the United States, Germany, and France moved to Harbin. Sixteen countries established consulates and set up several hundred industrial, commercial and banking companies in Harbin. The Chinese also established their own businesses in brewing, food and the textile industry. Harbin had established its status as the center of northeastern China and as an international metropolis. Combatants Russian Empire Montenegro[1] Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov â€  Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: Nichi-Ro Sensō, Russian: , Chinese: , February 10, 1904 – September 5, 1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of...


In December 1918, during the Russian Civil War, defeated Russian White Guards and refugees retreated to the city: it then became a major centre of White Russian émigrés. The city became the largest Russian enclave outside Russia. The Jewish community was formed by Russian Jews and included a group of German Jews, who fled Nazi Germany in the late 1930s. The Russians established the Russian school system and published Russian language newspapers and journals. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Combatants Red Army Latvian Reds Finnish Reds White Army Czech Legion Allied intervention UK France United States Japan Italy  Canada  Greece  Romania  Serbia New states Poland Finland  Latvia  Estonia  Lithuania Ukrainian Peoples Republic Green Army (Cossacks) Black Army (Anarchists) Blue Army (Peasants) Commanders Trotsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Kamenev Budyonny Frunze... The White movement, whose military arm is known as the White Army (&#1041;&#1077;&#1083;&#1072;&#1103; &#1040;&#1088;&#1084;&#1080;&#1103;) or White Guard (&#1041;&#1077;&#1083;&#1072;&#1103; &#1043;&#1074;&#1072;&#1088;&#1076;&#1080;&#1103;, &#1073;&#1077;&#1083;&#1086;&#1075;&#1074;&#1072;&#1088;&#1076;&#1077;&#1081;&#1094;&#1099... White Army redirects here. ... Émigré is a French term that shows how Martin B. loves stephanie. ...


In 1935, after the sale of the railway (KVZhD) to the Japanese, Harbin became part of the Japanese controlled state of Manchukuo. After 1946 Harbin came under the contol of the Soviet Union, which occupied the region. The rest of the European community (Russians, Germans, Poles, Greeks etc.) emigrated during the years 1950-54 to Australia, Brazil and the USA, or were repatriated to their home countries. Thousands of Russians who fled communism before the war were executed by Soviet troops, and many were forcibly moved to the Soviet Union. By 1988 the original Russian community numbered just thirty, all of them elderly. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Flag Anthem National Anthem of Manchukuo Map of Manchukuo Capital Not specified Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1932 - 1945 Puyi Prime Minister  - 1932 - 1935 Zheng Xiaoxu  - 1935 - 1945 Zhang Jinghui History  - Established 1932  - Disestablished 1945 Manchukuo (1932–1945, , State of Manchuria) was a former country in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia...


With the establishment of the Manchukuo, Japanese troops occupied Harbin on 4 February 1932. The notorious Unit 731, a secret biological warfare military unit, was based in Pingfan. The Soviet Army took the city on 20 August 1945. Harbin never came under the control of the Kuomintang, whose troops stopped 60 km short the city and its administration was transferred by the departing Soviet Army to the Chinese People's Liberation Army in April 1946. Flag Anthem National Anthem of Manchukuo Map of Manchukuo Capital Not specified Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1932 - 1945 Puyi Prime Minister  - 1932 - 1935 Zheng Xiaoxu  - 1935 - 1945 Zhang Jinghui History  - Established 1932  - Disestablished 1945 Manchukuo (1932–1945, , State of Manchuria) was a former country in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Body disposal at Unit 731 Unit 731 was a covert biological warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried... For the use of biological agents by terrorists, see bioterrorism. ... Pingfan was the headquarters of the Japanese Biological Warfare Unit 731 during World War II. Situated on the outskirts of Harbin, China, it had an airport, railway and dungeons. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The eight Harbin counties originally formed part of Songhuajiang Prefecture (松花江地区), and became incorporated into Harbin on 11 August 1999, making Harbin a sub-provincial city. A sub-provincial city (&#21103;&#30465;&#32423;&#22478;&#24066;), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ...


Toxic leak in benzene factory

A benzene plant situated upstream in the city of Jilin along the Songhua river exploded on 13 November 2005. Benzene levels reached more than 100 times normal levels, which led authorities in Harbin to shut off the water supply, and some residents left the city while others rushed to buy bottled water. After a few days the water supply was restored. The Harbin government originally declared to the public that the water supply was temporarily off while the supply system was checked. They also denied reports of a chemical leak, claiming that was "just a rumour." [3] The location of the Jilin Province of China. ... Benzene is an organic chemical compound with the formula C6H6. ... Jilin City (Chinese: 吉林市; pinyin: ), a city that is located in Jilin Province in China, situated in hilly area near the Songhua River. ... Location of the Songhua River is in dark blue. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Architecture

Hongbo Square

Called the Oriental St. Petersburg, Harbin is one of China's most beautiful cities. The city is well-known for its unique, Russian and European-influenced architecture. Harbin, China Photo by Yao Dao Luan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Harbin, China Photo by Yao Dao Luan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: &#1057;&#1072;&#1085;&#1082;&#1090;-&#1055;&#1077;&#1090;&#1077;&#1088;&#1073;&#1091;&#769;&#1088;&#1075;, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as &#1055;&#1080;&#1090;&#1077;&#1088; (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (&#1051;&#1077;&#1085;&#1080;&#1085;&#1075;&#1088;&#1072;&#769;&#1076;, 1924&#8211;1991) and... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ...


Zhong Yang Street (Central Street, also known as Kitaiskaia St.), one of the main business streets in Harbin, is a perfect remnant of the bustling international business activities at the turn of the 20th century. The 1.4-km long street is a veritable museum of European architectural styles, including Baroque and Byzantine façades, Jewish architectural wonders, little Russian bakeries, French fashion houses, American snack food outlets, and Japanese restaurants. The Russian Orthodox church: St. Sophia Cathedral is also located in this central district of Daoli. A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire. ... ... The Russian Orthodox Church (&#1056;&#1091;&#1089;&#1089;&#1082;&#1072;&#1103; &#1055;&#1088;&#1072;&#1074;&#1086;&#1089;&#1083;&#1072;&#1074;&#1085;&#1072;&#1103; &#1094;&#1077;&#1088;&#1082;&#1086;&#1074;&#1100;) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ...


St. Sophia took nine years to build and was completed in 1932. It has now been made into a museum as a showcase of the multi-cultural architecture of Harbin.


Many citizens believe that the Orthodox church damaged the local feng shui, so they donated money to build a Chinese monastery in 1921, the Ji Le Temple. There were more than 15 Russian Orthodox churches and two cemeteries in Harbin until 1949. Mao's Communist Revolution, and the subsequent Cultural Revolution, saw many of them destroyed. Now, about 10 churches remain, while services are held only in one. F&#275;ng Shu&#464; (&#39080;&#27700; &#8211; literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... Ji Le Temple(极乐寺;pinyin:Jí Lē Sì) located at No. ... A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism (state or worker ownership over the means of production) as an intermediate stage. ... The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Proletarian Cultural Great Revolution; often abbreviated to 文化大革命 wénhuà dà gémìng, literally Great Cultural Revolution, or even simpler, to 文革 wéngé, Cultural Revolution) in the Peoples Republic of China was a struggle for power within the...


Russian influence

Main article: Harbin Russians
Saint Sophia Church in Harbin

Harbin today is still very much influenced by its Russian past. A city once under Russian rule, it is now a center of trade with that country. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ethnic Russians in China. ... Saint Sofia Church. ... Saint Sofia Church. ...


The influence of Russia came with the construction of the China Far East Railway, an extension of the Trans-Siberian Railway, and Harbin, known formerly as a fishing village began to prosper as the largest commercial, economical center of North Eastern Asia. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ...


Tsarist Russia encouraged Russian settlement in their important Trans-Siberian-Railway outpost by waiving the then 25 year long military service. For Jews who settled there, the restrictions applying in Russia were also waived.


The local cuisine in Harbin is also Russian-influenced. Harbin's bakeries are famous for their bread (lie-ba in local dialect, derived from the Russian word khleb for "bread"). Harbin's sausages (qiu-lin hong-chang) are another notable product, in that they tend to be of a much more European flavour than other Chinese sausages. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


The Harbin dialect also retains other vocabulary items originating in the Russian language.

See also: Chinese Eastern Railway Zone

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Winter culture and activities

Harbin is one of the sources of ice and snow culture in the world. Geographically, it is located in Northeast China under the direct influence of the cold winter wind from Siberia. The average temperature in summer is 21.2 degrees Celsius, −16.8 degrees Celsius in winter. It can be as cold as −38.1 degrees Celsius in winter. Snowflakes by Wilson Bentley, 1902 Ice is the name given to any one of the 14 known solid phases of water. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... It has been suggested that Western Siberia be merged into this article or section. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...


The annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival has been held since 1985. It starts from January 5th and lasts one month. There are ice lantern park touring activities held in many parks in the city. Winter activities in the festival include Yabuli Alpine Skiing, winter-swimming in Songhua River, and the ice-lantern exhibition in Zhaolin Garden. Snow carving and ice and snow recreations are world famous. Ice and Snow World in Harbin The annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival has been held since 1985. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Location of the Songhua River is in dark blue. ...


The "Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival" is one of the world's four largest ice and snow festivals, along with Japan's Sapporo Snow Festival, Canada's Quebec City Winter Carnival, and Norway's Ski Festival. A palace entirely made of snow The Sapporo Snow Festival (さっぽろ雪まつり Sapporo Yuki-matsuri) is a famous yearly festival held in Sapporo, Japan over seven days in February. ... Bonhomme Carnaval is the ambassador of Carnaval de Québec The biggest winter carnival in the world, the Carnaval de Québec (known in English as the Quebec City Winter Carnival) is a celebration held yearly in Quebec City, Canada, with many activities, such as dogsled rides, night parades, snow...


Every November, the city of Harbin sends teams of ice artisans to the United States to promote their unique artform. It takes more than 100 artisans to create ICE!, the annual display of indoor Christmas-themed ice carvings in Nashville, Tennessee; Kissimmee, Florida; and Grapevine, Texas.


The third Winter Asian Games took place in Harbin in 1996. The city of Harbin bid for hosting the 2010 Winter Olympics. The Alpine skiing events would have taken place in the Yabuli ski resort. In the frame of this campaign to assert its role on the world scene, Harbin will also be the host city of the 2009 Winter Universiade. Harbin plans to spend US$ 1.5 billion in construction and renovation of its sport infrastructure for this Universiade. Asian Games Logo The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next Winter Olympics, scheduled to be performed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010. ... Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is a recreational activity and sport involving sliding down snow-covered hills with long, thin skis attached to each foot. ... The 2009 Winter Universiade, the XXIV Winter Universiade, is scheduled to take place in Harbin, China. ... The Universiade is an International multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). ...

'Ice and Snow World' in Harbin

Ice and Snow World in Harbin Photo by Lin Yang File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ice and Snow World in Harbin Photo by Lin Yang File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Sister cities

Domestic

  (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng-tu), located in southwest China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a sub-provincial city. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Japanese: Dairen; Russian: Далянь, Dalian or Дальний, Dalny) is the governing sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning Province of Northeast China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangdong, often spelt as Kwangtung, is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in the Peoples Republic of China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A view of the Xiamen University campus Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal map spelling: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Location of Xining Xining (Simplified Chinese : 西宁, Traditional Chinese : 西寧, Tibetan : Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ...

International

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Niigata ) is the capital and the most populous city of Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... For the meteorite Aarhus, see Meteorite falls. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast Sverdlovsk Oblast (Russian: , Sverdlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) located in the Urals Federal District. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: , Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - Municipality  1,961. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Ekurhuleni Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Daugavpils (Belarusian Дзьвінск Dźvinsk, Russian Двинcк Dvinsk, Lithuanian Daugpilis, German Dünaburg, Polish Dźwinów, DźwiÅ„sk or Dyneburg, Yiddish דענענבורג Denenburg), population 115,265 in 2000 census) is the second largest city in Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Government Country District Krai Russia Far Eastern Federal District Khabarovsk Krai Established 1858 Mayor Alexandr Sokolov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 372 km² Population  - City (2005) 579,000 Coordinates Other Information Postal Code 680xxx Dialing Code +7 4212 Website: www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County Prahova County Status County seat Mayor Emil Calotă, Social Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 58. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Asahikawa, or Asahigawa (&#26093;&#24029;&#24066;; -shi) is a city located in Kamikawa, Hokkaido, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Bucheon City Hall. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Salvador and Baía de Todos os Santos from space, April 1997 Salvador (in full, São Salvador da Baía de Todos os Santos, or in literal translation: Holy Savior of All Saints Bay) is a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the northeastern... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Givatayim (&#1490;&#1489;&#1506;&#1514;&#1497;&#1497;&#1501;) is a city in Israel on the central coastal strip. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Griffith can refer to: People with the surname Griffith: Andy Griffith, American actor, writer, producer D.W. Griffith, American film director Emile Griffith, first World Boxing Champion Frederick Griffith who discovered a transforming principle, later shown to be DNA. David Griffith, an American writer George Griffith, writer Melanie Griffith, American... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ...

Media

The Heilongjiang Television and Harbin Economy Radio both serve as the media outlets of this region. Long Bei Jing (Chinese: 龙背景, Pinyin: lóng bèi jǐng, Translation: Dragon Background Scenery), also known as HLJTV (Hei Long Jiang Television), is a television network in the Harbin, China and Heilongjiang province area. ... Harbin Heilongjiang Economy Radio consists of two radio stations both broadcasting economic news from Harbin and the greater Heilongjiang Province area. ...


Colleges and universities

The Harbin Institute of Technology (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), or HIT, colloquially known as Hagongda (哈工大, Hāgōngdà). It is a technical university in the city of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China, similar to Georgia Tech or Carnegie Mellon in the United States. ... Harbin Engineering University http://www. ... Heilongjiang University (黑龙江大学) is a famous comprehensive university in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China. ... The Harbin Jewish Research Center is located in Harbin (China) and was founded in April 2000 by the Heilongjiang Academy of Social Sciences. ... Harbin Normal University (HNU) (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨师范大学; Traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱師範大學; Pinyin: Hāěrbīnshīfàndàxué) is a university located in Harbin, Heilongjiang, P.R. China. ... Harbin University of Science and Technology (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨理工大学; pinyin: Hāěrbīn Lǐgōng Dàxué) is a university in Harbin, China. ... The Northeast Agricultural University (NEAU)(东北农业大学)[1] was established in 1948 in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, PRC. It was first called Northeast Agricultural College and in 1994 it was renamed NEAU. Now The NEAU is one of the key universities in Heilongjiang Province and one of the 211-Project universities in China. ...

See also

Qiqihar ( Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Manchu: Cicigar hoton) is a major city in the Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China and has 895,000 inhabitants. ... This article is about a city. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Japanese: Dairen; Russian: Далянь, Dalian or Дальний, Dalny) is the governing sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning Province of Northeast China. ... Changchun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located at the northeast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ethnic Russians in China. ... Nikos Kavvadias (Greek: Νίκος Καββαδίας) (1910 – February 10, 1975) was a Greek poet and writer; currently one of the most popular poets in Greece. ... Kefalonia, also known as Cephallenia, Cephallonia, Kefallinia, or Kefallonia (Ancient Greek: Κεφαλληνία; Modern Greek: Κεφαλλονιά or Κεφαλονιά), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece with an area of 350 sq. ... . ... This is a list of the current and former capitals of subnational entities of China. ...

References

Thomas Lahusen. Harbin and Manchuria: Place, Space, and Identity. November 15, 2001. ISBN 0-8223-6475-1.


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
:category:Harbin
  • Government website (English)
  • Government website (Chinese)
  • Government website (Russian)
  • Harbin travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Satellite photo via Google Maps


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial cities: Harbin
Prefecture-level cities: Daqing | Hegang | Heihe | Jiamusi | Jixi
Mudanjiang | Qiqihar | Qitaihe | Shuangyashan | Suihua | Yichun
Prefectures: Daxing'anling Prefecture
List of Heilongjiang County-level divisions

Coordinates: 45°45′N, 126°38′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harbin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1203 words)
Harbin bears the nickname 'The Pearl on the swan's neck' because the shape of Heilongjiang resembles a swan, or as 'Oriental Moscow' or 'Oriental Paris' for the architecture in the city.
Harbin never came under the control of the Kuomintang, whose troops stopped 60 km short the city and its administration was transferred by the departing Soviet Army to the Chinese People's Liberation Army in April 1946.
Harbin is one of the sources of ice and snow culture in the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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