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Encyclopedia > Handley Page Halifax
Halifax
Handley Page Halifax B.III
Type Heavy bomber
Manufacturer Handley Page
Maiden flight 24 September 1939
Introduced November 1940
Retired 1961 (Pakistani Air Force)
Primary users Royal Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal New Zealand Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
Produced 1940-1946
Number built 6,176

The Handley Page Halifax was one of the British front-line, four-engine heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. A contemporary of the famous Avro Lancaster, the Halifax remained in service until the end of the war, performing a variety of duties in addition to bombing. The Halifax was also operated by squadrons of the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and Polish Air Force. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 56 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Halifax Mark 3 bomber, source: http://www. ... The B-52 Stratofortress, a heavy bomber. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The Handley Page Aircraft Company was founded by Frederick Handley Page in 1909. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (Pakistan Fizaya in Urdu) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The B-52 Stratofortress, a heavy bomber. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engine Second World War bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the British Royal Air Force (RAF). ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Flag of the Polish Air Force Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Siły Powietrzne RP). ...

Contents

Design and development

Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". Other candidates for the specification were the Avro Manchester and a Vickers Warwick development; all used twin Rolls-Royce Vulture engines. The introduction of the successful P.13/36 candidates were delayed by the necessity of ordering more Whitley and Wellington bombers first. The Handley Page Aircraft Company was founded by Frederick Handley Page in 1909. ... The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... This is a partial list of the British Air Ministry specifications for aircraft. ... The Avro 679 Manchester was a twin-engined heavy bomber developed during World War II by the Avro aircraft company in the United Kingdom. ... The Vickers Warwick was a transport, anti-submarine patrol and air-sea rescue aircraft of the RAF during World War II. Vickers Warwick The Warwick was designed in response to Air Ministry specification B.1/35 for a two-engined heavy (by the standards of the day) bomber to replace... The Rolls-Royce Vulture (and the related Peregrine) were aircraft engines, and probably the least successful power units ever produced by Rolls-Royce. ...


Performance with the Vulture was found to be lacking. Modifications resulted in the definitive H.P.57 which upon acceptance gained the name "Halifax" following the practice of naming heavy bombers after major towns; in this case Halifax, West Yorkshire. The HP.57 was enlarged and powered by four 1,280 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin X engines. Such was the promise of the new model that the RAF had placed their first order for 100 Mk I Halifaxes "off the drawing board" before the first prototype even flew. The maiden flight of the Halifax took place on 24 September 1939, 21 days after the UK declared war on Germany. Halifax is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England, with a population of about 82,000. ... The Merlin was a 12 cylinder, 60° V, 27 litre, liquid cooled piston aircraft engine built during World War II by Rolls-Royce and under licence in the United States by Packard. ... (Redirected from 24 September) September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1939: Events January January 12 - the RAF Auxiliary Air Force Reserve is formed February February 9 - Alex Henshaw sets a new speed record for the round trip between England and Cape Town in 4 days 10 minutes in a Percival Mew...


The Halifax production subsequently began at English Electric's site at Samlesbury, Lancashire with over 2,000 bombers being built at the factory during the war. English Electric logo English Electric was a 20th-century British industrial manufacturer, initially of electric motors, and expanding to include railway locomotives and aviation, before becoming part of GEC. // 1917: Dick, Kerr & Co. ... Samlesbury is a small village in the South Ribble area of Lancashire. ... Lancashire is a county in North West England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ...


The Mk I had a 22 ft long bomb bay as well as six bomb cells in the wings, enabling it to carry 13,000 lb (5,897 kg) of bombs. Defensive armament consisted of two .303-in Browning machine guns in a Boulton Paul Type C nose turret, and four in BP Type E tail turret and, in some aircraft, two Vickers K guns in beam positions. The Merlins drove constant speed wooden screw Rotol propellors. Subtle modifications distinguished the Mk I aircraft. The first batch (of 50) Mk I Halifaxes were designated Mk I Series I. The Halifax Mk I series had a serious flaw in the design of its tail units that caused it to go into a steep, uncontrollable spin if the aeroplane lost engine power from two engines on the same wing aircraft[1] or it was flung about vigorously. This fault undoubtedly caused a number of fatal crashes.[citation needed] The Browning M1919 was a . ... Boulton Paul Defiant Boulton Paul Aircraft Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer that operated between 1914 and 1961. ... 203. ... Rotol was a British company set up jointly by Rolls-Royce and the Bristol Aeroplane Company during World War Two for the manufacture of aircraft propellers. ...


These were followed by 25 of the Mk I Series II with increased gross weight (from 58,000 lb to 60,000 lb) but with maximum landing weight unchanged at 50,000 lbs. The Mk I Series III had increased fuel capacity (1,882 gallons), and larger oil coolers to accept the Merlin XX. A two-gun BP Type C turret mounted dorsally replaced the beam guns.


Introduction of 1,390 hp Merlin XX engines and a twin .303-in dorsal turret instead of waist guns resulted in the B Mk II Series I Halifax. The Mk II Series I (Special) achieved improved performance by removing the nose and dorsal turrets. The Mk II Series IA had a moulded Perspex nose (the standard for future Halifax variants), a four-gun Defiant-type dorsal turret, Merlin 22 engines and larger vertical tail surfaces which solved control deficiencies (rudder-stall) in the early Marks. Halifax IIs were built by English Electric and Handley Page; 200 and 100 aircraft repsectively. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or poly (methyl 2-methylpropenoate) is the synthetic polymer of methyl methacrylate. ... A pair of 264 Squadron Defiants. ...


Due to a shortage in Messier-built landing gear and hydraulics Dowty landing gear were used. Being incompatible with the Messier equipment these gave Halifaxes with new designations. A Mark II built with Dowty gear was the Mark V. The use of castings rather than forgings in the Dowty undercarriage speeded production but resulted in a reduced landing weight of 40,000 lb. The Mark V were built by Rootes at Speke and Fairey at Stockport and were generally used by Coastal Command and for training. Some 904 were built by the time Mark V production ended at the start of 1944.[2] compared to of 1,966 Mk II. Sir George H Dowty (1901-1975) was a British inventor and businessman. ... Speke is a district of Liverpool, England. ... The Fairey Aviation Company, Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century, notable for a number of important planes, including the Fairey III family and the Fairey Swordfish. ... Stockport is a large town in the north west of England. ...


The most numerous Halifax variant was the B Mk III of which 2,091 were built. First appearing in 1943, the Mk III featured the Perspex nose and modified tail of the Mk II Series IA but replaced the Merlin with the more powerful 1,650 hp Bristol Hercules XVI radial engine. Other changes included de Havilland Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing tips. The Mk IV was a non-production design using a turbocharged Hercules powerplant. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1943: Events January January 27 - the USAAF makes its first daylight raid on Germany January 30 - Royal Air Force de Havilland Mosquitos make the first daylight air-raid on Berlin January 30-31 – the H2S radar is used by RAF... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ...


The definitive version of the Halifax was the B Mk VI, powered by the 1,800 hp Hercules 100. The final bomber version, the Mk VII, reverted to the less powerful Hercules XVI. However, these variants were produced in relatively small quantities.


The remaining variants were the C Mk VIII unarmed transport (8,000 lb cargo pannier instead of a bomb bay, space for 11 passengers) and the Mk A IX paratroop transport (space for 16 paratroopers and gear). A transport/cargo version of the Halifax was also produced, known as the Handley Page Halton. An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... The Handley Page Halifax was one of the British front-line, four-engine heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. ...


Total Halifax production was 6,176 with the last aircraft delivered in November 1946. In addition to Handley Page, Halifaxes were built by English Electric, Fairey Aviation, Rootes Motors (Rootes Securities Ltd.) and the London Aircraft Production Group. Peak production resulted in one Halifax being completed every hour. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1946: // Events January January 1 - a British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian becomes the first commercial flight to depart Heathrow Airport January 10 - a Sikorsky R5 sets an unofficial helicopter altitude record of 6,400 m (21,000 ft) at Stratford... The Handley Page Aircraft Company was founded by Frederick Handley Page in 1909. ... English Electric logo English Electric was a 20th-century British industrial manufacturer, initially of electric motors, and expanding to include railway locomotives and aviation, before becoming part of GEC. // 1917: Dick, Kerr & Co. ... The Fairey Aviation Company, Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century based in Heyes (Middlesex) and Heaton Chapel/Ringway in Greater Manchester. ... The Rootes Group is a now-defunct British automobile manufacturer. ...


Operational service

The Halifax entered service with No. 35 Squadron RAF at RAF Linton on Ouse in November 1940 and its first operational raid was against Le Havre on the night of 11-12 March 1941. No. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1940: Events March March 16 - Britain suffers its first civilian air-raid casualties of the war after a raid by KG 26 on Scapa Flow March 25 - the US government grants permission to the countrys aircraft manufacturers to sell advanced... Le Havre is a city in Normandy, northern France, on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Seine. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (72nd in leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1941: Events Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic Ocean. ...


In service with RAF Bomber Command, Halifaxes flew 82,773 operations, dropped 224,207 tons of bombs and lost 1,833 aircraft. [3] In addition to bombing missions, the Halifax served as a glider tug, electronic warfare aircraft for No. 100 Group RAF and special operations such as parachuting agents and arms into occupied Europe. Halifaxes were also operated by RAF Coastal Command for anti submarine warfare, reconnaissance and meteorological roles. Bomber Command badge RAF Bomber Command was the organisation that controlled the RAFs bomber forces. ... Gliders or Sailplanes are heavier-than-air aircraft primarily intended for unpowered flight. ... Electronic warfare (EW) has three main components: Electronic Attack (EA) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. ... No. ... Skydiver about to land Parachuting, or skydiving, is an activity involving the breaking of a free-fall from a height using a parachute. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Coastal Command was an organization within the Royal Air Force tasked with protecting the United Kingdom from naval threats. ... If you were searching for A/S, you might have meant aksjeselskap, a Norwegian stock company form. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ...


Postwar, Halifaxes remained in service with the RAF Coastal Command and RAF Transport Command and the Armée de l'Air until early 1952. The Pakistan Air Force which inherited the planes from the RAF continued to use the type until 1961. Coastal Command was an organization within the Royal Air Force tasked with protecting the United Kingdom from naval threats. ... RAF Transport Command was an RAF Command which controlled all transport aircraft of the air force. ... The familiar French military aviation roundel gave rise to similar roundels for air forces all over the world, including that of the United Kingdom (RAF), which reversed the colors on the French roundel. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1952: // Events January January 5 - Pan Am commences trans-atlantic freight services. ... Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Afzal Tahir... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


Variants

Halifax B.II Series I (Special) W1057, ZA-X, No. 10 Squadron RAF, with a faired-over nose. During April-May 1942, this aircraft took part in a number of raids on the German battleship Tirpitz in Fættenfjord near Trondheim, Norway.
Halifax Mk VII NA337

Handley Page Halifax II Series I Heavy Bomber. ... Handley Page Halifax II Series I Heavy Bomber. ... No. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (999x1335, 541 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (999x1335, 541 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Pre-Halifax designs

HP.55
Proposed twin-engine bomber aircraft, never built.
H.P.56
Proposed twin-engine bomber aircraft, fitted with two Rolls-Royce Vulture engines, never built.

H.P.57

H.P.57
The first Halifax prototype
Halifax Mk.I
The second prototype.
Halifax B.I Series I
Four-engined long-range heavy-bomber aircraft; the first production version.
Halifax B.I Series II
Stressed for operating at a higher gross weight.
Halifax B.I Series III
Re-engined with Merlin XX engines, introduced new upper turret in place of beam guns, with revised undercarriage and additional centre-section fuel tanks.

The Merlin was a 12 cylinder, 60° V, 27 litre, liquid cooled piston aircraft engine built during World War II by Rolls-Royce and under licence in the United States by Packard. ...

H.P.58

Halifax Mk II
Projected variant with revised armament including 20-mm cannons and no tail turret. Due to problems with the new armament the project was cancelled and the Mk II designation given to HP.59.

H.P.59

Halifax Mk II
New variant with increased takeoff weight, fuel and weapons carriage.
Halifax B.II Series I
First series of the bomber variant; from March 1942 onwards, these were fitted with TR1335 navigation aids.
Hailfax B.II Series I (Special), SOE
Special version for Special Operations Executive (SOE) used to drop supplies over Europe. Nose armament and dorsal turret removed, the nose being faired over, as well as changes to the fuel went pipes and exhaust shrouds.
Hailfax B.II Series I (Special)
Generally similar to the aircraft used by the SOE, these were employed in the bombing role. These aircraft were more varied in appearance, especially concerning the fitting of dorsal armament with some aircraft retaining the standard Boulton Paul "Type C" turret in different mounts with others mounting a "Type A" -turret. There were also examples with no dorsal turret, similar to the SOE-aircraft.
Halifax B.II Series IA
Modified with new glazed nose section, new radiators and new "D" fin and rudder. The dorsal turret was changed to a four-gun Boulton Paul Type A Mk VIII, and there were improvements to the bomb bay door sealing. Some aircraft were fitted with the H2S radar.
Halifax B.II Series I, Freighter
A few Mk IIs were employed in the transport role in Great Britain (unmodified SOE-aircraft) and in the Middle East (simple modifications to allow carriage of engines or Spitfire fuselages).
Halifax B.II Series II
Single aircraft (HR756) modified with three-blade Rotol propellers and Merlin 22 engines. Rejected in favour of Mk III.
Halifax A.II
According to some sources, a handful of the airborne forces Halifaxes were converted into B.IIs. If this is true they might have been designated A.II or may have retained their bomber designations.[4]
Halifax GR.II
Coastal Command variant of the Halifax B.II.
Halifax GR.II Series I
A handful of aircraft converted from Series I or Special to GR.II standard, having differences in dorsal armament. The main difference was the fitting of a ASV.Mk 3 radar in a H2S type fairing. Sometimes, a .50 calibre machine gun was fitted in the faired nose.
Halifax GR.II Series IA
Definitive Coastal Command variant of the GR.II with glazed nose mounting .50 calibre machine gun, Merlin XX or 22 engines, B-P A-type dorsal turret and extra long-range fuel tanks in fuselage. A ventral turret holding a single .50 machine gun was mounted on most aircraft although some employed the ASV.Mk 3 radar in its place.
Halifax Met.II
Some sources suggest that there were a meteorological variant of the B.II, designated Met.II, but this is unlikely.[5]

GEE (short for Grid and pronounced simply as G) or AMES Type 7000 was a British radio navigation system used during World War II; the ideas in GEE were developed by the Americans into the LORAN system. ... The Special Operations Executive (SOE), sometimes referred to as the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organization initiated by Winston Churchill and Hugh Dalton in July 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... Boulton Paul Defiant Boulton Paul Aircraft Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer that operated between 1914 and 1961. ... An early H2S picture of the Pembroke and Milford Haven area The H2S radar was used in bombers of RAF Bomber Command. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used primarily by the RAF and many Allied countries through the Second World War and into the 1950s. ... Rotol was a British company set up jointly by Rolls-Royce and the Bristol Aeroplane Company during World War Two for the manufacture of aircraft propellers. ... Coastal Command was an organization within the Royal Air Force tasked with protecting the United Kingdom from naval threats. ...

H.P.61

Halifax B.III
Main production variant, fitted with Bristol Hercules engines.
Halifax A.III
Halifax B.III bombers converted into glider tug and paratroop transport aircraft.
Halifax C.III
Halifax B.III bombers converted into military transport aircraft.

Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ...

H.P.63

Halifax B.V Series I (Special)
Halifax A.V
Halifax B.V bombers converted into glider tugs and paratroop transport aircraft.
Halifax GR.V
Coastal Command variant. Halifax B.V bombers converted into maritime reconnaissance aircraft.
Halifax B.VI
Halifax C.VI
Halifax B.VI bombers converted into military transport aircraft.
Halifax GR.VI
Coastal Command variant. Halifax B.VI bombers converted into maritime reconnaissance aircraft.
Halifax B.VII
Four-engined long-range heavy-bomber, powered by four 1,615-hp (1204-kW) Bristol Hercules XVI radial engines.
Halifax A.VII
Halifax B.VIIs converted into paratroop transport and glider tug aircraft.
Hailfax C.VII
Halifax B.VIIs bombers converted into military transport aircraft.

H.P.70

Halifax C.VIII
Cargo and passenger transport aircraft.

H.P.71

Halifax A.IX
Paratroop transport, glider tug aircraft.

H.P.70 Halton

Halton I
Interim civil transport version; postwar, a number of Hailfax bombers were converted into civilian transport aircraft.
Halton II
VIP transport aircraft for the Maharajah Gaekwar of Baroda.

Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-most populated town in Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat (the three towns with a population of over 1 million in Gujarat). ...

Operators

Halifax Operators

An Australian Halifax at RAF Foulsham in 1945
 Australia
 Canada
 Egypt
 France
 New Zealand
 Pakistan
 Poland
 United Kingdom

Image File history File linksMetadata 462_Sqn_(AWM_P01523033). ... Image File history File linksMetadata 462_Sqn_(AWM_P01523033). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... A No. ... No. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt_1922. ... Egyptian Air Force Insignia The Egyptian Air Force, or EAF (Arabic: ‎, ), is the aviation branch of the Egyptian armed forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The French Air Force is the air force branch of the French Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan_(bordered). ... Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Afzal Tahir... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... The Polish Air Forces (Polskie Siły Powietrzne) was a name of Polish Air Forces formed in France and the United Kingdom during World War II. The core of the Polish air units fighting alongside the allies were experienced veterans of Polish September Campaign of 1939 and they largely contributed... No. ... No. ... No. ... No. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...

Halton Operators

British India
  • Maharajah Gaekwar of Baroda
 United Kingdom
  • Air Freight
  • Alpha Airways
  • BOAC
  • Bond Air Services
  • British American Air Services
  • Chartair
  • Eagle Aviation
  • Lancashire Aircraft
  • London Aero and Motor Services, (LAMS)
  • Payloads
  • Skyflight
  • Westminister Air services

Image File history File links Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ...

Survivors

Halifax cutaway model at the London Science Museum
The 35 Sqn Halifax II, W1048, being recovered from Lake Hoklingen, Norway, in 1973

There are only two fully restored Halifax bombers in the world. One is a composite aircraft located at the Yorkshire Air Museum, on the site of the Second World War airfield, RAF Elvington. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1193x360, 79 KB) Summary Author Michael J Young Taken at the London Science Museum Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1193x360, 79 KB) Summary Author Michael J Young Taken at the London Science Museum Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Science Museum The Science Museum on Exhibition Road, Kensington, London, is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Halifax_II_W1048_TL-S_Being_Recovered_From_Lake_Hoklingen_Norway_1973. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Halifax_II_W1048_TL-S_Being_Recovered_From_Lake_Hoklingen_Norway_1973. ... The Yorkshire Air Museum, (RAF Elvington airfield during the World War II), is an air museum in the United Kingdom. ... RAF Elvington was the only airfield in the United Kingdom used by the remainder of the Free French Air Force, flying Halifax heavy bombers, during World War II. After the war the airfield was extended for use by the United States Air Force but was never used. ...


The other Halifax, RCAF NA337, was retrieved from the bottom of Lake Mjøsa in Norway in 1995 after being shot down in April 1945. It was brought back to Canada and restoration was completed in 2005. NA337 is a Halifax A Mk VII Special Duties aircraft built by Rootes Motors, Liverpool and resides at RCAF Memorial Museum at CFB Trenton in Trenton, Ontario, near Kingston, Ontario. The RCAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force with a maple leaf, a symbol of Canada in the centre. ... Map of Mjøsa with cities Lillehammer (North), Gjøvik (West), and Hamar (East) Mjøsa is Norways largest lake. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canadian Forces Base Trenton, also referred to as CFB Shitstorm CFB Trenton, 8 Wing Trenton or Loser Airport is a Canadian Forces Base located in Trenton, Ontario. ... Dundas Street, the main road in Trenton, Ontario. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ...


A third Halifax, the Mk II Serial Number W 1048, which was recovered from Lake Hoklingen in Norway where it crashed after being damaged in an attack on the German battleship Tirpitz, was recovered by a "sub aqua" team from the RAF in 1973. It is displayed in its "as recovered" condition in the Bomber Command display at the Royal Air Force Museum at Hendon in London. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... An Avro Lancaster in the main hangar of the RAF Museum London The Royal Air Force Museum (RAF Museum) is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation, and the British Royal Air Force in particular. ... For other places with the same name, see Hendon (disambiguation). ...


On 26 November 2006, archaeologists from the Warsaw Uprising Museum, Poland, unearthed remains of another Halifax (JP276 "A") from No. 148 RAF Squadron, which was found in southern Poland, near the city of Dąbrowa Tarnowska. It was shot down on the night 4-5 August 1944 while returning from the "air-drop-action" during the Warsaw Uprising. November 26 is the 330th day (331st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Kotwica The Warsaw Uprising Museum, located in Warsaw, Poland, is a Museum dedicated to the Warsaw Uprising. ... DÄ…browa Tarnowska is a town in Poland, in MaÅ‚opolska Voivodship, about 20 kilometers north of Tarnów. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski #, Antoni ChruÅ›ciel #, Tadeusz PeÅ‚czyÅ„ski Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops (10,000 armed) 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed...


Specifications (Mk III)

3-view projection of Halifax Mark I Series III, with profile details of other significantly different variants.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7
  • Length: 71 ft 7 in (21.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 104 ft 2 in [6] (31.75 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m)
  • Wing area: 1,190 ft² (110.6 m²)
  • Loaded weight: 54,400 lb (24,675 kg)
  • Powerplant: × Bristol Hercules XVI radial engines, 1,615 hp (1,205 kW) each

Performance

Armament

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Handley Page Halifax ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Handley Page Halifax ... The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... The radial engine is an internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders point outward from a central crankshaft like the spokes on a wheel. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... In aerodynamics, wing loading is the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of the wing. ... Power-to-weight ratio is a measure commonly used when comparing various vehicles (or engines), including automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft. ... .303 cartridge The . ... The Browning M1919 was a . ... The Vickers K gun known as the Vickers Gas Operated (VGO) in British service, was a rapid firing machine gun developed for use by observers in aircraft. ...

References

  1. ^ Barnes, Handley Page aircraft from 1907
  2. ^ Barnes, C.H. Handley Page Aircraft since 1907. London: Putnam, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-803-8.
  3. ^ Wings Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Orbis Publishing, 1979.
  4. ^ Lake 1997, p. 131.
  5. ^ Lake 1997, p. 132.
  6. ^ early MKs had span of less than 100 ft to fit through standard hangar doors
  • Halifax at War: The Story of a Bomber (76 min. DVD). Toronto: Nightfighters Productions Inc., 2005. ISBN 1-55259-571-4.
  • Lake, Jon. Halifax Variants. "Wings of Fame, vol. 8". London: Aerospace Publishing, 1997. ISBN 1-86184-009-8.
  • Stachiw, Anthony L. and Tattersall, Andrew. Handley Page Halifax. St. Catharine's Ontario: Vanwell Publishing Limited, 2005. ISBN 1-55125-085-3.

External links

  • Handley Page Halifax
  • British Aircraft Directory entry
  • Halifax Bomber Crews and Their Experiences
  • The Story of Halifax NA337
  • The Handley Page Halifax website

Related content

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Handley Page Halifax

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Comparable aircraft

Designation sequence

H.P.53 - H.P.54 - H.P.56, 57 - H.P.59 - H.P.61 - HP.62 - H.P.63 - H.P.67 - H.P.68 - H.P.70, 71 - HP.75 - HP.80 - HP.81 - HP.82 - The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engine Second World War bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the British Royal Air Force (RAF). ... The Stirling was a World War II heavy bomber design built by Short Brothers. ... The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was an American heavy bomber that was produced in greater numbers than any other American combat aircraft during World War II and still holds the record as the most produced allied aircraft. ... The Handley Page HP.52 Hampden was a twin-engine medium bomber of the Royal Air Force that was one of the main front-line bombers at the start of World War II. Along with the Whitley and Wellington bombers, the Hampden bore the brunt of the early bombing war... The name Harrow was given to two aircraft manufactured by Handley Page: Handley Page H.P.31 Harrow, a single-engine torpedo-bomber of the 1920s Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow, a twin-engine heavy bomber of the 1930s Category: ... The Handley Page HP.52 Hampden was a twin-engine medium bomber of the Royal Air Force that was one of the main front-line bombers at the start of World War II. Along with the Whitley and Wellington bombers, the Hampden bore the brunt of the early bombing war... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ... The Manx during testing, 1943. ... The Handley Page Victor was a British jet bomber aircraft, one of the V bombers intended to carry Britains nuclear arsenal. ... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ...

Related lists

Many aircraft types have served in the Royal Air Force since it was formed in 1918 by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service. ...

Strategic bombing during World War II by the Royal Air Force
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RAF Bomber CommandBomber CommandStrategic bombingAerial bombing of citiesButt reportdehousing paper
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  Results from FactBites:
 
RCAF.com : The Aircraft : Handley-Page HALIFAX (374 words)
The Halifax unlike the Lancaster was called upon to serve in a variety of roles including glider towing, maritime patrol and casualty evacuation.
The Halifax design stemmed from the same ministry request that produced the Avro Manchester.
The Halifax was perhaps overshadowed by its larger cousin in Bomber Command, the Avro Lancaster, but many Canadian crews were more than satisfied with the aircraft type and the type was perhaps Canada's most important bomber in World War II.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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