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Encyclopedia > Hans Blix
Hans Blix
Hans Blix

Hans Blix in Vienna 2002. Photo by Dean Calma, IAEA Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1523x1529, 1503 KB) Hans Blix, chairman of IAEA 1981 - 1997 Description: Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC, Dr Hans Blix, addresses the international press corps upon arrival to the VIC. He was attending the IAEA, UNMOVIC, Iraq talks. ...


In office
January 2000 – June 2003
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Demetrius Perricos

Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency
In office
1981 – December 1, 1997
Preceded by Sigvard Eklund
Succeeded by Mohamed ElBaradei

In office
October 18, 1978 – October 12, 1979
Preceded by Karin Söder
Succeeded by Ola Ullsten

Born 28 June 1928
Flag of Sweden Uppsala, Sweden

Hans Blix  (born 28 June 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat and politician. He was Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978 - 1979). Blix was also the head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission from January 2000 to June 2003, when he was succeeded by Demetrius Perricos. In 2002, the commission began searching Iraq for weapons of mass destruction, ultimately finding none. The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Demetrius Perricos (born December 1935 in Piraeus, Greece) is Acting Executive Chairman of United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission having succeeded Dr. Hans Blix. ... The IAEA flag The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr. Sigvard Arne Eklund was a former director of the IAEA security council born in 1911 in Kiruna, Sweden. ... Mohamed ElBaradei Mohamed ElBaradei (Arabic: محمد البرادعي) (born June 17, 1942, Egypt) is the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an inter-governmental organization under the auspices of the United Nations. ... The office of the Minister for Foreign Affairs has existed in Sweden since 1809, its creation was a result of the constitutional Instrument of Government promulgated in the same year. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Karin Söder (born Bergenfur, November 30, 1928) is a Swedish politician, who was the first woman in Sweden to be elected the leader of a major political party. ... Ola Ullsten (born June 23, 1931) is a Swedish liberal politician, and the former party leader of the Swedish Liberal Peoples Party. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a Swedish City in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... Image File history File links Sv-Hans Blix. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a Swedish City in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The office of the Minister for Foreign Affairs has existed in Sweden since 1809, its creation was a result of the constitutional Instrument of Government promulgated in the same year. ... The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. ... Demetrius Perricos (born December 1935 in Piraeus, Greece) is Acting Executive Chairman of United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission having succeeded Dr. Hans Blix. ... For the album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ...


He is the son of professor Gunnar Blix and Hertha Wiberg and comes from a family of old Norwegian nobility.

Contents

Early career

Hans Blix studied at Uppsala University, Columbia University, and the University of Cambridge (Trinity Hall), from which he holds a doctorate in law. In 1959, he graduated in International Law at the University of Stockholm. In 1960, he was appointed Associate Professor in International Law. Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Columbia University is a private research university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Full name College of Scholars of the Holy Trinity of Norwich Motto - Named after The Holy Trinity Previous names - Established 1350 Sister College(s) University College All Souls College Master Prof. ... International law (also called public international law to distinguish from private international law, i. ... Stockholm University Stockholm University, or Stockholms universitet, is a state university in Stockholm, Sweden. ...


Between 1962 and 1978 he was a member of the Swedish delegation at the Disarmament Conference in Geneva. He also held several other positions in the Swedish administration between 1963 and 1976, and from 1961 to 1981 he was a member of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations. From 1978 to 1979, he was the Swedish Foreign Minister.


Hans Blix chaired the Swedish Liberal Party's campaign during the 1980 Referendum on nuclear power, campaigning in favor of retention of the Swedish nuclear energy program. Folkpartiet Liberalerna is a liberal party in Sweden. ... Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. ... A nuclear power station. ...


Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (1981-1997)

Blix was the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency between 1981 and 1997. The IAEA flag The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ...


He personally made repeated inspection visits to the Iraqi nuclear reactor Osiraq before its attempted destruction by the Iranians, in 1980, and its eventual destruction by the Israeli Air Force in 1981. Osiraq was a 40 MW light water nuclear materials testing reactor (MTR) in Iraq. ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Although most agreed that Iraq was years away from being able to build a nuclear weapon, the Iranians and the Israelis felt any raid must occur well before nuclear fuel was loaded to prevent nuclear fallout. The attack was regarded as being in breach with the United Nations Charter (S/RES/487) and international law and was widely condemned. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Fallout is the residual radiation hazard from a nuclear explosion, so named because it falls out of the atmosphere into which it is spread during the explosion. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Blix and the IAEA never discovered the clandestine nuclear program that was "initiated" by Iraq in the 1970s [1] on the site where Osiraq was harbored. In 1982, the Reagan Administration removed Iraq from the State Department's list of countries that allegedly supported terrorism. IAEA The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957, seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ... President Reagan, with his Cabinet and staff, in the Oval Office (February 4, 1981) Headed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1989, the Reagan Administration was conservative, steadfastly anti-Communist and in favor of tax cuts and smaller government. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


The collaboration with Saddam during and after the Iran-Iraq War by several industrialised countries has lead many to believe that there was no strong political will to fully utilise the IAEA [2]. Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: [1]; April 28, 1937[2] – December 30, 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003. ... Combatants  Iran Iraq Commanders Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Abolhassan Banisadr Ali Shamkhani Mostafa Chamran† Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength 305,000 soldiers 500,000 Passdaran and Baseej militia 1,000 tanks 1,000 armored vehicles 3,000 artillery pieces 65 aircraft 720 helicopters[1] 190,000 soldiers 4,500... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ...


Iraq was alternately praised and admonished by the IAEA for its cooperation and lack thereof. It was only after the first Gulf War that the full extent of Iraq's nuclear programs, which had switched from a plutonium based weapon design to a highly enriched uranium design after the destruction of Osiraq, became known. Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Peter de la Billière Khalid bin Sultan Saleh Al-Muhaya Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 dead, 75,000 wounded The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War... General Name, Symbol, Number plutonium, Pu, 94 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Atomic mass (244) g·mol−1 Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... These pie-graphs showing the relative proportions of uranium-238 (blue) and uranium-235 (red) at different levels of enrichment. ...


Iraq disarmament crisis (2002-2003)

During the Iraq disarmament crisis before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Blix was called back from retirement by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to lead United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission in charge of monitoring Iraq. Kofi Annan originally recommended Rolf Ekéus, who worked with UNSCOM in the past, but both Russia and France vetoed his appointment. Hans Blix personally admonished Saddam for "cat and mouse" games [3] and warned Iraq of "serious consequences" if it attempted to hinder or delay his mission [4]. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom South Korea Australia Poland Romania others. ... Kofi Atta Annan (born April 8, 1938) is a Ghanaian born diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006, serving two five-year terms. ... The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. ... Rolf Ekéus (born 1935) is a Swedish diplomat. ...


In his report to the UN Security Council on February 14, 2003, Blix claimed that "If Iraq had provided the necessary cooperation in 1991, the phase of disarmament -- under resolution 687 -- could have been short and a decade of sanctions could have been avoided." [5] February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Blix's statements about the Iraq WMD program came to contradict the claims of the Bush administration, [6] and attracted a great deal of criticism from supporters of the invasion of Iraq. In an interview on BBC TV on 8 February 2004, Dr. Blix accused the U.S. and British governments of dramatising the threat of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, in order to strengthen the case for the 2003 war against the regime of Saddam Hussein. Iraq and weapons of mass destruction concerns the Iraqi governments use, possession, and alleged intention of acquiring more types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) during the presidency of Saddam Hussein. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the oldest United Kingdom, and indeed, the world. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... For the album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom South Korea Australia Poland Romania others. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: [1]; April 28, 1937[2] – December 30, 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003. ...


Newt Gingrich stated that approving Hans Blix as chief U.N. weapons inspector was one of the biggest mistakes ever made. Newton Leroy Gingrich (born June 17, 1943) served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. ...


In an interview with London's Guardian newspaper, Hans Blix said, "I have my detractors in Washington. There are bastards who spread things around, of course, who planted nasty things in the media" [7]. The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


In 2004, Blix published a book, Disarming Iraq, where he gives his account of the events and inspections before the coalition began its invasion.


Ultimately, no stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction were found. Iraq and weapons of mass destruction concerns the Iraqi governments use, possession, and alleged intention of acquiring more types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) during the presidency of Saddam Hussein. ...


Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission

Since 2003 Blix has been chair of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC), an independent body funded by the Swedish government and based in Stockholm [8].


In December 2006, the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission said in a report that Pakistan’s infamous and controversial nuclear proliferator Abdul Qadeer Khan could not have acted alone, “without the awareness of the Pakistani government”. [1] Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (Urdu: عبدالقدیر خان )(b. ...


Honours

Honoris causa (plural: Causae) is a Latin term meaning for the sake of honor, abbreviated as . ... Moscow State University campus M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Московский Государственный Университет име&#1085... The coat of arms for the Cambridge Union Society, which shares much in common with the coat of arms for the University of Cambridge. ... The World Nuclear Association (formerly the Uranium Institute) is a pro-nuclear power organisation which monitors and promotes the use of nuclear power. ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... Gymnasivm Patavinum: The University shown in a 1654 woodcut The University of Padua (Università degli Studi di Padova, UNIPD) is one of the most well-renowned universities in Italy. ...

Cultural references

  • Hans Blix is parodied in Team America: World Police, where he is fed to sharks by Kim Jong-il, President of North Korea. The film depicts many major political figures, including Blix, as marionettes.
  • Hans Blix appeared in the documentaries The World According to Bush [9] and Europe & USA: Behind the Scenes of a Political Rupture [10] .

Team America: World Police Team America: World Police is a 2004 movie by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, the creators of the Comedy Central television program South Park. ... |image=Kim Jong il. ...

Bibliography

  • Disarming Iraq, Hans Blix, Pantheon (9 March, 2004). ISBN 0-375-42302-8

See also

Mohamed ElBaradei Mohamed ElBaradei (Arabic: محمد البرادعي) (born June 17, 1942, Egypt) is the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an inter-governmental organization under the auspices of the United Nations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Iraq and weapons of mass destruction concerns the Iraqi governments use, possession, and alleged intention of acquiring more types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) during the presidency of Saddam Hussein. ... Hans Corell (born July 7, 1939) is a Swedish diplomat. ... Operation Rockingham was the codeword for UK involvement in inspections in Iraq following the war over Kuwait in 1990-91. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Hans Blix
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hans Blix
  • WMD Commission biography
  • United Nations biography
  • Blix's BBC profile
  • Excerpt from the book Disarming Iraq by Hans Blix
  • Audio of NPR interview with Hans Blix March 16, 2004 (Morning Edition, 8 minutes 24 seconds)
  • Audio of NPR interview with Hans Blix March 17, 2004 (Fresh Air, 33 minutes 5 seconds)
  • Hersch Lauterpacht Memorial Lecture 2004
Preceded by
Karin Söder
Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs
1978 – 1979
Succeeded by
Ola Ullsten
Preceded by
Sigvard Eklund
Director General of the IAEA
1981 – 1997
Succeeded by
Mohamed ElBaradei
Preceded by
None
Executive Chairman of the UNMOVIC
2000 – 2003
Succeeded by
Demetrius Perricos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hans Blix - MSN Encarta (390 words)
Hans Blix, born in 1928, chief United Nations (UN) weapons inspector who became a central figure in the Iraq crisis of 2002 and 2003.
Blix was thrust into the spotlight when he was asked to verify Iraq’s compliance with a UN resolution requiring Iraq to dispose of all weapons of mass destruction.
Hans Blix was born in 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden.
Hans Blix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1080 words)
Hans Blix studied at Uppsala University, Columbia University, and the University of Cambridge (Trinity Hall), from which he holds a doctorate in law.
Hans Blix chaired the Swedish Liberal Party's campaign during the 1980 Referendum on nuclear power, campaigning in favor of retention of the Swedish nuclear energy program.
Blix was the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency between 1981 and 1997.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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