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Encyclopedia > Hand gesture

Hand gestures, are gestures performed by one or two hands. For movements involving the rest of the body, see gesture. Some hand gestures are closely tight to speech, some are like words themselves. The gestures listed below of such kind, they are so-called emblems, or emblematic gestures (Ekman & Friesen, 1972) or quotable gestures (Kendon 2004). These gestures are conventionalized and culture specific. This means that this type of gestures have a fixed meaning that can be verbalized in a couple of words within one culture. The same hand shape may mean something different in another culture. There are not only culture specific emblems, even within a culture there are gestures that are specific to a sub-community of the population. Hence, the gestures that can be found below may mean something specific within a small group of people. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Gestures are a form of Body language or Non-verbal communication. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... See mouse gesture for gestures in computing Military signalmen use hand and body gestures to direct flight operations aboard aircraft carriers. ... For other uses, see Hand (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Using one hand


The "approximation" gesture is performed by holding the hand horizontally, palm down, with the fingers forward or spread, and then tilting the hand to the left and to the right. It indicates that a number or a statement is to be taken approximatively.

Likewise, the gesture, with a gentle rocking left-right movement, is understood to mean "so-so", (or, not too good, not too bad) a response one might give to the question, "How's it going with you?"

This response-gesture is equivalently understood among various cultures or language groups; in particular the Spanish, French, and other romance language groups use it. The Romance languages, also called Romanic languages, are a subfamily of the Italic languages, specifically the descendants of the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people evolving in different areas after the break-up of the Roman Empire. ...

Aún Hay Más (There's Still More)

In Mexico, television presenter Raul Velasco prominently used in his program Siempre en Domingo (Always on Sunday) a hand gesture that is commonly used by floor directors of television programs in North America as to indicate to presenters the need for a commercial break. The gesture implies using the thumb and index finger as to represent a letter "C". Usually, the gesture occurs elsewhere behind cameras, but Velasco used it in front of them, and most often saying "Aún hay más" (There's still more to come) while using the gesture. As an indirect result, Mexicans adopted the gesture in common cultural use as to signal the need to interrupt whatever the speaker is doing and request a break from a listener. The gesture's use is widespread in Mexico, and is used to a lesser extent in the rest of Latin America, due to "Siempre en Domingo"'s widespread popularity across the continent. Raúl Velasco (April 24, 1933 - November 26, 2006) was born in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico. ... Commercial break is a period of time when a television station interrupts a programme to broadcast advertisements. ...

Bang bang or Pistols

This gesture mimes a handgun

The "bang bang" gesture is performed by raising the fist with the index finger and thumb extended. The index finger points at the recipient. The thumb is then brought down on top of the fingers. This imitation of the action of a revolver pistol is often meant to represent a handgun in children's games. It may also be used menacingly to mean "I'm gonna kill you", or simply as a playful greeting. The middle finger is often also extended to widen the "barrel". gesture_thumb_up_then_down_forefinger_out_like_gun File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... gesture_thumb_up_then_down_forefinger_out_like_gun File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ...

Texas Tech fans use a similar salute known as "guns up" to cheer for their sports teams. Also, the "bang bang" performed with both hands was a signature gesture of professional wrestler Mick Foley while he was in his "Cactus Jack" persona. This gesture was also used in the movie Happy Gilmore as Shooter McGavin's trademark. Texas Tech University redirects here. ... For the video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... Michael Francis Mick Foley, Sr. ... In professional wrestling, a gimmick is a wrestlers personality, behavior, attire and/or other distinguishing traits while performing. ...

Also, if the thumb and middle finger are used to click, and if the thumb is pointed upwards to form the gun, this can also be interpreted as a greeting.

Pointing at ones own temple and "firing" with the thumb signifies acknowledgment of ones own guilt or error. For example, a motor vehicle driver who had carelessly endangered another might perform this gesture in response to a honking or shaken fist by the offended party. This use of the gesture may even be used to silently represent an unpleasant situation, as when an annoying person walks into the room.

Beckoning sign

Index finger sticking out of the clenched fist, palm facing the gesturer. The finger moves repeatedly towards the gesturer (in a hook) as to draw something nearer. It has the general meaning of "come here", although it is normally seen as condescending or anyway impolite. It is sometimes performed with the four fingers, with the entire hand, or even with the arm, depending on how far the recipient of the sign is.

When performed with the index finger, it may have a mild sexual connotation depending on the circumstance.

In Africa, this sign is given with all four fingers and with the palm down.

In Japan there is a similar gesture, but the four fingers are used, the palm faces the recipient and the hand is at head's height. This is the gesture featured in the maneki neko. Performed in the western manner, it is still beckoning, but is extremely rude. The Maneki Neko is often used as a piggy bank. ...

In China, the palm faces downward, and all four fingers gesture inward two or three times, as a friendly request for the target to come toward the signer. The same gesture, with the arm extended outward and to the side, is also used in China to hail a taxi.

In India, it is performed with the palm down and the hand slightly loose, almost jerking.

Benediction and blessing

Benediction gesture, on a coin of Emperor Constantine

The benediction gesture is a raised right hand with the ring and little fingers touching the palm, while the middle and index fingers remain raised. Taken from Ancient Roman icongraphy for speaking (an example is the Augustus of Prima Porta where the emperor Augustus assumes the pose of an orator in addressing his troops), it is used as a simple charm or blessing amongst many modern Pagans, and has a vast array of uses. Medal of Emperor Constantine. ... Medal of Emperor Constantine. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Look up charm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up blessing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... Pagans may mean: Paganism, a belief in natural religion. ...

A similar sign, called the benediction gesture, is used by the Christian clergy to perform blessings with the sign of the cross; however Christians keep the thumb raised - the three raised fingers (index, middle, and thumb) are frequently allegorically interpreted as representing the three Persons of the Holy Trinity. It was shown by representations of Jesus as Christ Pantocrator. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. ... Look up blessing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Sign of the cross (disambiguation). ... This article concerns the holy Trinity of Christianity. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Pantokrator (disambiguation). ...

"Biting one's thumb"

In the Shakespeare play Romeo and Juliet, Capulet's servant Sampson precipitates a brawl by biting his thumb at Montague's servant Abraham. In the scene it appears that biting one's thumb in Verona is a non-verbal equivalent of fighting words, probably similar to the middle finger gesture. Sampson explains the meaning of the gesture to his companion Gregory, indicating that the gesture would have been unfamiliar even to the original audience of the play. The play does not describe the gesture in detail, but in performances of the play it is often enacted by placing the thumb upright (as in a "thumbs up" sign) just behind the upper incisors, then flicking the thumb outward in the direction of person the gesture is meant to insult. Shakespeare redirects here. ... Romeo and Juliet in the famous balcony scene by Ford Madox Brown For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... The fighting words doctrine, in United States constitutional law, is a limitation to freedom of speech as granted in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution In its 9-0 decision, Chaplinsky v. ...


The fingers are kept straight and together in a horizontal fashion while the thumb is held out straight. The fingers and thumb then snap together repeatedly to suggest a mouth talking. It is used to indicate contempt for a person talking for an excessive period of time about nothing the gesturer feels is important.

In Singapore and Malaysia, however, the "blah-blah" hand-gesture of what appears to be a talking hand is used to represent the number 5 or a 5 with any number of zeroes trailing it. As such, the `opening-and-closing` "blah-blah" hand-gesture can represent a five, fifty, five-hundred, five-thousand, etc.

The "blah-blah" gesture is used by rugby referees to signal that a player is guilty of dissenting the referee's decision.

Check please

This gesture, understood by waiters around the world to mean that a dinner patron wishes to pay the bill and depart, is executed by touching the index finger and thumb together and "writing" a wavy line in the air, as if to sign one's name.[citation needed] An alternate gesture with the same meaning is made by touching the index finger and thumb together and drawing a checkmark () in the air.[citation needed] In Egypt, the left hand is held palm-out and the right, palm-down, is tapped against the left wrist to request the check. In Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia, one makes a circling gesture with the thumb and fingers pinched together- as if you are holding an imaginary pencil and making imaginary scribbles on a piece of paper. Sometimes the opposite palm is used as the 'paper'. In the Philippines, one outlines a rectangle in the air using the thumb and forefinger of both hands. Look up check in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A tick (known as a checkmark or check in American English) is a mark () ( ) used to indicate the concept yes, for example yes, this has been verified or yes, I agree. Its opposite is the cross () ( ), although the cross can also be positive, for example in elections. ...

Clinton thumb

The gesture dubbed the "Clinton thumb" after its most famous user, Bill Clinton, is used by politicians to provide emphasis in speeches without pointing the finger. This gesture has the thumb leaning against the thumbside portion of the index finger, which is part of a closed fist. It does not exhibit the anger of the clenched fist or pointing finger, and so is thought to be less threatening. This gesture was likely adopted by Clinton from John F. Kennedy, who can be seen using it in many speeches during his political career.[citation needed] William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ...

Crossed fingers

Main article: Crossed fingers

A gesture made by crossing the index and middle fingers such that the middle finger overlaps and intertwines the index finger, which can be used to signify one's hope that something should succeed (compare to the phrase "Keep your fingers crossed"). According to OldSuperstitions.com, this stems from the superstition that "By making the sign of the Christian faith with our fingers, evil spirits would be prevented from destroying our chances of good fortune." Thus it would be one of several uses of the "sign of the Cross" in connection with a prayer for blessing. However, if placed behind one's back, the gesture takes on an entirely different meaning: it is then normally used to indicate that the user secretly (hence the hiding of the gesture) wishes for something contrary to what is being stated or going on, or that a lie is being told. This terms, may be related to the making of the sign of the cross when taking an oath (in this case a secret one). To cross ones fingers is a hand gesture used to wish for good luck or to nullify a promise. ... For other uses, see Superstition (disambiguation). ...

Cuckoo sign

A gesture made by closing one's fist(but closing it is not necessary), extending the index finger, and circling it around one's ear or temple for several seconds. Then, with the other hand the index finger is pointed at the person who is "cuckoo". This gesture is used to indicate that someone is speaking nonsense or is crazy (more colloquially, this is described as being cuckoo). The "cuckoo" sign is well-known in the United States. Genera See text. ...

Curwen Hand Signs

See also: Kodály Method

Named after John Curwen, and largely defined by Zoltán Kodály, The Curwen Hand Signs are a way of representing musical notes by holding the hand in a certain position for each note. // The Kodály Method is an approach to music education which was developed in Hungary during the mid-twentieth century. ... John Curwen (1816-1880) was an English Congregationalist minister, and founder of the Tonic Sol-fa system of musical teaching. ... Zoltán Kodály (IPA: ), (pronunciation, Zol-tan Kod-eye) (November 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher. ...

Depiction of Curwen's Solfege hand signs. This version includes the tonal tendencies and interesting titles for each tone.

The basic concept of using gestures to represent notes is quite ancient, however near the end of the 19th century, the concept was formalized as a standard teaching method. Curwen Hand Signs are featured in the 1977 film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. (External link, with sample pictures: [1]) Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 379 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (611 × 965 pixel, file size: 376 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 379 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (611 × 965 pixel, file size: 376 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ...

Cut, It, Out

Made famous by Joey Gladstone on the hit TV series Full House, this gesture implies that you would like someone to quit doing whatever it is that they are doing, typically because it is destructive or annoying. It is given by first creating a scissors using your middle and index fingers, followed by a generic "point" at the target, and finally finished with a single thumbs up retracted back to point behind oneself.

The Fangul

This is done by keeping one hand straight, placing it under the chin, and 'throwing out' that hand toward the receiver of the gesture.

"Fangul" is an Italian slang word, its origins are in the Italian word "Vaffanculo", which means "Go fuck yourself". Fuck is an English word which, when used literally as a verb, means to have sexual intercourse, or as a noun, a sexual encounter (specifically referring to intercourse). It is generally considered one of the most vulgar words in the English Language, as well as one of its most versatile...

In Italian culture this gesture means "Chi se ne frega?" or "Who cares?". If done with less intensity, it can also simply mean "No" or "None", as, for example, in response to "Do we have any milk at home?".

In Italian-American culture, on the other hand, the gesture means "Screw You!". There is a subtle difference between the offensive version of the gesture and the innocuous version. In the "Screw You" version, the fingers are kept stiff and together and the motion is quick and abrupt. In the less offensive "I don't care" version, which has its root in Europe, the fingers fan out and the motion is gentle/nonchalant.

U.S. Supreme Court justice Antonin Scalia received criticism for using this gesture towards a reporter. (Scalia maintains that he intended the less offensive Sicilian gesture, which means "I don't care".) When comedian Stephen Colbert performed at the 2006 White House Correspondents' Dinner, he flashed the gesture at Scalia, saying that he was pleased to see him there. Antonin Gregory Scalia (born March 11, 1936[1]) is an American jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... This article is about Stephen Colbert, the actor. ... Stephen Colbert at the 2006 White House Correspondents Dinner On April 29, 2006, American comedian Stephen Colbert appeared as the featured entertainer at the 2006 White House Correspondents Association Dinner, which was held in Washington, D.C., at the Hilton Washington hotel. ...

In the Indian sub-continent, scratching under the chin would signify that one is trying to think.

Fig sign

The "fig sign" is an ancient gesture with many uses.

The "fig sign" is a gesture made with the hand and fingers curled and the thumb thrust between the middle and index fingers, or, rarely, the middle and ring fingers, forming the fist so that the thumb partly pokes out. In some areas of the world, the gesture is considered a good luck charm, in others it is considered an obscene gesture, and in still others it is used in the "I've got your nose" child's game. This gesture is also the letter "T" in the American Sign Language alphabet. In International Sign, which otherwise uses the same manual alphabet, "T" has been modified to avoid possible offense. gesture_fist_with_thumb_through_fingers File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... gesture_fist_with_thumb_through_fingers File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The American Sign Language Alphabet is a manual alphabet that augments the vocabulary of American Sign Language when spelling individual letters of a word is the preferred or only option, such as with proper names or the titles of works. ... Gestuno or International Sign Language of the Deaf is a constructed sign language, which the World Congress of the World Federation of the Deaf originally discussed in 1951. ...

In ancient Rome, this gesture was called the mano fico, and was a fertility and good luck charm designed to ward off evil. Although this usage has survived in Latin America, where carved images of hands in this gesture are used in good luck talismans, in many other cultures, such as Indonesia, Turkey and Russia, the sign has come to have an insulting meaning roughly equivalent to "screw you", based on the thumb being seen as representing a clitoris or sexual intercourse; this usage goes back at least 600 years, being attested in The Divine Comedy (Inferno, Canto XXV). In modern Russia this gesture is used mostly by kids with the meaning "screw you/no way". The same meaning is expressed by adults either with the bent elbow (rude, very emphatic, non-classy), or with the "finger" (used mostly by city dwellers). The "finger" made it to Russian gesture language from Western movies. In modern Italian, the gesture is called the mano fica, taken to mean "fig hand", as the Italian word for "fig" is fico (ficus in Latin). The obscene connotations of the gesture may partly originate from the fact that a similar Italian word, fica, is a slang term referring to the vulva. This sexual connotation may date back to ancient Roman times; some Roman amulets combine a phallus and a mano fico gesture. In the Indian sub-continent, this gesture is taken as threatening symbol. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Good Luck!! is a 2003 Japanese television drama produced by TBS. Starring Takuya Kimura and Kō Shibasaki, Good Luck!! topped the Japanese drama ratings with a whopping 35% viewership in 2003. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... An amulet from the Black Pullet grimoire An amulet (from Latin amuletum, meaning A means of protection) or a talisman (from Arabic tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word talein wich means to initiate into the mysteries. ... The clitoris is a sexual organ that is present in biologically female mammals. ... It has been suggested that Duration of sexual intercourse be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses see The Divine Comedy (disambiguation), Dantes Inferno (disambiguation), and The Inferno (disambiguation) Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino... Gestures are a form of Body language or Non-verbal communication. ... The finger. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The external genital organs of the female are collectively known as the vulva (plural vulvae or vulvas)[1]. In common speech, the term vagina is often used improperly to refer to the vulva or female genitals generally, even though, strictly speaking, the vagina is a specific internal structure, whereas the... This article is about the symbol of the erect penis. ...

Many neopagans use this gesture as a symbol of the mother goddess to help adherents identify one another. In this context, it is referred to as the "Sign of the Goddess". Its counterpart is the corna sign. Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... A Cucuteni culture statuette, 4th millennium BC. A mother goddess is a goddess, often portrayed as the Earth Mother, who serves as a general fertility deity, the bountiful embodiment of the earth. ... The Corna or Devil Horns The corna (Italian for horns, also mano cornuta, horned hand and fare le corna, to make the horns) is a gesture with a vulgar meaning in Mediterranean countries and a variety of meanings and uses in other cultures. ...

In Turkey, this gesture is considered highly offensive.

Finger Beside Nose

This gesture involves bringing the index finger to the side of the nose and is used in the USA and the UK to indicate that something secret is being told. It is often accompanied by a conspiratorial wink. Placing the finger beside the nose is often used by storytellers to signal that they are stretching the truth. As a variant, sometimes the finger is tapped next to the nose. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Clement Moore's version of the Santa Claus story first used the now familiar phrase, "...laying his finger aside of his nose...," in which Santa, upon discovery, made this gesture and winked before vanishing up the chimney. Another interesting reference from the Urdu poem "The Fourth Era of Āb-e ḥayāt:Part Three" is as follows: "When the Navab's gaze fell on him, he placed a finger beside his nose [as women do] and recited." Clement Clarke Moore, (July 15, 1779 - July 10, 1863), was a professor at New York Citys General Theological Seminary (built on land donated by his father) who, in an 1836 reprint of A Visit From St. ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ...

This can also be seen in "The Sting" when a non-con-artist with a grudge nearly gives away the big con.

Additionally, this can be used to indicate that one is "not it." Usually used when divvying up chores or other undesirable tasks while in a group. The last member of a group to indicate with this symbol becomes the one tasked with completing this chore.

Finger Snap

A single snap, sometimes emphasized by an arced swing of the arm, is used when someone is reminded of something by another person, particularly if it is a job or a chore they have forgotten to do. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Some people also snap their fingers to catch the attention of others. This is informal - some people may find it rude or even threatening, as it is common for the gesturer to snap his fingers very close to the other's face. In some cases, this may be interpreted as a face-threatening act or as a sign of contempt. In other cases, it may be a secret victory sign.

In a classroom, children may snap their fingers to indicate that they are eager to give the answer to a question.

It can also be used when telling a story, to get a surprise effect. In Latin America this gesture is used as a way to say "Hurry up." The Beats (Beatniks) used to snap repeatedly as more reserved "cooler" applause.

Fours snaps in the shape of the letter Z are used to convey superiority or disdain for all others. This is called a "Z snap".

US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates along with senior cadets from Texas A&M's Corps of Cadets give the "gig 'em" sign at the Pentagon

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution (3164 × 2312 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution (3164 × 2312 pixel, file size: 3. ... The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and military matters. ... Robert Michael Gates (born September 25, 1943) is currently serving as the 22nd United States Secretary of Defense. ... Corps of Cadets Corps Stack The Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets (often The Fightin Texas Aggie Corps of Cadets, The Corps of Cadets, or simply The Corps) is a student military organization at Texas A&M University. ... This article is about the United States military building. ...

Gig 'em Aggies

Main article: Gig 'em Aggies

Current and former students of Texas A&M University, as well as supporters of the school's athletic teams, widely use a thumbs-up sign associated with the cheer "Gig 'em Aggies" (or simply "Gig 'em"). The thumb refers to a "gig" used for hunting frogs. It was created around 1930. While its creation is universally credited to Pinky Downs, a 1906 A&M graduate who was then a member of the school's Board of Regents, stories of its origin vary. The most commonly cited story revolves around one of A&M's major rivals at that time, the TCU Horned Frogs (although the "frog" of TCU is actually a Texas horned lizard). It was the first hand sign to be used in the former Southwest Conference, the athletic conference that A&M and TCU, along with other schools, belonged to. Gig em Aggies is a tradition of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, United States. ... Texas A&M University redirects here. ... Texas A&M Aggies is the name given to the sports teams of Texas A&M University. ... Frog gigging in North America is the practice of hunting frogs with a spear. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Texas Christian University features 18 varsity sports teams. ... Binomial name Phrynosoma cornutum (Harlan, 1825) The Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) is one of 14 North American species of spikey-bodied reptiles called horned lizards. ... A 1970s logo from the old Southwest Athletic Conference. ...

Fans of opposing teams may turn the gesture against the Aggies by turning the thumb down, or turning it into a throat-slitting gesture.

Hook 'em Horns

Main article: Hook 'em Horns
George W. Bush gives the Hook 'em Horns salute to the Texas Longhorns marching band at his second inauguration.

In college sports in the United States, the "Hook 'em Horns" (or simply "Hook 'em") sign is associated with fans of the Texas Longhorns. The gesture is an imitation of the head of a Texas Longhorn, which serves as the school mascot. It was created in 1955 by a UT cheerleader in response to the increasingly popular "Gig 'em" hand signal created by arch rival Texas A&M twenty five years earlier. It is one of the most famous hand symbols in US college sports. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mano cornuto. ... Image File history File links Bush-horns. ... Image File history File links Bush-horns. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mano cornuto. ... University of Texas redirects here. ... An American college marching band on the field (Kansas State University) A marching band is a group of instrumental musicians who generally perform outdoors, and who incorporate movement â€“ usually some type of marching and other movements  â€“ with their musical performance. ... Texas Longhorns athletics programs include the extramural and intramural sports teams of The University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...

Students, faculty, and alumni of the University of Texas are often seen to display this hand sign during sporting events, commencements, and other special occasions.[1] They will often include the spoken or written phrase in conversations or writings, especially as a closing. The Hook 'em Horns symbol is the same physically as the mano cornuto gesture. They both have their origins in the imitation of a type of livestock, the longhorn on one hand and a goat on the other, though their meanings are very different.[2] The Mano Cornuto as plastic art The mano cornuto (horned hand, in Italian) gesture, also known as the devil horns, goat horns, Hook em Horns, throwing the goat, or just the horns is made by making a fist and extending the index finger and the pinky, . This is not to...

The gesture is shown with the fingers pointed upward as a sign of support; if the fingers are pointed downward it is considered insulting to Longhorn fans (and thus is used by opposing fans).

In Major League Baseball, defensive players often use an identical gesture to each other to indicate the opposing team has two outs. The same gesture is used in American football to indicate a team faces second down. This gesture may be popular for indicating the number 2 because the fingers are further apart - making it easier to see that two (as opposed to one) fingers are raised when viewed from a distance. Major Leagues redirects here. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ...


Main article: Corna

Many neopagans use it as a symbol of the horned god to identify each other; in this context it is referred to as the "Sign of the Horned God". Its counterpart is the fig sign, above. Also considered similar to the Horns of Asmodeus, from Persian mythology, used to warn off the devil. The Corna or Devil Horns The corna (Italian for horns, also mano cornuta, horned hand and fare le corna, to make the horns) is a gesture with a vulgar meaning in Mediterranean countries and a variety of meanings and uses in other cultures. ... gesture_raised_fist_with_index_and_pinky_lifted. ... gesture_raised_fist_with_index_and_pinky_lifted. ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... The Pashupati-like figure on the Gundestrup cauldron The Horned God is a modern syncretic term, invented to link together numerous male nature gods out of such widely-dispersed and historically unconnected mythologies as the Celtic Cernunnos, the Welsh Caerwiden, the English Herne the Hunter, the Hindu Pashupati, the Greek... Although Asmodai is mostly known thanks to the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit, he is also mentioned in some Talmudic legends and in demonology. ...

Some say that it is meant to ward off — or to bestow — the evil eye. It is also a representation of the Devil by some Satanists. The gesture's origin is believed to be an imitation of the shape of a goats head, which has many associations with the concept of Satan in Christianity.Satan's Goat John Phillip, The Evil Eye (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye The evil eye a folklore belief that the envy elicited by the good luck of fortunate people may result in their misfortune, whether it is... This is an overview of the Devil. ... Satanism is a religious or philosophical movement centered around Satan or another entity identified with Satan, or centered around the forces of nature, particularly human nature, represented by Satan as an archetype. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...

It has a variety of other meanings as well, depending on culture and area. In some places, it is a sexual insult, charging a man with being a victim of cuckoldry (this insult is most common in Italy and is also used in Portugal and Brazil). Perhaps because of its occult significance, it is used as a salute by fans of heavy metal music. This use may have originated with Ronnie James Dio or Kiss. The sign may have been used in P-Funk music before heavy metal. If one reverses the extended fingers, one gets the "inverted heavy metal salute" which can be given as a reply to a heavy metal salute. This article is about the act of adultery. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... The mano cornuto (horned hand) gesture, also known as the devil horns, goat horns, Hook em Horns, or just the horns, is made by making a fist and extending the index finger and the pinky (figure A) . This is not to be confused with the ASL I Love You sign... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Black Sabbath, Rainbow, Elf, and his own band Dio. ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... P-Funk is an abbreviated, compound name for two bands, Parliament and Funkadelic. ...

How Sad

This gesture (also called "Playing the World's Smallest Violin") is made by rubbing the thumb and index finger together. It is used to show lack of sympathy for someone telling a sad story.

I Love You Sign

Made using a combination of the letters 'I', 'L', and 'Y' from American Sign Language. It is made by extending the thumb, index finger, and little finger while the middle and ring finger touch the palm. It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ...

Index finger

Made with the palm forward and the index finger up, this is a warning sign ("watch out!") to a particular person (in western culture). When made in a group of people, it is an indication that one wants to speak. Making a motion side to side with the index finger indicates the equivalent of "no, no".

Knocking on wood

Main article: touch wood

This signifies the neutralization of a jinxing brought on by mentioning an either hoped-for or feared result. The knuckles are rapped on a nearby piece of wood (or, jokingly, someone's head). Usually this is only valid if done on bare (i.e. unpainted) wood. One possible reason for the tradition could have been from an animist culture who believed that the knocking would release spirits to protect them. It has also been said to stem from a belief that any nearby evil spirits who overhear somebody speaking of good fortune which has come his way may send some bad luck to offset it; knocking on wood was thought to keep the spirits from hearing. It is also known as "tapping wood" or "touching wood". Look up knock on wood, touch wood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Jinx (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of attention. ...

In Italy, one knocks on iron with the hand in the corna horns position. The horns position represents the devil and by knocking it on iron it is a symbolic gesture of defeating or casting away evil. The use of iron possibly comes from the use of nails in Christ's crucifixion. The Corna or Devil Horns The corna (Italian for horns, also mano cornuta, horned hand and fare le corna, to make the horns) is a gesture with a vulgar meaning in Mediterranean countries and a variety of meanings and uses in other cultures. ...

In Russia, this is used to indicate that someone being talked about is stupid (and refers to a joke about a Russian peasant).

Knocking on wood deals with protection from evil spirits or evil caused by jealousy or envy. The reason for wood is because Christ was crucified on wood and hence by knocking on it the person gets Christ's protection from misfortune.

"When Saint Helen, mother of Emperor Constantine the Great, visiting the Holy Land and seeking the True Cross upon which Jesus was crucified, found the Precious and Life-Giving Cross, the Cross was venerated by all the faithful in many public processions. Many faithful would come to touch the Holy Cross for blesssing and healing. It was customary to touch the Wood of Life three times (as a confession of faith in the Holy Trinity). This act of touching the True Cross became the earliest recorded histories of 'knocking on wood.' Whenever the Holy Cross was put forth for public veneration, touching it, or as English translations render it 'knocking,' became common liturgical practice. Once the Holy Cross was transferred to Constantinople and placed in the Great Church of the Holy Wisdom (aka Saint Sophia), Christians continued this piety by touching or knocking on any cross or crucifix (wood was the medium of the day) for blessings and healings. This ancient tradition has been with us for over 1,600 years and has been a pious tradition to this day where people tend to touch anything made of wood ... but all interpretations of this behavior point back directly to Jerusalem in the 4th century CE and the True Cross." (Prof Anastasios Zavales Phd ThD, Ecumenical Patriarchate, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of the USA).

Loser Sign

This sign is made using the right hand by making a fist and an 'L' shape with the index finger and thumb. The back of the hand is then tapped against the forehead indicating that the recipient is a loser. This gesture is often followed with a double loser. The song All Star by Smash Mouth refers to this gesture: "She was looking kinda dumb with her finger and her thumb in the shape of an L on her forehead." All Star is a single by Smash Mouth. ... It has been suggested that Steven Harwell, Greg Camp, Paul De Lisle, and Jason Sutter be merged into this article or section. ...

Middle finger

Main article: Finger (gesture)
"The finger" is a very common offensive hand gesture.

"The finger" is a gesture consisting of a fist with the middle finger extended. It is culture specific. It is certainly thousands of years old, being referred to in Ancient Roman literature as the digitus infamis or digitus impudicus. Performing this gesture is also called "flipping the bird" in countries where "the finger" is used. In other regions, "flipping the bird" refers to the raising of the middle and index finger with the back of the hand directed at the recipient. In Japanese sign language, when you put your middle finger up and turn it around to when the front of your finger facing yourself it means brother. The finger. ... The Middle Finger (possibly offensive) File links The following pages link to this file: User talk:Mark/Archive 1 Fuck The finger Categories: GFDL images ... The Middle Finger (possibly offensive) File links The following pages link to this file: User talk:Mark/Archive 1 Fuck The finger Categories: GFDL images ... This article is about the gesture. ...

Money sign

The thumb rubs repeatedly over the tip of the index finger and middle fingers. In some variants, the ring finger and pinky touch the palm, in others they do not. This gesture is meant to resemble the act of rubbing two coins together and has a general meaning of "money", or "expensive".

Moutza (Palm of hand)

Main article: Moutza

In most places, a palm raised towards somebody means "stop". In urban culture, to show boredom or crude disinterest, a raised palm is held directly in front of someone's face to silence him. This is known as "tell it to the hand" or "talk to the hand." A moutza (μούντζα) is the most traditional gesture of insult among Greeks which consists of extending all fingers and presenting the palm towards the to-be-insulted person. ...

In Greece, "moutza" the palm of the hand thrust towards somebody with the fingers splayed is an offensive gesture equivalent to giving the finger. The gesture is known in Greek as "moutza". It originates from the Byzantine punishment of parading a chained criminal around town with his face smeared with cinder, or moutzos in Greek. An even more offensive version is achieved by using both hands to double the gesture, and smacking the palm of one hand against the back of the other, in the direction of the intended recipient. Both the one-handed and the two-handed versions of this gesture can be (and often are) combined with the term "na!", meaning "here you go!" or "there!", or "na, malaka!", meaning "there, you wanker!" A cinder is a fragment of cooled pyroclastic material (lava or magma). ...


The OK sign.
Main article: Okay

This is the touching of the index finger with the thumb (forming a rough circle) with the raising of the remaining fingers. In the United States and parts of Europe, it means "OK" and is inoffensive. The OK sign is used extensively in scuba diving. It can also mean "0," or "money," in Japan. In Brazil , this gesture is considered to be a reference to the anus, being considered very offensive. It is also used to represent the slang term "bita vag" which refers to vagina. However, this sign is most commonly and accurately used in the game of "birdman". The gesture serves as a block against any potential birdman predators. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Okay is a term of approval, assent, or acknowledgment, often written as OK or O.K.. This is also known as AOK. When used to describe the quality of a thing, it denotes acceptability. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... For other senses of this word, see zero or 0. ... For other uses, see Money (disambiguation). ... This article is about the bodily orifice. ...

In rescue operations and related use, the 'okay' signal is made by placing one hand atop one's own head, thus forming a larger "O". This gesture can be discerned more readily from a distance or under conditions of lessened visibility.


Palm up, index and middle fingers touching the thumb, remaining fingers folded against the palm, and wrist bending slightly, up and down about three times, so that the touching fingers move toward and away from the gesturer. This gesture is used as a reproachful and exasperated request for patience in response to a request to be served immediately out of turn or for something to happen faster than is possible.


The typical pointing with the index finger is a gesture used in many cultures. Some cultures use the middle finger (certain regions of India) other cultures also point with the thumb, often when referring to something behind the speaker. There are many other ways to point, for example with the hand, a head nod or an eye gaze. In some Native American cultures, one actually points with the nose, avoiding the disrespect associated with pointing fingers. Some cultures use lip pointing. In Western cultures pointing directly with the index finger at a person is considered rude. A more polite way of pointing to a person would be to direct the hand in their direction, as if holding a plate. Military signalmen use hand and body gestures to direct flight operations aboard aircraft carriers. ... The Index finger The index finger, pointer finger or forefinger is the second digit of a human hand, located between the thumb and the middle finger. ...

Pound fist

Pound fist is a greeting, in which two individuals touch fists. It is also known as a Dap greeting. Howie Mandel greets contestants on Deal or No Deal in this manner due to his mysophobia. Dap is a form of handshake that originated in the 1960s among African Americans. ... Howie Michael Mandel II (born November 29, 1955) is a Canadian comedian and actor, primarily for his roles on sitcoms and television. ... The United States version of Deal or No Deal, hosted by actor-comedian Howie Mandel, premiered on December 19, 2005 on NBC and ran during the following four consecutive nights. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...

In Major League Baseball, players will sometimes pound fists after a great play, such as hitting a home run with men on base or turning a double play.

Raised fist

See also: With a strong hand and an outstretched arm

A clenched, raised fist is used as a gesture of defiance by a number of groups. It is usually considered to be hostile, yet without any sexual, scatological, or notionally offensive connotations. It is especially associated with Communists with other nationalist or ethnic revolutionary or would-be revolutionary movements, and with the Black Power movements of the 1960s in the United States. It is the custom to make this gesture while singing The Internationale, the Marxist anthem. A clenched fist raised quickly up and down and then punched in some direction also signifies a military call for a heavy weapons team to close on the gesturer or to move or open fire in the direction indicated by the punch. This gesture can also be used to mean "I am angered or offended by what you have done." In Exodus 6 (Parshat Vaeira in the Torah), Moses has just reiterated to God the complaint of the Israelites that every time he has gone to Pharoah on their behalf, things have gotten worse for them; in this case, Pharoah has now ruled that they shall henceforward make bricks... The raised fist (also closed fist or clenched fist) is a symbol and salute most often used by communists, anarchists, socialists, leftists, pacifists, trade unionists and others in opposition to oppressive regimes. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... For other uses, see Revolution (disambiguation). ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... LInternationale in the original French. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ...

American Football referees use a raised fist to indicate that a team faces fourth down.

Raising a hand

Man in Pioneer plaque raising hand to (non-verbally) say "hello".

Raising a hand is a gesture that conveys hello.[3] This gesture is close to salute, and is also used in an audience when one wishes to speak or be recognized. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2891x2290, 387 KB) version with white background Authors: Designed by Carl Sagan and Frank Drake. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2891x2290, 387 KB) version with white background Authors: Designed by Carl Sagan and Frank Drake. ... The illustration on the Pioneer plaque The Pioneer plaques are a pair of aluminum plaques which were placed on board the Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 spacecraft, featuring a pictorial message from humanity, in case either Pioneer 10 or 11 are intercepted by extraterrestrial beings. ... Look up hello in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Main article: Salute

There are many forms of salute gestures, most of which are used to denote respect or obedience for an authority. A common military hand salute consists of raising the right hand, held flat, to the right eyebrow. Scouting organizations use related salutes. The armies of various countries adopt slightly different forms of salute: in the United Kingdom armed forces, the hand is brought to the forehead palm outward in military and air force contexts, whereas the naval salute is as in the US forces - the US forces derived their saluting habits from the Royal Navy. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...


Main article: Shaka sign
The "shaka" sign is a common greeting in beach and surfer culture.

The "shaka" sign is a common gesture often associated with Hawaii, California, and beach and surfer culture in general. It consists of extending the thumb and pinky finger while keeping the three middle fingers curled, and is often described colloquially as the "hang loose" gesture. It is similar to American Sign Language letter "Y", where a fist is also made with only the thumb and pinky extended. The sign is often followed by waving as a greeting or acknowledgment. It can be used when driving as a signal of thanks to other drivers (for example, someone who stopped to let another driver onto the road from a driveway). This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... gesture_raised_fist_with_thumb_and_pinky_lifted File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... gesture_raised_fist_with_thumb_and_pinky_lifted File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Surfing (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ...

Similar gestures

A variant of the "shaka" sign is the "call me," which mimes someone using a phone.

In Britain and Northern Europe the symbol is used as a signal for owners of older model Volkswagen vans when passing on roads. The silhouette of the hand reveals a "W"-shaped outline along the top of the hand standing for Volkswagen. The shaka is also used by the University of Texas at El Paso or UTEP to represent a pickaxe being swung forward. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1917x1389, 354 KB) Summary The call me gesture. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1917x1389, 354 KB) Summary The call me gesture. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... The University of Texas at El Paso, popularly known as UTEP, is a public, coeducational university, and it is a member of the University of Texas System. ... The University of Texas at El Paso, or UTEP, is part of the University of Texas System. ... Pickhandle redirects here. ...

In Spain and Italy, if the thumb points to the mouth, it means "drinking", since it is similar the shape of a porrón vessel. This is also true of the United States and Portugal. A porrón is a traditional glass wine pitcher, typical of Catalonia but famous throughout Spain. ...

In some countries, if the thumb points to the mouth, it can also represent marijuana usage, in particular the use of a bong. This is usually accompanied by a sucking noise. Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja,[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa L. subsp. ... A bong, also commonly known as a water pipe, is a smoking device, generally used to smoke marijuana and tobacco, but also other substances. ...

In China, it is also the sign for the number six.

A similar gesture is the "call me" sign, which also has the pinky finger and thumb outstretched, but then also holds it up to the ear, to signify a telephone. This gesture is a common way to silently tell someone to call him or her, such as to continue a conversation in private.

It is also used by FC Barcelona player Ronaldinho as part of his goal celebration.[citation needed] Futbol Club Barcelona, known familiarly as Barça (IPA: baɾ.sə), is a sports club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... For other persons named Ronaldinho, see Ronaldinho (disambiguation). ...

In India, rolling the shaka in a winding motion signifies that the listener does not believe what is being said and that the speaker needs to "spool in the yarn from spinning out too far".

In American Sign Language, a "rolling" version of this sign indicates the activity "play", often used by non-verbal (i.e. pre-speech children) people to ask if one wants to play or that they signer wishes to play. It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ...


This gesture is used to demand or request silence from those to whom it is directed. The index finger of one hand is extended, with the remaining fingers curled toward the palm with the thumb forming a fist. The index finger is placed vertically in front of the lips. Often, the lips will be formed as if to make a "shh" sound, whether or not a sound is made. An alternate gesture with the same meaning involves the thumb and forefinger moving horizontally across the lips, as if one would be closing a zipper. Zipper slider brings together the two sides A zipper (British English: zip fastener or zip) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. ...


This gesture expresses gratitude. It is performed by sweeping an open hand from near one's brow toward the person being addressed, starting with the palm towards the face and finishing with the palm upwards.

The gesture is literally "taking off your hat."

Gestures similar to this one have come to be the word for 'thank you' in several Sign Languages. Two sign language Intepreters working as a team for a school. ...

"Three middle fingers"

Gestures consisting of fully extending the index, middle, and ring fingers with the thumb and pinky tucked together under the palm have had a variety of meanings over the years. It is used by most Scouts as their identifying salute, with the palm facing outwards, the fingers closed (without gaps), the right hand's fingertips to the same-side temple or at shoulder length. This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... Scouts using the three-finger salute as the Scout Sign. ...

In the United States, when the back of the hand faces outwards, this gesture is often used as a euphemism for "the finger." It is used especially when a jocular effect is desired. Originally, an accompanying verbal explanation was usual — "Read between the lines," referring to the common English expression denoting that one must read carefully to glean the subtle meaning in a passage — but this phrase is now commonly omitted. In the TV science fiction series Farscape, the protagonist John Crichton often makes this gesture, but says "Read the middle finger." Another variant, attested in The Candidate, is that it means "peace and up yours," combining the peace sign and the finger. Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... Altermative topic: Subtext_programming_language. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Farscape (1999–2003) is a science fiction television series, featuring a present-day astronaut who accidentally travels through a wormhole to a distant part of the galaxy. ... John Robert Crichton, Jr. ... For other uses, see The Candidate (disambiguation). ... A peace symbol is a representation or object that has come to symbolize peace. ...

"Three finger salute"

Main article: Three-finger salute (Serbian)

This Serbian salute is done extending thumb,index and middle finger from a closed fist, and was used by Bosnian Serbs as a victory sign, representing the Christian Trinity, during the Bosnian War. This article is about a salute used by some Serbs. ... ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim...

Throat slash

A sign made by moving one's thumb across one's throat. It is often used as an insult to imply one's (often athletic) superiority over another. This is considered a form of taunting, and in some sports leagues can be called as a foul.

The late wrestler Chris Benoit would use this move prior to executing his swandive headbutt. Another wrestler, The Undertaker, uses a similar hand gesture prior to executing his tomestone piledriver. Christopher Michael Benoit (IPA: ) (May 21, 1967 – June 24, 2007) was a Canadian professional wrestler who wrestled for Extreme Championship Wrestling, World Championship Wrestling, and World Wrestling Entertainment. ...

In Japan, it is to show one's failure, and could also mean to be dismissed or fired.

Thumbing the nose

A sign of derision made by putting your thumb on your nose and wiggling your fingers. Originated in the 1640s in Vienna. Gained popularity when Shakespeare is said to have 'thumbed his nose' at Edmond Rostand.

Thumbs up, thumbs down

The thumbs down gesture.

A closed fist held with the thumb extended upward or downward is a gesture of approval or disapproval respectively. The "thumbs up" gesture may also be given as a sign of encouragement, sometimes with both hands to reinforce it. Image File history File links Symbol_thumbs_down. ... Image File history File links Symbol_thumbs_down. ...

These gestures have become metaphors in English: "My boss gave my proposal the thumbs-up" means that the boss approved the proposal, regardless of whether the gesture was made — indeed, the gesture itself is unlikely in a business setting.

The source of the gesture is obscure. Though a favorite of Hollywood 'swords and sandals' epics, where the "thumbs down" symbol means that the loser in a gladiatorial combat should be put to death, recent research suggests the meanings of the symbols have changed over the years. In 1997, Professor Anthony Philip Corbeill of the University of Kansas concluded that the thumbs up actually meant "Kill him," basing his assertion on a study of hundreds of ancient artworks. Thus, the "thumbs up" was an approval of the gladiator's request to kill his vanquished foe rather than a vote to allow the defeated to remain alive. Corbeill wrote that a closed fist with a wraparound thumb was the indication for a gladiator's life to be spared. D. W. Griffith set out to depict the splendor of ancient Babylon in Intolerance. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. ...

Pollice Verso by Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1872 is the immediate source of the "thumbs down" gesture in popular culture.

In Latin, the "thumbs up" gesture is called pollice recto, "thumbs down" is pollice verso. It is certain that the contemporary gestures are not identical to the gestures performed in ancient Rome. The current version was popularized by a widely reproduced academic painting by the 19th century artist Jean-Léon Gérôme, whose Pollice Verso depicts a triumphant gladiator standing over a fallen foe, looking up into the bleachers for the verdict of the crowd. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Popular culture, sometimes abbreviated to pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pollice Verso by Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1872, is the immediate source of the thumbs down gesture in popular culture. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... For other uses, see Bleach (disambiguation). ...

Additionally, Desmond Morris' Gestures: Their Origins and Distribution traces the practice back to a medieval custom used to seal business transactions. Over time, the mere sight of an upraised thumb came to symbolize harmony and kind feelings. The gesture's popularization in America is generally attributed to the practices of World War II pilots, who used the thumbs up to communicate with ground crews prior to take-off. American GIs are reputed to have picked up on the thumb and spread it throughout Europe as they marched toward Berlin."[2] Dr Desmond Morris (born 24 January 1928 in the village of Purton, UK) is most famous for his work as a zoologist and ethologist. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...

More recently, these gestures are associated with movie reviews, having been popularized by Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert in their televised reviews — the thumb up meaning a positive opinion of a film; the thumb down meaning a negative one. One or two thumbs up, often held over the head, may also be used by athletes in celebration of a victory. This article is about motion pictures. ... Look up Review in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Eugene Gene Kal Siskel (January 26, 1946 – February 20, 1999) was one of the worlds most successful film critics. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ...

"'Thumbs up' traditionally translates as the foulest of Middle-Eastern gesticular insults — the most straightforward interpretation is 'Up yours, pal!' The sign has a similarly pejorative meaning in parts of West Africa, South America, Russia, Iran, Greece, and Sardinia, according to Roger E. Axtell's book Gestures: The Do's and Taboos of Body Language Around the World."[3]

Hitchhikers traditionally use a thumbs up gesture to solicit rides from oncoming vehicles, although in this presentation the arm is generally outstretched with the palm and closed fingers facing the motorist. Hitchhiking (also called lifting or thumbing) is a form of transport, in which the traveller tries to get a lift (ride) from another traveller, usually a car or truck driver. ...

Thumbs up and thumbs down are extensively used in scuba diving as commands to ascend or descend.

In Japan, one thumb up refers to a male lover. An intimate relationship is a interpersonal relationship where there is a great deal of physical or emotional intimacy. ...


Palm towards the recipient, all fingers closed except for the index, which alternates from left to right, like a metronome. In English-speaking countries it has a disapproving meaning and can be accompanied by a "tsk-tsk" sound. A mechanical wind-up metronome in motion A digital metronome set to pulse at four beats per measure at a tempo of 130 BPM A metronome is any device that produces a regulated audible and/or visual pulse, usually used to establish a steady beat, or tempo, measured in beats... A catchphrase used by Niax to describe tuting in a text based enviroment. ...

In Brazil, Italy, Portugal and Spain it simply means "no", and does not have any patronizing connotation, which is denoted waving the index back and forth.

V sign

Richard Nixon gives the V-sign one last time after resigning from the presidency.
Main article: V sign

The "V Sign", commonly known as "sticking two fingers up" or "flicking the V's," is thought to have originated in the United Kingdom. It involves facing the palm inwards, while the index and middle fingers are extended vertically. This is the way that Winston Churchill initially indicated "Victory," at the beginning of the Second World War (often with a large cigar jammed between the two fingers), but he reversed the sign later in order to distinguish the "V for Victory" campaign from a gesture widely considered insulting. Image File history File links Richard Nixon delivering the V sign outside Army One upon his final departure from the White House Photograph by Robert L. Knudsen, August 9, 1974, National Archives (http://www. ... Image File history File links Richard Nixon delivering the V sign outside Army One upon his final departure from the White House Photograph by Robert L. Knudsen, August 9, 1974, National Archives (http://www. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ... Churchill redirects here. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... This article is about the victory/peace gesture. ...

Popular legend holds that the sign originated with British archers in the Hundred Years War (1337 -1453). According to the legend, it was the habit of French captors to cut off the fingers of British archers when captured, thus disabling their ability to fire. It is said that mass salute evolved at the beginning of battles, showing the opposing French soldiers that they were still capable of effecting the massive damage associated with the war bow. There is, however, no record of this practice in any contemporary source, and the story must be regarded as a myth. This article is in need of attention. ...

The palm outward sign was used in the Vietnam war era to mean "peace" and was famously used by American President Richard Nixon. It has now been claimed by hip-hop culture as a salute, held palm inwards, horizontally, often accompanied by the words "peace" or "peace out." For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). ...

The palm out version is common in Anime, and has permeated popular Asian culture. Japanese people, usually female teenagers, are commonly seen placing the "V" next to the face during photographs. “Animé” redirects here. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Languages Japanese Religions Shinto, Buddhism, large secular groups      The Japanese people ) is the ethnic group that identifies as Japanese by culture or ancestry, or both. ...

It is also the sign for the letter V in American Sign Language. It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ...

Vulcan salute

Main article: Vulcan salute

The Vulcan salute consists of a raised hand, palm outward, fingers extended, with the index and middle finger kept close together, and the ring and pinky finger close together, with a "V" shaped space between them, and the thumb sticking out alone. Blessing gesture that was the inspiration for the Vulcan salute. ...

This gesture is associated with the phrase "Live long and prosper", and derives from Star Trek, where it is used as a salute by fictional humanoid species the Vulcans. The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... It has been suggested that Tplana-hath be merged into this article or section. ...

It was introduced by Leonard Nimoy, who is Jewish, in his character of Mr. Spock and is drawn directly from the benedictory gesture made with both hands by a Kohen (priest in Judaism, a descendant of Aaron) during the Priestly Blessing (Hebrew: Birkat Kohanim). The Kohanim recite a blessing while performing this "gesture" and the other congregants respond with Amens. Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ... Spock, commonly called Mr. ... Cohen (disambiguation) Position of the kohens hands and fingers during the Priestly Blessing A kohen (or cohen, Hebrew כּהן, priest, pl. ... The Priestly Blessing, (in Hebrew: Birkat Kohanim, ברכת כהנים) is a Jewish ceremony and prayer recited during certain specific Jewish services. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Cohen (disambiguation) Position of the kohens hands and fingers during the Priestly Blessing A kohen (or cohen, Hebrew כּהן, priest, pl. ... This article is about the Hebrew word. ...



The Wanker is shaken up and down (or sometimes, back and forth) at the wrist. fingers_and_thumb_in_circle_downward_motion File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ... fingers_and_thumb_in_circle_downward_motion File links The following pages link to this file: Gesture Categories: GFDL images ...

The gesture is imitative of the motions of male masturbation. Its meaning is equivalent to the word wanker or implies something is of little importance. If directed to a person or group, who are not necessarily present, it is considered a display of contempt toward them. Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ... Look up wanker in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

The Overhand Portuguese Wanker Gesture

In Greece and Portugal the wanker gesture is used with the palm facing the ground thereby implying that the person is masturbating someone else rather than themselves. As such this has homosexual or promiscuous implications when directed at someone instead of the milder suggestion that they enjoy self-gratification. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x659, 111 KB) Summary created by Shisten B. DeMille Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x659, 111 KB) Summary created by Shisten B. DeMille Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ...


Hand waving is a gesture in which the hand is raised and moved back and forth, as a greeting, a sign of departure, or call for attention. The orientation of the hand varies by culture and situation. In many cultures, the palm is oriented toward the recipient of the wave. Greeting is a way for humans to intentionally communicate awareness of each others presence, to show attention to, and/or to affirm or suggest a type of relationship or social status between individuals or groups of people coming in contact with each other. ... Parting traditions or parting customs are various traditions, customs, and habits used by people to acknowledge the parting of individuals or groups of people from each other. ...

In Chinese culture, people move the hand left and right as a greeting, while orienting the hand palm-down and waving it up and down signifies "come here", rather than a greeting.[citation needed]

Using two hands

Air quotes

Main article: Air quotes

This phrase refers to using one's fingers to make virtual quotation marks in the air when speaking. AIR QUOTES ARE ANNOYING! SAYS WHO? SAYS ME! FUCK AIR QUOTES! I HATE THEM! THEYRE JUST SICK VARIANTS OF THE PEACE SIGN! ... The symbol ″, while technically the double-prime, is also used to mean inch. ...

Asking for the time

Common in the United States, a silent way of asking someone else what time it is. One hand is usually clenched into a downturned loose fist, bent at the wrist, while the index finger on the other hand is used to tap the bent wrist as if pointing to a wristwatch. This page is about timekeeping devices. ...


This gesture involves holding the backs of the wrists against the jawline (with elbows outstretched) and then waggling one's fingers. The gesture is often accompanied by a feminine-voiced "Ooooo!" which rises and falls in intonation. It is used when one would normally say (sarcastically) "Well, aren't you clever?", or to imply that someone is acting too posh for their station. It is peculiar to Scotland owing to its use in Scottish TV show Chewin the Fat. Look up Posh in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chewin the Fat is a Scottish comedy sketch show, starring Ford Kiernan, Greg Hemphill and Karen Dunbar. ...


The palms are against the sides of the face, eyes wide and mouth open round. This gesture is depicted in Edvard Munch's The Scream. To imitate the painting, there may be a small space between the palms and the face. It is used to express great horror. With the mouth closed, it is used to express dismay. A similar gesture, placing the hands against the front of the face, little fingers parallel and touching, can express sadness, remorse, or speechlessness over any bad event. The Scream. ... For other uses, see The Scream (disambiguation). ...

"Shame on you"

This gesture involves pointing at a person with the index finger of one hand while rubbing the pointed finger with the index finger of the opposite hand. The rubbing motion is directed toward the intended recipient and is repeated at least twice. It is used to imply that the targeted person should feel shame.

In Flanders, this gesture is used in children games to indicate "we got you/we're smarter than you/we laugh at you". For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ...


The "time-out" gesture — a "T" formed with the hands, with one hand with flat palm placed perpendicular to the other hand with flat palm, roughly in the center — originates in American sports. It is used by players to signal for a time out, or brief pause in play. In basketball, the gesture is additionally used by referees to indicate that a player or coach is guilty of a technical foul. A time-out in sport is when the game is stopped for a short amount of time. ... This article is about the sport. ... In basketball, a technical foul is an infraction of the rules usually concerning unsportsmanlike non-contact behavior. ...

In Portugal this gesture is used to say "Please give me some time" (or some more time).


Similar to the "time-out" gesture, here the vertical bar of the "T" is formed with the index finger of the opposite hand instead of the whole hand. It is used, primarily in Britain, to silently offer the recipient a cup of tea.


The X-Factor is a gesture used by many athletes (usually pro) as a way of "showing off" or gloating. It is done by crossing your arms so they form an "X" and raising them slightly above eye level. (this gesture is seen in the video game NFL Street. In Japan and Hawaii, it is a signal to bus-drivers that you are not taking their bus.

However, if you are in the audience or watching America's Got Talent, that means the act is bad and that the judges should "X" them out. This variation uses fists. This was very heavily evidenced in the Season 2 audition episodes. Americas Got Talent is an American reality television series on the NBC television network. ...

See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


  1. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson Funeral - The Eyes of Texas". Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  2. ^ Pease, A et al. (2004). The Definitive Book of Body Language. 
  3. ^ Cooke, Jean. (Jul., 1959). A Few Gestures Encountered in a Virtually Gestureless Society. Western Folklore Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 233-237. doi:10.2307/1497708.
  • Bulwer, John (1644). "Chirologia: or the Natural Language of the Hand" (London,1644)
  • Goldin-Meadow, Susan (2003). The resilience of language: What gesture creation in deaf children can tell us about how all children learn language. In the Essays in Developmental Psychologyseries (J. Werker & H. Wellman, Eds.). New York: Psychology Press.
  • Goldin-Meadow, Susan (2003). Hearing gesture: How our hands help us think. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Johns, C. (1982). Sex or Symbol. Erotic Images of Greece and Rome. London: British Museum Publications.
  • Kendon, Adam (ed.) (1981). Nonverbal Communication, Interaction and Gesture: Selections from Semiotica (Vol.41, Approaches to Semiotics). The Hague: Mouton and Co. [Includes as an Introduction by Kendon an extended critical survey of methodological and theoretical issues in the field].
  • Kendon, Adam (1997). Annual Review of Anthropology. 26: 109-128.
  • Kendon, Adam (2000). Gesture in Naples and Gesture in Classical Antiquity. An English translation, with an Introductory Essay and Notes of La mimica degli antichi investigata nel gestire Napoletano ('Gestural expression of the ancients in the light of neapolitan gesturing') by Andrea de Jorio (1832). Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.
  • Kendon, Adam (2004). Gesture: Visible Action as Utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • McNeill, David (1992). Hand and Mind. What Gestures Reveal about Thought. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • McNeill, David (2005). Gesture and Thought. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Kita, S. (ed.) (2003). Pointing: Where Language, Culture and Cognition Meet. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, ISBN 0-8058-4014-1.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • International Society for Gesture Studies(ISGS) is an international scholarly association devoted to the study of human gesture. The ISGS organizes conferences and supports the Journal GESTURE.
  • McNeill Lab Center for Gesture and Speech Research David McNeill's Lab homepage: The Center for Gesture and Speech Research at the University of Chicago studies speech and gesture from a psycholinguistic perspective. The page provides lots of useful information about gesture analysis.
  • The Goldin-Meadow Lab Susan Goldin-Meadow's Lab homepage. The lab is composed of graduate students and researchers pursuing independent topics related to cognition, development, education, linguistics, and various other fields, but interrelated by the lab's main focus - the study of non-verbal communication, specifically gestures.
  • The Nijmegen Gesture Center (NGC) at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics studies the role of gestures in psycholinguistic processing, communication and interaction, acquisition, cognition, and neurocognition.
  • Journal GESTURE is a scholarly Journal that publishes articles reporting original research, as well as survey and review articles, on all aspects of gesture.
  • Publications by Adam Kendon (field data, research techniques and theory of gesture and sign languages)
  • A Nice Gesture Many stories and anecdotes on gestures.
  • A Repertoire of South African Quotable Gestures, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology.
  • Handspeak Sign languages, gestures, body languages, Baby Sign, International Sign, and more. Paid site with limited content for free.

  Results from FactBites:
Gesture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7578 words)
To Chaotes practicing Lovecraftian magick, this gesture is known as the "Sign of the Elders." With the palm facing outwards, the fingers closed (without gaps), the right hand's fingertips to the same-side temple, it is used by the Boy scouts as their identifying salute.
The gesture is imitative of the motions of male masturbation.
For this gesture, also known as "cocking a snoot", "giving the five-finger salute", "cocking a snook", or Queen Anne's Fan the thumb is placed on the tip of the nose, with the remaining fingers of the hand extended and waggled freely.
UT Feature Story -- Manual Dexterity: Your distinct hand gestures can extend the reach of your communication (1623 words)
Streeck’s focus is not the conventional gestures that may immediately leap to mind: the thumbs up or the hook ‘em sign or traffic jam gestures that approximate a four-letter word.
In some circumstances, gestural communication is still a primary form of communication, as seen in sign language used by the deaf or in places like Trappist monasteries, where silence is practiced.
And Streeck has videotaped people using their hands in dance and work in Bali and found that since the Balinese typically do exercises to increase the flexibility of their hands, the configurations of their hands are different than in other places.
  More results at FactBites »



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