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Encyclopedia > Hani
Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China.
Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China.
An ethnic Hani girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China.
An ethnic Hani girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China.

The Hani people (own name: Haqniq, Chinese: 哈尼族 Hānízú, Vietnamese: người Hà Nhì) are an ethnic group. They form one of the 56 nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. They also form one of the 54 Vietnamese nationalities. There are 12,500 Hanis living in provinces Lai Chau and Lao Cai of Vietnam. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x585, 137 KB) Summary Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani (哈尼) in China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x585, 137 KB) Summary Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani (哈尼) in China. ... Rice terraces just outside of Yuanyang. ... Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x585, 105 KB) Summary An ethnic Hani (哈尼) girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x585, 105 KB) Summary An ethnic Hani (哈尼) girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. ... Rice terraces just outside of Yuanyang. ... Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Lai-Chau is a province in northwest Vietnam. ... Lao Cai is a city in Vietnam. ...


Over ninety percent of the Hani live in the Southwestern province of Yunnan, scattered across the Ailao Mountains (Chinese: 哀牢山) between the Lancang Jiang (Mekong River) and the Yuan Jiang (Red River, called Lalsa baqma in the Hani language, Chinese: 红河,元江). One half of the population is concentrated in the Yuanjiang Hani, Yi, and Dai Autonomous County Autonomous County (Yuánjiāng Hānízú Yízú Dǎizú zìzhìxiàn 元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县), of which Yuanjiang is the capital. Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... The Aliao Mountains are located in Yunnan, China. ... View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... Flowing from China through Vietnam to the South China Sea, the Red River (Vietnamese Sông Hồng, Chinese Hónghé) is also known as the Yuan Jiang (元江, pinyin yuan2jiang1), which means Primary River. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... Yuanjiang City (沅江, pinyin: Yuánjiāng) is a county-level city of Hunan province, in China. ...



The origins of the Hani are not precisely known, though their ancestors, the ancient Qiang tribe, are believed to have migrated southward from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau prior to the third century AD. The Qiang people (羌族; Pinyin: qiāng zú) are an ethnic group. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake (Koko Nor). ... This article is on historic Tibet. ...


The Hani oral traditions state that they are descended from the Yi people, and that they split off as a separate tribe fifty generations ago. One of their oral traditions is the recital of the names of Hani ancestors from the first Hani family to oneself. The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sū]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ...


Language

The language of the Hani is of the Yi branch of the Tibeto-Burman linguistic family. Oral tradition tells of an ancient written script, tradition says it was lost on the migration from Sichuan. They now use a romanization of the Luchun dialect as a written script.


Sample Text

Hani English
Aqsol liq yoqdeivq yoqpyuq bo, meeqyaovq ssolnei colpyuq qiq kov dei. Davqtavcolssaq neenyuq bel neema meeq ya siq, laongaoq meilnaol nadul meil e gaq ssol hhyul hha bavqduv nia. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

External links

  • Hani gallery
  • The Hani ethnic minority on China.org.cn
  • ハニ和辞典 (Hani-Japanese glossary)


Chinese ethnic groups (classification by PRC government) The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multi-ethnic unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... PRC redirects here. ...

Achang - Bai - Blang - Bonan - Buyei - Chaoxian - Dai - Daur - De'ang - Derung - Dong - Dongxiang - Ewenki - Gaoshan - Gelao - Gin - Han - Hani - Hezhen - Hui - Jingpo - Jino - Kazak - Kirgiz - Lahu - Lhoba - Li - Lisu - Man - Maonan - Miao - Monba - Mongol - Mulao - Naxi - Nu - Oroqen - Pumi - Qiang - Russ - Salar - She - Shui - Tajik - Tatar - Tibetan - Tu - Tujia - Uygur - Uzbek - Va - Xibe - Yao - Yi - Yugur - Zhuang - Undistinguished nationalities The Achang (阿昌族), also known as the Ngacang or Maingtha are an ethnic group. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Banco Africano de Investimentos, present in List of Angolan companies BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany Ferries This page concerning a three-letter acronym or... The Blang (布朗族 : BùlÇŽng Zú) (also spelled Bulong) people are an ethnic group. ... The Bonan (also Baoan) people (保安族; pinyin: bÇŽoān zú) are an ethnic group living in Gansu and Qinghai provinces in northwestern China. ... The Buyei or Bouyei people (Self called: Puyi, Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; pinyin: bùyī Zú) are an ethnic group living in southern China. ... Chaoxianzu Koreans (朝鲜族, CháoxiÇŽn Zú, Korean:조선족, Joseonjok) are ethnic Korean citizens of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... The Daur people are an ethnic group. ... The Deang (德昂族 : Déáng Zú) (also spelled Deang) people are an ethnic group. ... The Derung people (also spelled Drung or Dulong; own name in IPA: [tɯɹɯŋ]; Chinese: 独龙族, Pinyin: Dúlóngzú) are an ethnic group. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Dongxiang people (own name: Sarta or Santa; Simplified Chinese: 东乡族 Traditional Chinese︰東鄉族; Pinyin: Dōngxiāngzú) are an ethnic group closely related to the Mongolians, who practice Islam. ... The Evenks (obsolete: Tungus) are a nomadic indigenous people, one of the Northern Indigenous Peoples (pop. ... A Rukai village Chief visiting the Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ... The Gelao people (own name: Klau, Chinese: 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú) are an ethnic group. ... Gin, or Jing Nationality (京族; Pinyin: jÄ«ngzú) is the name given to ethnic Vietnamese living in China. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hezhen people (also called Hezhe, Nanai, Gold/Goldi, Samagir; own names in IPA: [xÉ™dÊ‘É™n], [nanio] and [kilÉ™n]; Chinese: 赫哲族, Hèzhézú) are an ethnic group. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Jingpo or Kachin people (Chinese: 景颇族 Jǐngpōzú; own names: Jingpo, Tsaiva, Lechi) are an ethnic group who largely inhabit northern Myanmar (Kachin State). ... The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (Chinese: 基诺族 JÄ«nuòzú; own name: tÉ•yno or kino) are an ethnic group. ... The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazak or Qazaq), (in Kazakh: Қазақ []; in Russian: Казах; English term is the transliteration from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also found in parts of Russia and China). ... A traditional Kyrgyz Manaschi performing part of the Manas epic poem at a yurt camp in Karakol Kyrgyz are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... The Lahu people (Chinese: 拉祜族 Lāhùzú; own names: Ladhulsi or Kawzhawd) are an ethnic group. ... With a population of just 2,300, the Lhoba (珞巴) are one of the smallest officially recognized ethnic groups in China. ... Li (黎 pinyin Lí) is a minority Chinese ethnic group. ... The Lisu people are an ethnic group who inhabit Myanmar (Burma) China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... The Maonan people are an ethnic group. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lumyo), are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially... The Monpa (门巴) are an ethnic group in the Peoples Republic of China, with a population of 50,000, centered in the districts of Tawang and West Kameng. ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. ... The Mulao people are an ethnic group. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... The Nu people (own names: Nusu, Anung, Zauzou; Chinese: 怒族; pinyin: nù zú) are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Oroqen people(鄂伦春族) are an ethnic group in northern China. ... The Pumi people (Chinese: 普米族 Pǔmǐzú, own name: /phʐẽmi/) are an ethnic group. ... The Qiang people (羌族; Pinyin: qiāng zú) are an ethnic group. ... Russians (Russian: Русские - Russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries. ... The Salar people are an ethnic group in eastern Qinghai and southwestern Gansu. ... The She (畲) people are an ethnic group. ... The Shui people are an ethnic group. ... The Tajiks are one of the principal ethnic groups of Central Asia, and are primarily found in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Pakistan, and the Xinjiang province of China. ... Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар) (Persian: تاتار) is a collective name applied to the Turkic people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... The Tibetan people are a people living in Tibet and some surrounding areas. ... The Tu (土) people are an ethnic group. ... The Tujia (土家族) are an ethnic group numbering about 8 million, living in the Wuling Mountains of Chinas Hunan and Hubei provinces. ... The Uyghur (Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Turkish: Uygur; Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; Hanyu Pinyin: ) are a Turkic-speaking ethnic group living in northwestern China, mainly in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, where they are the largest ethnic group, together with Han Chinese, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Turks, and Russians. ... The Va nationality (also spelled Wa; Chinese: 佤族 WÇŽzú; own names: Va, Ava, Parauk, i. ... The Xibe (Sibe; Chinese, 錫伯 Xíbó) are a Chinese ethnic group living mostly in northeast China and Xinjiang. ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: Dao) are an ethnic group. ... The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sÅ«]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ... The Yugur people are an ethnic group. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... Undistinguished nationalities (未识别民族: Wèi Shíbié Mínzú) are ethnic groups in the Peoples Republic of China that have not been recognized among or classified within the official 56 Nationalities of China. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
HANI's Honey: Shrine of Honesty of Sorts (0 words)
It's forty minutes away from the end of a long, tedious class.
I nearly skipped this stupid class, but I told myself, "Hani, it's regression, and you have to understand how to do regression, so you must attend the class and resist the urge to strangle your classmates."
So here I am, fighting against all urges to kick idiotic people out of the class before they irreparably harm computers they don't know how to use.
The 4th International Hani/Akha Culture Studies conference (1278 words)
The traditional Hani village generally has a basic format with a dense forest as its cap; a bamboo filled hollow beside it with water flowing the year round; and terraced fields at its foot, stretching to the river banks.
Hani terraced fields distribute in Yuanyang, Honghe, Luchun and Jinping Counties, in where Hani People inhabit in compact community, and connecting terraced fields are seen from mountain to mountain with great momentum.
Hani culture is a terraced-field-agricultural civilization, which has a perfect agriculture system and an agro-worship system as well, the concept of worship is built on the basis that man and nature are in harmony, countless terraced fields are an evidence of this belief
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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