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Encyclopedia > Hannah (Bible)

Hannah (or Chana) (Hebrew: חנה - "Grace [of God]) was a wife of Elkanah and the mother of the prophet Samuel as recorded in the Book of Samuel. Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... There are several persons in the Bible called Elkanah: A Levite, ancestor of a certain Berechiah. ... This article is about the Samuel in the Hebrew Bible. ... The Books of Samuel (Hebrew: Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל), are part of the Tanakh (part of Judaisms Hebrew Bible) and also of the Old Testament (of Christianity). ...


Elkanah's other wife, Peninnah, had provided him with children, but Hannah was childless. Elkanah favored Hannah, but her rival Penninah taunted her because the Lord had not allowed her to bear children yet.


Hannah beseeched God to grant her a child, and vowed to give that child back to God. God granted her request, and she and Elkanah conceived the baby Samuel, whom she gave to the House of the Lord at Shiloh once he had been weaned. From that day, Samuel was in the care of the high priest Eli, living his life as a Nazirite. Shiloh (Hebrew שלה Å Ä«lōh, שלו Å Ä«lô, שילו Šîlô) is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as an assembly place for the people of Israel where there was a sanctuary containing the ark of the covenant until it was taken by the Philistines. ... Eli (עֵלִי Ascent, Standard Hebrew ʿEli, Tiberian Hebrew ʿĒlî) is the name of one of the last Israelite judges before the rule of kings in ancient Israel. ... A Nazirite or Nazarite, Nazir in Hebrew, was a Jew who took an ascetic vow described in the Book of Numbers at 6:1-21. ...


In Judaism she is regarded as the prime role model for how to pray. Hannah's famous prayer in 1 Samuel 2 exalts the Lord's providence, power, sovereignty and holiness. This is read on the first day of Rosh Hashanah as the haftarah. Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people with around 15 million followers as of 2006 [1]. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... Jewish services are the communal prayer recitations which form part of the observance of Judaism. ...


Hannah is also a very common female name and a palindrome. A palindrome is a word, phrase, number or other sequence of units (such as a strand of DNA) that has the property of reading the same in either direction (the adjustment of punctuation and spaces between words is generally permitted). ...


1 Samuel 2 (New International Version)


Hannah's prayer

Hannah's prayer (tefilat chana תפילת חנה)


1 Then Hannah prayed and said: "My heart rejoices in the Lord; in the Lord my horn is lifted high. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. 2 "There is no one holy like the Lord; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God.


3 "Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the Lord is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed.


4 "The bows of the warriors are broken, but those who stumbled are armed with strength.


5 Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry hunger no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away.


6 "The Lord brings death and makes alive; he brings down to the grave and raises up.


7 The Lord sends poverty and wealth; he humbles and he exalts.


8 He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap; he seats them with princes and has them inherit a throne of honor. "For the foundations of the earth are the Lord's; upon them he has set the world.


9 He will guard the feet of his saints, but the wicked will be silenced in darkness. "It is not by strength that one prevails;


10 those who oppose the Lord will be shattered. He will thunder against them from heaven; the Lord will judge the ends of the earth. "He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed."


 
 

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