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Encyclopedia > Hanoi, Vietnam
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Hanoi opera house

Hanoi (Vietnamese: H Nội; Chinese: 河内), estimated population 3,500,800 (1997), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River. Manufactures include machine tools, plywood, textiles, chemicals, and handicrafts.


Hanoi became the capital of Vietnam in the 7th century. Its Chinese-derived name, Đng Kinh, became Tonkin and was applied by Europeans to the entire region. Hanoi was occupied by the French in 1873 and passed to them ten years later. It became the capital of French Indochina after 1887.


The city was occupied by the Japanese in 1940, and liberated in 1945, when it became the seat of Vietnam's government. From 1946 to 1954, it was the scene of heavy fighting between the French and Viet Minh forces. At that point, the city became the capital of an independent North Vietnam.


During the Vietnam War Hanoi's transportation facilities were disrupted by the bombing of bridges and railways, which were, however, immediately repaired. Following the end of the war, Hanoi became the capital of all Vietnam when North and South Vietnam were united on July 2, 1976.


In the city are the National University of Vietnam (formerly Hanoi University), Ho Chi Minh mausoleum, the National History Museum, the Revolution Museum, and several historic monuments. The National Museum of Fine Art is also located in Hanoi.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hanoi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2288 words)
Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Nội), estimated population 3,083,800 (2004), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976.
In 1408, Vietnam was invaded by Chinese troops from the Ming Dynasty and Đông Đô was renamed Đông Quan (Eastern Gateway) by the Chinese.
Hanoi population are constantly growing, a reflection of the fact that the city is both a major metropolitan of in Northern regions, and also the country political centre.
Hitchhiking Vietnam: Destinations (763 words)
Hanoi means "The City on the Bend in the River".
Hanoi's history is littered with emperors, golden swords, treachery, and beheadings.
Hanoi's old quarter is a window back in space and time, a medieval landscape where entire streets have been dedicated to a single commodity and families hand down their secrets through generations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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