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Encyclopedia > Hara Takashi
Hara Takashi
Hara Takashi

Hara Takashi (原敬 February 9, 1856November 4, 1921) was a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from September 29, 1918 to November 4, 1921. He was also called Hara Kei informally. He was the first commoner appointed to the office of prime minister of Japan. His catch phrase as a politician was "commoner and minister" (平民宰相 heimin saisho). Image File history File links 19_HaraT.jpg Hara Takashi (原敬 1856-02-09–1921-11-04) was a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from 1918-09-29 to 1921-11-04. ... Image File history File links 19_HaraT.jpg Hara Takashi (原敬 1856-02-09–1921-11-04) was a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from 1918-09-29 to 1921-11-04. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A politician is an individual involved in politics to the extent of holding or running for public office. ... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the English political nomenclature of the head of government of Japan. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A commoner, in British law, is someone who is neither the Sovereign nor a noble. ...

Contents


Early life

He was born in a village of the feudal Nanbu domain (now Iwate Prefecture). He was the son of a samurai class family which had resisted the Meiji Restoration and the establishment of the very government which Hara himself would one day lead. Due to his association with a former enemy clan of the new Imperial Government, which was dominated by the feudal clans of Choshu and Satsuma, Hara for long remained an outsider in the world of politics. Iwate Prefecture (岩手県; Iwate-ken) is located in the Tohoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ... The Meiji Restoration (Japanese: 明治維新, Meiji-ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ... Nagato (Ja. ... Satsuma is the name of a town in Japan, Satsuma, Kagoshima, the surrounding district, Satsuma District, Kagoshima, the former province, Satsuma Province, which is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, a revolt, the Satsuma Rebellion. ...


He left home at the age of 15 and went to Tokyo by boat. He failed the entrance examination of the prestigious Naval Academy (海軍兵学校 kaigunhei gakkou), and instead joined the Marin Seminary, a French-established, free religious school. It was here that he learned to speak French fluently. Soon after that he joined the law school of the Ministry of Justice. Headquarters of Tokyo Metropolitan Government View of Tokyos Shibuya district Tokyo ) (help· info), literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized downtown area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ...


At the age of 17 he was baptized, and even though it is often speculated that he became Christian for personal gain at the time, he remained a Christian in public life until the day he died. At the age of 19, Hara broke away from his family's samurai class (士族 shizoku) and chose instead the classification of commoner (平民 heimin). At various times later in his political career, offers were made to raise his rank, but Hara denied them every time on the basis that it would alienate himself from the common men and limit his ability to gain entrance to the House of Representatives (衆議院 shugiin). A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ...


Political life

In 1882, Hara took a position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Under the auspices of Mutsu Munemitsu (1844–1897), Hara served as vice-minister of foreign affairs and as ambassador to Korea. He then left the Foreign Ministry to work as a journalist for several years. He became the manager of a newspaper company, the Osaka Mainichi Simbun, but in 1900, he returned to politics and joined the new-founded party Rikken Seiyukai(立憲政友会) that was founded by Ito Hirobumi. Hara became the first secretary-general of the party. Categories: Stub | 1844 births | 1897 deaths | Japanese politicians ... Korea (see Names of Korea) refers to the civilization and geographical area situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, bordering China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast, and Japan to the southeast across the Korea Strait. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with reporter. ... Rikkenseiyukai (Friends of Constitutional Government, 立憲政友会) is a political party in Japan founded in 1890 by Count Itō Hirobumi. ... Born in Hagi, Yamaguchi, Prince Itō Hirobumi (伊藤 博文 Itō Hirobumi 16 October 1841–26 October 1909, also called Hirofumi/Hakubun and Shunsuke in his youth) was a Japanese politician and the countrys first Prime Minister (and the 5th, 7th and 10th). ...


He ran successfully for the lower house and served as home minister in several cabinets between 1906 and 1913. Hara is best known for his later service as Prime Minister, but he was also able to effect many reforms from his cabinet positions. He would systematically fire existing heads of local governments in every capacity from Governor down to High School Principal. Any public employee fell under his power, and he would always replace them with people in whom he saw real ability instead of as favors. He also made a point of developing the Japanese national infrastructure and created systems in which people with talent could rise to the top regardless of their background or rank. Many of these systems still exist in some form today.


In 1914, after heated debate, he was appointed the president of the Seiyukai to replace the outgoing and aging leader Saionji Kinmochi. This period is often called Taisho democracy, which represented the move away from Japan's traditional system of government and toward something that could be called a real democracy. Under Hara's leadership, the Seiyukai got supporters steadily and in 1917, it became the largest party in the Diet. 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Rikkenseiyukai (Friends of Constitutional Government, 立憲政友会) is a political party in Japan founded in 1890 by Count Itō Hirobumi. ... Kinmochi Saionji Saionji Kinmochi (西園寺 公望 Saionji Kinmochi October 23, 1849–November 24, 1940) was a Japanese politician and the 12th (January 7, 1906–July 14, 1908) and 14th (August 30, 1911–December 21, 1912) Prime Minister of Japan. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Taisho period (大正 Taishō, lit. ... Rikkenseiyukai (Friends of Constitutional Government, 立憲政友会) is a political party in Japan founded in 1890 by Count Itō Hirobumi. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Prime Minister

Plaque in Tokyo Station commemorating Hara's assassination
Plaque in Tokyo Station commemorating Hara's assassination

In 1918, Terauchi Masatake fell from popularity because of the rice riots and resigned. Hara was appointed by the prime minister as his successor on September 28, 1918. It was the first party government in Japan and the first cabinet headed by a commoner. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1300x1086, 698 KB) Summary Memorial plaque for Prime Minister Hara Takashi Marunouchi South Exit (outside controlled area) Assassinated in Tokyo Station Tokyo Station Tokyo, Japan Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hara Takashi Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1300x1086, 698 KB) Summary Memorial plaque for Prime Minister Hara Takashi Marunouchi South Exit (outside controlled area) Assassinated in Tokyo Station Tokyo Station Tokyo, Japan Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hara Takashi Metadata This file contains... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Terauchi Masatake Terauchi Masatake (寺内 正毅 February 5, 1852–November 3, 1919) was a Japanese soldier and politician and the 18th Prime Minister of Japan from October 9, 1916 to September 29, 1918. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Hara held strong views about his opponents, the military powers and politicians who originated from the Kagoshima and Yamaguchi Prefectures, i.e. the former Satsuma and Choshu clans. In 1921, he was assassinated (stabbed) by a right-wing military officer at Tokyo Station. Kagoshima (鹿児島市; -shi) the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwest tip of the Kyushu island of Japan. ... Yamaguchi (山口, mountain entrance/gateway) is the 15th most common Japanese surname. ... Satsuma is the name of a town in Japan, Satsuma, Kagoshima, the surrounding district, Satsuma District, Kagoshima, the former province, Satsuma Province, which is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, a revolt, the Satsuma Rebellion. ... Nagato (Ja. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Marunouchi side of Tokyo Station Closeup of center exit Tokyo Station (東京駅; -eki) is a train station located in the Marunouchi business district of Tokyo, near the Imperial Palace grounds and the Ginza commercial district. ...


As opposed to many of his contemporaries, Hara lived a relatively simple lifestyle in a rented home near Shiba Park in downtown Tokyo. In his will, he left very few assets behind but among these was his diary. He wrote "After a period of some years my diary must be made public. It is the most valuable of all my possessions, so it must be protected." According to the will it was made public and what came to be called the Hara Diary (原日記 hara nikki) turned out to be one of the most valuable first hand accounts of the political scene in that era. Most of his daily activities are written along with opinions and thoughts regarding the political figures of the time. The diary itself is thousands of pages long but reveals, in depth, a broad range of information previously unknown to historians.


Bibliography

  • Najita, Tetsuo: Hara Kei in the Politics of Compromise 1905-1915. Harvard Univ. Press, 1967.
  • Olson, L. A.: Hara Kei – A Political Biography. Ph.D.diss. Harvard University, 1954.
  • Duus, Peter: Party Rivalry and Political Change in Taisho Japan. Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Links

  • Hara Kei Memorial Hall
Prime Ministers of Japan Flag of Japan
Ito - Kuroda - Yamagata - Matsukata - Ito (2nd) - Matsukata (2nd) - Ito (3rd) - Okuma - Yamagata (2nd) - Ito (4th) - Katsura - Saionji - Katsura (2nd) - Saionji (2nd) - Katsura (3rd) - Yamamoto - Okuma (2nd) - Terauchi - Hara - Takahashi - To. Kato - Yamamoto (2nd) - Kiyoura - Ta. Kato - Wakatsuki - G. Tanaka - Hamaguchi - Wakatsuki (2nd) - Inukai - Saito - Okada - Hirota - Hayashi - Konoe - Hiranuma - Abe - Yonai - Konoe (2nd) - Tojo - Koiso - K. Suzuki - Higashikuni - Shidehara - Yoshida - Katayama - Ashida - Yoshida (2nd) - Hatoyama - Ishibashi - Kishi - Ikeda - Sato - K. Tanaka - Miki - Fukuda - Ohira - Z. Suzuki - Nakasone - Takeshita - Uno - Kaifu - Miyazawa - Hosokawa - Hata - Murayama - Hashimoto - Obuchi - Mori - Koizumi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hara Takashi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1022 words)
Hara Takashi (原敬 February 9, 1856–November 4, 1921) was a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from September 29, 1918 to November 4, 1921.
Under the auspices of Mutsu Munemitsu (1844–1897), Hara served as vice-minister of foreign affairs and as ambassador to Korea.
Hara was appointed by the prime minister as his successor on September 28, 1918.
Patentee Index (8471 words)
Nakahara, Hiroki; Uehara, Hideki; Miyazaki, Takashi; and Hagiwara, Takeshi 06989879 Cl. 349-123.
Okamoto, Eiichi; Komatsu, Masakazu; Kubota, Yukio; Nochi, Susumu; Akashima, Susumu; Uno, Takashi; Higashiguchi, Gaku; Tani, Shinsuke; and Yamamoto, Kazuo 06988571 Cl. 180-6.48.
Kojima, Masayuki; Torii, Yoshimi; Hunabashi, Michimasa; Suko, Kazuyuki; Yamada, Takashi; Kuroiwa, Keizo; Nojiri, Kazuo; Kawasaki, Yoshinao; Sato, Yoshiaki; Fukuyama, Ryooji; and Kawahara, Hironobu 06989228 Cl. 430-311.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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