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Encyclopedia > Handheld game console

A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. Unlike video game consoles, the controls, screen and speakers are all part of a single unit. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, several companies--including Coleco and Milton-Bradley--made lightweight table-top or handheld electronic game devices. Today, these machines are not considered strictly consoles, since they often would only play a single game. The first true handheld game console with interchangeable cartridges was the Milton Bradley Microvision in 1979. Nintendo has dominated the handheld market since the release of the Game Boy in 1989, and is often credited as popularizing the handheld console concept. Electronics is the study of the flow of charge through various materials and devices such as, semiconductors, resistors, inductors, capacitors, nano-structures, and vacuum tubes. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc. ... Coleco (1932 - 1989) was a company founded in 1932 by Maurice Greenberg as Connecticut Leather Company. It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids and, to a lesser extent, for its video game consoles Coleco Telstar and ColecoVision. ... Milton Bradley (1836 - 1911) was a game pioneer, credited by many with launching the game industry in North America. ... Handheld electronic games are very small, portable devices for playing interactive games, often miniaturized versions of video games. ... In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Microvision The Microvision was a hand-held game console released by Milton Bradley Company in 1979. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The Game Boy ) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo,[1] released in 1989 at US$89. ...

Contents

History

Origins

The first handheld game console to use interchangeable game cartridges was the Microvision, designed by Smith Engineering, and distributed and sold by Milton-Bradley in 1979. A small screen and a minuscule selection of games (only thirteen) led to its demise only two years later. Today, working Microvisions are quite rare. The keypad could be easily damaged and the LCD technology of the late 1970s was poor, leading to liquid crystal leaking and darkening. In 1983, Palmtex released the Home-Computer Software Super Micro Cartridge System. Only three games were made for it. Microvision The Microvision was a hand-held game console released by Milton Bradley Company in 1979. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ...


Early 1990s

The early 1990s saw the relaunch of the handheld game console pillar of the video game market after the demise of the Microvision. As backlit LCD game consoles with color graphics consume a lot of power, they were not battery friendly like the non-backlit original Game Boy with monochrome graphics which allowed more battery life. During this timeframe, rechargeable battery technology was not yet mature thereby rendering the advanced game consoles of the time such as the Game Gear and Atari Lynx marketing flops in the handheld video game market. It has been suggested that secondary cell be merged into this article or section. ... The Sega Game Gear was Segas first portable gaming system. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... The computer and video games industry has seen several commercial failures since its birth in the late 1970s, some of which have drastically changed the video game market. ...


Even though third-party rechargeable batteries were available for the battery-hungry alternatives to the Game Boy, they had to be discharged before being recharged since they were in Nickel cadmium format. NiMH batteries, which do not require discharging before recharging, would not be released until the late 90's, well after the Game Gear, Atari Lynx, and the original Game Boy had been discontinued. During the time when technologically superior handhelds had strict technical limitations, batteries had a very low mAh rating since batteries with heavy power density were not yet available. The nickel-cadmium battery (commonly abbreviated NiCd or NiCad) is a popular type of rechargeable battery for portable electronics and toys. ... NIMH or NiMH may refer to: National Institute of Mental Health, a part of the United States National Institutes of Health. ... An ampere-hour (abbreviated as Ah or A-h) is a unit of electric charge. ...


Since game systems of today have rechargeable Li-Ion batteries with proprietary shapes, such as the Nintendo DS and Sony PlayStation Portable, handheld video game consoles of today are doing much better than the ones from the past. Unlike the aforementioned current-generation consoles, the GP2X uses standard alkaline batteries. Since the mAh rating of batteries has gone up to a high quantity, some lower end handhelds of today like the GP2X only need a couple of AA batteries for power. Li-Ion Camera Battery Lithium ion batteries (or Li-ion) have become very common and dropped in price recently. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... PlayStation Portable PSP shown with Value Pack retail box including accessories. ... The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... Alkaline batteries A Duracell AA alkaline battery 2 Duracell-Brand AAA Alkaline batteries Alkaline batteries are a type of power cell dependent upon the reaction between zinc and manganese dioxide (Zn/MnO2). ...


Game Boy

Main article: Game Boy
The original Game Boy.

It was not until five years later that Nintendo released the Game Boy. The design team headed by the late Gunpei Yokoi had also been responsible for the Game & Watch system, as well as the Nintendo Entertainment System games Metroid and Kid Icarus. The Game Boy came under scrutiny by some industry critics, saying that the monochrome screen was too small, and the processing power was inadequate. The design team had felt that low initial cost and battery economy were more important concerns, and when compared to the Microvision, the Game Boy was a huge leap forward. The Game Boy ) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo,[1] released in 1989 at US$89. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x800, 26 KB)Nintendo Gameboy, picture by me fdgsf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x800, 26 KB)Nintendo Gameboy, picture by me fdgsf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ball (Silver), 1980. ... “NES” redirects here. ... Metroid ) is the first game in the Metroid series of video games. ... For the title character, see Pit (Kid Icarus). ...


Yokoi recognized that the Game Boy needed a killer app – at least one game that would define the console, and persuade customers to buy it. In June 1988, Minoru Arakawa, then-CEO of Nintendo of America saw a demonstration of the game Tetris at a trade show. Nintendo purchased the rights for the game, and packaged it with the Game Boy system. It was almost an immediate hit. By the end of the year more than a million units were sold, and 25 million were sold by 1992. The original Game Boy (along with the Game Boy Pocket, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance) is the best selling game console ever, having sold more than 197.55 million units.[1][2] A killer application (commonly shortened to killer app) is a computer program that is so useful that people will buy a particular computer hardware, gaming console, and/or an operating system simply to run that program. ... Minoru Arakawa (荒川實, Arakawa Minoru; born September 3, 1946) was the president of Nintendo of America (NOA) from 1980 to 2002. ... Tetris (Russian: ) is a falling-blocks puzzle video game, released on a large spectrum of platforms. ... The original Game Boys design set the standard for handheld gaming consoles. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Atari Lynx

Main article: Atari Lynx
Atari Lynx

In 1987, Epyx created the Handy; a device that would turn into the Atari Lynx in 1989. It was the first color portable ever made, as well as the first with a backlit screen. It featured a color LCD screen with backlight, networking support with up to 17 other players, and advanced hardware that allowed the zooming and scaling of sprites. The Lynx could also be turned upside down to accommodate left-handed players. However, all these features came at a very high price point, which drove consumers to seek cheaper alternatives. The Lynx was also very unwieldy, consumed batteries very quickly and lacked the third-party support enjoyed by its competitors. Due to its high price, short battery life, production shortages, a dearth of compelling games, and Nintendo's aggressive marketing campaign, and despite a redesign in 1991, the Lynx became a commercial failure. Despite this, companies like Telegames helped to keep the system alive long past its commercial relevance, and when new owner Hasbro released the rights to develop for the public domain, independent developers like Songbird have managed to release new commercial games for the system every year until 2004's Winter Games. The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... Download high resolution version (1600x784, 79 KB)Picture of an Atari Lynx 1 (made myself) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1600x784, 79 KB)Picture of an Atari Lynx 1 (made myself) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Epyx, Inc. ... People who are left-handed are more dextrous with their left hand than with their right hand: they will probably also use their left hand for tasks such as personal care, cooking, and so on. ... As a hit-driven business, the great majority of the computer and video games industrys software releases have been commercial failures. ...

TurboExpress

Main article: TurboExpress

The TurboExpress was a portable version of the TurboGrafx, released in 1990 for $249.99 (the price was briefly raised to $299.99, soon dropped back to $249.99, and by 1992 it was $199.99). Its Japanese equivalent was the PC Engine GT. TurboExpress handheld, TV tuner, games The TurboExpress or (PC Engine GT in Japan) was a portable version of the TurboGrafx, released in 1990 for $249. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with TurboExpress. ...

TurboExpress handheld, TV tuner, and games

It was the most advanced handheld of its time and could play all the TurboGrafx-16's games(which were on a small, credit-card sized media called HuCards). It had a 66 mm (2.6 in.) screen, the same as the original Game Boy, and could display 64 sprites at once, 16 per scanline, in 512 (some say only 482?) colors. It had 64 kilobytes of RAM. The Turbo ran its two 6820 CPUs at 3.58 MHz in parallel. Image File history File links TurboExpress handheld gaming system, TurboVision TV tuner, and HuCard games. ... Image File history File links TurboExpress handheld gaming system, TurboVision TV tuner, and HuCard games. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... In computer graphics, a sprite (also known by other names; see Synonyms below) is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. ... Random access memory (usually known by its acronym, RAM) is a type of data storage used in computers. ... Die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor (actual size: 12×6. ... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ...


The optional "TurboVision" TV tuner included RCA audio/video input, allowing users to use TurboExpress as a video monitor. The "TurboLink" allowed two-player play. Falcon, a flight simulator, included a "head-to-head" dogfight mode that could only be accessed via TurboLink. However, very few TG-16 games offered co-op play modes especially designed with the TurboExpress in mind.


Sega Game Gear

Main article: Sega Game Gear
Sega Game Gear

The Sega Game Gear was the third color handheld console, after the Lynx and the TurboExpress. Released in Japan in 1990 and in North America and Europe in 1991, it was based on the Sega Master System, which gave Sega the ability to quickly create Game Gear games from its large library of games for the Master System. The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... Image File history File links Sega_GameGear. ... Image File history File links Sega_GameGear. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ...


Like the Lynx and the TurboExpress, the Game Gear failed to make a significant impact on the Game Boy's lead in the handheld market. Nonetheless, it managed better sales than the Lynx and TurboExpress, with support from Sega until 1997 and Majesco making a reduced-price version in 2000. It remains the longest running handheld system not made by Nintendo, although the PlayStation Portable has achieved a larger market share. Majesco Entertainment is a video game developer founded in 1986. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ...


Late 1990s

The Game Boy was nine years old before it got its first significant makeover. In 1998, the Game Boy Color was released. It used the smaller and lighter form-factor of the Game Boy Pocket, but featured a full color screen. It was also backwards-compatible, so that it could play not only games specifically made for the Game Boy Color, but standard Game Boy games as well. It did not have significantly more computing power than the Game Boy, however.


By this time, the lack of significant development in Nintendo's product line began allowing more advanced systems such as the Neo Geo Pocket Color and the Wonderswan Color to achieve moderate success. Neo Geo Pocket Color The Neo Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released in 1998 in Japan. ... The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. ...


Game Boy Color

Main article: Game Boy Color
The Game Boy Color was the first handheld by Nintendo featuring Colors.

The Game Boy Color (also referred to as GBC) is Nintendo's successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of the same year in the United States. It features a color screen, and is only slightly smaller than the Game Boy Pocket. The processor is twice as fast as a Game Boy's, and has twice as much memory. It also had an infrared communications port for wireless linking which did not appear in later versions of the Game Boy, such as the Game Boy Advance. The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... Image File history File links Game_Boy_Color. ... Image File history File links Game_Boy_Color. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Game Boy ) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo,[1] released in 1989 at US$89. ... Image of two girls in mid-infrared (thermal) light (false-color) Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength longer than that of visible light, but shorter than that of radio waves. ...


The Game Boy Color was a response to pressure from game developers for a new system, as they felt that the Game Boy, even in its latest incarnation, the Game Boy Pocket, was insufficient. The resulting product was backward compatible, a first for a handheld console system, and leveraged the large library of games and great installed base of the predecessor system. This became a major feature of the Game Boy line, since it allowed each new launch to begin with a significantly larger library than any of its competitors.


The console was capable of showing up to 56 different colors simultaneously on screen from its palette of 32,768, and could add basic four-color shading to games that had been developed for the original Game Boy. It could also give the sprites and backgrounds separate colors, for a total of more than four colors. However, this resulted in graphic anomalies in certain games where a sprite that was supposed to meld into the background was now colored separate, giving it away.


Neo Geo Pocket Color

Main article: Neo Geo Pocket Color
Neo Geo Pocket Color

The Neo Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released in 1998 in Japan. It was a 16-bit color handheld game console designed by SNK, the maker of the Neo Geo home console and arcade machine. It came after SNK's original Neo Geo Pocket monochrome handheld, which debuted in 1998 in Japan (and was released in the U.S. in 1999). Neo Geo Pocket Color The Neo Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released in 1998 in Japan. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... SNK Playmore (formerly SNK) is a Japanese video game hardware and software company. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... Neo Geo Pocket (Monochrome) The Neo Geo Pocket was SNKs original hand held system. ...


In 2000 following SNK's purchase by Japanese Pachinko manufacturer Aruze, the Neo Geo Pocket Color was dropped from both the U.S. and European markets, purportedly due to commercial failure.[citation needed] Classic pachinko machine Pachinko parlor at night Entrance to pachinko parlor in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. ...


The system seemed well on its way to being a success in the U.S. Indeed, it enjoyed a greater success than any Game Boy competitor since Sega's Game Gear. However, it was hurt by several factors, such as SNK's infamous lack of communication with third-party developers, and anticipation of the Game Boy Advance.[citation needed] The decision to ship U.S. games in cardboard boxes in a cost-cutting move rather than hard plastic cases that Japanese and European releases were shipped in may have also hurt U.S. sales.[citation needed] Sega Corporation ) is a multinational Japanese video game software and hardware development company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ...


Wonderswan Color

Main article: Wonderswan Color

The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. It was released on December 30, 2000 in Japan, and was a moderate success. The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The original WonderSwan had only a black and white screen. Although the WonderSwan Color was slightly larger and heavier (7 mm and 2 g) compared to the original WonderSwan, the color version featured 64KB[verification needed] of RAM and a larger color LCD screen. In addition, the WonderSwan Color is compatible with the original WonderSwan library of games. WonderSwan is a handheld game console released in Japan by Bandai in 1999. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to the decimal 1024 bytes (2 to the 10th power, or 1,024 bytes based in the binary system). ... Random access memory (usually known by its acronym, RAM) is a type of data storage used in computers. ...


Prior to WonderSwan's release, Nintendo had virtually a monopoly in the Japanese video game handheld market. After the release of the WonderSwan Color, Bandai took approximately 8% of the market share in Japan partly due to its low price of 6800 yen (approximately $65 U.S. Dollars). The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Another reason for the WonderSwan's success in Japan was the fact that Bandai managed to get a deal with Squaresoft to port over the original Famicom Final Fantasy games with improved graphics and controls. However, with the popularity of the Game Boy Advance and the reconciliation between Squaresoft and Nintendo, the WonderSwan Color and its successor, the Swan Crystal quickly lost its competitive advantage. Square Co. ... The Nintendo Entertainment System (U.S., Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... This article is about the Final Fantasy franchise. ... A purple Swan Crystal with Front Mission running The Swan Crystal is the third (and likely final) version of Bandais WonderSwan handheld gaming system brand, succeeding the WonderSwan and WonderSwan Color. ... In marketing and strategic management, sustainable competitive advantage is an advantage that one firm has relative to competing firms. ...


2000s

Game Boy Advance

The Game Boy Advance was a major upgrade to the Game Boy line
Main article: Game Boy Advance

In 2001, Nintendo released the Game Boy Advance, which added two shoulder buttons, a larger screen, and more computing power to the Game Boy Color. Photo of a Game Boy Advance system running a homebrew GBA program that displays an old Wikipedia logo. ... Photo of a Game Boy Advance system running a homebrew GBA program that displays an old Wikipedia logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The design was revised two years later when the Game Boy Advance SP, a more compact version, was released. The SP featured a "clamshell" design (folding open and closed, like a briefcase), as well as a frontlit color display and rechargeable battery. Despite the smaller form factor, the screen remained the same size as that of the original. In 2005, the Game Boy Micro was released. This revision sacrificed screen size and backwards compatibility with previous Game Boys for a dramatic reduction in total size and a brighter backlit screen. A new SP model with a backlit screen was released in some regions around the same time. The Game Boy Advance SP ), released in February 2003, is an upgraded version of Nintendos Game Boy Advance. ... In design, clamshell is a form resembling the shell of a clam, with the ability to open up in the same way. ... A frontlight is a system of illuminating a screen, commonly an LCD, so that it can be used in dark environments or those where ambient lighting is poor. ... Game Boy Micro , trademarked Game Boy micro) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... Backlights are lights that are attached to LCD displays so that they can be seen at night. ...


Along with the Nintendo GameCube, the GBA also introduced the concept of "connectivity": using a handheld system as a console controller. A handful of games use this feature, most notably Animal Crossing, Pac-Man Vs., Final Fantasy: Crystal Chronicles, The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventure, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, and Sonic Adventure 2: Battle. The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... For other uses, see Animal Crossing (disambiguation). ... Pac-Man Vs. ... Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles is a video game for the Nintendo GameCube. ... The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (or Zeruda no Densetsu: Kaze no Takuto in Japan) is the ninth game in the well-known The Legend of Zelda series of video games. ... Sonic Adventure 2 ) is a video game in the Sonic the Hedgehog series, developed by Sonic Team USA for the Sega Dreamcast, and later ported as an update to the Nintendo Gamecube. ...


As of December 31, 2006, the GBA, GBA SP, and the Game Boy Micro have sold 78.86 million units worldwide.[2] is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Game Park 32

GP32
Main article: GP32

The original GP32 was released in 2001 by the South Korean company Game Park a few months after the launch of the Game Boy Advance. It featured a 32-bit CPU, 133 MHz processor, MP3 and Divx player, and e-book reader. The GP32 was redesigned in 2003. A front-lit screen was added and the new version was called GP32 FLU (Front Light Unit). In the summer of 2004 another redesign was made and a back-lit screen was added. It was called the GP32 BLU. This version of the handheld was planned for release outside South Korea; in Europe, and it was released for example in Spain (VirginPlay was the distributor). While not a commercial success, it gained a cult following of developers and more technically-adept users. It was superseded by the GP2X. Image File history File links GP32 Front-Lit Unit with Ericsson Chatboard, owned by taras File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links GP32 Front-Lit Unit with Ericsson Chatboard, owned by taras File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The GP32 (GamePark 32) is a hand held console built by the Korean company Game Park. ... The word geek has recently come to be used to refer to a person who is fascinated by knowledge and imagination, usually electronic or virtual in nature. ...


N-Gage

N-gage
N-gage QD
Main article: N-gage

Nokia released the N-Gage in 2003. It was designed as a combination mp3 player, cellphone, PDA, radio, and gaming device. The system received much criticism alleging defects in its physical design and layout, including its vertically-oriented screen and requirement of removing the battery to change game cartridges. The most well known of these was "sidetalking," or the act of placing the phone speaker and receiver on an edge of the device instead of one of the flat sides, causing the user to appear as if he is speaking to a taco. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nokia N-Gage QD. Fair use believe becuase this image Ive found on a couple online stores. ... Nokia N-Gage QD. Fair use believe becuase this image Ive found on a couple online stores. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is an international communications company, focused on the key growth areas of wireline and wireless telecommunications. ... Sidetalking refers to the action holding a Nokia N-Gage cell phone and speaking into it. ...


The N-Gage QD was later released to address the design flaws of the original. However, certain features available in the original N-Gage, including MP3 playback, FM radio reception, and USB connectivity were removed.


Tapwave Zodiac

Tapwave Zodiac 2
Main article: Tapwave Zodiac

In 2004, Tapwave released the Zodiac. It was designed to be a PDA-handheld game console hybrid. It supported photos, movies, music, Internet, and documents. The Zodiac used a special version Palm OS 5, 5.2T, that supported the special gaming buttons and graphics chip. Two versions were available, Zodiac 1 and 2, differing in memory and looks. The Zodiac line ended in July of 2005 when Tapwave declared bankruptcy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Tapwave Zodiac 2 The Tapwave Zodiac is a Palm OS 5-based PDA created by the US company Tapwave, and the first Palm-based device developed with gaming and multimedia as primary considerations. ... User with PDA Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that were originally designed as personal organizers, but became much more versatile over the years. ...


Nintendo DS

Main article: Nintendo DS
The Nintendo DS has two screens (one of which is a touchscreen), a microphone, and Wi-Fi connectivity.

The Nintendo DS was released in November 2004. Among its new features was the incorporation of two screens, as well as a touch screen, wireless connectivity, and a microphone port. As with the Game Boy Advance SP, the DS features a clamshell design, with the two screens aligned vertically on either side of the hinge. “NDS” redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2316x2112, 619 KB) the nintendo DS was here i will try to photograph the nintendo DS in the lite get it? there is two nontendo DSS the one is the orignal and the one is the lite File links The following... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2316x2112, 619 KB) the nintendo DS was here i will try to photograph the nintendo DS in the lite get it? there is two nontendo DSS the one is the orignal and the one is the lite File links The following... Touchpad and a pointing stick on a Laptop Close up of a modern, brushed steel touchpad A touchpad is an input device commonly used in laptop computers. ...


The DS's lower screen is touch sensitive, designed to be pressed with a stylus, a user's finger or a special "thumb pad" (a small plastic pad attached to the console's wrist strap, which can be affixed to the thumb to simulate an analog stick). More traditional controls include four face buttons, a D-pad, and "start" and "select" buttons. The console also features online capabilities via the Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection and ad-hoc Wireless networking for multiplayer games with up to 16 players. It is backwards-compatible with all Game Boy Advance games, but not with games designed for the Game Boy or Game Boy Color. The D-pad first came to prominence on the controller for the Famicom. ... Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection logo Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection is an online service run by Nintendo to facilitate free Internet play in compatible Nintendo DS and Wii games. ...


In January 2006, Nintendo revealed an updated version of the DS: the Nintendo DS Lite (released on March 2, 2006 in Japan) with an updated, smaller form factor (42% smaller and 21% lighter than the original Nintendo DS), a cleaner design, and much brighter, higher-quality displays (with adjustable brightness). It is also able to connect wirelessly with Nintendo's Wii Console. The Nintendo DS Lite ) (sometimes abbreviated DSLite, or simply Lite, sold as the iQue DS Lite in China) is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


As of December 31, 2006 the Nintendo DS and Nintendo DS Lite have sold 35.61 million units in total worldwide,[2] and currently have more worldwide sales than any other competitor. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


PlayStation Portable

Main article: PlayStation Portable
The PlayStation Portable can play music, movies, games, view pictures and browse the web wirelessly.

Sony's PlayStation Portable was first revealed at 2004, and was released in Japan and North America in late 2004 and early 2005, respectively. The PSP, as well as several other handhelds in the seventh generation, is designed with an emphasis on convergence, with video and music playback functions in addition to game playing. With over 17.03 million units shipped worldwide[1], it is the second most successful handheld console to date, behind any made by Nintendo. The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 388 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 485 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A White PSP Console Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 388 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 485 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A White PSP Console Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... E³ logo The Electronic Entertainment Expo or E³, commonly known as E3, is an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association. ... In the absence of a more specific context, convergence denotes the approach toward a definite value, as time goes on; or to a definite point, a common view or opinion, or toward a fixed or equilibrium state. ...


The PSP's features four face buttons with the distinctive PlayStation symbols, a directional pad, two shoulder buttons and several hardware control buttons along the bottom of the console's face. The PSP has a single analog control in the form of an "analog pad": a small plastic circle which can slide along the plane of the console's front panel. The PSP's screen is often considered one of its most obvious hardware advantages, an unusually large 4.3 inch widescreen (16:9 aspect ratio) LCD. Unlike previous handheld games, PSP games are stored on UMD discs rather than a solid-state medium. In terms of hardware connectivity, the PSP supports Wi-Fi for multiplayer gaming both locally and over the Internet, as well as a standard four-pin USB connector on the top edge of the console. The system is designed to connect to Sony's PlayStation 3 console (There are noted similarities between the two consoles, such as the "XMB" interface). A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ... Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


Sony has emphasized the PSP's non-gaming functions. The machine can play movies and music from the system's UMD disks, or from a Memory Stick Duo memory card (Sony's proprietary flash storage format). Some of the games for the PSP, such as Wipeout Pure, can use a wireless Internet connection to download new content, and as of firmware version 2.0 the console has an integrated web browser. Later firmwares added more non-gaming functionality such as LocationFree Player support in firmware 2.50; RSS Channel audio which can be streamed or downloaded to the memory stick in 2.60, Video and Photo RSS Channel (Although users cannot stream videos or photo off the internet, they can only download) in 2.80; Full PlayStation 3 connectivity in 3.00 and the ability to use the Chotto Shot (Quick Shot) camera accessory without the Chotto Shot Edit Universal Media Disc software. However, the success of the non-gaming functions, particularly the UMD playback, has been limited.[citation needed] 128 MB Memory Stick with MagicGate support Memory Stick is a removable flash memory card format, launched by Sony in October 1998, and is also used in general to describe the whole familiy of Memory Sticks. ... Wipeout Pure is a 2005 video game. ... The Sony LocationFree Player is an internet-based multifunctional device used to stream live television broadcasts (including from digital cable and satellite), DVDs and DVR content over a home network or the internet. ... A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ...


PSP Redesign

The PSP Redesign was first announced at E3 in 2007, and its sale date is September 2007. The Core Pack will go on sale for US$169.99. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into PlayStation Portable. ... E³ logo The Electronic Entertainment Expo, commonly known as E³, was an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association. ...


Gizmondo

Main article: Gizmondo

Tiger's Gizmondo came out in the UK during March 2005 and it was released in the U.S. during October 2005. It is designed to play music, movies, and games, have a camera for taking and storing photos, and have GPS functions. It also has Internet capabilities. It has a phone for sending text and multimedia messages. Email was promised at launch, but was never released before Gizmondo, and ultimately Tiger Telematics', downfall in early 2005. Users obtained a second service pack, unreleased, hoping to find such functionality. However, Service Pack B did not activate the e-mail functionality. The Gizmondo handheld video game unit. ... The Gizmondo logo. ...


Game Park Holdings GP2X

Main article: GP2X

Released in November 2005, the GP2X is a handheld game console that uses the Linux operating system and is designed to support videos, music, photos, and games in an open architecture allowing any user to develop software for the device. Expandability for future upgrades (new media formats, features, operating system, etc) has been made possible by flash upgradable firmware. The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system. ...


The GP2X natively supports codecs and formats such as DivX, Xvid, MP3 and Ogg Vorbis, but because the player is based on the open-source media player named mplayer, it will be easily possible to add other codecs unsupported at the launch. It is also expected to be able to emulate games for many systems, including the NES, SMS, PC Engine, SNES, and Mega Drive/Genesis. DivX is a brand name of products created by DivX, Inc. ... Xvid (formerly XviD) is a video codec library following the MPEG-4 standard. ... MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is an audio encoding format. ... Vorbis is an open source, lossy audio codec project headed by the Xiph. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) was a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ...


List of notable handheld game consoles

Main articles: Comparison of handheld gaming consoles

This is a comparison of the features of various handheld game consoles. ... Microvision The Microvision was a hand-held game console released by Milton Bradley Company in 1979. ... The Epoch Game Pocket Computer was a handheld game console released by Epoch in Japan in 1984. ... The Game Boy ) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo,[1] released in 1989 at US$89. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... The TurboExpress was a portable version of NECs TurboGrafx 16 video game console, and was released in 1990. ... A HuCard is a memory card developed by Hudson Soft with the size of a credit card and were used with the NEC PC Engine and SuperGrafx video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... The Watara Supervision was a non-color handheld game console which was introduced in 1992 as a cut-price competitor for the Nintendo Game Boy. ... Super Game Boy Box art. ... In software engineering, a compatibility layer allows binaries for an emulated system to run on a host system. ... The Sega Mega Jet The Sega Mega Jet was a handheld version of the Mega Drive video game console. ... JAL Boeing 747-400 Japan Airlines (Japanese: 日本航空 Nihon Kōkū, or JAL) is the largest airline in Japan. ... The Mega Duck and Cougar Boy with identical games for both systems. ... The Nintendo Virtual Boy is a video game console that, using a twin eyeglass-style projector, could display games in true 3-D (though monochromatic, in this case black and red). ... 3D computer graphics are different from 2D computer graphics in that a three-dimensional representation of geometric data is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. ... The Sega Nomad was a handheld game console sold in North America and South America, mainly in Brazil, essentially a mini-Genesis console, based on the Japanese Mega Jet and featuring a built-in color screen. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... Neo Geo Pocket (Monochrome) The Neo Geo Pocket was SNKs original hand held system. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The original Game Boys design set the standard for handheld gaming consoles. ... The Game. ... A modem (from modulate and demodulate) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The PocketStation is a miniature game console created by Sony as a peripheral for the PlayStation. ... Neo Geo Pocket Color The Neo Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released in 1998 in Japan. ... WonderSwan is a handheld game console released in Japan by Bandai in 1999. ... Gunpei Yokoi Gunpei Yokoi, also seen as Gumpei Yokoi (横井 軍平 Yokoi Gunpei, September 10, 1941 to October 4, 1997) is one of the most important figures in the history of Nintendo, a Japanese video game company. ... The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. ... The GP32 (GamePark 32) is a hand held console built by the Korean company Game Park. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 32-bit is a term applied to processors, and computer architectures which manipulate the address and data in 32-bit chunks. ... A purple Swan Crystal with Front Mission running The Swan Crystal is the third (and likely final) version of Bandais WonderSwan handheld gaming system brand, succeeding the WonderSwan and WonderSwan Color. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... A digital audio player (DAP) is a device that stores, organizes and plays digital music files. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... Bluetooth logo This article is about the electronic protocol named after Harald Bluetooth Gormson. ... General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a mobile data service available to users of GSM mobile phones. ... The Game Boy Advance SP ), released in February 2003, is an upgraded version of Nintendos Game Boy Advance. ... The GameKing is an 8-bit handheld game console produced by the Chinese company TimeTop since 2003. ... The Tapwave Zodiac 2 The Tapwave Zodiac is a Palm OS 5-based PDA created by the US company Tapwave, and the first Palm-based device developed with gaming and multimedia as primary considerations. ... Palm OS is a compact operating system developed and licensed by PalmSource, Inc. ... User with PDA Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that were originally designed as personal organizers, but became much more versatile over the years. ... Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is an international communications company, focused on the key growth areas of wireline and wireless telecommunications. ... Nokia N-Gage phone (original version) The Nokia N-Gage is a mobile telephone and handheld game system designed using the Nokia 3650 as a base. ... MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is an audio encoding format. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... A 2GB Sony High Speed Memory Stick PRO Duo with MagicGate support. ... In computing, JPEG (pronounced JAY-peg; IPA: ) is a commonly used standard method of compression for photographic images. ... The Gizmondo handheld video game unit. ... General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a mobile data service available to users of GSM mobile phones. ... The Global Positioning System (GPS) is the only fully functional Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). ... Game Boy Micro , trademarked Game Boy micro) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ... The Game Boy Advance SP ), released in February 2003, is an upgraded version of Nintendos Game Boy Advance. ... The XGP (Extreme Game Player) is a portable video game system created by the Korean company GamePark as the follow-up to its GP32 handheld. ... The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Shanda. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Nintendo DS Lite ) (sometimes abbreviated DSLite, or simply Lite, sold as the iQue DS Lite in China) is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... The VG Pocket Caplet was created by Performance Designed Products and Pelican Products. ...

References

  1. ^ 05 Annual Report (PDF) 65. Nintendo Co., Ltd. (2006-03-31). Retrieved on 2007-01-03.
  2. ^ a b c Consolidated Financial Statement (PDF) 8. Nintendo Co., Ltd. (2007-01-25). Retrieved on 2007-01-25.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Handheld game consoles
Early units
See Microvision and Handheld electronic games
Nintendo handhelds
Game & Watch | Game Boy (Pocket) (Light) | Game Boy Color | Game Boy Advance (SP) | Game Boy Micro | Pokémon Pikachu | Pokémon mini | Nintendo DS (Lite)
Bandai handhelds
WonderSwan | WonderSwan Color | SwanCrystal
GamePark/Holdings handhelds
GP32 | GP2X | XGP | XGP Mini | XGP Kids
SNK handhelds
Neo Geo Pocket | Neo Geo Pocket Color
Sega handhelds
Game Gear | Nomad | Mega Jet | VMU
Sony handhelds
PocketStation | PlayStation Portable (Slim)
Other handhelds
Atari Lynx | Gamate | Watara Supervision | Mega Duck | Game.com | Gizmondo | N-Gage | TurboExpress | Pepper Pad | GameKing | iRiver G10 | Ez MINI | OQO Model 2
Comparison
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Handheld game consoles

  Results from FactBites:
 
OldiesGames.net - Game Gear SECTION We have about 240 Game Gear Games (683 words)
The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console and was Sega's response to Nintendo's Game Boy.
Work began on the console in 1989 under the codename "Project Mercury", and the system was released in Japan on October 6, 1990.
A lone rebel appears with a Game Gear, cueing the narrator's comment of "The Sega Game Gear: Separates the men from the boys." Another showed a gamer hitting himself in the head with a rigid, dead squirrel in order to see color on his Game Boy.
Handheld game console - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4226 words)
Unlike video game consoles, the controls, screen and speakers are all part of a single unit.
The first handheld game console to use interchangeable game cartridges was the Gameboy Pocket, designed by Smith Engineering, and distributed and sold by Milton-Bradley in 1979.
Since game systems of today have rechargeable Li-Ion batteries with proprietary shapes, such as the Nintendo DS and Sony PSP, handheld video game consoles of today are doing much better than the ones from the past.
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