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Encyclopedia > Hans Holbein the Younger
A 1543 portrait miniature of Hans Holbein the Younger by Lucas Horenbout
The Ambassadors by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1533, oil on wood, 207 x 209.5 cm, National Gallery, London

Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1497– before November 29, 1543) was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known for his numerous portraits and his woodcut series of the Dance of Death, and is widely considered one of the finest portraitists of the Early Modern Period. Image File history File links HolbeindJ.jpg Description: colored self portrait by Hans Holbein der Jüngere Source: originally uploaded to en. ... Image File history File links HolbeindJ.jpg Description: colored self portrait by Hans Holbein der Jüngere Source: originally uploaded to en. ... Some links to this page should perhaps link to miniature (illuminated manuscript). ... Portrait miniature of Henry VIII , 1525-26, by Lucas Horenbout, from a charter in the Fitzwilliam Museum; one of the earliest, if not the earliest, surviving portrait miniature.[1] Lucas Horenbout, often called Hornebolte in England, (Ghent c. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (746x747, 113 KB)The Ambassadors. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (746x747, 113 KB)The Ambassadors. ... The Ambassadors (1533) is a painting by Hans Holbein the Younger in the National Gallery, London. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... Printmaking is a process for producing a work of art in ink; the work (called a print) is created indirectly, through the transfer of ink from the surface upon which the work was originally drawn or otherwise composed. ... The Northern Renaissance is the term used to describe the Renaissance in northern Europe, or more broadly in Europe outside Italy. ... For other uses, see Portrait (disambiguation). ... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... The Dance of Death (1493) by Michael Wolgemut, from the Liber chronicarum by Hartmann Schedel. ... The early modern period is a term initially used by historians to refer mainly to the post Late Middle Ages period in Western Europe (Early modern Europe), its first colonies marked by the rise of strong centralized governments and the beginnings of recognizable nation states that are the direct antecedents...

Contents

Early life and career

Holbein was born in Augsburg,[1] and learned painting from his father Hans Holbein the Elder. In 1515 he and his brother Ambrosius Holbein went to Basel, where they received a basic education. During this period, Holbein drew a famous series of pen and ink illustrations in the margins of a book owned by his schoolmaster, The Praise of Folly, by the Dutch humanist Erasmus.[2] Holbein was introduced to Erasmus, and later painted three portraits of him. For other meanings for Augsburg: See Augsburg (disambiguation) , Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Self portrait Hans Holbein (c. ... Ambrosius Holbein (c. ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... Hans Holbeins witty marginal drawing of Folly (1515), in the first edition, a copy owned by Erasmus himself (Kupferstichkabinett, Basle) The Praise of Folly (Greek title: Morias Enkomion (Μωρίας Εγκώμιον), Latin: Stultitiae Laus, sometimes translated as In Praise of Folly, Dutch title: Lof der Zotheid) is an essay written in 1509... For the specific belief system, see Humanism (life stance). ... Erasmus redirects here. ...


In 1517 Holbein went to Lucerne, where he and his father painted murals for the mansion of the city's mayor; he was also charged with taking part in a knife fight.[3] In 1519 he returned to Basel where he ran a busy workshop following the premature death of Ambrosius. He designed murals and altarpieces, illustrated books, and contributed to Martin Luther's translation of the Bible. Like his father, he designed stained glass windows and painted portraits. He married Elsbeth Binzenstock, the widow of a tanner, shortly before he was accepted into the local artists' guild. For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... The Annunciation Triptych is an altarpiece, ca. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ...


Holbein in England

The Reformation made it difficult for Holbein to support himself as an artist in Basel, Switzerland, and he traveled to London in 1526. Erasmus furnished him with a letter of introduction addressed to the English statesman and author Sir Thomas More. Holbein painted many portraits at the court of Henry VIII. While there he designed state robes for the king. He also designed many of the extravagant monuments and decorations for the coronation of Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn, in the summer of 1533. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the Elizabethan play, see Sir Thomas More (play). ... A royal or noble court, as an instrument of government broader than a court of justice, comprises an extended household centered on a patron whose rule may govern law or be governed by it. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ... A dragon robe from Qing Dynasty of China A robe is a loose-fitting outer garment. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ... A asses is a ceremony marking the investment of a monarch with regal power through, amongst other symbolic acts, the placement of a crown upon his or her head. ... Anne Boleyn, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke (1501/1507–19 May 1536) was a Queen Consort of England, the second wife of King Henry VIII and the mother of Queen Elizabeth I. Henrys marriage to Anne, and her subsequent execution, made her a key player in the political and religious...


Several extant drawings said to be of Anne Boleyn are attributed to Holbein. One portrays a woman with rather plump features dressed in a plain nightgown and coif. Some have said that this shows the queen during pregnancy, sometime between 1533 and 1535, but recent research shows that the subject is most likely one of Anne's ladies-in-waiting, possibly Lady Margaret Lee or her sister, Anne Wyatt. It seems more likely that the finished portrait Holbein painted of Anne Boleyn was destroyed after she was beheaded on May 19, 1536 on false charges of treason, adultery, incest and witchcraft. A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ... Lady in Waiting is an album by American southern rock band The Outlaws, released in 1976. ... Margaret Lee (nee Wyatt) (1506(?)–1543(?)) was a sister of poet Thomas Wyatt, and favourite of Queen Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII of England. ... Beheading. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Treason (disambiguation) or Traitor (disambiguation). ... This article is about the act of adultery. ... Incest is defined as sexual relations between closely related persons (often within the immediate family) such that it is either illegal or socially taboo. ... Witch redirects here. ...


Holbein painted Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour. He also painted Jane's sister, Elizabeth Seymour, who married the son of Thomas Cromwell. This portrait was incorrectly identified as Henry's fifth wife, Queen Catherine Howard, when it was discovered in the Victorian era. After Seymour's death Holbein painted Christina of Denmark during negotiations for her prospective marriage to Henry VIII. The likeness met with Henry's approval, but Christina declined the offer of matrimony, citing a desire to retain her head. For the actress, see Jane Seymour (actress). ... Elizabeth Seymour (?1513 - 1563) was one of the many children and the second daughter of Sir John Seymour, her sisters being Jane, Margery (who died in 1520) and Dorothy. ... Thomas Cromwell: detail from a portrait by Hans Holbein, 1532-3 Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex ( 1485 - July 28, 1540) was an English statesman, one of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England. ... Cathrine Howard (between 1520 and 1525 – 13 February 1542), also called Katherine Howard[1] was the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (1540-1542), and sometimes known by his reference to her as the rose without a thorn. Her birth date and place of birth is unknown, (occasionally cited... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Christina of Denmark Christina of Denmark (1522-90), was firstly Duchess-consort of Milan and then Duchess-consort of Lorraine. ...

Portrait of Sir Thomas More by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1527, oil on wood, 74.2 x 59 cm, The Frick Collection, New York.

Holbein also painted Anne of Cleves for Henry VIII. Henry criticized the portrait as having been too flattering; it seems likely that Henry was more impressed by extravagant praise for Anne than with Holbein's portrait. There is some debate over whether or not a portrait miniature of a young woman in a gold dress and jewels is in fact Holbein's painting of Henry's fifth wife, Catherine Howard. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2548, 376 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Thomas More Lord Mayor of London Hans Holbein the Younger Mortification of the flesh Lord Chancellor Frick Collection... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2548, 376 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Thomas More Lord Mayor of London Hans Holbein the Younger Mortification of the flesh Lord Chancellor Frick Collection... Frick Collection Holbeins portrait of Thomas More is one of the highlights of the Frick Collection. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Anne of Cleves (22 September 1515 – 16 July 1557) was the fourth wife of Henry VIII of England from 6 January 1540 to 9 July 1540. ... Some links to this page should perhaps link to miniature (illuminated manuscript). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For the Korean music group, see Jewelry (group). ...


Later years

In his later years Holbein worked in both Basel and London. On one of his stays in London he painted German merchant Georg Giese, brother of Tiedemann Giese, at the Hanseatic League outpost in London, called the Steelyard (Stalhof). Tiedemann Giese (June 1, 1480 - October 23, 1550) of the Patrician family Giese from Gdańsk became bishop of Chełmno, then bishop of Warmia. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The Steelyard, from the German Stalhof, was in the Middle Ages the main trading base of the Hanseatic League in London. ...


While Holbein was working on another portrait of Henry, he died in London, apparently a victim of the plague.[4] He made his will on October 7, 1543, and a document attached to it, dated November 29th, describes him as recently dead.[5] Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. ...


Portrait techniques

"The Abbot being taken by Death", woodcut by Holbein from the cycle The Dance of Death, 1524-26.

Holbein always made highly detailed pencil drawings of his portrait subjects, often supplemented with ink and colored chalk. The drawings emphasize facial detail and usually did not include the hands; clothing was only indicated schematically. The outlines of these drawings were then transferred onto the support for the final painting using tiny holes in the paper through which powdered charcoal was transmitted; in later years Holbein used a kind of carbon paper. The final paintings thus had the same scale as the original drawings. Although the drawings were made as studies for paintings, they stand on their own as independent, finely wrought works of art. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Dance of Death (1493) by Michael Wolgemut, from the Liber chronicarum by Hartmann Schedel. ... This article is about the handwriting instrument. ... For scale drawings or plans, see Plans (drawings). ... For other uses, see Ink (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chalk (disambiguation). ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ... A sheet of carbon paper, coating side down. ... A variable scale for measuring maps The scale of a map is the ratio of a single unit of distance on the map to the equivalent distance on the ground. ... Leonardo da Vincis study of embryos, c. ...


He painted a few, superb, portrait miniatures, having been taught the art by Lucas Horenbout, a Flemish illuminator who was also a court artist of Henry.[6] Horenbout painted Holbein in perhaps his best miniature, and the best portrait we have of Holbein, who never made a self-portrait (illustration). Some links to this page should perhaps link to miniature (illuminated manuscript). ... Portrait miniature of Henry VIII , 1525-26, by Lucas Horenbout, from a charter in the Fitzwilliam Museum; one of the earliest, if not the earliest, surviving portrait miniature.[1] Lucas Horenbout, often called Hornebolte in England, (Ghent c. ... Self Portrait is a 1970 double album by Bob Dylan. ...


David Hockney has speculated in the Hockney-Falco thesis that Holbein used a concave mirror to project an image of the subject onto the drawing surface. The image was then traced. However this thesis has not met with general acceptance from art historians. We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ... A diagram of the camera obscura from 1772. ...


A subtle ability to render character may be noted in Holbein's work, as can be seen in his portraits of Thomas Cromwell, Desiderius Erasmus, and Henry VIII. The end results are convincing as definitive images of the subjects' appearance and personality. Thomas Cromwell: detail from a portrait by Hans Holbein, 1532-3 Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex ( 1485 - July 28, 1540) was an English statesman, one of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England. ... Erasmus redirects here. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ...


See also

Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Wife by Jan van Eyck (1434). ... The Rainbow Portrait, an image of Elizabeth I as the Queen of Love and Beauty by an unknown artist c. ... A partial list of artists active in Britain, arranged chronologically (but alphabetically within any year). ... Andrea Pozzos painted ceiling in the Church of St. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Biography at Kunstmuseum
  2. ^ Wolf, 2004, p. 22
  3. ^ Wolf, 2004, p. 93
  4. ^ Wolf, 2004, p. 91
  5. ^ Michael Levey, The German School; National Gallery Catalogues, 1959, National Gallery, London
  6. ^ According to Karel van Mander who refers to a "Lucas", assumed to be Horenbout.

The Continence of Scipio by Carel van Mander (1600) Oil on copper, 44 x 79 cm. ...

References

  • Wolf, Norbert (2004). Hans Holbein the Younger. Cologne: Taschen. ISBN 3822831670

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hans Holbein der Jüngere
  • A list of museums featuring the artist
  • An earlier version of this article was loosely based on an article written by Nicolas Pioch.
  • 2006 exhibition on Holbein in England at Tate Britain
  • Review of Holbein in Britain, Tate Britain,2006
  • smARThistory: The Ambassadors
  • Hans Holbein the Younger Gallery at MuseumSyndicate
  • Holbein's Dance of Death - A pictorial gallery of the woodcut illustrations.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Biography (1535 words)
His father, Hans Holbein the Elder, and his uncle Sigmund were renowned for their somewhat conservative examples of late Gothic painting in Germany.
Holbein entered the painters' corporation in 1519, married a tanner's widow, and became a burgher of Basle in 1520.
Holbein also completed a life-size group portrait of More's family; this work is now lost, though its appearance is preserved in copies and in preparatory drawing in the Kunstmuseum, Basle.
Hans Holbein. Biography. - Olga's Gallery (1920 words)
Hans Holbein the Younger, son of the painter Hans Holbein the Elder, was both in education and career, a cosmopolitan.
Hans married the widow of a soldier Elsbeth Bingenstok in 1519.
Hans Holbein the Younger: Painter at the Court of Henry VIII by Stephanie Buck, Jochen Sander.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

Tiara
26th April 2011
NEED MORE INFO ON HAN HOLBEIN CHILDHOOD AND FAMILY LIFE!!!!!

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