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Encyclopedia > Hannibal Lecter
Hannibal Tetralogy character
Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal Lecter
Birth name Hannibal Lecter (VIII)
Titles Hannibal Lecter, M.D.
Aliases Lloyd Wyman
Dr. Fell
Nickname Hannibal the Cannibal
Gender Male
Race Caucasian
Ancestry Lithuanian nobility (Paternal)
Italian nobility (Maternal)
Relatives Mischa Lecter (Sister)
Count Robert Lecter (Uncle)
Lady Murasaki (Aunt-by-marriage)
M.O. Cannibalism and Torture
Occupation(s) Surgeon, clinical psychiatrist, forensic psychologist, culinary artist, artist, musician, library curator
Created by Thomas Harris
Portrayed by: Brian Cox - Manhunter
Sir Anthony Hopkins - The Silence of the Lambs, Hannibal, Red Dragon
Gaspard Ulliel - Hannibal Rising
Aaran Thomas - Hannibal Rising (child)

Hannibal Lecter is a fictional character in a series of novels by author Thomas Harris. Lecter is introduced in the thriller novel Red Dragon as a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer. This novel and its sequel, The Silence of the Lambs, feature Lecter as one of two primary antagonists. In the third novel, Hannibal, Lecter becomes the main character. His role as protagonist continues into the fourth novel, Hannibal Rising, which explores his childhood and development into a serial killer. Lecter's character also appears in all five film adaptations. The first movie, Manhunter, was loosely based on Red Dragon, and features Brian Cox as Lecter, inexplicably spelled as "Lecktor". In 2002, a second adaptation of Red Dragon was made under the original title, featuring Anthony Hopkins, who had previously played Lecter in the motion pictures The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal. Hopkins won an Academy Award for his performance of the character in The Silence of the Lambs in 1991. Download high resolution version (960x512, 132 KB)Hannibal Lecter as portrayed by Anthony Hopkins. ... For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... This article is about the Male sex. ... For the peoples actually from the Caucasus, see Peoples of the Caucasus. ... Early Lithuanian rulers held the title of didysis kunigaikštis (did-ee-sis kunigaik-sh-tis) (literally great duke), which was equivalent to either grand duke or king. High nobles hold a title of kunigaikštis (duke). ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... In the eleventh century, the rulers of vast regions were known by the title of Count. ... Mischa Lecter is a fictional character that appeared in the novel Hannibal and the upcoming prequel Behind the Mask. ... Gong Li as Lady Murasaki from Hannibal Rising Lady Murasaki Shikibu is a fictional character featured in Thomas Harris novel Hannibal Rising. ... Modus operandi (often used in the abbreviated form MO) is a Latin phrase, approximately translated as mode of operation. ... Cannibal redirects here. ... Torture murder is a loosely defined legal term to describe the process used by murderers who kill their victims by slowly torturing them. ... This article is about the author Thomas Harris. ... This article is about the actor. ... For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... Gaspard Ulliel (born November 25, 1984) is a French film actor and former male fashion model. ... Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... This article is about the author Thomas Harris. ... The thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... This article is about the novel. ... For other uses, see Psychiatrist (disambiguation). ... Cannibal redirects here. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Antagonist (disambiguation). ... Hannibal is a novel by Thomas Harris, a third part of a series involving his iconic psychopathic character Hannibal Lecter. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Manhunter is a 1986 thriller film based on Thomas Harriss novel Red Dragon. ... This article is about the actor. ... It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article entitled Red Dragon (film). ... For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... Hannibal is a 2001 film directed by Ridley Scott, adapted from the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


In 2001, Hannibal Lecter (as portrayed by Hopkins) was voted by The American Film Institute to be the most memorable villain in film history.[1] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bad guy redirects here. ...

Contents

Origin and development

Thomas Harris has given few interviews, and has never explained where he got inspiration for Hannibal Lecter, but in a documentary for Hannibal Rising, Lecter's early murders were said by the filmmakers to be based on murders that Harris had covered when he was a crime scene reporter in the 1960s.


In 1992, Harris also paid a visit to the ongoing trials of Pietro Pacciani, who was suspected of being the serial killer nicknamed the Monster of Florence. Parts of the killer's modus operandi were used as reference for the novel Hannibal, which was released in 1999. Pietro Pacciani ([[]], 1924 - 22 February 1998), was a peasant of Mercatale, San Casciano in Val di Pesa, suspected of being the ill-famed monster of Florence. ... Modus operandi (often used in the abbreviated form MO) is a Latin phrase, approximately translated as mode of operation. ...


Red Dragon firmly states that Lecter does not fit any known psychological profile. However, Lecter's keeper Frederick Chilton claims that Lecter is a "pure sociopath" despite characteristics in his behavior that are inconsistent with the disorder. Lecter's pathosis is explored in greater detail in Hannibal and Hannibal Rising, which explain that he is irreparably traumatized as a child when he witnesses the murder and consumption by desperate military men of his younger sister, Mischa. Offender profiling is a behavioral and investigative tool that helps investigators to profile an unknown subject (unsub) or offender(s). ... Chilton taunts Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs. ... Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by an individuals common disregard for social rules, norms, and cultural codes, as well as impulsive behavior, and indifference to the rights and feelings of others. ... A renal cell carcinoma (chromophobe type) viewed on a hematoxylin & eosin stained slide Pathologist redirects here. ... Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a traumatic event. ... Mischa Lecter is a fictional character that appeared in the novel Hannibal and the upcoming prequel Behind the Mask. ...


Appearance

Hannibal Lecter is described in the novels as being small and sleek, and with wiry strength in his arms.[2] In The Silence of the Lambs it is revealed that Lecter's left hand has the condition called mid ray duplication polydactyly, i.e. a duplicated middle finger.[3] In Hannibal, he performs plastic surgery on his face and has his extra digit removed. This article is about the human congenital disorder (disease). ... For the album by The Huntingtons, see Plastic Surgery (album). ...


Lecter's eyes are a shade of maroon, and reflect the light in "pinpoints of red".[4] He is also said to have small white teeth[5] and dark, slicked-back hair. Maroon is a color related to dark red. ...


Film portrayal

Hannibal "Lecktor", as portrayed by Brian Cox in Manhunter.

Brian Cox portrayed Dr. Lecter in the 1986 film Manhunter. Cox said his characterization was inspired by Scottish serial killer Peter Manuel.[6] Image File history File links Lecktor02. ... This article is about the actor. ... Manhunter is a 1986 thriller film based on Thomas Harriss novel Red Dragon. ... This article is about the actor. ... Manhunter is a 1986 thriller film based on Thomas Harriss novel Red Dragon. ... This article is about the country. ... Peter Manuel (March 1, 1927 – July 11, 1958) was a U.S.-born British serial killer who committed his crimes in Scotland. ...


Anthony Hopkins is the actor most commonly associated with Hannibal Lecter, having portrayed Lecter in three of the character's five film appearances. Hopkins claimed that he drew inspiration for Lecter's voice from HAL-9000, the homicidal computer from Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey.[7] In 1991, Hopkins received the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Silence of the Lambs. For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... HAL 9000 (Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer) is a fictional character in Arthur C. Clarkes Space Odyssey saga. ... Kubrick redirects here. ...


Gaspard Ulliel portrays Lecter as a young man in the 2007 motion picture Hannibal Rising. Ulliel stated that he based his portrayal on Hopkins' and mixed it with his own style. Gaspard Ulliel (born November 25, 1984) is a French film actor and former male fashion model. ... Hannibal Rising is a 2007 feature film thriller, a prequel to Manhunter, its remake Red Dragon, The Silence of the Lambs, and Hannibal. ...


Actor Aaran Thomas portrays Lecter as a child in Hannibal Rising.


Character history

In literature

Hannibal Lecter is introduced in the 1981 novel Red Dragon. He is a brilliant psychiatrist who is incarcerated after he is revealed to be a cannibalistic serial killer. Lecter spends his time during his incarceration writing articles for medical journals. Red Dragon depicts Special Agent Will Graham consulting Lecter to catch serial killer Francis Dolarhyde, known only to law enforcement and media by the pseudonyms "The Tooth Fairy" and later, "The Dragon." It is revealed that Graham was the investigator who captured Lecter, and that Lecter had nearly killed him before being arrested. After receiving a letter from Dolaryhyde, Lecter manages to send Graham's home address to the murderer via a coded letter. Dolarhyde later attacks Graham and his family at home, badly disfiguring Graham before being shot dead by Graham's wife. This article is about the character from Red Dragon. ...


Lecter appears in the 1988 sequel to Red Dragon, The Silence of the Lambs, where he assists a rookie FBI agent named Clarice Starling in catching a serial killer known only as "Buffalo Bill". Lecter and Starling form an unusual relationship in which he provides her with a profile of the killer and his M.O. in exchange for details about her unhappy childhood. Lecter later stages a dramatic, bloody escape from prison and disappears. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Clarice M. Starling is a fictional character in the novels The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal by Thomas Harris. ... Buffalo Bill is a fictional character and the main antagonist featured in the 1988 novel The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris and its 1991 movie adaptation, in which he was played by Ted Levine. ...


Following the success of The Silence of the Lambs and the immense popularity of the character, Harris spent seven years writing a third Lecter novel titled Hannibal, which was released in 1999 and took place seven years after the end of Silence of the Lambs. At the start of the novel, Lecter is found to be residing in Florence, Italy, while Mason Verger, one of Lecter's two surviving victims, is attempting to capture Lecter, planning to feed Lecter to his pigs. Fleeing Verger, Lecter returns to the United States but is subsequently captured by Verger's henchmen, only to be rescued by Starling. Lecter overpowers Starling and using drugs and hypnosis, attempts to transform her into the living image of his long-dead sister; Starling resists, however, and instead becomes his lover. They then elope to Argentina. Hannibal is a novel by Thomas Harris, a third part of a series involving his iconic psychopathic character Hannibal Lecter. ... Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... Mason Verger is a fictional character in the novel Hannibal. ... To elope, most literally, merely means to run away. ...


In 2006, Harris wrote a prequel to the Lecter books entitled Hannibal Rising. Harris undertook the project after Dino De Laurentiis (owner of the cinematic rights to the Lecter character since Manhunter) announced that he was going to make a film depicting Lecter's childhood and development into a serial killer. Harris also wrote the film's screenplay. The story explains that Lecter was born into an aristocratic family in Lithuania in 1933, and that he and his little sister Mischa were orphaned in 1944 when invading Soviet forces stormed the family estate. Shortly thereafter, Lecter and Mischa were captured by a band of Nazi deserters, who murdered and cannibalized Mischa before her brother's eyes. The death of his sister was extremely traumatic to Lecter, causing him to become temporarily mute and sparking his fixation with cannibalism. Lecter escaped from the deserters and took up residence in an orphanage until he was adopted by his uncle Robert and his Japanese wife, Lady Murasaki. As Lecter grew into a young man he formed a close, pseudo-romantic relationship with Murasaki and showed great intellectual aptitude, entering medical school at a relatively young age. Despite his seemingly comfortable life, Lecter was consumed by a savage obsession with the horrific events of his childhood. After gaining his first taste of murder (through eviscerating a rude butcher who had previously insulted Murasaki), Lecter methodically tracked down, murdered and partially cannibalized all of the men responsible for his sister's death, forsaking his relationship with Murasaki and losing all traces of his humanity in the process. The novel ends with Lecter being accepted into the Johns Hopkins Medical Center and moving to the United States. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis, (born August 8, 1919) is an Italian movie producer born at Torre Annunziata in the province of Naples. ... Manhunter is a 1986 thriller film based on Thomas Harriss novel Red Dragon. ... Early Lithuanian rulers held the title of didysis kunigaikštis (did-ee-sis kunigaik-sh-tis) (literally great duke), which was equivalent to either grand duke or king. High nobles hold a title of kunigaikštis (duke). ... Soviet redirects here. ... Selective mutism is a social anxiety disorder in which a person who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak in given situations. ... Cannibal redirects here. ... Murasaki Shikibu (紫 式部 Murasaki Shikibu, c. ... The Dome of the Johns Hopkins Hospital as seen from Broadway. ...


In film

Red Dragon was first adapted to film in 1986 as the Michael Mann film Manhunter. For reasons unknown, the filmmakers changed the spelling of Lecter's name to "Lecktor," who was portrayed by Scottish actor Brian Cox. In 1991, Orion Pictures produced a Jonathan Demme-directed film adaptation of Silence of the Lambs, in which Lecter was played by British actor Anthony Hopkins. Hopkins' Academy Award-winning performance made Lecter into a cultural icon. Hopkins' Lecter remains the shortest lead role to ever win an Oscar, appearing in the movie for a total of only about sixteen and a half minutes. In 2001, Hannibal was adapted to film, with Hopkins reprising his role as Hannibal Lecter. The ending for the film was changed from the novel due to the controversy that the novel's ending generated upon its release in 1999. In the film adaptation, Mischa is never mentioned, and the ending was changed with Starling attempting to apprehend Lecter, instead of them eloping to Argentina. Michael Mann is the name of: Michael Mann (film director) (born 1943) Michael Mann (scientist), climate researcher. ... Manhunter is a 1986 thriller film based on Thomas Harriss novel Red Dragon. ... This article is about the actor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Jonathan Demme (born February 22, 1944, in Baldwin, New York) is an American film director, producer and writer. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... Look up icon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


It has been incorrectly reported that Jodie Foster, who had portrayed Clarice Starling in Silence of the Lambs, made the producers change the ending due to her disappointment with her character in the novel; however, the producers were planning to change the ending even before Foster considered reprising the role. Foster did not play Agent Starling in Hannibal. The role was played by Julianne Moore.[citation needed] In the film Hannibal, Lecter escapes from Starling's custody after cutting off his own hand to free himself from her handcuffs. The choice to cut off his own hand instead of Starling's shows a sympathetic side of Lecter's character with regard to the beautiful agent; mercy that few others in his path enjoyed. Alicia Christian Jodie Foster (born November 19, 1962)[1] is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, director and producer. ...


In 2002, Red Dragon was adapted to film again under it's original title Red Dragon (film), with Anthony Hopkins once again as Lecter and Ed Norton as the FBI Agent Will Graham. It is generally accepted as second best of the Hopkins movies, ahead of Hannibal (film) but not up to the level of Silence of the Lambs. Red Dragon is a 2002 thriller film, based on the novel of the same name written by Thomas Harris featuring the brilliant psychiatrist and serial killer Dr. Hannibal Lecter. ... For the composer, see Antony Hopkins. ... Ed Norton was a character in The Honeymooners Edward James Norton Jr. ... This article is about the character from Red Dragon. ... Hannibal is a 2001 film directed by Ridley Scott, adapted from the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ...


In late 2006, the script for the film Hannibal Rising was adapted to novel format. The novel was written as to explain Lecter's development into a serial killer. The novel and film were panned by critics, and Ulliel's performance was generally regarded as poor.[8]


In other media

Hannibal Lecter has often been the subject of parodies and references in general media. In addition to making an appearance in MAD magazine, Hannibal Lecter has been the subject of parody for several animated television series such as South Park, and The Simpsons. The character has even been parodied in a musical, entitled SILENCE! The Musical. Harvey Kurtzmans cover for the first issue of the comic book Mad Mad is an American humor magazine founded by publisher William Gaines and editor Harvey Kurtzman in 1952. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ AFI's 100 Heroes & Villains. American Film Institute (June 2003). Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  2. ^ The Silence of the Lambs p.16, para. 2: "She could see that he was small, sleek, and in his hands and arms she saw wiry strength like her own".
  3. ^ Silence of the Lambs p.15, para. 2: "Dr. Lecter has six fingers on his left hand".
  4. ^ Silence of the Lambs p.16, para 4: "Dr. Lecter's eyes are maroon, and they reflect the light in pinpoints of red".
  5. ^ The Silence of the Lambs p.17, para. 4: "He tapped his small white teeth against the card and breathed in its smell".
  6. ^ Dr. Hannibal Lecter at the Internet Movie Database
  7. ^ Silence of the Lambs at Rotten Tomatoes
  8. ^ Hannibal Rising at Rotten Tomatoes

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

  • Hannibal Lecter at the Internet Movie Database
  • Information about Hannibal Lecter, with a strong central focus on Manhunter (1986)
  • Crime Library profile of Lecter
  • Hannotations
  • German fanpage with downloads
  • The Hannibal Lecter Studiolo
  • The Hannibal Lecter Studiolo Forum
  • Lecterphiles community on Livejournal

  Results from FactBites:
 
DOCTOR HANNIBAL LECTER (2220 words)
Since Doctor Hannibal Lecter operates upon rational standards, and does so quite explicitly to Clarice Starling and then politely listens to Clarice Starling at the end of HANNIBAL as she does the same for him, that he can rationally communicate to others, then such 'archtyping' is completely inappropriate.
Lecter has just delivered a seminal lecture, he projects a slide showing the execution of one of Pazzi's ancestor's, and as he does so he advances on Pazzi.
In undoing this Lecter frees her and the way is open for her to leave the neurotic attachment to the police and begin romance with Lecter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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