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Encyclopedia > Hans Christian Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen

Born April 2, 1805(1805-04-02)
Odense, Denmark
Died August 4, 1875 (aged 70)
Copenhagen, Denmark
Occupation novelist, short story writer, fairy tales writer, poet
Nationality Dane
Genres Children's literature, travelogue
Influences Ludvig Holberg, William Shakespeare

Hans Christian Andersen [ˈhanˀs ˈkʰʁæʂd̥jan ˈɑnɐsn̩] or simply H.C. Andersen [hɔse ˈɑnɐsn̩], (April 2, 1805August 4, 1875) was a Danish author and poet, most famous for his fairy tales. Among his best-known stories "The Snow Queen", "The Little Mermaid", "The Emperor's New Clothes" and "The Ugly Duckling". During Andersen's lifetime he was feted by Royalty and acclaimed as having brought joy to children across Europe. His fairy tales have been translated into well over a hundred languages and continue to be published in "millions of copies all over the world".[1] Disambiguation Andersen - the surname Hans Christian Andersen, the Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen, the 1952 musical biographical film starring Danny Kaye as Hans Christian Andersen Hans Christian Andersen Award, awarded bianually by the International Board on Books for Young People in recognition of a lasting contribution to children... Image File history File linksMetadata Hans_Christian_Andersen. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Jefferson. ... Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... This article is about work. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Childrens books redirects here. ... Travel literature is literature which records the people, events, sights and feelings of an author who is touring a foreign place for the pleasure of travel. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Jefferson. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Cover of a modern Danish edtion of The Snow Queen (Sneedronningen) Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Snow Queen The Snow Queen (Danish: Sneedronningen) is a fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen and first published in 1845. ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... The emperor in procession by Edmund Dulac For other uses, see The Emperors New Clothes (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Ugly Duckling (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Biography

Childhood

Hans Christian Andersen was born in Odense, Denmark, on Tuesday, April 2, 1805. Most English (as well as German and French) sources use the name "Hans Christian Andersen", but in Denmark and the rest of Scandinavia he is usually referred to as merely "H. C. Andersen." His name "Hans Christian" is a traditional Danish name and is used as a single name, though originally a combination of two individual names. It is incorrect to use only one of the two parts. It is an accepted custom in Denmark to use only the initials in this and a few other names. Andersen's father apparently believed that he might be related to nobility, and according to scholars at the Hans Christian Andersen Center, his paternal grandmother told him that the family had once been in a higher social class. However, investigation proves these stories unfounded. The family apparently did have some connections to Danish royalty, but these were work-related. Nevertheless, the theory that Andersen was the illegitimate son of royalty persists in Denmark, bolstered by the fact that the Danish King took a personal interest in Andersen as a youth and paid for his education. The writer Rolf Dorset insists that not all options have been explored in determining Andersen's heritage.[2] Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Jefferson. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


Andersen displayed great intelligence and imagination as a young boy, a trait fostered by the indulgence of his parents and by the superstition of his mother. He made himself a small toy-theatre and sat at home making clothes for his puppets, and reading all the plays that he could lay his hands upon; among them were those of Ludvig Holberg and William Shakespeare. Throughout his childhood, he had a passionate love for literature. He was known to memorize entire plays by Shakespeare and to recite them using his wooden dolls as actors. He was also a great lover of the art of banter, and assisted in initiating a society of like minded banterers amongst his friends. This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Youth

In 1816, his father died and, in order to support himself, Andersen worked as an apprentice for both a weaver and a tailor. He later worked in a cigarette factory where his fellow workers humiliated him by betting on whether he was in fact a girl, pulling down his trousers to check. At the age of fourteen, Andersen moved to Copenhagen seeking employment as an actor in the theatre. He had a pleasant soprano voice and succeeded in being admitted to the Royal Danish Theatre. This career stopped short when his voice broke. A colleague at the theatre had referred to him as a poet, and Andersen took this very seriously and began to focus on writing. If youre looking for the TV show, see The Apprentice. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Royal Danish Theatre and Hans Christian Andersen ...

Hans Christian Andersen in 1869

Following an accidental meeting, Jonas Collin started taking an interest in the odd boy and sent Andersen to the grammar school in Slagelse, paying all his expenses.[3] Before even being admitted to grammar-school, Andersen had already succeeded in publishing his first story, The Ghost at Palnatoke's Grave in (1822). Though an unwilling pupil, Andersen studied both in Slagelse and at a school in Elsinore until 1827.[4] He later stated that these years had been the darkest and most bitter parts of his life. He had experienced living in his schoolmaster's own home, being abused in order to "build his character", and he had been alienated from his fellow students, being much older than most of them, homely and unattractive. Furthermore, he was dyslexic, a very likely reason for his learning difficulties and he later said that the school faculty forbid or discouraged him to write. He would later learn to speak near fluent English, Dutch, and German, as well as the Scandinavian languages. Image File history File links Hans Christian Andersen in the garden of Religheden, which is near Copenhagen, Denmark. ... Image File history File links Hans Christian Andersen in the garden of Religheden, which is near Copenhagen, Denmark. ... A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... Slagelse, is a city in east Denmark, located in Slagelse municipality on the island of Zealand. ... Kronborg Castle Helsingør , also known by its English anglo name Elsinore, is a city in Helsingør municipality on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in eastern Denmark. ... Dyslexia is a syndrome in which a persons reading and/or writing ability is significantly lower than that which would be predicted by his or her general level of intelligence. ...


Career

Early works

In 1829, Andersen enjoyed a considerable success with a short story entitled "A Journey on Foot from Holmen's Canal to the East Point of Amager." During the same season, he published both a farce and a collection of poems. He had little further progress, however, until 1833 when he received a small traveling grant from the King, making the first of his long European journeys. At Le Locle, in the Jura, he wrote "Agnete and the Merman"; and in October 1834 he arrived in Rome. Andersen's first novel, The Improvisatore, was published in the beginning of 1835, and became an instant success. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...


Andersen's Fairy Tales

It was during 1835 that Andersen published the first instalment of his immortal Fairy Tales (Danish: Eventyr). More stories, completing the first volume, were published in 1836 and 1837. The quality of these stories was not immediately recognised, and they sold poorly. At the same time, Andersen enjoyed more success with two novels: O.T. (1836) and Only a Fiddler (1837).


After a visit to Sweden in 1837, Andersen became inspired by Scandinavism and committed himself to writing a poem to convey his feeling of relatedness between the Swedes, the Danes and the Norwegians.[5] It was in July 1839 during a visit to the island of Funen that Andersen first wrote the text of his poem Jeg er en Skandinav (I am a Scandinavian).[5] Andersen designed the poem random to capture "the beauty of the Nordic spirit, the way the three sister nations have gradually grown together" as part of a Scandinavian national anthem.[5] Composer Otto Lindblad set the poem to music and the composition was published in January 1840. Its popularity peaked in 1845, after which it was seldom sung.[5] Scandinavism and Nordism are political ideas that supports cooperation between the Scandinavian and/or Nordic countries. ... Funen (Danish: Fyn) is the third largest island of Denmark, it has a population of 445,000 people. ...


Travelogues

In 1851, he published to wide acclaim In Sweden, a volume of travel sketches. A keen traveller, Andersen published several other long travelogues: Shadow Pictures of a Journey to the Harz, Swiss Saxony, etc. etc. in the Summer of 1831 (A Poet's Bazaar (560), In Spain , and [[A Visit to Portugal in (The latter describes his visit with his Portuguese friends Jorge and Jose O'Neill, who were his fellows in the mid 1820s while living in Copenhagen. In his travelogues, Andersen took heed of some of the contemporary conventions about travel writing; but always developed the genre to suit his own purposes. Each of his travelogues combines documentary and descriptive accounts of the sights he saw with more philosophical excurses on topics such as being an author, immortality, and the nature of fiction in the literary travel report. Some of the travelogues, such as In Sweden, even contain fairy-tales. Travel literature is literature which records the people, events, sights and feelings of an author who is touring a foreign place for the pleasure of travel. ... ONeill (also spelled ONeil, ONeal) may refer to: In places: ONeill, Nebraska, a US city ONeil, Florida, a US town In business: ONeill (brand), a wetsuit and surf clothing manufacturer In education: ONeill Collegiate and Vocational Institute, a school in Oshawa, Ontario People...


In the 1840s Andersen's attention returned to the stage, however with no great success. His true genius was however proved in the miscellany the Picture-Book without Pictures (1840). The fame of his Fairy Tales had grown steadily; a second series began in 1838 and a third in 1845. Andersen was now celebrated throughout Europe, although his native Denmark still showed some resistance to his pretensions. An anthology is a collection of literary works, originally of poems, but in recent years its usage has broadened to be applied to collections of short stories and comic strips. ...


Meetings with Dickens

In June 1847, Andersen paid his first visit to England and enjoyed a triumphal social success during the summer. The Countess of Blessington invited him to her parties where intellectual and famous people could meet, and it was at one party that he met Charles Dickens for the first time. They shook hands and walked to the veranda which was of much joy to Andersen. He wrote in his diary "We had come to the veranda, I was so happy to see and speak to England's now living writer, whom I love the most."[6] For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Marguerite, countess of Blessington (September 1, 1789 - June 4, 1849), Irish novelist and miscellaneous writer, daughter of Edmund Power, a small landowner, was born near Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ireland. ... Dickens redirects here. ...


Ten years later, Andersen visited England, primarily to visit Dickens. He stayed at Dickens' home for five weeks, oblivious to Dickens' increasingly blatant hints for him to leave. Dickens' daughter said of Andersen, "He was a bony bore, and stayed on and on."[6] Shortly after Andersen left, Dickens published David Copperfield, featuring the obsequious Uriah Heep, who is said to have been modeled on Andersen. Andersen quite enjoyed the visit, and never understood why Dickens stopped answering his letters. For David Copperfield the illusionist, see David Copperfield (illusionist). ... Uriah Heep is a fictional character created by Charles Dickens in his novel David Copperfield. ...


Death

In the spring of 1872, Andersen fell out of bed and was severely hurt. He never quite recovered, but he lived until August 4, 1875,dying painfully in a house called pie (literally: calmness), near Copenhagen, the home of his close friends Moritz Melchior and wife, a banker.[7] Shortly before his death, he had consulted a composer about the music for his funeral, saying: "Most of the people who will walk after me will be children, so make the beat keep time with little steps."[7] His body was interred in the Assistens Kirkegård in the Nørrebro area of Copenhagen. At the time of his death, he was an internationally renowned and treasured artist. He received a stipend from the Danish Government as a "national treasure". Before his death, steps were already underway to erect the large statue in his honour which was completed and is prominently placed in Copenhagen. [1] is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Assistens Cemetery (Danish: Assistens KirkegÃ¥rd) is located in a large park in the Nørrebro section of Copenhagen, Denmark. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ...


The critic Georg Brandes had questioned Andersen about whether he would write his autobiography. He claimed that it had already been written- "The Ugly Duckling". [1]


Sexual orientation

Andersen's sexual orientation is a matter of controversy in academic circles.[8] The discussion began in 1901 with the article "Hans Christian Andersen: Evidence of his Homosexuality" by Carl Albert Hansen Fahlberg (using the pseudonym Albert Hansenin) in Magnus Hirschfeld's publication Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufe (Yearbook on Sexual Ambiguity). Biographies usually portray him as either homosexual or bisexual. Magnus Hirschfeld in 1933 Magnus Hirschfeld (Kolberg, May 14, 1868 - Nice, May 14, 1935) was a prominent German-Jewish physician, sexologist, and gay rights advocate. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ...


Many of his stories are interpreted as references to his sexual grief. One of these stories is The Nightingale which is a tribute to the "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind, a famous Swedish opera singer, with whom Andersen was in love. Her feelings towards him were not mutual; she saw him as a brother at most.[9][10] One other story is "The Little Mermaid", who sacrifices her own life for that of her unattainable prince. Some biographers think this story exemplifies Andersen's love for the young Edvard Collin,[11] to whom he wrote: "I languish for you as for a pretty Calabrian wench... my sentiments for you are those of a woman. The femininity of my nature and our friendship must remain a mystery." Collin, who did not prefer men, wrote in his own memoir: "I found myself unable to respond to this love, and this caused the author much suffering." Likewise, the infatuations of the author for the Danish dancer Harald Scharff[12] and Carl Alexander, the young hereditary duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach,[13] did not result in notable partnerships. Four of his letters to Carl are edited in the anthology by Rictor Norton. In Andersen's early life, his private journal records his refusal to have sexual relations and his release through masturbation. [14][15] Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Nightingale The Nightingale is a fairy tale by Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen. ... First U.S.Daguerrotype of Jenny Lind in New York, September 14, 1850 taken by her Swedish classmate, Poly Von Schneidau from Chicago, at the Mathew Brady Studio in New York City. ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... Karl Alexander August Johann, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (b. ... The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 by the merger of the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been in personal union since 1741, when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. ... Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ...


Legacy

In the English-speaking world, stories such as "Thumbelina", "The Snow Queen", "The Ugly Duckling", "The Little Mermaid", "The Emperor's New Clothes", and "The Princess and the Pea" remain popular and are widely read. "The Emperor's new clothes" and "ugly duckling" have both passed into the English language as well-known expressions. Thumbelina or Little Tiny is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1835 as part of the second volume of Eventyr, fortalte for Børn (Fairy-tales, Told for Children). ... Cover of a modern Danish edtion of The Snow Queen (Sneedronningen) Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Snow Queen The Snow Queen (Danish: Sneedronningen) is a fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen and first published in 1845. ... For other uses, see The Ugly Duckling (disambiguation). ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... The emperor in procession by Edmund Dulac For other uses, see The Emperors New Clothes (disambiguation). ... Image by Edmund Dulac from Stories from Hans Andersen Cover of a modern Danish edition of The Princess and the Pea (Prindsessen paa Ærten is Prinsessen på ærten in modern ortograhpy) The Princess and the Pea is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1835 and...

Statue of Andersen in Copenhagen

In the Copenhagen harbor there is a statue of The Little Mermaid, placed in honor of Hans Christian Andersen. 2 April, Andersen's birthday, is celebrated as International Children's Book Day. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 3. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... International Childrens Book Day is celebrated 2 April to call attention to childrens books. ...


About a third of Andersen's stories have been translated into Interlingua. His home in Odense, Denmark, features a computer displaying samples of his work in each language in which it appears. The sample in Interlingua is the story "The days of the week".[16] This article is about the auxiliary language created by the International Auxiliary Language Association. ...


The year 2005 was the bicentenary of Andersen's birth and his life and work was celebrated around the world. In Denmark, particularly, the nation's most famous son has been feted like no other literary figure.[citation needed][dubious ]


A $12.5m theme park based on Andersen's tales and life opened in Shanghai at the end of 2006. Multi-media games as well as all kinds of cultural contests related to the fairytales are available to visitors. He was chosen as the star of the park because he is a "nice, hardworking person who was not afraid of poverty", Shanghai Gujin Investment general manager Zhai Shiqiang was quoted by the AFP news agency as saying. (BBC Asia-Pacific 8/11/06)[citation needed][dubious ]


Fairy tales

Some of his most famous fairy tales include:

Hans Christian Andersens short story The Angel concerns a child who has recently died, and the angel who appears to escort him to Heaven. ... The emperor in procession by Edmund Dulac For other uses, see The Emperors New Clothes (disambiguation). ... The Fir-Tree is a Danish fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen. ... The Little Match Girl (Den Lille Pige med Svovlstikkerne) is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen about a young girl who dies selling matches during the cold winter. ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Nightingale The Nightingale is a fairy tale by Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen. ... Cover of a modern Danish edtion of Ole-Lukøie (which is Ole Lukøje in modern ortograhpy) Ole-Lukøie is one of Hans Christian Andersens more obscure folk tales, telling of a mysterious mythic creature—based on folklore character of the Sandman, it gently takes children to... Image by Edmund Dulac from Stories from Hans Andersen Cover of a modern Danish edition of The Princess and the Pea (Prindsessen paa Ærten is Prinsessen på ærten in modern ortograhpy) The Princess and the Pea is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1835 and... The Red Shoes (De røde sko) is a fairy tale written by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen, and was first published in 1845. ... the sadow by Hans Christian Andersen (original text) IN very hot climates, where the heat of the sun has great power, people are usually as brown as mahogany; and in the hottest countries they are negroes, with black skins. ... Cover of a modern Danish edtion of The Snow Queen (Sneedronningen) Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Snow Queen The Snow Queen (Danish: Sneedronningen) is a fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen and first published in 1845. ... Cover of a modern Danish edtion of The Steadfast Tin Soldier (Den Standhaftige Tinsoldat) The Steadfast Tin Soldier is a Danish language|Danish fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen and first published in 1838, as part of his fourth volume of Eventyr, Fortalte for Børn (Fairy Tales, Told... The Story of a Mother (Danish: Historien om en moder) was written by Hans Christian Andersen. ... The Swineherd (Svinedrengen) is a fairy tale written by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen. ... Thumbelina or Little Tiny is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1835 as part of the second volume of Eventyr, fortalte for Børn (Fairy-tales, Told for Children). ... The Tinder Box is a Danish fairy tale written by Hans Christian Andersen. ... For other uses, see The Ugly Duckling (disambiguation). ... The Wild Swans (De vilde svaner) is a fairy tale written by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen. ...

Contemporary literary works inspired by Andersen's stories

  • The Girl Who Trod on a Loaf by Kathryn Davis: a contemporary novel about fairy tales and opera
  • The Snow Queen by Joan Vinge: an award-winning novel that reworks the Snow Queen's themes into epic science fiction
  • The Nightingale by Kara Dalkey: a lyrical adult fantasy novel set in the courts of old Japan
  • The Wild Swans by Peg Kerr: a novel that brings Andersen's fairy tale to colonial and modern America
  • Daughter of the Forest by Juliet Marillier: a romantic fantasy novel, set in early Ireland, thematically linked to "The Wild Swans"
  • The Snow Queen by Eileen Kernaghan: a gentle Young Adult fantasy novel that brings out the tale's subtle pagan and shamanic elements
  • "The Snow Queen", a short story by Patricia A. McKillip (published in Snow White, Blood Red)
  • "You, Little Match Girl", a short story by Joyce Carol Oates (published in Black Heart, Ivory Bones)
  • "Sparks", a short story by Gregory Frost (based on The Tinder Box, published in Black Swan, White Raven)
  • "Steadfast", a short story by Nancy Kress (based on The Steadfast Tin Soldier, published in Black Swan, White Raven)
  • "The Sea Hag", a short story by Melissa Lee Shaw (based on The Little Mermaid, published in Silver Birch, Blood Moon)
  • "The Real Princess", a short story by Susan Palwick (based on The Princess and the Pea, published in Ruby Slippers, Golden Tears)
  • "Match Girl", a short story by Anne Bishop (published in Ruby Slippers, Golden Tears)
  • "The Pangs of Love", a short story by Jane Gardam (based on The Little Mermaid, published in Close Company: Stories of Mothers and Daughters)
  • "The Chrysanthemum Robe", a short story by Kara Dalkey (based on The Emperor's New Clothes, published in The Armless Maiden)
  • "The Steadfast Tin Soldier", a short story by Joan Vinge (published in Women of Wonder)
  • "In the Witch's Garden", a short story by Naomi Kritzer (based on The Snow Queen, published in Realms of Fantasy magazine, October 2002 issue)
  • "The Last Poems About the Snow Queen", a poem cycle by Sandra Gilbert (published in Blood Pressure)
  • The Little Mermaid (2005) for children's chorus, narrator, orchestra by Richard Mills
  • "La petite marchande d'allumettes", film by Jean Renoir (1928)[17]

Joan D. Vinge (born 1948 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an American science fiction author. ... Kara Mia Dalkey (1953 – ) is an American author of young adult fiction and historical fantasy. ... Jane Gardam is a British author of childrens and adult fiction. ... Richard Mills (born in 1949) is an Australian conductor and composer. ... Jean Renoir Jean Renoir (September 15, 1894 – February 12, 1979), born in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris, France was a film director. ...

Bibliography

  • Jackie Wullschläger, Hans Christian Andersen. The Life of a Storyteller, Penguin, 2000, ISBN 0-14-028320-X
  • Stig Dalager, Journey in Blue, historical, biographical novel about H.C.Andersen, Peter Owen, London 2006, McArthur & Co., Toronto 2006.
  • Norton, Rictor (ed.) My Dear Boy:Gay Love Letters through the Centuries. Leyland Publications, San Francisco. 1998 ISBN 0-943595-71-1
  • Ruth Manning-Sanders, Swan of Denmark: The Story of Hans Christian Andersen, Heinemann, 1949

Rictor Norton, Ph. ... Ruth Manning-Sanders (born 1895 in Swansea, Wales; died October 12, 1988, in Penzance, England) was a poet and author who was perhaps best known for her series of childrens books in which she collected and retold fairy tales from all over the world. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Elias Bredsdorff, Hans Christian Andersen: the story of his life and work 1805-75, Phaidon (1975) ISBN 0-7148-1636-1
  2. ^ Neil Philip (8 January 2005). The little prince. Times Online. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. “the illegitimate son of a future king?”
  3. ^ H.C. Andersens skolegang og livet i Slagelse
  4. ^ H.C. Andersens skolegang i Helsingør Latinskole
  5. ^ a b c d Hans Christian Andersen and Music. - I am a Scandinavian. (Accessed January 12, 2007).
  6. ^ a b H.C. Andersen og Charles Dickens 1857
  7. ^ a b Bryant, Mark: Private Lives, 2001, p.12
  8. ^ Dag Heede writes that "the ‘War About Hans Christian Andersen’s Sexuality’ ... has lasted over a century and ... is far from over." Heede, Dag. Hans Christian Andersen's (Homo) Sexuality. Danish Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  9. ^ H.C. Andersen homepage (danish)
  10. ^ English source
  11. ^ Hans Christian Andersen's correspondence, ed Frederick Crawford6, London. 1891
  12. ^ Andersen wrote about Scharff in his diary, on 6 March 1862: "I long for him daily." From de Mylius, Johan. The Life of Hans Christian Andersen. Day By Day.. Hans Christian Andersen Center. Retrieved on 2006-07-22.
  13. ^ Andersen wrote in his diary: "The Hereditary Grand Duke walked arm in arm with me across the courtyard of the castle to my room, kissed me lovingly, asked me always to love him though he was just an ordinary person, asked me to stay with him this winter. [...] fell asleep with the mela6ncholy, happy feeling that I was the guest of this strange prince at his castle and loved by him. [...] It is like a fairy tale." From Pritchard, Claudia. "His dark materials", The Independent, 2005-03-27. Retrieved on 2006-07-23. 
  14. ^ Lepage, Robert. "Bedtime stories", The Guardian, 2006-01-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-19. 
  15. ^ Recorded using "special Greek symbols".Garfield, Patricia (2004-06-21). The Dreams of Hans Christian Andersen (PDF) 29. Retrieved on 2006-07-20.
  16. ^ H.C. Andersen in Interlingua, March 17, 2006.
  17. ^ La petite marchande d'allumettes (1928) at the Internet Movie Database

Jens Andersen; Andersen, En Biografi; Gyldendal, Copenhagen, 2 volumes, 2003
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External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Hans Christian Andersen
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Hans Christian Andersen
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hans Christian Andersen
  • The Hans Christian Andersen Center - contains many Andersen's stories in Danish and English
  • The Hans Christian Andersen Museum in Odense has a large digital collection of Hans Christian Andersen papercuts, drawings and portraits - Also you can follow his travels across Europe and explore his Nyhavn study.
  • Hans Cristian Andersen at the Internet Movie Database
  • Hans Christian Andersen Bicentenary Website from Danish Broadcasting Corp. (DR)- Features audio fairytales and interactive, multimedia features in Danish and English
  • Andersen's Fairy Tales public domain audio book at LibriVox
  • Hans Christian Andersen: Fairy Tales and Stories
  • The Orders and Medals Society of Denmark has descriptions of Hans Christian Andersen's Medals and Decorations.
  • And the cobbler's son became a princely author Details of Andersen's life and the celebrations.
  • Hans Christian Andersen Fairy Tales in English, Russian and Ukrainian
  • Hans Christian Andersen: Fairytales and Stories Text of most of Andersen's fairy tales, with an extensive introduction and art based on Andersen's papercuts.
  • Works by Hans Christian Andersen at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by Hans Christian Andersen at Internet Archive. Scanned, color illustrated first editions.
  • Hans Christian Andersen Information (mainly in Danish) contains information about his life, childhood home, Hans Christian Andersen House and museum, fairy tales and stories, literary activities, drawings, papercuts and picture pages.
  • Hans Christian Andersen online portrait gallery by global contemporary artists
  • Funabashi H. C. Andersen Park (in Japanese) Main Article : H. C. Andersen Park (アンデルセン公園)
  • Hans Christian Andersen paintings by artist Erik Bagge Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales seen with the eyes and pencil of the Danish artist Erik Bagge.
  • WorldCat Identities page for 'Andersen, H. C. 1805-1875 (Hans Christian)'
  • The Oxford Complete edition of Fairy Tales & other stories, Illustrated book 1914, his complete works 1835 to 1872 (in English)
  • The Annotated Hans Christian Andersen (W. W. Norton, 2007)
Persondata
NAME Andersen, Hans Christian
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Danish novelist, short story writer, fairy tales writer, and poet
DATE OF BIRTH April 2, 1805(1805-04-02)
PLACE OF BIRTH Odense, Denmark
DATE OF DEATH August 4, 1875
PLACE OF DEATH Copenhagen, Denmark

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hans Christian Andersen (0 words)
Hans Christian Andersen was born in the slums of Odense.
Andersen's poem 'The Dying Child', was published in a Copenhagen journal and the Royal Theatre produced in 1829 his musical drama.
Andersen broke new ground in both style and content, and employed the idioms and constructions of spoken language in a way that was new in Danish writing.
Hans Christian Andersen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2987 words)
Hans Christian Andersen [ˈhænˀs ˈkʰʁæsd̥jæn ˈanɔsn̩] or simply HC Andersen [ho̞ se ˈanɔsn̩], (April 2, 1805 – August 4, 1875) was a Danish author and poet most famous for his fairy tales.
Andersen's father apparently believed that he might be related to nobility, and according to scholars at the Hans Christian Andersen Center, his paternal grandmother told him that the family had once been in a higher social class.
Nevertheless, the theory that Andersen was the illegitimate son of royalty persists in Denmark, bolstered by the fact that the Danish King took a personal interest in Andersen as a youth and paid for his education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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