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Encyclopedia > Hans Island

Hans Island (Greenlandic/Inuktitut: Tartupaluk; Danish: Hans Ø; French: Île Hans) is a small, uninhabited barren knoll measuring 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²), located at approximately 80°49′41″N, 66°27′35″W in the centre of the Kennedy Channel of Nares Strait—the strait that separates Ellesmere Island from northern Greenland and connects Baffin Bay with the Lincoln Sea. Hans Island is the smallest of three islands located in Kennedy Channel; the others are Franklin Island and Crozier Island. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Hans Island, 1st August 2003. ... Image File history File links Hans Island, 1st August 2003. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... HDMS Triton is a Ocean patrol vessel belonging to the Royal Danish Navy. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Kennedy Channel (Danish: Kennedy Kanalen) is an Arctic sea passage between Canadas Ellesmere Island and Northern Greenland. ... The Nares strait is a waterway between Canadas Ellesmere Island and Greenland which connects Baffin Bay to the Arctic Ocean. ... Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... Baffin Bay, lying between Nunavut, Canada and Greenland. ... Lincoln Sea, is a body of water in the Arctic Ocean. ... Franklin Island (Danish: Franklin Ø) is one of three islands located in Kennedy Channel of Nares Strait in the high Arctic, and is part of Greenland. ... Crozier Island (Danish: Crozier Ø) is one of three islands located in Kennedy Channel of Nares Strait in the high Arctic, and is part of Greenland. ...


The island is claimed by both Canada and Denmark. The dispute over Hans Island may turn into a test case on sovereignty claims in the Arctic (particularly regarding the contested Northwest Passage south of the island), a region that could become more important if climate change opens it up to more human activity. The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... Popular Northwest Passage routes through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago This article describes the route through the Canadian Arctic. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ...

Contents

The name

Satellite image of Nares Strait and, inset, Hans Island (encircled) surrounded by ice. Note that many of the icebergs dwarf the island.

The island is named after Hans Hendrik (sometimes called Heindrich), whose native name is Suersaq. Hendrik was a Greenlandic Arctic traveller and translator who worked on the American and British Arctic expeditions of Elisha Kent Kane, Charles Francis Hall, Isaac Israel Hayes and George Strong Nares, from 1853 to 1876. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1280, 487 KB) Summary Satellite images/inset of Nares Strait/Hans Island Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1280, 487 KB) Summary Satellite images/inset of Nares Strait/Hans Island Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Icebergs at Cape York, Greenland Iceberg at Cape York, Greenland Iceberg, Tèmpanos, Patagonia, Argentina. ... Hans Hendrik, native name Suersaq (c. ... Elisha Kent Kane Elisha Kent Kane (February 3, 1820 - February 16, 1857) was a U.S. scientist and explorer. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Isaac Israel Hayes (1832-1881) was an Arctic explorer and physician. ... Captain (later Admiral Sir) George Strong Nares. ...


The island was probably named somewhere between 1871 and 1873 during Charles Francis Hall's third North Pole expedition. The first written reference to the name, and indeed to the island at all, appears in Charles Henry Davis's book Narrative of the North Polar expedition (1876), which is a narrative of Hall's third North Pole expedition. On page 407 it suddenly appears, without any previous introduction, under the date August 13, 1872, "about noon, she was quite near Hans Island and west of it." (talking about the ship Polaris). A map accompanying the book is where the island made its first cartographic appearance. Admiral Charles Henry Davis (16 January 1807 – 18 February 1877) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Formerly known as the USS Periwinkle and the USS America, this wood-hulled, 387 ton, schooner screw tug first saw duty on Chesapeake Bay and the Rappahannock River with the U.S. Navy. ... Mapmaker redirects here. ...


The names of many places in this region have changed or altered during the last 100 years. For example, the name of Nares Strait (named after George Strong Nares), separating Ellesmere Island and Northern Greenland, was not agreed upon between the Danish and Canadian governments until 1964. Admiral Sir George Strong Nares, KCB, RN (24th April 1831-1915) was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer. ...


History and disputed sovereignty

Early history

Up to the early 19th century, the northern area of Greenland and Canada remained completely unexplored by Europeans, and thus there exists no information about this island before that time. Inuit living in Northern Greenland or Canada had likely crossed this area for centuries. For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...


From 1850 to 1880, the area in which Hans Island is situated was explored by American and British expeditions. These expeditions were a response partly due to the popular search for the missing British explorer John Franklin, and partly to search for the elusive Northwest Passage and/or reach the North Pole. For the American historian, see John Hope Franklin. ... Popular Northwest Passage routes through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago This article describes the route through the Canadian Arctic. ... For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ...


The Danish "Celebration Expedition" of 1920 to 1923 accurately mapped the whole region of the Northern Greenland coast from Cape York (Kap York) to Denmark Sound (Danmark fjord). Cape York was the one of many places visited in 1894 by Admiral Robert Peary during his second expedition to the Arctic. ... Denmark Sound is a body of water in the high Arctic off Greenland. ...


In 1933, the Permanent Court of International Justice declared the legal status of Greenland in favour of Denmark. The status of Hans Island was not addressed. However, decades later, Denmark would claim that geological evidence pointed to Hans Island being part of Greenland, and therefore that it belongs to Denmark by extension of the Court's ruling. The Permanent Court of International Justice, sometimes called World Court, was the international court of the League of Nations established in 1922. ...


Since the 1960s, numerous surveys have been undertaken in the Nares Strait region, including seismic, ice flow, mapping, archeological and economic surveys. Canadian-based Dome Petroleum Ltd. made surveys on and around Hans Island in 1980 to 1983, to investigate the movement of ice masses. Dome is a Calgary-based petroleum producer and one of few Canadian owned companies in the Alberta oilfields. ...


1972-3 border treaty

Map of part of Kennedy Channel, with the disputed Island.

In 1972, a team consisting of personnel from the Canadian Hydrographic Service and Danish personnel, working in the Nares Strait determined the geographic coordinates for Hans Island. During negotiations between Canada and Denmark on Northern maritime boundaries in 1973, Canada claimed that Hans Island was part of its territory. No agreement was reached between the two governments on the issue. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1765x1249, 192 KB)Nares Strait (Kennedy Channel) border (approx. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1765x1249, 192 KB)Nares Strait (Kennedy Channel) border (approx. ... Kennedy Channel (Danish: Kennedy Kanalen) is an Arctic sea passage between Canadas Ellesmere Island and Northern Greenland. ... Canadian Hydrographic Service logo or crest The Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) is Canadas hydrographic office, with responsibility for performing hydrographic surveys and publishing paper and electronic nautical charts. ...


The border is established in the delimitation treaty about the Continental Shelf between Greenland and Canada, ratified by the United Nations on December 17, 1973, and in force since March 13, 1974. At that time, it was the longest shelf boundary treaty ever negotiated and may have been the first ever continental shelf boundary developed by a computer program.  Sediment  Rock  Mantle  The global continental shelf, highlighted in cyan The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... A computer program is a collection of instructions that describe a task, or set of tasks, to be carried out by a computer. ...

The Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Government of Canada, Having decided to establish in the area between Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Islands a dividing line beyond which neither Party exercising its rights under the Convention on the Continental Shelf of April/29/1958 will extend its sovereign rights for the purpose of exploration and exploitation of the natural resources of the continental shelf...

The treaty list 127 points (latitude and longitude) from Davis Strait to the end of Robeson Channel, where Nares Strait runs into Lincoln Sea, to draw geodesic lines between, to form the border. The treaty does not, however, draw a line from point 122 (80° 49' 2 - 66° 29' 0) to point 123 (80° 49' 8 - 66° 26' 3), a distance of 875 metres (0.54 mi). Hans Island is situated in the centre of this area. Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Map of Baffin Island and surrounding areas, including Davis Strait. ... Robeson Channel is a body of water connecting Kennedy Channel in south with the Arctic Ocean to the north. ... Lincoln Sea, is a body of water in the Arctic Ocean. ... In mathematics, a geodesic is a generalization of the notion of a straight line to curved spaces. In presence of a metric, geodesics are defined to be (locally) the shortest path between points on the space. ...


1980s joint administration

Close-up map of Nares Strait; Hans is the northernmost of the three islands visible in the strait.

In 1984 Kenn Harper, a historian from Iqaluit, Nunavut, wrote an article about Hans Island, which was published in the local newspaper Hainang,[1] in Qaanaaq (Thule) in north-western Greenland. This article was picked up by a Danish newspaper in Copenhagen, and by CBC Radio in Canada, which gave Hans Island its first fleeting publicity.[citation needed] Image File history File links Map of the Nares Strait (Kennedy Channel). ... Image File history File links Map of the Nares Strait (Kennedy Channel). ... Kenn Harper is a Canadian historian, teacher, development officer, linguist, and businessman. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location Land area 52. ... Map of Greenland Qaanaaq (roughly pronounced KAH-nahk), formerly Thule, is a town and municipality in northwestern Greenland. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... CBC Radio is the English language radio division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...


This article was sparked because of a chance encounter on the ice near Resolute, Nunavut, in the Canadian Arctic in the fall of 1983. According to Kenn Harper he met a man wearing a hat with bold letters around the side of the hat, saying "HANS ISLAND, N.W.T.". This man was a scientist with Dome Petroleum who had just spent the summer on the island doing ice research. Dome Petroleum did research on and around the island in the years 1980 to 1983. Resolute (Qausuittuq) is a small town on Cornwallis Island in Nunavut, Canada, along the shore of Resolute Bay and the Northwest Passage. ... Dome is a Calgary-based petroleum producer and one of few Canadian owned companies in the Alberta oilfields. ...


Oil companies build artificial islands in the sea on which to position their drilling rigs. Hans Island was apparently the perfect setting to test such artificial islands' strength to withstand the force of being hit by large floes of multi-year ice.[citation needed]


Simultaneously the Danish and Canadian governments were in the process of signing a cooperation agreement in relation to the Marine Environment in Nares Strait. The agreement was signed and put into force on August 26, 1983. (The treaty was extended even further in 1991.) August 26 is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

The Agreement aims at developing further bilateral cooperation in respect of the protection of the marine environment of the waters lying between Canada and Greenland and of its living resourses, particularly with respect to preparedness measures as a contingency against pollution incidents resulting from offshore hydrocarbon exploration or exploitation (Annex A) and from shipping activities (Annex B) that may affect the marine environment of these waters.

One of the items also discussed was the possibility of establishing a reciprocal arrangement for processing applications to conduct research on and around Hans Island. This was never signed, however Canadian John Munro, at that time minister for Northern Affairs and Development and Danish Tom Høyem, at that time Minister for Greenland, agreed, in common interest, to avoiding acts that might prejudice future negotiations. The Honourable John Carr Munro, PC , BA , LL.B (March 16, 1931 - August 19, 2003) was a Canadian politician. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (French: Ministre des Affaires indiennes et du Nord canadien) heads two different departments. ... Tom Høyem (b. ... Minister of Greenland (Danish: Minister for Grønland) was a cabinet post for affairs with the Danish arctic territory. ...


However unknown to the politicians Dome Petroleum was already doing research on the island. According to Kenn Harper, the Canadian Department of External Affairs conducting these negotiations with the Danes might not even have been aware that Dome Petroleum was already doing research on the Island. Kenn Harper claims that in 1984, a senior official of Energy Mines and Resources, Canada, wrote him saying: "To my knowledge the Department of Energy, Mines & Resources did not confer with the Department of External Affairs over the use of the island by Dome Petroleum." The Department of Foreign Affairs, also referred to as Foreign Affairs Canada (FAC), is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy. ...


When Kenn Harper’s article of 1984, mentioning Dome Petroleum and Hans Island, found its way to the Danish newspapers, it is not difficult to see why Tom Høyem in 1984 chartered a helicopter from Greenland and went to Hans Island. It might indeed have been something so simple as a misunderstanding and breach in communications.[citation needed]


It is said that Tom Høyem planted the Danish flag on the Island and left a little message saying "Velkommen til den danske ø" (English: Welcome to the Danish Island). It is also said he left a bottle of cognac.[citation needed] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


2004-present

The dispute suddenly came to popular attention through Canadian press stories during late March 2004. Within days, it spread to other newspapers worldwide. Shortly after Internet newsgroups, weblogs and forums began to start new threads and entries on the subject. Satirical headlines like "Canada being invaded" and "Denmark massing troops on Canadian territory" were typical. 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in...


The issue came to light on March 25, 2004, when Adrian Humphreys of the Canadian National Post newspaper wrote an article entitled, "Five-year plan to 'put footprints in the snow' and assert northern sovereignty". Humphreys made a brief mention of the dispute over Hans Island, and that the Danes had sent warships to the island. is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Post is a major Canadian English-language national newspaper based in Don Mills, Ontario, a district of Toronto. ...


While Canada wanted to assert sovereignty of its northern territories for a variety of reasons unrelated to this dispute, Hans Island soon became the focus of the debate, and was presented as the main reason for this new Canadian policy.[citation needed]


The Arctic sea region has long been a subject of dispute. In this matter, Canada, Denmark, Russia and Norway all share a common interest because they regard parts of the Arctic seas as "national waters". The United States and most European Union countries, on the other hand, officially regard the region as international waters. The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands [1]. Oceans and seas, waters...

Hans Island, 3 May 2004, by Kelly Falkner, Canadian Archipelago Throughflow Study.

Further items in the Canadian media led to the issue being picked up by international news organizations.[citation needed] Image File history File links Hans Island, 3rd May 2004, by Kelly Falkner, Canadian Archipelago Throughflow Study. ... Image File history File links Hans Island, 3rd May 2004, by Kelly Falkner, Canadian Archipelago Throughflow Study. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Canadian federal government's 2004 budget was introduced on March 23, 2004, two days before the issue gained widespread attention. It proposed minimal increases to spending on national defence. The issue of Hans Island was raised in the Canadian Parliament by opposition foreign affairs critic Stockwell Day to highlight the government's failure to provide more funding for the military. The Canadian federal budget of 2004 was a budget for the Government of Canada. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parliament of Canada (in French: le Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... Stockwell Burt Day Jr. ...


A new article by Adrian Humphreys on March 30, 2004, also in the National Post, entitled, "Danes summon envoy over Arctic fight — the solution of the dispute is not going to be military'", drew even more attention to the issue. The article claimed that Brian Herman, Canada’s only diplomat in Denmark (ambassador Alfonso Gagliano having been recently recalled as a result of an unrelated Canadian scandal), was called before the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to comment about his country's intentions in the dispute, which had, according to the article, recently been inflamed by Danish sailors occupying Hans Island. March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alfonso Gagliano The Dishonourable Alfonso Gagliano, PC (born January 25, 1942) is a Canadian accountant and Liberal Party politician. ... The sponsorship scandal, AdScam, or Sponsorgate, is an ongoing scandal that came as a result of a Canadian federal government sponsorship program in the province of Quebec and involving the Liberal Party of Canada (mostly its Quebec branch), which was in power since 1993 up to January 2006. ... Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark (Danish:Udenrigsministeriet) handles Denmarks foreign affairs. ...


On March 31, 2004, the Danish and Canadian governments denied that Herman or any other Canadian official was summoned to the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Both governments stated that the dispute was a long-standing issue, and that nothing had changed in the matter. March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The last time Danish seamen visited the island had been on August 1, 2003, but this information was not brought to the public's attention during the discussion. Comments posted on internet newsgroups and forums suggested that Danish seamen had just landed on the Island, despite the fact that this had occurred seven months before. is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A Canadian military exercise, named "Narwhal 04", inflamed the issue further. Some saw this as a response to the Danish flag planting. However this exercise had been in the planning stage since September 2003, and it took place around Pangnirtung, Baffin Island, 2000 km south of Hans Island. The Canadian military denied that the exercise had anything to do with the Danish-Canadian territorial dispute. The exercise took place on August 9 to August 30, 2004, involving about 160 soldiers from the army, various aircraft, helicopters and one frigate, HMCS Montréal. About 600 Canadian Forces personnel were involved in total. 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for September, 2003. ... Pangnirtung (or Pang, also Pangniqtuuq, in syllabics: ᐸᖕᓂᖅᑑᖅ) is a town in the Canadian territory of Nunavut (formerly in the Northwest Territories). ... Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The HMCS Montreal (FFH 336) is the seventh of the Halifax-class line of frigates. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada. ...


In March, 2005, the Conservative Party of Canada became the first political party in the country to advocate the need for Canada to establish its sovereignty over the Arctic, after party delegates voted almost unanimously in favour of a motion on the topic, following an impassioned speech from a youth delegate that cited the Danish encroachment on Hans Island as "constituted nothing short of an invasion of Canada". The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ...


A new development came to light after Canadian Defence Minister Bill Graham visited the island on July 20, 2005. Peter Taksø-Jensen, the head of the International Law department at Denmark's foreign ministry, said the following in an interview with Reuters on July 25 in response to the event: Hon. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A foreign minister is a cabinet minister that helps to form foreign policy for sovereign nations. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pron. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

We consider Hans Island to be part of Danish territory and will therefore hand over a complaint about the Canadian minister's unannounced visit.[2]

Peter Taksø-Jensen, Danish Foreign Office

This is the first time a Danish government official has claimed the island is solely Danish territory and is not in dispute. The Danish government has also said that it plans to return to Hans Island in the near future to re-erect its flag. A reaction from the Canadian government is to be expected.


On August 18, 2005, Canadian frigate HMCS Fredericton left Halifax for an Arctic cruise.[3] Canadian officials said the month-long patrol was unrelated to the Hans Island dispute. The Kingston class patrol vessels HMCS Glace Bay and HMCS Shawinigan are also scheduled to patrol the Arctic this year.[4] is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The HMCS Fredericton (FFH 337) is the eighth of the Halifax-class line of frigates. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: (former city) 79. ... The Kingston-class consists of 12 naval patrol vessels of Canadian Forces Maritime Command constructed under the Maritime Coastal Defense Vessel (MCDV) project. ... Built in Halifax in 1995 and Commissioned in the fall of 1996, HMCS Glace Bay (MM 701) is named after the town of Glace Bay located in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. ... HMCS Shawinigan is a Canadian Kingston-class maritime coastal defence vessel. ...


July 2007: The Canadian authorities admit that the island is not solely Canadian, but claim the international border lies roughly in the middle of the island.[5]


Google fight

"Google fight" or "Google war" is the name given to a number of advertisements on the internet search engine Google which promoted either Danish or Canadian sovereignty over Hans Island. Google Inc. ...


According to an article in the Ottawa Citizen on July 27, 2005, Toronto resident Rick Broadhead saw an ad on Google stating "Hans Island is Greenland. Greenland natives have used the island for centuries" and which linked to a Danish foreign affairs webpage that stated that Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs had sent a note to Canada's ambassador to Denmark on July 25, 2005 expressing Denmark's regret that "the Canadian Minister of National Defence had paid a visit to Hans Island without prior notification of the Danish Government."[6] Poul Erik Dam Kristensen, Denmark's ambassador to Canada, told the press that the paid advertisement was not a Danish government initiative and whoever placed it was acting alone. is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


According to the article, this prompted Broadhead to put up his own ad on Google which linked to his own site,[7] which promoted the Canadian claim to the island, on July 26. is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Neither ad has been reported to have been seen on Google since July 29, 2005. July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Timeline

Canadian Forces Northern Area troops raise a Canadian flag on Hans Island on 13 July 2005
Danish flag raising on Hans Island, 13 August 2002, HDMS Vædderen
  • 1980-1983 - Canadian firm Dome Petroleum did research on and around the island.
  • 1984 - Tom Høyem, Danish Minister for Greenland, chartered a helicopter to the Island.
  • 1988 - The Danish Arctic Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq arrived at the island, built a cairn and placed a flagpole and Danish flag on the island.
  • 1995 - The Danish liaison officer and crew working at Thule Air Base flew in and placed another flagpole and flag.
  • Late August 1997 - The Danish Arctic/Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Agpa tried to reach the island, but was forced to turn around 241 km from the Island, owing to extreme ice.
  • 2001 - Keith Dewing and Chris Harrison, geologists with the Geological Survey of Canada who were mapping northern Ellesmere Island, flew by helicopter to the island.
  • August 13, 2002 - The Danish inspection ship HDMS Vædderen arrived and erected a new cairn, flagpole and flag, finding the 1988 flag missing and the 1995 flag in pieces, likely owing to weather.
  • August 1, 2003 - The crew of the Danish frigate HDMS Triton landed on the island and replaced the Danish flag again.
  • July 13, 2005 - Canadian soldiers land on the Island, placing a traditional Inuit stone marker (Inukshuk) with a plaque and a Canadian flag.
  • July 20, 2005 - As a symbolic move, Canadian Defence Minister Bill Graham set foot on the island.[8]
  • July 25, 2005 - A Danish government official announced that Denmark would issue a letter of protest to Canada.
  • July 26, 2005 - Deputy premier of Greenland, Josef Motzfeldt, stated that the island had been occupied by Canada, stating that experts should determine which country the island belongs to.[9][10]
  • July 28, 2005 - The Danish Ambassador to Canada published an article in the Ottawa Citizen newspaper regarding the Danish view on the Hans Island issue.[11]
  • August 4, 2005 - The Danish Arctic/Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq was sent from Naval Station Grønnedal to Hans Island to assert Danish sovereignty. The cutter was expected to arrive in three weeks' time.[12]
  • August 8, 2005 - Danish newspapers reported that Canada wished to open negotiations regarding the future of Hans Island. The news was welcomed by Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen who stated that "It is time to stop the flag war. It has no place in a modern, international world. Countries like Denmark and Canada must be able to find a peaceful solution in a case such as this."[13]
  • August 16, 2005 - According to Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller, Denmark and Canada agreed to reopen negotiations regarding the future of Hans Island. Denmark would immediately begin geological surveys in the area, and Per Stig Møller would meet his Canadian counterpart Pierre Pettigrew in New York in the middle of September. Should they fail to reach an agreement, both governments have agreed to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice in the Hague. The government of Greenland agreed to this course of action. Regarding the Danish patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq then en route to Hans Island, the minister stated "I have instructed the ship to sail there, but they will not go ashore tearing down [the Canadian] flag and replacing it with a new one. It would be a somewhat childish [behaviour] between two NATO allies."[14]
  • August 20, 2005 - Canada's Foreign Affairs Minister, Pierre Pettigrew, stated that Canada's claim to the island had a firm basis in international law and would likely not end up before a world court. "Our sovereignty over the island has a very strong foundation," the minister said in a telephone interview with a Canadian Press journalist.[15]
  • September 19, 2005 - According to Canada's Foreign Affairs Minister, Pierre Pettigrew, Canada and Denmark have agreed on a process to resolve the dispute over the island. Pettigrew and his Danish counterpart, Per Stig Møller, met in New York on this day. Pettigrew said the two countries would work together "to put this issue behind us." However Pettigrew reiterated that Canada has sovereignty over the island.[16]
  • August 16, 2006 - A Vancouver geologist has received a prospecting permit for Hans Island from the Canadian government.[17]
  • March 17, 2007 - Scientists from the University of Toronto and the Technical University of Denmark announced plans to install an automated weather station on the island, some time in the summer of 2007.[18]
  • July, 2007 - Canada revise satellitephotos and change their claim to only concern half of the island.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (890x769, 119 KB)Danish flag rising on Hans Island, 13th August 2002. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (890x769, 119 KB)Danish flag rising on Hans Island, 13th August 2002. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Vædderen at Amaliekaj before the Galathea 3 scientific expedition HDMS (Her Danish Majesty´s Ship) Vædderen is an Offshore patrol vessel belonging to the Royal Danish Navy. ... 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The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Minister of National Defence (French: Ministre de la Défense nationale) is the Canadian politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the Department of National Defence which oversees the Canadian Forces. ... Hon. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Per Stig Møller Per Stig Møller (born August 27, 1942 in Frederiksberg) is the current Foreign Minister, as of 2005. ... Pierre Stewart Pettigrew, PC, (born in Quebec City on April 18, 1951) is a Canadian politician. ... NY redirects here. ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ... 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Significance of border dispute

The dispute over Hans Island may turn into a test case on sovereignty claims along the entire Northwest Passage and Arctic Sea.[citation needed] While Hans Island has little to no actual value, as a landmass, the waters associated with the island may have value to both countries.[citation needed] Because of its location in the centre of Kennedy Channel, it could play a key role in determining control of the passage through Nares Strait.[citation needed] Popular Northwest Passage routes through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago This article describes the route through the Canadian Arctic. ... The Arctic Ocean, located entirely in the north polar region, is the smallest of the worlds five oceans (after the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and Southern Ocean), and the shallowest. ...


The Canadian Navy has used the dispute over Hans Island as an argument for investment in all-weather, ice-strengthened war ships, which Canada lacks.[citation needed] Denmark, on the other hand, has a tradition of operating ice-strengthened patrol frigates in the Arctic.[citation needed]


More important is that a decision over Hans Island might create legal precedent for Canada, which also has marine sovereignty conflicts in the Arctic with the U.S. and Russia.[citation needed]


Satire

The apparent insignificance of the island in relation to the media storm surrounding it has led to the appearance of at least a couple of web sites hoping to make satirical hay of the situation. The so-called Hans Island Liberation Front[19] seeks to free the two lonely inhabitants from either Danish or Canadian domination. Radio Free Hans Island[20] documents an apocryphal radio station said to be broadcasting from the chilly north. Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which principally ridicules its subject (individuals, organizations, states) often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ...


On July 27, 2006 the Swedish radio show Morgonpasset of Sveriges Radio's channel P3 made a series of prank calls to the Danish and Canadian foreign ministries regarding the dispute.[21] The Danish foreign minister was reached by Måns Nilsson, one of the radio show hosts, who announced that Sweden was also making a claim to the island and that a bottle of banana liqueur had been buried on the island and that a statue of famous Swedish TV-personality Lennart Hyland was to be erected over the spot. A call was also made to the Canadian Foreign Ministry, where Nilsson with a fake Danish accent claimed to be "the Danish foreign minister" and a request was made to pass on a message to the Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs to cease the conflict and share the island equally with Denmark. is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Sveriges Radio (SR) - Swedish Radio Ltd - is Swedens national publicly-funded radio broadcaster. ... A prank call, also known as a crank call or hoax call, is a form of practical joke committed over the telephone. ... The Department of Foreign Affairs, also referred to as Foreign Affairs Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bottles of strawberry liqueur A liqueur is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavoured with fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream. ... Lennart Hyland (September 15, 1919 - March 15, 1993), Swedish TV-show host and journalist and one of the most popular and renowned TV personalities in the history of Swedish television. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, the Minister of Foreign Affairs is responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations department, Foreign Affairs Canada. ...


Also, a play was staged, in French, in the Canadian province of Quebec in 2006, centered around the island, entitled Hans Island Forever.


See also

This is an incomplete list of islands of Canada. ... This is an incomplete list of islands of Denmark. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Hainang newspaper, Qaanaaq - according to "Newspapers on microfilm", 24th edition, 2004, Statsbiblioteket, Denmark – existed 1964-1982, so it might have been named different in 1984, or it might be a different newspaper altogether.
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4715245.stm
  3. ^ http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1124378985606_119788185/?hub=TopStories
  4. ^ http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1124451989435_49/?hub=Canada
  5. ^ "Map casts doubt over Hans Island", TheStar, July 26, 2007. 
  6. ^ http://www.um.dk/en/servicemenu/News/FrontPageNews/HansIslandDanishNoteToCanadianAmbassador.htm
  7. ^ http://www.rickbroadhead.com/hans.htm
  8. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20050723.hans23/BNStory/National/
  9. ^ http://ekstrabladet.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=303659
  10. ^ http://www.sikunews.com/art.html?artid=348&catid=6
  11. ^ http://www.ambottawa.um.dk/en/menu/PressAndCulture/News/ArticleabouttheHansIslandissue.htm
  12. ^ http://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/article.jhtml?articleID=267507
  13. ^ http://www.jp.dk/indland/artikel:aid=3191024/
  14. ^ http://www.bt.dk/nyheder/artikel:aid=381220/
  15. ^ http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1124451989435_49/?hub=Canada
  16. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/story/world/national/2005/09/19/hans-island-20050919.html
  17. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/canada/north/story/2006/08/16/hans-island-prospect.html
  18. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20070315.whans0315/BNStory/National/home
  19. ^ http://www.hansislandliberationfront.com/
  20. ^ http://www.radiofreehansisland.com
  21. ^ http://sr.se/cgi-bin/p3/programsidor/index.asp?ProgramID=2315

External links

  • Hans Island: A border dispute between Denmark and Canada - Background, maps, timeline about the Hans Island dispute.
  • NPR's Morning Edition, Friday, Aug. 12, 2005 - Summary of the dispute.
  • Newsletter No.3 HDMS Triton - about the 1 August 2003 landing on the island.
  • CASR - article on the dispute by the Canadian American Strategic Review.
  • Caryophyllaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  • Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  • Canadian Archipelago Throughflow Study
  • Crisis in the Arctic!
  • Canadian perspective, March 29, 2004 (updated)
  • The Globe and Mail: Denmark won't provoke 'flag war' over Hans Island
  • Principality of Tartupaluk A student claiming the island.

Sources

  • United Nations: Delimitation Treaties. Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Government of Canada relating to the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf between Greenland and Canada, 17th December 1973,
  • U.S. Department of State: Bureau of Intelligence and Research Limits in the Seas No. 72 Continental shelf Boundary: Canada – Greenland, Issued by the Geographer, 4th August 1976.
  • Hans Island rightfully belongs to Greenland, Denmark - Kenn Harper, Article, Nunatsiaq News, April 9, 2004.
  • Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Kingdom of Denmark for Cooperation relating to the Marine Environment, August 26, 1983.
  • Narrative of the North Polar expedition : U.S Ship Polaris, Captain Charles Francis Hall commanding, edited under the direction of G.M. Robeson by C.H. Davis. Washington, G.P.O., 1876.

Coordinates: 80°49′32.23″N, 66°27′1.75″W The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... Kenn Harper is a Canadian historian, teacher, development officer, linguist, and businessman. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hans Island at AllExperts (3454 words)
Hans Island (Greenlandic/Inuktitut: Tartupaluk, Danish: Hans Ø, French: Île Hans) is a small uninhabited barren knoll measuring 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²), located at approximately in the centre of the Kennedy Channel of Nares Straitâ€"the strait that separates Ellesmere Island from northern Greenland and connects Baffin Bay with the Lincoln Sea.
Hans Island is the smallest of three islands located in Kennedy Channel; the others are Franklin Island and Crozier Island.
Hans Island was apparently the perfect setting to test such artificial islands strength to withstand the force of being hit by large floes of multi-year ice.
Hans Island: Resources (1127 words)
This is Hans Island, two square kilometers of rock situated at 80° 49' N and 66° 26' W, smack-dab in the middle of Kennedy Channel, mid-way between Ellesmere Island and Greenland.
Embroidered in bold letters on his knitted Inuit-style hat was the name HANS ISLAND, N.W.T. I asked him about his sartorial claim to an island that I regarded as part of Greenland and was surprised to learn that he had just spent the summer on the island doing ice research.
Hans Island was a surrogate for an artificial island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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