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Encyclopedia > Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
Grimmelshausen, painting (1641)
Grimmelshausen, painting (1641)

Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen (1621 - August 11, 1676), German author, was born at Gelnhausen in 1621. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (915x1129, 145 KB) Description: Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen Source: Painting of Marcus Bloß from 1641, picture taken by de:user:Tohma First uploaded to de-Wikipedia (de:Bild:Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (915x1129, 145 KB) Description: Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen Source: Painting of Marcus Bloß from 1641, picture taken by de:user:Tohma First uploaded to de-Wikipedia (de:Bild:Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Nickname: Barbarossa town Motto: Official website: www. ...


At the age of ten he was kidnapped by Hessian soldiery, and in their midst tasted the adventures of military life in the Thirty Years' War. At its close, Grimmelshausen entered the service of Franz Egon von Fürstenberg, bishop in Straßburg and in 1665 was made Schultheiss (magistrate) at Renchen in Baden. Hesse (German: Hessen) is one of Germanys sixteen federal states (Bundesländer) and has an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Renchen is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ...


On obtaining this appointment, he devoted himself to literary pursuits, and in 1668 published Der Abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch, d.h. die Beschreibung des Lebens eines seltsamen Vaganten, genannt Melchior Sternfels von Fuchsheim, the greatest German novel of the 17th century. For this work he took as his model the picaresque romances of Spain, already to some extent known in Germany. Simplicissimus is in great measure its author's autobiography; he begins with the childhood of his hero, and describes the latter's adventures amid the stirring scenes of the Thirty Years' War. The rustic detail with which these pictures are presented makes the book one of the most valuable documents of its time. In the later parts Grimmelshausen, however, over-indulges in allegory, and finally loses himself in a Robinson Crusoe story. The picaresque novel (Spanish: picaresco, from pícaro, for rogue or rascal) is a popular style of novel that originated in Spain and flourished in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries and has continued to influence modern literature. ... An autobiography (from the Greek auton, self, bios, life and graphein, write) is a biography written by the subject or composed conjointly with a collaborative writer (styled as told to or with). The term dates from the late eighteenth century, but the form is much older. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Robinson Crusoe and Man Friday by Carl Offterdinger Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in 1719 and sometimes regarded as the first novel in English. ...


Among his other works the most important are the so-called Simplicianische Schriften:

  • Die Ertzbetrügerin and Landstörtzerin Courasche (1669)
  • Der seitsame Springinsfeld (1670)
  • Das wunderbarliche Vogelnest (1672)

His satires, such as Der teutsche Michel (1670), and gallant novels, like Dietwald und Amelinde (1670) are of inferior interest. He died at Renchen on the 11th of August 1676, where a monument was erected to him in 1779.


Grimmelshausen´s "Landstörtzerin Courasche" became an important inspiration for Bertolt Brecht´s play "Mutter Courage". Editions of Simplicissimus and the Simpliclanische Schriften have been published by A. von Keller (1854), Hermann Kurz (1863, 1864), J. Tittmann (1877) and F. Bobertag (1882). A reprint of the first edition of the novel was edited by R. Kügel for the series of Weudrucke des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts (1880). See the introductions to these editions; also F. Antoine, Etude sur le Simplicissimus de Grimmelshausen (1882) and E. Schmidt in his Charakteristiken, vol. i. (1886). This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Mother Courage (German Mutter Courage) is a character from a Grimmelshausen novel Lebensbeschreibung der Ertzbetrügerin und Landstörtzerin Courasche (The Runagate Courage) dating from around 1670. ... Hermann Kurz (November 30, 1813 - October 10, 1873), was a German poet and novelist. ...


External links

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Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
  • Projekt Gutenberg-DE author page for Hans von Grimmelshausen
    • Online Projekt Gutenberg-DE text of Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hans Jakob Christoffel Von Grimmelshausen - LoveToKnow 1911 (344 words)
At the age of ten he was kidnapped by Hessian soldiery, and in their midst tasted the adventures of military life in the Thirty Years' War.
At its close, Grimmelshausen entered the service of Franz Egon von Fiirstenberg, bishop of Strassburg and in 1665 was made Schultheiss (magistrate) at Renchen in Baden.
In the later parts Grimmelshausen, however, over-indulges in allegory, and finally loses himself in a Robinson Crusoe story.
Projekt Gutenberg-DE - Kultur - SPIEGEL ONLINE (233 words)
Grimmelshausen wurde um 1622 in Gelnhausen (Hessen) geboren.
Er schrieb mit seinem »Simplicissimus« den ersten deutschen Prosaroman von Weltgeltung.
Anklingend an den spanischen Schelmenroman schuf er in seinem Meisterwerk »Simplicissimus«, der aus unmittelbarem eigenen Erleben gespeist wird, einen faszinierend-abenteuerlichen, derb-drastischen und von hintergründigem Humor zeugenden Zeitroman.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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